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REPRESENTATIVE CANADIANS 







RT. HON. SIR R. L. BORDEN. P.C.. K.C.M.G.. K.C.. LI..D 
Ottawa 



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ase 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHICAL SERIES III 



A CYCLOP/EDIA 

of 

CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY 



Brief Biographies of Persons Distinguished in the Professional, Military 

and Political Life, and the Commerce and Industry of 

Canada, in the Twentieth Century. 



Edited by 

HECTOR CHARLESWORTH 




TORONTO 

THE HUNTER-ROSE COMPANY, LIMITED 

1919 



tECTRCNJC VERSION 
AVAILABLE 



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PREFACE 



IT is now thirty-three years since the first volume of biographies bearing 
the title "Representative Canadians" was issued by the present firm of 
publishers. In 1886 the scope of the work was unique, so far as this 
country was concerned; for previous volumes of the kind had confined themselves 
to the careers of Canadians who have won fame in either a political or military 
capacity. The aim of the editors of the first volume of " Representative Cana- 
dians" was to give recognition of the emergence of Canada from a colonial 
to something like a national status by recording something of the achievements 
of those who had contributed to the intellectual, industrial and commercial 
growth of the country, as well as of its political leaders. The purpose remained 
the same in the second volume published in 1888, and is once more the impulse 
of the present book. 

The vast majority of those whose careers were recorded in 1886 have 
passed away; and the same is true of those who figured in the second volume 
of the series. Consequently, the earlier issues of "Representative Canadians" 
grow every day more precious, for, in many cases, they contain the sole records 
of men who initiated great enterprises or furthered important movements 
which have left a lasting mark on the history of Canada. We cannot but think 
that the reader who, thirty or forty years hence, may chance to scan the pages 
of the present volume will gather a very vivid picture of Canada as it was 
in one of the crucial periods of the world's affairs a picture in which the 
characters of those Canadians who lived and "carried on" through the years 
of the greatest war in all history may be discerned in the records of their lives. 
There is hardly a page in this book into which the war does not enter directly 
or indirectly in some form or other, by way of allusions to services rendered, 
bereavements endured, or honours gained on the field of battle. In that sense 
the 1919 volume must remain unique, and a mine of useful information for 
students in future generations. 

Generally speaking, in comparing the biographies of the Canadians of 
to-day with those of 1886 and 1888, the reader gains a sense of this country's 
continuous expansion. The present century has witnessed a marvellous 



development in the Canadian West, so that in these pages we find numerous 
records showing not merely the commercial, but the intellectual, progress of 
the Provinces West of the Great Lakes stories of brilliant careers built up 
by men who were mere children in the East when the first volume was published. 
The reader will also note in the biographies of business men which abound in 
these pages, the ever-increasing scale on which Canadian commerce and enter- 
prise everywhere is conducted, so that what seemed large in 1886 is relatively 
small to-day. Though some of the men whose names figure in the index are 
of less importance than others, all play their part in our complex and vigorous 
social life, and the story of their progress and fortunes cannot be really tedious 
to any sympathetic student of humanity. 

TORONTO, 1919. 



vi. 



INDEX 



Adamson, Alan Joseph 

Adamson, John Evans 

Aikenhead, Thomas E 

Aikins, Lieut.-Col. Sir James Albert 

Manning 

Allan, John 

Ames, Sir Herbert B 

Ami, Henry M 

Amyot, Lieut.-Col. John A 

Anderson, Alexander James 

Anderson, Frederic William . . 



Antliff, Rev. James Cooper 

Arkell, Thomas Reginald 

Armstrong, Samuel 

Arnold, William McCullough 

Arrell, Harrison 

Arsenault, Hon. Aubin E 

Ashby, Joseph Seraphin Aime 

Ashton, Major-General Ernest 

Askwith, John E 

Asselin, Major Olivar 

Baby, Wolstan Alexander Dixie 

Bachand, Leonide Charles 

Bailey, Charles Frederick 

Baillie, Sir Frank 

Bain, John 

Ball,Emerson Ewart 

Ball, Robert James 

Ballantyne, James 

Barnard, Sir Frank Stillman 

Barnard, Hon. George Henry 

Barrow, Hon. Edward Dodsley 

Barry, Walter H 

Baskerville, William Joseph 

Bates, Joseph Lever 

Bates, Thomas Nathaniel 

Beach, Mahlon F 

Beaumont, Ernest Joseph 

Begin, Louis Nazaire 

Beith, Hon. Robert 

Bellemare, Adelard 

Bell, Clarence A. H 

Bell, Hon. George Alexander 

Bell, John Howatt 

Bell, John Percival 

Belcourt, Hon. Napoleon Antoine 

Bender, Prosper 

Bennett, Richard Bedford 

Berthiaume, Arthur 

Best, John 

Bethune, Rev. Charles James Stewart . 

Birkett, Thomas 

Black, Henry 

Blair, Lieutenant James K 

Blondin, Hon. Pierre Edouard 

Bole, David W 

Borden, Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Laird 

Boudreau, L. N. H. Rodolphe 

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie 

Bowes, James Leslie Llewellyn 

Bowie, Lieut. -Colonel Henry William. . 

Bowman, Charles Martin 

Boyd, Leslie Hale 

Boyer, Major Gustave 

Boyer, Louis 

Braden, Norman Short 

Braithwaite. Edward Ernest 



. 52 

. 180 

. 174 

. 114 

. 52 

. 215 

. 127 

. 270 

. 106 

. 144 

. 229 

. 69 

. 218 

. 110 

. 66 

. 61 

. 64 

. 145 

. 223 

. 126 

. 205 

. 124 

. 148 

. 165 

. 272 

. 49 

. 56 

. 17 

. 40 

. 125 

. 274 

. 230 

. 74 

. 257 

. 61 

. 31 

. 255 

. 147 

. 43 

. 76 

. 125 

. 133 

. 273 

. 212 

. 221 

. 1 

. 180 

. 44 

. 69 

. 251 

. 275 

. 98 

. 90 

. 40 

. 250 

. 73 



Breadner, Robert Walker 

Breithaupt, John C 

Breithaupt, Louis J 

Brennan, John Charles 

Briggs, William 

Bristow, Michael George 

Brock, Lieut.-Colonel Henry 

Brock, William Rees 

Brodeur, Hon. Louis Philippe 

Bronson, Hon. Erskine Henry 

Bronson, Henry Franklin 

Brossoit, Numa Edouard 

Buchanan, William A 

Buckles, Daniel 

Bulman, William John 

Burgoyne, William Bartlett 

Burpee, Lawrence Johnston 

Bulyea George Hedley Vicars 

Butler, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas Page. . . 

Butterworth, John George Bissett 

Byrne, Daniel f. 



. 132 

. 228 

. 43 

. 131 

. 68 

. 73 

. 70 

. 71 

. 220 

. 65 

. 34 

. 274 

. 171 

. 119 

. 131 

. 186 

. 39 

. 143 

. 282 

. 256 

. 129 



Callahan, John 190 

Camaraire, Alfred Frederick 115 

Cameron, Lieut.-Colonel Sir Douglas ... 16 

Campbell, Colin 103 

Campbell, Donald Grant 151 

Campbell, William Brough 234 

Cane, James Gilbert Ill 

Carew, John 22 

Carson, Hugh 145 

Cartwright, Lieut.-Colonel Robert 168 

Casgrain, Philippe Baby 27 

Cash, Edward L 157 

Cassils, Charles 151 

Chabot, Lieut.-Colonel John Leo 63 

Chadwick, Edward Marion 37 

Chamberlain, Theodore F 45 

Chambers, Colonel Ernest John 283 

Champagne, Napoleon 209 

Chapleau, Maj. Samuel Edmour St. Onge 47 

Chaplin, James D 184 

Charlesworth, Hector 254 

Charlton, William Granville 64 

Chauvin, Hon. T. Hector 150 

Chisholm, William Craig 108 

Choquette, Ernest U 

Choquette, Philippe Auguste 137 

Chrysler, Francis Henry 81 

Clark, Lieut.-Colonel Hugh 100 

Clark, John Murray 78 

Clute, Arthur Roger 34 

Coats, Robert Hamilton 104 

Coburn, John W 123 

Cockshutt, William Foster 2 

Cody, Hon. Henry John 109 

Cole, George M 63 

Cole, Col. Wilmot Howard 28 

Colquhoun, Arthur Hugh Urquhart 261 

Commeford, James W 139 

Conant, Gordon Daniel 131 

Connolly, Bernard Gervase 190 

Coombs, Albert Ernest 64 

Coristine, Major Stanley B 295 

Corrigan, Ambrose Eugene 206 

Cote, Narcisse Omer 221 

Cotton, Major-General W. H 249 

Cousineau, Joseph Philemon 192 

Cousins, George Vipond 159 

Cowan, William Frederick 84 



Cox, Herbert Coplin 

Coyne, James Henry 

Crannell, Levi 

Creelman, Lieut.-Colonel John Jennings 

Cronyn, Hume 

Cross, Alexander S. G 

Cross, Charles Wilson 

Crossland, E. F 

Crothers, Hon. Thomas Wilson 

Crowther, William H 

Cudmore, Sedley Anthony 

Currie, General Sir Arthur William 

Cutten, George Barton 



26 

14 
302 
185 
228 
151 

32 
136 

90 
190 
302 
165 
193 



Dalley, Frederick Fenner 218 

Dalton, Hon. Charles 204 

Daniels, Hon. Orlando T 206 

Dargavel, John Robertson 133 

Davey, James 68 

David, Hon. Laurent Olivier 182 

Davidson, James Wheeler 191 

Davidson, William McCartney 225 

Davis, Albert Mayno 229 

Davis, Aubrey 176 

Dawson, Arthur Osborne 32 

De Celles, Alfred Duclos 66 

Delage, Cyrille F 195 

Demers, Joseph 160 

Denis, J. Wilfred 69 

Denton, Frank 62 

Deroche, William Paschal 172 

de Tremaudan, A. H 76 

Detwiler, Noah Bechtel 277 

Dewart, Herbert Hartley 275 

Dickson, Rev. James A. R 136 

Dinnick, Lieut.-Col. Wilfrid Servington 193 

Diver, Frederick 125 

Dobell, Sir Charles Macpherson 24 

Doherty, Hon. Charles Joseph 156 

Dollard, Rev. James B 184 

Donogh, John Ormsby 161 

Donovan, Albert Edward 300 

Doughty, Arthur George 297 

Douglas, James 32 

Douglas, William James 195 

Dowling, John S 176 

Dray ton, Sir Henry Lumley 23 

Drayton, Philip Henry 276 

Drysdale, William 186 

Duclos, Arnold Willard 285 

Duff, Hon. Lyman Poore 271 

Dunlop, Edward Arunah 237 

Dunning, Hon. Charles Avery 216 

Dwyer, William Henry 72 

Dymond, Allan Malcolm 41 

Earle, Rufus Redmond 119 



Easson, Robert Henry. 

Eddis, Wilton C 

Edwards, John Wesley 

Edwards, Hon. William Cameron 

Elliot, Major-General Harry Macintire 

Elliott, John Campbell 

Ellis, James Albert 

Ellis, John F 

Elson, John Mebourne . . 



281 
69 
45 
123 
284 
60 
102 
178 
288 

Englehart, Joel Lewis 173 

Ethier, Joseph Arthur Calixte 133 

Evanturel, Gustave 67 

Ewart, David 174 

Ewing, William 194 

Farris, Hon. John Wallace de Beque. ... 214 



Farrow, Robinson Russell 238 

Faulkner, Hon. George Everett 2( 

Ferguson, Hon. George Howard 196 

Ferguson, Hon. William Nassau I 

Fielding, Hon. William Stevens 279 

Fifield, Albert Frank 198 

Finlayson, George Daniel 2j 

Finnic, David Maclachan 179 

Fisher, His Honor Walter George 185 

Flavelle, William M 134 

Flint, Thomas Barnard 79 

Flynn, Edmund James 263 

Foran, Joseph Kearney 2! 

Forin, John Andrew 122 

Forman, James C 247 

Forster, J. W. L 172 

Foster, Thomas Wilfred 248 

Foster, Hon. Walter Edward 254 

Fraleck, Edison Baldwin 67 

Fraser, George B 71 

Freiman, Archibald J 132 

Galbraith .Walter Stuart 147 

Gale, George Charles 134 

Gale, Robert Henry 288 

Gariepy, Wilfrid 127 

Garland, John L 105 

Garneau, Sir George 25 

Gartshore, Lieut.-Colonel William Moir 180 

Gibbon, Arthur Playford 232 

Gibbons, John Joseph 69 

Gibson, Brig.-General Sir John Morison 242 

Gibson, Theron 27 

Gill, Robert 289 

Gillespie, Professor Peter 74 

Girard, A. D 167 

Girard, Joseph, 31 

Godfrey, Oswald Julius 149 

Goodeve, Hon. Arthur Samuel 34 

Goring, C. C 193 

Gouin, Hon. Sir Jean Lomer 26 

Graham, Hon. George Perry 267 

Grange, Edward Alexander Andrew .... 74 

Grange, Edward Wilkinson 39 

Grant, Gordon 197 

Grierson, Hon. George Allison 133 

Groves, Abraham 38 

Guilbault, Joseph Pierre Octave 34 

Gwatkin, Major-General W. G 260 

Gwynne, Brig.-General Reginald John . . 286 

Hackett, Edward 37 

Hagedorn, Charles Kappler 116 

Hamilton, Frank Kent 223 

Hamilton, Ralph Bergen 189 

Hanna, Hon. William John 287 

Hannon, James Willson 159 

Kara, Frederick North 198 

Hare, Rev. John James 269 

Harkin, James, B 174 

Harper, John Murdoch 129 

Harris, Reginald V 59 

Harris, William Gean 175 

Harrison, Nathaniel Isles 147 

Hastings, David 75 

Hazen, Hon. Sir John Douglas 93 

Heakes, Francis Riley 152 

Hearst, Hon. Sir William Howard 7 

Heaton, Ernest 87 

Hebert, Zepherin 88 

Helmer, Brig.-General Richard Alexis. . . 265 

Henderson, Alexander 235 

Henderson, William Andrew 118 



Henry, David Edouard 231 

Henry, Hon. George Stewart 282 

Higinbotham, John D 143 

Hill, Hamnett Pinhey 140 

Hinds, Leonard D'Arcy Bernard 33 

Hocken, Norman Cecil 195 

^Hodgetts, Colonel Charles Alfred 223 

Hogg, Andrew Brydon 121 

Hogg, William Drummond 285 

Honeywell, Major Frederick Henry 164 

Hook, Thomas 300 

Hopkins, Arthur George 150 

Hopkins, Innes 188 

Hore, George Charles 134 

Hough, John Atwell 198 

Hudson, Hon. Albert Blellock 145 

Hughes, Brig.-General William St. Pierre 258 

Hunnisett, James Edward 201 

Hunter, Lieut. -Colonel A. T 37 

Hunter, Major W. E. Lincoln 281 

Hurdman, George Charles 271 

Hutchison, Colonel William 241 

Ingersoll, James Hamilton 178 

Ingram, George C 123 

Innes, Hugh Patterson 199 

Irwin, William Nassau 234 

Izzard, Dennis Jabez 95 

Jacobs, Samuel W 89 

James, Edgar Augustus 178 

Jarvis, Ernest Frederick 191 

Jenkins, Lieut.-Col. Stephen Rice Jenkins 213 

Jette, the Hon. Sir Louis 10 

Johnson, Ebeneazer Forsyth Blackie 97 

Johnson, Hon. Thomas Herman 238 

Jones, George Burpee 95 

Jones, Henry Victor Franklin 87 

Jones, James William 116 

Kastner. Gideon 163 

Keefe, R. Daniel 86 

Kelso, John Joseph 194 

Kemp, Hon. Sir Albert Edward 16 

Kennedy, William Costello 11 

Kent, Joseph 110 

King, Hon. James H 195 

King, Hon. William Lyon Mackenzie. . . 286 

Kyte, George William 77 

Labelle, Alfred Eugene 158 

Laidlaw, Lome Nelson 148 

Landry, Hon. David V 142 

Langelier, Hon. Sir Francois-Xavier. ... 18 

Langley, James P 44 

Langton, Brig.-General Joseph Graham. 266 
Laurier, the late Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid ... 3 

Law, Bonnar B 200 

Lawlor, H. W 36 

Leblanc, Sir Pierre-Evariste 159 

Lemieux, Auguste 35 

Lemieux, Hon. Sir Francois-Xavier 12 

Lennie, Robert Scott 141 

Lennox, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas Herbert 207 
Leonard, Lieut.-Colonel Reuben Wells. . 268 

Lesperance, Albert Paneran 246 

L'Esperance, Hon. David Ovide 85 

Levy, Gabriel Herman 221 

Lighthall, William Douw 101 

Longley, Hon. J. W 51 

Lumsden, John 315 

Lynch, Hon. William Warren 19 



MacAulay, Brock. 



157 



Macaulay, John 101 

Macdonald, Sir Donald Alexander 225 

MacDonald Donald D 175 

Macdonald, John 50 

MacDonald, Neil S 48 

Macdonald, Selkirk M 96 

Machado, Jose Antonio 211 

Machin, Lt.-Col. Harold Arthur Clement 203 
Mackay, Hon. Col. Alexander Howard . . 191 

Mackenzie, Daniel D 294 

Mackenzie, Hugh Blair 158 

MacKenzie, John Angus 177 

Mackenzie, Norman 93 

Mackie, George D 150 

Mackintosh, Charles Herbert 56 

MacLean, Archie 86 

MacLean, Hon. John Duncan 117 

Macauzay, Thomas Basset 99 

Mann, Alexander Robert 168 

Marchand, Pierre 249 

Marcile, Joseph Edmond 155 

Margeson, Lieut.-Colonel Joseph Willis. 217 

Marnoch, George Robert 104 

Marsh, Lieut.-Colonel Lome Wilmot ... 88 
Marshall, Lieut.-Col. Kenrie Reid.. .. 302 

Marshall, Lieut.-Colonel Noel G. L 169 

Martin, Hon. William Melville 231 

Massey, C. D 53 

Massey, Charles Vincent 202 

Mather, James 205 

Matthews, George Sands 155 

McBrien, Frederick George 155 

McCarthy, Jesse Overn 201 

McClennaghan, Stewart 169 

McConnell, Richard George 165 

McCorkill, Hon. Justice John Charles.. . 20 

McCuaig, Clarence James Ill 

McCuish, Robert George 120 

McCullough, Charles Robert 48 

McCurdy, Fleming Blanchard 266 

McEvoy, John Millar 283 

McFall, Robert James 298 

McGiverin, Harold Buchanan 177 

Mclnenly, William 60 

Mclnnes, William 203 

McKay, Hon. James 159 

McKeon, Very Rev. Dean P. J 178 

McLean, Angus Alexander 240 

McLean, Hon. Daniel 160 

McLean, Major-Gen. Hugh Havelock.. . 62 

McMahon, Edward 89 

McMahon, James Alexander 259 

McNeeley, John Strachan Lewis 153 

McNeil, Most Rev. Neil 175 

McNeillie, James Richardson 36 

McQuarrie, William Garland 188 

Meek, Edward 58 

Meighen, Hon. Arthur 8 

Merner, Jonathan Joseph 154 

Middlebr6, William S 87 

Mikel, William Charles 54 

Mills. Charles Henry 93 

Miller, Frederick Robert 213 

Miller, Lieut.-Colonel John Bellamy 262 

Mitchell, Hon. Robert Menzies 11 

Mitchell, Hon. Walter George 245 

Minehan, Rev. Lancelot 85 

Mondou, Alberic Archie 153 

Montgomery, Hugh John 96 

Morehouse, Oscar Emery 135 

Morgan, Colin Daniel 52 

Morin, Pierre Alphonse 270 

Morin, Victor 75 



Murphy, Hon. Charles 

Murray, Hon. Robert 

Musson, Charles Joseph 



28 

252 

53 

183 
280 
263 
278 
249 
264 
277 
107 
201 
250 
177 
257 

141 

118 



Nanton, Sir Augustus Meredith 

Nash, Charles William 

Nasmith, Colonel George Gallic 

Neill, Charles Ernest 

Nesbitt, Arthur Russel 

Nicholls, Lieut.-Colonel Hon. Frederic. 

Nicholson, Arthur Edwin 

Nickle, William Folger 

Norcross, Joseph W 

Northrup, William Barton 

Notman, John Charles 

Noyes, John Powell 

Odium, Edward 

O'Hara, Francis Charles Trench 

Oliver, Hon. John 

O'Reilly, His Honor James Redmond. . 
Owens, Edward W. J 



Paisley, James K 83 

Panet, Lieut.-Colonel Charles Louis 279 

Paquet, Eugene 157 

Pardee, Frederick Forsyth 33 

Pardoe, Avern 176 

Parent, Hon. Simon Napoleon 226 

Parmelee, William George 20 

Parsons, S. R 246 

Paton, Hugh 177 

Patrick, John Alexander Macdonald 120 

Patterson, John Pratt 61 

Payne, Francis Freeman 150 

Pedley, Frank 213 

Pennington, David Henry 117 

Perley, Sir George Halsey 205 

Perry, Nathaniel Irwin 139 

Petrie, Harry David 275 

Peuchen, Lieut-Colonel Arthur Godfrey 121 

Pope, Major William Walter 82 

Poulin, Stanislas 101 

Power, William 161 

Pratt, Edward Courtney 82 

Price, Samuel 95 

Price, Sir William 15 

Pringle, Robert Abercrombie 105 

Pritchard, Henry Thomas 215 

Proudfoot, William 210 

Proulx, Edmond 161 

Pugh, Thomas James 181 

Pullan, E 277 

Pyne, Lieut.-Colonel Hon. Robert Allan 90 

Rawlings, Henry Edward 197 

Regan, Frank 189 

Reid, Frank 85 

Reid, William Brown 237 

Rhodes, Hon. Edgar Nelson 13 

Richardson, John 297 

Riddell, Hon. William Renwick 82 

Roadhouse, William Albert 109 

Robb, Thomas 54 

Robertson, Edward Blake 184 

Robertson, Hon. Gideon Decker 240 

Robertson, John Ross 5 

Robertson, Norman 94 

Robertson, William John 91 

Robertson, William Robert 199 

Robinette, Thomas Cowper 252 

Roche, Hon. William James 102 

Roche, Francis James 292 



Rogers, Albert S 183 

Rogers, John Morrison 261 

Rose, George Maclean 272 

Rose, Hon. Mr. Justice Hugh Edward. . 93 

Rose, William Oliver 188 

Ross, James Gibb 21 

Ross, John Theodore 261 

Rowell, Hon. Newton Wesley 202 

Russell, Adam Lothian 235 

Rust, C. H 124 

Rutherford, Colonel Hon. Alexander 

Cameron 278 

Rutherford, John Gunion 226 

Saint Cyr, Joseph Fortunat 98 

Sainte-Pierre, F 97 

St. Jean, Ulric 157 

Samuel, Sigmund 92 

Sauve, Arthur 203 

Sayles, Edwin Roy 164 

Scott, F. Stewart 183 

Scott, James Guthrie 30 

Scott, William Duncan 106 

Seguin, Paul Arthur 92 

Senecal, Francis Albert 204 

Sharpe, Samuel Simpson 100 

Shepherd, Simpson James 123 

Shier, Walter C 91 

Shillington, Lieut.-Col. Adam Tozeland 236 

Shortly, Orville Benjamin 248 

Shutt, Frank Thomas 96 

Sifton, Hon. Arthur Lewis 209 

Sinclair, Robert Victor 234 

Sinclair, Victor Albert 94 

Sine, Frederick 158 

Sloan, Hon. William 207 

Smart, Russell Sutherland 259 

Smith, Hon. Ernest Albert 214 

Smith, John Charles 92 

Smith, William 53 

Stapells, Richard A 219 

Starr, J. R. L 156 

Stewart, Charles 99 

Stewart, Dougald 160 

Street, Lieut-Colonel Douglas Richmond 140 

Struthers, James Douglas 163 

Studholme, Allan 115 

Sutherland, Donald 60 

Sutherland, Fred C 296 

Sutherland, Thomas Fraser 181 

Taschereau, Hon. Louis Alexander 21 

Taylor, Albert William 204 

Taylor, Hon. George Edward 151 

Taylor, Lt.-Col. Hon. George 296 

Tessier, Auguste Maurice Ill 

Tetreault, Joseph Sylvini 108 

Thoburn, William 135 

Thompson, Alfred 162 

Thomson, Levi 70 

Thornton, Hon. Robert Stirton 217 

Todd, John Lancelot 121 

Tory, John A 108 

Tourigny, Alfred F. X 115 

Trahan, Arthur 103 

Tremeear, William J 68 

Turgeon, Hon. Adelard 12 

Turgeon, Hon. William Ferdinand 

Alphonse 215 

Turnbull, Walter Renwick 169 

Tytler, William 138 



Vance, His Honor, George M. . . . 



. 160 



Vaughan, Marshall 

Veale, Philip Henry 

Veniot, Hon. Peter John 

Wade, Mark Sweeten 

Wainwright, Arnold 

Walker, William Simpson 

Wallace, Thomas George 

Wallis, Horace 

Ward, Lieut.-Colonel Henry Alfred. . . 
Watson, Brigadier-General Sir David . 

Watson, Senator Robert 

Watt, John Ralston 

Webber, John A 

Weichel, William George 

Weir, William M 

Weld, Edmund 

Weld, John 

Wetherell, James Elgin 

Whalen, George Frederick 

White, Arthur V 

White, Gerald Verner 

White, James 



293 White, John T 181 

239 White, Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas. . . 13 

208 Whitney, Edward Canfield 293 

Widdifield, John W 115 

144 Wilkes, Alfred John 112 

164 Williams, Herbert Hale 171 

187 Williams, Right Rev. Lennox Waldron. . 216 

152 Williams-Taylor, Sir Frederick 200 

116 Willis, James E 264 

105 Wilson, Henry George Wilberforce 148 

162 Wilson, James Lockie 114 

295 Wilson, Peter Edward 168 

116 Winkler, Hon. Valentine 208 

233 Wood, Rev. William Robertson 253 

154 Woods, Lieut.-Colonel James W 146 

158 Workman, Mark 113 

220 Wright, Alexander Whyte 290 

253 Wright, George 149 

222 Wright, George Craig 277 

192 Wright, Harry George 199 

55 Wright, William J 104 

136 Wrong, Professor George McKinnon 113 

236 Wylie, Newton 294 



LIST OF PHOTOGRAVURES 



Askwith, Jno. E., Ottawa. 

Baillie, Sir Frank W., Toronto. 
Baskerville, W. J., Ottawa. 
Beach, the late M. F. 
Beaumont, E. J., Kitchener. 
Birkett, Thomas, Ottawa. 
Blondin, Hon. P. E., Ottawa. 
Borden, Right. Hon. Sir R. L., Ottawa. 
Bowman, Charles M., Southampton. 
Breadner, R. W., Ottawa. 
Breithaupt, J. C., Kitchener. 
Breithaupt, L. J., Kitchener. 
Brennan, J. C., Ottawa. 
Bristow, M. G., Ottawa. 
Bulman, W., Winnipeg. 
Butterworth, J. G. B., Ottawa. 

Cowan, the late W. F., Ottawa. 
Currie, Major-General Sir Arthur William, 
Victoria, B.C. 

Dwyer, W. H., Ottawa. 

Edwards, Senator W. C., Ottawa. 
Englehart, Jacob L., Petrolia, Ontario. 

Finnic, D. M., Ottawa. 

Gale, R. H., Vancouver, B.C. 

Gariepy, Hon. Wilfrid, Edmonton. 

Garland, John L., Ottawa. 

Gibson, Brig.-General Sir John M., Hamilton. 

Gouin, Sir Lomer, Quebec. 

Graham, Hon. Geo. P., Brockville. 

Grant, Gordon, Ottawa. 

Harris, W. G., Toronto. 
Hebert, Zepherin, Montreal. 



Henry, D. E., Ottawa. 
Hodgetts, Colonel C. A., Ottawa. 
Hunter, Major W. E. Lincoln, Toronto. 
Hutchison, Colonel Wm., Ottawa. 

Kennedy, W. C., Windsor. 

King, Hon. W. L. Mackenzie, Ottawa. 

Laurier, the late Right Hon. Sir Wilfrid 

Macaulay, T. B., Montreal. 
Machin, Colonel H. A. C., Kenora. 
Mackenzie, John Angus, Ottawa. 
McClennaghan, Stewart, Ottawa. 
Mclnenly, William, Ottawa. 
McMahon, E-, Ottawa. 
Mitchell, Hon. W. G., Quebec. 

Parsons, S. R., Toronto. 
Paton, Hugh, Montreal. 
Peuchen, Lieut. -Colonel Arthur, Toronto. 

Reid, W. B., Toronto. ' 
Robertson, E. Blake, Ottawa. 

Shillington, Colonel A. T., Ottawa. 
Shortly, Orville B., Toronto 
Sifton, Hon. Arthur L., Ottawa. 
Stapells, R. A., Toronto. 
Sutherland, F. C., Toronto. 

Turgeon, Hon. Adelard, Quebec. 
Vaughan, Marshall, Welland, Ontario. 

White, Right. Hon. Sir W. T., Ottawa. 
Whitney, E. C., Ottawa. 
Woods, Lieut.-Colonel James W., Ottawa. 
Wright, George, Toronto. 



A CYCLOPEDIA 

of 
CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY 



E 

R, 

B; 



Borden, Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Laird, 
P.C., K.C.M.G., K.C., LL.D., Premier of 
Canada (Ottawa, Ont.), eldest son of Andrew 
Borden and Eunice Laird, was born at 
Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, on June 26, 1854. 
He was educated at Acadia Villa Academy, 
Horton, and for a time a Professor in Glen- 
wood Institute, N.J. His great-great-grand- 
father went to Kings County, Nova Scotia, 
with early settlers from New England, in 
1760, and upon returning to Massachusetts 
gave his land in Nova Scotia to his son, the 
eat-grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch. Upon returning to Nova Scotia, Sir 
Robert studied law and was called to the 
Bar in 1878. He first practised at Kentville, 
N.S., and later moved to Halifax, succeeding 
the late Sir John Thompson, then Prime 
Minister of Canada, in the firm of Thompson, 
Graham and Tupper. Before removing to 
Ottawa he was head of the law firm of Borden, 
Ritchie & Chisholm, of Halifax, and for ten 
years was President of the Nova Scotia Bar- 
risters' Society. He was made a Q.C. in 
1900; an Honorary LL.D. of Queen's Uni- 
versity in 1903; an Honorary LL.D., St. 
Francois-Xavier University in 1905; an 
Honorary LL.D. of McGill University in 
1913. In 1896 he was elected to the House 
of Commons from Halifax in the General 
Elections, and re-elected in 1900, but was an 
unsuccessful candidate at the General Elec- 
tions in 1904. Upon the retirement of 
Edward Kidd, M.P., for Carleton, Ont., he 
was elected by acclamation in his stead at 
the by-election held on February 4, 1905, and 
was re-elected by a large majority at the 
general elections in 1908, when he was also 
elected in Halifax, N.S. He later resigned 



his Carleton seat, preferring to represent 
Halifax. At the General Elections of 1911, 
he was again returned for Halifax, and con- 
tinued to represent that constituency up to 
the present time (1918). On February 6, 
1901, he was chosen leader of the Conserva- 
tive Party in the House of Commons, and 
upon the resignation of Sir Wilfrid Laurier 
and his Cabinet on October 6, 1911, follow- 
ing the defeat of the Liberal Government on 
the question of Reciprocity with the United 
States, he was sent for by His Excellency 
Earl Grey and was entrusted with the task 
of forming a Cabinet. With a very large 
majority at his disposal, he found the task 
an easy one, and was successful in gathering 
around him men who have since carried on 
the government of the country in one of the 
most critical periods of its existence. At the 
time the first Borden government assumed 
office the world war was unthought of except 
as a vague speculation, which few students 
of world finance and world politics believed 
would ever become a fact, and the new 
Premier did not foresee that before him lay 
the most difficult task that had ever con- 
fronted a Canadian Government. In the 
summer of 1914 the conflict which ultimately 
developed into a war between the Central 
Empires and most of the other civilized 
powers, came like a bolt from the blue. On 
August 4, 1914, there was great curiosity in 
the chancelleries of Europe as to whether the 
overseas dominions of the British Empire 
would stand behind Great Britain. Ger- 
many, on the day she started the war, be- 
lieved that they would not, and it was pro- 
phesied in Berlin that Canada would seek 
separation from the Empire. Sir Robert 



Borden at once gave the answer by placing 
the entire resources of the Dominion at the 
disposal of the Motherland; and on receiv- 
ing an intimation from the late Lord Kitch- 
ener, that men were the first necessity, im- 
mediately called Parliament together to vote 
the necessary money. His government com- 
menced the training and equipment of a first 
volunteer expeditionary force of 35,000, with 
provision for its further extension at need. 
This expeditionary force was partly trained 
at Valcartier camp, Quebec, and partly at 
Salisbury Plains, England, and first went 
into action at the second battle of Ypres in 
the spring of 1915. In the words of Viscount 
French, at that time Commander-in-Chief of 
the British forces in France, it "saved the 
situation" and barred the way to the Chan- 
nel Ports from the Germans. In 1915 Sir 
Robert, who .had been honored with the title 
of G.C.M.G. shortly before the outbreak of 
the conflict, visited Great Britain and France 
and, convincing himself that the struggle 
would be very long and difficult, pledged 
Canada to provide an aggregate of 500,000 
trained men should the need arise. He and 
his government also made arrangements 
whereby Canadian manufacturers should 
engage largely in the production of munitions, 
the credits for such contracts being financed 
by the Canadian administration. The same 
policy was pursued in connection with con- 
tracts for food supplies, with the result that 
throughout the war there was a continued 
trade expansion and financial opulence that 
enabled Canada to make sacrifices that would 
otherwise have been impossible to her. 
During his visits to the front Sir Robert kept 
himself fully in touch with the needs of the 
Canadian army, and resolved to make it a 
first consideration in all his policies. A trip 
to Great Britain and France in the early part 
of 1917 convinced him that, in view of the 
dark outlook for peace, it would be necessary 
for Canada to adopt the policy of conscrip- 
tion, which had already been reluctantly 
adopted in Great Britain by Mr. Asquith, 
and had become the policy of the United 
States, which had recently entered the war. 
It was clear to Sir Robert that this policy 
could only be effectively imposed by consent 
of both parties in the House of Commons, and 
on his return to Canada in May, 1917, he 
announced conscription as his policy and an 
abandonment of party government. He was 
at first stoutly opposed both in the ranks of 
his own party and by his political opponents. 
Nevertheless, after long and patient negotia- 
tions he was successful in winning practically 



the entire body of English-speaking Liberals 
to his way of thinking, and conscription car- 
ried in the House of Commons in the latter 
part of July, 1917, by the greatest majority 
ever given so momentous a measure. He 
then proceeded to form a Union Government 
almost equally representative of Conserva- 
tives and Liberals. Early in December of 
1917 this government, with Sir Robert as 
Prime Minister, appealed to the people, and 
was supported by almost the entire mass of 
English-speaking constituencies, giving him 
the largest majority that any political leader 
has ever enjoyed in this country. As a result 
of the adoption of conscription, Canada was 
enabled by the time peace was declared to 
fulfil her pledge of sending 500,000 men to 
aid in the war against autocracy a con- 
tribution which has made this country famous 
throughout the world. Already, on January 
1, 1912, Sir Robert had been sworn in as a 
member of the Imperial Privy Council, the 
highest office that up to that time had been 
held in the Motherland by a Canadian. On 
his arrival in London in June, 1918, he was 
invited by the Prime Minister, Hon. David 
Lloyd-George to become a member of the 
Imperial War Cabinet, a post which he held 
during the duration of the war. This was 
followed in November of 1918 by an invita- 
tion to become one of Great Britain's Im- 
perial representatives at the negotiations pre- 
liminary to and coincident with the Peace Con- 
ference to resolve the disasters of the war and 
at once proceeded overseas. Sir Robert's Im- 
perial services have been such, and his legal 
attainments are so well known that at the 
time of writing his elevation to the peerage 
as a colonial representative on the legal com- 
mittee of the Privy Council, which is the 
Court of Appeal for the whole Empire, is 
being strongly advocated in the Motherland. 
In his private relations Sir Robert is greatly 
beloved, and though his duties have brought 
him in contact with all the leading figures of 
Great Britain, France and the United States, 
he is a thorough democrat in bearing. His 
favorite recreation is golf and he has played 
with many world-famous statesmen, though 
he does not claim to be a champion. He is 
an Anglican in religion and a member of 
many clubs on both sides of the Atlantic. In 
September of 1889 he married Laura, 
daughter of the late T. H. Bond, of Halifax, 
and never fails to acknowledge the great aid 
and assistance that has been rendered him 
by Lady Borden in building up his illustrious 
career. They reside at 201 Wurtemburg St., 
Ottawa. 



Laurier, the late Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid, 
P.C., G.C.M.G., K.C., D.C.L. (Oxon), 
LL.D. (Ottawa, Ont.), son of the late Carolus 
Laurier, P.L.S., and his wife, Marcelle Mar- 
tineau; born at St. Lin, Quebec, on Novem- 
ber 20, 1841, and educated at mixed schools 
in his native parish and at L'Assomption 
College. As a law student he entered the 
office of the late Hon. R. Laflamme in 1860, 
and studied at McGill University; received 
B.C.L. in 1864 and was called to the Bar in 
the same year; was appointed a Q.C. in 1880, 
and became head of the law firm of Laurier 
& Lavergne. In the earlier years of his 
professional career he edited and contributed 
to several newspapers. In May 13, 1868, he 
married Miss Zoe Lafontaine. He was elected 
to the Legislative Assembly for Drummond 
and Arthabaska in 1871, and resigned to con- 
test the same riding for the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections in 1874, and 
was elected ; was sworn in a Privy Councillor 
and appointed Minister of Inland Revenue 
in the Mackenzie administration, on October 
8, 1877, and on going back for re-election, 
was defeated by D. O. Bourbeau, who ob- 
tained a majority of forty. Later he was 
elected for Quebec East, a seat vacated by 
I. Thibaudeau, and was re-elected for the 
same Riding at the general elections of 1878, 
1882, 1887, 1891, 1896 and 1900, and also 
elected for Saskatchewan, N.W.T., at the 
general elections of 1896; was re-elected to 
the House of Commons at general elections 
of 1904 for Quebec East and Wright, and 
elected to sit for Quebec East; in 1908 was 
re-elected for Quebec East, and was also 
returned for the City of Ottawa, and again 
elected to sit for Quebec East; in 1911 he 
was elected for both Quebec East and Sou- 
langes; and in 1918 for Quebec East. In 
October, 1878, he resigned with the Mac- 
kenzie Government, and was elected leader 
of the Liberal Party in the House of Com- 
mons in 1887. He issued a call for a Dom- 
inion Liberal Convention in 1893, which 
was held at Ottawa. Upon the defeat of the 
Tupper Government at the general elections, 
June 23, 1896, he was called on by Lord 
Aberdeen, Governor-General, to form a min- 
istry on July 8, 1896, on which date Sir 
Charles Tupper resigned office; was sworn 
in as President of the Privy Council, July 11, 
1896, and formed his Ministry, July 13, 
1896. He was appointed by a sub-committee 
of the Privy Council to arrange for the settle- 
ment of the Manitoba School Question and 
an agreement was reached in November of 
the same year. On the occasion of the cele- 



bration of Her Majesty Queen Victoria's 
Diamond Jubilee at London, Eng., June, 
1897, he represented Canada, and was created 
a Knight Grand Cross of the Most Dis- 
tinguished Order of St. Michael and St. 
George; was received in audience by the 
Sovereign and accorded the leading place in 
the great Jubilee State Procession of all the 
Colonial dignitaries. Oxford and Cambridge 
Universities conferred upon him the degree 
of D.C.L. (hon.) during this visit. He was 
sworn in an Imperial Privy Councillor 
July 6, 1897; was made an honorary member 
of the Cobden Club, and received from it a 
gold medal in recognition of his services in 
the cause of international free exchange ; was 
presented by the President of France with 
the Star of a Grand Officer of the legion of 
Honour, at Havre, July 29, 1897, being the 
highest but one of that order ; was received in 
audience by His Holiness the Pope, August 
12, 1897. While in England he succeeded 
in securing Her Majesty's Government's 
assent to the denunciation of the -commercial 
treaties with Germany and Belgium, which 
stood in the way of Canada's new tariff, 
extending a preference to the United King- 
dom. On his return to Canada he was 
accorded public receptions at Quebec, 
Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa, and received 
from Toronto and Queen's Universities the 
honorary degrees of LL.D. In November, 
1897, he went to Washington in the interest 
of better relations between the two countries, 
and was a member of the Joint Commission 
which met at Quebec, August 23, 1898, to 
discuss questions affecting jointly Great 
Britain, Canada and the United States. He 
welcomed the present King, then Duke of 
Cornwall and York, to Canada in September, 
1901, and accompanied the Royal Party 
through the Dominion; was invited, and at- 
tended, the Coronation of King Edward VII, 
in 1902, sailing June 14, arriving in Liverpool 
June 21, and in London, June 22. The Cor- 
onation, fixed for June 26, was postponed on 
June 24, but took place on August 9. On 
June 30 he attended a Colonial Conference at 
London, and on July 26 received the freedom 
of the City of Edinburgh, and was honored 
with the degree of LL.D. by the Edinburgh 
University. He was entertained by the City 
of Glasgow, July 28, visited the continent, and 
sailed for Canada on October 7, arriving at 
Quebec, October 17, and at Ottawa, October 
18, receiving a great civic welcome at the 
City Hall. On New Year's Day, 1904, he 
was presented by His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor-General, with the Fenian Raid medal 



for services as a volunteer in 1866. In 
1907 he attended the Imperial Conference 
at London, Eng., as a representative of Can- 
ada, and was accorded the freedom of London, 
Bristol, Liverpool and other cities; and in 
1911 he attended the Imperial Conference in 
England and represented Canada at the 
coronation of King George and Queen Mary. 
Following the defeat of his Party at the polls 
on September 21, 1911, on October 6 he 
tendered the resignation of himself and 
Cabinet to Earl Grey, and advised His Ex- 
cellency to call upon Mr. R. L. Borden, to 
form a Cabinet. From that date until 
his death on Feb. 17, 1919, he con- 
tinued to lead the Liberal Party, and in 
1917 celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday. 
He again led his party in the general election 
of December, 1917, but was defeated owing 
to the fact that many followers had parted 
company with him on the issue of Conscrip- 
tion. Sir Wilfrid's end came suddenly as a 
result of an effusion of blood to the brain. 
He was stricken while preparing to go to 
church on Sunday, Feb. 16, and passed away 
the following afternoon. The death of no 
Canadian had previously evoked such trib- 
utes as were printed and uttered, not only in 
Canada, but throughout the British Empire 
and the United States. His remains were 
accorded the honor of a State funeral in Ot- 
tawa on Saturday, Feb. 22, 1919, which was 
the most impressive function of its kind 
known on any continent since the death of 
Lincoln. 

Ames, Sir Herbert B., K.B., LL.D., 
M.P. (Montreal, Que.), born June 27, 
1863, at Montreal, of which city he has been 
a life-long resident. He is the only son of the 
late Evan Fisher Ames (who founded the shoe 
manufacturing concern of Ames, Holden & 
Company in 1856), and of Caroline Matilda 
Brown, his wife, who was a native of New 
York City. Mr. E. F. Ames came to Canada 
from Conway, Mass., which district he repre- 
sented in the Massachusetts Legislature in 
1852. He established himself in Montreal, 
and became one of the leading Canadian 
manufacturers. Sir Herbert Ames was edu- 
cated in the schools of Montreal, subsequently 
entering Amherst College at Amherst, Mass., 
graduating from there with the degree of 
B.A. in 1885, and having had conferred on 
him the further title of LL.D. in 1915. When 
in college he was a member of the Alpha Phi 
Fraternity. In August, 1885, after leaving 
Amherst, he entered the firm of Ames, Holden 
& Company, at Montreal, remaining in that 



business until 1893. He next interested him- 
self in municipal reform and became Pres- 
ident of an organization of young men 
known as the Volunteer Electoral League, 
which body was largely instrumental in 
bringing about the reformation of the City 
Council. In 1898 Mr. Ames was elected a 
member of the Montreal City Council for St. 
Antoine Ward, and served his constituency 
for eight years. During that period he was a 
member of the Police Commission, of the 
Road Commission and for four years served 
as Chairman of the Board of Health. In 1895 
Mr. Ames was named a member of the Coun- 
cil of Public Instruction of the Province of 
Quebec, which body supervises the entire 
school system of the province. Mr. Ames 
was first elected a member of the House of 
Commons, Canada, in 1904, having a major- 
ity of 650. In 1908 he was again elected by 
850 of a majority, and in 1911 elected for the 
third time by a majority of over 2,000; again 
re-elected in December, 1917. On the 
formation of the Borden Government, in 
1911, Mr. Ames was appointed to the import- 
ant position of chairman of the Select Stand- 
ing Committee on Banking and Commerce, 
to which all bills pertaining to Banks, Trust 
and Loan and Insurance Companies are re- 
ferred for examination and report. In 1903 
he was a member of the National Committee 
to entertain the Chambers of Commerce of 
the Empire, and with them travelled through- 
out the Dominion. In 1909, as representative 
of the Montreal Board of Trade, Mr. Ames 
attended the meeting of the Chambers of 
Commerce at Sydney, Australia. He has 
travelled extensively throughout Australia, 
Japan, Egypt, India, Europe, the United 
States and West Indies, and has given much 
time and attention to the discussion of trade 
questions, tariff and treaties with other coun- 
tries. In 1896 he wrote and published a 
monograph entitled "The City Below the 
Hill," being a sociological study of the Dis- 
trict of the City of Montreal, in which such 
questions as wages, rents, health conditions, 
etc., were carefully received. At the request 
of the Department of Commerce and Labor 
of the United States Government, Mr. Ames 
prepared an article on the same subject which 
appeared in the journals of this department. 
At the present time Sir Herbert Ames is a 
Director and Vice-President of the Ames, 
Holden, McCready Company. He is also 
one of the three gentlemen composing the 
Canadian Board of the Gresham Life Insur- 
ance Company, and also a Director of the 
Dominion Guarantee Company. He is a 




THE LATE RIGHT HONORABLE SIR WILFRID LAURIER 



member of the Mount Royal Club, the Mon- 
treal Club, the Montreal Curling Club, the 
University Club of Montreal, the Rideau 
Club, Ottawa. On May 19, 1890, Mr. 
Ames was married to Louise Marion Ken- 
nedy, daughter of Sir John Kennedy, C.E., 
of Montreal, and they occupy a residence 
on the slopes of Mount Royal. He is an 
elder in the Presbyterian Church, a Director 
in the Y.M.C.A., a governor in several 
benevolent institutions. At the outbreak of 
the great War, Mr. Ames was asked by His 
Royal Highness, the Governor-General of 
Canada, to assume the position of Honorary 
Secretary of the National Canadian Patriotic 
Fund, which provides for the wives and de- 
pendent relatives of soldiers serving in the 
armies of the Allies. On behalf of the Fund 
he has visited all parts of Canada, speaking 
and organizing, and the marked success 
to his initiative and effort. Through this 
great national benefaction there will have 
been raised and expended during the war 
period no less a sum than $45,000,000. On 
June 3, 1915, Mr. Ames had conferred upon 
him the Honor of Knighthood by His Ma- 
jesty the King, and in 1916 was made a 
Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem in England. On December 1, 
1918, the Government of Canada created by 
Order-in-Council a National War Savings 
Committee for the encouragement of thrift 
and the promotion of investment of small 
savings in government securities. Of this 
Committee Sir Herbert Ames has been ap- 
pointed Chairman. 

Robertson, John Ross, journalist. The 
direct descendant of Duncan R., chief of the 
clan of Robertson of Strowan, 1347; eldest 
son of the late John Robertson, wholesale 
dry goods merchant, Toronto, and Margaret 
R., daughter of Hector Sinclair, Stornoway, 
Island of Lewis, Scotland. He was born in 
Toronto, Dec. 28, 1841, and educated at 
Upper Canada College; married, 1st, in 1871, 
Maria Louisa (d. Aug., 1886), daughter of 
Edward Earle Matthew Gillbee, Northamp- 
tonshire, Eng., grandson of the late Rev. Dr. 
Edward Gillbee, Vicar of Barby, near Rugby, 
descendant of the noted Anthony Gilby, one 
of the translators of the first edition of the 
Geneva or "Breeches" Bible, 1560; 2ndly, 
1888, Jessie Elizabeth, daughter of George B. 
Holland, a prominent insurance man of To- 
ronto. While still at college he occupied his 
spare hours in acquiring a knowledge of the 
printer's craft, and was a fairly rapid com- 
positor; commenced a small office which he 



established in his father's residence, John St., 
Toronto, and with a few fonts of type he 
issued to the boys at Upper Canada College 
a paper under the name of the "College 
Times," which later took the name of the 
"Boys' Times," a monthly publication that 
existed 1857-60. He also published in suc- 
session to the "Boys' Times," during a year 
at the Model Grammar School, a newsy 
paper for boys called "Young Canada." 
Picking up a general knowledge of setting 
type and small job work in city offices, his 
face was a familiar one in the old "Christian 
Guardian" office, where occasionally he used 
to work off odd jobs, the composition of 
which he did in his own office; in the "Globe" 
Office, where in 1859, when opportunity of- 
fered, he sometimes used to feed one of the 
Hoe single cylinder presses when printing 
the inner pages of the four-page "Globe," 
for the inside was always printed the after- 
noon before the morning issue; in the 
"Leader," where he at times worked off on 
a small job cylinder Hoe press, the "Grum- 
bler." the weekly that he issued in 1860; the 
following year he equipped a newspaper and 
job office, and issued "Sporting Life," the 
first paper in Canada to be devoted to 
athletic sports, and subsequently continued 
the publication of the "Grumbler," a weekly 
satirical paper, at one time edited by W. J. 
Rattray, W. A. Foster, and the late Chief 
Justice Thomas Moss. He worked on the 
reportorial and advertising staff of the 
"Leader," when Charles Lindsey and Charles 
Belford were editors and Ephraim Roden, 
City Editor, continuing at the same time the 
management of his printing office. He also 
issued for a year, Robertson's Canadian 
Railway Guide, the first of its kind in Canada, 
and early in 1865 joined the Toronto"Globe " 
staff as city Editor, in May, 1866, becoming 
one of the founders of the "Daily Telegraph," 
a journal that had a high reputation among 
the newspapers of Canada. Owing to political 
complications it ceased publication in 1872. 
Prior to this, in December, 1869, Mr. Rob- 
ertson, then of the "Daily Telegraph," made a 
trip to the North- West, accompanied by Mr. 
Robert Cunningham of the "Globe. " They 
travelled by rail from Toronto to the end of 
steel at St. Cloud, Minn., and there with a 
French half-breed guide and a two-horse 
farmer's sleigh, fully equipped, began a 
journey of about 400 miles over the prairie. 
Snow storms raged and the thermometer ran 
from zero to 20 below. The travellers 
camped every night in the woods along the 
Red River, and arrived in Fort Garry after 



a perilous journey of ten days, to be locked 
up by the so-called "President" Kiel, in 
Fort Garry for a week, and only allowed 
out to see their friends in the town, under a 
guard. They both secured interesting in- 
formation, but were ordered out of the 
territory, as Riel thought they were "dan- 
gerous characters," so they left Fort Garry 
for Pembina, U.S., the boundary post, one 
day when the thermometer was about 40 
below zero. They declared they would not 
do the trip again for the whole North- West. 
Mr. Robertson, after the "Daily Telegraph" 
ceased publication, proceeded to London, 
Eng., where for three years he acted as 
resident correspondent and business repre- 
sentative of the Toronto "Daily Globe." On 
his return to Canada, 1875, he assumed the 
business management of the "Nation," edited 
by the late Prof. Goldwin Smith. It is said 
that during his managership of the "Nation," 
his friend, Mr. Goldwin Smith asked his 
opinion as to the opportunities offered for an 
independent daily evening paper in Toronto, 
and that this conversation led up to the estab.- 
lishment of the "Evening Telegram," which 
first saw light in April, 1876. It is said to 
be the only daily paper in Canada that has 
paid its way from the start. Mr. Robertson 
continued to conduct it until his death, 
May 31, 1918. "The immediate success of 
this paper," said the "Globe," in a sketch of 
his career published during his lifetime, 
"is ample evidence that he has graduated 
from a good school of journalism. Neither 
accident or luck had aught to do with his 
success. He launched out in new and 
original lines, and the good fortune that 
attended his efforts was the outcome of 
his energy, enthusiasm and experience, 
reinforced by a persistence and resource 
that would admit of no failure; it is these 
qualities that he brings to his every under- 
taking, and on the "Globe" he left behind him 
a reputation that is worthy of his later 
achievements." This was publicly demon- 
strated by his Masonic career and his 
management of that great charity the Hos- 
pital for Sick Children. From the first he 
has held high rank in the Masonic order. He 
entered the Craft in 1867, and was W.M. of 
his Mother Lodge, King Solomon's, in 1880-1, 
and of Mimico. No. 359, in 1879-80. After 
having served successively as Grand Senior 
Warden, as District Grand Master of the 
Toronto District in 1886, he became in 1890 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada, 
and was subsequently chosen Grand First 
Principal of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter 



of Canada, 1894-5, and Provincial Grand 
Prior, Ontario Centre, Sovereign Great Priory 
of Canadian Knights Templar, 1882; was 
Grand Representative of the Grand Lodge of 
England in Canada, having been appointed 
to succeed Sir John A. Macdonald in that 
office on the latter's death, 1891; indeed, 
every honor at the disposal of his fellow- 
craftsmen had been accorded him. In Sep- 
tember, 1902, in commemoration of the cor- 
onation of His Majesty King Edward, the 
Duke of Connaught (q.v.) then and now 
Grand Master, was pleased to confer the 
honorary rank of Past Grand Warden of 
England upon several eminent personages, 
including the subject of this sketch. For 
many years Mr. Robertson was president of 
the Canadian Copyright Association and 
rendered important services in that regard, 
and also Vice-President and President of 
the Canadian Associated Press, and Hon. 
President of the Toronto Press Club. He 
was present, with his wife, by invitation, 
in Westminster Abbey, at the coronation 
of King Edward and Queen Alexandra. 
As an author of Masonic works, Mr. Rob- 
ertson is well known, having written the 
"History of the Degree of the Cryptic Rite 
in Canada," etc. (1888); "History of the 
Knights Templar of Canada, from the Foun- 
dation of the Order to the Present Time" 
(1890); "Talks with Craftsmen" (1893); 
"Freemasonry in Canada," 2 vols., 1,000 
pages each (1899). He was a contributor to 
the U.C. College Memorial Volume, 1893, 
edited the " Diary of Mrs. John Graves Sim- 
coe, wife of the First Lieutenant-Governor of 
Upper Canada, 1792-6" (1911), as a press 
notice said, "The book of the year, a superb 
work," and the author and compiler of "Rob- 
ertson's Landmarks of Toronto" (7 vols.). In 
1888 the ambulance system in Toronto was 
unsatisfactory, and with a view to making it 
efficient, he imported from London, Eng., a 
modern ambulance, fully equipped, and pre- 
sented it to the city. There are about sixty 
ambulances in Canada made from this model. 
The presentation marked a new era in this 
branch of humane work. He later gave 
a collection of 4,000 Canadian historical 
pictures to the Toronto Public Library, the 
largest collection of its kind in the world, 
valued at $150,000. In January, 1917, he 
acquired and presented to the Public Library 
a magnificent ornithological collection of 
birds and game of Canada, done in water- 
color by William Pope, an English sportsman 
and artist, who resided for forty years at 
Port Ryerse, Ont. This collection of water- 



colors is pronounced by eminent Canadian 
biologists to be equal of and in some respects 
superior to, the work of Audubon. Mr. 
Robertson later added to this another collec- 
tion of Canadian birds, exquisite reproduc- 
tions in color of hundreds of birds that are 
not in the Pope Collection, so that the entire 
collection is unparalleled in Canada. He 
founded and gave three magnificent silver 
cups, made by eminent British silversmiths, 
from special patterns, for the promotion of 
cricket, hockey and bowling; but it was as 
chairman of the Board of Trustees of the 
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, that he 
will be most gratefully remembered. For 
thirty-five years he carried the chief burden 
of this important charitable institution, 
bringing to its needs not only much money 
of his own, but aiding it with the full force 
of his powers as a financier and organ- 
izer. He took an active part in the man- 
agement and visited the Hospital every day. 
His gifts to the Hospital amounted to about 
half a million dollars during his lifetime, 
for he completely equipped the Hospital 
buildings on College St. and on Elizabeth 
St., and built and founded, in connection 
with the Hospital, the Lakeside Home 
for Little Children, at Lighthouse Point, 
Toronto Island, with an accommodation 
for 250 patients and an entire hospital 
equipment; here, during the summer months, 
the suffering little ones are won back to 
health and strength with the aid of the cool 
breezes which sweep across Lake Ontario. 
Included in his benefactions to the Hospital 
he erected, equipped and presented to the 
Hospital (as a memorial of his first wife) a 
five-storey nurses' brick residence, containing 
125 rooms, which has been declared to be the 
most perfect building of its kind ever erected; 
in July, 1911, he presented to the Heather 
Club an extension to the pavilion for tuber- 
cular children in connection with the Lake- 
side Home. He built and established a com- 
plete plant for the pasteurization of milk, on 
the Hospital grounds, College St., Toronto, 
the only one of its kind in the Dominion. 
By his will the whole of his estate will 
ultimately go to this philanthropy. He was 
an all-round amateur athlete, and has been 
sometimes called "The Father of Amateur 
Hockey in Ontario"; was President of the 
Ontario Hockey Association, 1899-1905. He 
sat for East Toronto in 1896-1900 in the 
House of Commons as an Independent 
Conservative, pledged to oppose any Gov- 
ernment which would attempt to establish 
separate schools in Manitoba, to support 



the "National Policy," and to vote for 
the general good of the country. Accord- 
ing to Sir Charles Tupper (q.v.) he was in all 
respects "a model member," and a devoted 
Imperialist. In religion he was a Pres- 
byterian. In February, 1917, Mr. Rob- 
ertson was offered in the New Year's honors 
a knighthood and a senatorship, both of 
which honors he gratefully declined. A 
well-known politician said, "It is the first 
time in the history of Canada that anyone 
declined a knighthood and a senatorship in 
the same day." He was a member of the 
National, Victoria and Arts and Letters 
Clubs; Constitutional (Conservative) Club, 
London, Eng. "A born journalist" "Can- 
ada," of London, Eng.; "A truly indepen- 
dent man" D. McCarthy, Q.C.,M.P.; "Pos- 
sesses a heart as big as that of an ox" Ham- 
ilton "Spectator" ; " The good angel of many of 
Toronto's charitable institutions " Hamil- 
ton "Times"; " No man need desire a more 
noble monument than these Hospital build- 
ings, which would keep Mr. Robertson's 
memory green if all other achievements were 
forgotten" Toronto "Globe"; "He has risen 
step by step until he is to-day recognized as 
one of the keenest, most practical and suc- 
cessful publishers of the Dominion. The 
blind goddess had nothing to do with his 
success" Ottawa "Citizen." 

Hearst, Hon. Sir William Howard, 
K.C.M.G., K.C., M.P.P., Prime Minister 
of the Province of Ontario, was born on 
February 15, 1864, in the township of 
Arran, Bruce County, Ontario, the son of 
William and Margaret (McFadden) Hearst. 
His father was a farmer, and the subject of 
this sketch was educated at the public 
schools of Arran Township and later at 
Collingwood Collegiate Institute. Subse- 
quently he studied for the legal profession at 
Osgoode Hall, Toronto, and was called to the 
Bar of Ontario in 1888. He commenced the 
practice of law in Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., 
where he became prominent in municipal 
affairs and active as a speaker in the 
Conservative interest. He was an unsuc- 
cessful candidate in Algoma East in 1894, 
but in the Ontario Legislative elections in 
1902 he helped to organize a group of newly 
denned constituencies in Northern Ontario 
for Mr. (afterward Sir) James P. Whitney, 
and by his effective methods largely assisted 
in placing them in the Conservative column. 
When the Whitney Government was formed 
in 1905 Mr. Hearst was appointed Govern- 
ment agent in connection with the guaran- 



tee loan furnished to the Lake Superior 
Corporation, under the provisions of 
which the Government had a voice in the 
management of the corporation until the 
loan should be liquidated. In this capacity 
Mr. Hearst proved a business success but 
resigned the office in 1908 to contest the riding 
of Sault Ste. Marie for the Ontario Legisla- 
ture. He was successful and in September, 
1911, when Hon. Frank Cochrane resigned 
the Portfolio of Forests and Mines to become 
Minister of Railways and Canals in the first 
Borden cabinet, Sir James Whitney tendered 
the vacancy in his cabinet to Mr. Hearst. 
The latter accepted and was re-elected by 
acclamation by his constituents, whom he 
has ever since continued to represent. On 
the death of Sir James Whitney in 1914, he 
was asked to form a Government, all his 
former colleagues accepting office under him. 
He was sworn in as Prime Minister and Presi- 
dent of the Council on October 2, 1914, this 
being practically the last official act of Sir John 
Gibson, as Lieutenant-Governor. Following 
the death of Hon. James Duff in December, 
1916, he also assumed the post of Minister 
of Agriculture, retaining it for two years until 
the elevation of Hon. George Henry to the 
cabinet in 1918. In connection with his 
profession as a lawyer he was created a K.C. 
in 1908 and was elected a bencher of the Law 
Society of Upper Canada in 1912. On Feb- 
ruary 13, 1917, he was created a Knight 
Commander of the Order of St. Michael and 
St. George. The Premiership of Sir William 
Hearst has been marked by energetic adminis- 
tration and progressive legislation. He took 
office at a time of peculiar difficulty in Can- 
adian affairs, when the great war had been 
in progress for two months and when it was 
becoming evident that it would be necessary 
for a vast and united effort if it was to be 
successfully prosecuted. Perhaps his most 
radical step was his act of 1916, to prohibit 
the sale of intoxicating liquors throughout 
the province of Ontario. Subsequent orders- 
in-Council by the Federal government gave 
this act the effect of absolute prohibition. 
In 1917 he introduced and carried an act 
to confer the Parliamentary franchise on 
women. Under his leadership a compre- 
hensive measure previously enacted providing 
for compensation to workmen for injuries 
was put into successful operation and extend- 
ed. An important measure of his provides 
for loans to settlers, and he has also taken 
practical steps to deal with the housing 
problem. The policy of Sir James Whitney 
and Sir Adam Beck of government control 



and operation of the water powers of the 
province, known as the Hydro-Electric 
system has been amplified under Sir William 
Hearst. In connection with the war he 
visited the battlefront to personally as- 
certain the needs of the situation. 
Under his administration the Orpington 
Military Hospital in England was built as 
the gift of the people of Ontario. As Min- 
ister of Agriculture he organized measures 
for increased food production to meet the 
needs of soldiers and civilians overseas; and 
is taking active measures to assist in re- 
construction, by helping returned soldiers 
to settle on the land. In religion Sir William 
is a Methodist. On July 21, 1891, he married 
Isabella Jane Dunkin of Sault Ste. Marie 
by whom he has four children, Lieutenant 
Howard Vernon Hearst and Lieutenant 
Irving Hearst, both of whom are on active 
war service; and Misses Isabel and Evelyn 
Hearst. Sir William resides at Toronto. 

Meighen, Hon. Arthur, K.C. (Portage 
la Prairie, Man.), was born June 16, 1874, 
at Anderson, Blanchard Township, Perth 
County, Ont., and is the son of Joseph and 
Mary Meighen, of St. Mary's, Ont. He was 
educated at St. Mary's Collegiate Institute 
and Toronto University; received degree 
B.A. (Tor.), 1896; graduated with honors 
in mathematics. Taught High School, Cale- 
donia, Ont., 1897-98. After graduating as a 
Barrister, he entered business for himself, 
1902, and built up a large practice at Portage 
la Prairie. Bencher Manitoba Law Society 
since 1908; Bencher of Upper Canada Law 
Society since 1914. Having a capacity for 
public life, at the solicitation of his friends, he 
accepted the nomination as Conservative 
candidate for the Constituency of Portage la 
Prairie, Man., and was elected by a majority 
of 250. In 1904 Mr. Crawford, Liberal, had 
been elected by a majority of 358. In the 
general elections, September 21, 1911, when 
the Laurier Administration was defeated at 
the polls on the question of Reciprocity with 
the United States, Mr. Meighen was again 
elected by a majority of 675 over his opponent 
R. Patterson. When the position of Solicitor- 
General became vacant, June 26, 1913. Sir 
Robert Borden invited Mr. Meighen to ac- 
cept that office, and at a bye-election held 
July 19, 1913, he was returned by acclama- 
tion. In August, 1917, he became Secretary 
of State for Canada and Minister of Mines, 
and as such devised and installed the 
organizations in Canada and overseas for the 
holding of the war election of that year. On 




MAJOR-GEN. SIR. ARTHUR WILLIAM CURRIE 
Victoria. B.C. 



the formation of the Union Government 
in the autumn of 1917 he accepted the 
portfolio of Minister of the Interior, and 
was re-elected by a handsome majority 
at the general elections which ensued. 
As a parliamentarian he has been a suc- 
cess, and is held in high esteem by mem- 
bers on both sides of the House. As a de- 
bater he is considered one of the ablest, and 
always commands the respect of his colleagues 
when he rises to speak on any important 
subject. Mr. Meighen was married June 1, 
1904, to Jessie Isabel Cox, to whom were 
born three children, Theodore Roosvelt 
Meighen (1905), Maxwell Charles Gordon 
Meighen (1908), and Lillian Meighen (1910). 
In religion he is a Presbyterian; in politics, 
a Conservative. Clubs, Portage la Prairie, 
Rideau, Ottawa. Address, 21 Cooper St., 
Ottawa. 

Cockshutt, William Foster, M.P., and 

Financial Agent (Brantford, Ont.), is the son 
of I. Cockshutt, merchant of Brantford, and 
E. Foster Cockshutt, was born in Brantford, 
October, 1855, and educated at the Brant- 
ford and Gait Collegiate Institutes. Mr. 
Cockshutt's chief public efforts have been 
exercised in the direction of Imperial Unity 
and Empire Trade development. He has 
been associated largely with Boards of Trade 
and has attended several Congresses of the 
Associated Boards in London, England, 
Montreal and Sydney, Australia, and in this 
direction has been able to exercise consider- 
able influence in Empire trade co-operation. 
In the year 1909 he visited in this connection 
the Commonwealth of Australia, making a 
very extensive tour of that great country, 
and delivering addresses at all the important 
centres on the theme of Empire Trade and 
Defence, and received much credit for the 
work accomplished there. He also made an 
extensive tour of India, visiting most of the 
cities of that great member of the Empire, and 
studying the conditions of the country as 
well as trade matters and has taken part in 
two extended campaigns in Great Britain, 
addressing many large meetings at the im- 
portant centres, including London, Man- 
chester, Newcastle, Portsmouth, Bourne- 
mouth, Torquay and many other towns and 
cities, for which he was honored by letter 
from the then leader of the opposition, the 
Honorable Arthur Balfour. Mr. Cockshutt 
was a member of the first Hydro-Electric 
Commission of Ontario, appointed by the 
Municipalities and labored in that work for 
nearly three years. The report of the 



Commission has been a standard reference 
for development in this line ever since, and 
was really the basis of the development that 
has taken place more recently at Niagara 
Falls. He has travelled in most of the great 
countries of Europe, made many tours in 
the United States and the West Indies and 
Mexico, as well as having visited all the prin- 
cipal cities of the Dominion and has addressed 
meetings in a great number of them. He was 
first elected to the House of Commons in 
1904, where he served until 1908, being de- 
feated in that year and re-elected in 1911, 
and is at present serving throughout the 
present long Parliament. He is ex-President 
of the Cockshutt Plow Co. ; has been six times 
a delegate to Chambers of Commerce of the 
Empire and is connected with a large number 
of industrial enterprises, particularly in 
Brantford and also in other centres, and has 
served on many industrial boards. In 1891, 
married M. T. Ashton, daughter of Rev. 
Robert Ashton of Brantford, Principal of 
the Mohawk Institute and has six children, 
Ashton, George, Eric, Maude, Clarence and 
Phyllis. In politics he is an Independent 
Conservative and is a member of the Anglican 
Church; has been a representative of the 
Church of England at many important gath- 
erings and a member of the Huron Synod for 
close on to twenty-five years, been elected 
and re-elected to the Provincial General 
Synod on many occasions and is still an 
active member of all these Church organi- 
zations; is also Chairman of the Orphanage 
situated on the outskirts of Brantford, known 
as the Jane Laycock School; has taken con- 
siderable interest in local hospital work. 
Mr. Cockshutt had the honor of being the 
official representative of Brantford at the 
funeral of King Edward the Seventh; is 
Hon. Colonel of the 125th Battalion, C.E.F., 
and is a remote relative of the late Florence 
Nightingale, the distinguished woman who 
did such great work for the British Army 
during the Crimean War and was one of the 
first women to relieve soldiers of their suffer- 
ings on the battlefield. Mr. Cockshutt took 
great interest in the recruiting of the 125th 
Battalion at present overseas and has the 
honor of being the father of three sons, all of 
whom are serving in the army at present 
and have all reached the front at least once. 
His son, Major Ashton Cockshutt, now of the 
125th but formerly of the 10th Battalion, 
1st Contingent, was a fully qualified Lieuten- 
ant in the 103rd Calgary Rifles when the war 
broke out and immediately enlisted and went 
overseas with the first Contingent, training 



during the winter at Salisbury Plain, cross- 
ing to France in the early spring, saw heavy 
fighting at St. Julien, Festubert, and Given- 
chy, was wounded on June 6, 1915, and after 
convalescing at various military hospitals was 
given furlough back to Canada and after a 
long hard struggle regained his health and 
immediately re-enlisted with the 125th 
Battalion and is now serving at Bramshott 
Camp. Another son, Lieut. George Cock- 
shutt, also enlisted early in the war with 
the 19th Overseas Battalion, was a qualified 
Officer of the Dufferin Rifles, he served 
the 19th at the front for many months and 
was invalided home in September, 1916, 
owing to ear trouble and at the present 
time is serving with the 205th Machine 
Gun Section, and now overseas with 1st Tank 
Battalion. The third son, Lieut. Eric 
Cockshutt, was at one time Captain of the 
Cadet Corps of Upper Canada College. 
Toronto, and upon going to McGill Univer- 
sity, Montreal, later joined the Officers 
Training Corps of that University, was 
accepted as a candidate at the Royal Artillery 
School at Kingston, March, 1915, and after 
duly qualifying, trained at Petawawa, going 
overseas from there with a draft, took 
further training at Ross Barracks and Wool- 
wich and then crossed over to France and 
served with the First Divisional Artillery, 
First Canadian Brigade, and is at present 
serving with the 2nd Howitzers. Mr. Cock- 
shutt is a member of the Brantford Golf and 
Country Club, the National Club, Toronto, 
and also connected with the Empire Club 
and Imperial Institute. His recreations 
include golf, tennis and skating, and he has 
spent many summers in the Highlands 
of Canada occupying an extensive tract of 
land on the shores of Lake of Bays. 

Jette, The Hon. Sir Louis, Chief Justice 
and late Lieutenant-Governor, was born at 
L'Assomption, P.Q., on January 15, 1836. 
He is the son of the late Amable Jett6, who 
married Miss Caroline Gauffreau, the 
daughter of a wealthy planter of Guada- 
loupe, in the West Indies. Finishing the full 
course of study at the College of L'Assomp- 
tion, he became a member of the Provincial 
Bar, establishing himself as a legal practi- 
tioner in the city of Montreal, where in a few 
years he came to be recognized as an astute 
advocate as well as a prospective candidate 
for political honors. In 1870 his legal fame 
was enhanced by the part he took profession- 
ally in the famous Guibord Case, and by his 
service before the Privy Council in England 



in behalf of the Provincial Government of 
Quebec. At length, in 1872, he was elected 
member for Montreal East, defeating Sir 
George E. Cartier, the French-Canadian 
colleague of Sir John A. Macdonald. When 
the Liberal Leader, the Hon. Alexander 
Mackenzie was Prime Minister, Mr. Jette 
was offered the position of Minister of Jus- 
tice, but accepted in preference a place on 
the Bench. This he retained for twenty 
years up to 1898, when he was appointed 
Lieutenant-Governor of his native province. 
While still practising his profession in Mon- 
treal, he became Professor of Civil Law in 
Laval University and a Dean of its Faculty, 
having been honored by the same with the 
degree of LL.D., as well as by Bishop's Col- 
lege University with a D.C.L. and by To- 
ronto University with an LL.D. In 1891 he 
was appointed Chairman of the Royal Com- 
mission charged with the investigation of 
affairs connected with the Baie-des-Chaleurs 
Railway, finally refusing to agree, however, 
to the decision of his two colleagues. The 
several other offices he has filled are many 
and important. After his term as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor had expired, he was given a 
second term. And at the end of his second 
term he was appointed Chief Justice of the 
Court of King's Bench, retiring in 1911. Few 
Canadians have had so many honors conferred 
upon them as has Sir Louis Jett. These include 
his university degrees; his knighthood from 
the King of England; his Legion of Honour 
from France, of which he is a Com- 
mander; the many addresses he has re- 
ceived from his fellow-members of the Bar, 
as well as from the people; not to speak of 
his receptions by King George and his late 
royal father, King Edward, and His Holiness 
the Pope. He has been associated with the 
Societe de Legislation Comparee; with the 
Socit6 d'Histoire Diplomatique of Paris 
(France) ; was a member of the Alaska Bound- 
ary Tribunal ; a Director of the Montreal Poly- 
technic School; a member of the Council of 
Public Instruction, and an honorary member 
of the Literary and Historical Society of 
Quebec. In his earlier years he was a con- 
tributor to certain city journals, having been 
editor of one of them known as "L'Ordre." 
His "Observations Relating to the Code of 
Civil Procedure" proves him to be possessed 
of a wide vision and keen insight, both as a 
lawyer and a literary expositor. The en- 
coniums which have been passed upon his 
services as a public servant go to show 
Chief Justice Sir Melbourne Tait was in no 
way astray in his high estimate of Sir Louis 



Jette's mental culture and administrative 
astuteness, not only as a public speaker, but 
as a writer and overseer of what is in line 
with justice and dignity of rule. He was 
married in 1862, to Miss Bertha Laflamme, 
daughter of the late Touissant Laflamme, and 
sister of the Hon. R. Laflamme, the distin- 
guished barrister and advocate of Montreal. 
Lady Jette, who is an authoress in her own 
right, having written a Life of Madame 
d'Youville, won a further good name for 
herself and her distinguished husband for 
the hospitalities they were always pleased to 
extend to their guests at Spencer Wood dur- 
ing the two terms and more of Governor 
Jette's residence there as Governor. 

Kennedy, William Costello, Member 
for North Essex in the House of Commons of 
Canada, is a resident of Windsor, Ont., and 
a prominent figure in the oil and gas industry 
of the Essex Peninsula. He was born at 
Ottawa, Ont., August 27, 1868, the son of 
William and Julia (Costello) Kennedy. 
While he was yet a boy his parents moved 
to Toronto to reside and he was educated in 
the Separate Schools and De La Salle In- 
stitute, of that city. He began his business 
career in 1887 as a clerk in the offices of the 
London and Canadian Loan and Agency 
Company, Toronto, at that time one of the 
best known financial corporations of the 
province. With this company he remained 
until 1897 when he accepted an offer to go 
to Windsor, Ont., and engage in the oil and 
natural gas industry. In 1903 he became 
President of the Windsor Gas Company and 
continued in that office until 1917. At the 
present time he has many interests in the 
city of his adoption. He was President of 
the Board of Trade for the years 1909 and 
1910, and a member of the Windsor Board 
of Education from 1913 to 1918; and also a 
councillor of the municipality of Ojibway 
during the same period. From early man- 
hood Mr. Kennedy had been a Liberal in 
politics and in 1917 when Sir Robert Borden 
formed a Union Government and decided to 
carry out the policy of conscription without 
submitting the question to the Canadian 
people through the medium of a referendum, 
he was one of those Liberals who stood back 
of Sir Wilfrid Laurier in opposing such a 
course. Though at the time it was supposed 
that he was facing almost certain defeat he 
accepted the Liberal nomination for North 
Essex. He was opposed by Col. Wigle, who 
was generally regarded as a very strong 
candidate. In the two months' campaign 



that ensued Mr. Kennedy made many 
friends by his sane and reasonable methods 
of electioneering and when the ballots were 
counted on December 17, 1917, it was found 
that he had been elected by a handsome 
majority, which was not annulled by the 
vote of the soldiers overseas, details of which 
were received later. During the parlia- 
mentary session Mr. Kennedy made 
his maiden speech as a legislator in the 
budget debate, and made a very fine im- 
pression on friends and political opponents 
alike by his brilliant handling of financial 
questions. Old parliamentarians were agreed 
that it was one of the most promising initial 
speeches' ever made at Ottawa, and ever 
since the member for North Essex has been 
regarded as an important factor in the 
future of his party. His recreations are golf 
and motoring, and he is a member of the 
following clubs: Detroit, Detroit Athletic, 
Essex County Golf, Windsor and Ontario, 
Toronto. In religion he is a Roman Catholic 
and on May 8, 1907, married Glencora, 
daughter of George W. Bolton, Detroit, 
Michigan. 

Mitchell, Robert Menzies, Hon. (Wey- 
burn, Sask.), is a native of Port Union, Ont., 
where he was born October 28, 1865, the son 
of James Mitchell, a farmer, and Elizabeth 
Rodger, his wife. His father came of 
Scottish ancestry, some of whose descendants 
settled in Canada and some in Australia. 
Madame Melba, the great Australian prima 
donna, whose maiden name was Nellie 
Mitchell, is a cousin of the subject of this 
sketch. The latter was educated at Orange- 
ville High School and Trinity Medical 
School, Toronto, graduating M.D., C.M. in 
April, 1892. He at once commenced the 
practice of medicine at Dundalk, Dufferin 
County, Ont., and remained there until 
1899, when he settled at Weyburn, Sask., 
and continued in active practice there until 
1907. He was Chairman of the Weyburn 
Public School Board for ten years, and of 
the High School Board for five years. In 
August, 1908, he was elected to the Sas- 
katchewan Legislature as a Liberal for the 
constituency of Weyburn, and has been 
re-elected at each ensuing election. He was 
Chairman of the Private Bills and Railways 
Committee of the Legislature for six years, 
and was chosen as Deputy Speaker in 1916. 
Shortly afterward he was made Speaker, 
and on his return to the House after the 
general elections of 1917 was re-elected to 
that office. Though a Liberal his fairness 



11 



and impartiality in the conduct of debate 
has made him universally popular among 
politicians of all shades of opinion. He is 
a member of the following fraternal orders: 
A.F. & A.M., I.O.O.F., and C.O.F.; of the 
Weyburn Club, and the Assiniboia Club, 
Regina. His recreations are football and 
curling, and in religion he is a Presbyterian. 
On August 17, 1892, he married Margaret, 
daughter of Donald and Flora McKinnon, 
Badjeros, Ont., and his two sons have both 
served their country with honor in the 
great war. R. C. Mitchell, born July 11, 
1893, went overseas with the First Canadian 
Expeditionary Force in 1914, and D. J. 
Mitchell, born February 15, 1895, became 
a member of the Royal Air Force a year or 
so later. 

Lemieux, the Honorable Sir Francois- 
Xavier, Chief Justice of the Superior Court 
of Quebec, was born at Levis on the 9th of 
April, 1851, the son of Antoine and Henri ette 
(Lagueux) Lemieux. From the Levis College 
he entered the Quebec Seminary and after- 
wards graduated from Laval University, in 
1872, taking the degree of LL.B. In the 
same year he started on his career as a 
lawyer in the city of Quebec, taking rank 
almost immediately as an efficient pleader in 
the criminal courts of the Lower St. Law- 
rence districts. His eloquent fluency and 
finesse as a defender brought him into a 
lucrative practice; and there were in time 
few prominent cases of criminality brought 
into court in which his services were not 
sought after. Nor did his legal acumen in 
winning cases arouse any envious feeling 
against him among his legal brethren, since 
in 1896 he was elected Batonnier of the 
Quebec Bar, and in the following year 
Batonnier-General of the Provincial Bar. 
Turning his attention to politics, he sat as 
member of Levis in the Legislative Assembly 
for nine years, and afterwards as member 
for Bona venture, for three years. As an 
orator, he has a marvellous faculty on the 
hustings of carrying any large audience 
with him in his argument. At length the 
widest fame came to him when he was 
called upon to defend Louis Riel, the rebel 
leader of the half-breeds and Indians in 
the North-West, in 1885. The charge 
of high treason against the culprit was 
sustained, but his legal defender was never- 
theless acclaimed as one of the shrewdest 
lawyers that could have been engaged to 
defend him. Subsequently, in 1892, he 
was chosen to defend the Honorable Honore 



Mercier, Premier of Quebec, before the 
criminal court, under charges of malad- 
ministration. Mr. Mercier was honorably 
acquitted. Five years after the subject 
of this biography was appointed Puisne 
Judge in the district of Arthabaska and 
afterwards in Sherbrooke. From Sher- 
brooke, he was finally removed to Quebec 
where he holds the office of Chief Justice for 
the Province of Quebec. The literary 
talents of Sir Francois have been proven by 
his lectures and essays. His acumen as a 
judge has been openly acknowledged by his 
professional associates. He is a citizen well 
worthy the honor conferred upon him by 
King George and by Laval University, in 
the one case of Knighthood and in the other 
an LL.D. His father-in-law, the late 
Justice Plamondon, was a judge of the Super- 
ior Court of Quebec, Miss Diana Plamondon 
becoming his wife in 1874. 

Turgeon, The Hon. Adelard, LL.D., 
C.M.G., C.V.O., Knight of the Legion of 
Honour of France (Quebec City), President 
of the Legislative Council of the Province of 
Quebec, and a Governor of Laval University, 
was born at Beaumont in the Province of 
Quebec, on December 19, 1863. He is the 
son of Mr. Damase Turgeon, and was 
educated at Levis College and at Laval 
University. Called to the Bar in 1887, he 
opened a law office in Levis, but afterwards 
entered into partnership in Quebec with the 
prominent legal firm of Roy, Langlais & 
Godbout. His career as a parliamentarian 
was inaugurated by his election as mem- 
ber for Bellechasse in 1890, a constituency 
which he continued to represent up to 1909, 
when he retired from the Legislative Assem- 
bly to take his seat in the Legislative Council 
and assume the high office of Speaker or 
President of that body. While a member of 
the Assembly his eloquence became an attrac- 
tive feature in the many important debates 
in which he took part, alike as Member and 
Minister. As an administrator and public- 
spirited citizen, he has taken high rank as a 
publicist, having retained the favor of Belle- 
chasse from term to term for over a decade. 
During the Tercentennial Celebration at 
Quebec in 1908, he was honored by the 
Prince of Wales, now King George V, and 
was shortly afterwards chosen as one of 
the members of the National Battlefields 
Commission, which has ever since been 
engaged in laying out and beautifying 
one of the most spacious public parks in 
Canada. In 1897 he was called to join 



12 



the Marchand Government as Minister 
of Colonization, holding the same office 
in the Parent Cabinet, until he was chosen 
to act as Minister of Agriculture and 
Provincial Secretary. In 1905, the Parent 
Administration was transformed into the 
Gouin Administration, and in the latter Mr. 
Turgeon accepted the portfolio of Lands and 
Forests, holding the same up to 1909. On 
resigning his seat in the Assembly as a chal- 
lenge to some of his detractors, he was 
re-elected against Henri Bourassa by the 
electors of Bellechasse as an acknowledge- 
ment of his mature administrative abilities, 
and a warrant to his resuming his place in 
the Gouin Cabinet, as well as preparing 
the way for his being called to the high office 
of President of the Legislative Council. 
During his public career, he has held many 
important positions outside of his parlia- 
mentary functions, among these being 
President of the Quebec Land Company, 
Vice-President of the Provincial Securities 
Company, Director of the Quebec Transfer 
and Cartage Company, and member of 
the Comptoir Mobilier-Franco-Canadien 
Company. He was one of the founders 
of the Society of L'Union Liberate, and 
prominently connected with various politica 
clubs. In July, 1887, he married Miss 
Eugenie Samson, the daughter of Mr. Etienne 
Samson, of Levis. As President of the Upper 
Chamber of the Provincial Parliament, Mr. 
Turgeon has his residence within the pre- 
cincts of the Parliament Buildings, wherein 
his hospitalities form a prominent feature in 
the social life of the community when parlia- 
ment is in session, as well as at other times. 

Rhodes, Hon. Edgar Nelson, K.C., 
B.A., LL.B., Amherst, N.S., son of Nelson 
A. Rhodes and Sara D. C. Curry. Born at 
Amherst, N.S., on January 5, 1877. Edu- 
cated at Amherst Academy, Horton Colle- 
giate Academy, Acadia University and Dal- 
housie University. Degrees: B.A., Acadia; 
LL.B., Dalhousie. Member of the Board of 
Governors of Acadia University. Married, 
July 12, 1905, to M. Grace, second daughter 
of Hon. W. T. Pipes, K.C., Attorney-General 
of Nova Scotia. He is the father of the fol- 
lowing children: Edgar N. Rhodes, Jr., born 
on April 19, 1906, and Helen S. Rhodes, born 
on October 18, 1907. Appointed a King's 
Counsel in May, 1916, by the Provincial 
Government of Nova Scotia. President 
Brooklyn Lumber Company, Ltd.; director 
Nova Scotia Trust Co., Ltd.; British Am- 
erica Nickel Corporation, Ltd.; Am- 



herst Boot & Shoe Company, Ltd., and 
Amherst Pianos, Ltd. Has been, since its 
inception, a member of the Dominion Execu- 
tive and of the Nova Scotia Executive 
of the Canadian Patriotic Fund; also an 
Honorary Vice-President and member of 
the Dominion Council of the St. John's 
Ambulance Association. First elected to 
House of Commons at General Elections, 
1908; re-elected, 1911 and 1917. Elected 
Deputy-Speaker at the opening of the 6th 
session of the 12th Parliament, January, 1916. 
Was one of the Canadian representatives at 
the Imperial Parliamentary Conference in 
London, 1916, and accompanied the mem- 
bers of that body on their visit to the Muni- 
tions plants, The Fleet, and to the front. 
Elected Speaker of the House of Commons, 
January 18, 1917. Re-elected Speaker at 
the opening of the first session of the 13th 
Parliament, 1918. Member Rideau Club 
and Country Club, Ottawa. A Unionist. 
Amherst, N.S. 

White, Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas, 
P.G., M.P., Finance Minister of Canada, is 
a Canadian statesman whose meteoric rise to 
fame during less than a decade, has attracted 
more than national attention. He was born 
at Bronte, Ont., November 13, 1866, the son 
of James and Elizabeth (Graham) White. 
His father was a farmer and his early educa- 
tion was obtained at Oakville public school 
and Brampton High School. Later he en- 
tered Toronto University and graduated in 
1895 with the degree of B.A. and honors in 
classics. During his university career he won 
two first-class scholarships and a gold medal. 
Subsequently he took up a course of law at 
Osgoode Hall, Toronto and was called to the 
Bar of the province in 1899, but never prac- 
tised. During his period as an arts and law 
student he supported himself, first as a re- 
porter on the Toronto "Telegram," where his 
writings showed singular eloquence and abil- 
ity; and later, as one of the assessors of the 
Civic Assessment Department. The knowl- 
edge of real estate values and of financial 
questions which he had gained in the latter 
capacity, as well as his general abilities, led 
a group of Toronto capitalists to tender him 
in 1900, the General Managership of the Na- 
tional Trust Company, which they had re- 
cently formed. This post he held for nearly 
eleven years and during that interval attained 
a high status in the financial community. 
Though a Liberal in politics, he had never 
been known as an active politician. In the 
summer of 1911, when Sir Wilfrid Laurier, 



13 



then Prime Minister, appealed to the country 
to ratify the Knox-Fielding pact calling for 
reciprocity in natural products between Can- 
ada and the United States, Mr. W. T. White, 
as he was then known, was one of eighteen 
prominent Toronto Liberals who issued a 
manifesto against the proposals of their 
former political chieftain and decided to sup- 
port Mr. Robert Borden. He himself took 
the platform against the pact as liable to 
disturb the equilibrium of trade at a time 
when Canada was enjoying unexampled pros- 
perity. The result of this and other appeals 
was that many thousands of voters, previous- 
ly Liberal, abandoned the party lines and 
defeated the Laurier administration by a 
large majority. When called upon to form 
a government in the latter part of September, 
1911, Mr. Borden felt that it was due to the 
large number of Liberals who had supported 
him, that they should be represented in the 
Cabinet. On consultation with the leaders 
of the group, known as "Borden Liberals," 
they were unanimously of the opinion that 
Mr. White was the best available choice. 
Despite the fact that he was without previous 
political experience, the Conservative Leader 
decided to offer him the most important port- 
folio in the Cabinet, that of the Ministry of 
Finance. On Mr. White's accepting the 
office, a seat was found for him in the House 
of Commons by the elevation of Mr. George 
Taylor, M.P. for Leeds, and formerly Con- 
servative whip, to the Senate. At a by- 
election held on November 4, 1911, Mr. White 
was elected to Parliament by a considerable 
majority, despite the fact that the election 
was marked by severe personal attacks on 
him, because of his so-called "desertion" of 
the Liberal party. Mr. White answered the 
challenge by the statement that he " believed 
that there was no healthier sign of the times 
than that an honest man should change his 
party in the interests of his country." His 
maiden speech in the House of Commons, 
which was delivered on Nov. 29, 1911, was 
awaited throughout the country with great 
interest, and at once stamped him as one of 
the coming men in Canadian politics. Since 
then his budget speeches have proclaimed 
him as a financier of masterly intellect. Had 
Mr. White known in 1911 that the task lay 
before him of financing Canada's contribu- 
tion to the prosecution of the greatest war 
the world has ever known, he would possibly 
have declined office. When in 1914, Ger- 
many made war against all Europe, and Can- 
ada decided to support the Motherland, per- 
haps the gravest task of all fell on the Min- 



ister of Finance, because up to that time 
Canada had been a heavy borrower from 
the Motherland, and 'these sources of supply 
would naturally be cut off if the war continued 
for a lengthy period. In fact, in 1914, many 
eminent financiers believed that the financial 
resources of the world would not stand the 
strain of a war of more than six months' 
duration. The Canadian Minister of Finance 
however laid his plans for a long war; and in 
addition to the task of financing Canada's 
magnificent military effort, applied himself to 
the problem of keeping up Canada's trade at 
a figure that would enable her to continue 
as a belligerent. He had also the task thrust 
upon him of acting as banker for Great 
Britain, France, Russia and other belliger- 
ents, who made the finance department at 
Ottawa the clearing house for their enormous 
financial dealings with the merchants and 
manufacturers of the United States. During 
the first year of the war Great Britain was 
able to render financial assistance to Canada 
and others of the overseas dominions; and 
Mr. White floated some large loans in the 
United States. But it was already apparent 
that Canada must shortly finance herself. 
In 1916 he visited England and fully ac- 
quainted himself with the situation, and in 
the same year was created a Knight Com- 
mander of St. Michael and St. George, in 
recognition of his war services. Sir Thomas 
decided to test Canada's own resour- 
ces and floated a large war loan the 
bulk of it being taken by Canadian 
capitalists, although a certain number 
of small investors were also attracted to it. 
Up to 1917, however, there were only about 
60,000 holders of Canadian bonds in this 
country. In the summer of 1917, when Can- 
ada seemed to face a serious financial crisis, 
Sir Thomas decided to try the experiment of 
a great popular loan to be known as the Vic- 
tory Loan, on the lines of the popular loans 
floated during the American Civil War, by 
the celebrated financier Jay Cooke. He col- 
lected a superb organization, embracing all 
the leading financiers, newspapers and selling 
agencies of Canada and asked the people to 
lend their government $300,000,000, to be 
spent entirely in Canada for war purposes. 
The result passed all expectations, for the 
loan was over-subscribed by more than one 
hundred million dollars, and about 875,000 
became holders of Victory Bonds. Canada 
was enabled to do this by the fact that Sir 
Thomas and the Borden administration as a 
whole had, by adopting the policy of financ- 
ing British credits in this country, secured 



14 



enormous war orders for agricultural supplies 
and munitions for her farmers and manufac- 
turers, so that the flow of money during the 
war reached unexampled heights. The first 
Victory Loan of 1917 was fruitful of good 
results, because it enabled Canada to con- 
tinue this policy on a more extended scale, 
so that, though this enormous sum was in- 
vested in bonds, and added to the savings of 
the people, a few months later the average 
of deposits in the savings banks of the coun- 
try was larger than it had been before the 
first Victory Loan was floated. In the latter 
part of 1917 the health of Sir Thomas broke 
down as a result of his stupendous anxieties 
and labors, but after a vacation of several 
months in California he returned to this coun- 
try restored in health. In the autumn of 
1918 he decided to float another Victory Loan, 
asking, as in 1917, for $300,000,000, but set- 
ting the real objective at $500,000,000. The 
result was another enormous over-subscrip- 
tion, nearly $700,000,000 having been sub- 
scribed. That such a showing should have 
been made by a country so limited in popula- 
tion as Canada, is the best proof of his skill 
as administrator of the nation's finances dur- 
ing the most trying epoch in the history of 
the world. So thoroughly has Sir Thomas 
the confidence of his leader, Sir Robert 
Borden, that when in November, 1918, he 
left Canada for an indefinite absence as a 
member of the European Peace Conference, 
he appointed the Minister of Finance Acting 
Prime Minister, to take charge of the hazard- 
ous task of re-organizing the country on a 
peace basis. Sir Thomas is a profound stu- 
dent and thinker and a public speaker of rare 
ability. Among his activities prior to his 
removal to Ottawa were those of a member 
of the Board of Governors of Toronto Univer- 
sity and Trustee of Toronto General Hos- 
pital. He is a Methodist in religion, and a 
member of the Rideau Club, Ottawa, and the 
York and Toronto Clubs, Toronto. On Sept. 
20, 1890, he married Annie Isabel, daughter 
of Ellis Silverthorne, Jarvis, Ont. 

Price, Sir William, the prominent capi- 
talist of Quebec City, who has been engaged 
in military operations during the European 
War as Colonel of the 171st Battalion, at 
Valcartier, and later as an officer at the front, 
is a son of Mr. Henry Ferrier Price, who 
married Miss Florence Rogerson. He was 
born at Talca, Chili, on August 30, 1867. 
His uncle was the Hon. Senator E. J. Price, 
on whose death he became leading part- 
ner of the firm of Price Brothers & Com- 



pany, in 1886. He was educated at Bishops 
College School, Lennoxville, P.Q., and later 
at St. Marks School, Windsor, England. He 
has been prominent in the public life as well 
as the business circles of Quebec, having 
been a member of parliament for one of the 
electoral divisions of the place and after- 
wards Chairman of the Harbor Commission. 
It was while he held the latter office that he 
took service as one of the organizers of the 
Valcartier Military Camp, earning high 
praise from the Governor-General and the 
Militia Department, and finally receiving his 
knighthood at the hands of King George. 
As Colonel in Command he raised the 171st 
Battalion, which he took over to England in 
1916, continuing his services with the army 
as one of the officers of a Railway Construc- 
tion Battalion in France, after the 171st had 
been absorbed in other battalions, in terms 
of what is known as the Territorial System. 
No citizen of Quebec has earned higher credit 
for patriotic effort than Sir William. Setting 
aside his many business duties and resigning 
a lucrative government position, he ably 
fulfilled the duties assigned to him as a 
soldier. The responsible positions he has 
held as a business man and a public-spirited 
citizen have been manifold. Besides being 
President of the Price Brothers & Company, 
he has been Director and Honorary Chairman 
of the Union Bank; a Director of the Quebec 
Railway, Light, Heat and Power Company; 
Vice-President of the Canadian Lumber- 
man's Association; as well as being President 
of the Metis Lumber Company, the Jonquiere 
Pulp and Paper Company, the Gravel Lum- 
ber Company, and President of the Cana- 
dian Export Co. Nor did his business 
engagements hinder him from taking an 
active part in civic and charitable enter- 
prises to which he has given beneficently of 
his means. At one time he was a Governor 
of the Jeffrey Hale Hospital, President of 
the Board of Trade, Director of the Trans- 
Canadian Railway project, an energetic sup- 
porter of the movement in favor of the 
National Battlefields Park, and President of 
the Quebec Turf Club. As far back as 1887, 
he took a practical interest in local military 
affairs, having been a lieutenant in the 
Eighth Royal Rifles, and being raised to his 
captaincy before his withdrawal from that 
company in 1903. As a prelude to his activ- 
ity as a military organizer at the Valcartier 
Camp, he raised two companies for service 
during the Boer War, and encouraged rifle 
practice by presenting the Price Cup for 
competition at the targets. As a parliament- 



15 



arian he had a term of three years; but his 
earlier defeat in the Rimouski constituency 
was repeated by Quebec West in 1911. As 
has been well said of him, he has proved 
himself to be a citizen of whom any commun- 
ity might well be proud. He was married in 
1894, to Miss Amelia Blanche Smith, daughter 
of Mr. R. H. Smith, another of Quebec's most 
prominent and worthy lumber merchants. 
His family consists of four sons and two 
daughters. Sir William has since his early 
days been an enthusiast as a "portageur," 
and a keen sportsman. He owns two salmon- 
breeding rivers and extensive hunting 
grounds. While soldiering abroad, he con- 
tinued head of his firm, which has in its em- 
ployment several thousands of employees. 

Kemp, Hon. Sir Albert Ed ward (Toronto, 
Ont.), son of Robert Kemp, an Englishman, 
and Sarah A. Kemp, his wife, a Canadian; 
born at Clarenceville, Que., August 11, 1858, 
and educated at Clarenceville and Lacolle 
Academy. For many years the subject of 
this sketch has been one of the leading manu- 
facturers of Canada, and a successful busi- 
ness man. Since 1895 he has devoted con- 
siderable time to questions of public interest. 
In 1879 he married a Miss Wilson, of Mon- 
treal. He was President of the Canadian 
Manufacturers Association in 1895 and was 
re-elected in 1896. He was elected President 
of the Toronto Board of Trade for the year 
1899, and re-elected in 1900. In 1898 he 
was appointed a delegate by the Board to the 
British Association, at its annual meeting 
held in Bristol, also to the Fourth Congress 
of the Chambers of Commerce of the Empire, 
held in London, June, 1900. He is a member 
of the Board of Regents of Victoria Univer- 
sity, Toronto; a member of several Orders, 
among which is included the Orange Order, 
and many National and Philanthropic So- 
cieties. Mr. Kemp was first elected to the 
House of Commons at the general elections 
in 1900, and again returned in 1904. In 1908 
he was defeated, but was re-elected at the 
general elections in 1911 by a very large 
majority. Upon the resignation of Sir 
Wilfrid Laurier and his Cabinet on October 
6, 1911, following the defeat of the Liberal 
Party at the polls the previous September, 
he joined the Borden Government as Min- 
ister without Portfolio, and was sworn in a 
member of the Privy Council for Canada on 
October 10, 1911. After the outbreak of the 
war he was called upon by his Government 
to assume many important positions, among 
which was included the Chairmanship of the 



War Supplies Purchasing Commission, a posi- 
tion that required the keenest foresight, 
courage and action, and which practically 
demanded all his time. It later developed 
that the Government made no mistake in 
placing him at the head of this Commission, 
and great credit is due him for the manner 
in which he conducted its affairs. Upon the 
resignation of Sir Sam Hughes, Minister of 
Militia in the Borden Government, in Nov- 
ember, 1916, Mr. Kemp was asked by Sir 
Robert Borden to accept the position as 
Minister of Militia, and accepted, and on 
December 14, 1916, was re-elected by accla- 
mation by his constituents in East Toronto. 
Subsequently he was asked to accept the 
post of Overseas Minister, resident in London, 
and in this capacity he served throughout 
the momentous period of 1918, when he was 
directly in touch with Canada's Army in 
France. In social life he has many friends, 
and is always ready t6 receive them in a 
manner that draws them closer to him. As a 
public man there is a great future before 
him, and he has won praise for having ac- 
cepted office at the most critical moment in 
the history of Canada. When the greatest 
war the world has known draws to a close, 
and the history of the noble sons who fought 
and worked with the Allies in their different 
nations is written, the name of Hon. Albert 
Edward Kemp will come in for a full share of 
credit for the able and systematic methods 
adopted in helping the Motherland to con- 
tinue to wave the flag that stands for freedom 
and justice. In religion he is a Methodist. 

Cameron, Lieut.-Golonel Sir Douglas, 

K.C.M.G., ex-Lieutenant-Governor of Mani- 
toba (Winnipeg, Man.), was born in Prescott 
County, Ont., June 18, 1854, the son of 
Colin and Annie Cameron, and was educated 
at the High School, Vankleek Hill, Ont. He 
was engaged in farming in the Province of 
Ontario from 1871 to 1880, afterwards mov- 
ing to Winnipeg, in 1889. He engaged in 
various occupations until the fall of 1883, 
when he entered the lumber business under 
the firm name of Cameron & Company; later, 
Cameron & Kennedy. The business was in- 
corporated as the Ontario & Western Lum- 
ber Company in 1892, and was later changed 
to the Rat Portage Lumber Company, and 
he has acted as General Manager since 1892, 
and President since 1894. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Maple Leaf Flour Mills, a Director 
of the Northern Crown Bank, and a Director 
of the Manitoba Bridge and Iron Company. 
In 1902 he was elected to the Ontario Legis- 



16 



I 111 111 1 1 1 II 



E.J.BEAUMONT 

KITCHENER 







lature for Fort William and Lake-of-the- 
Woods, and was defeated in the general elec- 
tions of 1905 and 1908; was also an unsuc- 
cessful candidate for the House of Commons 
for Winnipeg in the Federal general elections 
in 1908. On August 1, 1911, he was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-Governor of the Province 
of Manitoba, which office he filled with the 
greatest satisfaction until succeeded by the 
present incumbent, Sir James Albert Man- 
ning Aikins, K.B. He was a Councillor for 
Rat Portage in 1891, and Mayor from 1891 
to 1894; was appointed a K.C.M.G., Decem- 
ber 31, 1913. In 1910 he was appointed 
Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of the 79th 
Highlanders, and has been very active in 
connection with the Militia since the out- 
break of the war, as well as in Patriotic work. 
He married Margaret Cameron Ferguson, of 
Vankleek Hill, in 1880, to whom were born, 
two sons and one daughter; is a member of 
the Manitoba Club and the St. Charles 
Country Club, and as a recreation is an ad- 
mirer of horses. Sir Douglas is a staunch 
Liberal in politics, and is considered, by the 
leaders of his party, as one of the ablest 
statesmen in Canada. In religion he is a 
Presbyterian and an active worker in Church 
and Social Reform movements. 

Bggin, Louis Nazaire, Cardinal Archbishop 
of Quebec, was born on January 10, 1840. 
He is the son of Charles Begin, of Levis, his 
mother's maiden name having been Miss 
Luce Paradis. His earlier education was had 
in the schools and colleges of the Quebec 
district, up to the time of his leaving for 
Europe, to prepare himself as a priest and 
professor. Ordained in Rome in 1865, he 
returned to Quebec to assume the duties of 
Professor of Theology and Church History 
in Laval University, with collateral duties for 
a time as Prefect of Studies in what is known 
as Le Petit Seminaire. It was in 1885 he 
was appointed Principal of Laval Normal 
School at the time that institution occupied 
the premises of the old Chateau Haldimand, 
over the site of which the spacious Chateau 
Frontenac now extends its massive wings. 
Three years after, he was named Bishop of 
Chicoutimi, eventually returning to Quebec 
to take up his residence in the Archbishop's 
Palace as Coadjutor of Cardinal Taschereau, 
under the title of Archbishop of Cyrene. 
From 1894 to 1898, he continued to be the 
Administrator of the Archdiocese of Quebec, 
during the declining years of Cardinal 
Taschereau. On the death of the latter, he 
succeeded him in the See of Quebec, the cere- 



mony of his official investiture in 1899 being 
an historic event of the greatest interest to 
the whole province, as was the later celebra- 
tion of his election as a Cardinal under the 
title of Saint Vitalis. The details of the 
distinguished ecclesiastic's career form a 
brilliant page in the annals of Canada. 
Alike at home and abroad, His Eminence 
Cardinal B6gin has ever been known to ful- 
fil his duty towards his Church and as a loyal 
citizen of Canada. Frequently he has been 
called to foreign parts to share in celebra- 
tions, such as the solemn coronation cere- 
monies of Our Lady of Guadalupe at Mexico 
City, in 1895, where he preached one of the 
memorial sermons, as well as at Rheims, 
during a like celebration in 1896, and at 
Grosse Isle in 1909, when he was the prin- 
cipal speaker at the unveiling of the monu- 
ment erected to the memory of the Irish im- 
migrants who had fallen victims to the typhus 
epidemic in 1847. He has also been several 
times a guest at the Vatican, having enjoyed 
the confidence of the three successive popes, 
Leo XIII, Pius X, and Benedict XV, from 
the last of whom he received his red hat. He 
has ever been a participant in all the public 
movements that tended to improve the 
social and educational conditions in his 
diocese, having taken a leading part in the 
founding of one of the leading newspapers 
of Quebec, known as "L* Action Catholique" 
and having likewise obtained the restoration 
of the Cathedral Chapter of Quebec, an 
institution that had become extinct from the 
days of the Conquest. He was prominent in 
the enterprise of unveiling a monument to 
the memory of Bishop Laval, as he has also 
been in the various efforts put forth towards 
beautifying the city with parks and monu- 
mental structures commemorative of historic 
events. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society 
of Canada, and has been honored by schol- 
astic degrees of the highest merit, bestowed 
on him by the University of Innsbruck, in 
Austria, as well as those he has received from 
Laval and the Gregorian University of Rome. 
He virtually began his professional career as 
a teacher of the young, and has never lost 
his zeal in promoting, as a Member of the 
Council of Public Instruction, the reforms 
that make for a right pedagogy in school 
and college work. His pen has been an 
active one in adding to the literature to be 
found in the library collections of his Church, 
such as "La Regie de Foi" and the "Culte 
Catholique" not to speak of his writings on 
Canadian historical topics, as for instance, 
his "Chronologic d'Histoire du Canada," his 



17 



pastoral letters on the "Three Hundredth 
Anniversary of the Foundation of Quebec," 
and his address on the "Second Centenary 
of the Death of Bishop Laval." So wide is 
his knowledge of human affairs, so urbane is 
he in his manner and so just in his decisions, 
so charitable is he in his approach to the two 
sides of a public question, that he has more 
than once been called upon to act as arbi- 
trator between employer and employees. 
During the many years of his episcopate he 
has organized over fifty new parishes, and 
has never failed to urge the building of 
spacious churches and school-houses and 
convents in the most of them. The events 
of his life have been for the most part the 
events of his native province and of Canada 
as well. Even during his travels abroad he 
always seems to have had in his mind the 
maturing of a policy of betterment for his 
people, and the fostering of good will among 
the various elements of the populations of 
Canada. 

Langelier, The Honorable Sir Francois 
Xavier, Statesman, and Lieutenant-Governor 
of Quebec, comes of very distinguished 
ancestry, and is one of the most respected, 
capable and learned of French-Canadian gen- 
tlemen, who has taken a leading part in 
the public life of Canada, and by his brilliant 
achievements, ripe scholarship and ad- 
ministrative ability, has served as an in- 
spiration and shining example to all who 
would win a high place in the confidence 
and esteem of their fellow-countrymen. 
His parents were Louis Sabastien Langelier 
and Julie Esther (Cassault). Paternal an- 
cestor came to Canada from Fresquiennes, 
near Rouen, Normandy, 1652; mother's family 
from Granville, France; born at Ste. Rosalie, 
Province of Quebec, Dec. 24, 1838. Educated 
at St. Hyacinthe College and Laval Univer- 
sity (LL.B., 1860; LL-L., avec grande dis- 
tinction, 1861; LL.D., 1878), and Paris, 
France; D.C.L. (honorary) Lennoxville, 
1903; married, first Feb., 1884, Virginie Sarah 
Sophie (died May, 1891), daughter of the late 
I. Legare, Quebec; secondly, May, 1892, Marie 
Louise, daughter of late Frederic Braun, late 
Civil Service, Ottawa; advocate, 1861; was 
one of the leaders of the Provincial Bar; 
K.C. (Province Quebec), 1878; also created 
K.C. by Dominion Government, 1880 (Mar- 
quis of Lome) ; Batonnier (district Quebec) 
1887; Batonnier-General of the Province, 
1888; practised his profession successfully in 
the city of Quebec, where he was many years, 
from 1866, a member of the law faculty, 



Laval University, and subsequently, Dean of 
the Faculty and a member of the Council of 
the University; was also Vice-President of 
the Canadian Bar Association; President of 
the Institute Canadien and President of the 
Council of the Arts and Manufacturers' As- 
sociation; served as Mayor of Quebec, 1882- 
90; entered political life as a Liberal, and a 
free trader; was in turn a follower of Mac- 
kenzie, Blake and Laurier; unsuccessfully 
contested Bagot (Local), 1871; subsequently 
successively sat for Montmagny and Port- 
neuf ; sat for Megantic (House of Commons), 
1884-87, and for Quebec Centre, 1887-1898; 
was Commissioner of Crown Lands and 
Treasurer, successively, in the local Admin- 
istration of Sir H. G. Joly de Lotbiniere, 
1878-89; one of the signers of the address 
from the Liberal party to the Pope, 1896, 
resulting in the appointment of a Papal able- 
gate to Canada; a puisne Judge of Supreme 
Court of Province of Quebec, Jan. 14, 1898; 
delegated to perform the duties of the Chief 
Justice for the District of Quebec, June 6, 
1906; as Chief Justice, became a member of 
the Board of Arbitrators, appointed 1891, for 
the settlement of accounts outstanding at 
Confederation between the Dominion and 
the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario; acted 
as Administrator of the Government of 
Quebec during the absence of Sir L. A. Jette, 
1903; knighted by his late Majesty King 
Edward, 1907; and made a Knight of Grace 
in the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in Eng- 
land in 1912; appointed Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor, Province of Quebec, May, 1911; 
died February 8, 1915; has served as 
a Royal Commissioner on several occa- 
sions; was prominently identified with 
the movement for the organization of the 
Anti-Alcoholic League and its first Presi- 
dent, 1907; was also President of the special 
committee appointed in connection with the 
tercentenary of the foundation of Quebec, 
1906. Elected F.R.S.O., 1908; President, 
1910; in addition to other legal productions, 
is the author of "Traite de la preuve, en 
matiere civile et commerciale," and of " Cours 
de Droit Civil de Quebec." Is the father of 
the following children: Juliette, Braun, who 
took service in the present war, was wounded 
three times, got the military cross for his 
bravery, and was promoted captain in 
the 22nd Batt. French Canadians; Fran- 
coise, Marc and Gerard. His Honor is a 
member of the following clubs: The Quebec 
Garrison and The Canadian. In religion, a 
Roman Catholic. 



Lynch, Hon. William Warren, B.C., 
Q.C., D.C.L., LL.D., was born near the 
Village of Bedford, County of Missisquoi, 
Province of Quebec, on September 30, 
1845. His father, Thomas Lynch, came from 
the County of Cavan, Ireland, about the year 
1830. He served during the Canadian Re- 
bellion in the Shefford Troop of Cavalry, and 
died at Knowlton, Brome County, on 
March 19, 1883. His mother, Charlotte 
R. Williams, was born at Stukely, County of 
Shefford, Province of Quebec, in the year 
1805. Her parents were descendants of U.E. 
Loyalists, who came from the State of Ver- 
mont at the close of the American Revolu- 
tionary War. She died in 1885. Mr. Lynch, 
after taking advantage of the elementary 
schools in the vicinity of his birthplace, went 
to Stanbridge Academy in 1858, then a most 
flourishing institution, under the direction of 
Hobart Butler, M.A., where he prepared him- 
self for a university course. During his last 
years at Stanbridge he acted as assistant 
teacher to Mr. Butler, and then entered the 
University of Vermont, Burlington, in Aug- 
ust, 1861, but owing to the Civil War, which 
had shortly before broken out, the university 
course was considerably affected, and Mr. 
Lynch did not continue his studies there. In 
September, 1862, he entered the Arts Course 
of McGill University, Montreal, having 
secured one of the scholarships offered at a 
competitive examination. His health fail- 
ing, he was obliged to abandon his studies 
before the Christmas examinations. He then 
engaged in school teaching in winter, and 
worked on his father's farm in summer. In 
1865 he was admitted to the study of the law, 
and pursued his studies in the office, first of 
S. W. Foster, of Knowlton, and afterwards 
of John Monk, of Montreal. He took his 
degree of B.C.L. at McGill in May, 1868, and 
secured the Elizabeth Torrance gold medal, 
and was admitted to practice in June. The 
following year he commenced the practice of 
his profession at Knowlton, and subsequently 
removed to Sweetsburg, the chef lieu of Bed- 
ford District. In the fall of 1870 he assumed 
the editorial control of the " Observer," which 
was started at Cowansville, an adjoining vil- 
lage, and which became an influential organ 
of public opinion in the district. In June, 
1871, during the provincial elections, which 
were then in progress, he went to Knowlton 
to report for his paper the proceedings of 
nomination day. There were then two can- 
didates in the field, and to the surprise of 
Mr. Lynch, and without his interference, 
both candidates withdrew, and he was de- 



clared member elect for the County of Brome. 
During the Fenian troubles of 1866 Mr. 
Lynch took an active part in the formation 
of a company of volunteers at Brome, of 
which he became lieutenant, and remained 
such until his resignation in 1871. During 
the Fenian raid of 1870 he was at the front 
with his battalion. In keeping with the 
promise made to his electors, he became a 
resident of the County of Brome, returning 
to Knowlton in the fall of 1871. He has held 
successively the offices of school commissioner 
and chairman of that body for a number of 
years; and was also the Mayor of the Town- 
ship of Brome, and Warden of the County. 
In May, 1874, he married Ellen Florence, 
eldest daughter of J. C. Pettes, a successful 
merchant of Knowlton, by whom he has two 
children. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and was some years since, deputy 
grand master for the District of Bedford. 
Mr. Lynch early in life identified himself 
with the Conservative party, to which he has 
ever borne faithful allegiance. He took an 
active part in the political discussions in the 
Legislature of Quebec on the subject of the 
dismissal of the De Boucherville Government, 
by M. Letellier, and it was upon a motion 
made by him that the Joly Government were 
defeated on October 30, 1879. He was 
made a Q.C. by the Joly Government in 1879, 
which was subsequently ratified by a similar 
title conferred upon him by the Federal auth- 
orities in 1881. When M. Chapleau assumed 
office as premier of the province, he invited 
Mr. Lynch to the council as Solicitor-General, 
which appointment was subsequently ratified 
by the electorate of Brome. On the abolition 
of the office of Solicitor-General, Mr. Lynch 
was appointed Commissioner of Crown Lands, 
on July 31, 1882. In September, 1887, 
his constituents tendered him a reception in 
the shape of a picnic, which was attended by 
a large number of public men, and at which 
a presentation of a handsome sum of money 
was made to him by his political admirers and 
friends. He then went to Montreal to resume 
the practice of his profession, in partnership 
with the present Mr. Justice Archibald and 
Mr. Geo. G. Foster, K.C. Shortly after, he 
was appointed by the Dominion Government 
a Commissioner, in conjunction with the late 
Mr. Justice Burridge, then Deputy Minister 
of Justice, and Mr. Dingman, of the Depart- 
ment of the Interior, to settle the Indian title 
to certain lands in the Township of Dundee, 
County of Huntington, and continued to hold 
that office during the successive administra- 
tions of Messrs. Mousseau, Ross and Taillon, 



19 



and until the defeat of the last-named admin- 
istration in January, 1887. During the ses- 
sion of 1887 he was named by the House of 
Assembly one of the Commissioners to per- 
fect the revision of the provincial statutes. 
He was one of the leaders of the Opposition 
to the Government of the late Honore Mercier 
until his appointment to the bench in July, 
1889, as Judge of the Superior Court for the 
District of Bedford, his native district. He 
has always taken a warm interest in educa- 
tional matters, was twice President of the 
Provincial Association of Protestant Teach- 
ers, was for some years a member of the 
Protestant Committee of the Council of Pub- 
lic Instruction, and was the first President of 
the District of Bedford McGill Graduates' 
Society. In June, 1883, the University of 
Bishops' College offered him the degree of 
D.C.L., but owing to absence it was not con- 
ferred. In 1904, McGill University gave him 
the degree of LL.D. He is a devoted mem- 
ber of the Church of England and has often 
been a delegate to its synods. Since he be- 
came judge he has devoted his leisure to the 
promotion of various matters of local con- 
cern, such as good roads, historical societies 
and the Knowlton Conference. 

Parmelee, William George, LL.D., 
D.C.L. (Quebec City), English Secretary of 
the Department of Public Instruction, and 
Joint Secretary of the Council of Public In- 
struction of the Province of Quebec, was 
born at Waterloo, in the Eastern Townships, 
in 1860. He is a son of Rufus E. Parmelee, 
whose father had come originally from the 
United .States. On the mother's side, the sub- 
ject of this sketch is of Scottish descent. He 
received his early education at Waterloo Acad- 
emy, finally graduating as a teacher from the 
McGill Normal School of Montreal. He 
afterward became head master of the Model 
School Department and, later, a Professor 
of the Normal School. Previous to his 
holding these positions, he had been a mem- 
ber of the staff of St. Francis College, Rich- 
mond, P.Q., from 1881 to 1885. From 
McGill Normal School he was selected for 
his present position in 1891; and for more 
than a quarter of a century he has been 
in touch with the educational affairs of Que- 
bec. He has proved himself a departmental 
administrator of widely recognized profes- 
sional acumen. The academic honors that 
have been bestowed upon him from the time 
of his extra-mural course at Queen's Univer- 
sity, from which he graduated in 1889, stand 
as an endorsation of his scholarship, these in- 



cluding a D.C.L. from Bishop's College 
in 1902, and an LL.D. from McGill 
University in 1911. He has likewise been 
honored by being chosen more than once, 
President of the Teachers' Association of his 
native province; President of the Literary 
and Historical Society of Quebec for three 
several terms; President of the Young Men's 
Association; a delegate to the Federal Coun- 
cil of the United Empire Educational League 
in London, England, and later on as a dele- 
gate to the Imperial Conference on Educa- 
tion in the same centre. Taking an interest 
in local military affairs he was awarded a 
Captaincy in the 8th Royal Rifles Company, 
and later on received the honorary rank of 
Colonel. Nor has he neglected literary pur- 
suits in his spare moments, having had pub- 
lished two of his papers read before the 
Literary and Historical Society, and entitled, 
"Wolfe as a Man and a Soldier," and "The 
Fraser Highlanders." He has also won high 
literary credit as joint-collaborateur with Dr. 
Arthur Doughty, the Dominion Archivist, 
in six volumes dealing with the "Siege of 
Quebec." In 1886 he married Miss Louise 
Foss, of Waterloo. Their family consists of 
four daughters. 

McCorkill, The Hon. Justice John 
Charles (Quebec City), was born in the 
town of Farnham, P.Q., on August 31, 1854. 
His father was Mr. Robert McCorkill, of 
Farnham and the Eastern Townships. His 
mother's maiden name was Miss Margaret 
Meighen. His wife is a daughter of the Hon. 
Senator Leonard of London, Ontario, their 
marriage having taken place in 1884. From 
the district elementary school, he entered 
the classes of the McGill Model School, and 
in time obtained a certificate to teach from 
the McGill Normal School. For a period he 
acted as Principal of the Montreal British 
and Canadian School, thereafter taking his 
degree of B.C.L. as a preliminary step to his 
becoming a lawyer. At first he became a 
partner in the Greenshields legal firm, but 
subsequently removed to the Bedford Dis- 
trict and finally opened a central office at 
Cowansville. While rising to a high rank as 
an advocate, he was encouraged to enter the 
political field, and after suffering defeat 
twice in succession, was at length elected 
to the Legislative Assembly as the repre- 
sentative of Missisquoi. In time he was 
appointed Legislative Councillor for the 
District of Bedford, where he was so appre- 
ciatively known as a public-spirited citizen 
and an able lawyer, who had held the posi- 



20 




HON. 



P. E. BLONDIN 
Ottawa 



tion of Batonnier of the Bar and other offices 
of rank. In 1903, he resigned his seat in the 
upper chamber of the Provincial Parliament, 
to become Provincial Treasurer in the 
Parent Administration, and was elected to 
the Legislature by the Constituency of 
Brome. This office he held for three years, 
up to the time of his appointment as a 
Judge of the Supreme Court for the District 
of Quebec. While Treasurer, his term 
was marked by important legislation, such 
as the revision of the taxation laws relating 
to banking institutions and succession 
duties, which resulted in a surplus for. the 
province of half-a-million dollars. After 
the date of his appointment to the Bench, 
he was made a Joint Commissioner with 
the Hon. Mr. Mathieu and Mr. L. J. 
Gauthier, to revise the Municipal Code of the 
Province of Quebec. His record as a legal 
practitioner and advocate, as well as a finan- 
cier and public-spirited citizen, has been a 
full one, wherever he has resided, in Montreal, 
in the Eastern Townships, or in the city of 
Quebec. For several years he was Mayor of 
Cowansville, where he was also President of 
the Missisquoi Historical Society. He has 
been President of the Literary and Historical 
Society of Quebec, and is a member of the 
Council of Public Instruction. Even in 
military affairs he has taken an active part, 
having been Captain as well as Major in the 
Militia between the years of 1879 and 1887. 
His literary tastes have expressed themselves 
in the historical papers he has written from 
time to time. Altogether the Hon. Justice 
McCorkill may truly be spoken of as posses- 
sing a forceful and clear-visioned personality, 
able and willing always to share in the civic 
and provincial advancement of the commun- 
ity in which he lives or has lived. 

Taschereau, The Hon. Louis Alexander 

(Quebec City), Minister of Public Works for 
the Province of Quebec, is the son of the 
Hon. Justice Taschereau, who married Miss 
Josephine Caron, the daughter of the Hon. 
Justice Caron, formerly Lieut.-Governor. 
He was born on the 5th of March, 1867. He 
was educated at the Quebec Seminary and 
Laval University, graduating as a Licentiate 
of Law in 1889, preliminary to his entering 
upon his professional career as partner of 
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, now Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of Canada. Later he 
became associated with what is now the legal 
firm of Taschereau, Roy, Cannon, Parent & 
Casgrain. As a lawyer, Mr. Taschereau 
came at once to be recognized as one of the 



leading legal practitioners of the district, 
among his successes being the part he took 
in the Gaynor and Greene extradition case 
in 1902. In addition to his duties as an 
advocate he took part in civic affairs, and 
for a time held a seat as an alderman of 
his native city. In 1900, he was elected 
for the constituency of Montmorency in 
the Legislative Assembly, and has con- 
tinued ever since to be its representative. 
Seven years after, with his skill in debate, 
duly recognized by his parliamentary as- 
sociates, he was selected to take his place 
in the Gouin Administration as Minister 
of Public Works and Labor. His admin- 
istrative ability has been in keeping with 
his statesmanlike insight and foresight, and 
his skill in debate. His advice is ever in 
demand when any legal technicality has 
to be examined and explained to both 
sides of the Assembly. In fact, he has taken 
a high place as the Premier's ally in all mat- 
ters pertaining to the progress of the prov- 
ince, while he has won the highest credit 
within parliamentary circles and beyond 
them, for the efficiency of the Department in 
his charge. He has been a member of the 
Battlefields Park Commission since the day 
it was organized, and is likewise a Governor 
of the Catholic Church Society. He is a 
nephew of the late Cardinal Taschereau, 
Archbishop of Quebec. In 1891 he married 
Miss Adine Dionne, daughter of the Hon. E. 
Dionne, of the Legislative Council of Quebec, 
by whom he has had three sons and two 
daughters. Altogether he has made a record 
for himself in his native city and province as 
an able advocate, an astute governmental 
administrator, and a loyal citizen. Sprung 
from a distinguished and talented family, his 
career as a public man has added to its fame. 

Ross, James Gibb (Quebec City), Senator 
of Canada, was born in Carluke, a village of 
Lanarkshire, in Scotland, on April 18, 1819. 
He came out to Canada in 1832, in company 
with his elder brother, John Ross; and, after 
attending one of the private schools of Que- 
bec for a year or two, he entered the business 
office of his uncle, Mr. James Gibb. At this 
time the firm of James Gibb & Company was 
one of the largest of the wholesale grocery 
and provision houses in what has always been 
known as the Lower Town of Quebec; and 
there the Scottish lad laid the foundation of 
his business career, which was eventually to 
place him among the wealthiest merchants 
of Canada. In 1843, Mr. Thomas O. Gibb, 
son of Mr. James Gibb, returned to Quebec, 



after finishing his school education in Edin- 
burgh; and in the same year a company was 
formed in which Thomas O. Gibb, John Ross, 
and James G. Ross were the partners, until 
the first mentioned of the three died in 1845. 
Eventually.on Mr. James Gibb's death, the two 
Ross brothers took the business name of Ross 
& Co., and as such continued in active opera- 
tion up to the year 1868. By this time the 
firm had amplified its business by other 
branches of trading; and in 1868 the older 
of the two members of the firm withdrew to 
conduct a business of his own, for the most 
part confined, as it was, to the grocery and 
provision trade. With him was associated 
his youngest brother, Frank Ross. At the 
time of the Senator's death, in 1888, the firm 
of Ross & Co. had developed into one 
of the wealthiest business concerns in the 
country, having depots for the distribution of 
their wares in nearly all the larger cities of 
Canada and the United States. With mil-, 
lions at his command, the sole partner of the 
firm took an active interest in shipbuilding 
and railroad construction. Nearly every 
branch of industry was enhanced by the 
money advances of the multi-millionaire. 
The shipping interests, especially, felt the 
effects of his business acumen, especially when 
he took in charge for sailing purposes the 
ships the building of which he had assisted 
with advances of money, but which, for 
market reasons could not for a time be 
sold. The railroads which came in for 
assistance included the Quebec and Lake 
St. John Railway and the Quebec Central, 
both of which may trace their success 
as paying concerns to the financial fore- 
sight of Senator James G. Ross, who thus 
both directly and indirectly aided the 
colonization of the country and its trading 
interests by the assistance he extended to 
their promoters. Nor was it easy for 
one so prominent in the commercial in- 
terests of the ancient capital to refuse to be 
nominated as a candidate for parliamentary 
honors. On two several occasions he was 
called upon to contest the electoral division 
of Quebec Centre, once in the Conservative 
interest in 1872, against Mr. Cauchon, after- 
wards Governor of Manitoba, and a second 
time as an Independent, in 1878, against Mr. 
Malouin. In both instances he was defeated, 
though afterwards he was considered worthy 
to succeed the Hon. David Price as Senator, in 
1884. He was unmarried ; but in the families 
of his two brothers, John and Frank, he is 
notably represented to-day by Mr. John 
Theodore Ross, the only son of the former, 



and Frank W. Ross, surviving son of the 
latter, both of whom have evidently in them 
the desire inherited from their uncle, James 
G. Ross, to advance the interests of their 
native city. The Hon. Senator Ross was a pro- 
minent citizen other than in business and poli- 
tical circles. He took an interest in school im- 
provements and church advancement. He 
was for many years President of the Quebec 
Bank, a Director of the Quebec High School, 
and an elder in Chalmers Church. As may 
well be said of his beneficent uncle, James 
Gibb, Senator James Gibb Ross was a liberal 
benefactor to the institutions of Quebec, both 
before his death and after it. He accumu- 
lated his millions in Peter Street, and every 
Protestant institution in the city of his 
adoption benefited by his wealth in some 
way or another. 

Gouiii, The Hon. Sir Jean Lomer, 
K.G.M.G., LL.B., LL.D., Premier of the 
Province of Quebec, was born at Brondines, 
of the County of Portneuf, on March 19, 
1861. He comes from a French-Canadian 
stock whose lineage can be traced as far back 
as 1662. His father was J. N. Gouin, M.D.,who 
married Miss Victoire Seraphine Fugere in 
1852. In his earlier years, their son Lomer be- 
came a pupil of Sorel College, thereafter enter- 
ing as an under-graduate the College of Levis, 
and afterwards graduating at Laval Univer- 
sity. His collegiate honors include the de- 
gree of LL.D., received successively from 
Laval in 1902, from Bishop's College Univer- 
sity in 1913, and from Toronto University in 
1915. He was called to the Bar in 1884, after 
studying law under the late Sir John Abbott 
and the Hon. B. Laflamme. He had thus 
been a student under the supervision of a 
Prime Minister of Canada and of a Minister 
of Justice. During his partnership with 
Judge Pagnuello and the Hon. Premier 
Honore Mercier, whose daughter Eliza he 
married in 1888, he came into prominence in 
the law courts of Montreal, being finally elect- 
ed Batonnier-General in 1910, after having 
served a term as Alderman of that city, and 
elected a Member of the Local Legislature. 
In 1900 he became Commissioner of Public 
Works in the Parent Administration for four 
years. Resigning his place in the Parent 
Cabinet in 1904, he was called to the premier- 
ship the year after, holding the portfolio of 
Attorney-General up to the present time. 
During the general election of 1916 his ad- 
ministration of public affairs was upheld by a 
majority never before vouchsafed to a Que- 
bec premier; while the list of honors con- 



ferred upon him since his advent to power is 
perhaps one of the longest on record. He 
was knighted by the reigning Sovereign of 
the Empire at the Quebec Tercentenary 
Celebration of 1908, and was made a 
K.C.M.G. in the year 1913. Ever animated 
with a desire to see his native province an 
advancing factor in the general progress of 
the Dominion of Canada, as well as of the 
British Empire, he has been diligent in pro- 
moting the public works that have to be 
fostered within the counties and parishes, 
as well as in the cities and larger towns, in 
line with the general advancement of the 
commonwealth. He has done his best to 
improve the educational conditions of the 
communities, not forgetting likewise to im- 
prove the highways and the industrial activ- 
ities all over the province. His zeal in estab- 
lishing and liberally subsidizing Industrial 
Schools and Technical Colleges has become a 
proverb in all the provinces; while, in view 
of his support of a provincial grant 
of one million dollars to the Canadian Patri- 
otic Fund during the time of war, his reputa- 
tion as a broad-minded Canadian citizen has 
been placed beyond all questioning. Senator 
David has pronounced a eulogium on Premier 
Gouin that places him in rank, if not beyond, 
those who have preceded him in the Quebec 
premiership. Within these war-times he has 
advocated a National War Service in the 
most fervent terms, illustrating Senator 
David's estimate of his statesmanship as 
that of a highly capable servant of the State, 
in his impartial judgment, prudence, elo- 
quence, and administrative acumen. His 
share in the Bonne Entente mission to 
Ontario in 1917, to plead, with others, 
for a closer mutual understanding between 
the two leading races in Canada, has given 
an eclat to his statesmanship. He would 
see Canada a unit while aiding the mother 
lands in Europe by force of arms, and 
thus uphold the prestige of the British 
Empire. And the various offices Sir Lomer 
Gouin has held from the day he entered 
public life in 1891, indicate the strenuous 
part he has played as a public-spirited 
Canadian. In 1891, he was President 
of the National Club in Montreal, which 
was virtually "the Executive of the Liberal 
Party" in the Montreal district. That year 
he was defeated in his first election contest. 
Six years after he was elected representative 
for the St. James Electoral Division of Mon- 
treal, and thereafter has been member for 
his native County of Portneuf. He has con- 
tinued to be a Member of the Council of 



Public Instruction since 1898; became Presi- 
dent of the American Fish and Game Pro- 
tection Association in 1910; was Chairman 
of the Ottawa Inter-provincial Conference in 
1906, and afterwards a delegate to a like 
Conference in 1910. As from one "learned 
in the law," his edition of the Municipal 
Code is a standard work; while no one has 
so well at his command the details of parlia- 
mentary law-and-order as he has, as leader 
of the House of Assembly. The record of 
his regime is concisely given in a neat little 
volume published in 1916, under the title of 
"Le Gouvernment Gouin et Son Oeuvre." 
Another volume referring to the federal sub- 
sidies in favor of the provinces was published 
in 1903, giving the amplified record of an 
address delivered by Sir Lomer under the 
heading of "The Actual Question." These 
volumes, together with the reports of his 
speeches from time to time, indicate how Sir 
Lomer Gouin has ever had in mind the 
public interest seeing to the improving of 
the conditions in his native province, even 
to the widening out of its area as in the case 
of the annexation of the District of Ungava, 
building government works, and highways, 
and bridges, and never forgetting to urge it 
to keep pace with its sister provinces in the 
federacy which includes them all within the 
Dominion of Canada. In seeing to the ad- 
vancement of the province he has in charge 
as premier, he has made fame for himself as 
a loyal statesman and dignified scholar, duly 
honored by the King and his country's seats 
of learning. He was married to Miss Alice 
Amos, his second wife, in 1911. By his first 
wife he has had two sons Leon, who is 
practising law in Montreal; and Paul, who 
is a lieutenant on active service. 

Dray ton, Sir Henry Lumley, K.C., K.B., 

Chief Commissioner, Board of Railway Com- 
missioners for Canada, was born in Kingston, 
Ontario, April 27, 1869. He is the son of 
Philip Henry Drayton, who came to Canada 
with the 16th Rifles of England, and Margaret 
S. (Covernton) Drayton. He was educated 
in the schools of England and Canada. 
On September 14, 1892, he married Edith 
Mary Cawthra, daughter of the late Joseph 
Cawthra, Toronto, and has three daughters. 
Sir Henry Drayton was called to the 
Ontario Bar in 1891 and soon became recog- 
nized as one of the leaders in the legal pro- 
fession. In September 1893, he was ap- 
pointed Assistant City Solicitor for Toronto, 
and when he resigned in September, 1900, 
he was presented with a gold watch in 



23 



recognition of the valuable services he had 
rendered to the city in his legal capacity. 
He immediately (September, 1900), formed 
partnership with Charles J. Holman, K.C., 
and in January, 1902, was appointed Counsel 
to the Railway Committee of the Ontario 
Legislature by the Chairman, the Hon. 
John Dryden. The following year he was 
appointed representative of the Ontario 
Government for the purpose of adjudicating 
upon and paying, on behalf of the Govern- 
ment, the claims of workmen of the different 
Clergue Companies operating at Sault Ste. 
Marie, and on January 29, 1904, he was 
appointed County Crown Attorney for the 
County of York, on the recommendation of 
the Hon. J. M. Gibson. In 1905 he was 
appointed Counsel on Civic Bribery Investi- 
gation, Toronto, the Civic Investigation 
Court House in 1906, the Public School 
Board Investigation, and also the Civic 
Investigation into the Medical Health 
Department. January the 20th, 1908, he 
was created K.C. He resigned his position 
as County Crown Attorney in 1909, and the 
following year, April 25, 1910, was appointed 
Counsel for the Corporation of the City of 
Toronto. May 11, 1911, he was appointed 
as representative of the Ontario Government 
a member of the Toronto Power Commission. 
When on July 1, 1912, he was appointed 
Chief Commissioner of the Board of Railway 
Commissioners for Canada the Toronto City 
Council presented him with an illuminated 
album. In July, 1913, he was appointed 
Commissioner to deal with the ques- 
tion of Control ofOcean Freight Rates. 
In 1917 Sir Henry Drayton was appointed 
a member of the Drayton-Smith-Acworth 
Commission which investigated the Cana- 
dian railway situation. When the work of 
the Commission was completed and their 
report presented to the Government, he, 
as his fee for his able services on the Com- 
mission, was presented with a cheque for 
$15,000 by the Dominion Government. He 
refused to accept payment and returned 
the cheque. Acknowledging the receipt of 
the returned cheque the then Minister of 
Railways and Canals, Hon. Mr. Cochrane, 
wrote in part as follows: "I can as- 
sure you that your very patriotic 
attitude in this matter is most sincerely 
appreciated by the Government at a time 
when every dollar which can be saved is of 
material importance to the successful 
prosecution of the war." In very 
many other ways since the war 
commenced in 1914, Sir Henry Drayton has 



rendered valuable services financially, as a 
member of committees and in the direction 
of transportation, supply and other matters. 
He is ever to the fore to do all he can to help 
Canada successfully bear the burdens 
financially, commercially and otherwise 
that this war has forced her to carry and no 
one has ever rendered such services more 
freely and willingly. Sir Henry Drayton 
is a member of the Toronto, Toronto 
Hunt, Ontario Jockey, Rideau, Ottawa 
Royal Golf, Country (Ottawa), Con- 
naught Park Jockey (Ottawa), and the 
Kaministiquia (Fort William) Clubs. 
His address is 233 Metcalfe St., Ottawa. 

Dobell, Sir Charles Macpherson, 
K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. (Quebec City), 
Lieutenant-General of the British Army, is a 
son of the late Hon. R. R. Dobell, lumber 
merchant, of Quebec, and a grandson of 
Senator Sir David Macpherson, at one 
time Speaker of the Canadian Senate. He is 
a native of Quebec, having been born on 
June 22, 1869. Receiving his elementary 
education at the Rev. Canon Von Iffland's 
Private School, he became a student at the 
Quebec High School and later at the Charter- 
house School in England, previous to his 
entering the Royal Military College at 
Kingston, Ontario. From that institution 
he graduated in 1890. After serving as a 
Lieutenant in the Hazara Expedition, wherein 
his bravery was mentioned in dispatches 
and by the award of a medal and clasp, 
his advancement has proceeded steadily 
with his experience in active service. He 
took part with the International Forces in 
the occupation of the Island of Crete, and 
was there raised to the rank of Major. Dur- 
ing the South African War, he joined the 
Canadian Contingent, and won his D.S.O. 
with other honors, during the several engage- 
ments of the campaign. In command of a 
regiment of mounted infantry he shared in 
conflict after conflict with the Boers, taking 
part in the relief of Kimberley, and in the 
engagements of Paardeberg, Poplar Grove, 
Prefontaine, Johannesburg, Pretoria and 
Diamond Hill, and many others. After 
serving in Nigeria, he was given the rank of 
Lieut.-Colonel, his name from time to time 
occurring in the dispatches to the War Office. 
As an interruption to his service in Nigeria, he 
was called to China during the Boxer uprising, 
and was present at the relief of Pekin by the 
International Forces. On his return from 
China, he was appointed by the War Office to 
the South African Intelligence Department, 



24 




S. R. PARSONS 
Toronto 



and became an A.D.C. to the King. Later 
on he was gazetted as Inspector-General of 
the West African Field Force, with the rank 
of Brigadier-General, a position he was hold- 
ing when Germany declared war in 1914. 
Since then he has gained further distinction 
and promotion. With a combined force of 
French and English troops numbering nearly 
ten thousand, he shared in the conquest of 
the German Colony of the Cameroons, a ter- 
ritory covering an area in all of 300,000 
square miles. On New Year's Day, 1916, 
the order of C.M.G. was bestowed upon him 
by King George, and eventually, at the close 
of the Cameroon Expedition, he received 
the honor of K.C.B., as well as the Legion 
of Honor from the President of the 
French Republic, being at the same time 
gazetted as a Major-General of the British 
Army. A still later event in his career as a 
"soldier of the king" led to his being placed 
in command as Lieut-General of the Coast 
Forces that were to advance from the Suez 
Canal into Palestine. Altogether Sir Charles 
Dobell's career has been a splendid one. 
Hailing as he does from a district in Canada 
that has provided several military officers of 
high rank to the forces of the Motherland, 
his fellow-Canadians cannot but be proud of 
the record made by one of their own as a 
soldier and commander. He was married in 
1908, to Mrs. (Elsye Bankes) Campbell, 
daughter of the late Lieut. -Colonel Meyrick 
Bankes, of London, and widow of Captain 
F. L. Campbell, R.N. His two brothers, 
Mr. William Molson Dobell, lumber mer- 
chant, and Mr. Alfred Dobell. advocate, as 
well as his uncle, Mr. William Molson Mac- 
pherson, banker, are prominent citizens of 
the city of Quebec. 

Garneau, Sir George, formerly Mayor of 
Quebec City, and one of the prominent mer- 
chants and capitalists of that city, who has 
been for many years President of the National 
Battlefields Commission, is a son of the late 
Hon. Pierre Garneau, Member of the Legis- 
lative Council of the Province of Quebec, and 
several times member of the Provincial 
Cabinet. On the mother's side he was a 
grandson of Mr. Edward Burroughs, the 
Prothonotary. Sir George is a native of 
Quebec, having been born on November 19, 
1864. He received his earlier education at 
the Quebec Seminary, afterwards entering as 
a student the Montreal Polytechnic School, 
where he graduated as Civil Engineer, in 
1884. Four years afterwards he took the 
degree of Bachelor of Applied Science in 



Laval University, where for a period he was 
Titular Professor of Analytical Chemistry. 
For a time he held the position of assistant 
engineer on the construction staff of the 
Quebec and Lake St. John Railway, previous 
to his being taken in as a partner in his 
father's wholesale dry goods establishment. 
Aside from his business pursuits, he identified 
himself with civic affairs, and on being elected 
alderman, he was chosen as Mayor in 1906, 
and at the close of his term was unanimously 
re-elected for a second term of two years. It 
was while he was Mayor that he became 
Chairman of the National Battlefields Com- 
mission, in 1908. During that year there 
occurred the Tercentennial Celebration of the 
founding of Quebec. In association with 
Earl Grey, he was prominently identified 
with the supervision of the preliminaries to 
that Celebration, and has since deeply inter- 
ested himself, with his associate Commission- 
ers, in the laying out of the Battlefields Park, 
which is still in course of completion as one 
of the most striking of Canada's historic 
landmarks. His zeal as an overseer of that 
enterprise and the interest he took in the 
events of the Celebration, graced, as it was, 
by the presence of the Prince of Wales, now 
King George V, and other notables of Canada 
and the Motherland, was signalized by the 
honor of knighthood at the hands of King 
Edward VII., an honor subsequently sup- 
plemented by the President of the French 
Republic, in the bestowal of the Legion 
of Honor. On the creation of the Que- 
bec Public Utilities Commission, in 
1910, he was appointed member of the 
same and acting President, the appointment 
being extended for a period of ten years. 
His career has been marked by the holding 
of many other high positions connected 
with the progress of his native city. For a 
time he was a Director of the Railway Com- 
pany, under which he had been in his earlier 
years a civil engineer. He has been 
Director of the Prudential Trust Company, a 
Director of the Quebec Steamship Company, 
a member of the Advisory Board of the 
Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company, 
a Director of the Quebec Land Company, 
and a Governor of Laval University. His 
brother, the Hon. E. B. Garneau, was ap- 
pointed to the Legislative Council on the 
death of his father. Since the demise of both 
of them, Sir George has continued to be 
President of the firm of "Garneau Limited." 
He was married in 1892, to Miss Alma 
Benoit, daughter of Alphonse Benoit, for 
many years Secretary of the Department of 



25 



Militia and Defence of Canada. His family 
consists of five sons and three daughters. In 
these later years Sir George has taken a deep 
interest in the Entente Conferences for the 
promotion of unity between the two distinc- 
tive races of Canada; and during the Toronto 
Conference, he was received at a special 
Convocation of the University of Toronto, 
and had the honor of LL.D. conferred upon 
him. The ancestors of the Garneau family 
came originally from France in 1663; and 
the subject of this sketch as a French-Can- 
adian, using the French and English languages 
with equal facility, has never failed to 
acknowledge himself as an all-Canadian, 
devoted to the cause of a common Can- 
adianism, under the aegis of the British 
Empire. He also served in the Canadian 
Militia, from which he retired with the 
rank of Captain of Field Artillery in 1894. 

Cox, Herbert Coplin (Toronto, Ont.,) 
son of the late Hon. George A. Cox, Senator, 
and Margaret (Hopkins) Cox, was born at 
Peterborough, Ont., on June 29, 1873, and 
received his education at Jarvis Street 
Collegiate Institute and Victoria University, 
Toronto. Mr. Cox was trained to business 
life and in an extensive experience under 
his father early developed aptitude and 
ability as a financier. In July, 1895, he 
married Louise Bogart Brown, daughter of 
Charles Brown, Toronto. On completing his 
education Mr. Cox entered the service of the 
Canada Life Assurance Company and rapidly 
rose to the management of the company's 
largest branch. He entered into partnership 
with his father under the firm name of 
George A. & H. C. Cox, in the management 
of the Eastern Ontario and Michigan branches 
of the company in July, 1899, and became 
sole manager of the business of that territory 
upon his father's appointment to the presi- 
dency. In October, 1912, he was invited to 
accept the presidency of the Imperial Life 
Assurance Company, where he obtained an 
invaluable experience in executive work. He 
retired from this position in August, 1914, 
to become President of the Canada Life 
Assurance Company on the death of his 
brother, E. W. Cox. He also assumed the 
responsibility of various other offices and 
directorates held by his late brother. While, 
however, his career as an insurance man and 
financier has been such as very few men of 
his age have attained, that represents but 
one side of a character remarkable for acti- 
vity and public spirit, as well as ability. In 
movements toward the betterment of con- 



ditions in the life insurance business Mr. Cox 
has naturally taken a keen interest, but his 
pursuits outside of business, especially in the 
field of social betterment, are varied and 
important. He took a deep and active inter- 
est in the erection of Toronto's General 
Hospital, serving upon several committees 
in this connection. He is a director of the 
Toronto Conservatory of Music and is a 
member of the Music Committee of the 
Metropolitan Church, of which he is also a 
trustee. He is likewise chairman of the 
Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and Honorary 
Colonel of the Mississauga Horse. Mr. Cox 
is President and General Manager of the 
Canada Life Assurance Company, President 
of the Imperial Guarantee and Accident Com- 
pany, President of the Toronto Savings and 
Loan Company, President of the Provident 
Investment Company, Vice-President of the 
Central Canada Loan and Savings Company, 
Director of the Dominion Securities Corpora- 
tion, Director of the National Trust Com- 
pany, Director of the Canadian General 
Electric Company, Director of the British 
American Assurance Company, Director of 
the Western Assurance Company, Director 
of the Dunlop Tire and Rubber Company, 
and Director of the Robert Simpson Com- 
pany. He is a member of the following clubs : 
Toronto, York, Toronto Hunt, Toronto Golf, 
Mississauga Golf, Royal Canadian Yacht, 
National, Ontario, Arts and Letters. In 
religion Mr. Cox is a Methodist. 

Carew, John, M.L.A., (Lindsay, Ont.), 
born Jan. 5, 1862, at Emily Township, 
County of Victoria, son of John Carew and 
Jane Wilson, both Irish. He was educated 
at Lindsay Public School. Married, Feb. 
11, 1885, to Margaret, daughter of Francis 
and Margaret Kelly, of Red Rock, Verulam 
Township, County of Victoria, and is father 
of the following children: Hazel May, Lieut.- 
Col. Francis John Carew, Annie, Ethel, 
Gertrude J., Charles Lawrence, Arthur W. 
and Roberta Grace. Mr. Carew has been 
successfully engaged in the lumber business 
at Lindsay for about thirty years and is a 
large employer of labor. He is President and 
General Manager of The John Carew Lum- 
ber Company, Limited; Vice-President of 
Horn Bros. Woollen Mills; Vice-President 
Hodgson Bros. Chemical Co. ; Vice-President 
The Halton Brick Co.; Vice-President The 
Canada Sand Lime Brick Co. Was elected 
a member of the Ontario Legislature at 
the general elections in 1914 as the Con- 
servative representative for South Victoria. 



Mr. Carew is a Presbyterian in religion, 
a member of the Masonic Order, and of 
the Independent Order of Oddfellows. 
He is a Governor of the Ross Memorial 
Hospital at Lindsay, a member of the Board 
of Education of the town, and President of 
the Lindsay Central Exhibition. Mr. Carew 
is an enthusiastic member of the Lindsay 
Curling Club. He is recognized as one of 
the country's most public spirited and 
progressive citizens. 

Casgrain, Philippe Baby (Quebec City), 
lawyer, parliamentarian and author, is of an 
old and distinguished family, which includes 
in its record besides himself, the late Abbe 
P. H. Casgrain, of literary fame; the Hon. 
Senator Charles E. C. Casgrain, M.D.; the 
Hon. Thomas Chase Casgrain, the distin- 
guished lawyer and Minister of the Crown, 
and the Hon. Senator J. P. B. Casgrain. 
The subject of this sketch was born in the 
city of Quebec, on the 30th December, 1826. 
He is the son of Mr. C. E. C. Casgrain, who 
was at one time the Deputy Commissioner of 
Public Works. His mother's maiden name 
was Miss Anne Baby, a daughter of the Hon. 
James Baby, Cabinet Minister. He had his 
earlier education at St. Anne's College. In 
1850 he was called to the Bar, and was given 
his K.C. in his thirty-third year, after being 
associated as a law-partner with the Hon. 
Mr. Cauveau, the Solicitor-General of his 
time. After this he was given a position as 
assistant in the Prothonotary's Office, and 
was later on chosen Clerk of the Circuit 
Court. Subsequently he was elected a mem- 
ber of the House of Commons for the con- 
stituency of L' Islet, which he continued to 
represent from term to term for nearly 
twenty years. It was not until 1891 he was 
defeated by Mr. Georges Desjardins. Dur- 
ing his parliamentary days he was ever dili- 
gent in assuming his share of committee 
work, having taken a prominent part in the 
Royal Commission appointed to investigate 
the administration of public affairs in the 
constituency of Rimouski. Two years after 
his defeat in L'Islet, he was given the presi- 
dency of a second Royal Commission to en- 
quire into the affairs of the Montreal and 
Sorel Railway. During his long term of 
office in the Court House, he gained a promin- 
ence as a writer and investigator of the tradi- 
tions that fringed the historical atmosphere 
of his native city. He was elected for a term 
of two years President of the Literary and 
Historical Society in 1898, and seven years 
afterwards he was chosen for the same posi- 



tion a second time. He also was a member 
of the Navy League, and took an active part- 
in securing the Plains of Abraham as a fed- 
eral asset, thus preparing the way for its 
becoming a permanent acquisition of the 
National Battlefields Parks Commission. 
In 1907 he was elected Vice-President 
of the Canadian Landmarks Association, 
and was later awarded a diploma from 
the Royal Society of Canada for his zeal 
in archaeological research. The Transac- 
tions of the Royal Society and of the Literary 
and Historical Society bear testimony 
to his industry in preparing historical 
and antiquarian matter for publication, 
which otherwise might have been lost. 
For instance, he successfully located the site 
of the fountain from which the founder of 
the colony, Samuel de Champlain, had water 
drawn to supply his habitation, as well as 
the site of the house in which General Mont- 
calm lived during his sojourn in Quebec, and 
the house in which he died; the site of the 
place of abode of Abraham Martin, whose 
name is perpetuated in the name of the his- 
toric battlefield; the site of Dumont's Mill, 
near the baylet curvature of the St. Lawrence 
known as Wolfe's Cove; the location of 
Claire Fontaine, that gave its name to the 
street which, as an elevated pathway on the 
brow of Perrault's Hill, saw the marshalling 
of Montcalm's troops in three divisions; be- 
sides the locations of many other historical 
landmarks in the Ancient Capital. Learned 
in the law, he was held in high respect as an 
official of the Palais de Justice. His long 
tenure of office in Parliament and out of it 
has always been characterized by integrity 
of purpose in dealing with public matters. 

Gibson, Theron (Toronto, Ont.), Valu- 
ator and Financial Agent, began his career 
as an accountant with John Hogg, dry goods 
merchant, Guelph, Ont., in 1875, after an 
early education in the Public Schools and 
British American Business College. He was 
successively, Treasurer of the Guelph Lum- 
ber Company, 1878-1880; Office Manager, 
John Hogg & Son, Guelph, 1880-1885; Finan- 
cial Manager, A. R. McMaster & Bro., To- 
ronto, 1885-1886; Accountant, Freehold 
Loan & Savings Co., Toronto, 1886-1887; 
Inspector of the same, 1887-1898; and In- 
spector, Canada Permanent & Western Can- 
ada Mortgage Corporation, 1898-1903. Since 
when he has been engaged in business on his 
own account valuing real estate for investors, 
conducting arbitrations, managing estates, 
in addition to negotiating investments and 



fire insurance. He is interested in State 
Consolidated Oil Co., and a director both of 
Wm. Cane & Sons Co., Newmarket, and of 
Fire Insurance Exchange Corporation, To- 
ronto. Mr. Gibson has always taken a 
prominent part in church and benevolent 
work. For some years he was President of 
the Guelph Y.M.C.A. and Treasurer and 
Member of the Board of the Toronto Y.M.- 
C.A. For thirteen years he has been Super- 
intendent of Central Presbyterian Sunday 
School, and for seven years Treasurer of the 
Ontario Branch of the Dominion Alliance. 
Since 1905 he has been a member of the 
Executive of the Provincial Sunday School 
Association, and is to-day Vice-Chairman of 
that body, as also a member of the Executive 
Committee and Board of Trustees of the 
International Sunday School Association, and 
Secretary of that board and life member of 
the Association; Treasurer and Member of 
the Executive Committee, Presbyterian Sun- 
day School Association; Vice-President of 
the Toronto Sunday School Association, and 
director of the Upper Canada Bible Society. 
He has been an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church since 1883. Mr. Gibson was born in 
Huron County, Ont., February 19, 1852, 
the son of David and Sarah Jane Gibson, and 
married Mary Jean, daughter of the late 
John Stephen Holmwood, Flamboro W., Ont., 
September 11, 1877. He has five children, 
David Holmwood, Norman Rothwell, Wil- 
liam Ernest, Douglas and Jessie Winnifred. 

Murphy, Hon. Charles, B.A. The son 

of James Murphy of Birr, King's County, 
Ireland, and Mary Conway, of Limerick, 
was born in Ottawa, December 8, 1863. 
He was educated in the Separate Schools, 
the Collegiate Institute and Ottawa Univer- 
sity (B.A.), and Osgoode Hall, Toronto. He 
is a Barrister-at-law and has been for several 
years honorary solicitor for the Christian Aid 
Society. In September, 1908, upon the re- 
tirement from the Cabinet of Hon. R. W. 
Scott, Secretary of State, Mr. Murphy was 
chosen to succeed him and was sworn in 
on October 10. This office he held 
until the resignation of Sir Wilfrid Laurier's 
Cabinet, October 6, 1911. He was nom- 
inated by the Liberals of Russell County 
as their candidate for the House of Com- 
mons, and at the general election of 1908 
was elected by a large majority. He was re- 
elected at the general election of 1911. He 
is recognized throughout Canada as one of 
the most persistent advocates of Home Rule 
for Ireland, and his efforts and eloquence 



have ever been prominently evident in that 
cause. He is a member of the Laurentian, 
University and Rivermead Golf Clubs, Ot- 
tawa, and the Ontario Club, Toronto. He 
is a Roman Catholic, a Liberal in politics, 
and resides at 174 Maclaren Street, Ottawa. 
His father, the late James Murphy, was a 
well-known contractor and built, among 
other important public works, the Pembina 
branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway. 

Cole, Wilmot Howard, ex-M.L.A., 
Colonel (Brockville, Ont.), was born at 
Brockville, February 16, 1834. The pa- 
tronymic Cole is of very ancient Saxon 
origin: It appears in the " Domesday Book." 
The public records show that in the year 
1640, Sir John Cole, of Shenley, in Hertford- 
shire, England, was a landed proprietor. His 
son, Adam, married and had issue a son, 
Cornelius. This Cornelius Cole emigrated 
to America in the year 1708; in 1711 he be- 
came a justice of Albany County comprised 
within the limits of what was called "Living- 
ston Manor." His land was next to that of 
W. T. Livingston, and extended from the 
Manor House road to Jansens's Kill, or 
creek, and was one of the finest farms in the 
Manor. He had three sons, named Nicholas, 
John and Adam. On the breaking out of 
the rebellion, Cornelius Cole and his sons, 
John and Adam, espoused the cause of Eng- 
land, and the sons joined the Royalist forces. 
As the war proceeded the feeling ran so high 
against the "Tories," as the Royalists were 
called, and Cornelius Cole, although an old 
man, was seized and imprisoned, where he 
died a victim of fidelity to Motherland. His 
property was confiscated, and his sons forced 
to seek a home in the wilds of Canada. In 
1773 John and Adam Cole with his wife and 
her two brothers, Jonathan, jr., and Abel 
Fulford, left with other United Empire Loy- 
alists for Canada, and parsing up the St. 
Lawrence, they landed and settled in the 
County of Leeds, in that part now called the 
Township of EHzabethtown, at a point on 
the River St. Lawrence about five miles west 
of the present town of Brockville, which 
place is still called "Cole's Ferry." Here 
Adam Cole settled, being, as he was frequently 
heard to say, the first person to begin a settle- 
ment in the Township of EHzabethtown. 
Some years after the close of the war, Peter, 
a son of John Cole, returned to his grand- 
father's old home in Ulster County, to ascer- 
tain whether he could recover some of the 
family estate, which had been confiscated, 
but failed, as the authorities had granted the 



property to other persons. Adam Cole's wife 
was Thankful Fulford, also descended from 
Loyalist stock. Her father, Jonathan Ful- 
ford, sen., with the rest of his family came in 
1784, and settled in the same neighborhood, 
and left numerous descendants. Adam Cole's 
family, in 1812, consisted of nine sons and 
seven daughters, besides four who died in 
infancy. Five of the sons served in the 
War of 1812, the eldest, Peter, having 
assisted in the capture of Ogdensburg, 
and subsequently held the rank of captain. 
The house of Adam Cole was the general 
headquarters of the military, when they 
were in that section of country, or when 
moving between Montreal and Kingston. It 
is related of Peter Cole, the eldest son, that 
in the year 1810, the mail carrier was taken 
sick at his father's house, and Peter took the 
mail to Kingston, where he received that 
from Toronto and carried it back to Montreal. 
At Montreal he took charge of the mail for 
the west, which had been accumulating for a 
month and weighed upwards of sixty pounds, 
and carried it to Kingston. He accomplished 
the whole trip, going and coming, of 430 miles 
on foot, in fourteen days, and this was in 
March, when the trail most of the way 
was through the forest and very difficult. He 
received for this service, from the Govern- 
ment the sum of fifteen dollars. Abel Cole, 
who was the youngest son of Adam Cole, died 
December 9, 1893, aged 88 years. His 
wife, Catherine Seaman, a grand-daughter 
of Caleb Seaman, died Nov. 2, 1893, aged 
83 years, being one of the sons of Caleb 
Seaman who was with Lord Cornwallis at 
York Town. Wilmot Howard Cole, second 
son of Abel Cole, was educated at Brockville. 
He commenced mercantile business in 1855, 
and continued in the same until 1882. The 
old spirit of loyalty which he inherited, 
prompted him upon the organization of the 
Volunteer Militia of Canada in 1855, to be- 
come a member of the old "Brockville Rifle 
Company," commanded by Major Smythe 
(later of the 100th Regiment, British Army). 
The late Col. James Crawford, William Fitz- 
simmons (a former postmaster of Brockville), 
the late Samuel Ross, William Morris, 
Thomas Camm and other business men of 
Brockville, shouldered their muskets and 
learned the drill at the same time. Wilmot 
Howard Cole filled every position in rank 
from private to colonel of battalion. In De- 
cember, 1864, he went with the Brockville 
Rifle Company, as lieutenant, to Amherst- 
burg, in the County of Essex, remaining there 
on duty until the following May. In Novem- 



ber, 1865, the fear of a Fenian Raid was so 
strong in the vicinity of the River St. Law- 
rence, that the officers of the Brockville Rifle 
Company (who were at the time, the late 
Col. Crawford in command, Lieut. Cole, 
Lieut. Robert Bowie, and the late Lieut. 
Windeat), offered their services without pay, 
and to increase their company to 100 men 
to do duty for the protection of Brockville 
and vicinity, by drilling the men and mount- 
ing a heavy guard every night, with sentries 
posted in different parts of the town, the men 
only being paid twenty-five cents per day. 
The offer was accepted by the government 
and that duty performed until the ensuing 
March, when a large portion of the volunteer 
force were called out, and a provisional bat- 
talion formed at Brockville, under command 
of Col. Crawford, Lieut. Cole assuming com- 
mand of the Brockville Rifle Company, with 
which he remained on duty until the next 
November, part of the time at Brockville 
and part at Cornwall. Again in 1870, as 
major of the 41st battalion, he was on duty 
at Cornwall during the Fenian excitement. 
On June 28, 1871, he was appointed to 
the command of the 41st battalion; on 
June 28, 1898, he resigned, having held 
the command for 27 years, and was a mem- 
ber of the active force for 43 years. In 1913 
the Militia Department honored him with 
the full rank of Colonel. Col. Cole occupied 
various positions of trust and importance 
in the gift of his fellow-citizens. He was 
a member of the Town Council of Brock- 
ville for fourteen years; a director for many 
years, and president of the Johnstown 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company; a mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Oddfellows 
for many years, filling various offices in the 
local lodge and also in the Grand lodge and 
Grand Encampment. He was chosen by his 
brethren to fill the position of Grand Master 
the year the Sovereign Grand Lodge met in 
Toronto, in September, 1880, who were en- 
tertained by their Ontario brethren. He 
always took an active part in everything that 
would advance the interests of his native 
town. In connection with the late Allan 
Turner, he worked for many years to obtain 
a system of waterworks for Brockville, and 
in 1881 they organized a company, consist- 
ing of Allan Turner, John McMullen, Thomas 
Gilmour, George A. Dana, and Wilmot H. 
Cole, to construct waterworks; and as a 
result of the efforts of these gentlemen, 
Brockville has now a most excellent system 
of water supply for all purposes. Colonel 
Cole was elected a member of the Legisla- 



ture of the Province of Ontario for the Brock- 
ville riding, in the Liberal interest, at the 
general elections in 1875, and was a warm 
supporter of the Mowat Government. He 
received the appointment of Registrar for the 
County of Leeds in February, 1882. He was 
president of the Brockville Loan and Savings 
Company. Col. Cole was a member of the 
Methodist Church, and for over fifty years 
a trustee of the Wall Street Church in Brock- 
ville, and was looked upon by his fellow 
church members as ready to assist in carry- 
ing forward all enterprises for the benefit of 
the church. Col. Cole married Jane Adel- 
aide, youngest daughter of the late Abram 
Philips, of New York. Their family con- 
sisted of four children, two sons and two 
daughters. The sons, following the tradi- 
tions of the family, entered the volunteer 
force very early. The elder, Eugene Maurice 
Cole, was bugler in the Brockville Rifle Com- 
pany in 1866, and did duty with that com- 
pany whenever on service; he subsequently 
became lieutenant, after which he resigned, 
having removed from Brockville. The 
youngest son, Capt. George Marshall Cole, 
was captain of No. 4 company, 41st battalion. 
The latest enterprise which Col. Cole had 
been connected with and will eventually benefit 
his native town more than all the others, 
was the Brockville, Westport and Sault Ste. 
Marie Railway. The idea of a railway from 
Brockville to Westport had been entertained, 
and a charter was procured, but nothing 
further was done, and after a time the charter 
expired. Subsequently, Eugene M. Cole, 
who was in business in New York City, and 
enjoyed commercial relations with gentlemen 
interested in building railways and other 
public works, conceived the idea that a line 
of railway from Brockville to Sault Ste. 
Marie would prove an advantageous route 
in many ways, and at the same time benefit 
his native town. After much labor in gath- 
ering statistical information, he laid the 
whole matter before his father, who had it 
brought before the leading men of the County 
of Leeds, and the proposition made that if 
the municipalities would bear the expense of 
preliminary survey and obtain the charter, 
and grant aid by way of bonus to the extent 
of $125,000, Eugene M . Cole would work up 
the scheme and obtain the capital and con- 
tractors to build at least the first section of 
the road to Westport. This was agreed to, 
the last bonus by-law being passed on 
July 15, 1885, and work on the construc- 
tion of the railway commenced on Janu- 
ary 13, 1886. Although ably assisted by 



many persons in the County of Leeds in con- 
nection with the enterprise, the credit of the 
inception of the scheme, and the labor in 
working it up materially and financially, be- 
long to Eugene M. Cole. Colonel Cole died 
December 13, 1915, in his eighty-second 
year, being pre-deceased by his wife by about 
two months. 

Scott, James Guthrie, the prominent 
railway manager of Quebec City, was born 
in that city on February 13, 1847, the son of 
Hugh Erskine Scott. His mother's maiden 
name was Margaret Chillas. The family of 
the Scotts has filled an important place in the 
community since the days of Mr. Scott's 
grandfather, who came from Scotland. Mr. 
Henry S. Scott, hardware merchant, was his 
uncle, and Mr. William C. Scott and Mr. 
Charles Scott, his brothers, all of whom took 
an active interest in the progress of the city, 
as has their distinguished relative. The 
latter received his early education at the 
Quebec High Schqpl. In his seventeenth 
year he had his first start in business in 
the offices of the Montmorency Lumber 
Mills, where he eventually became head of 
one of the departments. In 1879, he en- 
tered the service of the Quebec and Lake 
St. John Railway, becoming, in time, its 
general manager and assuming the onerous 
task of having that line completed as far 
as Chicoutimi and extended, under the 
name of the Great Northern, to Hawkes- 
bury, Ont., across the Ottawa, a distance in 
all of five hundred miles. But for Mr. 
Scott's supervisory tact and engineering 
skill, Quebec would hardly have become 
the important railway terminal that it 
now is, not only of the Canadian Northern 
System, but of the National Transcontinen- 
tal. During the earlier operations of the 
Quebec and Lake St. John Railway, Mr. 
Scott and his Board of Directors organized 
a system of assisted colonization that peopled 
the parishes all along their line, as many as 
from ten to twelve thousand families being 
induced to take up homesteads in the dis- 
tricts opened up for settlement. For twenty- 
five years Mr. Scott was facile princeps in 
these beneficent operations; and it was only 
when the Canadian Northern Railway Com- 
pany took over the properties supervised by 
him in 1908, that he decided to retire from 
office to take up other work involving 
the commercial advancement of his native 
city. In 1916 he was elected President of 
the Quebec Board of Trade, after many years 
of active service as one of its members, and 






is also President of the British Columbia 
Skeena Coal Company. For many years he 
has been a member of the Quebec Geograph- 
ical Society and other associations; and his 
contemporaries can look back with satisfac- 
tion at the civic progress he awakened as a 
railway projector and business man, and the 
manufacturing centres he succeeded in locat- 
ing from the time he undertook to complete 
the Lake St. John Railway. In June, 1908, 
upon his retirement from the management 
of the railway, he was given a banquet by the 
citizens of Quebec at the Chateau Frontenac, 
in recognition of the enterprising and success- 
ful work he had done while completing 
extensions north and west from the city, 
and at the same time was presented with 
testimonials of value. And in addition 
to the story of his life as a railway manager 
and projector, Mr. Scott has to his credit 
twelve years' service in the Militia, having 
been called out to frustrate the advance 
of the enemy in certain border raids near 
Windsor, Ontario, in 1865, as well as to 
protect Canada from the Fenian Raids, 
during the four years succeeding that date. 
In 1873 he married Miss Sophy Mary Jack- 
son; and in 1901 was married, for a second 
time, to Miss Cordelia Mary Jackson, daughter 
of Dr. Alfred Jackson, Dean of the Faculty 
of Medicine, Laval University. By his first 
marriage he has had two sons and a daughter, 
and by his second, one son and one daughter. 

Bender, Prosper, M.D., and Litterateur 
(Quebec City), was born in Quebec on July 
30, 1844. He was the son of L. P. Bender, 
Advocate, his mother's maiden name having 
been Miss Jane McMillan. His school edu- 
cation began at the Quebec Seminary and 
was continued at Laval University, where he 
went through a successful course in belles 
lettres and collateral studies. Thereafter he 
entered McGill University, where in 1864 he 
took his degree of M.D. On the following 
year he entered upon his career as a medical 
man in his native city, where, in 1868, he 
married Miss Amelia Scott, daughter of A. S. 
Scott. At the time of his graduation, the 
Civil War between the Northern and South- 
ern States of the American Republic was 
nearing its climax, and in the excitement of 
events an opportunity offered itself to the 
young student to mature his skill in surgery 
and the healing art on the battlefield. He 
was given employment in the army in North 
Virginia, which was then under the command 
of General Ulysses Grant. As an assistant 
surgeon he remained with that army up to 



the time of General Lee's surrender, his 
faithfulness and skill bringing him to the 
notice of his medical associates and eventually 
to the notice of the General in person. After 
the war, Dr. Bender proceeded to New York 
to gain further professional experience in the 
hospitals, before entering upon the first period 
of his residence in Quebec as a medical practi- 
tioner. During that period he came into 
touch with several of the rising public men 
of the town, who made a kind of literary 
rendezvous of his residence, much as years 
afterwards the Circle de Dix used to hold 
their seances out at Spencer Wood, under the 
hospital auspices of Sir Adolphe Chapleau. 
The social gatherings at Dr. Bender's had 
no doubt the effect of turning the attention 
of the successful physician to literary work, 
leading him to publish two volumes, respect- 
fully titled, "Literary Sheaves," and "Old 
and New Canada." In 1884 he removed to 
Boston, where he practised as a homeopathist, 
and won a reputation among the literary men 
of that city, as a contributor to the magazines 
and reviews. Within the last ten years pre- 
ceding his death in 1917, he had his residence 
again in Quebec. During these years he 
published in amplified form a series of 
sketches about the friends of his earlier com- 
radeship. These sketches embodied the 
characteristics of the brilliant literary guests 
who had once met round his table, and were 
read with the greatest of interest by the 
public as they appeared from time to time, 
as an illustration of the author's geniality of 
spirit and literary acumen. Altogether, Dr. 
Prosper Bender's professional and literary 
career stood as a blend of duly recognized 
medical skill and critical literary insight, 
holding always the confidence of his patients 
and being widely esteemed for his bonhomie 
and intellectuality as a writer of books worth 
reading. 

Girard, Joseph (St. Gideon, Que.), son 
of Patrice Girard and Marie Tremblay, his 
wife, both French- Canadians. Born at St. 
Urbain, County of Charlevoix, Aug. 2, 1854. 
Educated at the Seminary of Quebec. Came 
to Lake of St. John in 1880 as a settler, 
cleared his land and lived on it all the time, 
and has been one of the most progressive and 
influential farmers of the district. Was Presi- 
dent of the Dairy Society of Quebec Province 
and President of the School Commission. 
On April 5, 1875, Mr. Girard was married to 
Emma Cote, daughter of Vitol and Ursule 
Cote, and is the father of the following chil- 
dren: Meridee, Philippe, Tanevide and 



Marie Louise. First elected to the Quebec 
Legislative Assembly for Lake St. John Dis- 
trict at the general elections of 1892 and 
re-elected in those of 1897. In 1900 he 
was elected to the House of Commons 
at the general elections, for Chicoutimi and 
Saguenay, which includes the local riding of 
Lake St. John; he was re-elected for the 
House of Commons in the general elections 
of 1904, 1908 and 1911. Mr. Girard is a 
member of the following societies: Dairy 
Society of Quebec, Agricultural Society of 
Lake St. John and Farmers' Club of St. 
Gideon; he is also a member of the Automo- 
bile Club of Chicoutimi. In religion Mr. 
Girard is a Roman Catholic and in politics 
is an Independent Conservative. 

Dawson, Arthur Osborne,Montreal,Que., 
was born at New Borden, N.B., March 28, 
1864, son of Richard Dawson and Mary 
Lockhart, his father being a farmer and a 
grindstone manufacturer. Rev. G. F. Daw- 
son, M.A., St. John, N.B., and W. J. G. 
Dawson, M.D., Eldridge, Cal., U.S.A., are 
brothers, and Rev. James Henderson, D.D., 
pastor of the Timothy Eaton Memorial 
Church, Toronto, is father-in-law of Mr. 
Dawson, who was educated at Campbellton, 
N.B., and Montreal. Married, June 3i 
Mary A. Le Rossignol, step-daughter of Rev. 
Dr. Henderson of Toronto, mentioned above. 
Five children are the fruit of the union, viz., 
Ruth, Howard, Katharine, Isabel and%tive. 
Mr. Dawson is a Methodist in religion, a 
Conservative, a member of the Montreal 
Club and a Justice of the Peace for the Dis- 
trict of Montreal and connected with the 
following large business enterprises, Vice- 
President and Managing Director Canadian 
Cottons, Limited,; President, Belding, Paul, 
Corticelli, Limited; Vice- President D. Mor- 
rice Co., Limited; President Inter-provin- 
cial British Company of Canada, Limited, 
Toronto; Vice- President Gowland Optical 
Company, Limited, Montreal. Recreations, 
fishing, tennis and boating. 

Douglas, James, Hepworth, Ontario, son 
of James Douglas, Roxborough, Scotland, 
and Isabella Dixon, Lauderdale, Scotland, 
was born in the township of Brant, Bruce 
County, in August, 1858. Here he spent 
his early days, receiving his education in 
the public schools. For a time he followed 
farming as an occupation. However, he 
was inclined towards mercantile pursuits 
and gave up the farm to become a general 
merchant at Dobbington, in the township 
of Elderslie. The lumbering business attract- 



ed his attention and he gave up the store for 
that occupation, which was extensively 
carried on in those early days in Bruce. In 
1902 he moved to the village of Hepworth, 
where he became Vice-President of the 
Hepworth Manufacturing Co., and also 
manager. Here he has resided ever since, 
successfully conducting the business he is 
connected with. Beside this he is interested 
in a number of other enterprises, being a 
director of the Canada Beds Co., of Chesley, 
and a shareholder in the Vincent Steel 
Process Co., of Detroit. He has always had 
a love for municipal life, and for eight years 
has served the village of Hepworth as reeve 
in a most competent manner. As a member 
of the County Council he has served on most 
of the prominent committees, but the 
Educational Committee has always been 
his favorite. Being a self-educated man, 
he strove hard for the vast fund of knowledge 
he has acquired. This has made him a 
warm friend toward all branches of educa- 
tion, and he is ever ready to forward its 
best interests. His ripe business judgment 
has ever been recognized by his colleagues 
in the County Council. He is a man of 
genial disposition and well liked by all. 
He is a member of Burns Lodge, No. 436, 
A.F. & A.M., Hepworth. In religion he 
is a Presbyterian, and in politics he is a 
Liberal. He was twice married, his first 
wife being Francis Bradley, daughter of 
John Bradley, of Greenock township. 

Cross, Charles Wilson (Edmonton, Alta.), 
Attorney-General for the Province of Alberta, 
was born in" Madoc, Ont., November 30, 
1872, the son of the late Thomas and Marie 
Cross. He was educated at Upper Canada 
College, Toronto University and Osgoode 
Hall, graduating in 1895 as B.A., and the 
following year as LL.B. He married Annie 
Louisa, daughter of Frederick and Isabella 
Lynde, in 1900, by whom he has three chil- 
dren Thomas, Helen and Margaret. Be- 
coming a barrister in 1898, he has since prac- 
tised his profession at Edmonton, and is a 
member of the firm of Short, Cross, Maclean, 
Ap'John & Laidlaw; his present office as 
Attorney-General of the province he has 
held since 1905, sitting as member for Ed- 
monton and Edson in the Legislature. While 
at college he was a famous lacrosse player 
and is Vice-President of the Canadian Ama- 
teur Athletic Union for Alberta. He was a 
member of the Ottawa and Quebec Inter- 
provincial Conferences in 1906, is a Liberal 
in politics and a Presbyterian in religion. 




HON. ARTHUR L. SIFTON 
Ottawa 



Pardee, Frederick Forsyth, K.G., M.P. 

(Sarnia, Ont.), son of the late Hon. Timothy 
Blair Pardee and Emma K. Pardee, nfe 
Forsyth, was born at Sarnia, Ontario, on 
December 29, 1867, and was educated at the 
Sarnia School and at Upper Canada College. 
He subsequently entered the study of Law 
and graduated at Osgoode Hall, being called 
to the Bar in 1890. He was created a King's 
Counsel in 1908, and became head of the law 
firm of Pardee, Burnham & Gurd. In his 
student days and in the earlier years of his 
professional career he took a keen interest in 
various athletics and was a cricket player of 
note. He married, on December 31, 1892, 
Mary E. Johnston, daughter of Hugh John- 
ston, and to them was born one daughter, 
Pauline L. Early in life Mr. Pardee began 
to interest himself in public problems and 
public affairs, and in 1898, when but 31 
years of age, he was chosen as Liberal can- 
didate for the provincial riding of West 
Lambton, being elected to the Legislature of 
Ontario the same year. He sat in the Pro- 
vincial House until 1902, when he was de- 
feated by Hon. W. J. Hanna, who subse- 
quently became Provincial Secretary in the 
first cabinet of Sir James Whitney. In the 
Dominion by-election of November 22, 1905, 
made necessary by the death of Dr. Johnston, 
the sitting member, Mr. Pardee was chosen 
by the electors of West Lambton to represent 
them in the Dominion House of Commons. 
He was re-elected at the general elections of 
1908 and 1911. In November, 1909, on the 
nomination of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, then Prime 
Minister of Canada, he was unanimously 
chosen as Chief Government Whip, and still 
retains the important position of Chief 
Liberal Whip to the present time (1917). In 
the Dominion Parliament, as well as through- 
out the country, Mr. Pardee's public work 
soon won him a position of usefulness and 
responsibility. He is a forceful and effective 
public speaker, and few public men are so 
universally popular and so highly esteemed. 
During his parliamentary career he has pre- 
sided over, and served upon, many of the 
most important legislative committees of the 
House of Commons and Senate. In 1910 he 
was chosen by Sir Wilfrid Laurier to accom- 
pany him on his memorable tour through the 
Canadian West, making the first visit with 
the then Prime Minister to the new Pacific 
port of Prince Rupert. When, in 1911, the 
Administration of Sir Wilfrid Laurier was 
defeated at the polls upon the issue of recipro- 
cal trade in natural products with the United 
States, and the Liberal party passed into 



Opposition, Mr. Pardee continued as Chief 
Whip and had a large share in the arduous 
parliamentary and organization work which 
ensued. Following the outbreak of the great 
war it was he who defined in Parliament, 
amid hearty approval from both sides of the 
House, the patriotic obligations which de- 
volved upon Government and Opposition. 
He devoted his time and energy, both in the 
House and out of it, to patriotic endeavor, 
addressing recruiting rallies and contributing 
to the various national efforts of service and 
sacrifice. He moved in Parliament for the 
appointment of a special committee to con- 
sider national steps to recompense and aid 
returning wounded and maimed soldiers and 
was named by the House as a member of that 
committee. In 1918 he resigned the post of 
Liberal Whip and supported Sir Robert 
Borden on the question of Conscription, but 
declined a portfolio in the Union Govern- 
ment. In the general elections of that year 
he was again re-elected for West Lambton 
by a handsome majority Mr. Pardee is 
strongly democratic in spirit, and during 
the parliamentary session of 1913-14, made 
a vigorous plea to the House against the 
indiscriminate bestowal of titles in Canada, 
and issued a warning against the danger of 
creating a pseudo-aristocracy in this young 
Dominion. In religion he is an Anglican 
and is a member of St. George's Church, 
Sarnia. 

Hinds, Leonard D'Arcy Bernard, Judg- 
ment Clerk of the Supreme Court of Judica- 
ture for Ontario, born Oct. 19, 1868, at 
Barrie, Ontario. Educated at Barrie Col- 
legiate Institute, St. Michael's College, To- 
ronto, and Osgoode Hall Law School, of 
Toronto. Past President of the Toronto 
Liberal-Conservative Club. Secretary of the 
Toronto Branch of the United Irish League. 
Appointed to present office by the Whitney 
Government in 1905. Son of the late Ber- 
nard Hinds of Barrie, a native of Omagh, 
County of Tyrone, Ireland (whose father, 
Bernard Hinds, Irish "Aidhne," pronounced 
Aion, anglicized the name to Hinds, and 
settled with a large family in Vespra Town- 
ship, Simcoe County, in the year 1842), and 
Anna Leonard, formerly a teacher in the 
French settlement public school at Pene- 
tanguishene. Married Pauline Matson, the 
daughter of R. H. Matson, founder of the 
National Life Insurance Co. of Canada. 
Holds commission as Captain and Paymaster 
in the 110th Irish Regiment, Toronto, which 
Regiment he was authorized to establish in 



33 



1914, by Sir Sam Hughes, then Minister of 
Militia. Captain Hinds largely helped to 
establish the 208th Canadian Irish Bn. 
C.E.F., in which he was also appointed Pay- 
master with the rank of Captain. He was 
forced to withdraw from the 208th, on ac- 
count of an injury which he received at 
Camp Borden. He has one son, Paul I. 
Bernard, who is on active service as an officer 
in the British Expeditionary Force. Cap- 
tain Hinds is an ardent student of Gaelic 
Literature, Language and Art, and possesses 
one of the best Erse Libraries in Canada. 
He is a Catholic in religion. Address: Os- 
goode Hall, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 

Clute, Arthur Roger (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born in Belleville, Ont., on August 24, 
1874. He attended the Belleville Collegiate 
Institute, from which he matriculated with 
honors in 1892, and thereupon entered the 
University of Toronto, from which he gradu- 
ated as Bachelor of Arts in 1896, with first- 
class honors, in the Department of Political 
Science and History, having been awarded 
during his course one of the Alexander Mac- 
kenzie Scholarships in that department. In 
1901 he received from his Alma Mater the 
Degree of LL.B. He was articled as a 
student at law to his father, the Honorable 
Justice Clute, in 1896; and studied law at 
the Law School at Osgoode Hall, Toronto, 
where he obtained first-class honors and was 
awarded a scholarship in each year of -his 
course, together with medal upon his call to 
the Ontario Bar in June, 1899. Since that 
time Mr. Clute has practised his profession 
in the city of Toronto, and has acted for 
several years as examiner at the University 
of Toronto, and at the Law School, and is 
now also a Lecturer at the University of To- 
ronto. In politics he is a Liberal. 

Goodeve, Hon. Arthur Samuel, Ot- 
tawa, Dominion Railway Commissioner, Eng- 
lish and Canadian origin, son of Arthur 
Henry and Caroline Goodeve, born at Guelph, 
Ont., Dec. 15, 1860, where he received his 
education at the Public Schools and Collegiate 
Institute. A graduate of the Ontario Col- 
lege of Pharmacy. Mayor of Rossland, B.C., 
1889-1900. Appointed Provincial Secretary 
in the first Conservative Government in 
British Columbia, June, 1903, the McBride 
Administration; resigned portfolio, returned 
for Kootenay District, in the House of Com- 
mons, general elections 1908, appointed a 
member of Timber and Forestry Commission, 
B.C., 1909-10, a Conservative Whip, House 



of Commons, 1910; resigned seat on being 
appointed a Dominion Railway Commis- 
sioner. Married, April, 1884, Ellen Eliza- 
beth Spence, daughter of James Spence, To- 
ronto; father of four boys and two girls. 
Member of following clubs: Rideau, Ottawa, 
and Rossland, B.C.; and the Masonic order, 
Blue, Chapter and Commandery. A Pres- 
byterian in religion. Before accepting his 
present office, Hon. Mr. Goodeve was recog- 
nized as a formidable campaigner and pains- 
taking representative. 

Guilbault, Joseph Pierre Octave, B.A., 
LL.D., Joliette, Notary, was born Sept. 3, 
1870, at St. Paul de Joliette, Province of 
Quebec, son of Joseph Guilbault and Adelaide 
Renaud, French-Canadians; educated at 
L'Assomption College, P.Q., and Laval 
University, Montreal. Married, Sept. 20, 
1898, Clementine, daughter of Urgel Richard, 
of St. Jacques de L'Achigan, has one son, 
Fernand, and one daughter, Germaine. For 
ten years Secretary-Treasurer of Commis- 
sioners for Schools in Joliette, where he prac- 
tices his profession of a Notary. Elected to 
the House of Commons for the constituency 
of Joliette in 1911. A Liberal-Conservative 
in politics. Mr. Guilbault has not been de- 
feated sickness prevented him from being a 
candidate in the election of 1917. In religion 
Mr. Guilbault is a Roman Catholic. 

Bronson, Henry Franklin (Ottawa, Ont.), 
the one man, it has been said, who understood 
the feasibility of converting the large lakes 
and furious foaming falls of the Ottawa River 
into a channel for the driving of saw-logs, was 
born in the town of Moreau, Saratoga County, 
New York State, on February 24, 1817. 
His parents were Alvah Bronson and 
Sarah Tinker. Mr. Bronson is of mixed Scot- 
tish and Welsh descent, and the family, which 
is now scattered through most of the North- 
ern States, at an early period settled in New 
England. Members of this enterprising and 
clever family were the Hon. Greene C. Bron- 
son, of the New York bench, and the Rev. 
Asa Bronson, who was for many years pastor 
of the First Baptist Church, at Fall River, 
Massachusetts. The first of the family to 
find his way to Canada was the subject of 
our sketch, and shortly after he came here 
he led off in the lumber business. H. F. 
Bronson spent his youthful days at Queens- 
bury, Warren County, New York, in the 
family of the late J. J. Harris, and he con- 
cluded his education at the Poultney Acad- 
emy, of Vermont. "Young Bronson," says 



34 



a reliable authority, "became an apt scholar 
in agricultural sciences, but soon showed 
a preference for woodland foraging, pre- 
destined, as he was, to become a great ma- 
rauder of pine forests." In 1840, Mr. 
Harris, already alluded to, purchased ex- 
tensive pine tracts, erecting mills on one 
of the upper Hudson lakes. He formed a 
partnership with his young and trusted friend, 
Mr. Bronson, "whose assets consisted of a 
sound constitution, a resolute will, unbend- 
ing integrity, skill with the hand, and a mind 
to work." The partnership continued for 
twenty-two years, and during the last ten 
years of the association, the greater portion 
of the business responsibility fell upon our 
subject, owing to the failure of Mr. Harris' 
health. It soon became plain that the pine 
was rapidly disappearing from the upper 
Hudson; therefore, in 1848, Mr. Bronson 
passed over to Canada, proceeding along the 
Ottawa Valley till the thunder of the Chaudi- 
ere Falls burst upon his ears. At once he 
was satisfied that here was an excellent place 
to begin lumber operations; for the timber 
seemed inexhaustible, and the water power 
magnificent. He returned home, but in 1852 
he persuaded Mr. Harris to accompany him 
to the Ottawa Valley. When they reached 
again the region of kingly pines and booming 
waterfalls, they were everywhere met with 
testimony from river experts, saying that the 
Ottawa was not suitable for the safe driving 
of saw logs, but Mr. Bronson recommended 
to his partner the purchase of hydraulic lots 
at the Chaudiere Falls, then held by the 
Crown. At the sale of the lots, made by Mr. 
Horace Merrill, general superintendent of the 
Ottawa River works, a purchase was made, 
and here, under the personal supervision 
of Mr. Bronson, their mills were built 
within sound of the thunder of the falls. 
The mills having been erected, Mr. Bron- 
son removed his family to Ottawa, and 
there they were established permanently. 
The relation of Mr. Bronson to the sawn lum- 
ber trade of the Dominion of Canada will be 
better understood when it is learned that his 
was the first movement in the Ottawa Dis- 
trict for the manufacture of sawn lumber for 
the United States market. The original mill 
embodied all the modern improvements of 
the times, including iron gates of novel model, 
a contrivance planned by Mr. Bronson him- 
self, and afterwards used in most of the gang 
saw mills on the Ottawa River. Several 
other gentlemen, stimulated by the enter- 
prise and success of Mr. Bronson and his 
partner, likewise set out for Ottawa; and, 



after a time, chiefly owing to the persistency 
of Mr. Bronson, a series of costly river im- 
provements were constructed, which made 
the driving of logs upon the Ottawa a matter 
of greater convenience than upon many a 
smaller stream, which has no large lakes to 
act as a reservoir for checking the fury of the 
spring freshets. In 1864, Mr. Harris retired 
from the business, Mr. Bronson still continu- 
ing the extensive manufacture of sawn lum- 
ber, and owing to his splendid abilities as a 
manager, his operations not alone main- 
tained their ground, but gradually increased. 
The present firm at Ottawa is known as The 
Bronson Company. Mr. Bronson married, 
on November 5, 1840, Editha E. Pierce, of 
Bolton, N.Y., and had four children. Ger- 
trude, the only daughter, is the wife of Levi 
Crannell. The sons are Erskine Henry, 
Frank P., and Walter G. The family are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. 
Bronson, like another great prince of busi- 
ness men, Sir Hugh Allan, did not care for 
political life, and held himself aloof from 
parties, but he was connected with several 
benevolent institutions and business enter- 
prises. In 1889, death called this pioneer 
Canadian lumberman and high-principled 
citizen. His private and social relations had 
won for him everywhere good will and highest 
regard. Men had learned to esteem the man 
because of his tested and sterling worth. In 
the commerce of Canada Mr. Bronson's name 
will go down in history as the first lumberman 
in the Ottawa Valley to manufacture sawn 
lumber for the American market, and as a 
pioneer in the development of the resources 
of that section of Canada to the point where 
its principal city was deemed worthy of being 
named as the Capital City of the Dominion. 
Business courage and keenness of perception 
were required to accomplish these ends, but 
in more ways than one Mr. Bronson had 
shown himself to be a man of practical vision 
and rare foresight. To men like the late 
Henry Franklin Bronson, Canada and in 
particular the business life of the Capital, 
must ever remain in debt. 

Lemieux, Auguste, K.C., F.R.C.I., 
LL.B. Few barristers in Ottawa are better 
known or more popular than the subject of 
this sketch, who occupies offices at No. 30 
Rideau Street. Mr. Lemieux was born in 
Montreal, February 20, 1874. His father, 
H. A. Lemieux, was Inspector of Customs for 
the Province of Quebec until 1911. Some of 
his elder brothers are Hon. Rodolphe 
Lemieux, K.C., P.C., M.P., ex-Postmaster- 



General and Minister of Marine and Fish- 
eries in the Laurier Cabinet; Dr. L. J. 
Lemieux, Sheriff of Montreal, and Chairman 
of the Board of Censors of the Province of 
Quebec, and Dr. Gustave Lemieux, M.L-A., 
for Gaspe, P.Q. Mr. Auguste Lemieux re- 
ceived his education at L'Assomption College 
and St. Mary's College (Jesuits), Montreal, 
graduated from Laval University with honors 
and was conferred the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws (LL.B.) in 1898. He was called to the 
Quebec Bar in the same year and to the On- 
tario Bar four years later. In 1908, at the 
early age of 34, he was created K.C., and 
practised, successfully, his profession in Mon- 
treal from 1898 until 1902, when he located 
in Ottawa, and has since established a wide 
and ever increasing clientele in that city. 
His brilliant defence saved Laderoute from 
the gallows in the Bryson murder trial of 
1906, and Blondin (charged with murdering 
Dr. Empey) at L'Orignal, in 1910. He was 
Councillor of the Ontario Bar Association 
from 1910 to 1913; President of L'Institut 
Canadien Francais, of Ottawa, 1903 to 1905; 
President of La Societe du Monument Na- 
tional, Ottawa, 1909 to 1910; President of 
the Belcourt (Liberal) Club for several years; 
Vice-President of the Ottawa Reform Asso- 
ciation, 1904 to 1906; President of Le Club 
Litteraire Canadien Francais, Ottawa, 1911 
to 1918. He is a member of the Y.M.C.A., 
and also a member of the Ontario Club of 
Toronto. Mr. Lemieux has been frequently 
mentioned as candidate for Parliament. He 
is the author of the work on the Quebec Law 
of Landlord and Tenant and writes fre- 
quently for the French and English Press. 
In April, 1914, the French Government, in 
recognition of Mr. Lemieux's proficiency in 
French literature, conferred on him the 
decoration of "Officier d' Academic" (Aca- 
demic Palms),through Monsieur R6n6 Viviani, 
then Minister of Public Education of France. 
He was also elected, in 1913, Fellow of the 
Royal Colonial Institute of London, England, 
for life. Mr. Lemieux is an eloquent plat- 
form speaker and has frequently rendered 
services to his party. He married Esther 
Barbeau, daughter of the late Henry Barbeau, 
General Manager of the City and District 
Savings Bank and Assistant Receiver-General, 
Montreal, in October, 1899, and has one son 
and two daughters. He resides at 16 Somer- 
set Street West. 

Lawlor, H. W. (Hawkesbury, Ont.), was 
born at Hawkesbury, September 12, 1863, 
of Irish and American parentage. The son 



of Richard Lawlor, of Hawkesbury, for many 
years Coroner of this district, and grandson 
of William Lawlor, for over forty years man- 
ager for Hamilton Bros., and Sarah Hersey, 
daughter of Z. S. M. Hersey, a New England 
pioneer, who settled in Hawkesbury shortly 
after the British-American War of 1812, and 
who at the time of his death was the town's 
most prominent citizen; he was educated in 
the Provincial Schools and graduated from 
Osgoode Hall in law in 1890. In 1896, was 
appointed agent for the Justice Department 
in his district, and has conducted some im- 
portant litigation on behalf of the Crown, the 
most prominent being the Exchequer Court 
Case of Stewart vs. King, in which the 
late B. B. Osier made his last public appear- 
ance. He has been Police Magistrate of 
Hawkesbury for over eighteen years and 
has never had a conviction appealed or 
quashed. Has been Local Solicitor for the 
Canadian Northern Railway since the date 
of its construction; is Town Solicitor and 
also Solicitor for the several banking institu- 
tions. Has never entered Municipal politics, 
but has sat on the Board of Education; was 
first President of Hawkesbury Board of 
Trade. Is a Presbyterian and a Liberal- 
Unionist. 

McNeillie, James Richardson, Clerk 
and Treasurer, County of Victoria, Lindsay, 
Ont., was born in the Parish of Johnstone, 
Dumfries-shire, Scotland, July 18, 1846, 
and came to Canada with his parents, Rachel 
Kerr and James Richardson McNeillie, public 
school teacher, in 1853, who settled in the 
County of Durham, where he was educated 
in the Public School. He spent eleven years, 
from 1861 to 1872, in the village of Omemee, 
where he was associated in the drug business 
and in municipal work with Mr. Thomas 
Matchett, who was the first member of the 
Legislative Assembly for South Victoria after 
Confederation. From 1872 to 1875 he was 
engaged in the business department of the 
Montreal Telegraph Company at Toronto, 
but returned to the County of Victoria on 
the invitation of the Hon. S. C. Wood, to 
become his assistant in the office of Clerk and 
Treasurer. When the latter became Pro- 
vincial Secretary, Mr. McNeillie retained the 
same position under Mr. Matchett from 1875, 
until his own appointment as Clerk and 
Treasurer of the County, in 1900. When the 
Ross Memorial Hospital was founded by the 
late James Ross, of Montreal, in 1902, he 
was appointed a Governor under the Act of 
Incorporation, and is Secretary-Treasurer of 



i 



the Trust. He is also a member of the 
Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian 
Church, and was Chairman of the Board of 
Education of the Town of Lindsay for nine 
years, following on nineteen years' service as 
member. Always taking an active interest 
in movements for the betterment of the 
criminal and mentally enfeebled classes of 
the Province, he was President of the Can- 
adian Conference of Charities and Correction 
for the year 1909. In politics he is a Con- 
servative, and in religion a Presbyterian. 
He married Esther (deceased), daughter of 
William Thorton, of Emily, January, 1872; 
and Loretta, daughter of Ralph Gardiner, of 
Morpeth, 1882. He has three sons, James 
Kerr, Ralph Gardiner and George Gardiner, 
and one daughter, Alice Gardiner. J. K. 
McNeillie has been successively, Divisional 
Superintendent of the Canadian Pacific Ry., 
General Superintendent of the Canadian 
Government Railways, and now Superin- 
tendent of the Susquehanna Division of the 
Delaware and Hudson Railway. R. G. 
McNeillie is Assistant General Passenger 
Agent of the Canadian Pacific Ry. at Winni- 
peg, Man., and G. G. McNeillie is a member 
of the Albert Kerr Company, Limited, To- 
ronto. 

Chadwick, Edward Marion, K.C. (To- 
ronto, Ont.), was born at Cravendale, Town- 
ship of Ancaster, Ont., Sept. 22, 1840, and is 
the third son of the late John Craven Chad- 
wick, Guelph, Ont. He received a thorough 
scholastic training. The bend of his mind 
being in the direction of the law, he pursued 
his studies therefor, and was called to the 
Bar and associated himself with the late W. 
H. Beatty, and has been a partner in the firms 
successively formed by him in which many 
prominent members of the legal profession 
have been partners, during a period of more 
than fifty years, the firms being recognized 
as among the most important engaged in 
their profession in Ontario. While perhaps 
it is unnecessary to say anything here as to 
Mr. Chadwick's ability as an author, we 
cannot refrain from noting the publication of 
a work entitled "Ontarian Families" (1894), 
being the genealogies of United Empire 
Loyalist and other pioneer families of Upper 
Canada; he has also been a writer for 
magazines on heraldic subjects, in which he 
is reputed to be the leading authority on 
this side of the Atlantic. Mr. Chadwick was 
for a number of years an officer in the Queen's 
Own Rifles, retiring in 1882, with the rank of 
Major. For the last forty years Mr. Chad- 



wick has been identified with church work, 
being an indefatigable worker, and he at 
present holds the important office of Treas- 
urer of St. Alban's Cathedral. 

Hackett, Edward (Orangeville, Ont.), 
was born at Ballinasloe, County Galway, Ire- 
land, son of the late William and Mary 
Hackett. He was educated at Ranelagh 
School, Athlone, and at Santry School, 
Dublin, graduating from the Royal Univer- 
sity in the Irish Capital in 1905, with the 
degree of B.A., and is recognized as being 
one of the prominent educationalists of the 
Province of Ontario. Mr. Hackett came to 
Canada in 1908, and before leaving Ireland, 
was Senior Mathematical Master in the 
Blue Coat School, Dublin, an institution 
which was established by Charles the Second. 
He attended the Faculty of Toronto Uni- 
versity, and taught mathematics in the 
Gait Collegiate Institute for the year 1909- 
10, also at Meaford High School for four 
years (1911-15), and succeeded as principal 
the late Alexander Steele, who had been 
the head of the Orangeville High School for 
upwards of thirty years, the present staff 
consisting of five teachers and the splendid 
standing and prestige of the school being 
maintained under his principalship. In 1914, 
Principal Hackett married Winnifred, the 
daughter of Dr. J. G. Clarke, of Meaford. 
He is a member of the Canadian Club of 
Orangeville, and Chairman of the Public 
Library Board, and is a member of the Ma- 
sonic, Oddfellows and Orange Orders. He is 
an adherent of the Church of England, and 
a Liberal-Conservative in politics. Recog- 
nizing the usefulness of the Cadet movement 
he has taken the course prescribed for in- 
structors and the Orangeville High School 
Cadets have attained much efficiency under 
his direction. Principal Hackett is a man in 
the prime of life, well informed on all matters 
of national importance, and gives generously 
of his time and talents in the promotion of 
the best interests of the community, in which 
he occupies so important a position. His 
chief recreation is motoring. 

Hunter, Lt.-Col. A. T. (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born on the 25th of October, 1869, and 
after having received a thorough primary and 
elementary education at the public and high 
schools, he entered the Toronto University 
where, in 1890, he had the distinction of hav- 
ing the degree of LL.B. conferred upon him. 
He was duly admitted to the Bar in 1892 and 
at once embarked in the active practice of 



his profession, in which he has been very suc- 
.cessful. He maintains a handsome suite of 
offices at 706 Temple Building, Bay and 
Richmond Streets, where he enjoys a large 
and lucrative practice, his services being con- 
stantly retained by some of the leading firms 
and corporations of the city and province. 
Colonel Hunter is prominently identified with 
the Masonic craft, and is an active and in- 
fluential member of the I.O.F., A.O.U.W., 
and a Past Master of L.O.L. No. 613. As 
an author Colonel Hunter is well known, and 
among the works emanating from his pen 
may be named "Power of Sale Under Mort- 
gage," "Foreclosure Under Mortgage," and 
"Real Property Statutes." The Colonel, 
prior to this war, was courageous in pointing 
out in speeches and contributions to the 
"Military Gazette," absurdities in our mili- 
tary organization. Colonel Hunter has de- 
voted some time to politics and was candidate 
for the riding of West Toronto in the Do- 
minion House, of the McCarthyites in 1896, 
and of the Liberals in 1904. In 1914, when 
war was declared by Germany on England 
and her colonies, Colonel Hunter at once 
responded to the call to duty, laid aside his 
business and other connections, and went 
overseas with the 4th Battalion C.E-F. On 
April 23, 1915, he was wounded in the battle 
of St. Julien, but returned to duty in time for 
the battle of Festubert; after this he was 
placed on duty in England, and later returned 
to Canada on leave of absence ; while in Can- 
ada he acted as Brigade-Major at Camp 
Borden in 1916. He again returned to Eng- 
land on active service, and in February, 1917, 
was attached to the Princess Patricias on ser- 
vice in France and was present with them at 
Vimy Ridge. He returned to Canada in 
November of same year and has been gazetted 
Lt.-Colonel of the 12th Regt. York Rangers. 

Groves, Abraham, M.D. (Fergus, Ont.), 
was born in the town of Peterboro, on Sept. 
8, 1847. He is a son of Abraham Groves, 
and Margaret, daughter of Gideon Gibson, 
one of the early pioneers of Canada, who 
served through the war of 1812-15, and fought 
at Lundy's Lane. Mr. Groves came to this 
country with his parents from the County of 
Wicklow, Ireland, about 1826, and settled in 
the vicinity of Peterboro'. In 1856 Mr. 
Groves removed to the County of Wellington, 
taking up his abode in the Township of Gara- 
fraxa, where he pursued the occupation of 
farmer. During the Mackenzie Rebellion 
Mr. Groves took part on the Loyalists' side. 
The fruit of the marriage was thirteen chil- 



dren, the subject of this sketch being the 
second eldest of the family. He at first 
attended the common schools, but after- 
wards entered the High School at Fergus. 
Some time after leaving school he resolved 
to study medicine, and in 1868 entered the 
Toronto School of Medicine, where he re- 
mained until 1871, graduating M.D. in the 
same year, from the Toronto University. 
After graduation he at once went to Fergus 
and entered into partnership with the late 
Dr. Munro, under the firm name of Munro 
& Groves, which partnership existed two 
years. After dissolution Dr. Groves prac- 
tised by himself until 1874, when he took 
into partnership Dr. John Wishart, now 
lecturer at the Western University, at 
London, Ont., which partnership existed one 
year, Dr. Wishart then retiring. How- 
ever, again in 1879, he took into partnership 
Dr. Thomas Chisholm, the association con- 
tinuing for a year. In 1882 he again took 
another partner, Dr. J. F. McMahon, now of 
Toronto, but this combination too dissolved 
in 1883, and since that time Dr. Groves has 
singly conducted one of the largest practices 
in Fergus. In 1869 he graduated from the 
old Toronto Military School; in 1882 he 
was elected to the village council of Fergus, 
and was re-elected for the years of 1883 
and 1884. He was elected reeve for 1885, 
but owing to his position of surgeon of 
the county poor house, he could not retain 
his seat. Dr. Groves is largely interested 
in real estate in the village, owning some 
of the finest buildings there, among which 
structures may be mentioned the Royal 
Bank building, constructed of brown stone. 
He is a member of the Mercer Lodge, A.F. 
and A.M., No 347; is surgeon and member of 
the Oddfellows' lodge No. 73, and has held 
all of the offices in that order. He is also a 
member of the Royal Templars, and physi- 
cian to lodge No. 124. In 1878 Dr. Groves 
was appointed physician and surgeon to the 
Grand Trunk Railway at Fergus, which posi- 
tion he still holds. In 1882 he was appointed 
physician and surgeon to the Wellington 
County House of Industry, and this office he 
still likewise retains. In politics he has held 
aloof from parties, though sincerely inter- 
ested in the welfare of the country. He is a 
member of the Church of England, and has 
been churchwarden for twelve years of St. 
James' Church, Fergus. He married in 1874, 
Jennie, daughter of the late William Gibbon, 
of Elora, and by this lady has a family of two 
children; she died in 1886. On January 29, 
1910, he married Ethel May Burke, only 



daughter of the late D. S. Burke, Esq., of 
Fergus. Dr. Groves enjoys the repute of 
being a very skilful surgeon, and he was the 
first to perform in Canada the operation 
technically known to the profession as supra 
pubic lithotomy. In January, 1901, he estab- 
lished, in Fergus, the Royal Alexandra Hos- 
pital, which has already become widely 
known throughout Western Ontario. He 
also installed the Fergus and Elora Electric 
Light Plant, since taken over by the Hydro- 
Electric. In 1911 he was tendered by unan- 
imous vote the Conservative nomination for 
the House of Commons for the South Riding 
of the County of Wellington, but the pressure 
of his professional work prevented his accept- 
ing. 

Grange, Edward Wilkinson, (Ottawa, 
Ont.), was born at Napanee, July 4, 
1876, a son of Alexander W. Grange and 
his wife, Annabella Daly; educated at 
Napanee Collegiate Institute and Victoria 
University, taking an Honor Course in 
Modern Languages at the latter institution, 
from which he graduated with a degree of 
B.A., in 1899, upon which he took up journal- 
ism as a profession and has since had a very 
extended experience, serving first on "The 
Toronto News" for three years, afterwards on 
"The Mail and Empire." Was in charge of ' 'The 
Globe's" Ottawa Bureau and contributor to 
editorial columns. During Mr. Grange's 
University course he was editor of the "Acta 
Victoriana," in his final year; and President of 
Athletic Union and first holder of the college 
"Athletic Stick"; was editor of Eastern 
Press Service, serving all papers in the Mari- 
time Provinces during Parliamentary ses- 
sions, made Honorary Lieutenant in Can- 
adian Expeditionary Forces and had charge 
of daily press bulletin service to troops Over- 
seas; has been Ottawa correspondent of 
Toronto "Globe" since 1907, also of "The 
Chronicle," Halifax; "Telegraph," St. John; 
"Standard," London, Eng. Secretary for 
three years of the Parliamentary Press Gal- 
lery and President, 1912-13. Resigned from 
"Globe" staff, November, 1918, to engage in 
special work for government branches con- 
nected with re-construction problems and 
also to look after private business interests. 
Mr. Grange is a Liberal and was nominated 
in April, 1915, as Liberal candidate for the 
House of Commons for the riding of Lennox 
and Addington. Ran as an Independent- 
Liberal supporting Military Service Act in 
General Election of 1917. Belongs to the fol - 



lowing clubs: Rideau Club, Rivermead Golf 
Club and Rideau Aquatic Club, Ottawa. He 
married, in 1915, Marion McDougall, a 
daughter of the late John Lome McDougall, 
C.M.G., Auditor-General of Canada, and has 
one son, Edward Alexander McDougall, 
born June 26, 1917. 

Ferguson, Hon. William Nassau (To- 
ronto, Ont.), Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Ontario, Court of Appeals Division, was born 
in Cookstown, Ont., in 1870, the son of Isaac 
and Emily (Gowan) Ferguson, and received 
his education at Upper Canada College and 
Osgoode Hall, graduating from the latter in- 
stitution in 1894. He is a brother of Mrs. 
Arthur Murphy of Edmonton better known 
by her pen name of "Janey Canuck" and 
of Thomas R. Ferguson, K.C., of Toronto 
and Winnipeg. He is also a nephew of ^ the 
late Lieutenant- Colonel T. R. Ferguson, M.P. 
for South Simcoe, and a grandson of the late 
Lieutenant-Colonel Ogle R. Gowan, M.P. for 
Leeds and Grenville, who founded the Orange 
Order in Canada; also a cousin of the late 
Hon. Justice Ferguson of the Supreme Court 
of Ontario. The present Mr. Justice Fer- 
guson became King's Counsel in 1908, was 
elected a Bencher of the Law Society of 
Upper Canada in 1916, and received his 
present appointment in the same year. He 
has always been prominent in outdoor sports, 
having been captain of Upper Canada Col- 
lege and Osgoode Hall Rugby teams, Presi- 
dent of the Ontario Rugby Union and a 
Director of both the Toronto Baseball and 
Lacrosse Clubs. Judge Ferguson is a mem- 
ber of the following clubs: Albany, Toronto, 
National, R.C.Y.C., Ontario Jockey and 
Toronto Hunt, as also of the Masonic and 
Orange Orders. He is a Trustee of the Hos- 
pital for Sick Children and a member of the 
Executive of the Toronto and York Patriotic 
Fund, an Anglican in religion and a Conserva- 
tive in politics. His recreations are golf, 
fishing and motoring. "A lawyer in love 
with law and enamored of common sense, the 
Ontario Judiciary will be strengthened by 
his ability and vigor." Toronto "Telegram," 
December 9, 1916. 

Burpee, Lawrence Johnston (Ottawa, 
Ont.), the son of Lewis Johnston Burpee and 
Alice DeMill Burpee, was born at Halifax, 
N.S., March 5, 1873, and educated at pub- 
lic and private schools. In 1899 he married 
Maud Hanington, daughter of the late Rev. 
Canon Hanington, of Ottawa, and has five 
children Ruth, Lawrence, Margaret, Ed- 



ward and Arthur. He is Secretary of the 
International Joint Commission and has 
acted as private secretary to three successive 
Ministers of Justice in the Dominion Govern- 
ment, and for several years was Librarian of 
the Ottawa Public Library; is the author of 
several publications, namely: "Canadian Life 
in Town and Country" (1905); "The Search 
for the Western Sea" (1908); "Flowers from 
a Canadian Garden" (1909); "Fragments of 
Haliburton" (1909); "By Canadian Streams" 
(1909); "Songs of French Canada" (1909); 
"A Little Book of Canadian Essays" (1909); 
"A Century of Canadian Sonnets" (1910); 
"Canadian Eloquence" (1910); "Dictionary 
of Canadian History" (1911); "Scouts of 
Empire" (1912); "Canadian Humor" (1911), 
"Among the Canadian Alps" (1913); "Sand- 
ford Fleming, Empire Builder" (1915); 
"Pathfinders of the Great Plains" (1915); 
"Soldier's Dictionary" (1916); and has in 
press at the present time, "Journals of La 
Verendrye" (Champlain Society), and "Fur 
Traders of the West" (Oxford Press). He 
has also contributed to Encyclopaedia Britan- 
nica, Encyclopaedia Americana, Canada and its 
Provinces, Royal Society Transactions, British 
Association, etc. ; is a member of the Royal So- 
ciety of Canada, Royal Geographical Society, 
Societe Archaeologique de France, American 
Library Institute, Ontario Historical Society, 
American Library Association, Champlain 
Society, Nova Scotia Historical Society, His- 
torical Society of the Mississippi Valley, 
Bibliographical Society of America. He is a 
member of the Church of England, Conserva- 
tive in politics, and Captain in the Governor- 
General's Foot Guards, Ottawa, and the 2nd 
Depot Battalion, E.O.R. Mr. Burpee is a 
member of the Royal Ottawa Golf Club, and 
also takes a deep interest in chess. 

Boyer, Louis (Westmount, P.Q.), the son 
of a merchant, L. Alphonse Boyer, M.P., and 
Alphonsine Meilluer, and relation of Hon. 
Arthur Boyer and^Hon. George Simard; was 
born in Montreal, Que., January 23, 1872, 
educated at the Normal School, Montreal 
College and McGill University; graduated 
from Laval and McGill with the degrees of 
B.A., B.C.L., K.C.; was formerly attorney 
for the city of Westmount and the town of 
Cartierville. Is a member of the Roman 
Catholic Church, and on November 3, 1898, 
married Marie Sophie Alice Mathieu, the 
daughter of Aim6 Mathieu, of Montreal, her 
father being a merchant of that city. They 
have ten children, Jeanne, Marthe, Claire, 
Simone, Marcelle, Pauline, Madeleine, Ther- 



ese, Lucienne and Cecile. Mr. Boyer is a 
member of the following clubs: namely, 
University, Montreal Reform, Shawinigan 
Fish and Game and the St. George Snow Shoe 
Club; is a Liberal in politics and is well 
known as a prominent speaker and is in great 
demand at political campaigns. He is a 
Director of the Franco-American Chemical 
Co., also of the Canadian Inspections and 
Testing Laboratories, Ltd. 

Edwards, John Wesley, B.A., M.D., 
C.M., M.P., son of George Edwards of the 
County of Norfolk, England, and Elizabeth 
Jane Lyon, of the County of Frontenac, Ont., 
the latter being of U.E. Loyalist stock and 
among the first settlers in Frontenac. Born 
in the County of Frontenac May 25, 
1865, and educated at the Syden'ham High 
School, Ottawa, Normal School and Queen's 
University, Kingston; graduated from the 
latter in Arts and Medicine in the year 1900. 
Married August 12, 1890, to Hester Jane 
Purdy, daughter of Robert G. Purdy, and is 
the father of the following children: Edna, 
John Worden, Sadie, Evelyn, and Elizabeth. 
Before graduating in medicine the subject 
of this sketch taught school for several years, 
and was County Clerk of Frontenac from 
1899 to 1909, and Gaol Surgeon of the County 
Gaol at Kingston from 1907 to 1909. First 
elected to the House of Commons for Fron- 
tenac County in the general elections of 1908 
by a majority of 421, re-elected at the general 
election of 1911 by a majority of 851, and 
again returned in the war time election of 
1917 by a majority of nearly 2,000. Doctor 
Edwards is regarded as one of the best in- 
formed and energetic of the Conservative 
members of the House of Commons, and was 
selected as one of the Liberal-Conservative 
whips for Ontario in the Session of 1911 and 
1912. He is a member of the Executive of 
the Canadian Order of Chosen Friends, and 
for the past three-and-a-half years has been 
the Executive Head of that Order. He is a 
prominent Orangeman, being Deputy Grand 
Master for Ontario East. In religion he is 
a Methodist. 

Beith, Hon. Robert (Bowmanville, Ont.), 
was born on May 17, 1843, of Scotch parent- 
age, and is the son of Alexander Beith and 
Catharine McTaggart, of Argyllshire, Scot- 
land, who migrated to Bowmanville many 
years ago. He was educated at the public 
and private schools of that town and later 
took a commercial course at Day's College, 
Toronto. After receiving his education he 



started business life as a farmer, later be- 
coming one of the largest stock breeders 
in Ontario, and has imported much of the 
finest breeding stock in the country during 
the past thirty-five years. As a citizen 
and public man he is held in the highest 
esteem, and has received the highest honors 
to be had from his home town and sur- 
rounding localities. Having ambitions other 
than business, he drifted into public life, 
and received the nomination as the Liberal 
candidate for the House of Commons for West 
Durham in 1891 and was elected; was re- 
elected in 1896, and defeated in 1900. In the 
by-election of 1902 he was again elected, 
and retained his seat up to 1904, when he 
voluntarily retired. West Durham has been 
the scene of many hard fought political bat- 
tles, and at times was contested by men high 
up in the ranks of both political parties, 
brought in from outside places, among whom 
were the late Hon. Edward Blake and Mr. 
George Tate Blackstock, one of the most 
learned legal lights in Canada. It has always 
been conceded that Robert Beith was the one 
man who could win West Durham for the 
Liberal Party. On January 15, 1907, he was 
summoned to the Senate by Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier, and is recognized as an able Senator. 
He is a bachelor, and in religion a Presby- 
terian. On all occasions, during the world- 
wide war, he was ready to help Can- 
ada do her share, and contributed in many 
ways that will never be known to the public 
at large, in helping the Motherland and her 
Allies to keep flying the flags that stand for 
freedom against Prussianism. 

Dymond, Allan Malcolm (Toronto, Ont.) 
was born at Brixton, Surrey, England, Sept- 
ember 25, 1864, came to Canada with his 
parents in 1869 and received his education at 
Upper Canada College. He studied law in 
the office of Blake, Kerr, Boyd & Cassels, and 
subsequently with the Hon. A. S. Hardy, and 
Henderson & Small, and was called to the Bar 
in 1885. He practised law in Toronto until 
1889, when he entered the service of the 
province as Law Secretary to the Attorney- 
General; was appointed Law Clerk of the 
Legislative Assembly in 1890. In Novem- 
ber, 1890, he married Emma Stanton Mellish, 
Mus. Bac., eldest daughter of the late Rev. 
H. P. Mellish, Rector of Caledonia, Haldi- 
mand County, Ontario. Was a member of 
and acted as Secretary to the Commission 
for the Revision of the Statutes in 1897, and 
the Commission (1906-1914) which prepared 
the Revised Statutes of Ontario, 1914. Was 



appointed King's Counsel by the Ontario 
Government in 1902. He is a specialist in 
the construction of Statutes and Parliament, 
ary draughtsmanship, and has been concerned 
in the preparation or revision of most of the 
important legislation of the province since 
his appointment. Is a member of the Church 
of England a liberal High Churchman. 

Coyne, James Henry, M.A., LL.D., 
F.R.S.G. (St. Thomas, Ont.), was born at 
St. Thomas, Ont., October 3, 1849. James 
H. Coyne is the second son of William and 
Christina Coyne, and was educated at the 
common school in his native town, until he 
was eleven years old, when he passed into the 
Grammar School, then under the charge of 
the late Mr. (Rev.) Nelson Burns, M.A. At 
fourteen years of age, he matriculated in the 
University of Toronto, carrying off the first 
general proficiency scholarship, and first- 
class honors in classics, mathematics, French, 
etc. Owing to his extreme youth, he did not 
enter University College until 1867. He de- 
voted himself chiefly to classics and modern 
languages, and, after gaining numerous schol- 
arships and prizes at the University and col- 
lege during his undergraduate course, gradu- 
ated in 1870, carrying off the Prince of Wales' 
prize for general proficiency, the gold medal 
in moderns, a silver medal in classics, the 
French essay prize, and first-class honors in 
history and ethnology. In 1884 he was 
elected by his fellow-graduates a member of 
the Senate of the University, a position he 
still holds. After graduating, the subject of 
this sketch entered the law office of the late 
Colin Macdougall, Q.C., at St. Thomas; in- 
terrupted his law studies for a year to take 
charge of the Cornwall High School, where 
he was headmaster during the year 1871; 
returned then to Mr. Macdougall's office for 
a year, and then removed to Toronto, where 
he served for two years in the office of Bethune 
& Hoyles. He was admitted to the bar in 
Michaelmas term, 1874, passing first without 
an oral, both as barrister and as attorney; 
and at once entered into partnership with 
his former principal, Mr. Macdougall, at St. 
Thomas. The law firm of Macdougall & 
Coyne existed until 1880, when it was dis- 
solved. Shortly afterwards, Mr. Coyne 
entered into partnership with J. Mann, under 
the firm name of Coyne & Mann. The 
partnership continued until Mr. Coyne's ap- 
pointment in Dec., 1888, as Registrar for the 
County of Elgin. During the Fenian excite- 
ment of 1866, Mr. Coyne joined the St. 
Thomas Rifles, and served during three cam- 



paigns in that year: First at London, during 
March, when some thousands of regulars and 
volunteers were brigaded there; then at Port 
Stanley and Sarnia, in June; and finally in 
camp at Thorold in August, where he acted 
as quartermaster-sergeant to the Provisional 
Battalion of volunteers, who were then 
brigaded with regulars and other volunteers 
under Wolseley. He holds the Fenian Raid 
medal. The following year he joined the 
famous University company of the Queen's 
Own Rifles, of which he remained a member 
until his graduation, with the degree of B.A., 
June,*1870. He received the degree of M.A. 
(with "honors) Toronto University, 1905, and 
the degree of LL.D. (honorary) from Queen's 
University, Kingston, 1909. He was a mem- 
ber of the great Reform Convention, at To- 
ronto, in 1883, and was selected to speak to 
one of the resolutions passed by the conven- 
tion. He also attended the Young Liberal 
Convention of 1885, as a delegate. In 1876, 
owing to a serious illness, he was obliged to 
give up work for a year and a half. Eleven 
months of this vacation were devoted to a 
visit to Europe, including England, Scotland, 
Ireland, Belgium, the Rhine, Switzerland, 
France and Italy. On Nov. 21, 1877, Mr. 
Coyne married Matilda, third daughter of 
the late John George Bowes, for several years 
Mayor, and M.P.P. for the city of Toronto, 
and is the father of four sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz., James Bowes, Annie Christine 
Elliott, John George Bowes, Margaret 
Adelaide, Henry Every 11 Bowes, and William 
Gordon Bowes. A member of the fol- 
lowing clubs and societies, viz.: Golf and 
Country Club, St. Thomas, President Elgin 
Historical and Scientific Institute, which he 
organized in 1891; President The Veterans' 
Association, St. Thomas.; The University of 
Toronto Alumni Association of the County 
of Elgin; Honorary President The St. Thomas 
Philharmonic Society; Vice-President and 
Ex-officio Councillor The Ontario Historical 
Society; Member of the Council of the 
Champlain Society since organization, mem- 
ber of the executive Committee of the Board 
of Management of Alma College, St. Thomas; 
member of the American Historical Asso- 
ciation, and of the National Geographic 
Society, member of the Societe du Parler 
Francais du Canada, member Methodist 
Historical Society ; Canadian Folk-lore Society, 
St. Thomas Horticultural Society, Corres- 
ponding member Buffalo Historical Society, 
member Canadian Defence League and the 
Canadian National Peace Committee; also of 



Committee of Memorial to Heroes of 1812-14 
Association; Chairman of the Soldiers' Aid 
Commission and member of Council of Ser- 
bian Committee for the County of Elgin and 
City of St. Thomas. Has held the following 
offices besides those mentioned above : Mem- 
ber of Executive Committee of the University 
of Toronto; President of The Children's Aid 
Society of the County of Elgin on its organi- 
zation; President (1882) of the East Elgin 
Reform Association; President (1883) of St. 
Andrew's Society; President (1905-8) of the 
Handel Society; President (1909-10) of the 
St. Thomas Operatic Society; Chairman for 
many years of the Executive Committee of 
Board of Management Alma College. He was 
one of the first vice-presidents of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto Alumni Association (general 
organization) and first honorary president of 
the St. Thomas Liberal Club. In 1886 he 
contested West Elgin at the Provincial gen- 
eral elections, but was defeated by A. B. 
Ingram, by 43 votes. In 1888, appointed, 
by the government of Sir Oliver Mowat, 
Registrar of Elgin, and in 1892, at the request 
of the County Council, Local Master of 
Titles for the County of Elgin and the city 
of St. Thomas, on the introduction of the 
Torrens System of land registration. In 
1897 was elected President of the Pioneer and 
Historical Association of the Province of 
Ontario, founded by the late Rev. Dr. Henry 
Scadding, and at once proceeded to organize 
it upon a wider basis of membership and with 
a much wider scope, under the name of The 
Ontario Historical Society (incorporated in 
1899 by special Act of the Ontario Legisla- 
ture). The presidency of the the new society 
was held by him until 1902, when he was 
succeeded by the late C. C. James. Under the 
auspices of the Society was held, in 1899, the 
great Historical Exhibition at Victoria Col- 
lege, Toronto. In 1906 was elected a Fellow 
of the Royal Society of Canada. He was 
President of Section II (English Literature 
and History) in 1910-1911. In 1892 was 
member of Central Committee for the cele- 
bration of the Centennial of Upper Canada. 
Dr. Coyne is a gentleman of indefatigable 
energy, ripe scholarship, and possessed of a 
fine style and his literary investigations have 
been of great public value. Notwithstand- 
ing large professional duties, he has delivered 
many notable addresses and is the author of 
several interesting publications, among which 
may be mentioned, "The South wold Earth- 
work and The Country of the Neutrals" 
(1893); "The Country of the Neutrals from 






Champlain to Talbot" (1895); "Presidential 
Addresses to The Ontario Historical Society" 
(1898-1902); "First Steps in the Discovery 
and Exploration of Ontario" (1899); "A 
Century of Achievement" (1899) reprinted 
with some changes and additions in Metho- 
dist Magazine (1901); "Exploration of 1;he 
Great Lakes (1669-1670), by Dollier de Cas- 
son and de Brehant de Galinee, Galinee's 
narrative and map with an English version, 
including all the map legends" (1903); 
"Richard Maurice Bucke," a sketch (1906); 
"The Talbot Papers with Preface, Introduc- 
tion and Annotations" (1909); "Pathfinders 
of the Great Lakes" (1912); "The Indian 
Occupation of Southern Ontario" (1916). 
In religion Dr. Coyne is v, Methodist, and 
finds recreation in golf. 

Breithaupt, Louis J. (Kitchener, Ont.), 
Leather Manufacturer, is President of the 
Breithaupt Leather Company, Limited, with 
tanneries at Kitchener, Penetanguishene and 
Woodstock, and Secretary of the Hast- 
ings Tanning Company, Limited, Hastings, 
Ont. For years Mr. Breithaupt was a mem- 
ber of the Berlin now Kitchener City 
Council as Councillor, Deputy Reeve, Reeve 
and Mayor, which last office he held for two 
years. He was also a member of the Water- 
loo County Council; Warden of the County 
in 1898, and a member of the Provincial 
Legislature of Ontario from 1900 to 1902. 
His fellow-citizens, in fact, have honored this 
representative Canadian with practically 
every office in their gift, he having also been 
Chairman of the Schools and Park Boards, 
and at various times President of what was 
then the Berlin Board of Trade. He has 
taken an active interest in the work of the 
local Canadian Patriotic Fund, of which he 
was Vice-President for two and a half 
years, and afterward became President. 
Mr. Breithaupt was on the first board of 
the Kitchener- Waterloo Hospital and has 
been a Director of the Economical Fire 
Insurance Company of Kitchener for many 
years, and also a Director and member 
of the Executive Board of the Mutual Life 
Assurance Company of Canada, whose head 
office is at Waterloo, Ont. Louis Breithaupt 
is the eldest son of Louis and Catharine 
(Hailer) Breithaupt, his grandfather having 
come to Waterloo County in 1831, where he 
was one of the earliest manufacturers and 
built the fifth or sixth house in the embryo 
city of Berlin. At the time of his demise in 
1880, after an active life, Mr. Louis Breith- 
aupt, Senior, was its Mayor. The subject 



of this sketch was born at Buffalo, N.Y., 
March 3, 1855, and was educated in 
the Public and Grammar Schools of Berlin 
(now Kitchener), and in Toronto. He mar- 
ried Emma Alvarene, second daughter of the 
late Benjamin Devitt, J.P., ex-Mayor of 
Waterloo, by whom he has eight children. 
Louise Evelyn, Emma Lilian, Martha Edna, 
Rose Melvina, Louis Orville, William Walter, 
Catharine Olive and Paul Theodore. Among 
his clubs are the Grand River, Country and 
Golf, and Kitchener Clubs, of Kitchener, and 
the Ontario, of Toronto. He is a member of 
the Evangelical Association in religion, and 
an Independent Liberal in politics. 

Best, John (Shelburne, Ont.), was born 
in Australia in 1861, of Irish parentage. His 
father, John Best, was a farmer, and his 
mother was Elizabeth Rolland. The sub- 
ject of this sketch received his education in 
the public school at Whitfield, in the County 
of Dufferin, and for many years has been 
prominent in the municipal life of his town- 
ship and county. For 14 years he was a 
member of the County Council, and for 7 
years President of The Dufferin Fire Insur- 
ance Company. In 1909 he was selected as 
successor to the late Dr. L. John Barr, M.P., 
as the Liberal-Conservative candidate for 
Dufferin in the House of Commons, being 
returned by acclamation in 1911. He was 
again elected on the Reciprocity issue by the 
large" majority of 1,459. Elected in 1917 by 
over 2,600 majority. Mr. Best has proven 
a most capable and efficient representative, 
being thoroughly well versed in all the 
problems which especially concern his con- 
stituents. A practical farmer, he takes a 
lively interest in everything tending to pro- 
mote the advancement of the basic interest 
industry of agriculture. Realizing the im- 
portance and advantage of the govern- 
mental scheme of Rural Mail Delivery, and 
its necessity and benefit, he advocated its 
extension and development in his own riding, 
where it has now reached the highest degree 
of efficiency and service. He is also a liberal 
supporter of Agricultural Societies. Mr. 
B est is well informed on all matters of Na- 
tional importance, and is a ready and effec- 
tive speaker. The inclination and ability for 
public service is a family characteristic, for 
two of Mr. Best's cousins are in the Imperial 
Parliament, Mr. James Best, M.P., and Mr. 
Thomas Best, M.P., who represents an Irish 
constituency. In 1887 Mr. Best married 
Charlotte, only daughter of Mr. Thomas 
Thompson, of Thornbury, and has one son 



43 



John Chester. The member for Dufferin is 
prominent in the Orange Order, being Past 
County Master. In religion he is a member 
of the Church of England. Recreations: 
Motoring and fishing. 

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie (Belleville, Ont.). 
A name universally known in Canada is 
that of the late Hon. Sir Mackenzie Bowell, 
K.C.M.G., ex-Premier of the Dominion and 
ex-Leader of the Conservative Party in the 
Senate. He was born on December 27th, 
1823, at Rickinghall, Suffolk, England, the 
son of the late John Bowell, a carpenter and 
builder. He came to Canada with his 
parents, ten years later, the family locating 
at Belleville, Ont., then Upper Canada, 
which has ever since remained his home, and 
where he was shortly afterwards apprenticed 
to learn the trade of a printer in the office of 
the Belleville "Intelligencer," a newspaper 
of which in after years he became editor and 
proprietor. As a young man, Sir Mackenzie 
became prominent in public affairs. He be- 
came an Ensign in the Belleville Rifle Com- 
pany, which he assisted in organizing in 1857, 
and was one of the corps of observation on 
service in Western Ontario during the Am- 
erican Civil War. During the Fenian Raids 
of 1866 he was on service at Prescott. In 
1874 he retired from the service with the 
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel of the 49th Bat- 
talion. He also became prominent in the 
Orange Order and rose to the position of 
Grand Master and Sovereign of the Order 
for British North America and President of 
the Tri-annual Council of the Orangemen of 
the World. He also took an interest in edu- 
cational matters and served as Chairman of 
the Public and Grammar School Boards, as 
Vice-President of the Agricultural and Arts 
Association of Ontario, and as President of 
the Ontario Press Association. A Conserva- 
tive by conviction, he was a candidate in 
North Hastings for the Canadian Assembly, 
in 1863. He was defeated. In 1867, he was 
elected to the House of Commons for the 
same constituency and held the seat continu- 
ously for twenty-five years, until his eleva- 
tion to the Senate in 1892. He was a mem- 
ber of the select committee of Parliament to 
inquire into the troubles in the North- West 
Territories in 1869-70. When the rebel 
leader, Louis Riel, was elected to the House 
of Commons, shortly afterwards, the subject 
of this sketch moved his expulsion as a traitor 
to the Crown. After the Conservative vic- 
tory of 1878, he entered Sir John A. Mac- 
donald's Cabinet as Minister of Customs, and 



held that portfolio for thirteen years. In 
that capacity it devolved upon him to carry 
out the new tariff system known as the Na- 
tional Policy. On the death of Sir John A. 
Macdonald, he became Minister of Militia in 
Sir John Abbott's Cabinet, and on the demise 
of the latter, Minister of Trade and Commerce 
in Sir John Thompson's Ministry. After the 
latter's tragic death at Windsor Castle, Eng- 
land, he was called on in December, 1894, to 
from a Cabinet, which he succeeded in doing, 
taking the portfolio of President of the Coun- 
cil, and on January 1, 1895, was made 
Knight Commander of the Most Distin- 
guished Order of St. Michael and St. George. 
When the Manitoba School question arose, 
he was a strong advocate of justice to the 
minority, and after some differences with his 
colleagues, he resigned the Premiership on 
April 27, 1896. He was succeeded by Sir 
Charles Tupper, who paid him the compli- 
ment of adopting his policy. In 1893, dur- 
ing his incumbency as Minister of Trade and 
Commerce, he went to Australia to promote 
inter-Imperial trade and the laying of an all- 
British Pacific cable between Canada and 
that continent. Early in 1896 he went to 
England to urge forward the Canadian-Aus- 
tralia or "all-red" cable, now an accom- 
plished fact, and sat in the third congress on 
the subject which met in London, England. 
In 1896 he resumed the active control of the 
"Belleville Intelligencer," which he had re- 
linquished when he entered Sir John A. 
Macdonald's Cabinet in 1878. In Belleville 
he was regarded as the "grand old man, and 
no Canadian boasted a wider circle of friends 
in the country at large. The amiability of 
his nature, his large intellectual capacity and 
his ability as a public speaker, marked him 
for distinction. In religion he was a Meth- 
odist, and was married in December, 1847, to 
Harriet Louisa, eldest daughter of the late 
Jacob G. Moore, of Belleville. His helpmate 
died in 1884, and he followed her to the 
grave in 1918. Of nine children born to 
them, five survive. 

Langley, James P., Toronto, was born 
in the Provincial Capital on June 15, 1864, 
and educated in Toronto, graduating from 
the Model School in 1877. Son of Aylmer 
Langley and Alice (Thornber), his father 
being a native of Ireland and his mother born 
in New York State. The subject of this 
sketch early developed a marked ability as 
an expert accountant and was one of the 
early members of the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants of Ontario, an institution which 






has done much to stimulate the study of 
higher accounting and to keep pace with the 
commercial and municipal necessities of the 
day, and is a Fellow of the Institute so found- 
ed. Mr. Langley is recognized as a man with 
a large and intimate knowledge of industrial 
and financial enterprises, and his services are 
in constant requisition by such institutions 
throughout the Dominion. He is retained 
annually as the auditor of many leading 
business concerns, and is trustee of large 
estates, his extended experience making his 
advice particularly dependable. Mr. Lang- 
ley married Carrie, daughter of Nathan 
Brower, of New Jersey, U.S., and has one 
son, Clarence Aylmer. He is a member of 
the Masonic order and of the Granite and 
Albany Clubs, Toronto. He is also a Justice 
of the Peace; a member of the Church of 
England. Politically he is a Liberal-Con- 
servative. Recreations, motoring and golf. 
Mr. Langley is one of the best known busi- 
ness men in the province and enjoys the con- 
fidence of the mercantile community in a 
marked degree. 

Chamberlain, Theodore F., M.D., only 
son of Asher A. and Eliza Ann Chamberlain. 
Born at Harlem, County of South Leeds, On- 
tario, July 6, 1838. His family came from 
Birmingham, England, and were in politics, 
Cobdenites. The family crest bears the 
motto "Sapiens et Fidus." His father 
was born in Vermont, U.S., Feb. 12, 1810, 
and came to Upper Canada in 1815, locating 
in the County of South Leeds. After 
attending school at Potsdam, N.Y., he 
entered the Medical College at Fairfield, 
N.Y., after which he returned to Harlem, 
South Leeds, and began the practice of 
medicine, which profession he followed 
with more than common success, until his 
death at Athens, on February 20, 1883. 
He was Past Master of Harmony Masonic 
Lodge, Leeds, one of the oldest, if not the 
oldest, Masonic lodge in Upper Canada. He 
was Major in the Eighth Battalion, Leeds 
Militia, was a staunch temperance man, a 
member of the Methodist Church, and always 
took an active part in politics, from the 
troublous times of the Rebellion of 1836-7 
down to the time of his death. At the time 
of the Beverly Election Riots in South Leeds, 
he nearly lost his life at the hands of the 
Tory Party under the leadership of Ogle R. 
Gowan's Orangemen. He was one of the 
deputation from Upper Canada who went to 
the rescue of Lord Elgin at the time of the 
burning of the Parliament Buildings in Mon- 



treal in 1849. His connection with the 
Masonic lodge has already been noticed; this 
lodge he resuscitated at Farmersville, in 1859, 
under the name of "Rising Sun Lodge," and 
was for several years its Master; was a Jus- 
tice of the Peace, Postmaster at Harlem, 
and held other positions of trust. Dr. 
Chamberlain's mother was Eliza Ann Toffey, 
and was born at Quaker Hill, N.Y., Oct. 15, 
1803, and died at Athens, formerly Farmers- 
ville, on March 20, 1894. The grandparents 
on both sides lived to very advanced years. 
The doctor has one sister, born at Harlem, 
August 2, 1836, and now living (1913) in 
Toronto. She is the widow of the late J. C. 
Miller, ex-M.P.P. for Parry Sound and Mus- 
koka District, and owner of the Parry Sound 
Lumber Co. The early education of the sub- 
ject of this sketch was gained from parental 
instruction at night around the old home 
fireside, and at the Township School. He 
attended the Grammar School at Perth for 
some months in 1851, and then served some 
two years as clerk in the general mercantile 
establishment of Henry Laishley, at Elgin, 
where he gained the business training and 
experience that stood him so well in later life. 
In 1851 he served as Lieutenant, under Capt. 
Wm. J. Smith, and Col. Young, in the 8th 
Battalion of Leeds Militia. Later he took 
up the study of dentistry in the office of F. 
D. Laughlin, Ottawa. After practising his 
profession for some time, he went, in the fall 
of 1857, to New York City, but later, yield- 
ing to solicitations of his father, he returned 
to his home in Athens, to take up medicine. 
He matriculated at Queen's College, King- 
ston, in 1859, and passed the final examina- 
tion in March, 1862, receiving the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine and Surgery, and his 
license to practice in Canada, from the hands 
of Governor-General Monk. On the 13th of 
April following, Dr. Chamberlain located at 
Morrisburg, County of Dundas, on the St. 
Lawrence River, and during the succeeding 
years built up a large and lucrative practice. 
In 1859 he was requested by the government 
of Sir Oliver Mowat to take the Inspector- 
ship of Public Institutions of Ontario. The 
history of the doctor during these years is the 
history of a busy life. Besides following his 
profession, he served as Reeve of his muni- 
cipality, member of the Counties' Council, 
and Warden of the United Counties of Stor- 
mont, Dundas and Glengarry, Justice of the 
Peace, Health Officer, member of the High 
and Public Board of Education, Director of 
the Agricultural Association, and Director of 



45 



the Parry Sound Lumber Company. In- 
spector of schools for County of Dundas. At 
the time of the Fenian Raid, he was member 
of a strong company of volunteers under 
Captain I. N. Rose, Superintendent of the 
Williamsburg Canals, and with other mem- 
bers of the company was out night and day 
on guard at the locks, and in the village, as 
an attack was daily expected to be made by 
General O'Neal. On the 1st of July, the 
General with 1,600 men appeared on the 
bank of the river opposite Morrisburg. The 
Government of Sir John A. Macdonald, real- 
izing the seriousness of the situation, and 
desirous of keeping informed of O'Neal's 
movements, appointed a man to keep in 
touch with O'Neal's forces, but this man fail- 
ing to accept, Dr. Chamberlain, a strong 
personal, but not a political, friend of Sir 
John's, was detailed for this duty. He ac- 
cepted the appointment, and taking his 
horses and buggy, and accompanied by a 
young man named Leslie Weaver, set out to 
follow the Fenian force, and to report as 
fully as possible their movements and designs. 
Crossing the river to Waddington, N.Y., on 
Capt. Murphy's Ferry, on July 9, he found 
that the Fenians had moved, and he followed 
them to Malone, about 50 miles distant, over- 
taking them about dark. Staying over night 
and having obtained all information possible, 
he left the next morning for Plattsburgh, 
which place he made that evening. After a 
wearisome and anxious night, he left Platts- 
burgh for Whitehall, at the foot of Lake 
Champlain, arriving there the next morning, 
and at Saratoga in the evening. He con- 
tinued the journey to Troy and Albany, and 
returned thence to Ogdensburg, Prescott, and 
home to Morrisburg. The result of this close 
espionage, and prompt reports by the scouts, 
and the careful guarding of the river, was 
that the invaders were compelled to abandon 
their design of crossing the river, and to turn 
their faces to the west. The doctor's ser- 
vices on this occasion were most effective and 
valuable, yet he never applied for nor received 
land grant, or medal, nor refund of his ex- 
penditure. In 1879, the doctor, as Warden, 
was appointed by the Counties' Council, then 
in session, to go as their representative to the 
eastern boundary of the province, to meet 
their Excellencies, the Governor-General, the 
Marquis of Lome, and the Princess Louise, 
and welcome them to Ontario. Later in the 
year he presented to their Excellencies at 
Government House, Ottawa, an address on 
behalf of the inhabitants of the United Coun- 



ties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry. 
The doctor has always been an ardent politi- 
cian, an indefatigable worker, and a vigorous 
but generous opponent. He was the candi- 
date of the Reform Party for the Legislative 
Assembly for the county in 1879, and was 
defeated by 81 votes. In 1882, he was again 
the party candidate, this time for the House 
of Commons, and again defeated by 79 votes. 
Nothing discouraged, he again came before 
the Electors, in 1886, for the Assembly, and 
was elected by 25 majority. He was de- 
feated next election by 28 votes, and again 
in 1904, was defeated for the Commons. In 
conjunction with his brother-in-law, Mr. W. 
G. Parish, of Athens, he established in the 
seventies, the first three cheese factories in 
Eastern Ontario. He carried on an exten- 
sive drug business in Morrisburg, from 1886 
to 1873, when he sold it to Messrs. Carman 
and Brown. In 1871, he received the degree 
of L.R-C.P.S. from Queen's College, King- 
ston, as well as that of F.B.S. During his 
practice in Morrisburg he had as students, 
Messrs. Hart, McLean, Howes, Musgrove, 
Lane, Shibbley, Beckstead and McKay, all 
of whom became successful practitioners. 
He was always a strong advocate of temper- 
ance, and a member of the Methodist Church. 
He became a member, under dispensation of 
the Grand Master, of Rising Sun Masonic 
Lodge, Athens, in 1857, and joined Excelsior 
Lodge, Morrisburg, No. 142, G.R.C., in 1862, 
and is yet an honorary life member, having 
filled every office in the gift of the lodge, and 
having received various decorations and gold 
medals. In 1867 he became a member of 
the Grenville Royal Arch Chapter, No. 23, 
at Prescott. In 1869-70 he was elected by 
the Grand Lodge, District-Deputy Grand 
Master for St. Lawrence District. In 1885 
he received the 95 degrees in the Supreme 
Rite of Memphis, known as the Sovereign 
Sanctuary Degrees. In 1873 the doctor ex- 
plored the country east and north of Lake 
Superior to the height of land, examining for 
timber and minerals. In 1878 he explored 
the country along the shores of Georgian Bay, 
the "Soo," and to the head of Lake Nipissing. 
In 1883 he visited part of the southern, mid- 
dle and western States, including California, 
Colorado, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico and 
Mexico. In 1889, leaving Montreal, he 
travelled through the North- Western Terri- 
tories, and Victoria, Vancouver, Puget Sound, 
and Washington Territory. From 1889 to 
1904, he acted as one of the Provincial In- 
spectors of Asylums, Prisons, Gaols and Hos- 



46 



pitals, serving in that capacity until 1904, 
when he resigned, owing to ill health. In 
1906 he was appointed by the Dominion Gov- 
ernment, under the Public Health Depart- 
ment, Inspector of all the doctors employed 
on Public Works, from the Red River to the 
Pacific Ocean. In pursuance of the duties 
of this position, he had to travel distances of 
from 1,000 to 1,500 miles at a trip, ford rivers, 
make his own trail over prairies, sleep in a 
tent wherever night overtook him, in that 
great lone land. In the winter of 1907, he 
sent in his resignation, and in the spring of 
1908, inspected and estimated the timber on 
the Dokis Indian Reserve, Lake Nipissing. 
The pine timber on this Reserve was sold by 
the Government at Ottawa in June, and the 
doctor bought one of the limits, and in the 
fall had buildings, appliances, and materials 
complete for lumbering operations. During 
the winter he took out, and in the spring sent, 
2,300 pieces of board timber, for the English 
market, by way of Lake Nipissing to Cal- 
lender, thence by rail to Kingston, and raft- 
ing it thence to Quebec, He closed up this 
deal, and in 1910 went to California, visiting 
by the way, the principal cities in the West. 
During the past 30 years, he has bought and 
sold large quantities of pine timber in On- 
tario, and prospected for and located mines 
in the Rainy River and Lake-of-the- Woods 
Districts, and explored almost every part of 
Northern Ontario mining and timber lands. 
Dr. Chamberlain married, in 1862, Annetta, 
third daughter of Arza Parish, Esq., mer- 
chant, Athens. He has one son, W. P., born 
at Morrisburg on May 19, 1863, and one 
daughter, also born at Morrisburg, March 
8, 1871. The Dr. and Mrs. Chamberlain 
celebrated their golden wedding on July 3, 
1912. They had resided in Toronto since 1890, 
but the lure of his profession became too 
strong, and so the doctor has improved and 
embellished his beautiful residence in Morris- 
burg, fitted it up with all the latest devices 
and scientific appliances, and is conducting 
most successfully a Sanatorium for the relief 
and cure of suffering humanity. 

Chapleau, Major Samuel Edmour St. 
Onge, ex-clerk of the Senate, clerk of the 
Parliaments and master in chancery, was 
born at Syracuse, New York, in 1839. He 
is the second son of the late Pierre Chapleau, 
of Terrebonne, Quebec, and was educated at 
Terrebonne College. In 1860 he went to the 
United States, and at the outbreak of the 
Civil War, in 1861, entered the regular army 
of that country and received in succession, 



promotion to the ranks of second lieutenant, 
first lieutenant and Captain of the 16th 
Regiment of Infantry. He also received the 
rank of brevet- Captain for gallant and merit- 
orious service at the battle of Murfreesboro, 
Tennessee, and that of Major for gallant ser- 
vice during the Atlanta campaign and at the 
battle of Jonesboro, Georgia. He was at the 
battle of Shiloh, at the Siege of Corinth, and 
at the battles of Chickamauga and Chatta- 
nooga. He was sent to Memphis in 1866 
during the riots in that city, and in 1868 was 
in command of the troops at Augusta, Geor- 
gia, during the riots which took place between 
the whites and the colored people on the oc- 
casion of the first election of President Grant. 
He retired from the United States Army, 
January 1, 1871, and September 15, 1873, 
entered the Civil Service of Canada. He suc- 
cessively held the appointments of Secretary 
Department of Public Works, Sheriff of the 
North- West Territories, and Clerk of the 
Crown in Chancery. On January 27, 1900, 
he was appointed Clerk of the Senate and 
held that position until he retired, in the 
early part of 1917. In view of his long and 
faithful service in the Senate, Major Chap- 
leau was appointed an honorary officer of 
that house and is allowed entree and seat at 
the table on the occasions of ceremony. He 
married Caroline K., third daughter of the 
late Lieut.-Col. G. W. Patten, of the United 
States' Army. Major Chapleau declined the 
honor of C.M.G. tendered to him in 1914. 

Aikenhead, Thomas E. (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born at Toronto, September 14, 1859, 
and received his education in that city. In 
1873 he entered his business career with his 
father's firm, which was originally estab- 
lished in the year 1830, and conducted for 
many years by his late father, Mr. James 
Aikenhead and Mr. A. T. Crombie, under the 
name of Aikenhead & Crombie. To-day this 
firm has some 100 employees, and the sub- 
ject of this sketch is President and General 
Manager, under the firm name of Aikenhead 
Hardware, Limited, with extensive premises 
on Temperance Street. During the earlier 
days of Canada there were but few hardware 
houses of such importance, and Mr. Aiken- 
head set to work to build up a business to 
suit the rapid development of the country 
and has to-day made a reputation for him- 
self as a leader in his own particular branch. 
Besides his business connections he is an 
ardent worker in church circles and a regular 
attendant of the Timothy Eaton Memorial 
Church. He is a member *of the Ontario 



47 



Club, Toronto Bowling Club, Board of Trade 
and the Ontario Motor League, taking an 
active interest in the good roads campaign 
of 1910. He is also a director of the Tisdale 
Iron Stable Fittings Co. In looking over the 
extensive buildings erected in Toronto, one 
can only imagine the important part Mr. 
Aikenhead has played from a business stand- 
point, and he can truly be classed as one of 
the builders of Canada. 

MacDonald, Neil S., B.A., D.Paed. 

(Toronto, Ont.), Public School Inspector, is 
the son of the late John F. MacDonald and 
Mrs. MacDonald, formerly of Darlington, now 
of Toronto. Born in Bowmanville, Durham 
County, Ont., on January 28, 1872, he 
received his early education in Clarke Union 
Public School and Bowmanville High School. 
At the end of six months in the latter school, 
he obtained a Third Class Teacher's Certifi- 
cate, and at the next Departmental Examina- 
tion he obtained a Second Class Certificate 
and spent several years teaching in the rural 
schools of the Townships of Cartwright, Dar- 
lington and Hope. Feeling that he had 
learned all he could in these schools, he re- 
turned to Bowmanville High School to pre- 
pare for honor matriculation into Toronto 
University, and at his matriculation made a 
splendid record, receiving honors in Mathe- 
matics, Science, English, History and Geo- 
graphy. He did not enter the University, 
however, but took a year's course in practical 
teaching in the Ontario Normal College at 
Hamilton, after which he was engaged as 
Principal in Richmond Hill Public School, 
where he stayed for one year, going from 
there to Toronto to accept the office of Vice- 
Principal of Ryerson School, which he held 
for six years, receiving while there training in 
the method of city schools under Principal 
McAllister. Then he was promoted to the 
Principalship of Duke Street Public School 
and after three years there was once more 
promoted, to be Principal of Cottingham 
Street Public School. He spent one year 
here, when he was promoted to Bolton Avenue 
School. Mr. MacDonald held a high ideal 
of success ever before his mind and backed 
it up with praiseworthy perseverance, and he 
owes his marked success in life to the stick - 
to-it-iveness which is one of his special char- 
acteristics. In 1910 he graduated from 
Queen's University with the degree of B.A., 
very much to his credit, for he obtained this 
degree by private study while filling the 
position of Principal in a city school. Mr. 
MacDonald married Christina Lamb, the 



daughter of William Lamb, and has one son, 
Donald, born on August 29, 1913. Upon the 
retirement of Mr. R. W. Doan, in June, 1914, 
Mr. MacDonald became Principal of Dufferin 
School, Toronto, and it has been said of him, 
"His educational attainments, energy and 
enthusiasm mark him as a man well qualified 
to fill the highest position a School Board 
may offer." Besides managing the regular 
school work, he took an active interest in 
the school sports and cadet drill, and his 
scholars always obtained good standing in 
these. After three years as Principal of Duf- 
ferin School, Mr. MacDonald was transferred, 
in September, 1917, to Ryerson School, as 
Principal in succession to the late W. E. 
Groves. Ryerson School is the school for 
practice teaching in connection with the 
Faculty of Education. As Principal he was 
chief critic teacher and supervisor of critic 
teachers. In February, 1918, the Toronto 
Board of Education appointed him Public 
School Inspector in District Five, a position 
left vacant by the death of Inspector W. F. 
Chapman, B.A. He is a Presbyterian in re- 
ligion, belonging to St. John's Presbyterian 
Church, where he is also Superintendent of 
the Sabbath School; a Conservative in poli- 
tics and a member of St. Andrew's Masonic 
Society, St. Patrick's Royal Arch Masons and 
Cyrene Preceptory. In the spring of 1918 the 
degree of Doctor of Pedagogy was conferred 
upon Mr. MacDonald, and in partial fulfil- 
ment for the degree he submitted a thesis 
on " Open Air Schools," which he has recently 
published. 

McCullough, Charles Robert (Hamilton, 
Ont.), was born in Bowmanville, Ont., Feb. 18, 
1865, educated at Private, Public and High 
Schools, Bowmanville, and special schools in 
Belleville and Toronto. Married in 1897 to 
Eola Luxton, second daughter of George and 
Harriet Luxton, of Hamilton. Children: 
Evan (deceased), Luxton and Kathleen. A 
member of the Canadian Club of Hamilton, 
and the Hamilton Club, a Fellow of the Royal 
Colonial Institute ; Honorary President Assn. 
of Canadian Clubs, teacher mercantile sub- 
jects, 1885-1903, founded Federated Busi- 
ness Colleges, founded Business Educators' 
Assn. of Canada, first President of the latter; 
founder Canadian Club Movement in Ham- 
ilton, December 6, 1892; President Hamilton 
Canadian Club, 1895 and 1910; together with 
John Cousins founded the General Council of 
Canadian Clubs and Societies, Niagara Falls, 
N.Y., July, 1905; is President of the Ontario 
Engraving Co., and Hamilton Conservatory 



48 



of Music ; one of the Founders and first Gov- 
ernors Art Gallery of Hamilton; represented 
Collegiate Institute on the Board of Educa- 
tion for three years ; member of the Canadian 
Manufacturers Assn., ex-Chairman Indus- 
trial Committee thereof; Vice-President and 
Chairman of Executive Committee Win-the- 
War League of Ontario, and President Win- 
the-War League of Hamilton; President 
Union School Club of Bowmanville ; gazetted 
Capt. 91st Regt., Canadian Highlanders, 
1907, and Lieut.-Colonel, 1916, organized the 
first recruiting league in Hamilton, 1915, has 
done a great deal to promote recruiting 
throughout the Province, at various points, 
especially in connection with the Canadian 
Club of Hamilton and the Recruiting Com- 
mittee of the Citizens' Service League in 
affiliation therewith. Lieut.-Col McCullough 
projected Semi-Centennial Celebration of 
Canada for 1917 as far back as 1910. He be- 
lieves that a mutual respect for, and confid- 
ence in each other, should be entertained by 
the great English and French-speaking peo- 
ples constituting the Canadian nation. Lieut.- 
Col. McCullough has addressed various Can- 
adian Clubs throughout the Dominion and 
has done excellent work in inculcating a 
robust Canadian sentiment. F. D. Monk, 
K.C., M.P., said a few years ago: "In initiat- 
ing the Canadian Club movement, Mr. 
McCullough has done a better work than any 
politician since Confederation." Lieut.-Col. 
McCullough's recreations are, skating, golf- 
ng, canoeing. In religion he is a member 
of the Church of England and of the Church 
of the Ascension of Hamilton. Colonel 
McCullough was an active, early promoter of 
a Union, non-partizan Government. Made 
three public speaking tours of District of 
Columbia, Virginia, West Virginia and Mary- 
land, 1917-1918, as guest of the American 
Red Cross. 

Beach, Mahlon F., Manufacturer (Iro- 
quois, Ont.), who died January 4, 1917, at 
the ripe age of more than eighty-three years, 
was one of the most remarkable self-made 
men in Eastern Canada and belonged to a 
family which can boast one of the most strik- 
ing genealogical records in the Dominion. 
The family record shows his lineage back to 
John Beach, one of three pilgrim brothers 
who migrated from England to New Haven 
Colony, Conn., early in the Seventeenth Cen- 
tury, the two other pilgrim brothers being 
Richard and Thomas. Richard first appears 
in the New Haven Colony in 1638, and was a 
man of some note in his day. Thomas first 



appears in the records in 1646, and settled in 
Milford, Connecticut. John is first men- 
tioned in the New Haven Colony records, 
January 4, 1643. Four years later he bought 
"an house lott" there and in 1650 married 
Mary . Next we find him at Strat- 
ford, Connecticut, where he acquired land in 
1660 and was chosen "Town Crier" in the 
following years, being allowed fourpence "for 
everything he should crye and every time he 
cryed." He signed the Articles of Agreement 
for the Wallingford Plantation in 1670, and 
was granted a "house lott" there in 1671. 
He appears fourth in a list of six persons of 
"Hiest Rank," July 29, 1672, and in 1675 
was one of a committee to establish a Church, 
dying between the years 1678 and 1680, the 
ancestor of a large number of Beaches, scat- 
tered over United States, Canada and South 
America. Mahlon Ford Beach, the subject 
of this sketch, was born November 10, 1833, 
in Oxford Township, Grenville County, Prov- 
ince of Ontario, where his father, Mahlon 
Beach, son of David Beach, arriving from 
New Jersey, was one of the first settlers. 
His Mother, Mercy May, born in New York 
State, May 12, 1798, was a daughter of 
Lyman Clothier, who migrated to the vicinity 
and built the first mills in what is now known 
as the Village of Kemptville. Married 
Louise C. Wickmire, of Augusta Township, 
Grenville County, in 1865, and leaves a 
family of ten boys, all of whom are living, 
born as follows: Charles A., of Cornwall, 
1866; Fred. W., of Morrisburg, 1868; Dr. 
Anson W., of Toronto, and Benson C., of 
Ottawa (twins), 1870; Mahlon W., of Kings- 
ton, 1872; Howard B., of Iroquois, 1873; 
D. Easton, of Ottawa, and G. Weston, of 
Winchester (twins), 1875; J. Russell, of Ot- 
tawa, 1878; and Olin A., of Ottawa, 1882. 
One daughter, born in 1877, died in infancy. 
Mrs. Beach died in 1907, aged seventy-one 
years and eleven months, and Mr. Beach mar- 
ried Mrs. Hannah M. Barber, of Winnipeg, 
in 1912, by whom he is survived. Although 
controlling probably a quarter of a million 
dollars at his death, Mr. Beach started life 
like thousands of other poor boys, with only 
his native industry, wit and enterprise to raise 
him above his restricted circumstances and 
give his talents a larger field of activity. He 
was a born captain of industry and remark- 
able in many ways, exciting a big influence 
not only in his community, but throughout 
the county. Possessed of a strong personal- 
ity, an untiring energy, quick perception and 
bold and fearless in his business enterprises, 
he left his stamp on the community in which 



he lived and his name will always be con- 
nected with the village and township of Win- 
chester. This place was hardly a settlement 
when Mr. Beach first came there, and when 
he erected his first mill it was the beginning 
of a new life in the community, as previously 
the nearest mill was at Iroquois. He was 
educated at the common schools of his native 
place and set out to carve his own fortune 
early in life. He first worked at the mill- 
wright business, and in 1856 went to the 
Township of Winchester, Dundas County, 
where he built a small saw mill, later adding 
other machinery and buildings, such as 
planing mills, sash and door, and flour mills. 
During the years 1861-1864 he engaged in 
square timber operations, taking the timber 
to Quebec. In the spring of 1883 he bought 
a water privilege on the St. Lawrence Canal, 
at Iroquois, and moved there in June of the 
same year, where he commenced a roller flour 
mill, which was put in operation in the fall of 
1884. At Mr. Beach's place in Winchester, 
where the old business is still continued, he 
saw grow up what is now a flourishing village. 
Between the years 1861-1878 Mr. Beach was 
connected directly and indirectly with the 
general store business and has always been 
successful in his undertakings. In 1884 his 
mills at Winchester were destroyed by fire, 
and a number of other valuable buildings, 
also a quantity of sawn lumber, flour and 
wheat to the amount of about $75,000, were 
all swept away without any insurance to 
cover the loss. This naturally crippled him 
financially, but nothing daunted, he com- 
menced again, rebuilding the mills in a much 
better manner than before and adding a furni- 
ture factory to them, thus showing that the 
spirit of the man was bigger than any adver- 
sity and that he did not know the meaning 
of failure. He met every obstacle with in- 
domitable faith in himself as the biggest asset 
of human enterprise, which, more than any 
other, was a characteristic of Mr. Beach. He 
had absolute faith in his own judgment and 
with great capacity and resource he soon re- 
covered his losses. He was President of the 
Beach Foundry Co., Ltd., of Ottawa, and 
also with his son Charles A., established the 
Beach Furniture Factory, at Cornwall. In 
1909 he completed a water power develop- 
ment in Iroquois, one of the latest and most 
improved hydro-electric power plants in Amer- 
ica. In order to carry out this undertaking, 
he was obliged to resort to the European 
markets for the electrical apparatus. The 
generators came from Sweden, where they 
were designed and made especially for the 



conditions met with in development. It 
might truly be said that this was the pioneer 
plant in Canada for the vertical type, direct 
connected to wheel, operating under a low 
head of water. This fact was attested to by 
many eminent engineers from all over the 
American continent, who inspected the plant 
after its completion. In 1910, with his two 
sons, Benson C. and Charles A., he was in- 
terested in the development of a 4,000 h.p. 
Hydro-Electric Power Plant at Hound Chute, 
on the Montreal River, furnishing the first 
electrical energy used in the Cobalt District. 
Associated with the late Hon. Andrew Broder, 
M.P., he secured in 1882, a charter for the 
Montreal and Central Canada Railroad. 
With the charter they interviewed Sir Wm. 
Van Home, of the C.P.R. Asked what they 
wanted for their charter and expense of pro- 
moting, the reply was "We want a railroad." 
The C.P.R. took over the charter, the line 
was built and now forms part of the main 
line between Toronto and Montreal. Mr. 
Beach was one of the foremost men interested 
in the erection of the present magnificent 
Methodist Church at Winchester. His pub- 
lic career has been confined to municipal 
affairs. He was warden of the United Coun- 
ties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry for 
the year 1873. In politics he was a Liberal, 
and in religion a broad-minded adherent of 
the Methodist Church, and opposed to osten- 
tation. Even passing his eighty-third birth- 
day, Mr. Beach exhibited remarkable vital- 
ity of mind and body, being still actively 
engaged in his several interests, but on Janu- 
ary 4, 1917, he suddenly passed away, the 
direct cause being due to acute congestion of 
the kidneys, complicated with pneumonia. 
His useful and successful life will long be 
remembered with respect. 

Macdonald, John (Toronto, Ont.), the 
present head of the great wholesale dry goods 
firm of John Macdonald & Co., of Toronto, 
is still a young man. He bears the name 
of his father, the founder of the business, 
and was born on the 4th of November, 
1863, at the old family homestead, Oak- 
lands, a beautiful villa on the hills overlook- 
ing the city of Toronto. He was educated 
at Upper Canada College, which boasts the 
names of a very large number of distinguished 
families on its rolls, and while still a lad 
entered (1880) the great dry goods establish- 
ment which then bore his father's name and 
was founded by him in 1849. Under his dis- 
tinguished father's guidance he received a 
sound business training, and was thus, on 



50 



the death of the latter, able to undertake the 
great responsibility devolving upon him. 
The firm was made a Joint Stock Company, 
of which he was appointed President in 1906. 
He is a Director of the following: Bank of 
Toronto, Confederation Life Association, 
Toronto Hotel Co., Ltd., Guarantee Company 
of North America, Millers and Manufactur- 
ers Insurance Co., Humane Society, Hospital 
for Incurables, Academy of Music. Honor- 
ary Governor Toronto General Hospital; 
member Toronto Board of Trade; Chairman 
Bureau Municipal Research; Trustee and 
Official, Yonge St. Methodist Church; Vice- 
Chairman, Financial Committee; member 
Defence League. The late Hon. John Mac- 
donald sat in the Senate of Canada for several 
years, and was a most distinguished figure in 
religious and philanthropic work. The sub- 
ject of this sketch is a man of varied interests 
and wide social popularity, while retaining the 
sound business energy characteristic of his 
family. In the affairs of his alma mater, Upper 
Canada College, he has taken a deep interest, 
and was one of those public-spirited graduates 
who took an active part in the work of reor- 
ganization which a few years ago put it on a 
sound basis and largely increased its useful- 
ness. He is also a member of the Methodist 
Communion, in which his father was so long 
an eminent figure, and has interested him- 
self in the affairs of Yonge Street Methodist 
Church, of which he is a Trustee. He holds 
the office of Justice of the Peace, but fortun- 
ately is not compelled to frequently exercise 
his function as a magistrate. Among the 
commercial organizations with which he is 
identified, may be mentioned the Toronto 
Board of Trade, in which he is prominent in 
the dry goods section. His is also one of the 
best-known names on the roll of the Commer- 
cial Travellers' Association, one of the most 
powerful organizations in Canada. He is 
also a member of the British Empire League, 
the object of which is to further the progress 
of an enlightened Imperialism in Canada; 
of the well-known benevolent society, the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen; of the 
Caledonian Society, to which he belongs by 
virtue of his Scottish descent; and is a mem- 
ber, also, by virtue of the family traditions, 
of the York pioneers; a member also of the 
Methodist Union College Heights Association, 
Upper Canada College Old Boys' Association, 
St. Andrew's Society, and the Canadian In- 
stitute. Clubs: York, National, British Em- 
pire. Like all men of active mind, Mr. Mac- 
donald has a hobby, and in his case the hobby 
is horseflesh. His beautiful home at Oak- 



lands always boasts some fine animals in its 
stables, and he has earnestly devoted himself 
to the improvement of Canadian stock. He 
was one of the original promoters and is a 
Director of the Annual Horse Show at To- 
ronto, and is also an active member of the 
Horse Breeders' Association, and of the Hack- 
ney Horse Association. It will thus be seen 
that Mr. Macdonald is a man of catholic 
tastes and wide energies. He resides at 116 
Farnham Avenue, Toronto. 

Longley, Hon. J. W. (Halifax, N.S.), 
Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia. 
One of the best-known men in Canadian 
public life, and a gentleman who combines 
literary graces with a practical public spirit, 
is Hon. James Wilberforce Longley, late 
Attorney-General and Commissioner of 
Crown Lands for the Province of Nova Scotia. 
Hon. Mr. Longley was born at Paradise, 
Annapolis County, Nova Scotia, on January 
4, 1849, the son of Israel Longley and 
Frances Manning. Like so many noted Nova 
Scotians, he is a descendant of an old New 
England family, and his grandfather, William 
Longley, came to Nova Scotia from Massa- 
chusetts in 1760, and settled at Belleisle, in 
Annapolis County. The subject of this 
sketch attended school first at Paradise and 
later received his education in the higher 
branches at Acadia University, Wolfville, 
N.S., where he received the B.A. degree in 
1871; M.A., 1875; D.C.L., 1897; Hon. 
LL.D. St. Francis Xavier College, Antigon- 
ish, N.S., 1905. He began the study of law 
in the office of Hiram Blanchard, K.C., of 
Halifax, and completed his course with the 
legal firm of Johnston & Bligh; read law 
with Bethune & Hoyles, Toronto, and W. A. 
Johnson, Halifax, N.S. ; he also attended for a 
term at Osgoode Hall, Toronto, and was 
called to the Nova Scotia Bar at Halifax in 
1875, where he immediately began the prac- 
tice of his profession; two years as Bligh & 
Longley; four years with Mr. Motton, and 
as McCoy & Longley. He quickly made a 
reputation by his ability, and in 1883 was 
appointed by the Provincial Government as 
one of the commission for the revision and 
consolidation of the Statutes. Journalism 
had always attracted Mr. Longley, and while a 
law student he had become identified with the 
"Acadian Recorder," of Halifax, as its chief 
editorial writer. Subsequently he joined the 
staff of the "Halifax Morning Chronicle," 
and for some time filled the responsible post 
of managing editor. Mr. Longley's literary 
and clear attractive style has borne fruit in 



51 



contributions to many of the leading reviews 
and periodicals of England and the United 
States. In 1898, "Love," a religious and 
philosophical essay appeared in book form 
and has passed through several editions. He 
has also written "Socialism, Its Truths and 
Errors"; "The Greatest Drama"; "A Ma- 
terial Age"; "Canada and Imperial Federa- 
tion"; "Religion in the 19th Century"; 
"Makers of Canada" (Series); "The Politi- 
cal History of Canada" (four volumes com- 
plete); "Life of Joseph Howe," and 
"Life of Sir Charles Tupper." He was 
President of the Nova Scotia Historical 
Society and a member of the Royal Society 
of Canada. Coincident with his legal and 
literary activities, Hon. Mr. Longley has 
taken an active part in politics. He was for 
some years President of the Young Men's 
Liberal Club of Halifax, and entered public 
life in 1882 as member of the Nova Scotia 
Legislature for Annapolis County, which con- 
stituency he represented until 1905. Two 
years later Hon. W. S. Fielding, in forming 
his Government, invited Mr. Longley to 
enter it, and in July, 1884, he was sworn in 
as a Minister without Portfolio. In 1886 he 
was appointed Attorney-General. In 1896 
he resigned to enter a contest for Federal 
honors in the House of Commons. Being 
defeated, his old constituents in Annapolis 
at once re-elected him by acclamation. At 
the request of the Premier, Hon. Mr. Murray, 
he resumed the duties of Attorney General 
for Nova Scotia, which position he held for 
over nineteen years. In his public capacity, 
he was a member of the famous inter- Provin- 
cial Conference at Quebec in 1887, and was 
one of the prominent figures in the historic 
convention of the Reform Party in 1893, 
when the platform of the then Opposition 
was struck. As a legislator he has initiated 
many useful provincial measures, embracing 
important changes in the criminal procedure, 
the abolition of imprisonment for debt, con- 
solidation of County Court Procedure and 
the incorporation of towns. He is a director 
of the British Empire Financial Corporation, 
and is a great social favorite in most of the 
cities of Canada. Has been a Fellow of the 
Royal Society of Canada and was elected 
Honorary President. On September 4, 
1877, he married Annie Brown, daughter of 
Mr. Newton Brown (deceased, October, 
1899); secondly, Lois Fletcher, daughter of 
George Fletcher, Yorkshire, Eng., April, 1901, 
and has five sons and one daughter. He is 
a member of the Halifax and Saraquay Clubs; 



a director of the Home Life Association, and 
received his present appointment in 1905; 
also a member of A.F. & A.M. He was 
created K.C. by Lord Stanley (afterwards 
Earl of Derby) in 1890. 

Morgan, Colin Daniel (Montreal, Que.), 
Merchant, is the son of William Morgan and 
Jane Brown; was born at West Linton, 
Scotland, in 1846, and educated at Edin- 
burgh, Scotland. He married Martha Gold, 
the daughter of Hon. Theodore S. Gold, an 
agriculturist, of West Cornwall, Conn., and 
lias four children, Theodore, Marjorie, 
Henry and Alice. He is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and takes his recrea- 
tion motoring, etc. 

Antliff, Rev. James Cooper, M.A., D.D., 

41 St. Mark Street, Montreal. Born Febru- 
ary 1, 1844, at Huddersfield, Yorkshire, 
England. Son of Rev. Wm. Antliff, D.D., 
and Barbara Cooper. Educated at Hasling- 
den Wesleyan School and Edinburgh Uni- 
versity from which he graduated with the 
degree of M.A., 1873, B.D. in 1874. Left 
England for Canada by appointment of 
Primitive Methodist Conference, 1878. Pro- 
fessor in Wesleyan Theological College, Mon- 
treal, for nine years. Received degree of 
D.D. Victoria University, 1887. Member of 
First (Ecumenical Conference. President of 
Montreal Conference, 1891. Secretary of 
First General Conference of Methodist 
Church. Canadian delegate to Wesleyan 
Methodist Conference, 1907. Was editor 
of Christian Journal for three years; and 
is the author of several illuminating maga- 
zine articles on various subjects. Married 
first, Fanny Holden, daughter of John Holden 
Esq., of Dalbury Lees, Derby, England; 
second, Jane Elizabeth Gooderham, daughter 
of the Rev. Ezekiel Gooderham of York Mills, 
Ont., has one surviving son, born the 22nd 
of March, 1869. Rev. Dr. Antliff has travel- 
ed extensively and is a man of ripe scholar- 
ship. 

Arrell, Harrison (Caledonia, Ont.). Was 
born at the Township of Onondaga, Brant 
County, November 14, 1874, sou of Samuel 
Arrell, farmer. Educated at Caledonia High 
School and after matriculating, studied law 
in the office of Mr. Justice Teetzel, Hamilton, 
and Osgoode Hall, Toronto, and was called 
to the bar in 1898. Married, in 1907, 
to Eva, daughter of H. B. Sawle, of Cal- 
edonia, and is the father of two children: 
Alec, and Hugh. Is a member of the 



52 



Masonic Order, and in religion is an Anglican. 
Politically, he is a Conservative. Was ap- 
pointed Crown Attorney and Clerk of the 
Peace for the County of Haldimand, in June, 
1915. 

Musson, Charles Joseph (Toronto, Ont.), 
Publisher, is the President of The Musson 
Book Co., Ltd., and Vice-President of Hodder 
& Stoughton, Ltd. He is the son of Eliz- 
abeth and the late Capt. Thomas Musson, 
general merchant and postmaster, Islington, 
Ont., where he was born on September 15, 
1869, receiving his education at Islington 
Public School, Streetsville High School and 
Parkdale Collegiate Institute, Toronto. Mr. 
Musson married Jennie Bird, daughter of 
the late Wm. Williams, farmer, Bowman ville, 
Ont., and has two children, Ralph Thomas 
Musson, Lieutenant, Royal Garrison Artil- 
lery, and Glena Elizabeth Musson. He is a 
life member of the Historical Landmark 
Society of Canada, and of Harmony Lodge 
A.F. & A.M. Scottish Rite, a 32nd Degree 
Mason, a Workman, and Past Grand Master 
Canadian Order of Oddfellows. In politics 
Mr. Musson is a Conservative, and in religion 
a member of the Church of England. 

Massey, C. D. (Toronto, Ont). The name 
of Massey is known throughout the length 
and breadth of Canada, not only on account 
of the vastness of the business interests asso- 
ciated with that name, but because of the 
great philanthropies with which it is also 
synonymous. As the surviving head of the 
family that has built up Canada's greatest 
individual industrial enterprise, the figure of 
Mr. Chester Daniel Massey, the subject of 
this sketch, is doubly fraught with interest. 
He is the son of the late Hart A. Massey, 
who was the son and successor in business of 
Daniel Massey, the founder of the great 
establishment for the manufacture of agri- 
cultural implements now known as the 
Massey-Harris Company, Limited, and has 
been associated with that business, of which 
he is now the Honorary President, since 
boyhood. Both the brothers who had 
also been identified with the growth and 
management of the enterprise, Charles A. 
Massey and Walter E. H. Massey, have also 
passed away. But Mr. Chester D. Massey 
is splendidly carrying out the traditions 
of the family. He was born on June 17, 
1850, in Haldimand Township, in the 
County of Northumberland, Ontario, and 
received his education at the Public Schools 
of the province. While still a boy he 



entered the business establishment of his 
father, then centred at Newcastle, Ontario. 
Literally speaking, he has grown up with the 
business, which in turn has grown up with 
the country (coincident with the vast expan- 
sion of agricultural enterprise in Canada). 
In 1879 the headquarters of the Massey firm 
were removed to Toronto, where Mr. Massey 
has resided since the year 1882. In 1884 his 
eldest brother, Charles A. Massey, died, and 
the duties devolving on him became the 
heavier. The period that has elapsed since 
then has been one of immense expansion, 
which the firm attained by a judicious policy 
of amalgamation and by extending its agen- 
cies not only from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
but beyond the seven seas in all the corners 
of the earth. As has been intimated, com- 
mercial interests do not by any means 
absorb the entire attention of Mr. Massey. 
He is largely interested in all religious and 
philanthropic movements. He is a member 
of the Methodist Church, to which he is 
greatly attached, and his voice is at all times 
valued in its councils. He is a Governor of 
the University of Toronto; a Regent of 
Victoria University, and a Trustee of the 
Metropolitan Church and the Methodist 
Deaconess Home and Training School, all 
of Toronto. He is also a Trustee of Massey 
Music Hall, one of the finest buildings 
that unselfish citizenship ever gave to a 
community. As chief executor of his father's 
estate, he necessarily takes a deep interest 
in the valuable works of philanthropy which 
have been carried out under the provisions 
of the will. On March 17, 1886, Mr. Massey 
was married at Erie, Pa., to Miss Anna D. 
Vincent (deceased, London, England, Nov- 
ember 11, 1903), and secondly to Miss 
Margaret Phelps, of Gloversville, N.Y., 
Jan. 3, 1907; has two sons by first wife, 
Charles Vincent and Raymond Hart Massey. 

Smith, William, M.P., for South Ontario 
(Columbus, Ont.), was born in the Township 
of East Whitby, November 16, 1847, is the 
son of William Smith and Elizabeth Laing, 
his wife, natives of Morayshire, Scotland. 
He was educated at the public school, Col- 
umbus, and Upper Canada College, Toronto. 
He was Paymaster of the 34th Battalion for 
a number of years. He has been a Trustee 
of Columbus Public School for over 21 years. 
Was President of the South Ontario Agricul- 
tural Society in 1881. Was Deputy Reeve 
for the Township of East Whitby from 1878 
to 1882, and Reeve from 1883 to 1887. Was 
Vice-president and President of the Clydes- 



53 



dale Association of Canada for a number of 
years. Is President of the Record Board 
since 1912. Is President of the Maple Leaf 
Farmers' Mutual Fire Company, and has 
been since its incorporation in 1896. Is a 
Director of the Dominion Shorthorn Asso- 
ciation. He has always taken an active in- 
terest in municipal and poli tical affairs : Con- 
tested South Ontario, 1882, 1887, 1891, 1892, 
1896, 1900 and 1911; successful in 1887, 
1892 and 1911. In politics he is a Conserva- 
tive and in religion a Presbyterian. He was 
married, May 25, 1880, to Helen Burns, 
daughter of the late James Burns, of the 
Township of East Whitby. Three children: 
Bessie, Robert B., and Wm. Bruce. Robert 
B. is senior Major of the 116th, now in Eng- 
land, and went over with the first contingent 
in 1914. Mr. Smith is a fanner, and takes 
a great interest in Clydesdale horses, Short- 
horn cattle and Cotswold sheep. 

Mikel, William Charles, K.G., B.C.L., 

Belleville, was born in Belleville, Ont., the 
son of W. V. and Matilda (Wilson) Mikel, a 
descendant U.E.L. family. His great-grand- 
father fought on the side of Great Britain in 
the American Revolution, after which he 
came to Canada and was granted 300 acres 
of land in Ameliasburg Township, Prince 
Edward County. Again he fought on the 
side of the Government forces in Rebellion 
of 1837. The subject of this sketch was 
educated at Belleville High School and the 
Ontario Business College, Albert College 
(honors), and Trinity University (B.C.I/., 
1897). Practises law at Belleville; has 
been Crown Prosecutor at Ottawa, To- 
ronto and other places throughout the 
province. Appeared before Legislature and 
Parliament in several important matters, 
and acted as one of the Counsel for 
the depositors of the Farmers Bank of Can- 
ada, when the Government and House of 
Commons approved of payment of over one 
million .dollars to depositors. Served as 
Alderman, Auditor and City Solicitor of the 
Corporation of the city of Belleville; created 
King's Counsel, 1908. One of the founders 
of the Ontario Bar Association and President 
1911-12; President Liberal-Conservative 
Auxiliary, Belleville; President Ontario Muni- 
cipal Association, 1907-08. Grand Master 
A.O.U.W., 1914-15-16; President Canadian 
Fraternal Association, 1918-19; P.M. Moira 
Lodge, No. 11, A.F. & A.M., 1st P. Moira 
Chapter, No. 7, G.R.C.; member King 
Baldwin Preceptory; member L.O.L. No. 
274, and Royal Black Knights of Ireland. 



Member of Albany Club, Toronto; a Pres- 
byterian in religion. Formerly Captain 
15th Batt. A.L.I., volunteered, 1915, for 
service in the Great War, but was rejected. 
Offered to organize and take command of 
a battalion, not accepted. Secretary Speakers' 
Patriotic League at Belleville; assisted in 
recruiting several military organizations for 
service overseas; member of Council of the 
Win-the-War League, and was one of the 
Committee of the League which presented 
to Sir Robert Borden, August, 1917, the 
resolutions of the League supporting Union 
Government, conscription and other pat- 
riotic measures. Strong supporter of the 
Union Government, and assisted many of 
the Union Government candidates in the 
election of December, 1917. Married Miss 
Lillian Ewen, daughter of T. E. Ewen, M.A., 
veteran of the Fenian Raid ; has one daughter, 
Miss Audrey Mikel. On July 25 and 26, 
1918, he presided over a meeting at Belle- 
ville called by him, as President of the Cana- 
dian Fraternal Association, comprised of 
delegates from a number of Canadian Frat- 
ernal Societies representing Protestants and 
Roman Catholics, both English and French 
speaking, for the purpose of promoting a 
better understanding between the English 
and French speaking Canadians ; and again 
at Ottawa on November 28, 1918, he pre- 
sided over a similar meeting called by him. 
His brother, R. Y. Mikel, served in France 
with the American Flying Corps in the Great 
War, so that the great-grandsons of the men 
who fought against the American army in 
the Revolutionary war, served in that army, 
showing how closely the people of the British 
Empire and of the United States have been 
brought together by this war. 

Robb, Thomas (Westmount.Que.), Man- 
ager and Secretary of the Shipping Federation 
of Canada, is Managing Director of the 
Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co., and a 
Director of George Davie & Sons, Limited. 
He has been employed as Acting Staff 
Embarkation Officer, with the rank of 
Major, under Generals McDonald and 
Biggar, and has also rendered valuable 
services to the Marine and Naval Depart- 
ments in connection with the war. Royal 
Commissioner on Pilotage, 1911; Chairman 
of Royal Commission on Pilotage, 1918, 
arising out of Halifax disaster. Commis- 
sioner on Traffic Regulations dealing with 
explosives, and also Royal Commissioner on 
Commission appointed to investigate labor 
unrest in Shipbuilding industry in Province 



54 



of Quebec. He was a member of the dele- 
gation sent to Washington, D.C., in opposi- 
tion to the proposed Long Sault Develop- 
ment, and has been called to that city on 
several occasions, notably in connection 
with the revision of the American Seamen's 
Act. He is a member of the American 
Geographical Society, and has delivered 
an address on "Navigation Ancient and 
Modern" before the Nomad's Club, which 
was subsequently published in pamphlet form, 
also other addresses on Marine subjects. Mr. 
Robb's chosen recreations are golf and fish- 
ing. He is a Justice of the Peace, a Mason, 
and a5_member of the Canadian Club and 
Canada Club, both of Montreal. Mr. Robb 
was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1863, 
where he received his education at McLaren 
Academy. Thomas Robb is the son of Ann 
Thomson and Thomas Robb, an able writer. 
He married Elizabeth Andrew, daughter of 
James McLaren, merchant, of Stirling, Scot- 
land, in 1890, by whom he has three daughters 
and one son, Elizabeth, Mabel, Chrissie, 
Robert. 

White, Arthur V., Consulting Engineer, 
Toronto, Ontario, was born in Woodstock, 
Ontario, August 21, 1871. His father was 
the late James White, Esq., a prominent 
merchant, well known throughout South- 
western Ontario, and for more than twenty- 
five years Clerk of the County of Oxford, in 
which office he succeeded his father, who was 
one of the early Scotch pioneers of Wood- 
stock. His mother was Dorothy Jessie 
McLeod, eldest daughter of W. C. McLeod, 
Esq., one of the most widely-known merchants 
and financiers of pioneer days in Ontario. 
Mr. White's early education was carried on 
in the Woodstock Public and High Schools, 
after which he entered the University of 
Toronto, where he graduated from the School 
of Practical Science with high standing in 1892. 
He later obtained from the University of Tor- 
onto the degree of M.E. (mechanical engineer), 
being the first graduate of that institution to re- 
ceive this degree. After graduating, Mr. White 
followed his profession in connection with 
manufacturing establishments in Canada and 
the United States, and for some years was 
Chief Draughtsman for the Canadian Gen- 
eral Electric Company, at Peterboro. Sub- 
sequently, he was Lecturer in Mechanical 
Drawing and Machine Design at the Toronto 
Technical School. He spent about five years 
in London, England, as engineering expert to 
Messrs. Brown Brothers, for whom he executed 
important commissions on the Continent, as 



well as in the United States, travelling ex- 
tensively in connection therewith. August 
28, 1901, Mr. White married Aidine Squire, 
eldest daughter of Hon. Watson C. Squire, 
LL.D., of Seattle, Wash., ex-United States 
Senator from that State, and formerly Gov- 
ernor of Washington Territory, and Ida 
Remington, eldest daughter of Philo Rem- 
ington, Esq., the noted manufacturer of 
firearms. Mr. White has three children 
James Arthur, Remington, and Caroline 
Lathrop. Returning to take up . his resi- 
dence in Canada in 1902, Mr. White con- 
tinued his professional work. In 1905, repre- 
senting the noted engineers, Messrs. Ross & 
Holgate, Mr. White personally canvassed 
leading manufacturers in South-western On- 
tario respecting power requirements and col- 
lected much of the field data basic to the 
recommendations of the Ontario Power Com- 
mission, the precursor of the present Hydro- 
Electric Power Commission of Ontario. 
Later he worked chiefly upon constructional 
engineering and devoted considerable time to 
designing in connection with Harbor Works 
for the Department of Public Works, Canada. 
In 1910, he was engaged by the Commission 
of Conservation, Ottawa, with which he still 
remains as Consulting Engineer. He has 
reported for this Commission upon the Water 
Powers of the Provinces of Nova Scotia, 
New Brunswick, Ontario and British Colum- 
bia; also upon the St. Lawrence Long Sault 
Rapids, the Chicago Drainage Canal, Niagara 
Power and other matters. In 191 1, he was ap- 
pointed Consulting Engineer representing Can- 
ada to the International Joint Commission, 
under the Boundary Waters Treaty, to report 
jointly with the consulting engineer from the 
United States upon the official reference re- 
lating to the levels of the Lake of the Woods, 
including the control and utilization of its 
waters and those tributary thereto. The 
Report upon this subject was completed in 
1917 and is a comprehensive work to which 
the engineering press has referred as reflect- 
ing great credit on its authors. Mr. White 
has written extensively upon engineering 
subjects, but his principal efforts have been 
devoted to his various reports for the 
Federal Government. He is regarded as a 
high authority on many questions connected 
with International waters, and has made a 
special study of Niagara power and the ex- 
portation of electric energy with its relation- 
ship to coal supply. To the important 
subject of Canada's fuel problem, Mr. White 
has, for many years, devoted special atten- 



tion. Since as early as 1910, he has con- 
tributed valuable articles to such periodi- 
calsasthe "University Magazine," the "Mone- 
tary Times," and prominent engineering and 
technical journals, as well as to the daily 
press, urging that this subject be viewed 
and dealt with in its broad national aspect, 
and that Canada take immediate steps to 
secure the greatest possible independence 
with respect to her fuel supply. Mr. White 
possesses a very comprehensive collection of 
rare books dealing with the early History of 
Astronomy. He is opposed to the views of 
modern theoretical astronomy as represented 
by the Copernican System, and an article 
from his pen in the University Monthly, in 
1909, entitled "The Shape of the Earth," has 
excited considerable comment. In religion Mr . 
White is a Protestant. He is non-sectarian, 
but of strong Christian belief and is a staunch 
supporter of the Scriptures. In politics, as 
in religion, he is independent. 

Beaumont, Ernest Joseph (Kitchener, 
Ont.), Local Registrar of the Supreme Court, 
is the son of Joseph Wilson Beaumont, D.D., 
and Louisa Beaumont. He was born at 
Mirneld, Yorkshire, England, February 28, 
1855, and received his early education at "The 
Grammar School," Sheffield, Eng. Coming to 
Canada as a young man, Mr. Beaumont 
practised law in Gait, Ont., for twenty-seven 
years, and served as Town Solicitor of that 
place for eighteen years. He was also a mem- 
ber of the Public School Board for 4 years, 
and late Major of the 29th Waterloo Bat- 
talion, retiring with rank in 1888. He re- 
ceived his present appointment as local 
Registrar of the Supreme Court of Ontario 
in January, 1908, is a Roman Catholic in 
religion and a member of the Canadian Order 
of Foresters. Ernest J. Beaumont married 
Helen McNab, daughter of Benjamin Wood 
of Ingersoll, Ont., and had one son, George 
Joseph Beaumont, Lieutenant in the llth 
(S.) Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment. 
B.E.F., France, who died of wounds in 
France on January 24, 1917. 

Mackintosh, Charles Herbert (Ottawa, 
Ont.), was born in London, Ontario, in 1843; 
a son of the late Captain William Mackin- 
tosh, county engineer of Middlesex, Ontario, 
and Leonora Sophia, daughter of Colonel 
Dickenson of Jamaica, West Indies. Captain 
Mackintosh came to Canada as an attach^ of 
the ordnance branch of the British Army. Mr. 
Mackintosh has led an unusually active life, 
succeeding in making his way, unaided, to 



positions of honor and influence. He was 
educated at the Gait Grammar School (Tas- 
sie's), and Caradoc Academy (Middlesex Co.), 
two well-known institutions at that time. 
When the Prince of Wales (afterwards King 
Edward VII) visited Canada in 1860, an ode 
of welcome from the pen of Mr. Mackintosh, 
then a youth of seventeen, was presented to 
His Royal Highness. Two years later, under 
the title of "Fat Contributor," he wrote for 
the London "Free Press," a series of articles, 
characteristically entitled "Hurry-Graphs." 
These attracted wide attention, and the en- 
trance of the young writer into journalism 
was a foregone conclusion. He relinquished 
the study of law, and became, first, reporter, 
and soon afterwards city editor of the "Free 
Press." Believing that the early history of 
pioneer life in Upper Canada should be heard 
from the lips of those who had passed through 
the ordeal, Mr. Mackintosh organized a Com- 
mittee, the result being a Pioneer Banquet, 
at which 400 old settlers from local and dis- 
tant points were in attendance. Col. J. B. 
Askin, one of the early pioneers acted as 
chairman, Mr. Mackintosh, as the youngest 
Canadian, acting as Secretary. Subsequent 
to this, he assisted in promoting the Western 
Fair, which to-day has expanded to notice- 
able proportions. His journalistic career was 
marked by rapid progress. In 1864 he was 
city editor of the Hamilton "Times." A year 
later he founded the "Dispatch," of Strathroy, 
which he conducted until 1873. In 1868 he 
married Gertrude Cooke, daughter of T. 
Cooke, J.P., of Strathroy. In 1871 he found- 
ed theParkhill "Gazette," which he controlled 
for some time, while still managing the "Dis- 
patch." In the same year, he unsuccessfully 
contested North Middlesex as Conservative 
candidate for the local legislature. In 1871 
he visited Chicago during the fire, and wrote 
a description of the terrible event; 60,000 
copies being sold in two weeks. He was also 
elected a member of the town council of 
Strathroy, in which capacity he exhibited 
talents, which afterwards showed to better 
advantage in a wider sphere. Believing in 
himself, as all men do who come to the front 
in human affairs, he proceeded to prepare for 
a higher sphere in public life which he was 
destined to fill. Deciding that the protec- 
tion system which had long been established 
in the United States, deserved consideration 
in Canada, he accepted the position of man- 
aging editor of the Chicago "Journal of Com- 
merce." While resident in the western metro- 
polis, he studied carefully the protection sys- 
tem, as well as other issues in the United 



States. He also wrote a graphic account of 
the United States' "panic of 1873." Return- 
ing to Canada, at the request of Sir John A. 
Macdonald the day after his government was 
defeated in 1873, he declined an editorial posi- 
tion on the "Mail" ; sold out his interest in the 
Strathroy "Dispatch," and went to Ottawa, 
being appointed editor of the Ottawa "Citi- 
zen," the Conservative journal of the capital. 
He at once attracted attention,not only because 
of the vigorous management and writing of 
the "Citizen," but because of knowledge of 
public questions. At the celebration of the 
O'Connell Centennial, he wrote a poem 
which won the gold and silver medal over 
many others submitted. He was an ardent 
protectionist long before the Conservative 
party accepted that system as a plank in 
their platform, and must be counted as one 
of the leaders in that economic movement. 
In 1877, the late John Riordon, of St. Cath- 
arines, urged Mr. Mackintosh to co-operate 
with him in reorganizing the "Mail," but the 
offer was again declined. His active interest 
in public affairs, combined with an unusual 
share of those qualities which make men 
popular with their fellows, caused him to be 
nominated for the Mayoralty of Ottawa in 
1879, the result of the election being his re- 
turn by a large majority. He promoted the 
first Dominion Exhibition, which was opened 
by the then Governor-General, Lord Lome 
afterwards Duke of Argyle. In the two 
succeeding years he was re-elected, and 
though unseated on a technicality after the 
third contest, was a fourth time favored with 
the support of the people. As Mayor of the 
Capital of Canada, he inaugurated many re- 
forms, which proved of great benefit to the 
city. When retiring from the Mayoralty, 
the city presented him with an address; also, 
citizens generally passed resolutions and pre- 
sented an illuminated address. In the Gen- 
eral Election of 1882 he was one of the Con- 
servative candidates in Ottawa for the House 
of Commons, and was elected senior member 
by a sweeping majority. During his term in 
Parliament, he made several speeches which 
were notable for keen common sense. He 
spoke but seldom; when he did he always 
secured an attentive hearing. He became 
President of the Ottawa and Gatineau Valley 
Railroad, now a part of the Canadian Pacific, 
and was also a Director of the Canada At- 
lantic Railroad, now a part of the Grand 
Trunk System. Mr. Mackintosh resigned 
his seat for Ottawa in July, 1886, but at the 
request of friends agreed to hold it until the 



dissolution, which he did. The Capital of 
Canada is no bed of roses for any active or 
generous man, and thus the senior member 
found it, hence his positive objection to being 
again a candidate at that time. In the Gen- 
eral Election of 1887, Mr. Mackintosh, by 
the unanimous wish of the Conservative 
party, contested Russell against Mr. W. C. 
Edwards, the largest lumber manufacturer, 
and most popular Liberal in the County, and 
was defeated by a narrow majority, owing 
mainly to the feeling against the Government 
among the French-Canadians, aroused by the 
execution of Riel. He polled 2,146 votes, or 
between 400 and 500 more than were ever 
given to a Conservative candidate in that 
county. The Home Rule and Riel cries con- 
centrated at least 1,600 votes solidly against 
any Conservative nominee, the Constituency 
being largely Catholic. It should be said, 
however, that Mr. Mackintosh was an ardent 
advocate of and believer in Ireland's right to 
control her own local affairs. But he had 
voted in favor of Orange incorporation, pub- 
licly declaring that such would, in the end, 
ameliorate the bitterness between Protestants 
and Catholics. Mr. Edwards upon a protest 
was unseated for Russell, and a score of his 
supporters reported for corruption. The 
Conservative party let the matter drop; an- 
other election took place with the same result, 
Mr. Edwards (now Senator) being returned. 
In 1888 Mr. Mackintosh declined to accept 
nomination for the Mayoralty, and also to be 
a candidate for the County of Carleton. In 
1890, upon the death of the sitting member, 
Mr. Perley, a requisition was presented, 
signed by prominent Liberals and Conserva- 
tives, asking Mr. Mackintosh to be a candi- 
date. There were four candidates in the 
field, but he was elected by over 1,000 ma- 
jority, and was again returned at the General 
Election of 1891. During this time he be- 
came interested in the "Lake Manitoba Rail- 
way and Canal Company," which subse- 
quently was merged with the Canadian 
Northern Transcontinental Line. His leader, 
Sir John A. Macdonald, died in June, 1891, 
and until Sir John Thompson became 
Premier, Mr. Mackintosh took little interest 
in political affairs, disposing of his newspaper 
the Ottawa "Citizen." In October, 1893, he 
was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the 
Canadian North- West Territories, then in- 
cluding the Yukon. Before leaving Ottawa he 
was presented with a testimonial and address 
by the workingmen of Ottawa, the Conserva- 
tive Association, and a dinner tendered by 



57 



the members of the Rideau Club, at which 
Judges of the Supreme Court, Sir John 
Thompson and other Ministers were present. 
During his term, he organized a Dominion 
Territorial Exhibition in 1895, spoken of as 
inaugurating a very beneficial settlement in 
the North-West. Prize competition entries 
reached nearly 8,000 in the various depart- 
ments. It was opened by Lord Aberdeen, 
then Governor-General. On this occasion 
the city of Regina presented him with an oil 
painting of himself and a complimentary 
address. In January, 1898, Mr. Mackintosh 
resigned his high position, going to British 
Columbia, successfully organizing the British 
America Mining Corporation, of which he 
was Managing Director, until he resigned, 
about 1900. In 1902, when King George V 
(then Duke of York) visited Canada, Mr. 
Mackintosh, upon behalf of the Miners of 
British Columbia, presented him with unique 
gold specimens extracted from the western 
mines. Mr. Mackintosh remained in the 
western province for several years, engaging 
in literary work. In 1908 he was awarded 
the 1st prize for an essay on "British Colum- 
bia Its Resources." He was for some time 
in Toronto, where (in 1910) he wrote a series 
of articles for the "Mail and Empire," forecast- 
ing Germany as the storm centre of a coming 
war. In 1911, when the Reciprocity issue 
was before the electors, he wrote a series of 
articles against the proposition, visiting nearly 
every constituency in Ontario, publishing a 
signed telegram in the "Montreal Star," the 
day before the election, forecasting the defeat 
of the Laurier Government and allowing 
them not more than fourteen seats in Ontario. 
When his party returned to power, he ac- 
cepted a position as Inspector of Customs, 
and has also written many articles on the 
European War, which broke out in August, 
1914. In May, 1917, a pamphlet written 
by Mr. Mackintosh, dealing with the Home 
Rule issue and entitled "Are Ireland's 
Problems on the Eve of Solution?" attracted 
much attention, being quoted from at the 
Irish Conference by several delegates. Mr. 
Mackintosh spends much of his time in 
British Columbia where he is Chairman of 
the Halcyon Springs Company, and is 
greatly interested in the development of that 
province's mining resources. 

Meek, Edward, Barrister (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born in the village of Port Stanley, 
Ontario, on December 27, 1844. His 
father, James Meek, came to Canada at the 
early age of three years with his parents, in 



1818, from Ballymena, North of Ireland. 
They settled in the same year in Talbot Dis- 
trict, and took up a tract of land near Port 
Stanley, being among the earliest pioneers 
of that part of the country. At the time 
of Edward's birth his father was a carpenter 
and builder, but afterwards became a partner 
in a foundry which was carried on success- 
fully for a number of years; but a disastrous 
fire destroyed the whole of the extensive 
establishment, and he returned to his farm, 
on which he remained till his death. Edward 
received his early education at the Port 
Stanley school, and afterwards at the 
Grammar School, St. Thomas. After leav- 
ing school, at the age of seventeen, he was 
granted a certificate to teach, which occu- 
pation he followed for three years. He 
then accepted a position as bookkeeper 
in a grain warehouse, at which he con- 
tinued for a short time only; but thinking a 
short journey among strangers would im- 
prove his prospects, he went to Boston and 
engaged with a publishing house of a prom- 
inent firm there. After a short sojourn he 
returned to London, Ontario, and there com- 
menced the study of law. In 1873 he re- 
moved to Toronto, where he continued his 
studies and finished his law course in the 
office of Harrison, Osier and Moss, three gen- 
tlemen who afterwards became distinguished 
judges. He was called to the Bar of Ontario 
in the spring of 1874, and he then formed a 
partnership with the Hon. John O'Donohoe, 
which continued for four years, when it was 
dissolved. He then opened an office of his 
own until he formed a partnership with 
the late William Norris, of Woodstock, which 
lasted till Mr. Norris returned to Woodstock . 
In 1877 he commenced to take an active 
part in the politics of the country, and 
especially in the promotion of the National 
Policy; in fact, he was one of the originators 
of the word, and travelled over Ontario 
assisting in the formation of political organ- 
izations to enable the National Policy 
party to carry their new platform to a 
successful issue. He continued from that 
time to take an active part as one of the 
political writers and speakers on the plat- 
form until the winter of 1884, when he 
and a number of other politicians conceived 
the idea of forming a coalition government 
for the Province of Ontario, their object being 
to do away with partyism in the local legisla- 
ture. Others were brought into the scheme 
who were impatient of the slow method of 
bringing about the change by argument, and 



thought that a sufficient number of the mem- 
bers of the Legislature could be secured by 
offers and promises to at once defeat the 
Mowat Government, when the coalition could 
be immediately formed during the spring ses- 
sion of 1884. The plans were disapproved 
of by the originators of the idea, but the hot 
heads could not be kept under control, and 
the public know the result of the unfortunate 
conspiracy case which sprung from it, involv- 
ing those more actively concerned in the long 
and tedious investigation and prosecution 
before a Royal Commission and in the crim- 
inal courts. The Royal Commission brought 
in a divided report, which the House never 
acted upon. The verdict of the jury in the 
criminal court, in the trial of May, 1885, 
acquitted the accused. Since that time Mr. 
Meek has devoted himself strictly to the 
practice of his profession in Toronto, and the 
promotion and formation of joint stock and 
other companies. Mr. Meek was joined in 
marriage, on June 30, 1873, to Anna 
Margaret McBride, daughter of Samuel Mc- 
Bride, of London, Ontario, by which union 
they have issue two sons and one daughter. 
Mr. Meek and family are members of the 
Church of England. Since the publication 
of the preceding matter in the second edition 
of "Representative Canadians," about thirty 
years ago, Mr. Meek has continued to prac- 
tise law in all its branches in the city of 
Toronto, and is considered a well-read lawyer, 
a sound legal adviser, and a successful prac- 
titioner. While carrying on his legal prac- 
tice, during the past twenty-five years, he 
has written many thousands of "Legal 
Opinions," published weekly in the Saturday 
edition of the "Mail & Empire" newspaper. 
These concise and clearly expressed state- 
ments of the law have been widely read, and 
highly appreciated by many thousands of 
readers of that journal, and have been copied 
in other newspapers. Mr. Meek has also 
written and published pamphlets; and 
essays on Legal and Constitutional questions 
in reviews and magazines which have been 
favorably criticized and commented upon 
notably two essays comparing our Can- 
adian System of Federalism with the Amer- 
ican System of Federalism, entitled, "Some 
Observations on the Constitution of the 
Dominion of Canada," published in the 
American Law Review of 1895, 1896; 
"The Legal and Constitutional Aspects 
of the Manitoba School Questions," pub- 
lished in the "Canadian Magazine" and in 
pamphlet form in 1895; "Political Lessons 
from the Time of Cicero," "Representative 



Government and Federalism," the "Plebis- 
cite" an answer to an Essay published by 
the late Sir Geo. W. Ross and other Essays, 
all to be found in the "Canadian Magazine" 
between 1898 and 1904; "Sunday Laws," 
published in the "Canadian Law Review" in 
1904 ; "The Mistakes made by the Framers 
of the Constitution of the United States of 
America," and "Government and Political 
and Municipal Corporations," etc., published 
later. In 1913 Mr. Meek published a book 
of 600 pages, entitled, "Business and Law," 
which has had a wide circulation. Mr. Meek 
was created a Q.C. in 1896, but for political 
reasons the patent was never issued. He 
was, however, made a K.C. by the Ontario 
Government in 1908. He has recently pub- 
lished a few short poems which have been 
much admired. Now 72, he is in robust 
health, and his writings are as clear and con- 
cise, and his forensic abilities as convincing 
as 30 years ago, with the added copiousness 
and accuracy acquired by long years of ex- 
perience. His eldest son, Mr. Charles S. 
Meek, is managing director of the British 
Pacific Engineering & Construction Com- 
pany, of Vancouver, where he resides with 
his family, consisting of a wife and two 
daughters. His second son, Mr. E. J. Meek, 
is the chief accountant of the Canadian Bank 
of Commerce, and resides in Toronto with 
wife and two children a son and daughter. 
Mr. Meek lives at 177 Jamieson Ave., with 
his wife and unmarried daughter, Miss 
Gertrude Meek. 

Harris, Reginald V. (Halifax, N.S.), Bar- 
rister-at-Law,'son of Rev. Canon V. E. Harris, 
Secretary, Diocesan Synod of Nova Scotia. 
Honorable W. B. Troop, M.L.A., in Holmes- 
Thompson Government of Nova Scotia 
(1878-82) grandfather; Honorable Chief Jus- 
tice Harris, of Nova Scotia, uncle; was born 
March 21, 1881, at Londonderry, N.S.; 
educated at Amherst Public Schools; Trinity 
College School, Port Hope, Ont., and the 
University of Trinity College, Toronto, from 
which latter institution he graduated with 
the degree of B.A., 1902 (honors); and also 
received the degree of M.A., Toronto Uni- 
versity (1910), and a similar degree from 
King's University (1911). Barrister and 
Solicitor, Bars of Manitoba (1906) and Nova 
Scotia (1905). Member of Henry, Rogers, 
Harris & Stewart, Barristers, Halifax, since 
1908. Mr. Harris is the author of the 
following publications: "The Governance 
of Empire" (1910); "Organization of a 
Legal Business" (1909); and is a frequent 



contributor to the press and magazines 
on Educational, Municipal and Imperial 
subjects. Mr. Harris has taken a large 
interest in the municipal affairs of the 
city of Halifax, of which he was Alderman 
(1911-13), and Controller (1913-15). He was 
also Vice- President of the Union of Canadian 
municipalities (1912-13); Vice-President, 
Union of Nova Scotia municipalities (1913- 
15); Commissioner of Schools, Halifax (1911- 
14); Chairman, School Board, Halifax (1913- 
14). Appointed Lieutenant 246th Overseas 
Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 
September, 1916. Captain and District 
Casualty Officer, Military District No. 6, 
June, 1917; District Military Representative 
(M.S.A.), October, 1917; Chief Public Rep- 
resentative, N.S. (M.S.A.), February to 
October, 1918. Is Governor and Treasurer 
of King's College, Windsor, N.S. ; member of 
Diocesan, Provincial and General Synods of 
Church of England in Canada; member and 
Secretary Board of Management, King's 
College School, Windsor, N.S.; member of 
Council, Halifax Board of Trade (1911-14); 
President Commercial Club, Halifax (1914- 
15); member of the City Club, Halifax, and 
also a member and Secretary (N.S.) of the 
Royal Colonial Institute. Chairman Hal- 
ifax Centre St. John Ambulance Association; 
District Superintendent St. John Ambu- 
lance Brigade; Esquire, Order of Hospital of 
St. John, December, 1917. In religion, a 
member of the Church of England, and in 
politics a Conservative. Mr. Harris married, 
June 4, 1907, Ethel W., daughter of Edmund 
G. Smith, merchant, of Halifax, and has two 
sons, R. Gordon Harris and Arthur St. G. 
Harris. 

Sutherland, Donald (Ingersoll, Ont.), 
son of Robert Sutherland and Elizabeth 
Hutchison, both born in the County of Ox- 
ford, of Scotch parentage; born in West 
Zorra, Oxford County, April 8, 1863. 
Educated in the local county schools. Mar- 
ried, April 22, 1896, to Minnie Pearl Hossack. 
First elected to the council of North Oxford 
Township in 1896. Reeve during 1897 and 
1898; County Commissioner for the Town 
of Ingersoll, North and West Oxford, 1901-2. 
Elected to represent South Oxford in the 
Ontario Legislature at the general elections 
held on May 29, 1902. Election unsuccess- 
fully protested, re-elected at the general 
election, January 25, 1905. Seconded the 
address in reply to speech from the throne at 
the session of 1907. Defeated by a small 
majority at the general election, June 8, 



1908. A candidate at the general election 
for the House of Commons on October 26 
of the same year, and again defeated by a 
small majority. Appointed director of Col- 
onization and Immigration for the Province 
of Ontario by the Whitney Government, 
March 10, 1909, when an active campaign 
was entered upon in Great Britain by 
provincial officers to promote immigration 
to the Province, and the system of advancing 
assisted passage to farm laborers and domes- 
tic servants was adopted. Resigned as 
Director of Colonization, August 8, 1911, to 
become a candidate for the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections held on Sept. 21, 
1911, in response to a unanimous nomination 
tendered him by the Liberal-Conservative 
Association of the Riding, when he was 
elected over the late representative, and 
re-elected at the general elections held in 
December, 1917. Moved the address in 
reply to the speech from the throne at the 
special war session of August, 1914. Mr. 
Sutherland is a practical farmer, and ex- 
tremely popular with all classes. He was 
the first Conservative elected to represent 
the riding in the Legislature, and also in the 
House of Commons. He is the father of 
seven children, viz.: Robert Bruce, William 
Evans, Donald Baikie, James Burleigh, 
John Angus, Jean Elizabeth and Olive Helen. 
The eldest, Robert Bruce, enlisted at 17 
years of age and went overseas with the 
1st Canadian Contingent, served at the 
front in France and Belgium, 1915-16, 
qualified as pilot in the Royal Air Force 
and served in Egypt and Palestine under 
Generals Murray and Allenby during 1917- 
18 until the end of the war; promoted to a 
Captaincy and Flight Commander, and 
awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for 
conspicuous gallantry. William Evan also 
enlisted at 18 years, and was a member of 
the R.A.F. at close of war. Mr. Sutherland 
is a Presbyterian and a member of the 
Masonic Order. 

Mclnenly, William, Electrical Con- 
tractor, was born at Sillery, Quebec, January 
20, 1874. He was educated at the Quebec 
Commercial Academy from which he gradu- 
ated in 1888. From 1889 to 1910 he was 
engaged in the lumber business in Quebec, 
and in 1911 started in the electrical machin- 
ery business in Ottawa, and at once became 
General-Manager of the "Mac Electric Com- 
pany," whose works and offices are at 52 
Queen Street, Ottawa. While the company 
has never undertaken the wiring of residences, 



60 



ordinary apartment houses, or accepted any 
like contracts, it repairs anything electrical 
from an electric iron to a 500 horse-power 
electric motor. Among the principal elec- 
trical contracts accepted by the firm and 
carried out to completion are the New Ot- 
tawa Gas Company plant, the Ottawa Elec- 
tric Company's new plant on Middle Street, 
and the Ottawa Car Manufacturing Company 
plant on Albert Street. Every kind of elec- 
trical machinery is built by the company 
motors, dynamos, generators, etc. Mr. 
Mclnenly is the son of the late James 
Mclnenly, lumber merchant, and Ellen M 
Paul. On June 19, 1901, he married Miss 
Norah Ahearn, the daughter of the late 
Maurice Ahearn, who became distinguished 
as an artist, and a brother of Thomas Ahearn, 
president of the Ottawa Electric Railway 
Company, etc. He has four sons, James, 
Maurice, Bertram and Thomas. He is 
Chairman of the Electrical Dealers and 
Contractors Association of Ottawa, is a 
director of Weir & Company, Limited, 
Ottawa, manufacturers of aerated waters; 
a director and secretary-treasurer of the 
Simmons Printing Company, of Ottawa, 
and of the Ottawa Electrotype foundry. He 
is connected with the following clubs: The 
Canadian, Laurentian, Rideau Curling and 
Golf, and the Peckanoc Fish and Game. 
His principal recreations are fishing and 
curling. In religion he is a Roman Catholic. 
In politics, Independent. His residence is 
439 Elgin Street, Ottawa. 

Belcourt, Hon. Napoleon Antoine, 

Senator (Ottawa). Parents, Ferdinand Na- 
poleon Belcourt and Marie-Anna Clair; pro- 
fession, barrister-at-law. Was born at Tor- 
onto, September 15, 1860. Educated at 
St. Joseph's Seminary, Three Rivers, in arts 
and Laval University in law. Graduated at 
Laval in Law, Master of Laws, cum summa 
dignitate 1882. Admitted to the Quebec 
Bar, July, 1882; Ontario Bar, September, 
1884. Member of Law Faculty, Ottawa 
University, since 1891. An LL.D. of Ottawa 
University (1895); also LL.D. of Laval 
University. Crown Attorney for Carleton 
County, June, 1894, to May, 1896. Resigned 
to become candidate for House of Commons. 
K.C. in Ontario and Quebec Provinces. 
Founder and First President of the Club 
National d'Ottawa, retaining that office for 
ten years consecutively. Former Vice-Presi- 
dent of Ontario Liberal Association; first 
elected to House of Commons at general elec- 
tion, 1896; re-elected 1900, and general elec- 



tion 1904, his majority being nearly 2,000. 
Elected Speaker of the House of Commons, 
March 12, 1904, and sworn as Privy Council- 
lor, January 11, 1905. Resigned his seat in 
House of Commons and appointed to the Sen- 
ate November, 1907. First President, Ottawa 
Hunt Club; member, Rideau Club, Ottawa; 
Reform Club, Montreal; Reform Club, 
Toronto; University Club, Ottawa; Presi- 
dent, Connaught Park Jockey Club of Ottawa 
also member of Country and other Clubs. 
Married (1st) Jan. 29, 1889, to Hectorine, 
eldest daughter of Hon. Jos. Shehyn; (2nd) 
Jan. 9, 1903, to Mary Margaret Haycock, 
of Ottawa. Hon. Mr. Belcourt has taken a 
prominent part since the inception of the 
war in promoting recruiting and in the work 
of the Patriotic Fund, Red Cross and other 
kindred war activities. As leader in the 
defence of the French language in the schools 
of Ontario he has on the platform and in 
many pamphlets, as well as before the Courts 
of Canada, and the Privy Council, earnestly 
and constantly labored for the preservation 
and propagation of the French language in 
the Dominion and for the development of a 
spirit of true national unity. 

Ball, Emerson Ewart (Chesterville, Ont.). 
Was born October 31, 1880, at the Village of 
Orono, in the County of Durham. Is the 
son of Edwin Ball, of Islington, Ont. Edu- 
cated at Willowdale Public School, Richmond 
Hill High School, Toronto Junction High 
School and Humberside Collegiate Institute. 
He then attended Toronto University, gradu- 
ating in 1906 with honors in Modern Lan- 
guages, and is now Principal of Chesterville 
High School. Was married, July 22, 1908, 
to Cora M., daughter of John Harris, of 
Whitevale, Ont., and is the father of two 
children: Dorothy, born Mar. 2, 1910, and 
Gordon, born June 2, 1914. In religion Mr. 
Ball is a Methodist and a member of Trinity 
Methodist Church, Chesterville. In politics 
he is Independent. Member of Independent 
Order of Oddfellows, Chesterville Lodge, No. 
288. 

Patterson, John Pratt, President and Gen- 
eral Manager of Norris-Patterson, Limited, 
Advertising Agency, 10 East Adelaide Street, 
Toronto, Ontario, was a Councillor of the 
Town of North Toronto prior to its annexa- 
tion by the city, and is to-day a Justice of the 
Peace. Mr. Patterson is a member of the 
National Club, the Royal Canadian Yacht 
Club, the Albany Club, Rotary Club, 
Board of Trade, Canadian Club and Empire 



61 



Club, all of Toronto; in addition to York 
Lodge, A.F. & A.M., St. Paul's Royal Arch 
Chapter, the Scottish Rite and the Canadian 
Order of Foresters. He is an ex-member of 
the Queen's Own Rifles, a Liberal-Conserva- 
tive in politics and a member of the Church 
of England in religion. The subject of this 
sketch was born in Toronto, August 18, 1874; 
the son of Thomas and the late Jane Williams 
Patterson, receiving his education at Upper 
Canada College. He married Millie, daugh- 
ter of the late Richard Harold, of Palmerston, 
June 21, 1893, and had one son, Thomas 
Harold Patterson, since deceased. 

McLean, Major-General Hugh Have- 
lock, K.C., A.D.C., M.P. (St. John, N.B.), 
son of Lauchlin McLean and Sophia Marsh. 
Born March 22, 1855, at Fredericton, N.B. 
Educated at the Grammar School there. 
Married, September 2, 1879, to Jennie Por- 
teous. Children: Colonel C. W. Weldon 
McLean, D.S.O. (two bars), Commanding 
Divisional Artillery, 9th Scottish Division, 
B.E.F.; W. W. McLean, who served through 
the war in South Africa ; Jennie Elise Stetson 
and Major Hugh H. McLean, Jr., C.E.F. Is 
a Barrister-at-law, senior member of the firm 
of Weldon & McLean ; established in 1878. 
Has a large corporation counsel practice, be- 
ing counsel in New Brunswick for Canadian 
Bankers' Association, Bank of Montreal, 
Canadian Pacific Railway Company and a 
number of other companies. Is President 
and Director of a number of railway and other 
companies. He has been actively associated 
with the Militia for forty-five years. He was 
for many years Captain and Adjutant of the 
62nd St. John Fusiliers, and was in command 
of that Regiment for a long period. In 1892 
he was appointed to the command of the 
12th Infantry Brigade, a post which he re- 
tained until January, 1911. He raised in 
1911, in New Brunswick, a Regiment of Cav- 
alry of four squadrons (28th New Brunswick 
Dragoons), and was gazetted to the command 
of this Regiment on March 1, 1911; in 191 2, 
appointed to command of Cavalry Brigade. 
In 1878, when war was imminent between 
England and Russia, General McLean raised 
a company of sixty men and offered his own 
and their services in case of war. For this 
offer he received the thanks of the Imperial 
Government. In 1885 he was appointed 
Captain and Adjutant of the Regiment 
raised in New Brunswick and Prince Edward 
Island, for service in the North-West. In 
1890 he went to England in command of the 
Bisley Team. In December, 1899, he offered 



himself and one hundred men for service in 
South Africa, the men to be raised at his own 
expense, and to consist of guides and trap- 
pers. For this he received the thanks of the 
General Officer Commanding. In October, 
1901, he was appointed to the command of 
all the troops in New Brunswick assembled at 
St. John during the visit of his Royal High- 
ness the Duke of Cornwall and York. In 
the same month he was in command of a 
brigade at the Royal Review, Halifax. He 
was in command of the Maritime Provinces 
Brigade at the Tercentenary in Quebec in 
1909. He has been President of the Provin- 
cial Rifle Association since 1900, and has 
taken a very active interest in rifle shooting. 
In 1905 he raised the St. Andrew's Boys' 
Brigade. He is the Vice-President of Can- 
ada for the British and Foreign Sailors' 
Society; was appointed by Earl Grey, Hon- 
orary A.D.C. Commanded the troops sent 
from Canada to the Coronation of our 
present King and Queen. For this service 
was promoted to the rank of full Colonel. 
At the commencement of the war was ap- 
pointed to the command of all Overseas 
Troops in New Brunswick, and then to com- 
mand of 7th Overseas Brigade. Promoted 
Brig.-General, 1915; promoted Major-General, 
1917. Is a member of the following Clubs: 
Union Club, Cliff Club, St.John;MountRoyal, 
Montreal ; Rideau Club, Ottawa. First elect- 
ed to Parliament, 1908, and re-elected 1911 
and 1917 for the constituency of Royal. A Un- 
ionist and a Presbyterian. Gen.McLean is of 
Loyalist descent, and is an ardent Imperialist. 

Denton, Frank, K.G., D.G.L., of English 
(Yorks) origin, son of the late William Den- 
ton, J.P., and Mary D. (Lucas) his wife, 
born at Richmond Hill, York County, Ont., 
1858, educated Richmond Hill and Orange- 
ville High School, Collingwood Collegiate 
Institute, Toronto Normal School, Trinity 
University, B.C.L. 1883, D.C.L. 1893, and 
Osgoode Hall, Toronto. Taught two years 
as English Master in Cobourg Collegiate 
Institute (when affiliated with Victoria 
University). Married 1884, Elizabeth Clin- 
gan, daughter of the late Fleming Clingan, 
J.P., of Orangeville. Has six children. 
Called to the Bar in 1886, he practised his 
profession with distinction and specialized 
as a Corporation and Commercial lawyer. 
Took silk in 1899, having for years been 
head of the firm of Denton, Dunn & Boultbee 
(now Denton, Grover & Macdonald). He 
acted for some time as City Solicitor of 
Toronto. He has always taken a keen inter- 



62 



est in public affairs, particularly in educa- 
tion, serving for several years as President 
of the Board of Trustees of the Toronto 
Collegiate Institutes. Has acted as delegate 
to the annual and general conferences of the 
Methodist Church, of which he is a prominent 
supporter. A fluent and eloquent public 
speaker, he has been a candidate (Liberal) 
for the Federal Parliament. He is a member 
of the Masonic Order (Past Master), and of 
the Canadian, National, Ontario and Rose- 
dale Golf Clubs. Recreations, golfing and 
curling. Address, 42 Admiral Road, Toronto. 

Chabot, Lt.-Gol. John Leo, M.D., C.M., 
M.A. (Ottawa, Ont.). Born on February 23, 
1869, at Ottawa. Son of P. H. Chabot and 
Marguerite Ethier. Ancestors on father's 
side were Normans, and one was Admiral, 
under the first Napoleon. His maternal 
grandfather, Ethier, fought under Drs. 
Nelson and Papineau in 1837. Educated at 
a Private Academy, Ottawa University and 
McGill University, Montreal, successively, 
receiving the Academic degrees of B.A., M.A., 
and M.D., C.M. Has successfully practised 
his profession at Ottawa for a number of 
years. Is Senior Surgeon of The Ottawa 
General Hospital, also Physician and Surgeon 
to the University of Ottawa, and has been 
Police Surgeon of the City since 1900. Has 
always taken a keen interest in athletics, be- 
lieving that clean sports and games make 
young men more healthy, manly and self- 
reliant. The doctor has been an active sup- 
porter of the Canadian Militia, holding the 
rank of Lt.-Col., R.M.S., and still member 
of the 5th Princess Louise Guards since 
beginning of the war; has been acting as 
Officer Commanding, Ottawa General Mil- 
itary Base Hospital; is an ex-President of the 
Old Chirurgical Society; also of the Ottawa 
Medical Society and latterly of the Medico- 
Chirurgical Society. Was Conservative Can- 
didate in Ottawa against Sir Wilfrid Laurier 
in 1898, and reduced the Liberal majority of 
1,800 to 630. First elected to the House of 
Commons as one of Ottawa's representatives 
at the general elections of 1911, and again 
returned in the general elections in December, 
1917, as Union Government supporting Win- 
the-War candidate, defeating Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier by over 5,000. Is interested in 
several industrial concerns and commercial 
enterprises. Married June 25, 1894, to 
Mary, daughter of the late Edward Devlin, 
of Ottawa, who died; married in 1916 Miss 
Hope Brunei, daughter of W. H. Brunei, 
of Ottawa. Dr. Chabot is a member of several 



clubs and societies, including Rideau Club, 
Ottawa Golf Club, Knights of Columbus, 
Canadian Club, Royal Arcanium, I.O.F., 
C.O.F., A.O.U.W., L. Institut Canadien, 
University Club, Fish and Game Club, 
Honorary President Capital Lacrosse Club 
and City Lacrosse League, and ex-President 
of C.A.A.A. Dr. Chabot is extremely popular 
in his native city and has long occupied a 
prominent place in the medical, military, 
political and athletic life of the Capital. 

Cole, George M., President and Man- 
ager of the Plattsburgh Gas and Electric 
Company, Plattsburgh, N.Y., U.S.A., was 
born at Brockville, Ont., December 31, 1862, 
his father being W. H. Cole. Receiving his 
early education at the Brockville Public 
and High School, Mr. Cole migrated to the 
United States in 1887 where, as a contractor, 
he was connected with the construction of 
several early street railways in that country; 
building the first in Columbia, South Caro- 
lina; Ansonia, Connecticut; and Newburgh, 
New York; in addition to an extension to 
existing lines in Brooklyn, New York. Two 
years later, in 1889, he purchased the Platts- 
burgh Gas Works in partnership with a New 
York capitalist and became the Manager of 
the business, which position he still occupies- 
So successful was the undertaking that Mr. 
Cole was approached by the owners of the 
Plattsburgh Electric Lighting Plant with the 
result that the two works were amalgamated 
in 1890 and very considerably enlarged. By 
this time the old-fashioned horse cars had 
become a thing of the past and George Cole 
obtained a franchise for the construction of a 
modern street railway, which he built and 
managed for some years in addition to supply- 
ing the necessary power for its operation. 
This railway was later purchased by the 
Delaware & Hudson Railway Co., the present 
owners. To-day the Gas and Electric Com- 
pany controls its particular field in Platts- 
burgh and vicinity, owning and operating 
two water power developments on the 
Saranac River, which is the outlet of the 
Upper and Lower Saranac Lakes, among the 
largest in the Adirondacks. Mr. Cole 
married Emma, daughter of W. H. Chappel, 
in 1891, by whom he La.~ two sons, Eugene M. 
and Howard C. He is a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church and a Republican in politics. 
Among the societies of which he is a member 
are Plattsburgh Lodge 828, A.F. &. AM., 
Plattsburgh Chapter, No. 39, R.A.M., 
De Soto Cun. No. 49, K.T., Plattsburgh and 
Oriental Temple A.A.O.N.M.S., Troy, N.Y. 



Charlton, William Granville, Editor 
and Publisher (Aylmer, Ont.), the son of 
John R. and Emily J. Charlton, one of six 
children, one girl and four boys, all living 
except one, was born in the Township of 
South Dorchester, January 1, 1868; his earlier 
education took place at the St. Thomas 
Collegiate Institute, going from there to the 
Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky., and 
finally to Bethany College, Bethany, Va., 
where he graduated in 1893. He married 
Martha N. Black, the daughter of Martha 
M. Wells, widow of the late Noris Black 
and has one daughter, Eunice Eva Charlton, 
born May 13, 1901. Mr. Charlton was 
brought up on a farm and has practically 
devoted his energies to farming most of his 
life, and almost by his own efforts secured his 
education. He is a member of the Church 
of Christ, and for twenty-seven years has 
preached the Gospel with little intermission 
due only to illness. He is a great Bible 
School worker, and has been preaching and 
teaching prohibition for thirty years, and 
happy to be living to see the fruits of his 
labor in that direction. He has been con- 
nected with newspaper work since January 
1, 1916, when he became editor and publisher 
of the "East Elgin Tribune." In politics he is 
a Liberal and in 1913 was chosen by that 
party as a candidate for Federal honors to 
represent East Elgin at the next Dominion 
Elections. 

Ball, Robert James, M.P. for South 
Grey, Ont. (Hanover, Ont.). Was born at 
Allan Park, Township of Bentinck, Ont., on 
Jan. 15, 1857. Is the son of James Ball and 
his wife, Jane, formerly Jane Cain. Lived 
on his father's farm till eighteen years of age. 
Was educated at Hampden Public School, 
Collingwood Collegiate Institute and Ottawa 
Normal School, from which latter institution 
he graduated with a Second-class Teacher's 
Certificate, Grade A. On graduating, he 
taught school for ten years, then spent five 
years as an accountant, three years as a 
private banker, and two years in the life in- 
surance business, when he became a furniture 
manufacturer, which business he has carried 
on for twenty-two years. He is managing 
director of the Ball Furniture Co., Limited, 
and also director in Morlock Bros., uphol- 
sterers; he is also President of The Reliance 
Investment and Developing Co., Ltd., of 
Hanover, Ont. Politically, Mr. Ball has 
been very active, being three years Mun- 
icipal Councillor of the Town of Hanover, 
two years Commissioner for the County of 



Grey, two years Reeve of the town of Han- 
over, and, in 1908, was Warden of the 
County of Grey. In 1908, he was Conserv- 
ative candidate for South Grey against 
H. H. Miller, and was defeated, but reduced 
Miller's majority from 316 to 87. In 1911 
he was elected to the House of Commons 
over H. H. Miller by a majority of 48. 
Mr. Ball was married August 11, 1882, to 
Mary Jane, daughter of Anthony and Mary 
Leonard, of the Township of Normanby, 
and is the father of six children: Milton 
Leonard, Austin Elmer, Ethel May, Elma 
Lilian, Captain Stanley Stafford Ball, M.D., 
and Mabel Lottie. He is a member of the 
Masonic Order and also of the Independent 
Order of Foresters. In religion he is a 
Methodist, and politically is a Liberal- 
Conservative. 

Coombs, Albert Ernest (St. Catharines, 
Ont.), son of John and Susan Coombs. Was 
born on a farm near Richmond Hill in the 
County of York, April 2, 1871. Educated 
at the public and high school of Richmond 
Hill and at Toronto University, from which 
he received the following degrees: B.A. with 
honors in classics, 1892; M.A., 1895, and 
B.Paed., 1897. Principal Coombs began his 
teaching career in 1892 and was principal of 
Richmond Hill High School, 1895-99. Prin- 
cipal of Newmarket High School, 1899-1909, 
when he accepted the position of principal of 
St. Catharines Collegiate Institute, which he 
now holds. He served three years as ex- 
aminer at Normal College, and set papers in 
History of Education and School Manage- 
ment. Is a Past President of the Classical 
Association of Ontario and has frequently 
acted as Association Examiner. Success- 
ively a director, Horticultural and Agricul- 
tural Societies; member Town Council and 
chairman Public Library Board, Newmarket. 
Has had considerable experience as a lecturer 
on a variety of subjects. Was formerly in 
the Militia and holds a Captaincy in the 
19th Lincoln Regiment and served in that 
capacity on the Welland Canal Protective 
Force hi 1914. Has always been opposed 
to the abolition of written examinations 
in our educational system, and is a strong 
friend of the Boy Scout movement, being 
Boy Scout Commissioner of St. Cath- 
arines district. Married hi 1897, to Miss 
Beatrice Elliott, daughter of the late 
Wm. Elliott, V.S.,of Palmerston, Ont., and 
is the father of three children: Alice, born 
1899; Adele, born 1905; Margaret, born 1908. 
Is a member of the Canadian Club, St. 



64 



' 



Catharines, of which he is a Past President; 
also is Past Master of the Maple Leaf Ledge, 
A.F. & A.M., St. Catharines, and Past 
Principal of Mount Moriah Chapter; Member 
of the I.O.O.F. Principal Coombs was 
formerly a long-distance bicycle rider and 
association football player. He now takes a 
lively interest in lawn bowling. In religion 
he is a Methodist and a member of St. Paul 
Street Methodist Church, St Catharines. 
Politically, he may be classed as an Inde- 
pendent-Liberal. 

Anderson, James T. M., M.A., LL.B., 
D.Paed., Yorkton, Sask. One of the many 
graduates of the Ontario "little red school- 
house" who have achieved success in their 
chosen professions is Dr. James Thomas 
Milton Anderson, M.A., LL.B., of Yorkton, 
Saskatchewan. Dr. Anderson, who has won 
many scholastic honors, is at present in- 
spector of schools for the Yorkton district. 
Dr. Anderson was born at Fairbank, On- 
tario, July 23, 1878. His parents were 
Mary and James Anderson and the present 
inspector of schools had all the advantages 
of early life on a farm. One must consider 
it an advantage when one remembers 
the sons of farmers who have gone 
to the top in scholastic circles. The 
subject of this sketch began his edu- 
cation at Public School, S.S. No. 15, 
York, and went from there to West Toronto 
Collegiate Institute. Going west he won 
his degree of Bachelor of Arts at the Uni- 
versity of Manitoba in 1911, when he was 
Silver Medallist in Classics. He gained his 
LL.B. at the same university in 1913, and 
his M.A. in 1914, completing his pre- 
paration for his present work by gradu- 
ating as Doctor of Pedagogy in 1917. 
Dr. Anderson showed rare power of con- 
centration in study as these three degrees 
were obtained extra-murally and he is also 
a medallist in penmanship and a clever 
cartoonist. His life for the last ten years 
has been devoted to teaching and working 
among the foreigners who have come to 
Canada's great "melting pot." Dr. Ander- 
son is intensely interested in the work of 
assimilation which means so much to Can- 
ada's future as a nation. He has published 
a number of articles on the subject and a 
book on the "Education of the New-Can- 
adian" (J. M. Dent & Sons, Toronto). Dr. 
Anderson, whose mother resides in Saltcoats, 
Sask., was married on July 26, 1911, to 
Edith, daughter of Mrs. M. Redgwick, 
Grenfell, Saskatchewan, and has two children: 



Byron R., born October 10, 1913, and 
Edith Elaine, born March 31, 1917. In 
religion he is an Anglican, a member of the 
Orange Order, and President of the School 
Inspectors' Association of Saskatchewan. 

Elliott, John Campbell, D.C.L..M.L.A. 

Middlesex West (Glencoe, Ont.). Son of 
George Campbell (Irish descent), and Jane 
Elliott (Scotch descent); both parents were 
born in Canada. Was born at Ekfrid Town- 
ship, Middlesex County, on July 25, 1872; 
educated at Ekfrid Public School, Glencoe 
High School, and Trinity University, B.C.L. 
1898, and Toronto University, D.C.L. 1905. 
Mr. Elliott's early days were spent on the 
farm where he was born; he took a third- 
class certificate in 1890; second-class in 1891, 
and Matriculation 1892, and was called to 
the Bar in 1898, having taken a high stand- 
ard at the Law School at Osgoode Hall. 
First elected to the Ontario Legislature 
at the general elections in 1908; re-elected 
1911-1914. He is a member of the Ontario 
Club, and the Masonic Order, of which he 
was Past District Deputy, Erie District; 
of the Sons of Scotland and the I.O.O.F. 
He is a member of the Baptist Church, 
and a Liberal in politics. Mr. Elliott 
is recognized as a clever lawyer and an able 
speaker, and enjoys the confidence and re- 
spect of the members on both sides of the 
House. He is unmarried. 

Bronson, Hon. Erskine Henry;, was 
born at Bolton, Warren County, New York, 
September 12, 1844. He is the son of the 
late Henry Franklin and Edith (Pierce) 
Bronson, the one man who, coming to Ottawa, 
Canada, in 1852, understood the feasibility of 
converting the large lakes and furious and 
foaming falls of the Ottawa River into a chan- 
nel for the driving of saw-logs, and erecting 
mills on its banks, placed in operation a 
lumber industry that soon had in its employ 
hundreds, and afterwards thousands of em- 
ployees. Having received a good education 
at Sandy Hill, N.Y., and at the Grammar 
School, Ottawa, when quite a youth, the Hon. 
Erskine Henry Bronson, joined his father's 
company, The Bronson-Weston Lumber Com- 
pany, and in 1867 acquired an interest in the 
company. In 1870 he became a member of 
the Ottawa City Council and chairman of the 
Finance Committee, and continued as such 
until 1878, when he retired. For fourteen 
years he was a member of the Ottawa School 
Board. He is ex-Trustee of Queen's Univer- 
sity, Kingston, Ontario. Unlike his father, 



who never interested himself in politics, in 
1882 Mr. Bronson was an unsuccessful can- 
didate to the House of Commons for Carleton 
County, Ontario; but in 1886, having had 
presented to him a petition signed by thou- 
sands of the best and most influential resi- 
dents in the Capital urgently soliciting him 
to become a candidate for the local Legisla- 
ture, he consented to run and was elected by 
a large majority, and re-elected at every suc- 
ceeding election until 1898, when he retired 
from active political life. In 1890, Septem- 
ber 10, four years after he was first elected, 
he joined the Mowat Government without 
Portfolio and held a similar position when the 
Hardy Government was formed. Had he so 
desired he could probably have remained 
a member of the local Legislature even to 
this date, as few, if any, in Ottawa were 
or are more appreciated or ever received 
more popularity than the same Hon. Erskine 
Henry Bronson. The poor of the city, 
to whom his firm in winter time never 
failed to extend the helping hand in fur- 
nishing them with winter fuel and in other 
ways, could never forget, nor overlook, 
his kindly and substantial consideration 
of their needs and his name was, and is to-day, 
cherished in every home. To others, with 
whom he came in contact, he was always a 
valuable friend and counsellor, and his advice 
on financial and other matters was eagerly 
sought and freely given. On his father's 
decease Mr. Bronson succeeded him as Presi- 
dent of the Bronson-Weston Lumber Com- 
pany, in 1889. He was one of the inaugur- 
ators of the Ottawa Electric Company. Mr. 
Bronson is President of the Bronson Com- 
pany, Water Power and Manufacturers of 
Ground Wood Pulp, 150 Middle Street, Ot- 
tawa; President, Ottawa Improvement Com- 
pany; Vice-President, Ottawa Light, Heat & 
Power Company; President, Ottawa Power 
Company, and a director of the Ottawa Elec- 
tric Company. In 1874 Mr. Bronson mar- 
ried Ella H. Webster, of Norfolk, Va. He 
has one son and one daughter. In religion he 
is a Presbyterian. In politics, a Liberal. 
His residence is 75 Bronson Avenue, Ottawa. 

Bain, John. Journalist, private secre- 
tary, civil servant, promoter, and now 
financial broker and departmental agent and 
customs specialist, Castle Building, Ottawa, 
came to Canada in 1888 and engaged in 
law and newspaper work. Later he was 
engaged as expert shorthand writer in the 
New York law courts. When the Liberal 
Party was returned to power in 1896 he 



was appointed Private Secretary to the 
Minister of Customs, Hon. Wm. Patterson, 
and accompanied the Minister to England 
in 1902, doing the secretarial work there 
connected with the trade questions that 
were discussed at the Colonial Conference. 
His services were also utilized in connection 
with the trade negotiations with the French 
Government at Paris. He held the position 
of Assistant Commissioner of Customs of 
Canada for five years, and was Secretary 
of the Tariff Commission of 1906-07. He 
promoted and organized the Canadian 
Western Natural Gas, Light, Heat and 
Power Company, Calgary. He was ap- 
pointed Imperial Trade Correspondent for 
Ottawa District for the British Board of 
Trade in 1909. Although one of the old, 
steadfast and prominent Liberals in the 
capital, he joined and became active in the 
ranks of the Unionist Party during the 
general elections in 1917, and, as publicity 
director, rendered valuable service to the 
Unionist cause. His pithy paragraphs and 
pointed questions, such as "How would the 
Kaiser Vote?" which were printed in the 
campaign literature and in the press through- 
out Canada, attracted widespread attention 
and were used with telling effect by the var- 
ious public speakers during the campaign. 
Mr. Bain is the son of Robert and Agnes 
Bain and was born at Paisley, Scotland, 
June 8, 1869, where he received his educa- 
tion. April 5, 1899, he married Maude 
Buckley, daughter of P. Buckley, Paris, 
Ontario, and has two daughters Audrey 
Maie, born 1900, and Alison Muriel, born 
1903. In politics Mr. Bain is a Liberal, in 
religion a Presbyterian. His residence is 
167 James St. He is a member of the 
Laurentian Club, Ottawa, and the Ranch- 
man's, Calgary. 

De Celles, Alfred Duclos, L.L.D., 
F.R.S.C., C.M.G., Chevalier of the Legion 
of Honor, General Librarian of Parliament, 
was born at St. Laurent, near Montreal, in 
1844, and was educated at Laval University, 
Quebec, where he graduated in letters. He 
is the son of Augustin D. De Celles, a prom- 
inent notary, and Agnes Holmes, an Amer- 
ican lady. Abbe John Holmes, a noted 
preacher in Quebec, related to O. W. Holmes, 
was his uncle. In October, 1876, he mar- 
ried Eugenie Dorion, daughter of Eugene 
Dorion and Mary Panet, and has one son, 
Alfred Eugene De Celles. He is a dis- 
tinguished Canadian litterateur and pub- 
licist. For a time he was a member of 



CO 



the Board of Civil Service Examiners. In 
1867, Mr. De Celles, on account of ill-health, 
left the Laval University to take up the 
editorial chair of "Le Journal de Quebec" 
during Mr. Cauchon's absence in Europe. 
On the return of the latter he remained con- 
nected with the paper until 1872, when he 
entered the "Minerve", chief Conservative 
paper of the province of Quebec, as editor-in 
chief. He remained there until 1880, when 
he was appointed assistant librarian of the 
Parliamentary Library of Ottawa. In 1886, 
he became joint librarian with Mr. Martin 
J. Griffin. For several years after he entered 
the Library he had charge of "L" Opinion 
Publique," a weekly paper published in Mon- 
treal, chiefly devoted to literature and his- 
tory. Mr. De Celles, in 1896, published a 
History of the United States under the follow- 
ing title: "Les Etats-Unis, origine institu- 
tions development." For this work he re- 
ceived a prize from the Academic des Sciences 
Morales et Politiques of France. A few 
years later he wrote in English, the Life of 
Papineau and Cartier, in "The Makers of 
Canada." This work was subsequently pub- 
lished in French, in an enlarged form, to- 
gether with a Life of Cartier, the three 
volumes forming a political history of Canada. 
Reviewing Mr. De Celles' Papineau, the Lon- 
don "Outlook" (Jan. 13, 1906) summed up 
this work as follows: "Mr. De Celles 
has traced this out through the quarter 
of a century in which Papineau was the most 
brilliant, if not the most wise figure in French- 
Canadian politics, with the natural sympathy 
of a compatriot, though by no means without 
due recognition of his hero's failings. . . . 
He has given us an admirable picture of a 
strange and picturesque career. Everyone 
has heard of Papineau, and most Canadians 
have some idea of his achievements, but little 
probably of his personality." Mr. De Celles 
has also contributed to "Canada and Its 
Provinces," a synopsis of the History of 
Quebec under Confederation and an exten- 
sive history of colonization under this title: 
"The Habitant": and an outline of the 
municipal system in Lower Canada. He has 
contributed to The Chronicles of Canada the 
"Patriotes of 1837," a history of the Canadian 
Rebellion. In 1904, he was named Chevalier 
de la Legion d'Honneur, and in 1907 received 
the title of C.M.G. In 1884, he was received 
Member of the Royal Society, and since 1903 
he has occupied the post of President of 
1' Alliance Francaise. Mr. De Celles is in re- 
ligion a Catholic, and he resides in Ottawa. 



Evanturel, Gustave, M.P.P. for Prescott 
Co. (Alfred), was born March 19, 1880, at 
Ottawa, son of the Hon. Alfred Evanturel and 
Louisa Lee. Father was Speaker of the On- 
tario Legislature from 1898 to 1902 and 
Minister in the Ross Government from Nov. 
22, 1904, to Jan. 25, 1905. Educated at 
Bourget College, Rigaud, and Seminaire de 
Ste. Therese, P.Q., and Laval University, 
from which latter institution he graduated 
with the degree of B.L. Married, Sept. 26, 
1910, Marie Emelia, daughter of the late 
Paul Chevrier, of Vaudreuil. Notary public 
by profession; was President of L' Alliance 
Nationale, a mutual life insurance company 
of the Court of Alfred, which is called " Cercle 
Evanturel." Mr Evanturel has taken an 
active part in politics since the age of 17 years, 
especially in the County of Prescott, which 
his father represented from 1884 until 1905, 
being the first French-Canadian to enter the 
Ontario Legislature, the first representative 
of that race to be Speaker of the Ontario 
Assembly, and the first French-Canadian to 
enter the Ontario Government as Cabinet 
Minister. The subject of this sketch was 
first returned to the Ontario Legislature to 
represent the County of Prescott on Decem- 
ber 11, 1911, with a majority of 284, and re- 
elected on June 29, 1914, over two opponents 
by an increased majority of 350, defeating 
the Conservative candidate by over 1,000. 
Was Civil Servant in the Privy Council De- 
partment in 1908, and, on his election as a 
member for Prescott County, when he suc- 
ceeded his late father, was the youngest 
member of the Assembly. He is an eloquent 
speaker in both French and English, and has 
been a strong supporter of bi-lingualism on 
the floor of the Ontario Legislature, being the 
first member of the House to open the dis- 
cussion on the bi-lingual school question dur- 
ing the Session of the Legislature in the years 
1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1916. He has all the 
fire and dash of his race and is extremely 
popular on both sides of the House, and 
throughout Eastern Ontario, where he is well 
known. 

Fraleck, Edison Baldwin, was born in 
the township of Sydney in the County of 
Hastings on the 6th day of February, 1841, 
being descended from United Empire Loyalist 
stock. His grandfather, Lewis Fraleck, a 
Loyalist, came to Canada ; his father, Thomas 
Tillotson Fraleck, served on the Loyalist 
side throughout the whole period of the 
war 1812-15, being engaged on the Niagara 
Peninsula. His maternal grandfather was 



67 



Robert Nicholson, a native of Aberdeen, 
Scotland, and a Major in a Highland 
Regiment, served throughout the American 
Revolutionary War; came to Canada about 
1793. The subject of this sketch was edu- 
cated at the Public and High schools and 
Queen's University, Kingston, from which 
he graduated with the degree of B.A. in 
1863, and was called to the Bar 1868. Suc- 
cessfully practised his profession at Belle- 
ville for many years and was appointed 
Junior Judge for the County of Hastings on 
December 28, 1881, which office he filled for 
some thirty-five years, when he retired. 
Was revising officer for East and West 
Hastings, and a Judge of the Surrogate Court 
for the County of Hastings for ten years, 
and a member of Queen's University Council 
for over twenty-five years. Served as 
Lieutenant in the 49th Regiment 1868-74, 
and retired retaining rank. He was noted 
as a strong and active writer on all political 
subjects before his elevation to the Bench. 
Being a keen sportsman, taking a lively 
interest in hunting, fishing, camping and 
canoeing, Judge Fraleck contributed fre- 
quently to the "Canadian Magazine," 
"Canada Sportsmen," "Forest and Stream," 
the result of his experience. He has always 
been an ardent Imperialist and Protectionist. 
Judge Fraleck has won distinction as a 
ready and fluent speaker, and rendered 
splendid services as such during the Con- 
federation campaign and subsequently. Mar- 
ried August 14, 1874, to Jane E., daughter 
of William Judd, of Stirling, County of 
Hastings, and five children were the result 
of the union: Ernest Leigh (died 1909), 
Charles Cecil, Madeliene, Jessie, and Helen. 
He is a member of the Masonic Order and 
Orange Order, and in religion is a Presby- 
terian. Politically, the Judge was before 
his elevation to the Bench, a member of 
the Conservative Party. 

Davey, James, Ottawa, Ont. The Ottawa 
Manager of The Toronto General Trusts Cor- 
poration; has been with the Company since it 
was first established by the late J.W.Langmuir, 
in the spring of 1882, and was its first account- 
ant. In April, 1917, he celebrated the 35th 
anniversary of his connection with the com- 
pany. In length of service he is the oldest 
Canadian trust company officer. He has 
been manager of the Ottawa branch of To- 
ronto General Trusts Corporation since 1905. 
Mr. Davey arrived in Canada in March, 1882, 
after having been for nearly ten years in the 
accountant's office of one of the largest news- 



paper publishing houses in the West of Eng- 
land. For a period of 15 years he was chief 
accountant of The Toronto General Trusts 
Corporation, afterwards occupying the posi- 
tion of secretary for several years. Subse- 
quently he was placed in charge, for a period 
of three years, of one of the largest loan 
company liquidations in Canada. In Janu- 
ary, 1902, Mr. Davey was appointed manager 
of the newly opened branch of The Toronto 
General Trusts Corporation in Winnipeg, 
and in January, 1905 (shortly after the Cor- 
poration purchased the business of the Ot- 
tawa Trust and Deposit Company), Manager 
at Ottawa. Mr. Davey was born in Alder- 
ney, Channel Islands, on September 15, 1855, 
and was educated at the National Schools, 
Alderney, and the Grammar School, Lost- 
withiel, Cornwall, England. His parents 
were James Davey and Mary Anne Davey. 
He married Caroline Grace Gerrans, daughter 
of Joseph Gerrans and Mary Gerrans, Corn- 
wall, England, and is the father of six sons 
and daughters Joseph Frederick, Marion 
Elizabeth, Herbert Gerrans (now deceased), 
Thomas Deslandes, Caroline Grace, Lillian 
James. Mr. Davey is a member of the 
Laurentian Club, Ottawa, is a Methodist in 
religion, and an Independent in politics. He 
resides at 430 Maclaren Street, Ottawa. 

Tremeear, William J. (Pasadena, Cal.), 
Counsellor-at-Law, a native of Bowmanville, 
Ont., received his primary education at the 
public and high schools at Oshawa, Ont., 
and matriculated at Toronto University 
in the class of 1881, taking honors in mathe- 
matics and modern languages. He after- 
wards attended the law school of Osgoode 
Hall, Toronto, and was admitted to the 
Ontario Bar in 1886, and practised in Tor- 
onto until 1918, when he removed to Pas- 
adena, Cal., to take up legal literary work. 
He is the author of several legal works of 
recognized authority, amongst them three 
editions of an annotated Criminal Code of 
Canada. He is a member of the Masonic 
Order, the Knights of Pythias and the I.O.F. 

Briggs, William, D.D. (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born in Banbridge, County Down, Ire- 
land, educated in Liverpool, England, and 
came to Canada in 1859. He preached 
successfully in Montreal, London, Cobourg, 
Belleville and Toronto. In 1879 he was 
appointed Book Steward of the Methodist 
Book and Publishing House, a position he 
holds until July, 1919, when, in conformity 
with a recent enactment placing an age limit 



68 



LOL.C.A.HODGETTS 

OTTAWA 



R.A . STAPELLS 

TORONTO 




on all Methodist General Conference officials, 
he became Book Steward Emeritus. Under 
his management great progress has been 
made, and the Book Room is, without a 
doubt, one of the most profitable publish- 
ing houses in Canada to-day. It has grown 
year after year on a steady basis, and the 
large number of employees engaged is an 
indication that business must be going on 
regularly to carry a staff numbering in the 
hundreds. The mechanical departments are 
manned with all the latest devices in machin- 
ery and everything has been so arranged that 
the largest publication can be turned out on 
the very shortest notice. To successfully 
carry so large an institution means that great 
care is exercised by the management. 
Among the trade throughout Canada Dr. 
Briggs is credited as being one of the most 
economic and shrewd managers connected 
with the business. The name of William 
Briggs is a household word throughout the 
Dominion and wherever he goes at the week 
end to supply a pulpit he is always greeted 
with large congregations. The degree of D.D. 
was conferred upon him by Victoria Univer- 
sity. He is a member of the Toronto Board 
of Trade. 

Gibbons, John Joseph, Advertising 
Counsel (Toronto, Ont.), has taken a special 
interest in Patriotic work in connection with 
the Great War; being a member of the Or- 
ganization of Resources Committee (Ontario), 
the Toronto and York County Patriotic As- 
sociation, the Canadian Red Cross Society, 
the Belgian Relief Association, and the Can- 
adian War Contingent Association. He is 
Vice- President of the Ontario Motor League; 
as also a member of the National Club, the 
R.C.Y.C. of Toronto; and the Brantford, 
Lambton and Caledon Clubs. Mr. Gibbons 
was born in Boston, Mass., March 15, 1877, 
and married, May 12, 1909, Helen E., 
daughter of James G. Cockshutt, founder 
of the Cockshutt Plow Co., Brantford, Ont., 
by whom he has two children Kathleen, 
Mary and John Cockshutt. His recreation 
is golf. 

Bachand, Leonide Charles, M.D. (Sher- 
brooke, Que.), son of the late J. C. Bachand, 
N.P. Registrar County of Bagot, Quebec, and 
nephew of Hon. P. Bachand, ex-Treasurer 
Province of Quebec. Was bqrn at St. Pie, 
P.Q., October 6, 1854, educated at St. 
Hyacinthe and Victoria College, Montreal; 
graduated Victoria University, Cobourg, with 
degree of M.D., 1878; married, October 6, 



1878, to Marie Agnes Georgine, daughter of 
late H. O. Camirand, of Sherbrooke, P.Q. 
Practised his profession at Coaticook, where 
he was mayor, President of Board of Trade, 
Chairman of School Commissioners, and also 
editor and co-proprietor of L'Etoile de 1'Est; 
removed to Sherbrooke, 1899; elected Mayor 
there, 1908; appointed Coroner District of 
St. Francis; President of Medical Board of 
the Sherbrooke St. Vincent Hospital; Spec- 
ialist in eye, ear, nose and throat. Is father 
of three sons, viz.: Dr. J. D. Bachand, of St. 
Johnsbury, C. E. Bachand, Joint Prothonot- 
ary, Sherbrooke, and Leonidas Bachand, 
Notary Public, and Secretary Board of Trade, 
Sherbrooke. Dr. Bachand is a Roman Cath- 
olic in religion, and formerly was a Liberal 
in politics. 

Denis, J. Wilfred (Nicolet, Quebec), son 
of Drendonne Denis, was born at St. Cuth- 
bert, Cte. Berthier, January 21, 1871. Edu- 
cated at the College of Joliette and Laval 
University, Montreal, graduating with the 
degree of B.A. Mr. Denis is a Notary Pub- 
lic and Registrar and Prothonotary of the 
Supreme Court. He has been married twice 
and is the father of four children, viz. : Berthe 
Germaine, Jeanne and Laure. He is a 
Roman Catholic in religion, and politically a 
Liberal. 

Eddis, Wilton C. (Toronto, Ont.), born in 
London, England, on September 15, 1855, 
and educated at Merchant Taylors School, 
Mr. Eddis has been a resident of Toronto for 
many years and is a prominent Chartered 
Accountant, holding the degrees of F.S.A.A. 
and F.C.A. He married Florence I., daughter 
of John Wyndham, of Dalwood, New South 
Wales, in 1883, and is the father of the fol- 
lowing children: John Wyndham, Charles 
Sheppard, Dorothy Wyndham, Mrs. Muriel 
Greenwood, Mrs. Margaret Green, Mrs. 
Esther Lane. He is a member of the fol- 
lowing clubs: Albany, Toronto Chess Club, 
Royal Canadian Yacht Club, also St. 
George's Society and the Board of Trade, 
Toronto. In religion he is a member of the 
Church of England and a Conservative in 
politics. Mr. Eddis is also Justice of the 
Peace. His favorite recreation is chess. 

Bowes, James Leslie Llewellyn (To- 
ronto, Ont.), Merchant, was educated at 
Oakwood Public School, Lindsay Collegiate 
Institute, and Toronto University. After 
graduating from the latter, he started in the 
wholesale produce business in 1902, with the 
firm of J. A. McLean Produce Co., Ltd., of 



which he assumed the management three 
years later. More recently he formed the 
Bowes Co., Ltd., which took over the parent 
business as a going concern and in addition 
to its produce business, developed the largest 
baker, confectioners, and ice cream manufac- 
turers supply business in Canada. Its con- 
nections extend from Halifax to Vancouver, 
and they are both exporters and importers 
from all parts of the world, besides manu- 
facturing many lines supplied to its own 
trade. Mr. Bowes was born in Oakwood, 
Ont., on February 26, 1877, the son of 
Margaret Ellen and Thomas Bowes, farmer, 
live stock dealer and exporter. He mar- 
ried Gladys Lansdowne, daughter of W. F. 
Barber, Guelph, Ont., September 22, 1908, 
by whom he has two children, Margaret 
Frances, born 1909, and Thomas Howard, 
born 1913. He is a member of the Royal 
Canadian Yacht Club, Scarboro Golf and 
Country Club, Thistle Team Bowling Club, 
and Cold Creek Trout Club. In politics he 
is a Liberal, and in religion a Methodist. 

Thomson, Levi (Wolseley, Sask.), Mem- 
ber of Parliament for Qu'Appelle, Sask., is 
the son of John Thomson and Sarah Mc- 
Millan, formerly of Scotland. He was born 
near Hillsburgh, in Erin Township, Ontario, 
February 17, 1855, and was educated in 
common school and Rockwood Academy. 
After legal studies in Toronto he emigrated 
to the North- West Territories in 1882, and 
engaged in farming near Wolseley, Sask., 
where he now resides. Twelve years later Mr. 
Thomson commenced the practice of law at 
Wolseley and was appointed Crown Prose- 
cutor in 1897, which position he resigned 
seven years later, but became Agent of the 
Attorney-General of Saskatchewan for Moos- 
omin Judicial District in 1906. The future 
legislator was not long in making himself felt 
in the public life of his community, being 
elected a member of the Wolseley Rural 
Municipality in 1887, an office which he 
resigned after three years' term only to be- 
come Councillor of the Town of Wolse- 
ley in 1902-3, and finally Mayor, in 1904. 
In the same year Levi Thomson was the 
Liberal Candidate for the Dominion House 
in Qu'Appelle constituency, but was defeated 
by the narrow margin of 28 votes. Con- 
testing Wolseley constituency for the Sas- 
katchewan Legislature a year later he was 
unsuccessful by the even smaller majority of 
20; but finally achieved his ambition in 1911, 
being returned to the Federal House for 
Qu'Appelle, with a handsome majority. 



Despite political activities, Mr. Thomson has 
always retained his interest in farming and 
was the first President of the Wolseley Agri- 
cultural Society when it was organized in 
1885, retaining office for three years, and also 
Vice- President of the Grain Growers' Associa- 
tion of Saskatchewan in 1907. At present 
he is extensively engaged in farming on his 
own account, specializing in grain and the 
raising of Clydesdale and grade horses. In 
1884 Mr. Thomson married Mabel Maud, 
daughter of the late Hon. W. D. Perley, by 
whom he has five children, Harold F., born in 
1885; Allen P., in 1888; Edwin E-, in 1890; 
Florence M., in 1896, and Arthur M., 
in 1901. Since 1908 he has been a member 
of the Board of Governors of Saskatchewan 
University, and he is also a member of 
the Independent Order of Foresters and the 
Royal Templars of Temperance. In religion 
Mr. Thomson is a Disciple of Christ or 
Christian. 

Brock, Lieut.-Col. Henry, son of Wil- 
liam Rees Brock, M.P., and Margaret Anna 
Diamond. He was born at Guelph, Ont., 
May 14, 1859. Educated at Upper Canada 
College and The University of Toronto. 
B.A., B.C.L., D.C.L. Married, June 16, 
1891, Anna Maude Cawthra, daughter of 
Henry Cawthra, "Yeadon Hall," Toronto, 
Barrister-at-Law. One child living, Mildred 
Cawthra Brock. Is a Barrister-at-Law and 
for many years practised in Toronto as a 
member of the firm of Cassels, Brock, 
Kelley & Falconbridge. Elected a Director 
of the W. R. Brock Company, Limited, in 
1904. Succeeded his father as President in 
1918. Director of The Western and British 
America Fire Insurance Companies, The 
British America Coal Co., and President of 
The Stanstead Granite Quarries Company, 
Limited. Was a Member of the Council of the 
Toronto Board of Trade for eight years and 
President in 1913. On Council of Ontario 
Associated Boards of Trade since its founda- 
tion in 1911; President of the Canadian Mili- 
tary Institute, 1916, 1917, 1918. An advisory 
member of the Council of The Aviation Club 
of Canada. In religion he is an Anglican and 
for many years has been Churchwarden of 
St. James' Cathedral. Lieut.-Col. Henry 
Brock has had a long period of service in 
the Canadian Militia and at the time of his 
retirement from the Command of the 10th 
Royal Grenadiers to take a Staff appoint- 
ment as Chief Recruiting Officer in Toronto 
was one of the Senior Militia Officers in 
Canada on Active Service. He joined the 



70 



University Company, Queen's Own Rifles, 
in July, 1877, and was appointed a Lieuten- 
ant in October, 1882; Captain, November, 
1888. He served as a Lieutenant in the 
North- West Rebellion, 1885, was mentioned 
in despatches for distinguished conduct in 
the field, and received the Medal and Clasp. 
In 1891 he was posted to the Reserve of 
Officers and in 1897 was appointed to the 
10th Royal Grenadiers as Captain, becoming 
Brevet Major in 1899, Senior Major in 1907, 
Brevet Lieut.-Colonel in 1912, and took over 
the Command of the Regiment in 1913. He 
volunteered for active service for the Nile 
Expedition in 1886, and for South Africa in 
1899. Received Long Service Decoration 
in 1907. For the late European Campaign 
he volunteered for active service "in any 
position the authorities thought him fit for." 
Appointed Chief Recruiting Officer for Tor- 
onto, July, 1915; Chief Recruiting Officer 
2nd Military District, October, 1915; Direc- 
tor of National Service 2nd Military District, 
September 30, 1916. Member of Selective 
Tribunal under Military Service Act, Octo- 
ber, 1917. Recreations: Reading and, for- 
merly, rifle shooting and riding, cricket and 
football. Clubs: The Toronto Club, To- 
ronto Hunt, University Club, Canadian Mili- 
tary Institute, Toronto; The Constitutional 
Club, London, England. Residences: 174 
St. George Street, Toronto, and Park Place, 
Oakville. 

Fraser, George B., Dry Goods Merchant 
(Montreal, Que.), was born at Strichen, Aber- 
deenshire, Scotland, September 29, 1854, and 
was educated in the Old Deer Parish School. 
He married Rebecca, daughter of John Mor- 
rison, Montreal, May 11, 1880, their children 
being Helen Edith and James Morrison 
Fraser. As a Director of Greenshields, Ltd., 
Montreal, he is actively engaged in the largest 
and oldest dry goods house in Canada. He 
is also a Director of the Bank of Montreal, 
the Standard Life Assurance Company and 
Hudson's Bay Insurance Company. Mr. 
Fraser's public offices include the following: 
Member of the Montreal Board of Trade, 
President of the Grace Dart Memorial Hos- 
pital, Vice-President of the McKay Institute 
for the Deaf and Dumb, Life Governor of 
the Montreal General Hospital, Member of 
the Board of Management and Life Governor 
of the Western Hospital, Montreal. He is a 
member of the St. James, Montreal and Can- 
adian Clubs, Forest and Stream Club, and of 
St. Andrew's Society. Is a Presbyterian in 
religion and a Liberal in politics. His chosen 
recreation is golf. 



Brock, William Rees, the late, was born 
on February 14, 1836, in the Township of 
Eramosa, near Guelph, Ontario. His father 
Thomas Rees Brock, was of an ancient 
English family who were landed proprietors 
near Colchester in the County of Essex. 
His mother was Eleanor Thompson, daughter 
of Thomas Thompson, of Rusheen, Queen's 
County, Ireland. The young couple, aged re- 
spectively 17 and 21 years, were married at the 
Parish Church in Guelph and after the cere- 
mony rode on horseback to their new home 
five miles away in "the wild woods." After 
a few years of life on the farm Mr. Brock 
was persuaded that a man of his education 
and attainments could do better in the town 
and he removed to Guelph where he held 
several appointments as Town Auditor, Sec- 
retary of the School Board, Superintendent 
of the Government Road and Surrogate 
Court Clerk. In the fall of 1850, while 
out shooting in the woods, he was accidentally 
shot and died at his residence, Park Place, a 
few days afterwards, aged thirty-eight years, 
leaving his widow with nine children surviv- 
ing. The stone house he built on the York 
Road is still standing. The subject of this 
sketch was the second child and eldest son. 
He immediately left the Guelph Grammar 
School and went into the law office of the 
Hon. Ferguson Blair, where he remained 
about a year, deciding to enter commercial 
life, in which he achieved so conspicuous a 
success. His first employment was in a 
general store in Caledonia. About 1854 he 
located in Toronto, being engaged with 
Scott & Laidlaw. He married on the 23rd 
of September, 1857, Margaret Anna, second 
daughter of Captain John Segur Diamond, 
formerly of Clonenagh, Queen's County, 
Ireland, who came to Canada in 1834, and 
served through the rebellion of 1837 as 
Adjutant of the 2nd Gore Regiment. Capt. 
Diamond was at one time in the Royal 
Irish Constabulary and after his arrival in 
this country was engaged in business with 
Colonel Chisholm, of Oakville, and others, as 
lumbermen and vessel owners. He had died 
some nine years previously to his daughter's 
marriage. After his marriage, Mr. Brock 
went into business in Guelph, but later sold 
out and entered the service of McArthur 
& Co., of Bowmanville, where he remained 
about four-and-a-half years, subsequently 
went to Ogilvy & Co., Montreal, wholesale 
merchants, was English buyer for that firm 
for some years; was made a partner and 
came to Toronto in 1871, and opened Ogilvy 
& Company's Toronto branch. In 1877, in 



71 



partnership with his brother, J. H. Brock, 
he started the business of W. R. Brock & 
Brother, at the corner of Bay and Welling- 
ton Streets, Toronto. In 1879 a partner- 
ship was formed with Messrs. F. Wyld and 
H. W. Darling, as Wyld, Brock & Dar- 
ling. Mr. Darling retired in 1883, and 
Mr. Wyld in 1887. The firm of W. R. 
Brock & Company was turned into a joint 
stock company in 1897. The Montreal 
branch was started in 1899, and the branch 
at Calgary in 1905. Besides being President 
of the W. R. Brock Company, Ltd., he was a 
director of the Dominion Lands Colonization 
Co., the British Canadian Loan and Invest- 
ment Co., Toronto Electric Light Co., 
Electrical Development Co., Ontario Acci- 
dent Insurance Co., Toronto General Trust 
Corporation and the Dominion Bank. He 
was also President of the British American 
and Western Assurance Companies, the 
Stanstead Granite Quarries Company, Lon- 
don Electric Light Company, and the Cana- 
dian General Electric Company. Mr. Brock 
was one of the founders of the "Empire" news- 
paper, Toronto, and served as President 
of the company until its amalgamation with 
"The Mail" in 1895. For years he was Presi- 
dent of the Toronto Conservative Association 
and sat in the House of Commons for Centre 
Toronto in the tonservative interest from 
1900 to 1904. Mr. Brock was also a director 
and a leading spirit in many philanthropic 
organizations. He was a founder and Presi- 
dent of the Toronto Humane Society, a life 
member of the Council of Trinity University 
and of Upper Canada College, and bene- 
factor of both institutions. He was a member 
of the congregation of St. James' Cathedral, 
and from 1883 to 1890 was a churchwarden. 
His clubs were: Toronto Club, York Club, 
Albany Club, Toronto Hunt Club, Toronto; 
The Rideau Club, Ottawa; and St. James' 
Club, Montreal. His surviving children are 
Lt.-Col. Henry Brock, Lt.-Col. R. A. Brock, 
Mr. W. L. Brock, and the Misses Lilian, 
Gertrude, and Muriel Brock. Mr. Brock 
died at his residence, 21 Queen's Park, 
Toronto, on November 1, 1917. He was 
almost eighty-two years of age, and actively 
engaged in business up to within a few days 
of his death. Although advanced in years 
Mr. Brock retained his keen business acumen 
right through and served to the last in an 
advisory capacity to the directors of the W. 
R. Brock Company. By virtue of excep- 
tional ability, organizing genius, hard work, 
adaptability, generosity and an apprecia- 



tive attitude toward those in his employ- 
ment, he was able to develop one of the 
outstanding mercantile houses of the Domin- 
ion. He held the esteem of the merchants 
in practically all the primary markets of 
the world. In Canadian industry he was 
declared to be an international figure. The 
memory of William Rees Brock will long 
live as a man noted for his commercial 
integrity, spltendid philanthropy, and public 
enterprises. He was endowed with a win- 
ning personality, and his influence in public 
affairs was always for good. He was a 
staunch supporter of British Connection, 
and believed in promoting closer trade 
relations between Canada and the Mother 
Country. He lived a long, useful, and 
upright life, an inspiration to others, who 
would merit the approval of their fellows, 
and the close of a career so full of years and 
honors was regarded as a public loss. 

Dwyer, William Henry. President of 
W. H. Dwyer Co., Ltd., general grain and 
produce dealers and exporters, 49 Metcalfe 
Street, Ottawa, is one of the capital's busiest 
and most active men. His early life was 
spent on the farm at Thurso, Que., entered 
the employ of W. C. Edwards & Company, 
Limited, at Rockland, Ont, in 1882, to learn 
the lumber business, in whose employ he re- 
mained until May, 1890, when he left this 
company and removed to Thurso, Que., 
where he operated, successfully, a steam ferry 
and cartage business, which developed in 1902 
into a hay and grain business, in a small way. 
The growth of this business made it necessary 
in 1898 for him to move to Ottawa. The 
increased business, occasioned principally by 
the South African War in 1900 and 1901, 
made it necessary to form a limited company,' 
viz., the W. H. Dwyer Co., Ltd., which was 
formed in 1901, and since that time has de- 
veloped to such an extent that some years ago 
offices were opened at Montreal and Fort 
William and, in 1917, a subsidiary company 
was formed in Winnipeg under the name 
of McGaw-Dwyer, Limited, to take care 
of the Western business. Mr. W. H. Dwyer 
was born at Bell's Corners, County of 
Carleton, Ontario, May 6, 1861. He is the 
son of Dennis and Jane (Hall) Dwyer, and 
was educated at Thurso, Quebec. In 1885 
he married Sara McDonald, Cumberland, 
Ontario, and has four daughters. He is 
President the Dwyer Elevator Co., President 
and Managing Director the Slinn-Shouldis 
Co., Ltd., Ottawa; President Forwarders, 
Ltd., Ottawa; Vice-President the Saskatche- 



72 




THE LATE M. F. BEACH 



wan Lumber Co., Ottawa; Vice-President 
Prince Rupert Timber and Lumber Co., Ot- 
tawa; Vice-President and Managing Director 
Continental Bag and Paper Co., Ottawa; 
Vice-President Lawrence Dairy Supply Co., 
Ottawa; Vice-President Ottawa Contractors, 
Ltd., Ottawa; Director McKellar Townsite, 
Ltd., Ottawa; Vice-President McGaw-Dwyer 
Co., Ltd., Winnipeg; Vice-President J. W. 
Hennessy, Incorporated, Buffalo, N.Y. For the 
years 1913-1914 he was President of the Ot- 
tawa Board of Trade, and is a life Governor 
of the Protestant Hospital. He has sup- 
ported the Red Cross and Patriotic causes in 
many ways during the war. He is a mem- 
ber of the Laurentian, Canadian and River- 
mead Clubs. In politics he is Independent. 
In religion a Methodist, and his address is 
91 McLaren Street, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Bristow, Michael George, son of the late 
Rev. Ernest Bristow, of St. Paul's Cathedral, 
London, England, arrived in Ottawa in 1893. 
He was born at Bath, England, in 1879, where 
his mother still resides. His brother, Rev. 
Walter Bristow, soon after the opening of 
hostilities in the Great War brought about 
by Germany's treachery, became Chaplain 
with the Imperial forces and started for 
France, while his sister Ethel offered her 
services and started to do her share as a 
nurse in a Military Hospital in France. In 
1892 Mr. Bristow made Ottawa his home and 
took a position in the Civil Service. Ambi- 
tious, and feeling that such employment did 
not offer sufficient possibilities, he resigned 
and went into the typewriter business. Suc- 
cess crowned his first efforts and he built up a 
large volume of trade. In 1897 Mr. Bristow 
became the representative in Ottawa, Ont., 
of the Underwood Typewriter and dealer in 
typewriters' supplies. He was one of Ot- 
tawa's best-known business men. Being a 
lover of music, and possessing a fine voice, 
soon after his arrival in Ottawa Mr. Bristow 
became a member of St. John's Anglican 
Church choir and, later, its president, and 
always, when solicited, freely gave his ser- 
vices as a singer for patriotic and charitable 
purposes. He was an all-round athlete, and 
gained fame in cricket and bowling; was the 
founder of the Ottawa Cricket Club, and 
president of the Bowling Club at Chelsea, 
Quebec; also president of the Chelsea Ath- 
letic Association. In 1905 he won the 
Massey-Harris Cup for all Canada in the Na- 
tional Tennis Competition, in which he rep- 
resented the Ottawa Tennis Club. With 
marked ability as an amateur minstrel he 



organized and was head of a local Minstrel 
troop that has already given many concerts 
of exceeding merit. He was president of the 
Orpheus Glee Club, and a prominent mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order Sports. Before 
the departure of the 207th Battalion for 
Overseas he arranged a big concert for its 
benefit. To other organizations he rendered 
similar services, and was elected President of 
the War Veterans' Choral Society. In 1897 
he married Beatrice Bristow, daughter of 
Arthur Bristow, who came from England and 
joined the Dominion Civil Service. Three 
children have blessed the union Joan, Reg- 
gie and Marjorie. Mr. Bristow died on 
December 19, 1917. 

Braithwaite, Edward Ernest, London, 
Ont., President of Western University, son 
of Mark Mell Braithwaite and Elizabeth 
Eckardt; born at Unionville, Ont., March 
14, 1865. Educated at Markham High 
School and Toronto University, McGill Uni- 
versity, B.A. (with first class honors in 
Philosophy, '86), Oberlin College, Ohio, 
(B.D., '90), University of Chicago, and Har- 
vard University, where he obtained the degree 
of M.A., 1901, and Ph.D., 1904. Married, 
November 10, 1892, to Ida Minnie Van 
Camp, daughter of Rev. Albert and Isabella 
Van Camp, of Cleveland, Ohio. Is the 
father of the following children: Harold Al- 
bert, born August 28, 1893; Lloyd Mell, born 
October 22, 1896; Ernest Scott, born Decem- 
ber 8, 1899; Percy Bryant, born March 9, 
1905; Carol Isabel, born December 25, 1906. 
Dr. Braithwaite is a noted educationalist, 
and has occupied many important positions 
in the prominent seats of learning in Canada 
and the United States, and has also filled 
many pastorates, among which may be 
mentioned the following: 1890-95, Pastor 
St. Louis, Mo. (Fountain Park Congrega- 
tional Church); 1896-97, Graduate Student 
University of Chicago (working mainly with 
that eminent teacher, the late President 
Harper in the Department of Oriental 
Languages); 1897-1900, Pastor Tabernacle 
Church, Yarmouth, N.S., and Chairman 
of the Congregational Union of the 
Maritime Provinces, also Missionary Sup- 
erintendent for the Provinces of Nova 
Scotia and New Brunswick; 1900-1901, 
began Ph.D. course in the Graduate Depart- 
ment of Harvard University, and at the end 
of the first year was called to Oberlin owing 
to the illness of Hebrew Professor. Returned 
to Harvard University the following year; 
1901-02, Acting Professor of Hebrew and 



73 



Old Testament Literature, Oberlin College, 
Ohio; 1902-03, Graduate Student, Harvard 
University, from which he received the 
degree of Ph.D. in 1904 and was appointed 
Williams Fellow; 1903-08, Pastor of West 
Somerville, Mass.; 1908-11, Pastor of Nor- 
thern Church, Toronto; 1912-13, Dean of 
Calgary College, Calgary, Alberta; 1914. was 
appointed President of the Western Univer- 
sity of London, which position he now holds. 
Dr. Braithwaite is a member of the Rotary 
and Canadian Clubs, and has been a Liberal 
in politics although not especially identified 
with any parties. He is Chairman of the 
Military Committee of the C. O. T. C. of 
the Western University and takes great 
interest in Military matters and all ama- 
teur sports. He is also one of the Board of 
Directors of the London Chamber of Com- 
merce and several other local organizations. 

Bell, John Howatt, M.A., K.C., Bar- 
rister, Summerside, Prince Edward Island; 
was born at Cape Traverse, Prince Edward 
Island, on the 13th of December, 1846. His 
father, Walter Bell, emigrated from Dum- 
fries, Scotland, in 1820, and settled at Cape 
Traverse. His mother was Elizabeth How- 
att, daughter of Adam Howatt. Mr. Bell 
received his education at the Prince of Wales 
College, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Is- 
land, and at Albert University, Belleville, 
Ont., at which latter institution he took the 
degrees of B.A. and M.A. He studied law 
as a profession with Thomas Ferguson, Q.C., 
Toronto, and was called to the bar of Ontario 
in 1874. He then went to Ottawa, and in 
partnership with R. A. Bradley, practised 
his profession for eight years in that City. 
In 1882, Mr. Bell removed to Emerson, 
Manitoba, and was admitted a member of 
the bar of Manitoba in 1882, and practised 
in Emerson for two years. In 1884 he went 
to Prince Edward Island, and having passed 
the necessary examination, he became a mem- 
ber of the bar of that Island, and has since 
resided at Summerside successfully engaged 
in his profession. For four years, he repre- 
sented East Prince in the Federal Parlia- 
ment, and in 1915, became a candidate for 
the Fourth District of Prince in the Local 
Legislature and being re-elected, was chosen 
Leader of the Liberal Opposition. On the 
7th of April, 1882, he was married to Helen, 
daughter of Cornelius Howatt, of Summer- 
side, Speaker of the House of Assembly of 
Prince Edward Island. He is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and a member of 
the Masonic Order. 



Gillespie. Professor Peter, M.Sc., C.E. 

(Toronto, Ont.), was born at Grafton, Ont., 
April 17, 1873, the son of Peter Gillespie, 
proprietor of the Vernonville Flour Mills, 
who died in 1873, and his wife, Eliza Hossack, 
a native of Cromarty, Scotland, who still 
survives. Prof. Gillespie was educated at the 
Cobourg Collegiate Institute, the University 
of Toronto and at McGill University, Mon- 
treal. His academic connection with the 
University of Toronto began in 1904, when 
he became Demonstrator in Applied Mech- 
anics in the School of Practical Science, now 
the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineer- 
ing. Subsequently he became Lecturer and, 
in 1911, Associate Professor in the same De- 
partment, the position which he at present 
occupies. Since 1908 he has been a member 
of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, 
now the Engineering Institute of Canada, is 
at present a Councillor thereof and Chairman 
of the Toronto Branch. During the years of 
its active existence, 1908-1912, he was Presi- 
dent of the Canadian Cement and Concrete 
Association, an organization devoted to the 
dissemination of authentic information con- 
cerning the uses of Portland Cement in 
building construction. To the transactions 
of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers 
and to the Technical press generally, Mr. 
Gillespie is an occasional contributor. In 
addition to the duties of his academic posi- 
tion, he devotes a part of his time to the 
practice of engineering and as designer or 
consultant has been identified with engineer- 
ing projects in various parts of Canada. He 
has of late been actively engaged in the train- 
ing of returned soldiers for the Invalided 
Soldiers' Commission of Canada. In 1910 
he married Mary Hope, daughter of Mr. M. 
O. Merritt, U.E.L., of Smithville, Ont., a 
retired farmer whose forbears came from 
Fishkill, Duchess County, New York, at the 
time of the United Empire Loyalist migration 
following the close of the American Revolu- 
tionary War. They have two children, Mary 
Elizabeth and Robert George. In religion 
Mr. Gillespie is a Presbyterian and in politics 
inclines toward Liberalism. He resides at 
358 Davenport Road. 

Grange, Edward Alexander Andrew, 

Toronto, Principal of Ontario Veterinary 
College, 110 University Avenue, Toronto, 
was born in London, England, April 9, 1848. 
His parents were the late Lt.-Col. George 
John Grange, Sheriff, County Wellington, 
and Mary, daughter of Capt. Dawson. 
Although born in England, Mr. Grange's 



74 



' 



education was obtained entirely in this 
country, first by private tuition, then at 
Dr. Tassie's School, Gait, Ontario, and 
finally at Ontario Veterinary College where 
he graduated with the degree of V.S. 
in 1873, obtaining his M.S. in 1908, 
at Michigan Agricultural College. An 
ardent Imperialist, Mr. Grange was for 
many years a staff officer of Wellington 
Field Battery and Brigade of Artillery, 
and is a present member of the Cana- 
dian Military Institute, the Empire Club 
and the Canadian Club. In his pro- 
fession he has always distinguished him- 
self. From 1875 to 1882 he was a 
lecturer at Ontario Agricultural Col- 
lege; from 1883 to 1897 he was a professor 
Veterinary Science, Michigan Agricultural 
College; 1897 to 1899 he was principal 
Detroit Veterinary College; from 1899 to 
1908 he was engaged in veterinary research 
work in New York State, and since then has 
been principal of Ontario Veterinary College, 
Toronto. He is a member of numerous 
veterinary and other scientific societies, a 
Fellow of A.V.M.A., a member of N.V. 
Veterinary College Alumni Association, and 
an honorary member of Alpha Phi Society of 
Cornell. An Anglican in religion, Mr. Grange 
is married to Bessie, daughter of Lt.-Col. 
James Webster, registrar, Wellington County. 
Their union was blessed with three children, 
James Webster (deceased), Flight Com- 
mander E. Rochfort, D.S.C., R.N., hblder of 
Croix de Guerre; and daughter, Maynard. 

Morin, Victor, LL.D. (Montreal, Que.), 
is the son of Jean Baptiste Morin, a lumber 
merchant of St. Hyacinthe, was born at St. 
Hyacinthe, Que., August 15, 1865, is a 
Notary and Professor of Law at Laval Uni- 
versity, was educated at St. Hyacinthe Col- 
lege, Que., and Laval University, Montreal, 
graduating 1884, 1888, 1909 with the degrees 
of A.B., LL.D.; is the author of several 
books and articles on historical, literary, 
scientific, social and business subjects, and 
is a member of the Royal Society of Canada, 
President of the Societe Nationale des Beaux- 
Arts, and Vice- President of the Montreal 
Library Commission, President-General of 
the St. Jean Baptiste Society, President of 
the Association du Notariat Canadien, Presi- 
dent Montreal Historical Society and Her- 
aldic College, also member of the Antiquarian 
and Numismatic Clubs, of which he is vice- 
president, besides belonging to the Reform 
Club, Cercle Universitaire, St. Dennis Club, 
and several others; his favorite recreations 



are the study of books and curios. He is a 
member of the Roman Catholic Church and 
Liberal in politics; Past Supreme Chief 
Ranger of the Independent Order of Forest- 
ers, and member of many other fraternal 
societies. In business circles he is very 
active, being President, Vice-President or 
Director of several business and financial 
corporations. On January 12, 1893, he mar- 
ried Fannie Cote, the daughter of Hon. 
Daniel Cote, of Biddeford, Maine, and after 
her death married Alphonsine Cote, on May 
5, 1896, the daughter of Victor Cote, of St. 
Hyacinthe, Que.; he is the father of the fol- 
lowing children, namely, Lucien, Reginald, 
Marc, Andre, Gisele, Claire, Marie, Renee, 
Roland, Guy and Roger, besides two de- 
ceased. 

Hastings, David (Dunnville, Ont.), is 
the son of John and Mary Jane Hastings, 
born in Toronto, Ont., October 3, 1860. He 
received his education at the Toronto and 
Hamilton Public Schools and Hamilton Col- 
legiate Institute. Mr. Hastings is the editor 
and publisher of "The Gazette," the oldest 
paper in the County of Haldimand, which 
was established in 1852. It is a Conserva- 
tive journal, published at Dunnville. In 
February, 1915, Mr. Hastings was appointed 
Police Magistrate for the Town of Dunnville 
and adjoining townships in succession to the 
late Dr. S. W. Brown. He is a member of 
the Typographical Union, the Masonic Order, 
Independent Order of Oddfellows, Independ- 
ent Order of Foresters and also of the Orange 
Order. In religion Mr. Hastings is a Meth- 
odist. He married Rose, daughter of Fred- 
erick Shepheard, of Toronto, and is the 
father of two children: Frederick Clarke, 
born April 21, 1896, and Edward George, 
born Oct. 22, 1900. 

Anderson, Frederic William, of Kara- 
loops, B.C., eldest son of the late William 
Anderson, who was Manager of the J. R. 
Booth Lumber Company for a number of 
years, was born at Ottawa, September 28, 
1883. Educated at the Public Schools and 
Collegiate Institute, Ottawa, and McGill 
University, Montreal, from which latter in- 
stitution he graduated in 1906 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering. 
After spending a number of years on large 
construction works in different parts of 
Canada, Mr. Anderson went to Kamloops, 
where he actively engaged in the live stock 
industry and farming, and brought to bear 
upon the existing situation his splendid 



75 



knowledge as a civil engineer, and being a 
keen irrigationist, developed and brought 
under cultivation large areas of land. He 
organized and was President of the Heffley 
Creek Water Users' Association. He was 
elected at the general elections held in 
September, 1914, a member of the Legisla- 
tive Assembly for the Province of British 
Columbia, as a Liberal over the former 
member, Mr. J. Pierson Shaw, by a majority 
of 569; was Deputy Whip, session 1917, and 
elected chief Government Whip Session 1918. 
Mr. Anderson married Marion Claire, 
daughter of George E- Carbould, K.C., ex- 
M.P., New Westminster, B.C., and is the 
father of two children, Francis Marion Car- 
bould and William Patrick. He is a Lieuten- 
ant, Canadian Engineers, C.E.F.; a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church, and of the 
Kamloops Club, University Club, Vancouver 
Kappa Alpha Society, and the Masonic Order. 

de Tremaudan, A. H., Barrister (Win- 
nipeg, Man.), was born at St. Chrysostome, 
Quebec, July 14, 1874. His parents are liv- 
ing at Montmartre, Sask. ; father was a cap- 
tain in the Franco-Prussian war, 1870, and 
is a direct descendant of Sire Beaumanoir, by 
whom he was related to LaFayette, the great 
French soldier, famous in American history. 
Mr. de Tremaudan was educated at the 
Clerical College of Guerande, France, and at 
Rennes University, France, from which he 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of 
Letters. He is a gentleman of fine literary 
attainments, and has made a special study of 
all matters pertaining to the early history of 
Western Canada, and the Hudson Bay route. 
He founded and edited for two years (Dec., 
1911, to Dec., 1913) "The Herald," published 
at The Pas, Manitoba, and is chief editor of 
"La Libre Parole," a French Weekly, pub- 
lished at Winnipeg. Mr. de Tremaudan is 
the author of numerous magazine articles, 
and brochures, which have been favorably 
received, among which may be noted "The 
Hudson Bay Route," "Pourquoi Nous Par- 
Ions Francais," "Les precurseurs." A num- 
ber of addresses are in press under the title 
of " Le Sang Francais." A forthcoming work 
is entitled "The Riel Legend." On Feb. 18, 
1901, Mr. de Tremaudan married Madeleine, 
daughter of the late C. H. Bastien. a stained - 
glass decorative artist, who painted some 
of the priceless windows in the world- 
famous Cathedral of Rheims, France. His 
children, three sons and two daughters, are: 
Jean (1903), Alain (1905), Gilles (1909), 
Andree (1906), and Renee (1910). Mr. de 



Tremaudan is a Roman Catholic in religion 
and a member of "Le Canada" Club of 
Winnipeg. He is a Liberal in politics, has 
travelled extensively, and is widely read and 
well informed on all questions of National 
importance; a man of mature judgment and 
ripe experience. 

Bethune, the Rev. Charles Jas. Stewart, 
M.A., D.C.L., the distinguished subject of 
this sketch, was born at West Flamboro', 
Ontario, on August 11, 1838. He is the third 
son of the Right Rev. Alexander Neil Bethune 
second Bishop of Toronto, and Jane Eliza, 
eldest daughter of the late Hon. James 
Crooks. The Bethune family traces its 
lineage very far back in Scottish and French 
historical records. The first of the name who 
left Normandy for the British Isles came 
to Scotland in the reign of Malcolm the 
Third, a contemporary of William the Con- 
queror, in the eleventh century. The first 
of the family to come to Canada was the 
Rev. John Bethune, a U.E. Loyalist from 
North Carolina, and chaplain to a Highland 
regiment, who settled with his comrades in 
the county of Glengarry, Ontario, towards 
the end of the 18th century. He was the 
father of the late Bishop of Toronto and 
Dean Bethune, of Montreal, and grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch. Young Bethune 
was educated at private schools at Cobourg 
and Upper Canada College, Toronto. After 
leaving the latter institution he entered 
Trinity College, Toronto, and graduated 
therefrom in 1859 with first-class classical 
honors and the B.A. degree. He took 
his M.A. in 1861, and received the honorary 
degree of D.C.L. from his Alma Mater 
in 1883, in recognition of his zealous and 
worthy services at Trinity College School. 
He was ordained deacon in 1861 and priest 
in 1862, by the late Bishop Strachan of 
Toronto. He was curate until 1866, with 
his father, then Rector of Cobourg, 
with the exception of a short period spent 
in England in 1863-64, when he was curate 
at Carlton, near Selby, in Yorkshire. In 
1866 he was appointed to the charge of the 
Credit Mission in the County of Peel, Ont, 
where he was instrumental in building the 
churches at Dixie and Port Credit. In 
September, 1870, he was appointed Head 
Master of Trinity College School at Port 
Hope. From a very small beginning he 
raised up this school to be one of the most 
widely known and successful in the Dominion. 
He had a staff of eight assistant masters, 
about 140 pupils, and large and handsome 



76 



buildings with extensive grounds. He resign- 
ed the headmastership in 1899, and removed 
to London, Ontario, where he remained for 
seven years. During the greater part of that 
period he was curator and librarian of the 
Entomological Society of Ontario. He assist- 
ed in forming the London Horticultural 
Society and was its president for two years. 
Dr. Bethune gave much of his attention 
to scientific pursuits and he is well known in 
the United States and Great Britain, as 
likewise in Canada, as an entomologist. He 
was one of the founders of the Entomological 
Society of Ontario and its Secretary-Treas- 
urer for seven years. He was president of 
the same society from 1870 to 1875, and has 
continued since to be a member of its council. 
He was entomological editor of the "Canada 
Farmer " for nine years, and editor of the 
"Canadian Entomologist" from its inception 
in 1868 to 1873, and from 1887 to 1909, 
when he was elected editor emeritus. He 
has written a large number of papers on 
Practical and Scientific Entomology in these 
and other publications, and contributed 
repeatedly to the annual report on insects 
presented to the Legislature of Ontario. 
He is a Fellow of the American Association 
for the advancement of Science and has 
attended its meetings at various places in 
the United States, is a member of several 
Canadian scientific societies and a corres- 
ponding member of scientific societies in 
New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Buffalo, 
Davenport, Brooklyn, Halifax, and other 
places. He is also a member of the Cor- 
poration of the University of Trinity Col- 
lege. He was Honorary Clerical Secretary 
of the Synod of the Diocese of Toronto from 
1869 to 1871, and has been repeatedly elected 
a representative of the diocese at the meet- 
ings of the Provincial Synod in Montreal. 
He was a delegate from the diocese of Toron- 
to to the general synod of the Church of 
England in Canada at Winnipeg in 1896, 
and was appointed clerical secretary of the 
Lower House in 1902, holding that position 
at the meetings in Montreal and Quebec 
and resigning at the Ottawa meeting in 1908; 
elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada 
in 1892, and became President of Section 4 
in the year 1900; was one of the original 
promoters of the Sisterhood of St. John the 
Divine in Toronto and filled the position of 
Warden for some years. On the first of 
June, 1906, he was appointed Professor of 
Entomology and Zoology at the Ontario 
Agricultural College, Guelph, which position 
he still holds. He assisted in the formation 



of the American Association of Economic 
Entomologists and of the American Entomo- 
logical Society; of the latter he is one of 
the original Fellows. He was elected 
President of the Entomological Society of 
Ontario for its Jubilee year, 1913. He is 
Honorary President of the Wellington Field 
Naturalists' Club, of the Guelph Horticul- 
tural Society and of the Trinity College 
School Cricket Club. Since going to 
Guelph he has published bulletins on insects 
affecting fruit trees and vegetables of which 
several editions have been issued by the 
Department of Agriculture of Ontario. He 
has frequently visited England and travelled 
in the United States and Europe. Dr. 
Bethune has always been a member of the 
Church of England and associated with the 
"High Church" school of thought. He 
married on April 21, 1863, Alice, second 
daughter of Lieut.-Colonel Forlong, K.H., 
of Toronto, late of Her Majesty's 43rd 
Regiment of Light Infantry, and his wife, 
Sophia, daughter of the Hon. Henry John 
Boulton, of Holland House, Toronto. Mrs. 
Bethune died in July, 1898. Dr. Bethune 
has four children living. His eldest son, 
Arthur M. Bethune, is Manager of the Ham- 
ilton Branch of the Dominion Bank, and 
Reginald A. Bethune is an officer in the Civil 
Service at Kamloops, B.C. The two daugh- 
ters are unmarried. An earnest and able 
worker for his church, a learned and deeply 
skilled votary in a wide and important branch 
of science, it has been given to few men whose 
names are written in this volume to accom- 
plish so much and to accomplish it so well. 

Kyte, George William, St. Peters, 
Richmond County, Nova Scotia, son 
of John Kyte, native of Templemore, County 
of Tipperary, Ireland, and Elizabeth Robert- 
son, English parentage, born July 10, 1864, 
at St. Peters. Educated at the public school 
of St. Peters, and at the University of St. 
Francis-Xavier, Antigonish, N.S., from 
which seat of learning he graduated. Studied 
law in the office of Colin F. Mclsaac (for 
several years one of the Transcontinental 
Railway Commissioners, at Antigonish, N.S.), 
and was admitted to the bar Nov. 16, 1891. 
Married, July 5, 1893, to Tena, daughter of 
Valentine and Lydia Chisholm, of Heather- 
ton, N.S. Appointed Clerk-Assistant of the 
Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, in 
Feb., 1892.; re-appointed in 1895, 1898 and 
1901; appointed Chief Clerk, Dec. 3. 1903. 
Resigned this appointment to become a 
candidate for the House of Commons for 



77 



Richmond County at general election of 
1908 and was elected; re-elected at general 
election in 1911. Created a King's Counsel 
by the Government of Nova Scotia, April 16, 
1908. Solicitor for the Municipality of 
Richmond County; school trustee for nine 
years, and is a member of the Board of 
School Commissioners for the County of 
Richmond. A Roman Catholic in religion 
and a Liberal in politics. 

Clark, John Murray, M.A., LL.B., 
K.C., Toronto, Ont. Born at St. Mary's, 
Ont., July 6, 1860, of Scottish descent, his 
parents being James and Isabella Clark. 
Educated at St. Mary's Collegiate Institute, 
Toronto University and Osgoode Hall. His 
career at the University was particularly 
brilliant. He won the prize in Logic awarded 
by the late Professor J. P. Young, the Blake 
Scholarship on Constitutional Law, Econ- 
omics and Jurisprudence, the McMurrich 
Medal in Natural Science and Gold Medal 
in Mathematics and Physics, and the prize 
on Minority Representation, graduating with 
the degree of B.A. in 1882, M.A. 1884, LL.B. 
1891, and being called to the Bar in 1886, 
with honours, and winning the Law Society's 
Gold Medal, since which time he has prac- 
tised in Toronto where he is recognized as 
one of the leaders of the Bar and is head of 
the firm of Clark, McPherson, Campbell & 
Jarvis. Has been retained as Counsel in a 
large number of cases of great magnitude 
and importance, such as the Quaker Case, 
Ontario Express Company, Fisheries Case, 
and the Ophir case, and has frequently 
pleaded before the Privy Council in England. 
Appointed a K.C. in 1889; in early life was 
Mathematical Master of St. Mary's Collegi- 
ate Institute and for several years Examiner 
in Physics, Toronto University, of which he 
was appointed as Senator in 1892. Is also 
Vice-President Toronto University Alumni 
Association. Formerly President Mathe- 
matical and Physics Society and University 
College Literary and Scientific Society. 
Few men in Canada have exhibited more 
scholarly attainments than the subject of 
this sketch, whose versatility in Science, 
Literature, as well as original research has 
been remarkable, and of great benefit. 
Notwithstanding the high place which Mr. 
Clark occupies in the field of letters and the 
wide knowledge he has of science and liter- 
ature, he is widely known on account of 
his great abilities as a lawyer which have 
placed him in the front rank of the legal 



profession in Canada. Many of his cases 
have been of first-class importance and some 
of them of great public interest. Among 
the first in which he won a signal victory was 
that of Borland and Jones, the famous 
Quaker Case from Prince Edward County, 
Ontario. The recent decision of the House 
of Lords, giving the "Wee Frees" the proper- 
ty of the Free Church of Scotland recalls 
the Quaker Case here. Mr. Clark argued 
before the Supreme Court at Ottawa that 
the Church had the right to make changes in 
its Constitution, even though that Consti- 
tution itself did not specifically authorize 
it to do so. The view was adopted by 
the United Free Church lawyers in Edin- 
burgh in the case arising from the union 
of the Free and United Presbyterian Churches 
of Scotland, and the Court of Session, the 
High Court of Justice sustained that view. 
The "Wee Free" (as the Free Church minority 
was commonly called), appealed to the House 
of Lords, and contrary to all expectation, 
won, and obtained possession of the vast 
property of the Church. The situation was 
so tense that a special Act of Parliament was 
passed to adjust conditions. In quite a 
number of constitutional cases reaching 
through the Canadian Courts to the Privy 
Council, Mr. Clark has figured, and invari- 
ably with success. The same is true re- 
garding commercial cases and large mining 
cases in which a long and extended experi- 
ence has given him such a mastery as few 
of his compeers possess. Quite recently 
the "Ophir" mining case, which he brought 
to a successful conclusion, through a tedious 
and tortuous course of litigation, ending 
in the Privy Council, has excited the atten- 
tion of the legal profession and of the public, 
both because it decided the question of the 
Indian title so far as Ontario is concerned, 
and because a similar situation is becoming 
acute in -British Columbia. Mr. Clark has 
made several notable speeches in England 
where he is regarded as an accomplished 
jurist, and few men are so well versed in the 
political and constitutional history of this 
Dominion or more fully seized of its great 
resources. The London "Times" and several 
other prominent English papers a few years 
ago referred in high praise to Mr. Clark's 
speech on "Canada and the Navy" delivered 
before a notable gathering, including Lord 
Strathcona the late High Commissioner for 
Canada. Mr. Clark is one of the foremost 
mathematical authorities in Canada and his 
work has been commended by so high an 
authority as Lord Kelvin, while he is re- 



78 



garded both in this country and in England 
as an authority on Constitutional law. He 
has won distinction as an author, and has 
written several standard works and papers, 
among which may be mentioned "Law of 
Mines in Canada," which was written in 
collaboration with the Hon. W. D. Mc- 
Pherson, Provincial Secretary of Ontario. 
"Company Law," "The Ontario Mining 
Law," "International Arbitration," "Can- 
ada's Future and the Empire," "History 
of the Theory of Energy," and "The Func- 
tions of a great University." Has lectured 
on the "Value of the Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council," "Canada and the 
Navy," etc. The work on Mining Law 
referred to is recognized as an authority on 
the subject dealt with, and has been highly 
praised by the Harvard Law Review of the 
Law Magazine of England as well as by the 
Canadian Press. The "Mining Journal" stated 
that "the book had the impress of clear and 
legal learning," and the work has also been 
described as a monument of research, care 
and industry." Recently Mr. Clark has 
been elected President of the Royal Canadian 
Institute, founded by Sir John Lefroy (whose 
grandson, Lieut. Lefroy, gallantly fell on 
Vimy Ridge). In referring to the new 
President's appointment The "Mail and 
Empire" said: "Mr. Clark well represents 
the best that we have in character, intellect, 
scholarship and public spirit. A distinguish- 
ed graduate of Toronto University, the new 
President, far from leaving the avenues of 
learning, as some do when they graduate, 
has ever increased his stores, and has success- 
fully striven not only to broaden and deepen 
his knowledge, but to devote it to the service 
of his fellow-men, as witness Mr. Clark's 
strong and convincing advocacy of the Can- 
adian Government availing itself of the great 
scientific attainments and progressive schol- 
arship of men like Professors Macallum and 
McLennan. For many years one of the 
foremost advocates in Canada of that great 
constitutional change in Imperial relations 
which is to-day being forged on the anvil of 
war, Mr. Clark has been a powerful and 
sagacious leader in that movement on this 
side of the water. In the prosecution of 
that enterprise he has deservedly won the 
regard and friendship of some of the leading 
scholars and statesmen of our Empire." The 
"Globe," in the course of a favorable review, 
said that his Presidential Address on "The 
Reign of Law," "will appeal to thoughtful 
readers as a scholarly contribution to a sub- 
ject which derives fresh interest from the 



war." Mr. Clark has given considerable study 
to the question of our gold supply which has 
proved a potent factor in the financing of 
the great war, and will be even a more impor- 
tant factor in the reconstruction period after 
the war according to the viewpoint of Mr. 
Clark, who takes the position that the 
increase in the production of gold be encour- 
aged in every practical way. Politically, 
Mr. Clark has always been a member of the 
Liberal Party, and was formerly President 
of the Young Men's Liberal Club of Toronto, 
but, in the Federal general elections of 1917 
he supported the Union Government. He 
favors Canada remaining an integral portion 
of the British Empire, the utmost practicable 
extension of the principle of free trade, and 
the development of a vigorous Canadian 
National Sentiment. Married first Greta 
Helen Gordon, daughter of Rev. D. Gordon, 
and sister of " Ralph Connor," 1890 (deceased 
1894); second, Annie Macleod Anderson, 
daughter of late W. N. Anderson, Toronto, 
1899 (deceased, 1910); third, Caroline 
Chaplin, daughter of late William Chaplin, 
St. Catharines; has three daughters, i.e., 
Mary Gordon (now Mrs. W. A. Riddell), 
Margaret Macleod, and Katie H. Burn. Is 
a member of the following clubs: Toronto, 
Ontario, British Empire (London), Engineers' 
Club (Toronto), and belongs to A.F. & A.M. 
(Scottish Rite, Zetland). A Presbyterian in 
religion. Recreation, golf. 

Flint, Thomas Barnard, M.A., LL.B., 
D.C.L., Ottawa, Ont., ex-clerk of the 
House of Commons, was born in Yar- 
mouth, Nova Scotia, April 28, 1847, 
and was educated at Yarmouth and 
Mt. Allison University, Sackville, New 
Brunswick. He received his B.A. in 1867; 
his M.A. in 1872; also LL.B. of Harvard 
University, 1871. He was called to the 
Bar in 1872; was appointed a commis- 
sioner of the Supreme and County Courts in 
1873; was Sheriff of Yarmouth County from 
1883 to 1887, and Assistant Clerk of the 
Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1887 
to 1891. In 1891 he was elected to the 
House of Commons and was re-elected at the 
elections of 1896 and 1900. He was appoint- 
ed Clerk of the House of Commons, Nov. 11, 
1902, and retired from that position at the 
beginning of session of 1918, owing to failing 
eyesight. In 1903 he received the honorary 
degree of Doctor of Civil Law. He edited the 
3rd and 4th editions of Bourinot Parliamentary 
Procedure. In 1874 he was married to Mary 
Ella Dane, a daughter of the late Thomas B. 



79 



Dane, who for many years was an influential 
citizen of Yarmouth. Personally, Dr. Flint, 
an honorable man, with high ideals of the 
amenities of public life, liberally educated, 
and endowed with cultivated taste, entirely 
without prejudice of race or religion, well 
posted on public affairs, an efficient, unassum- 
ing, practical man, commanded the respect 
of Liberals and Conservatives alike, both as 
a member of the House of Commons and as 
clerk. Dr. Flint at one time was Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Dominion Prohibition Alliance, 
and was one of the founders, and for many 
years vice-president of the Yarmouth Build- 
ing and Loan Society, a most successful local 
business. After he was admitted to the Bar 
he rapidly became one of its leaders in his 
district. As a member of the House of 
Commons Dr. Flint was Chairman of Stand- 
ing Orders from 1898 to 1902. During the 
Session of 1894-5 he moved resolutions in the 
House of Commons in favor of prohibition. 
In 1907 he was elected President of the Ot- 
tawa Literary and Scientific Society. As a 
speaker, Dr. Flint proved to be a leading 
debater, forceful and pleasing in manner, ever 
giving evidence as an authority on every 
question which he took up. He is of New 
England ancestry, and the son of the late 
John Flint, ship owner, and Anne (Barnard) 
Flint. He is an Anglican in religion and a 
Liberal in politics. From 1897 to 1899 he 
was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Masons, of Nova Scotia. Upon his retire- 
ment from the Clerkship of the House of 
Commons Dr. Flint was by resolution of the 
House made an honorary official of the House 
and granted an annuity in recognition of his 
public services. He now resides in Yar- 
mouth, Nova Scotia. 

Chrysler, Francis Henry, K.C. (Ottawa), 
is a son of the late Gordon Harvey Chrysler 
and Jane Chrysler, daughter of Captain 
James Mackenzie, R.N., who was on ser- 
vice on Lake Ontario under Commodore 
James Yee, R.N., during the war of 1812. 
He is a grandson of Colonel John Chrysler, 
of Chrysler's Farm, for sixteen years mem- 
ber for Dundas in the Parliament of U.C. 
He was born in Kingston, Ont., educated 
at Bath Academy and Queen's Univer- 
sity, Kingston. Married in 1876 to 
Margaret Isabella, daughter of Donald 
A. Grant, of Ottawa. He became a bar- 
rister in 1872; K.C., 1890; has practised 
continuously in Ottawa and is one of the 
leaders of the Bar of Canada, and 
one of the life Benchers of the Law 



Society for the Province of Ontario. 
He is Counsel for many railways and 
other corporations. Has declined ap- 
pointment to the Canadian Bench. 
He acted as Counsel for the Dominion 
Iron and Steel Company in their action 
against the Dominion Government to recover 
bounties for the manufacture of liquid pig 
iron; for the Government of Canada in 
drafting and settling the contracts and legis- 
lation for the construction of the National 
Transcontinental Railway; for the Grand 
Trunk Pacific Railway Company in drafting 
and settling their mortgagees upon which 
securities were issued for the construction of 
the railway from Winnipeg to Prince Rupert; 
for all the railway companies of Canada in 
framing and settling The Railway Act of 1903, 
under which the Railway Commission was 
appointed; for various railway companies, 
principally the Canadian Pacific Railway, in 
the general enquiry before the Railway Com- 
mission into railway rates in Canada; for the 
Dominion Express Company in the general 
enquiry into express tolls and contracts; for 
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company upon 
the general enquiry into telegraph tolls and 
contracts; for the Special Committee of the 
House of Commons appointed to enquire into 
the question of telephone rates and systems, 
and for the Railway Companies of Canada as 
Counsel before the general committee ap- 
pointed by the House of Commons in the 
Session of 1917, to revise and consolidate the 
Railway Act and Amending Acts. He has 
had an extensive experience and practice as 
a Parliamentary Counsel, before the Railway 
Commission and in the Supreme Court. His 
clubs are: The Rideau, Country and Royal 
Ottawa Golf, Ottawa; Metis Golf Club, 
Little Metis, Que. His address is 87 Cath- 
arine Street, Ottawa. Mr. Chrysler has four 
children, two sons and two daughters. The 
elder son, Geoffrey Gordon, was for some 
years in the Royal Canadian Regiment of 
Infantry, retiring in 1912, with the rank of 
Captain. He enlisted for service in the war 
with Germany, going with the first contingent 
as a Captain in the Second Battalion of In- 
fantry, of which he is now a Major. He has 
been three times severely wounded and has 
received the Military Cross for conspicuous 
valor. The younger son, Philip Harvey, 
qualified as a Lieutenant of Artillery and 
served in France in the 3rd Divisional Am- 
munition Column from 1915 until October, 
1917, when he was discharged as being phy- 
sically unfit for further service. Mr. 
Chrysler's elder daughter, Margaret Gordon, 



80 




HON. WILFRID GARIEPY 
Edmonton 



Mrs. Frederick H. Emra, is married to a civil 
engineer, who is now a Captain, first in the 
Second Pioneers and afterwards in the En- 
gineers, and has been wounded in France. 
He is now doing engineering work for the 
Royal Navy. His younger daughter, 
Constance Harvey, is married to Dr. Er- 
nest W. MacBride, LL.D., F.R.S., form- 
erly Professor of Biology in McGill University 
and now Professor of Biology in the Royal 
College of Science, South Kensington, Lon- 
don, England, where Professor and Mrs. 
MacBride with two young sons reside. Mr. 
Chrysler is by temperament a student and 
has never occupied any public office; a 
prominent member of St. Andrew's Church, 
Ottawa, of which congregation he is an officer. 
A lover of music, having been for many years 
an active member and President of the 
Orchestral Society; a keen golfer, golf being 
his principal recreation. Although for many 
years a leading member of the Liberal Party, 
he is at present a strong advocate of the 
policy of carrying on the war by means of a 
united Canadian party. 

Aikins, Lt.-Col. Sir James Albert 
Manning, Kt., M.A., K.C., Lieutenant- 
Governor of Manitoba, was born in Peel 
County, Ont., December 10, 1851, the son 
of Honorable James Cox Aikins, who 
was appointed a Senator at Confederation, 
and, on December 9, 1869, Secretary of 
State and Registrar General in Sir John 
A. Macdonald's administration, and after- 
wards Minister of Inland Revenue, and later 
in 1882, appointed Lieutenant-Go vernor of 
the Province of Manitoba, and of the Dis- 
trict of Keewatin, and upon the expiration 
of his term of office, a second time called to 
the Senate of Canada in 1896, and his wife 
Mary Elizabeth Somerset. Educated at 
Brampton High School, Upper Canada 
College and Toronto University (B.A., 
1875, M.A., 1877), M.A. Ad eundem, Man- 
itoba University, studied law in the office of 
Matthew Crooks Cameron and also Mowat, 
Maclennan and Downey, admitted to the 
Bar of Ontario, 1878, and to the Bar of 
Manitoba, 1879, in which year he went to 
Winnipeg, where he soon established himself 
as one of the leaders of the profession in the 
Province and few members of the Western 
Bar have held more responsible solicitorships. 
Sir James was solicitor and counsel for the 
Canadian Pacific Railway throughout the 
western division since its organization 
until he withdrew in 1911, to contest the 
constituency of Brandon in the House 



of Commons, for which he was returned 
by a large majority, retaining the seat 
until the general elections in 1917, when 
he was succeeded by Dr. H. P. Whidden 
(Conservative-Unionist). He was also coun- 
sel for the Dominion Express Co., Imperial 
Bank, Bank of Ottawa, Canadian Fire 
Insurance Co., Great West Life Assurance 
Co., Canada Permanent and Western Canada 
Land Co., Manitoba Northwest Land Co., 
Scottish American Investment Co. He 
is a director of the Northern Trusts Co., 
the Canada Fire Insurance Co., and nu- 
merous other financial corporations. From 
1879 to 1896 he acted as counsel for the 
Department of Justice, and, in 1880, he 
was appointed by the Dominion Govern- 
ment one of the Royal Commissioners 
to investigate and report on the admin- 
istration of Justice in the North- West Ter- 
ritories; was chief counsel for the Pro- 
vince of Manitoba during the administration 
of Hugh John Macdonald, drafting the 
Manitoba Liquor Bill, which, on appeal 
was sustained by the Privy Council in Eng- 
land and decided to be constitutional, 
and has been a model for similar legislation 
in other Provinces. Appointed K.C. in 
1884, and created Knight Bachelor in June, 
1914, Sir James Aikins is the senior of the 
Manitoba Bar and President of the Canadian 
Bar Association, President of the Conference 
of Commissioners on Uniformity of Law. 
Aug., 1916, appointed Lieutenant-Governor 
of Manitoba. Was elected bencher of the 
Law Society of Manitoba in 1886, and has 
filled a large number of other prominent 
positions and offices, i.e., President of 
Y.M.C.A.; The Canadian Club; Chairman, 
Wesley College, Manitoba; Honorary Bur- 
sar, Manitoba University; President Law 
Society of Manitoba. In June, 1912, was 
appointed to represent Canada at the second 
International Moral Education Congress, 
held at The Hague from August 22 to 27 
of that year. A director of the Manitoba 
Agricultural College, Sir James takes great 
interest in all educational matters. Present- 
ed silver cup to Manitoba Mounted Rifles 
for general efficiency 1907; appointed Hon- 
orary Lieut.-Colonel 90th Regiment, Win- 
nipeg Rifles December, 1910; is also Col. 
(Honorary) of the 99th Regiment, Brandon. 
A Methodist in religion, the subject of this 
sketch has always displayed much interest 
in the affairs of his church; was a member of 
the 20th Century Thanksgiving Fund, and 
of the Methodist Church Union Committee, 
and in 1896 carried a resolution in Grace 



81 



Methodist Church, Winnipeg, heartily favor- 
ing organic union of Presbyterian, Congre- 
gational, and Methodist Churches of Canada. 
Sir James has been twice married (first) to 
Mary B. McLellan, in 1884, (second) to Mary 
F. Colby, in 1889, and has three children, 
Gordon Harold Aikins, Barrister-at-Law, 
married to Myrtle Clint; Mary Helena 
Alberta Aikins; Elizabeth Grace Colby 
Aikins. Sir James has always taken 
a very prominent part in the affairs 
of the Dominion and that the success which 
has come to him early in life has been the 
reward of merit is generally admitted. He 
is a strong platform speaker, a brilliant 
advocate and sound lawyer, and at critical 
periods in the country's history has shown 
much dominant force as a political factor. 
Sir James is extremely popular with the 
members of his profession with whom he 
has a Dominion-wide acquaintance, and 
has received every honor at the hands of 
his fellow-practitioners. He is a member of 
the following clubs: Manitoba, St. Charles 
Country, Adanac, of Winnipeg, Rideau Club 
of Ottawa, and Brandon Club, Brandon, 
Manitoba, and head of the following law 
firms: Aikins, Loftus, Aikins and Fisher, 
and Aikins, Loftus, Aikins, Bell and Bridg- 
man, of Winnipeg. 

Pope, Major William Walter, is of 

United Empire Loyalist descent, was born 
in the County of Compton, in the Province 
of Quebec, in 1854, and educated there. 
Entered the service of the Boston, Clinton 
and Fitchburgh Railway, Boston, Mass., 
when a young man, and later he went to 
Belleville, Ontario, where he studied law. 
Was assistant to the late John Bell, K.C., 
Solicitor for the Grand Trunk Railway, 
1881 to 1904, when he was transferred to 
Montreal as assistant to W. H. Biggar, 
K.C.; while at Belleville was alderman for 
two years, also Major with the 15th 
Regiment, retiring retaining rank in 1909, 
holds long service decoration, also medal 
with one clasp for the Fenian Raid, 1866. 
Since September, 1909, has been Solicitor 
and Secretary of the Hydro-Electric Com- 
mission of Ontario, and is recognized as a 
man of great practical ability. His present 
address is 117 Bedford Road, Toronto. 
The Hon. John Henry Pope, late Minister 
of Railways, was an uncle. Mr. Pope 
married, October 20, 1875, a daughter of 
Stephen White, Belleville, manufacturer, and 
has one son, W. W. Macaulay Pope. He is a 
member of the Victoria, Royal Canadian 



Yacht Club, Canadian Empire and United 
Empire Loyalist Clubs, Canadian Military 
Institute, Albany, and the Masonic Order, 
also a member of the Anglican Church 
and a Conservative. His principal recrea- 
tions are golfing, bowling, and curling. 

Pratt, Edward Courtney (Montreal, 
Que.), General Manager of The Molsons 
Bank, is the son of George Henry Pratt, of 
Monteath, Ireland. He was born in Ireland, 
on October 22, 1864, and educated in Dublin. 
On October 16, 1889, he married Edith 
Augusta White, the daughter of Wm. J. 
White, K.C., of St. Thomas, Ont., and has 
six children. Is a member of the Mount 
Royal, Montreal and Beaconsfield Clubs, and 
a member of the Anglican Church. 

Riddell, Hon. William Renwick (To- 
ronto, Ont.), Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Ontario, descended from the 
family of "Riddell of that Ilk," a son of 
the late Walter and Mary Renwick Riddell; 
born in Township of Hamilton, County of 
Northumberland, April 6, 1852. Educated 
Cobourg Collegiate Institute and Victoria 
University; B.A. (1874), Prizeman in Chem- 
istry and Mathematics, B.Sc. (1876), 
LL.B. (1878), L.H.D. (Syracuse University), 
J.U.D. (Trinity University, Hartford), LL.D. 
University of Toronto, McMaster, Lafayette, 
Northwestern, Wesleyan, Rochester and 
Yale Universities; graduated at Law 
School, Osgoode Hall. (Gold Medal and 
first in all examinations); called to the bar 
1883, elected Bencher Law Society of Upper 
Canada 1891, re-elected until 1906, created a 
King's Counsel 1904. Successfully practised 
at Cobourg and Toronto, and on removal to 
Ontario's capital, enjoyed large counsel prac- 
tice, civil and criminal; was retained during 
Toronto Municipal Investigation in 1904. 
Before taking up the study of the law was 
Mathematical Master of the Normal School, 
Ottawa, and afterwards Chairman of the 
Cobourg Collegiate Institute; President, 
Educational Society, Eastern Ont.; Pres., 
Alumni Association Victoria University, and 
member of the Board of Regents. Senator 
of Toronto University; a Governor, Western 
Hospital, Toronto. In October, 1906, the 
subject of this sketch was appointed one of 
the Judges of His Majesty's Supreme Court 
for the Province of Ontario, (the last to be 
appointed to the King's Bench Division), 
a position which he has since occupied 
with great distinction. His judgments 
are models of beautiful diction, in which 



the exposition of the law is clear and 
illuminating, while his grasp of the 
facts makes for that clarity of deduction 
which always characterizes his Lordship's 
deliverances. Mr. Justice Riddell has been 
a generous contributor to various American 
and Canadian magazines and law journals, 
and the author of "The Canadian and Ameri- 
can Constitutions." As a lecturer he is 
recognized as possessing high gifts; his ripe 
erudition and polished style making his 
addresses of more than passing interest. 
During the past few years.among the addresses 
delivered and magazine articles contributed by 
His Lordship may be mentioned : The Dodge 
Lectures, Yale University; Robert Fleming 
Gourlay; La Rochefoucauld's Travels in Can- 
ada, 1795} The First Judge at Detroit and 
His Court. Since the outbreak of the war Mr. 
Justice Riddell has taken a deep interest in 
recruiting and everything tending to forward 
the cause of the Allies and has given very 
largely of his time and great ability, presiding 
at many meetings and speaking at others in 
the interest of recruiting. A member of the 
Toronto, York, and Rosedale Golf Clubs. Mr. 
Justice Riddell finds recreation in the study 
of Canadian History, upon which he is an 
authority. He is Honorary Member of the 
Bar Associations of the States of Georgia, 
Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Wiscon- 
sin and New York, and of the Lawyers' 
Clubs of Buffalo and New York; he is also 
a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and 
of the Royal Historical Society. He 
is a Freemason, a Presbyterian, and was 
formerly a Liberal. Married, March 
5, 1884, Anna Hester Kirsop Crossen, young- 
est daughter of the late James Crossen and 
Margaret Hay den Crossen, of "Cedar 
Hedge," Cobourg. 

Paisley, Jas. K., Ottawa. One of the best 
known and highly respected citizens in the 
Capital of the Dominion and in many other 
parts of Canada, both east and west, is the 
subject of this sketch. Following in his 
father's footsteps, who owned and success- 
fully ran a popular hotel in Orangeville, at 
an early age he became, and for years re- 
mained, cashier of the well known hostelry 
the Walker House, Toronto. His exper- 
iences in that popular public resort and his 
popularity prompted aspirations and ambi- 
tions which caused him to launch out in 
enterprises of his own, and he soon be- 
came proprietor of several of the best 
hotels in the principal cities and summer 
resorts in Canada. In 1902 he was one of 



the owners of the New Royal in Hamilton 
where business success and increased patron- 
age prompted the owners to remodel it in 
1907. He took management of the Pene- 
tanguishene Hotel at Penetang and made it 
one of the attractive features of the place. 
He reached out and got management of 
the Sans Souci at Moon River, the Belvidere 
in Parry Sound, the Iroquois Hotel in To- 
ronto, the Victoria Hotel at Aylmer, Quebec, 
the Grand Union, Ottawa, and, with the 
late Daniel O'Connor, built the Temagami 
Inn at Temagami, Ontario. In each and 
all these ventures success and popularity 
followed in his train and created for him 
unstinted fame as an enterprising, pro- 
gressive and popular hotel proprietor and 
manager. And while so actively engaged in 
the hotel business Mr. Paisley, being an 
enthusiastic lover of the horse, found time 
to give to that noble animal the most as- 
siduous care and attention, and much of 
his time for years was devoted to the pur- 
chase, the raising, and the training of some 
of the finest saddle, harness and trotting 
steeds to be found in any part of Canada. 
They established, for their owner, on many 
a race track and at many a horse show 
enviable records. His Sealskin Joe was one 
of those that won distinction on the Winnipeg 
racecourse many years ago. Later his saddle 
horse, Jardie, was accorded the admiration of 
all. Shortly after his arrival in Ottawa, where 
he first established himself as proprietor of 
the Grand Union Hotel, he became inter- 
ested in such affairs public, charitable, 
patriotic and social as had for their goal 
the prosperity of the city and the happiness 
and betterment of its people, and his many 
years activity in these lines are well marked 
in the memory of thousands. Mr. Paisley, 
never allowing his enthusiasm for the 
horse to die, took a keen interest in, 
and became one of the original members of, 
the Ottawa Hunt Club; was Treasurer of the 
Horse Show while it exhibited here; became 
Chairman of the Construction Committee 
that built the Connaught Park Jockey Club 
Track, and is now a director and one 
of the Management Committee of the 
Connaught Park Jockey Club. For years 
Mr. Paisley has been a Director of 
the Central Canada Exhibition Associa- 
tion, and held the office of Vice-President, 
and for a considerable time was Chairman 
of the Special Attraction Committee. In 
1915, owing to the resignation of Mr. 
Edward McMahon, who had held the posi- 
tion of Manager and Secretary of the Central 



83 



Canada Exhibition Association for over 
twenty years, and to replace whose efficient 
management the Association had to select 
a competent and reliable successor, Mr. 
James K. Paisley was chosen, with the 
result that up to date the fair has been an 
increased success financially and in attend- 
ance. In his management of the Exhibi- 
tion's affairs he carries with him a geniality 
and a business acumen that attracts, estab- 
lishes confidence, and produces good results. 
When the Great War broke out, Mr. Paisley's 
son, familiarly known as "Pep" Paisley, who 
had graduated from McGill as an architect, 
enlisted with A. Battery, R.C.H.A., as a 
gunner and was soon, owing to meritorious 
conduct at the front, promoted to a Lieu- 
tenancy. His valor and good work at the 
firing line received much praise from his super- 
ior officers. Mr. James K. Paisley is the son of 
John Paisley and Mrs. M. J. Kenniston of 
Orangeville,Ontario. He was born in 1858 and 
was educated in Orangeville High School 
and Rockwood Academy. In 1888 he mar- 
ried Minnie Bairdsall Harris, daughter of the 
late Isaac Harris. He has one son and two 
daughters. His recreations are sports of any 
kind. He is an active member of the Elks, 
the Knights of Pythias, and the Foresters, 
and an executive member of the Hotelmen's 
Mutual Benefit Association of America and 
Canada, Ex-President of the Ontario Hotel 
Keepers' Association, and Ex-President of 
the Ottawa Hotelmen's Association. In 
religion he is a Protestant, English Church. 
In politics a Conservative, and his address 
is Kenniston Apartments, Elgin Street, Ot- 
awa, Ontario, Canada. 

Cowan, William Frederick, The Late, 

who died on October 28, 1918, at his home in 
Oshawa, Ont., was long one of the noted 
industrial and financial leaders of Ontario. 
He was born in 1832, at Fintona, County 
Tyrone, Ireland, the son of Thomas and 
Charlotte Cowan. In 1841, his parents hav- 
ing decided to remove to Canada, he made 
with them the long sailing and overland voy- 
age to Toronto, the journey occupying some 
months. Shortly after the family's arrival 
the father died and the mother of the subject 
of this sketch was left with five young chil- 
dren. She managed, however, to give her 
boys a good education at Boyd's Academy, 
Bay St., Toronto (conducted by the father of 
the late Chancellor Sir John Boyd) and one 
of the pioneer educational institutions of To- 
ronto. On leaving school, W. F. Cowan first 
found employment with "The Colonist," a 



newspaper founded by Sir Francis Hincks, 
an eminent statesman of the mid-nineteenth 
century. Subsequently he entered the em- 
ploy of Alexander Laurie & Co., dry goods 
merchants, at the south-west corner of King 
and Yonge Sts., Toronto. Later he served 
with Walter McFarland & Co., dry goods 
merchants, on Market Square, King St. East, 
Toronto, then the heart of the retail district. 
In 1856 he and his brother John founded a 
dry goods business of their own, at the south- 
west corner of Yonge and Richmond Sts., 
Toronto. In 1862 he removed to Oshawa, 
establishing a large general store, and with 
a branch at Prince Albert some twenty miles 
north of the town. A few years later he 
acquired an interest in the A. S. Whiting 
Mfg. Co. of Cedar Dale, manufacturers of 
scythes, forks, hoes, etc., the firm becoming 
Messrs. Whiting & Cowan. Largely through 
Mr. Cowan's modern methods of business or- 
ganization, the wares of this firm became known 
throughout America, and Mr. Cowan was 
also successful in developing a large market 
for them in Great Britain. In 1872, in con- 
junction with Messrs. Wood & Winterbourne, 
of Albany, N.Y., he founded the Ontario 
Malleable Iron Co., of which Mr. D. S. Wood 
was the first president, and on his death was 
succeeded by Mr. Cowan's elder brother 
John. On the latter's death Mr. W. F. 
Cowan succeeded to the Presidency. He 
had been a director of the company since its 
inception. He was largely instrumental in 
making Oshawa one of the leading industrial 
centres of the province. In 1893 he established 
Fittings, Ltd., of Oshawa, of which he was also 
President at the time of his death. Altogether 
his interests furnished steady employment to 
about 1,000 citizens of the town, of which he 
was recognized as the industrial leader. Mr. 
Cowan's financial interests were even more 
widely extended. In 1875 he became Vice- 
President of the newly formed Standard Bank 
of Canada, and in 1883, on the death of the 
President, the well-known capitalist, Hon. T. 
N. Gibbs, succeeded to that office, in which 
he continued until his demise, making weekly 
journeys to Toronto to attend meetings of 
the board until within a few days of his death. 
In 1886, in company with Mr. T. H. McMil- 
lan, he also established the Western Bank of 
Canada, which, after twenty-six years of 
active life, was amalgamated with the Stand- 
ard Bank in 1912. Though often pressed to 
enter Federal and Provincial politics, he con- 
tented himself solely with municipal service 
and held the post of Reeve of Oshawa, and 
of Mayor, after its incorporation as a town, 




L. MACKENZIE KING, C.M.G. 
Ottawa 



for some years. He was a steadfast ad- 
herent of the Anglican Church in religion, 
and a Conservative in politics. In 1864 
he married Susan, daughter of the late John 
Groves, a well-known citizen of Toronto. 
On his death he left one son, Mr. Frederick 
W. Cowan, of Oshawa, who succeeds to his 
interests, and one grandson, Major R. C. 
Cowan, who has been overseas for the past 
three years. 

Reid, Frank, Barrister and Solicitor 
(Simcoe, Ont.), was born at Vittoria, Norfolk 
County, February 22, 1862, the son of the 
late Archibald Reid, a cabinet maker, and 
Elspit Shand. He was educated at the 
Vittoria Public School, Simcoe High School 
and Osgoode Hall. He married Katherine 
C. Ferguson, September 17, 1890, the daugh- 
ter of the late Alexander Ferguson, railway 
agent, of Simcoe, and has one son, 
Francis Macdonald Reid. In politics he is 
a Conservative, is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and a Mason. 
Mr. Reid is Town Treasurer of Simcoe, a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, and 
takes a great interest in golf as a pastime. 

Minehan, Rev. Lancelot (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born in Killaloe, County Clare, Ireland, 
son of Michael Minehan and Hanna Skehan. 
He was educated at All Hallows' College, 
Dublin, came to Canada in 1884, and was 
ordained at Montreal. Served as Assistant 
Priest at Thornhill, House of Providence, 
Adjala, St. Helen's, St. Mary's, St. Paul's, 
St. Michael's, Toronto. Was Chaplain for 
two and a half years at Penetanguishene, 
transferred to Toronto, and appointed R.C. 
Chaplain of the Central Prison, Mercer Re- 
formatory and Toronto Asylum; later, was 
pastor at Schomberg, Ont., where he spent 
three and a half years, following which he 
was first parish Priest of St. Peter's Toronto, 
where he built a splendid new church and 
where he ministered for over eighteen years; 
he is now parish priest of St. Vincent's 
Church, on Roncesvalles Avenue, Toronto, 
which will be one of the finest edifices in To- 
ronto diocese. For twelve or more years Rev. 
Father Minehan has been connected with 
"The Catholic Register," and has been iden- 
tified with various organizations for the 
promotion of temperance, social welfare 
and the moral uplift of the city. He is 
Vice-President of the Ontario Branch of the 
Dominion Temperance Alliance and Vice- 
President of the Moral and Social Reform 
League. Father Minehan is as famous for 



his gifts as a pulpit orator as for his eloquence 
as a platform speaker. His magnetic per- 
sonality, frankness and loyalty have given 
him an assured place in the esteem of all 
classes. He is a man of indefatigable energy, 
opposed to intolerance and bigotry, with a 
mind fixed on the promotion of the highest 
ideals in all walks of life. He is a frequent 
contributor to the press, and is a writer of 
force and choice diction. His reverence 
favors a Canadian Navy and the develop- 
ment of a policy of protection under the 
British Flag. He exercises a wide influence 
both as a clergyman and a private citizen, 
and at his Silver Jubilee, in 1909, was pre- 
sented with many proofs of his personal 
worth, and great popularity. Of him it has 
been said that he is "truly Catholic in spirit 
and in service and charity." 

L'Esperance, Hon, David Ovide (Quebec 
City), Member of the Senate and Chair- 
man of the Harbor Commission of Quebec, 
was born in the thriving town of Montmagny, 
in the County of Montmagny, in the Province 
of Quebec. He is the son of Edouard L'Esper- 
ance, his mother's maiden name having been 
Morin. His career as a business man, 
banker and broker, has been a successful one, 
his connection with sundry influential ex- 
ploiting firms having given him an influence 
in public circles which has been enhanced by 
his acumen as a parliamentarian. He has 
been for years a Director of the Quebec Rail- 
way Light, Heat and Power Co., a Director 
and President of the Quebec Exposition 
Board, President of the Grande Alice Apart- 
ments Company, and President of L'Evene- 
ment Publishing Company. He is President 
of the Amable Belanger, Ltd., Manufacturing 
Co., Montmagny, and of the General Car & 
Machinery Works of the same place. 
His prominence as a successful business 
man and his influence as a public-spirited 
citizen, did not fail to bring him into touch 
with the political circles of the Conservative 
Party; and in the year 1911 he was elected 
a Member of the .Federal Parliament for 
Montmagny. While a member of the House 
of Commons, his influence as a deliberate 
speaker and his industry as a member 
of committees were acknowledged by all 
associated with him in parliamentary work; 
and, when the vacancy occurred on the 
Harbor Commission of Quebec, on the 
withdrawal of Sir William Price, he was 
selected to succeed the latter as Chair- 
man of that Board. In July, 1917, he 
was called to the Senate. His efforts to im- 



80 



prove the harbor facilities of- the port of 
Quebec have been appreciated and seconded 
by the Federal Government and his associates 
in office, with due recognition of his public 
spirit and energy by his fellow-citizens and 
the country at large. In 1888, he married 
Miss Clara Dionne, of Ste. Anne de la Poca- 
tiere, of the Province of Quebec. Their 
family residence is on Ste. Genevieve Avenue, 
and their summer residence at Perce, Co. of 
Gaspe. Mr. L'Esperance has won for himself a 
prominence in all the movements that have 
had for their purpose the advancement of the 
city in which he has his home. He is a loyal 
Quebecer. As a Conservative, he has won 
an influential place in his party. And as a 
philanthropist he has won the good opinion 
of his fellow-men and co-workers. 

O'Reilly, His Honor James Redmond, 

is the eldest son of the late James O'Reilly, 
Q.C., M.P., and Mary Jane (Redmond), 
born at Kingston, Ontario, February 14, 
1862, and educated at Regiopolis College, 
Kingston, Collegiate Institute, Kingston, 
St. Mary's (Jesuit) College, Montreal, and 
Queen's University, Kingston, from which 
latter institution he graduated with the 
degree of B.A., and Gold Medal in Political 
Economy in 1882. Called to the Bar, May, 
1885. Created a K.C., 1899, successfully 
practised his profession at Prescott for 
several years until his appointment as Senior 
County Judge for Stormont, Dundas and 
Glengarry, in March, 1900. His Honor was 
formerly a Liberal. President of the South 
Grenville Liberal Association for 13 years. 
Married December 31, 1889, Rose Mary, 
fourth daughter of the late James Berming- 
ham, and is the father of two children: 
James, bora November 16, 1891, and Wm. 
H., born December 26, 1896. In religion the 
Judge is Roman Catholic. He resides at 
Cornwall, Ont., and is a member of the 
Cornwall Club. In earlier years Judge 
O'Reilly had some military experience, being 
Bombardier in Wellington Field Battery. 

Keefe, R. Daniel (Penetanguishene, Ont.), 
Principal of the High School of that town; 
was born at Iroquois, Ont., June 10, 1877, 
and is the son of Patrick Keefe, a native of 
Cork, Ireland, who came to this country 
when a child and later settled on the St. 
Lawrence in the Town of Iroquois and be- 
came a builder and contractor, erecting a 
large planing mill, installed an electric light 
plant for the Town and bought the water- 
works system which was afterwards sold to 



the municipality. Principal Keefe's mother 
was of United Empire Loyalist descent. He 
was educated at the Iroquois High School, 
McGill University, Montreal, and the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, and the School of Pedagogy, 
Hamilton. Graduated in 1901 with the de- 
gree of B.A., Toronto University. On 
graduating, taught successively in the High 
Schools of Port Elgin, Colborne and Ganan- 
oque, and was then appointed Principal of 
the Penetanguishene High School, where he 
has been for over twelve years teaching Science 
and Classics. Principal Keefe has the repu- 
tation of being one of the best after-dinner 
speakers in Northern Ontario. Besides the 
father, one brother, W. S. Keefe, a School of 
Science graduate in Electrical Engineering, 
survives. Principal Keefe has been an 
active member of the Carnegie Library 
Board, having acted as Secretary and Chair- 
man of the Buying Committee for several 
years. Is President also of the Penetangui- 
shene Hospital. Married in 1905 to 
Ethel Madeline, daughter of Norval Man- 
ning, of Toronto, and is the father of two 
children, Beverley Hartle, bora 1913, and 
Wilbur Neville, born 1916. He is a member 
of the Masonic order, being Past Master of 
Georgian Lodge, No. 348, and Past Z. of 
Kichikiewana Chapter No. 67, Midland; 
P.G.S. of the Grand Lodge of Canada. Is 
keenly interested in all manner of sports and 
prominent in Association football, hockey 
and curling. Has played football in the 
Champion team of Eastern Ontario and the 
Champions of Hamilton District League, 
winning the Spectator Cup. Has managed 
several hockey teams and is a Past President 
and Past Secretary-Treasurer of the Pene- 
tanguishene Curling Club, and has been one 
of the District Tankard Skips for the past 
four years. In religion, Mr. Keefe is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, and politically, 
a Liberal. 

MacLean, Archie, R.R. No. 4, Paisley, 
Ont., was born in Bruce Township, County 
of Bruce, in 1868, of Highland Scotch parents, 
and glories in the fact that he has Highland 
Scotch blood flowing through his veins. He 
attended the public school in the section in 
which he lived until he was about thirteen 
years of age, when, being the eldest of the 
family, he had to leave school to assist on the 
farm. His ambition for an education was 
unquenched and he studied at home, and at 
the age of twenty-one took a three-months' 
course in the public school, secured his ma- 
triculation. He went to Port Elgin and 



Ij 



Walkerton High School and succeeded in 
creditably securing a second-class certificate. 
He taught school for a few years, but the 
profession at that time not being over-re- 
munerative, he again took up farming, and 
also engaged in grazing and shipping cattle, 
which occupation he still successfully follows. 
In 1901 he was elected to the Township of 
Bruce Council, where he served for two years. 
In 1903-4 he was elected to Reeveship of the 
Township. In 1910 he again contested the 
Reeveship successfully and held the office 
until 1912. This office he did not covet for 
office sake, but being enthused with the true 
spirit of co-operation for the benefit of all he 
set the log rolling for the establishment of a 
municipal telephone system, for the benefit of 
nine different municipalities, his own native 
township being the initiating one. This 
enterprise is now looked upon as the greatest 
example of co-operation in the whole 
county. In his efforts he was ably seconded 
by men who caught his vision. He is at 
present one of a commission of three, the 
other two being, D. McNaughton, Ex-M.P.P., 
and J. J. Hunter, who handle the business 
of this system. Mr. MacLean is a man of 
splendid executive ability, which has been 
shown by his able judgment in all public 
enterprises with which he has been connected. 
It has been said that the farmer needs ideas. 
In his case he has ideas big ones and is 
not afraid to champion them even in the face 
of strong opposition. He is a leader and a 
safe one to follow, because of his canny Scotch 
nature. He is a good public speaker and has 
such splendid control of himself that he has 
never been known to show anger even under 
trying circumstances. In patriotic endeavor 
he is always to the fore, having done his part 
ably and conscientiously ever since the war 
began. As yet he has not taken unto himself 
a wife. He is a Liberal in politics, and his 
name has often been mentioned in connection 
with Parliamentary honors. He is a member 
of Port Elgin Lodge, No. 429, A.F. & A.M., 
Camp McCrimmon, S.O.S., and the I.O.O.F. 
His genial good nature, wide knowledge of 
municipal affairs and splendid physique, make 
him an outstanding farmer in any company. 

Heaton, Ernest (Toronto, Ont.). Born 
in 1861, at Bellws-yn-Rhos, North Wales. Is 
the son of Rev. Hugh E. Heaton, of Plas 
Heaton, Denbighshire, North Wales. Edu- 
cated at Marlborough College and University 
College, Oxford (B.A., 1884). Came to 
Canada on his graduation and was called to 
the bar of Upper Canada at Osgoode Hall, 



1887. Successfully practised his profession 
in Toronto till 1892, when he removed to 
Goderich; returned to Toronto in 1900. 
Now manager of Heaton's Agency, Toronto. 
Founded a semi-official system of publications, 
including Heaton's Annual, Heaton's Provin- 
cial Booklets and Heaton's Handbooks of Can- 
nadian Resources. Has contributed many arti- 
cles to Canadian and English magazines and is 
the author of "Canada's Problem" (1895); 
"The Trust Company Idea and Its Develop- 
ment" (1904); and also editor of the "Com- 
mercial Handbook of Canada." Married 
Grace, daughter of H. G. Attrill, of Baltimore 
and Ridgewood Park, Goderich, and is the 
father of the following children : Helen Grace, 
born 1891, married Capt. Ruggles George; 
Hugh Attrill, born 1893; Thomas Gilbert, 
born 1900; Catherine Mary, born 1893. 
Mr. Heaton is a member of the Toronto Golf 
Club, Toronto Hunt Club and Albany Club; 
is an adherent of the Church of England, 
and has been a delegate to its Synods. He 
is a Conservative in politics. 

Jones, Henry Victor Franklin (To- 
ronto, Ont.), Assistant General Manager of 
the Canadian Bank of Commerce, son of 
the late Charles S. Jones and Helen 
(MacDougall) ; mother sister of the late 
Honorable William MacDougall, C.B., one 
of the "Fathers of Confederation." Born at 
St. Mary's, Ontario, September 28, 1871; 
educated at Toronto; married June 4, 1904, 
Bunella, daughter of the late E. W. Rathbun, 
Deseronto, Ontario. Entered the service of 
the Canadian Bank of Commerce, December 
13, 1887. Was at head office and New York 
branch, and manager of the London, Eng- 
land branch of this bank. Chairman Edit- 
ing Committee Journal Canadian Bankers 
Association, member Ontario Provincial 
Housing . Committee. He is a member 
of the City Club and Conservative Club, and 
the Royal Colonial Institute, London, Eng- 
land; Richmond Country Club, New York; 
The York, Toronto, National, Racquet, and 
the Toronto Golf Clubs. Mr. Jones is the 
father of four children, three girls and one 
boy. His principal recreation is golf, rac- 
quets, fishing, shooting. 

Middlebro, William S., K.C. (Owen 
Sound, Ont.), son of John and Margaret 
Middlebr6. Born, October 17, 1868, at the 
town of Orangeville, Ont. Educated at the 
Owen Sound Collegiate Institute and Osgoode 
Hall, Toronto; called to the Bar, 1892, and 
created a King's Counsel in 1910; Mayor of 



87 



the city of Owen Sound, 1889, and 1900. 
Married, September 2, 1903, to Laura J. 
Trethewey, who died April 21, 1907, leaving 
no children; on October 22, 1913, married 
Pearl Irene, daughter of G. B. Ryan, of 
Guelph, Ont. Mr. Middlebr6, who enjoys 
a large legal practice in the city of Owen 
Sound, was first elected to the House of 
Commons in 1908; re-elected in 1911 and 
again in 1917, by a majority of 2,291, to 
represent the constituency of North Grey. 
He has been a prominent member in the 
House since his first election to Parliament 
and has been Chairman of the Public Ac- 
counts Committee and Chairman of the 
Special Committee appointed to investigate 
Army boots in 1915, and also chief Gov- 
ernment Whip of the former Borden Gov- 
ernment and of the Union Government. 
Mr. Middlebr6 is a fluent platform speaker 
and well versed in all questions of National 
importance. He is a member of the Church 
of England, and belongs to the Sydenham 
Club of Owen Sound, and has one son by 
his second marriage, William George. 

Marsh, Lieutenant - Colonel Lome 
Wilmot, (Belleville, Ont.). Born at 
Frankford, Ont., June 29, 1871, son of John 
Secord Marsh and Lydia M. (Hunt), U.E. 
Loyalist descent. Educated at the Public 
and High Schools, Belleville. Matriculant 
of Toronto University and an Undergraduate. 
Married, February 13, 1894, Euretta M., 
daughter of John and Isabella Smith, Point 
Fortune, Quebec. Father of one son, John 
Edward, born June 16, 1900. Is a member 
of the Masonic Order and a Past Master, 
and a Member of The Chapter, a Knight 
Templar, A.O.M.S., also the I.O.O.F. and 
the I.O.F. Interested himself in the Muni- 
cipal affairs of the city of Belleville, and 
served as Alderman five years, 1903-1907, 
inclusive, and elected Mayor in 1909 and 
1910. Took active interest in military mat- 
ters: Served in the ranks of the 15th Argyll 
Light Infantry. Lieutenant, 1898-9; Captain, 
1899, and by gradual promotion rose to the 
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and Commanding 
Officer of the Battalion. Has been a suc- 
cessful manufacturer since 1897, when he 
took over the manufacturing business of the 
defunct G. & J. Brown Manufacturing Com- 
pany, with the late W. H. Henthorn, which 
was incorporated in 1908 and conducts the 
manufacture incident to a foundry, machine 
shop and boiler shop, specializing in hoisting 
machinery, steel tanks and general con- 
tractors' machinery, and has recently built a 



$75,000.00 plant to take care of the rapidly 
increasing output. The nomenclature of his 
business is " Marsh Engineering Works, 
Limited." Lieutenant-Colonel Marsh is a 
Methodist in religion, and has been classed 
as an Independent Liberal. 

Hebert, Zepherin, President, Hudon, 
Hebert & Co., Ltd., Montreal, Quebec, 
Wholesale Grocers and Wine Merchants, im- 
porting direct from manufacturers in Europe, 
China, Japan, Asia Minor and United States. 
Born in the city of Montreal on February 6, 
1866, the son of Charles P. and Rose (Bus- 
seau) Hebert, the subject of this sketch is in 
the prime of life. Having attended the 
Catholic Commercial Academy and St. 
Mary's College, Mr. Hebert received a liberal 
education, and to this fact, marked busi- 
ness ability, which he displayed at an early 
age, and a winning personality are due his 
rapid rise, and present recognized position in 
the Eastern Metropolis. Mr. Hebert's busi- 
ness career and his advancement is worthy 
of note. He joined his present firm as clerk 
in 1883, when but seventeen years of age; 
admitted partner ten years later; became 
Director and Assistant Manager, 1906; 
elected Vice-President, 1908; President, 
1911. This business was established, 1839, 
under the name of E. & V. Hudon; later, V. 
Hudon, J. Hudon & Co.; Hudon, Hebert & 
Cie, 1883 ; incorporated under present name, 
1906, the late C. P. Hebert being first Presi- 
dent. They now employ a staff of 170, and 
have 25 travelling salesmen constantly visit- 
ing all Canada and selling their goods from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans; their 
turn-over ending January 31, 1913, was 
$4,000,000, an increase of $1,000,000 over the 
past two years' business. For the last 
twenty-five years Mr. Hebert has been a 
member of the Montreal Board of Trade, 
second Vice-President in 1915, first Vice- 
President in 1916, and in 1917 was accorded 
the honor of being elected President of that 
influential body, being the first French-Can- 
adian upon whom such a signal mark of dis- 
tinction has been conferred. He was ap- 
pointed a member of the Council in February, 
1913; elected member Transportation Bureau 
December, 1913; has held most of important 
offices, Dominion Grocers Guild, and is 
now President; Chairman, Prize Committee, 
Province Quebec; President Montreal Whole- 
sale Liquor Association; Treasurer and Gov- 
ernor, Notre Dame Hospital; Governor 
Montreal General Hospital, Governor Laval 
University. Mr. Hebert is a dominant force 



88 



in the cultivation of harmonious relations 
between the Provinces of Ontario and Que- 
bec, and was one of the promoters of the 
Bonne Entente movement, having presided 
as Chairman at the Conference when the idea 
was first crystallized, which led to such happy 
results, and is at present a member of the 
executive. Of broad opinions, and liberal 
views, he has been described as "a thorough- 
going Canadian." He is an ardent admirer 
of British institutions, with a fine pride of his 
own race and its splendid traditions. His 
opinions on economic questions, of which he 
has been a close student, are held in the 
highest regard and his addresses before the 
Canadian Credit Men's Association on 
"Credit and Co-operation," and before the 
Wholesale Grocers' Guild, on "Evolution of 
a Credit Plan" were considered masterly ex- 
positions of the subjects dealt with. Mr. 
Hebert has had a distinguished military 
career. He served with the 65th Regiment, 
Mount Royal Rifles, as private, 1882; saw 
active service in the North-west Rebellion, 
1885; promoted to Sergeant and Captain, 
and retired with the rank of Major, after 
eighteen years of service. With such a fine 
record he is enthusiastic on the winning of 
the war, and prominent in all undertakings 
of a patriotic nature. With admirable dic- 
tion he is able to speak English and French, 
and has all the courtesy and charm of man- 
ner which characterizes the educated French- 
Canadian. He married Blanche Robidoux, 
daughter of J. O. Robidoux, Oct. 9, 1894; 
has two sons, Charles P. and Jacques Robi- 
doux, and two daughters, Marielle and Ger- 
trude. He belongs to the following clubs: 
Canadian, Jockey. Recreations: General, 
military affairs. Politics, Independent Lib- 
eral. Religion, Roman Catholic. Address, 
Montreal, Quebec. 

McMahon, Edward, Ottawa, arrived in 
Canada from Ireland in 1882,and immediately 
entered into the real estate business as agent 
for the owners of By Estate. In 1891 he was 
appointed to the Secretaryship of the Central 
Canada Exhibition Association, and held that 
position until 1916, when he retired. During 
this period he remained in the real estate 
business and was also Secretary-Treasurer for 
Registered Sale Pure Bred Cattle. Mr. 
McMahon is a member of the firm of Bate & 
McMahon, builders of Connaught Rifle 
Range, South March (1913), and member of 
the firm of Bate, McMahon & Co., Contract- 
ors with the Dominion Government for the 
construction of Valcartier Camp, Quebec; 



Camp Sewell, Manitoba; and Camp Hughes, 
Alberta; Camp Borden, the largest Military 
Camp in the world ; also builders of Aviation 
Camps, viz., Borden, Mohawk and Leaside, 
under contract with the Imperial Munitions 
Board. Mr. McMahon is also senior mem- 
ber of the firm of E. McMahon & Son, Insur- 
ance and Real Estate Agents, and is on the 
Board of Directors of the following compan- 
ies, viz., Dominion Hardwoods, Limited; 
the Ottawa Construction Company; the 
Standard Paving Company, and the Ottawa 
Artificial Ice Company. It was owing to 
Mr. McMahon's marked business and ex- 
ecutive ability during the twenty-five years 
that he held the Secretaryship and, prac- 
tically, the General Management, that the 
Central Canada Exhibition Association, next 
to Toronto, is now the best institution of the 
kind in Canada. Each year, from the time 
of his appointment, it grew stronger, more 
attractive and more valuable, until to-day it 
is second only to Toronto's Great Annual 
Exhibition. Mr. McMahon came to Canada 
from Monaghan, Ireland, where he was born, 
January 17, 1862. His father and mother 
were Edward McMahon, farmer and account- 
ant, and Jane Mitchell. He was educated 
at the National and Collegiate Schools and 
graduated with honors. He married Susan 
Jane Haram, daughter of Robert Haram, 
Ottawa, and has two sons and one daughter, 
viz.: H. E. McMahon, Lillian M. McMahon 
and Robert M. McMahon. He is a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Orange Institution and a 
Mason; is a Conservative in politics and 
a Protestant in religion. He resides at 
87 James St. and has offices in the Central 
Chambers. 

Jacobs, Samuel W., E.G., M.P., sen- 
ior member of the legal firm of Jacobs, 
Couture & Fitch, Montreal, Que. Has been 
President of the Baron de Hirsch Institute, 
1912-1914, and is a member of the Canadian 
Committee of the Jewish Colonization Asso- 
ciation of Paris, which administers the Baron 
de Hirsch Fund. He is an Honorary Vice- 
President of the Jewish Publication Society 
of America, and was a director and 
member of the governing board of the Mon- 
treal Reform Club for many years. Mr. 
Jacobs has contributed numerous papers on 
legal subjects to various law Reviews, and is 
the author of "Railway Law of Canada," 
also joint editor of Jacobs and Garneau's 
Code of Civil Procedure. He was born in 
Lancaster, Glengarry County, Ontario, the 
son of William and Hannah Jacobs, and 



received his early education at Montreal 
High School, graduating from McGill Univer- 
sity in 1893, as B.C.L., with first rank honors, 
and from Laval University in the following 
year as LL.M. cum Laude. He was elected 
to the House of Commons at the general 
elections in 1917 for the George Etienne 
Cartier Division of Montreal by over 6,000 
majority, defeating two opponents. In 1906 
he was created a King's Counsel. Mr. Jacobs 
married Miss Amy Stein, daughter of the late 
Michael Stein of Baltimore, Md., in April, 
1917, and they have issue one daughter, 
Hannah, born in 1918. He is a member of 
the Jewish religion, and a Liberal in politics. 

Boyer, Major Gustave, son of Benjamin 
Boyer and Angelique Latour (both French- 
Canadians), born November 29, 1871, at 
St. Laurent, Jacques Cartier County, near 
Montreal. Educated at St. Laurent College 
and Laval University. Married April 10, 
1907toPamela,daughterof Francois Rheaume 
of Montreal. Formerly a public lecturer on 
agriculture for the Quebec Government. 
Has been connected with both "La Patne" 
and "Le Canada," as agricultural editor. 
Founded the "Echo de Vaudreuil," 1897; 
was alderman and mayor of the town of 
Rigaud for nine years. Has had an 
active military career, being Major and 
Second in Command of the 17th Regiment 
Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars, 
of which he organized B. Squadron in Vaud- 
reuil County, and afterwards organizer and 
first commanding officer of the 33rd Regiment 
of Hussars, Vaudreuil and Soulanges. First 
elected to the House of Commons as a Liberal 
at the general election of 1904, and re- 
elected in 1908 1911, and 1917. Major 
Boyer is recognized as an authority on all 
matters pertaining to agriculture. 

Crothers, Hon. Thomas Wilson, B.A., 

K.C., son of William and Nancy (Grey), 
was born at Northport, Prince Edward 
County, Ontario, January 1, 1850. Educated 
at the Public School, Northport, and Albert 
College, Belleville, and graduated from 
Victoria College with the degree of B.A. in 
1873, taught public schools in Lennox and 
Prince Edward for two years and was head 
master of Wardsville High School 1874-75-76. 
Studied law in the office of Foy, Macdonald 
& Tupper, and Messrs. Bethune, Osier & 
Moss, in 1877-78-79. On being called to 
the Bar, began practice of Law in St. Thomas 
in 1880 and for a number of years was in 
partnership with Samuel Price, formerly 



Mining Commissioner for Ontario, under 
the firm name of Crothers & Price. Appoint- 
ed a K.C. in 1906; contested West Elgin as 
Liberal Conservative candidate for a seat in 
the Legislative Assembly for Ontario at the 
general elections in 1879, was defeated by 
the late Dr. Cascadden, who was elected by 
a majority of 7. Was Chairman of the Text 
Book Commission appointed by the Ontario 
Government in 1906 to enquire into the price 
of Public and High School Text Books, 
which enquiry resulted in the price being 
very greatly reduced, when he declined to 
receive any emolument for his services; 
appointed governor of Toronto University 
1908. First elected to the House of Com- 
mons at the general elections in 1908 as a 
Conservative member for West Elgin, and 
re-elected at the general elections in 1911 
and sworn in as Privy Councillor and ap- 
pointed Minister of Labor in the Borden 
Government, Oct. 10, 1911. In 1917 elected 
as a Unionist and retained the portfolio of 
Minister of Labour until November last, 
when he resigned owing to ill health. Upon 
accepting this office was returned by acclam- 
ation. The Hon. Mr. Crothers accompanied 
Premier Borden on his western tour June, 
1911, and is recognized as a platform speaker 
of splendid presence and much force. Mar- 
ried July 26, 1883, Mary E., daughter of the 
late Dr. J. A. Burns, of St. Thomas. The 
Minister is a member of the First Methodist 
Church, St. Thomas. 

Pyne, Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. Robert 
Allan, M.D., LL.D., Minister of Education 
for the Province of Ontario, was born at New- 
market, Ontario, October 29, 1853; son of 
Thomas Pyne, M.D., and Hester Jane 
Roberts, cousin of Field-Marshal Earl Rob- 
erts; educated at public schools, grammar 
school and University of Toronto; physician 
and surgeon; M.B., M.D. College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons of Ontario, of which he 
was for many years secretary and registrar; 
LL.D. (hon.) University of Toronto, 1905, 
and Queen's University, Kingston. Mar- 
ried Mary Isobel, daughter of His Honor 
Judge Macqueen, County of Oxford; has 
issue: Mona Aileen, Frederick Roberts, 
Frank Herbert. As a youth played football 
and cricket as member of the Toronto Cricket 
and Lacrosse Clubs. Practised his profes- 
sion in Toronto and took active part in pub- 
lic affairs as member of Toronto School Board, 
Public Library Board and Toronto Board of 
Health. While resident of Haldimand 
County served in the 37th Haldimand Rifles 



90 






and was subsequently Assistant Surgeon, 
Royal Grenadiers, Toronto. Having been 
prominent in politics, was elected to Ontario 
Legislature as Conservative member for East 
Toronto, at the general elections of 1898, and 
on the redistribution of the city in 1914 was 
chosen to represent North-East Toronto, 
which seat he resigned in 1918. Recently 
appointed a Governor of the University of 
Toronto. On the formation of the Whitney 
Administration (1905-1914) was appointed 
Minister of Education, and reappointed 
to the same office in the Hearst 
Administration (1914-). In 1918 he re- 
signed to give place to Hon. Dr. Cody 
and accepted the post of Clerk of York 
County. During his term of office the 
educational system was greatly developed, 
the legislative grants to schools largely 
increased, the policy of cheap text-books 
inaugurated, and a complete organization 
for technical training and agricultural 
teaching in elementary and secondary 
schools effected. The successful expansion of 
the Provincial Schools for Deaf Children (at 
Belleville) and for blind children (at Brant- 
ford), is due in great measure to his encour- 
agement and his knowledge as a physician. 
In 1915 he was requested by the Ontario Gov- 
ernment to visit England in connection with 
the gift by the province of a Military Hospi- 
tal for wounded soldiers, and gazetted 
a lieutenant-colonel in the Canadian Army. 
The hospital was built at Orpington, Kent, 
England, under his supervision, and has been 
pronounced the best equipped and organized 
institution of its kind erected during tb'e war. 
Has twice visited the Canadian forces on the 
battle line in France. Is prominent in a 
number of societies, including the Masonic 
Order, the Orange Association, Sons of Eng- 
land, etc., etc. In religion a member of St. 
Paul's Church of England. Clubs: Toronto, 
Albany, Royal Canadian Yacht, Canadian 
Military Institute, Riverside Athletic Club, 
Residence, 21 Dunbar Road, Toronto. 

Shier, Walter C., M.D. (Uxbridge, Ont.), 
is the son of James Shier and Mary Ann 
Mooney, and was born at Leaksdale, Ont., 
June 23, 1869, and educated at one of 
the Public Schools of Scott Township 
and the High School of Uxbridge, in 
the County of Ontario, and also at To- 
ronto University, graduating in Arts with 
the degree of B.A. in 1897, and in Medicine 
with the degree of M.B. with honors, in 1907. 
Doctor Shier's grandfather, John Shier, was 
one of the early settlers of the Township of 



Brock, where he located in 1827, a little 
north of the present West Brock Anglican 
Church, and was of Irish Palatine stock. 
His great-great-great-grandfather was driven 
out of the Palatinate by the wars of Louis 
XIV of France. He left his native country 
in 1709 and among thirteen thousand of his 
countrymen, threw himself upon the gener- 
osity of the British Government. After liv- 
ing one summer in England, he settled at 
Balligarane in Limerick County, Ireland, 
August, 1709, on the estate of Lord South- 
well. The Doctor's progenitors were all of the 
farming class. The story of the expulsion 
of his ancestors from that portion of France 
which is now known as the Provinces of 
Alsace-Lorraine, is of absorbing interest, 
Dr. Shier after considerable trouble 
and research, has traced the history 
of his forefathers during the interesting 
period referred to, and has written a book 
entitled "A Family from Balligarane," being 
a history of the Irish Palatines. Dr. Shier 
was married on the 4th of February, 1908, to 
Martha Kaufmann, daughter of the late 
Henry Kaufmann, of Wellesley, Ont., and 
has one adopted daughter, Elsie Grace Ball, 
age 7. He is a member of the Oddfellows 
and of the Masonic Order, being Past Master 
of Zeredatha Lodge, A.F. & A.M., Uxbridge. 
In religion he is a Presbyterian and a Con- 
servative in politics. The Doctor has been 
Coroner of the County of Ontario for some 
years and Surgeon of the G.T.R. He de- 
votes his attention very closely to his profes- 
sion and specializes on Eye, Ear, Nose and 
Throat, Consultations and Anaesthetics. He is 
an ardent motorist and expert marksman. 
The Doctor is a man of fine literary tastes 
and exceedingly well posted on all matters of 
national importance. He entertains very de- 
cided opinions on public questions and is 
never afraid to have them known. 

Robertson, Wm. John (St. Catharines, 
Ont.), son of John and Emma (Rudsdale) 
Robertson. Father, a Scotch Canadian; moth- 
er, a native of Yorkshire, England. Born 
Westtneath, County Renfrew, Ontario, Sept. 
12, 1846; educated Perth High School, Toron- 
to University (B.A. with gold medal in 
metaphysics, ethics and civil polity; silver 
medal in mathematics; 1st honors in history 
and Prince of Wales prize for highest standing 
in 1873); and Victoria University (LL.B., 
1883). Married, 1887, Margaret K., young- 
est daughter of John Junkin, St. Catharines, 
Ontario, for a time assistant to late Professor 
Kingston, Meteorological Bureau, Toronto, 



91 



and 38 years as chief teacher of mathe- 
matics and history, St. Catharines Col- 
legiate Institute; for 7 years was examiner 
in metaphysics, ethics, modern history, and 
political science, Toronto University; was 
also examiner for Upper Canada College and 
McMaster University; was Ontario Repre- 
sentative on the Committee of the Dominion 
Education Association for securing and re- 
vising Canada manuscripts from a Dominion 
standpoint, 1892; first President Canadian 
History Association, 1895; founded Rob- 
ertson Prize in Canadian Constitutional 
History, Toronto University; formerly a 
Senator Victoria University; Pres. Ontario 
Library Assoc., Mathematics Assoc., and 
chairman St. Catharines Free Library Board, 
also Vice- Pres. Y.M.C.A. Ont. and Quebec; 
Pres. Canadian Club, St. Catharines, and 
Pres. Local St. Andrews Society. Member 
of the St. Catharines College Institute 
Board, Pres. of the Local Branch Bible 
Society. Author, sketch of " Canadian Bank- 
ing and Currency since 1867," "The Teacher's 
Relation to the State," "A Comparison of 
the Political Institutions of Canada with 
those of Great Britain and Ireland, and with 
those of the United States ; ' 'The Growth of the 
Canadian Constitution," "The High School 
History of England and Canada," "The Pub- 
lic School History of England and Canada," 
for many years of other authorized Text Books 
in Ontario and other provinces, and of numer- 
ous other works of a like nature and reputa- 
tion. In politics an Independent Liberal; 
a Methodist in religion. A member of the 
Methodist Board of Education, and for 32 
years a Delegate to the General Conference 
and member of Superannuation Fund Board 
of the Church ; a believer in Free Trade as far 
as it can be obtained; the development of a 
Canadian sentiment and literature; and the 
moderation of party feeling. Member of 
the Golf Club, St. Catharines, and of the 
Canadian Club. 

Seguin, Paul Arthur, B.S., LL.B. 

(L'Assomption, Que.), son of Felix Seguin 
and Vitaline Noiseux, both French-Can- 
adians. Born October 2, 1875, at Charle- 
magne; educated at L'Assomption College 
and Laval University, from which latter in- 
stitution he graduated with the degree of 
B.S. and LL.B. Married, October 30, 1899, to 
Marie Anna Rivest, daughter of Francois 
Rivest and Delphine McGoun, and is the 
father of the following children: Roland, 
Rolande, Jeanette, Fernande and Pauline. 
Mr. Seguin is a Notary Public by profession 



and has been Secretary-Treasurer of the town 
of Terrebonne from 1900 to 1907, and Secre- 
tary-Treasurer of the Parish of St. Paul 
1'Ermite from 1907 to 1912, and now prac- 
tises his profession at the town of L'Assom- 
tion, of which town he is the Mayor, and 
member of the School Board. Mr. Seguin 
was first elected to the House of Com- 
mons as a Liberal in 1908 and again 
in 1911, and also at the general elec- 
tions in 1917. He has always been a staunch 
Liberal and a member of the Roman Catholic 
Church. 

Smith, John Charles, B.A., son of 

William Smith and his wife Sarah Josephine 
Whitlow, was born at Kingston, Ont., 
November 28, 1875. Educated at Kingston 
Public Schools, Kingston Collegiate Institute, 
and Queen's University, Kingston, from which 
latter institution he graduated with the de- 
gree of B.A. in 1898, with honors in Classics. 
Mr. Smith taught in the Public Schools in 
Frontenac County, Ont., and was subse- 
quently Classical Master in Dutton High 
School and in Dundas High School, afterwards 
Classical Master and Principal in the Wing- 
ham High School, and filled a similar position 
in the Ingersoll Collegiate Institute. In 1916 
was appointed Inspector of Public Schools 
for the Inspectorate of Elgin East. Married 
Rose, daughter of John Critchley, of To- 
ronto, and has one child, Hugh Cyprian 
Whitlow. Mr. Smith is a member of the 
Canadian Club and the Masonic and Orange 
Orders, and of the Canadian Order of For- 
esters. He is an Anglican in religion and a 
member of Trinity Church, St. Thomas, at 
which city he resides. 

Samuel, Sigmund, one of the most in- 
teresting of Toronto's wholesale merchants is 
Sigmund Samuel, son of Lewis Samuel, who, 
with his wife, formerly Miss Kate Sickleman, 
came to Toronto in 1855, where Mr. Samuel 
founded his iron, steel and metal business, 
now located at the corner of King and Spa- 
dina Avenue, Toronto, at 120 Broadway, 
New York, and 18 Philpot Lane, London, 
E.G., England, and is also vice-president 
of the Metallic Roofing Co. of Toronto. 
It is now the oldest established firm 
in direct succession in Canada in 
this branch of industry. The present 
head of the firm was born in Toronto on 
October 24, 1868, and educated at the Model 
School and Upper Canada College, from 
which he graduated in 1884. In 1898 he 
married L. May Mandelson, daughter of L. 



P. Mandelson, a retired merchant of London, 
England, and their family numbers four: 
Kathleen May, Lewis Sigmund, Norman Sig- 
mund and Florence May. Of Jewish religion, 
in politics Conservative, Mr. Samuel's chief 
recreations are golf and motoring. He 
is a member of the York Club, Toronto 
Hunt Club, the Albany, the Lambton 
Golf and Country Club, the Caledon 
Mountain Trout Club and, in England, 
of the Carlton Club and the Hanger Hill Golf 
Club. He is also a member of the coun- 
cil of the Art Museum of Toronto. 
Nor is Mr. Samuel neglectful of phil- 
anthrophy, for he is a life member of the 
Western Hospital, Toronto, and a governor 
of the Children's Hospital, Great Ormond St., 
London, England. Mr. Samuel is truly Im- 
perialistic in maintaining his English connec- 
tions, and maintains his English address at 
64 Porchester Terrace, London. His Cana- 
dian home is at 140 Madison Avenue, Toronto. 

Rose, Hon. Mr. Justice Hugh Edward, 

(Toronto). Son of the late Hon. Mr. Justice 
J. E. Rose, LL.D., Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Judicature for Ontario. Born in 
Toronto the 16th of September, 1869. Edu- 
cated at Toronto Collegiate Institute and 
the University of Toronto, from which latter 
institution he graduated in 1891 with the 
degree of B.A., and received the degree of 
LL.B in 1892. Called to the bar in 1894. 
Created K.C. in 1908. Before his elevation 
to the Bench, was a member of the firm 
of Fasken, Cowan, Chadwick & Rose. 
Some time Examiner in Law, Toronto 
University, and one of the examiners of 
the Law Society of Upper Canada. Appoint- 
ed to the Bench the 4th of December, 1916. 
Member of the following clubs: Toronto Club, 
and Toronto Golf Club. In religion, Mr. 
Justice Rose is a member of the Church of 
England. 

Mills, Charles Henry, M.L.A. (Kit- 
chener). Was born at Clinton, Ont., October 
27, 1861; son of Rev. John Mills and his 
wife, Eliza Coleman. Educated at the Grims- 
by High School. Was President of the 
Kitchener Board of Trade, 1904-5, and Alder- 
manfortheCity,1911-12. Has been member of 
the following boards in the City of Kitchener: 
Parks Commissioner, Light and Power Com- 
mission, and Collegiate Institute. Was first 
President of the Canadian Club in his home 
City in 1908. First elected to the Ontario 
Legislature at a by-election, October 28, 1912, 
as the Conservative representative for the con- 



stituency of North Waterloo and again returned 
in the General Election of 1914 by a majority 
of 1454, being the largest majority ever given 
a Conservative candidate in the riding. In 
religion, the member for North Waterloo is 
a Methodist. He married Bernice Mitton, 
daughter of William J. Mitton of Button, 
September 7, 1898, and is a member of the 
Kitchener and Waterloo Clubs and of the 
following societies: Masonic, Canadian Order 
of Foresters, and Knights of Pythias. 

Hazen, Hon. Sir John Douglas, 
K.C.M.G., K.C., LL.D., O.G. (St. John 
City and County). Descended from Ed- 
ward Hazen, who moved from Northum- 
berland, Eng., to Massachusetts in 1648, 
and more immediately from John Ha- 
zen, who, with his brother William, came 
from Haverhill, Mass., and settled at Port- 
land, New Brunswick, in 1775. Son of the 
late James King Hazen, mother a daughter 
of the late Hon. John A. Beckwith. Maternal 
grandfather was Provincial Secretary of New 
Brunswick and member of the Legislative 
Council. Paternal grandfather was an officer 
in H.M. Army, and Sheriff of Sunbury 
County for over 25 years. Born at Oromocto, 
Sunbury County, New Brunswick, June 5, 
1860. Educated at Collegiate School, Fred- 
ericton, and University, New Brunswick; 
degrees, B.A., B.C.L., LL.D., University 
New Brunswick. Married Sept. 22, 1884, 
Ada C., daughter of James Tibbits, of Fred- 
ericton. Five children : Douglas King, Katie 
Elizabeth, Frances Edith, James Murray 
(Lieutenant C.E.F., died of wounds in France) 
and Ada A. A barrister-at-law. Director 
of the Eastern Trust Co., Senator of the 
University, New Brunswick and ex- President 
Alumni Society thereof. Ex- President of the 
Barristers' Society, New Brunswick. Was 
Alderman of Fredericton for three years and 
Mayor too. Removed to St. John, 1890. 
President of Horticultural Society. Re- 
turned to House of Commons, general elec- 
tion, 1891, for St. John city and county. In 
1891, moved address in reply in House of 
Commons; an unsuccessful candidate 1896; 
elected to House of Assembly 1899-1903 and 
1908 (Sunbury County). Chosen 1899 
Leader of the Opposition. The Opposition 
Party under his leadership administered a 
crushing defeat to the Robinson Government 
at the general election, March, 1908, and at 
the close of the polls he found himself at the 
head of a contingent of 31 supporters, as 
against 12 adherents of the government. 
Upon the resignation of Premier Robinson 



and his colleagues, Mr. Hazen was summoned 
by His Honor the Lieut-.Governor to form a 
government, which he did, assuming the 
portfolio of Premier and Attorney-General. 
The Cabinet was sworn in, March 24, 1908, 
and all the members thereof re-elected by 
acclamation April 7. Retained office until 
Oct. 10, 1911, when he was sworn of the 
Privy Council and appointed Minister of 
Marine and Fisheries in Premier Borden's 
Cabinet. Dr. Daniel, the M.P. elect for St. 
John City and County, retiring, Mr. Hazen 
was placed in nomination and elected by 
acclamation. Member of Inter-Provincial 
Conference, Ottawa, and of Maritime Pro- 
vincial Conference (1910), attended corona- 
tion of King George and Queen Mary (1911) 
as representative of the Province of New 
Brunswick. Delegate to Washington on two 
occasions in connection with the Hague 
Award re North Atlantic Fisheries and dele- 
gate to England with Premier Borden, re 
Naval affairs (1912). In the latter part of 
1917 he became Chairman of the Canadian 
Section of the International Fisheries Com- 
mission to settle all outstanding fisheries 
questions between Canada and the United 
States; appointed Chief Justice New Bruns- 
wick November, 1917. Created a K.C.M.G. 
for public services same year. Member of 
Union Club, St. John; Mount Royal 
Club, Montreal; Rideau Club, Ottawa; 
Royal Colonial Institute, London Eng., and 
of the following societies: St. Georges, Loy- 
alist, New Brunswick, Historical, and Na- 
tural History, St. Johns, N.B. Recreation, 
golf and motoring. Member of St. Paul's 
(Anglican) Church, St. John, New Brunswick. 
Address, St. John, N.B. 

Sinclair, Victor Albert, B.A., LL.B., 

born May 16, 1872, at Tilsonburg, Ont., 
son of Dr. Lachlin C. Sinclair and Roxilana 
Nan Norman, both Canadians. Dr. Sin- 
clair contested North Norfolk on three occa- 
sions in the Conservative interests against 
the late Hon. John Charlton. Educated at 
the Public and High Schools of Tilsonburg, 
the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall; 
graduated B.A. in 1892 with first-class honors 
in Political Science and English, took degree 
of LL.B. with honors in 1894; called to the Bar 
at Osgoode Hall, in 1895, receiving medal. 
Commenced practice at Tilsonburg with 
W. A. Dowler, K.C., as Dowler & Sin- 
clair, has practised alone for past eight 
years, entered Municipal Council of his 
native town in 1896, and served three years 
as councillor and two years as Mayor, was 



high school trustee from 1910 until 1919, 
member of Council, Board of Trade. Presi- 
dent of Tilsonburg Conservative Club, 
President Tilsonburg Horticultural Society 
1910-1919, Vice- President Bowling Club, 
Vice-President Tilsonburg Shoe Company, 
Limited. The subject of this sketch was 
first elected to the Ontario Legislature for 
South Oxford at the general elections of 
1914 by a majority of four over Colonel 
T. R. Mayberry; on recount this majority 
was increased to five, and on appeal reduced 
to one. Mr. Sinclair is recognized as a 
valuable member of the Legislature, he was 
acting Chairman of the Public Accounts 
Committee during the session of 1916, he 
is a member of several fraternal societies, 
including the Masonic, of which he is now 
Worshipful Master, C.O.F., A.O.U.W., also 
O.C.H.C., of which he is Supreme Leader for 
Canada, and has made a special study of 
Municipal and Company law. He enjoys 
a large practice, and is the solicitor 
for several townships in the counties 
of Oxford, Elgin, and Norfolk. Married 
February 6, 1901, to Gertrude L-, daughter 
of George Draper, of Listowel, and is father 
of two children: Mildred Roxilana, and 
Gertrude Helen. In religion the member 
for South Oxford is a Methodist. His 
chief recreation is bowling and. horticulture. 

Robertson, Norman (Walkerton, Ont.), 
author of "The History of the County of 
Bruce," and Treasurer of the County of 
Bruce, Walkerton, Ont., was born on June 
27, 1845, in Belleville, Ontario. His father, 
Peter Robertson, was a merchant of Scottish 
birth and the son of a Presbyterian minister, 
at Kilmaurs, Ayrshire. Mr. Robertson's 
mother, Sarah Ross, was born in England, 
although of Highland descent, her grand- 
father being one of those who followed " Bon- 
nie Prince Charlie" into England in 1745. 
Norman Robertson attended the Grammar 
School at Belleville, but left school when only 
eleven years of age, that he might accompany 
his father and assist him in his business when 
he came to the County of Bruce and settled 
at Kincardine in 1856. The disadvantage 
arising from leaving school at so early an age 
was in part overcome by private study and 
tuition. In 1883 he went to Montreal, tak- 
ing a position in a wholesale dry goods ware- 
house, rising to the position of English buyer. 
In 1877 he returned to Kincardine and took 
over the business of his father, who retired. 
He was married at Montreal in 1871, to Lilla 
M. Warren, daughter of S. R. Warren, builder 



94 



| ( 

I 



of church organs at Montreal, and afterwards 
at Toronto. His family consists of three 
sons and two daughters. In religion Mr. 
Robertson is a Presbyterian, and has been an 
active worker in Sunday School work for over 
fifty years. In politics he is a Conservative. 
The position of Treasurer of the County of 
Bruce became vacant in 1887. and Mr. Rob- 
ertson was chosen from among twenty-five 
applicants. A desire to have put in book 
form and so preserved, the records of the 
settlement of the County of Bruce, in- 
duced the County Council in 1896 to offer a 
prize for a Historical Sketch of the County. 
The sketch prepared by Mr. Robertson car- 
ried off, jointly with another, the prize. This 
initial effort was followed in 1906 by a volume 
of 560 pages bearing the title "The History 
of the County of Bruce." This work has 
been very favorably commented upon and 
classed as one of the best of the County His- 
tories of the Province that have been pub- 
lished. Mr. Robertson was with the Victoria 
Rifles, of Montreal, when that regiment went 
to the front at the time of the Fenian Raids 
in 1866, and has received his military medal 
therefor. 

Price, Samuel, B.C.L., Toronto, Ont., 
Chairman, Workmen's Compensation Board. 
Born at Caradoc Township, Middlesex 
County, Ont., February 16, 1863, son 
of Richard and Mary (Whiting) Price. 
Educated at local Public School, Strath- 
roy and St. Thomas Collegiate Insti- 
tutes; Trinity University (B.C.L., gold 
medal); Osgoode Hall (scholarship each 
year, gold medal, 1895). Taught school for 
some time; read law with McLean & Son, St. 
Thomas, and Magee, McKillop & Murphy, 
London; called to Ontario Bar, September. 
1895; practised at St. Thomas; Secretary, 
Elgin Law Association. Royal Commissioner 
(Ontario) for settlement of Cobalt mining 
disputes, 1905; Mining Commissioner for 
Ontario, 1906-1912; Royal Commissioner 
for inquiry into alleged fraudulent action of 
Fort Frances Lumber Co., and Keewatin 
Lumber Co., 1909; Commissioner re eight- 
hour day for miners in Ontario, 1912-1913; 
reported to Ontario Government on eight- 
hour law and drafted Bill (now in force); 
Royal Commissioner to investigate mining 
labor troubles on Vancouver Island, 1913; 
assisted in general revision of Mining Act of 
Ontario, 1908; drafted amendments to min- 
ing laws and other Ontario legislation, 1907- 
1913; refused Chairmanship of Ontario Rail- 
way and Municipal Board; engaged (on 



recommendation of late Chief Commissioner 
Mabee) in consolidation and revision of Rail- 
way Act, 1912-1913; recommended by late 
Chief Commissioner Mabee for appointment 
as a member of Railway Board of Canada; 
appointed to present position Aug., 1914; 
President West Elgin Liberal-Conservative 
Association, 1904-1905. Member Public 
Library Board. Author "Mining Commis- 
sioner's Cases," 1910; articles on Mining Law, 
"Canada Law Times" and Journal Canadian 
Mining Institute, 1910-1911. Societies: A.F. 
& A.M., K.P., C.O.C.F., C.O.F. Liberal 
Conservative; Anglican. 

Jones, George Burpee, Apohaqui, N.B., 
son of Stephen Jones and Susan Eliza, 
his wife, both Canadians, was born Jan- 
uary 9, 1866, at Belle Isle Bay, Kings 
County, N.B. Educated at Apohaqui Su- 
perior School. At twelve years of age 
Mr. Jones entered the employ of the late 
J. A. Sinnott, and after six years resigned 
and accepted the position of General Man- 
ager with Hugh McLean, of Salmon River, 
Queens County, in general business and 
lumber. Resigned that position in Sep- 
tember, 1889, and commenced business in 
his present stand in Apohaqui and is senior 
member of the firm of Jones Brothers, 
general merchants and lumber manufacturers, 
of Apohaqui. Is president of the "St. John 
Daily Standard." Has been a member of 
the School Board of Apohaqui Superior 
School for the past 25 years. First elected 
member of the New Brunswick Legislative 
Assembly in 1908 and re-elected at the 
general elections in 1912, and re-elected 
general elections in 1917. Is of Loyalist 
descent and a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. Married August 15, 1888, to 
Melissa J., daughter of William Fowler, and 
is the father of two children, Colby Herbert 
and Muriel B. 

Izzard, Dennis Jabez, son of James 
Izzard and Elizabeth Whetstone, was born 
in Norton, Hertfordshire, England. With 
his parents he came to Canada in 1861, 
and for a time worked as a boy at 
farming. He secured his education in the 
schools of those early days under the excellent 
teachers who have left their stamp on the 
men and women of to-day. Growing to 
manhood Mr. Izzard decided to follow con- 
tracting and building, in which he achieved 
success for many years. Many of the public 
buildings in Bruce County were erected under 
his guidance, and stand as a monument to 



his ability. He made Port Elgin his home 
shortly after coming to the County of Bruce, 
and he has ever been one of its leading men. 
He served as councillor in the village council 
for a number of years. In 1880-81 he served 
as reeve. Retiring, he was out of municipal 
life until 1890-91, when he again adorned the 
reeve's chair. In 1909 the people again 
made him their choice, and he continuously 
represented them from that time until 1918. 
At the January meeting of the Bruce County 
Council in 1917, he received the marked 
honor of being elected warden of the county, 
by acclamation, he being the second man in 
the history of the county to have been so 
honored. He is kindly and courteous in 
disposition, and nowhere has it shown to 
better advantage than in his able handling 
of public bodies he has been connected with. 
His advice has always been received with 
the fullest confidence that he knows the 
matters being dealt with from a first hand 
knowledge. In January, 1918, he was 
chosen by the county council of Bruce as 
superintendent of the good roads of the 
county. In politics he is a Liberal, and his 
parents were English Methodists. He is fond 
of curling, fishing, shooting, in all of which 
he is skilful. He is a member of Port Elgin 
Lodge, No. 429, A.F. & A.M. In April, 1891, 
he married Mrs. Frilzinger, Waterloo County 
Two children were born, Stewart Elmo, 
deceased, and Miss Pearl E., who resides 
at home. 

Shutt, Frank Thomas (Ottawa, Ont.). 
Son of William D. and Charlotte Shutt. 
Born, London, England, September 15, 1859. 
Educated at London and the University of 
Toronto, from which latter institution he 
graduated in 1885 with honors in Natural 
Science; M.A., 1886; he also has had con- 
ferred on him D.Sc. and is regarded as one 
of the highest authorities on Agricultural 
Chemistry in America. Dominion Chemist 
and Assistant Director Experimental Farms. 
He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of 
Canada, Fellow of Chemical Society (Eng.), 
Fellow of the Institute of Chemistry 
(Eng.), and Fellow of the American Chemi- 
cal Society, and also Fellow of the Am- 
erican Association for the Advancement 
of Science. Since 1887 he has been 
Chemist of the Dominion Experimental 
Farms. Dr. Shutt founded the "Cawthorne 
Medal" in Natural Science, Toronto Uni- 
versity, and has been examiner in Chemistry 
there. President of Toronto University 
Graduates' Club, Ottawa, 1894-5; President 



of Ottawa Field and Naturalists' Club, Otta- 
wa, 1895; President, Ottawa Schubert Club, 
1896. President Chem. and Phys. Section 
Royal Society 1916-17. British Judge, 
World's Fair, Chicago, 1893, and is the 
author of the reports and bulletins of the 
Dominion Chemists' Experimental Farm 
and of many papers on original inves- 
tigations in the Royal Society of Can- 
ada. The Doctor is a man of fine musi- 
cal tastes and is especially interested in the 
organ. He finds recreation in pictorial 
photography. 

Montgomery, Hugh John, Wetaskiwin, 
Alta., was born on the 31st of July, 1876, 
at Bedeque, P.E.I., son of James Mont- 
gomery and Kate McFarlane, both Can- 
adians, born of Scotch parents. Educated 
at the Public School, Bedeque, P.E.I., 
and Charlottetown Business College. Went 
to Wetaskiwin in the Province of Alberta 
in 1898. Elected to the City Council 
as Alderman in 1905, and served four years 
and elected Mayor in 1910. First elected 
to the Provincial Legislature as Liberal 
candidate for the constituency of Wetas- 
kiwin at a by-election on November 
17, 1914, defeating his opponent by a ma- 
jority of 501. Re-elected at the Provincial 
general elections of June 7, 1917, by a ma- 
jority of 817. Married December 31, 
1903, Adelaide, daughter of Clifford E. 
Vaughn, of Minneapolis, Minn., and is the 
father of two children: Kenneth Gordon, 
and Lawrence Vaughn. Mr. Montgomery 
is a successful general merchant. In religion 
he is a Presbyterian. 

Macdonald, Selkirk M., Portage la 
Prairie, Man. A thorough westerner is Sel- 
kirk M. Macdonald, Deputy Clerk Crown 
and Pleas, C.J.D.; Surrogate Court Clerk, 
C.J.D., and County Court Clerk, since No- 
vember 1, 1903. Mr. MacDonald, who suc- 
ceeded his father, John MacDonald, in the 
above offices, was born in Portage la Prairie on 
February 1, 1875. His mother was Isabella 
MacKay, a daughter of Selkirk Douglas 
MacKay, who had the distinction of being 
the first white child born in Manitoba, 
his parents having come to Canada with 
the Lord Selkirk settlers. Mr. MacDon- 
ald is not only a westerner by birth 
and by all his traditions, he was 
educated in Portage la Prairie and has 
always taken a prominent part in the out- 
door sports which are such a feature of 
Western Canadian life. In his youth he 







THE LATE W. F. COWAN 



played hockey and lacrosse with the Vic- 
torias of Winnipeg, and the Portage la 
Prairie clubs and was also a member of the 
famous lacrosse club of Victoria, B.C. In 
bicycling, football, baseball, running, jump- 
ing he was always prominent, and he finds 
his greatest present recreations in hunt- 
ing, curling, motoring and trap-shooting. 
Mr. MacDonald is not married, is a 
Presbyterian in religion, a prominent member 
of the Masonic Society, and a member of 
the Portage Club, and of the Portage Country 
Club. 

Sainte-Pierre, F., Managing Director 
and Secretary-Treasurer of Credit Canada, 
Limitee, the largest French-Canadian Bond 
houses in Canada. Mr. Sainte-Pierre was 
born at Chicoutimi on the 13th December, 
1885, a son of F. Sainte-Pierre, general mer- 
chant, and Josephine Saint-Pierre. He was 
educated at Chicoutimi Seminary and the 
Commercial Academy of Quebec, graduating 
at Quebec in 1902. As a student, Mr. Saint- 
Pierre was a frequent contributor to the 
Society Magazine. He was married on 7th 
October, 1913, to Miss Noemi Decary, 
daughter of the late A. C. Decary, N.P., 
Registrar. He has two children, Helene and 
Jean Saint-Pierre. He is a member of the 
Maccabees and a Roman Catholic. Mr. 
Saint-Pierre is a Liberal in politics, in which 
he takes a keen interest, his name having 
been suggested as a candidate for parliament- 
ary honors on more than one occasion. Mr. 
Saint-Pierre is an enthusiastic motorist and 
also keenly interested in motor boating and 
fishing. Having been a dealer in a very 
large way in municipal securities, Mr. Saint- 
Pierre has for the past few years given a 
great deal of attention to the improvement 
of municipal borrowing. He favors the ap- 
pointment of a Government Expert Officer 
to safeguard and study the best methods of 
borrowing money, realizing that many muni- 
cipalities have not the expert financial 
knowledge that enables them to decide on the 
most propitious times to float loans, he be- 
lieves that the suggested reforms would be 
greatly in the interest, not only of the muni- 
cipalities, but of the financial houses that 
deal in these securities. Mr. Saint- Pierre, as 
the executive head of Credit Canada, Limitee, 
has been very active in the financing of large 
school municipalities and cities. His firm 
has handled some of the largest issues floated 
in the Province of Quebec in recent years. 
He has made various suggestions for the 
improvement of School municipalities in 



the province. Mr. Saint-Pierre is also well 
known as an expert accountant, and system- 
atizer. He is a member of several fraternal 
societies and it is well recognized that the 
prominent position obtained by Credit Can- 
ada, Limitee, is due to the energy and finan- 
cial skill of Mr. Saint-Pierre. 

Mackenzie, Norman, K.C., one of the 

leading barristers of the Canadian West, is 
head of the firm of Mackenzie, Thorn, 
McMorran, McDona.d, Bastedo and Jack- 
son, Regina, Saskatchewan. He was born 
at Sarnia, Ont., January 27, 1869, the son of 
John Alexander and Helen Mackenzie. He 
was educated at private schools, Upper 
Canada College and Osgoode Hall, Toronto. 
He read law in the offices of Morphy, Miller, 
Levesconte & Smythe, Toronto, from 1888 
to 1891, and in latter year was called to 
the Ontario Bar. He at once went to Re- 
gina, then the capital of the North-West 
Territories, was there called to the Territorial 
Bar and commenced practice. On the divi- 
sion of the North-West Territories into 
Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan in 
1905, he became a solicitor entitled to prac- 
tice in both Provinces by virtue of the Act. 
Was created K.C. in 1907, was elected a 
Bencher of the Law Society of the North- 
West Territories in 1898, and continued to 
represent the North-West Territories until 
1905, and since then the Province of Sas- 
katchewan, retiring in 1919 as a Bencher 
ex-officio under the Act, during which period 
he was at different times President of the 
Society, served as Public Administrator from 
1898 to 1910; 1916 to 1918 he was Vice- 
President for Saskatchewan of the Canadian 
Bar Association. Mr. Mackenzie finds his 
chief recreation in art and in his dogs. He 
is a member of many social organizations in- 
cluding the Assiniboia Club, Regina, Was- 
cana County Club, Regina Golf Club, Mani- 
toba Club, Winnipeg. He is a Presbyterian 
and a Liberal in politics. On May 29, 1909, 
he married Clara Erma, daughter of Henry 
McMorran of Port Huron, Michigan and 
resides at 2336 Victoria Ave., Regina. 

Johnston, Ebeneazer Forsyth Blackie, 
K.G. (Toronto, Ont.), was born in Berwick- 
shire, Scotland, December 20, 1850, and 
received a thorough scholastic training in his 
native country. He came to Canada in boy- 
hood, and for a short time looked to farming 
as an occupation and became also interested 
in educational matters. The bent of his 
mind being in the direction of the law, he 
pursued the studies thereof, and in 1876 was 



sworn in as a solicitor, and in 1880 he was 
called to the Bar, and practised at Guelph 
for a few years, where he met with big suc- 
cess. Upon receiving the appointment (in 
1885) as Deputy Attorney-General and Clerk 
of the Executive Council, he came to To- 
ronto, and held the position for four years. 
He then resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion and was subsequently appointed for 
three years Inspector of Registry Offices, 
which office, by reason of his increasing 
practice he was compelled to resign in 1894. 
He has frequently acted as Crown Counsel 
at the Provincial Assizes, being retained in 
several important murder trials, and in that 
capacity has won distinction and success, by 
reason of the fact that he has perhaps con- 
ducted more criminal cases than any man in 
Canada. To cite a complete or anything like 
a complete list of the cases which he has 
been retained for, would read like a city 
directory. He was a gentleman of pleasing 
address, yet withal a forceful orator, and had 
the faculty of being in a position through his 
remarkable tenacity to hold the jury and 
convince them to his way of thinking. He 
had a ready mental grasp, quick and clear 
conceptions, and was ever ready tosee a point 
and turn it to the advantage of his client. 
In 1887 was appointed a Commissioner to 
enquire into the working of municipal institu- 
tions, and was president of the Guelph Cal- 
edonian Society, and secretary of the Reform 
Association for a number of years. He was 
appointed as Q.C. by the Ontario Govern- 
ment in 1890. Mr. Johnston was senior part- 
ner of the well-known law firm of Johnston, 
McKay, Dodds & Grant. He was a Vice- 
President of the Royal Bank of Canada, 
Chairman of the Standard Reliance Mort- 
gage Corporation, Director on several Boards, 
and President of the Chartered Trust Co. 
He was for some years a Bencher of the Law 
Soci ety . M r . John ston passed away January 
29th, 1919. 

Saint Cyr, Joseph Fortunat (Montreal), 
one of the well-known lawyers of that city, 
was born at Saint Jean, Quebec, on December 
6, 1875, the son of Olivier Saint Cyr, clerk, 
and Rose de Lima Gosseline, his wife. He 
was educated at the College de Montreal and 
graduated in 1897 with the degrees of B.A. 
Studied law at Laval University, where he 
obtained the degree of LL.L. Admitted to 
the Bar in 1900. He at once commenced 
practice as an advocate in St. John's, 
P.Q., in which his talents speedily 
brought him to the fore. He is the author 



of several legal treatises, including "La Loi 
des Licenses de Quebec"; "La Loi pour 
Tous," and a Digest of Montreal Law Reports. 
In 1909 he was appointed magistrate for the 
district of Beauharnois and Iberville, and in 
1917 became Judge of the Sessions of the 
Peace for the District of Montreal. In 1918 
he resigned the latter office to take the very 
very important post of Chairman of the 
Montreal Tramways Commission. He is a 
Liberal in politics, a Roman Catholic in re- 
ligion, and a member of the Knights of Col- 
umbus. In April, 1910, he married Cecile, 
daughter of L. G. Dubois and has one 
daughter, Lisette. 

Boyd, Leslie Hale, B.A., B.C.L., K.C., 

Fort William, Ont., Chairman of the Board 
of Grain Commissioners for Canada, was 
born in Montreal, July 31, 1873, the son of 
Andrew and Georgiana Louisa (Hale) Boyd. 
He was educated at Montreal High School 
and McGill University, graduating B.A. in 
1894, and B.C.L., 1897. He commenced the 
practice of law in his native city and also took 
a prominent part in politics and municipal 
affairs. He was alderman for St. George 
Ward from 1910 to 1917, inclusive, and also 
Life Governor of the Homeopathic Hospital, 
School Trustee, St. Henri; and a member of 
the Protestant Board of School Commission- 
ers, Montreal. On one occasion he unsuc- 
cessfully contested the St. Lawrence division 
for the Quebec Legislature as a Conservative 
candidate. His appointment by the Dominion 
Government to the important post of Chair- 
man of the Board of Grain Commissioners for 
Canada, for which his abilities and experience 
well qualified him, necessitated his removal 
to Fort William. His recreations are golf, 
curling and fishing, and he is a past president 
of the Montreal Amateur Athletic Associa- 
tion. His clubs are the Engineers and Can- 
ada, Montreal; the Kaministiquia, Thun- 
der Bay Golf and Canadian, Fort William. 
Mr. Boyd is a Presbyterian and unmarried. 

Allan, John, Member for the riding of 
West Hamilton in the Ontario Legislature, 
was born at Guelph, Ont., on May 22, 1856, 
the son of James and Agnes (Rodgers) Allan. 
His boyhood was spent in the city of which 
he is now an elected representative, and he 
was educated in the public schools there. 
On leaving school in 1871 he qualified him- 
self for mechanical pursuits with William 
Hancock and John Taylor of Hamilton, 
remaining with them for three years. From 
1874 to 1879 he followed his trade in the 
Western States and in the latter year re- 



moved to New York City. In 1885 he be- 
came a builder on his own account in the 
American metropolis and continued there for 
the next twenty-one years. He prospered to 
an extent that in 1906, at the age of fifty, he 
was able to retire from business and return 
to the city where he had spent his youth and 
for which he had always cherished a deep 
affection. His friends persuaded him to 
enter municipal politics in 1908 and he has 
proven a most useful public servant. He 
was Alderman, 1908-9; Controller, 1910-12; 
Chairman of the Parks Board, 1911; Mayor 
for the years 1913 and 1914. His regime was 
marked by businesslike methods and he was 
popular with all classes of the community. 
In 1914 on the retirement of Sir John Hendrie, 
the present Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, 
who had long represented the riding of West 
Hamilton in the Ontario Legislature, Mr. 
Allan was nominated by the Conservative 
party and elected. As a legislator his 
services as a member of the standing com- 
mittees of the House are especially valued. 
In religion he is a Presbyterian and is a 
member of the following organizations: 
Commercial Club, A. F. & A. M., and 
Knights of Pythias. In 1881 he married 
Catherine, daughter of Conrad Euler. 

Stewart, Charles, first saw the light of 
day in the pioneer homestead, lot 13, con- 
cession 11, Township of Ashfield, County of 
Huron. His father was David Stewart, of 
Caithness, Scotland, and his mother Mary 
McLean, of Ross-shire, Scotland. In 1842 
this estimable Scotch couple set sail for 
Canada, and that same year began their 
pioneer life on the homestead now occupied 
by the subject of this sketch. To their son 
they have imparted their sterling qualities 
of character. Charles Stewart received his 
education in the public schools of his native 
county, but his heart was ever in his chosen 
occupation of farming and he has become one 
of the sterling sons of the soil, proud that he 
knows how to farm and do it well. He is 
unmarried. Studious by nature, his hobby 
has ever been municipal affairs, and for nine 
years he was a member of the municipal 
council. Four of these, 1914-15-16-17, he 
occupied the honored position of reeve, 
retiring in 1918. He was a member of 
Huron's County Council, and there as in 
his own council he was ever found leading 
in movements for forwarding the country's 
interests . He is an advocate of Hydro-Electric 
and Hydro Radials, feeling that the peculiar 
geographical situation of the township in 



which he lives can eventually be served by 
these two important public utilities. He is 
a good debater, states his case with Scotch 
deliberateness, and sticks to his point in 
the face of all opposition, until convinced 
that there might be some better way than 
the one he advocates. Kindly and generous 
by disposition, he has friends by the score, 
and has been attested by his continuous 
representation in the council for so many 
years. He is an ardent admirer of Highland 
games and fond of good driving horses, 
though of late the automobile has superseded 
his once famous pacer. He is perhaps one 
of the most aggressive farmers in his com- 
munity, and his name has from time to time 
been mentioned for parliamentary honors, 
but he has refused to be lured into the wider 
field of political activity. If he should ever 
run and be elected, he will be a distinct asset 
to the farmers of Canada, because he knows 
what they want. He is a member of 
Lucknow Lodge, No. 184, A.F. & A.M. In 
politics he is a Liberal, and in religion a 
Presbyterian. 

Macaulay, Thomas Bassett, F.I.A., 
F.S.A., F.S.S., of Montreal, occupies a high 
position in Canadian finance, and is 
besides an insurance expert of inter- 
national fame. He was born at Hamilton, 
Ont., on June 6, 1860, the son of Robertson 
and Barbara Maria (Reid) Macaulay, and 
educated at Hamilton and Montreal. He 
entered the service of the Sun Life Assurance 
Company of Canada at Montreal in 1877 
and by 1880, when but twenty years of age, 
he had so qualified himself in the science of 
insurance that he was made Actuary. In 
1891 he was appointed Secretary of the 
Company, and in 1898 was elected a Director. 
In 1906 he became Managing Director of 
the Sun Life and in 1915 President, 
succeeding his late father. Under his 
direction the company has enjoyed an 
immense expansion on sound and conserva- 
tive lines, and its President is recognized in 
financial circles the world over as an expert 
in insurance and master of business organiza- 
tion. The head offices are on Dominion 
Square, Montreal, but it has many branches 
in Canada and other parts of the world. Mr. 
Macaulay is a Fellow of the Institute of 
Actuaries of Great Britain, a Charter 
Member of the Actuarial Society of America, 
and a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. 
He was elected Vice-President to represent 
the Actuaries of the United States and 
Canada at the International Congress of 



99 



Actuaries held at Paris in 1900, and again 
at the Congress held in Berlin, Germany, 
1906. He is Past President of the Life In- 
surance Officers' Association of Canada. 
His financial interests are by no means 
confined to insurance however. He is a 
director of The National Trust Company of 
Toronto, a Director of the Dominion Glass 
Company, a Director of the Illinois Traction 
Company, a Director of the Western Rail- 
ways and Light Company, and a Director of 
the Barcelona Railway, Light and Power 
Co. Mr. Macaulay has taken a great inter- 
est in the development of closer relations be- 
tween Canada and other British possessions 
in North America, and is President of the 
Canadian and West Indian League. The 
Navy League of Canada, of which Mr. 
Macaulay is Honorary President, has his 
active support. His chief recreation is 
farming, and his hobby, the breeding of fine 
stock. In religion he is a Congregation- 
alist, and has been twice married, firstly in 
1881 to Henrietta (deceased daughter of 
O. T. Bragg, New Orleans) ; secondly in 1912 
to Margaret (deceased), daughter of Rev. 
William Allen, London, England. He has 
two sons and three daughters, and resides on 
Westmount Boulevard, Westmount, Quebec. 

Clark, Lt.-Col. Hugh, born May 6, 1861, 
at Kincardine Township. A son of Donald 
Clark and Mary MacDougall, both in 
Argyllshire, Scotland; father was a farmer 
and a school teacher. Mother died in 1909, 
father lived to be over 90 years of age. 
Educated at the public school and high school 
Kincardine, from which latter institution he 
graduated in 1887, and taught school for 
three years, 1887 to 1889. In 1890 was 
editor of the "Walkerton Herald," and 
in the same year purchased the "Kincardine 
Review," which he has conducted ever 
since, with the exception of the years 1897 
and 1898, when he was managing editor 
of the "Ottawa Citizen." A member of 
the Legislative Press Gallery in Toronto, 
1900. Entered the Militia of Canada 
in 1892 with a Lieutenant's commission 
and commanded the 32nd Bruce Regi- 
ment as Lt.-Col. from 1906 to 1911. In 
1902 Lt.-Col. Clark was nominated by 
the Conservative party as candidate for 
the Legislative Assembly for Centre Bruce, 
and was elected with a majority of 5; un- 
seated on petition he was re-elected in 
February, 1903 by a majority of 44, and 
re-elected in 1905 by a majority of 317 and 
again in 1908 by a majority of 356. In 



1911 Lt.-Col. Clark resigned his seat in the 
Legislature to contest North Bruce for the 
Federal Parliament and was elected by a 
majority of 82. Re-elected at the general 
election to the House of Commons in 1917 
by a largely increased majority, and became 
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State 
for External Affairs, which he held until No- 
vember, 1918, when he took over the duty 
of Parliamentary Secretary of Soldiers Civil 
Re-establishment. Married September 24, 
1894, to Catherine MacKay, daughter of Dr. 
H. M. Ross of Richard's Landing, Ont., 
and has one son, Hugh Stuart Clark. Has 
a fine reputation as a journalist and is regarded 
as one of the brightest paragraphists in 
the country; he is a particularly effective 
platform speaker and has a clear and con- 
vincing style. He is exceedingly popular 
with all classes in the House and is recog- 
nized as being straightforward in all his 
election methods and business dealings. He 
accompanied Sir Robert L. Borden in 
the campaign of 1908 through Ontario, 
Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and 
Prince Edward Island, and toured the 
Western Provinces with the Premier in 1911. 
Lt.-Col. Clark is recognized as an authority 
on everything affecting the Militia of Canada 
and has lectured on Imperial defence. He 
is a Presbyterian in religion and belongs to 
the following orders: A.F. & A.M.; L.O.L.; 
I.O.O.F.; C.O.F. His principal recreations 
are golfing and bowling. He is a member of 
the Kincardine Club, Albany Club, Toronto, 
Rideau and Royal Ottawa Golf Club, Ottawa. 

Sharpe, Samuel Simpson, Lieut.-Col., 
D.S.O. (Uxbridge,Ont.),sonof George Sharpe, 
of Suffolk, England, and Mary Ann Simpson, 
of County Tyrone, Ireland, born March 13, 
1873, at Zephyr, Township of Scott, County 
of Ontario. Educated at Uxbridge Public 
and High Schools, Toronto University and 
Osgoode Hall; graduated in 1895, degrees 
B.A. and LL.B. Married, August 26, 1903, 
to Mabel E-, daughter of H. A. Crosby and 
granddaughter of Joseph Gould, ex-M.P. for 
North Ontario. Town Solicitor for Uxbridge 
for ten years. He lived and practised his 
profession in Town of Uxbridge, near the 
place of his birth, after being called to the 
bar and achieved a large measure of success. 
Lieut.-Col. Sharpe always took a great in- 
terest in the militia, and was formerly a mem- 
ber of the 34th Regiment, in which he at- 
tained the rank of Major. On the outbreak of 
the war he organized and recruited the 1 16th 
Ontario County Battalion and took it to 



100 







J. G. B. BUTTERWORTH 
Ottawa 



France. He held a fine record for over- 
seas service, having won the D.S.O. and 
having been mentioned in the despatches. 
It is said of Col. Sharpe that he was one of 
the most popular O.C:'s sent from Canada, 
and he never missed an opportunity of look- 
ing after the interests of his men. He re- 
turned to Canada in the end of May, 1918, 
after having seen much hard service, his 
health impaired and succumbed in a few 
weeks to a nervous disorder. He was 
elected to the House of Commons in 1898, 
when he defeated George D. Grant by 200 
majority; re-elected in 1911, when he de- 
feated Major H. M. Mowat, K.C., nephew 
of the late Sir Oliver Mowat, by 588; was 
appointed one of the Ontario Whips by 
Rt. Hon. Sir R. L. Borden, prior to the 
election of 1911, and was returned by a 
large majority at the general elections in 
December, 1917, during his absence at the 
front. Lieut.-Col. Sharpe took an active 
and prominent part in the councils of the 
Conservative Party after he became a 
member of the House, and was recognized 
as a good debater, with a full knowledge 
of National affairs. He was a member 
of the Albany Club, Toronto, and the 
Rideau Club, Ottawa; also a member of 
the Masonic Order, Independent Order of 
Foresters, Sons of England, and Independent 
Order of Oddfellows. He held the Ontario 
championship in tennis for two years and 
the undergraduate championship for one 
year. In religion Lieut-Col. Sharpe was 
a member of the Methodist Church at 
Uxbridge. 

Macaulay, John, Wiarton, Ontario, 
Manager of the Dominion Fish Co., head 
office, Toronto, was born April 13, 1865, 
at Southampton, Ont. He is a son of 
Donald MacAulay, of Stornoway, Scotland, 
and Annie MacLeod, of the same place. 
The father was a fisherman and sailor on 
the great lakes. The subject of this sketch 
received his education in the public schools 
of his native town. Early he began to 
follow in the footsteps of his father, and 
soon became one of the best fishermen on 
the lakes. He had splendid executive 
ability, and this with his tenacity of pur- 
pose soon marked him as a leader in the 
fishing business. The Dominion Fish Co. 
recognized his business acumen and made him 
manager of their extensive business with 
headquarters at Wiarton. Here he is one 
of the most highly esteemed citizens of the 
place. He is a member of Cedar Lodge, 



No. 369, A.F. & A.M., Offanta Preceptory, 
Owen Sound, and a Shriner of Rameses 
Temple, Toronto. His favorite pastimes 
are curling and bowling. In religion he is 
a Presbyterian, and in politics a Liberal. 
He was the Liberal standard bearer in the 
Federal Riding of North Bruce in 1917. 
He married Miss Margaret McLeod, of 
Ripley, Ont. They had a family of three 
sons and two daughters, Graham, Gordon, 
Irvine, May, and Marie (the first three named 
are deceased, the two latter living). 

Lighthall, William Douw, K.C., M.A., 
B.C.L., F.R.S.G., F.R.S.I. (Montreal, P.Q.) 
one of the most widely known of Canadian 
publicists, was born at Hamilton, Ont., Dec. 
27, 1857, the son of William Francis Light- 
hall, Dean of the Notarial Profession in Mon- 
treal, and Margaret Lighthall. His scholas- 
tic career was brilliant; he was gold medallist 
of Montreal High School, and Shakespeare 
Gold Medallist of McGill University. He 
was called to the Bar in 1881, and has almost 
ever since been a prominent figure in both 
the literary and public life of Canada, due to 
the fact that he is a man very fertile in ideas. 
He has an international reputation as a 
municipal reformer, which began with his 
career as Mayor of Westmount, from 1900 
to 1903. In 1901, in conjunction with the 
late Oliver A. Rowland, Mayor of To- 
ronto, he founded the Union of Cana- 
dian Municipalities, which has effected 
a great work of municipal improvement in 
Canada. He was Chairman of the School 
Commission in his city for 1908-9, and is a 
member of the Royal Metropolitan Parks 
Commission, for the planning of a Greater 
Montreal. Mr. Lighthall's literary and 
scientific interests are comprehensive. He 
was Representative Fellow in Arts of McGill 
University, 1911-3, and he originated the 
Society of Canadian Literature, and the 
Chateau de Ramezay Historical Museum. 
As an author his works include: "Thoughts, 
Moods and Ideals" (verse), published in 
1887; "The Young Seigneur, or Nation Mak- 
ing" (a romance), 1888; "Montreal After 
250 Years," 1892; "The False Chevalier" (a 
romance), 1898; "The Glorious Enterprise," 
1902; "Canada, A Modern Nation," 1904; 
"The Master of Life," 1910; as well as 
many Ethical, Historical and Literary 
Pamphlets. He also devised and edited 
"Songs of the Great Dominion," the most 
important existing anthology of Canadian 
verse, up to its date of publication, 1891; and 
also selected and edited the volume, "Can- 
adian Poets," issued in connection with the 



101 



Canterbury Poets series, published in Lon- 
don, Eng., in the early nineties. Mr. Light- 
hall has also been actively interested in mili- 
tary affairs. He served with the College 
Company, Prince of Wales Regiment, Mon- 
treal, 1877-8; in the Victoria Rifles, 1881-3, 
and is a member of the Reserve of that bat- 
talion. He originated the idea of the Great 
War Veterans' Association and, in 1915, was 
a member of the Committee of Friends of the 
Canadian Association of Returned Soldiers. 
He was an ardent advocate of conscription 
in the Great War and when the Government 
decided to adopt this policy, took the plat- 
form in support of it. He is a member of 
many literary, social and scientific societies, 
including the Royal Society of Canada 
(President, 1910), the Royal Society of 
Literature of Great Britain, the Literary 
and Historical Society of Quebec (correspond- 
ing member), the Antiquarian Society of 
Montreal (of which he is President), and the 
following clubs in his home city: Canada, 
Arts, Montreal, Canadian and Univer- 
sity. His recreations include the collection 
of old pictures and camping. He mar- 
ried Cybel, daughter of John Wilkes, and has 
one son, Lieut, W. W. S. Lighthall, of the 
Royal Flying Corps, and 3rd Dorsets, 
who during the late war saw service in 
France, Flanders, Mesopotamia, Macedonia, 
and Palestine. Mr. Lighthall has a resid- 
ence, " Chateau-clair," in Westmount, Que., 
and a summer home, "Highbury," at Lac 
Tremblant, Que. 

Ellis, James Albert, Ottawa, son of 

James and Margaret (Hall) Ellis, and was 
born at Accrington, Lancashire, England, 
June 2, 1864, where he also received his edu- 
cation. He came to Canada in 1885, and 
has resided in Ottawa ever since. He 
was the leader in the establishment of the 
Ottawa Municipal Electric Plant in 1905; 
Public School Trustee from 1898 to 1900; 
Alderman during the years 1901-1903, 1914; 
Controller, 1915; Mayor, 1904-1906, 1913; 
City Treasurer, 1907-1912; member of Local 
Legislature, 1911-1914. He was appointed 
Division Court Clerk in 1916 and a member 
of the Ontario Railway and Municipal 
Board, October, 1918. Shortly afterwards 
he was placed in charge of the Housing 
Scheme of the Province of Ontario as 
Director. Mr. Ellis has been for several 
years Chairman of the Ottawa Hydro-Elec- 
tric Commission. He was President Ottawa 
Horticultural Society, 1911-1912; President 
Ontario Municipal Association, 1906-1907. 



He was many years Secretary of the Ottawa 
Conservative Association, and afterwards its 
President. Mr. Ellis married Catherine Fish- 
wick, daughter of James Fishwick, Accrington, 
Lancashire, England, in September, 1884, 
and has one son and one daughter. He is 
a Conservative in politics and an Anglican 
in religion. His address is 131 Stanley 
Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Roche, Hon. Wm. James, M.D., P.C., 
LL.D., Chairman of the Civil Service 
Commission for Canada, is a native of 
Clandeboye, Middlesex County, Ontario, 
and was born November 30, 1859. He was 
educated at the public schools of Lucan, 
Ont., at London Collegiate Institute, Trinity 
Medical School, Toronto, where he studied 
for three years, completing his course at 
the Western University, London, from which 
he was the first graduate in medicine, and 
where he also took first class honors. The 
hon. degree of LL.D was conferred in 
1911. This was in 1883, and he imme- 
diately went to Minnedosa, Manitoba, 
and engaged in the practice of his profession. 
From 1885 to 1901 he was Territorial Repre- 
sentative for his district on the Manitoba 
Medical Council, and was very popular as 
a physician among the various nationalities 
that constituted the early population of the 
prairie province. He first entered politics 
in 1892 when he was an unsuccessful can- 
didate for the Legislature in the Conservative 
interest. In the Federal Elections of 1896 
he was the nominee of his party for the riding 
of Marquette and was elected after a stiff 
contest. His constituents showed their con- 
fidence in him by returning him to the House 
of Commons at the general elections of 1900, 
1904, 1908 and 1911. When the recently 
chosen Parliament met in 1901 the Con- 
servative caucus chose him as Whip for the 
West, a position he held until 1910 when he 
was elected chief assistant Whip for the Con- 
servative party in the Commons. On the 
formation of the first Borden cabinet in 1911 
he was appointed to the portfolio of Secretary 
of State and was sworn in as a member of the 
Privy Council on October 10 of that year, 
and was re-elected by acclamation. On 
October 27 he was transferred to the port- 
folio of Minister of the Interior and Super- 
intendent of Indian Affairs in succession to 
Hon. Robert Rogers, who at that time be- 
came Minister of Public Works. This post 
he continued to fill until the autumn of 1917 
when on the formation of Union Government 
he accepted the position of Chairman of the 



102 



Civil Service Commission of Canada and 
retired from active politics. In 1916 Western 
University, London, his Alma Mater, hon- 
ored him by making him Chancellor of the 
institution. Dr. Roche is very prominent in 
the Independent Order of Oddfellows, of 
which he was Grand Master for Manitoba in 
1893. In connection with the same Order 
he was a Grand Representative to the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge at Chattanooga, 
Penn., in 1894, and at Atlantic City, N.J., 
in 1895. In 1883 he married Miss Annie E. 
Cook of Toronto. Though long resident in 
Minnedosa he now by virtue of his public 
duties makes his home in Ottawa. 

Mclnnes, William, B.A., F.R.S.C., 
F.G.S.A., Directing Geologist, Geological 
Survey, 37 years ago became a member of 
the Dominion Civil Service. He has ad- 
vanced step by step from one grade to 
another, and to-day occupies the responsible 
position of Directing Geologist, to which 
he - was appointed in 1915. He has 
explored geologically Northern New Bruns- 
wick, Eastern Quebec, Western and Northern 
Ontario, Northern Saskatchewan and por- 
tions of the North-West Territories extending 
to Hudson Bay, and he explored and mapped 
Churchill and Winisk rivers and much of the 
North Country lying between the Canadian 
Pacific Railway and Hudson Bay. Reports 
of these explorations are contained in the 
annual reports of the Geological Survey of 
Canada and in separate memoirs. Mr. 
William Mclnnes is the son of John and 
Rachael Jane Mclnnes, and was born at 
Frederiction, New Brunswick, January 1, 
1858. He was educated at the Collegiate 
School, Frederiction, and the University of 
New Brunswick, graduating in 1879. The 
following clubs claim Mr. Mclnnes as a 
member: the Rideau, Royal Golf and Gati- 
neau Fish and Game. He is a Fellow of the 
Royal Society of Canada, Geological So- 
ciety of America and Canadian Mining 
Institute. His religion is Presbyterian and 
his principal recreation is golf. He resides 
at the Victoria Chambers, 138 to 140 
Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Trahan, Arthur, B.S., K.C. (Nicolet, 
Que.). Born on May 26, 1877, at Nicolet, 
P.Q., son of Narcisse Trahan and Rebecca 
Rousseau, both Canadians. Educated at the 
Nicolet Seminary (B.S.). Married, Sept., 
1902, to Josephine R. Dufresne, daughter of 
H. R. Dufresne, N.P., of Nicolet. He is the 
father of six children: Marie Therese, Made- 



leine, Paul Arthur, Bernard, Jacques ami 
Marcel. Mr. Trahan is an attorney-at-law, 
barrister, solicitor, etc. Was a political 
candidate for the first time at by-election 
held June 2, 1913, to fill vacancy caused by 
the resignation of Hon. C. R. Devlin elected 
for two seats, and was elected by 870 major- 
ity over D. H. Rheault, N.P. Re-elected in 
1916 by acclamation. In November, 1917, 
resigned seat as member of Legislative As- 
sembly to become a Federal candidate. 
Elected by acclamation to the House of 
Commons. Secretary of the Commis- 
sion charged with the revision, consolida- 
tion and modification of the Municipal Code 
of the Province of Quebec (1910-12). In 
1912 was appointed a K.C., and has been 
alderman of the town of Nicolet from 1911 
to 1919. Moved the address in reply to the 
speech from the throne at the session of 1915 
in the Quebec Legislative Assembly. Is a 
Roman Catholic in religion, and a Liberal in 
politics. 

Campbell, Colin, Montreal and St. 
Hilaire, Que., is one of the most widely 
known horsemen of the Dominion and a very 
prominent figure in the social and business 
life of his province. He is a son of Major 
Campbell, C.B., of Inverawe, Scotland, an 
officer of Her Majesty's 7th Hussars and a 
member of the same family as the famous 
Col. Duncan Campbell, of Inverawe, who 
was on the staff of General Lord Howe at 
Ticonderoga, and whose death in that battle, 
and the accompanying psychical phenomena, 
form the theme of one of Robert Louis 
Stevenson's most thrilling ballads. Another 
relative was Col. de Salaberry, who com- 
manded the French-Canadians in their heroic 
resistance at the Battle of Chateauguay in 
the war of 1812. The mother of the subject 
of this sketch was, prior to her marriage, 
Miss Duchesnay of Quebec, and he was born 
at St. Hilaire, on May 28, 1860. He was 
educated at Lennoxville Academy and later 
engaged in business as a merchant with great 
financial success. At the outbreak of the 
great war he organized and commanded 
the Mounted Section of the 1st Regiment of 
Reserve Militia, in which he holds the 
rank of Captain. Strong advocate of and 
keen worker for the "Daylight Saving" meas- 
ure, which was passed in 1 9 1 8. All legitimate 
sports have from youth claimed his enthusi- 
astic support and he is noted not only as a 
breeder of horses, but as a skilled equestrian. 
As a steeplechase rider of his own horses, he 
won the Montreal Hunt Cup on four occa- 



103 



sions and the Allan Cup on three. As an 
expert on the subject of horses he is widely 
known and has acted as Judge at the Olympia 
Horse Show, New York, as well as at similar 
events in Boston, Philadelphia and other 
cities. He is a member of the Montreal 
Board of Trade and of many social organiza- 
tions in that city, including the Mount Royal, 
St. James, Montreal Hunt, Forest and Stream, 
Montreal Jockey, Canada, and Canadian 
Clubs, as well as of St. Andrew's Society. He 
is a Conservative in politics and an Anglican 
in religion. On April 23, 1888, married 
Mabel G., daughter of the late Sir Hugh 
Allan, K.C.B., of Montreal, by whom he has 
had three children, Enid, Phoebie and 
Archie (deceased). 

Goats, Robert Hamilton, Dominion Sta- 
tistician and Controller of the Census, is one 
of the live wires in the employ of the Domin- 
ion Government. At college, in journalism, 
as an author and a writer on economic sub- 
jects, and as a Civil Service employee, he has 
distinguished himself and proved his worth. 
He captured the Bankers' Scholarship in 
Economics and the Wyld Prize in English at 
the Toronto University; and from the time 
of his graduation in 1896, taking the degree 
of B.A. in Classics, to the present, he has 
given tangible evidence of his literary and 
constructive ability. Having served on the 
staff of the "Toronto World" and the To- 
ronto "Globe" from 1898 to 1901, in Janu- 
ary, 1902, he became Associate Editor of the 
"Labor Gazette," the journal of the Depart- 
ment of Labor, afterwards editor, and con- 
tinued in that capacity until 1914. On the 
death of Mr. Archibald Blue, in 1915, he suc- 
ceeded that gentleman as Census Commis- 
sioner. Within a brief period afterwards, 
largely as a development of Mr. Coats' con- 
structive work, the Dominion Bureau of 
Statistics was established by Act of Parlia- 
ment, and its value to the State, under Mr. 
Coats' direction, is duly recognized. Robert 
Hamilton Coats is the son of Robert Coats, 
merchant, and Mary Park. He was born in 
Clinton, Ontario, July 25, 1874, and was 
educated at the Toronto University (B.A., 
1896). He is a contributor to the "Journal 
of Economics" and other economic reviews; 
joint author with R. E. Gosnell of "The Life 
of Sir James Douglas" (Makers of Canada 
Series), 1908; author of "The Labor Move- 
ment in Canada," and of "Special Reports 
on Prices in Canada, 1890-1909-10-11-12 and 
13." In 1912 he was appointed a member of 
the Royal Commission of Official Statistics of 



Canada, and in 1914 a member of the Cost of 
Living Commission. Mr. Coats is a Fellow 
of the Royal Statistical Society of England, 
of the American Statistical Association, 
of the American Economic Association, and 
of the Canadian Political Science Association. 
In June, 1905, Mr. Coats married Marie 
Halboister, of Paris, France. For recreation 
he favors canoeing and ski-ing. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church and re- 
sides at 176 Manor Avenue, Rockcliffe Park, 
Ottawa. 

Marnoch, George Robert, President 
Board of Trade, Lethbridge, Alberta. Born 
in Aberdeen, Scotland, February 19, 1873, 
son of George R. and Barbara Marnoch. 
Educated at Robert Gordon's College, Aber- 
deen. Engaged in the commercial side of 
mechanical engineering, Scotland, and in 
Ceylon, also, in connection with the growing 
and export of tea, rubber and tropical pro- 
ducts, and in the supplying of the building 
and engineering requirements of tea and 
rubber estates, as well as the supplying of 
fertilizers for these crops, 1896-1910; came 
to Canada, 1910; President (honorary office) 
Lethbridge Board of Trade, 1914; re-elected 
1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919; Mem- 
ber of Joint Committee of Commerce and 
Agriculture (The Committee of 25 business 
men and 25 leading farmers) of Western 
Canada; Vice- President, Western Canada 
Irrigation Association; vice-chairman (hon- 
orary office) Victory Loan Southern 
Alberta, 1917, 1918. Married Harriet 
Lund Macdonald (deceased), daughter of 
Alexander Macdonald, October 10, 1904; has 
one daughter. Club: Chinook. Independent 
in politics. Residence, Sherlock Building, 
Lethbridge, Alberta. 

Wright, William J., the late school prin- 
cipal (St. Mary's, Ont.), gave his life for his 
country while serving in the great war as 
Lieutenant of the 19th Canadian Batt., 
C.E.F., in France. He enlisted with the 
110th Perth Batt., in January, 1916, and 
was transferred to the 19th Canadian Bat- 
talion October, 1916. He was killed in action 
on August 18, 1917, while fighting against 
the Prussians in the battle of Hill 70 outside 
Lens, and is buried in the military cemetery 
at Fosse 10, a short distance from Bully- 
Grenay, France. He was born in Oxford 
County, Ont., the son of George and 
Emma Wright, of St. Marys, Ont., was 
educated at St. Marys Public School and 
the Collegiate Institute. Then he attended 



104 




BRIG.-GEN. SIR JOHN_M. GIBSON, K.C.M.G.. M.A., LL.D.. K.C. 



Toronto University, graduating in 1896 with 
the degree of B.A., and in 1897 was granted 
the degree of M.A.; was the winner of the 
Edward Blake Matriculation Scholarship 
and also won the Governor-General's Gold 
Medal of the Toronto University in 1895. 
He was Principal of Niagara High School 
from 1904 to 1909 and from there went to 
Forest, Ont., becoming Principal of the High 
School of that town until 1913, when he 
became Principal of the Collegiate Institute 
of St. Marys, Ont., and at the time of his death 
was Principal-on-leave. Lieut. Wright was a 
frequent contributor to the local papers and 
the author of articles on Canadian literature, 
and the study of poetry in an American 
encyclopaedia. He was married to Mary 
Edith, the daughter of Mr. David Robertson, 
of Fenelon Falls, and left three of a family. 
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church 
and an Independent in politics, with a strong 
leaning towards Liberalism; a member of the 
Niagara Historical Society and fraternally a 
Mason. 

Ward, Lt.-Col. Henry Alfred, Judge 
of the United Counties of Northumberland 
and Durham, is the son of George Charles 
Ward and Harriet Amelia (Brent). His 
father was fifty-four years Registrar of 
the County of Durham, and of East Dur- 
ham, when the County was divided into 
two ridings. He was bora at Port Hope, 
Ont., on August 20, 1849, and educated 
in the local schools of his native town; 
called to the Bar in 1871, and created 
a K.C. in 1908, he successfully practised 
his profession in Port Hope for many years 
and was Mayor for a considerable period. 
Judge Ward is a grandson of Thomas 
Ward, who came from England as Secretary 
to Attorney-General White, in 1792, settled 
in Toronto, and then went to Port Hope, 
where he afterwards became judge of the dis- 
trict of Newcastle. The subject of this sketch 
was for a long period in the Volunteer Military 
Service of Canada, joining the Port Hope 
Rifle Company as a private in 1866; became 
Lieutenant in the 46th Regiment on its 
formation in 1867, and from 1902 to 1909 
was Lieut.-Colonel of the same, and is now 
on the reserve of officers. Entered the 
House of Commons as member for East 
Durham in August, 1885, as successor to 
the late Lieut.-Colonel Arthur T. H. Williams, 
and represented that constituency until 1891; 
he was again elected in 1900. In 1904 he 
defeated the Hon. A. B. Aylesworth for the 
County of Durham, and retired from 
political life in 1908. In 1916 he was 



elevated to the Bench, a post for which 
his experience well qualified him. In refer- 
ring to Lieut.-Colonel Ward the "Montreal 
Standard" said of him: "A genial gentleman, 
but with perhaps too fine a spirit to make a 
great success of the rough and tumble game of 
politics." He is a member of the Masonic Or- 
der. In religion an Anglican, and a mem- 
ber of St. Mark's Church of Port Hope. 
He has always taken an interest in amateur 
sports and was President of the Port Hope 
Baseball Club. Married July, 1895, Annie 
B., of Savannah, Ga., daughter of Major 
John C. Booth of the Confederate Army, 
and is the father of two children, Marjorie 
Lesley and Madeline Aylwin. 

Garland, John L. is one of the most 
prominent business men of Ottawa and 
President of the firm of John M. Garland, 
Son & Co., Ltd., wholesale dry goods 
merchants, Queen and O'Connor Streets 
in that city. He was born at Ottawa on 
January 9, 1867, the son of John M. and 
Isabella (McKinnon) Garland. He was 
educated at Ottawa Collegiate Institute 
and by private tuition in England. 
In 1884 he began his business career as 
a clerk in the firm founded by his 
father and of which he is now the head. 
He became Senior Partner, December, 1906. 
Mr. Garland as a young man took a deep 
interest in military affairs and organized 
"F" Company of the Governor-General's 
Foot Guards of Ottawa, in which he held the 
commission of Captain from 1896 to 1903. 
He is a member of the following clubs: 
Rideau, Ottawa Hunt and Royal Ottawa 
Golf. In religion he is a Presbyterian and 
in politics a Conservative. On January 18, 
1888, he married Joanna, daughter of John 
Hancock, Ottawa, and has three sons and 
four daughters. He resides at 450 MacLaren 
Street, in the Canadian capital. 

Pringle, Robert Abercrombie, K.G., 

one of the leaders of the Ottawa Bar, was 
bora at Cornwall, Ont., December 15, 1855, 
the son of J. F. and Isabella (Fraser) Pringle. 
He was educated at the public and high 
schools of Cornwall, at Queen's University, 
Kingston, and Osgoode Hall, Toronto. He 
was called to the Bar of Ontario in 1881 and 
practised in his native town from 1883 until 
1911. In 1906 he was created King's 
Counsel. In 1911 he removed to the capital 
and established his present practice, and is 
head of the firm of Pringle, Thompson, 
Burgess and Cote, Barristers and Solicitors, 
Quebec Bank Building, 122 Wellington 



105 



Street, Ottawa. He has been entrusted 
by the Federal Government with several 
important commissions, notably that to 
inquire into news print prices and the 
paper industry generally in 1918. Mr. 
Pringle has also been a prominent figure in 
the politics of Eastern Ontario and is a 
lifelong Conservative. As candidate for that 
party he was elected to the House of Com- 
mons for the riding of Stormont in 1900 and 
proved one of the most useful members of 
the then Opposition. He was re-elected in 
1904, but defeated at the general elections 
of 1908. In 1911 he was again tendered the 
party nomination by his own supporters, 
but having decided to enter into practice 
in Ottawa, declined. As a member of the 
House his courteous bearing and solid attain- 
ments made him generally liked by colleagues 
of all shades of opinion. He is an Anglican 
in religion. His chief recreation is motor 
boating. He belongs to the Masonic Order 
and is a member of the following clubs: 
Rideau, Royal Ottawa Golf and Albany 
(Toronto). In 1884 he married Ada, daugh- 
ter of I. H. Vanarsdale, and has two sons. 
He resides at 232 Daly Avenue, Ottawa. 

Scott, William Duncan, Superintendent 
of Immigration for the Government of 
Canada, is one of the best known citizens of 
this country both at home and in other lands. 
He was born at Dundas, Ont., on October 
7, 1861, the son of James and Margaret 
(McEwen) Scott. He was educated at 
Dundas High School and subsequently 
entered a law office with a view to qualifying 
himself for the legal profession. He did 
not, however, complete his studies, for the 
virgin country of Manitoba, which was just 
then being opened up to the world, called 
him, as in the case of many another young 
man, from Eastern Canada. He went West 
in 1881 at the age of twenty and entered the 
service of the Canadian Pacific Railway, 
then in course of construction, and later was 
employed by the Manitoba Government. 
In 1887 he was appointed Immigration Agent 
for that government with offices at Winnipeg. 
In 1895 he removed to the city of Toronto 
and continued to act as Immigration Agent 
for Manitoba in that city, incidentally 
helping to populate the prairie province with 
many desirable settlers. His general know- 
ledge of the resources of Canada and his 
qualities of good-fellowship led to his appoint- 
ment as Canadian Commissioner at the 
Paris Exposition of 1899; and from thence 
until 1903 he acted in a similar capacity at 



other International exhibitions, at which 
the Government of Canada was represented 
by displays and bureaus of information. In 
the latter year he was appointed Super- 
intendent of the Immigration Branch of the 
Department of the Interior and removed to 
Ottawa where he has ever since resided. The 
period of Mr. Scott's appointment was that 
in which immigration to the Canadian North- 
West not only from Europe but from the 
United States was at its zenith and he was 
very active in assisting to build up popula- 
tion in the new provinces of Alberta and 
Saskatchewan. In 1911 the post of Chief 
Controller of Chinese Immigration under 
treaties newly effected with the Government 
of China was added to his duties, and he is 
now the most important factor in all branches 
of immigration in this country, with a large 
staff under his control. In addition to his 
official labors he pursues the calling of a 
practical farmer. He is a Presbyterian in 
religion and his recreation is indicated by the 
fact that he is a member of the Royal Ottawa 
Golf and Laurentian Clubs. He is also a 
member of the A. F. & A. M. 

Askwith, John E., is Ottawa's Police 
Magistrate, to which position he was ap- 
pointed by the Ontario Government, April 
23, 1918. Mr. Askwith was born in Ottawa 
and, practically, Ottawa has remained his 
home to this day. For forty years Mr. Ask- 
with was in business as a contractor, both on 
structural and railway work and the Govern- 
ment Bureau, the Halifax Armory, and many 
other public buildings bear testimony to his 
zeal. He has been of considerable benefit and 
has rendered good services to the city of Otta- 
wa in more ways than one. ' For eleven years 
he sat in the City Council as representative for 
Rideau Ward. He served as Chairman of 
the Parks Commission and had much to do 
in the acquisition of Rockliffe Park. In 
1901 the Conservatives of Russell County 
selected him as their candidate for the House 
of Commons and, while he met with defeat, 
he gave his opponent a sharp contest. For 
three years he was President of the Associa- 
tion for the Blind and was and is a hard 
worker in the interest of the Protestant Old 
Men's Home. His contributions to the vari- 
ous Ottawa Public Institutions are numerous 
and his attentions to them so constant and 
earnest that he is rightfully called an unmis- 
takeable philanthropist. Following in his 
father's footsteps as an enthusiast for Volun- 
teer Military Service, Mr. Askwith served for 
seven years in the Ottawa Field Battery, and 



106 



on two occasions marched to the front in de- 
fence of home and country. Even now he 
walks with the military stride. Mr. Askwith 
was appointed Deputy Magistrate in 1907, 
and since 1916 up to the time when he re- 
ceived his promotion in March, 1918, had to 
administer the law alone as during the inter- 
vening time Magistrate O'Keefe was too ill 
to attend Court, and no Deputy was ap- 
pointed. In addition, as Deputy Magistrate, 
Mr. Askwith presided over the Juvenile Court, 
and is doing so even now, and it is owing 
to his sound judgment and fatherly consid- 
eration for erring youngsters that a vast im- 
provement has taken place in the conduct of 
the Juveniles in the city. In the Police Court 
as well as in the Juvenile Court he has been 
stern and wise in his decisions. He metes 
out law and justice with common sense and 
discretion and never allows technicalities or 
quibbles to interfere with his disposal of cases, 
and he holds the explicit confidence of the 
public. Magistrate John E. Askwith was 
born of English parents, in 1841, and was 
educated in the Little Red School House in 
Ottawa. On September 26, 1865, he mar- 
ried Annie, daughter of the late John Fother- 
ingham, and has two sons, William R. and 
John F., who is a Lieutenant in service in 
France; he is 36 years old and in 1915 en- 
listed with a company from McGill Univer- 
sity to reinforce the Princess Pats, but was 
transferred to a Western Battalion. He went 
through several important engagements in 
which the Canadian Forces took part, includ- 
ing Vimy Ridge; and two daughters Mar- 
garet F., and Bessie, who is married to O. E. 
Culbert, Barrister, Calgary. In religion Mr: 
Askwith is a Protestant, and in politics a 
Conservative. He resides at 24 Alexander 
Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 

Nickle, William Folger, K.C., B.A. 

(Kingston, Ont.). Was born at Kingston, 
Dec. 31, 1869, son of William Nickle (Scotch), 
and Ellen Mary Folger (American). Edu- 
cated at private schools, Kingston Collegiate 
Institute, Queen's University and Osgoode 
Hall; graduated from Queen's with degree 
of B.A. in 1892; called to the Bar, Osgoode 
Hall, 1895; member of legal firm of Nickle, 
Farrell & Day, Kingston. He was twice 
married: first, September 11, 1895, to Agnes 
Mary, daughter of Joseph McAdam, St. 
Thomas; second, June 6, 1911, to Katharine 
Louise, daughter of Rev. D. D. Gordon, 
Principal of Queen's University. Five chil- 
dren, William McAdam 1897, Douglas Joseph 
1899, Evelyn Marion 1902, Alexander 



Gordon 1916, and Catherine Maclennan 
Nickle 1918. He is a member of the follow- 
ing clubs: Kingston, Country, Yacht, Fron- 
tenac, The Rideau, Ottawa and the Toronto 
Club; is also a Mason, Oddfellow and a 
member of the Sons of Scotland. Mr. Nickle 
takes an active interest in all amateur sports. 
He is trustee of Queen's University, Gover- 
nor of Kingston Hospital; elected to the 
Kingston School Board in 1895, City Council 
in 1896, and again in 1897, for three years. 
He was member of the Legislative Assembly 
of Ontario for Kingston from 1908 to 1911, 
when he resigned seat to contest same con- 
stituency at the general election for the 
House of Commons, and was elected as 
the Liberal-Conservative candidate, and 
re-elected at the general elections in 
December, 1917. He is a Presbyterian in 
religion. The member for Kingston has 
played a very active part in the city of 
his birth and has been prominently identified 
with the municipal, educational and social 
life, and has carved a secure place in the con- 
fidence and respect of his fellow-citizens. 
He has greatly distinguished himself in pub- 
lic life, for which he has displayed much 
talent, and his sterling integrity is recognized 
by his fellow-members in the House of 
Commons. Mr. Nickle is a forceful speaker, 
with a convincing style and a pleasing and 
magnetic personality. His career in the 
House of Commons has been marked by a 
spirit of independence and adherence to 
conviction. In 1913 he took issue with the 
Government on the granting of certain 
additional aid to the Canadian Northern 
Railway; and maintained that if the people 
had to build the railroads they should own 
and operate them. His position at that time 
has since been justified overwhelmingly by 
public sentiment and the general course of 
events. In April of 1918 Mr. Nickle once 
more achieved great prominence as the 
effective voice of the Canadian people in 
connection with the titles controversy. 
He introduced a motion in the House of 
Commons requesting that representations be 
made to the Imperial Government that 
hereafter no hereditary titles should be 
granted in Canada. In a speech replete with 
convincing historical detail on the obsolete 
nature of hereditary honors he also stated 
his conviction that it would be better if no 
further titular distinctions of any kind were 
granted, except those of an officiary charac- 
ter. He felt, however, that public sentiment 
on the question was not sufficiently ripe to 
permit him to jeopardize his resolution on 



107 



the subject of hereditary honors, by making 
it as wide as his personal views would indicate. 
Subsequently Mr. R. L. Richardson, M.P. 
for Richmond, Manitoba, moved a resolution 
demanding that no titular honors of any 
kind be granted thereafter. This was de- 
feated on the Prime Minister declaring it 
to be a want-of-confidence motion. On this 
motion Mr. Nickle was placed in the peculiar 
position of having to abandon the Govern- 
ment or his personal convictions, but de- 
cided to stick by conviction. Another 
broad principle that was discussed as a result 
of Mr. Nickle 's original motion was whether 
the Government of Canada should not be 
consulted before titular distinctions were 
conferred by the Crown on Canadians resi- 
dent in this country. The Prime Minister, 
Sir Robert Borden, announced that he had 
accepted this principle, except in connection 
with military honors, so that Mr. Nickle may 
be regarded as having materially aided in 
checking an abuse which was becoming a 
cause of public unrest, by precipitating dis- 
cussion of the matter. 

Tory, John A. (Toronto), one of the leading 
life insurance men of Canada, was born at 
Guysboro', N.S., November 17, 1869, the 
son of Robert K. and Anora (Ferguson) 
Tory. He was educated at the public school 
of his native town, at the Guysboro' Academy 
and Halifax Business College. He com- 
menced his business career at the age of 
eighteen as a clerk in the establishment of 
D. G. Kerm, Antigonish, N.S., where he 
remained from 1887 to 1890. In the latter 
year he joined the staff of A. N. Whiten & 
Sons, Canso, N.S., becoming Manager of the 
business in 1892. His entry into the insur- 
ance field was made in 1895 when he became 
Inspector of the Sun Life Insurance Company 
of Canada for West Indies and part of South 
America. In 1897 he was transferred to 
Detroit and became manager of the company 
for the State of Michigan where he remained 
until 1908, when he was transferred to the 
management of the Toronto office of the 
Company. He has been instrumental in 
widely extending the power and influence of 
the Sun Life in Canada. Mr. Tory is keenly 
interested in all movements for social better- 
ment, and particularly in building up a clean 
and healthy manhood in this country. He 
is a Director of the Y.M.C.A. and also a 
member of the Social Service Commission. 
He is a member of the following clubs in his 
adopted city: National, Royal Canadian 
Yacht, Queen City, Canadian, and Empire. 



His recreations are tennis and motoring, and 
in politics he is a Liberal. He is a Methodist 
and on December 28, 1898, married Abbie G., 
daughter of Dr. Buckley, Guysboro', N.S., 
by whom he has two sons. Mr. and Mrs. 
Tory reside at 17 Elm Ave., Rosedale, Tor- 
onto, and have a summer home at Guysboro', 
N.S. 

Chisholm, William Craig, K.C. (West- 
mount, Quebec), Barrister-at-law, was born 
at Port Hope on August 20, 1864, his parents 
being His Honor Judge Chisholm, of Kitch- 
ener, and Mary Craig Chisholm. Educated 
at Port Hope High School and Toronto Uni- 
versity, from which latter institution he 
graduated in 1885 with the degree of B.A., 
and first-class honors in Classics. Was 
created a K.C. in 1908. Mr. Chisholm was 
Assistant City Solicitor of the city of Toronto 
from 1891 to 1895, when he became City 
Solicitor, and was in private practice in 
Toronto from 1909 to 1913, in which 
latter year he was appointed General 
Solicitor for the Grand Trunk Railway 
System. He was a member of the Ex- 
ecutive of the Ontario Municipal Association 
from 1907 to 1909. On June 30, 1894, he 
married Gertrude Foster, daughter of the 
late James Foster, of Guelph, and is the 
father of the following children: Capt. J. F. 
Chisholm, Royal Air Force, D.S.C., D.F.C. 
(killed in action near Arras Sept. 7, 1918); 
Duncan Gavin, Mary, Helen and Harry. In 
religion Mr. Chisholm is a Presbyterian, and a 
Conservative in politics. He is a member of the 
following clubs: University, Thistle Curling 
Club, Kanawaki Golf Club, Montreal; Uni- 
versity Granite, Toronto; and Rideau, Ot- 
tawa. His recreations are golf, curling and 
lawn bowling. 

Tetreault, Joseph Sylvini (Sherbrooke, 
Que.), Notary Public, was born at Ste. 
Madeleine, County of St. Hyacinthe, Que- 
bec, Feb. 9, 1877, the son of Napoleon and 
Ombeline (Durocher) Tetreault. He was 
educated at St. Hyacinthe Seminary and 
Laval University and took up practice as a 
notary in Sherbrooke, in 1900. Ever since 
he has been a prominent figure in the social 
and municipal life of that city. He has rep- 
resented the West Ward in the City Council 
since 1914 and is very prominent in many 
French-Canadian organizations, taking a 
strong interest in sports and in all measures 
to promote mutual goodwill among the 
French and English people. He is Grand 
President of L'Union St. Joseph du Canada, 



108 



with head office at Ottawa, a mutual and 
benevolent society which has built up a mem- 
bership of 28,000 since 1908 and of which he 
was a director before his promotion to the 
presidency. He is also a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, of 1'Alliance Nationale, 
and L'Union St. Joseph de Sherbrooke, and 
Secretary of the Chambre de Commerce 
Canadienne Francaise du District de St. 
Francois. He is Major of the 54th Cara- 
bineers of Sherbrooke, a Roman Catholic and 
an Independent in politics. On Sept. 4, 1906, 
he married Lena, daughter of S. J. and Marie 
(Simard) Caron, by whom he has had three 
children, Rejane, Marielle and Adrienne. 

Cody, Hon. Henry John, B.A., M.A., 
D.D., LL.D., Rector of St. Paul's Anglican 
Church, Toronto, and Minister of Education 
of the Province of Ontario, was born at 
Embro, Ontario, on December 6, 1868, his 
parents being E. J. Cody and Margaret L. 
(Torrance). Educated at Gait Collegiate 
Institute and Toronto University, where he 
had a most distinguished career, winning the 
gold medal in classics, first-class honors in 
Mental and Moral Philosophy and Civil 
Polity, and Wyld Prizeman in English Essay. 
After graduation, was Classical Master of 
Ridley College, at St. Catharines, then Pro- 
fessor of Church History and Systematic 
Theology, and also lecturer in Latin and ex- 
aminer in classics, Toronto University. Is 
Rector of St. Paul's Church, Toronto, and 
Archdeacon of York, and Canon of St. 
Alban's Cathedral. Was elected Bishop of 
Nova Scotia, but declined the preferment in 
1904. Was a member of the Royal Commis- 
sion on the reorganization of The University 
of Toronto, 1905-6, and a member of The 
Ontario Commission on Unemployment, 
1914-15. One of the founders of Havergal 
Ladies' College, Toronto. In May, 1918, on 
the resignation of the Hon. Dr. R. A. Pyne 
as Minister of Education of Ontario, Dr. 
Cody was invited by Premier Hearst to 
assume the duties of that most important 
portfolio and, on May 23, he was sworn in 
as Minister of Education of the Province and 
at once took up his duties, and was subse- 
quently nominated for the riding of North 
East Toronto. His election was opposed by 
Sergt. William Varley, a popular soldier, who 
had distinguished himself overseas on active 
service. Dr. Cody was returned by a very 
large majority. The Minister of Education 
has special gifts for the office he has been 
called upon to fill. His wide learning and 
eminence as a scholar, his tireless energy and 



organizing ability, caused his selection to be 
acceptable by all classes and few Canadians 
occupy a more secure place in the confidence, 
respect and esteem of their fellows. Splen- 
didly informed in all great National ques- 
tions and a brilliant orator, his services have 
been in constant demand. Shortly after 
assuming the duties of his present position, 
the Minister, at the request of the Premier, 
made a trip overseas and visited the soldiers 
in the firing line for the express purpose of 
familiarizing himself with the conditions 
existing at the front, with a view to make his 
Department more efficient in the reconstruc- 
tion period after the war. The Minister also 
conferred with leading educationalists in 
England and acquired a vast amount of use- 
ful and necessary information. Hon. Dr. 
Cody holds the rank of Lieu tenant- Colonel 
in the Canadian Militia, is Senior Chaplain 
of the Queen's Own Rifles, and is recognized 
as one of the outstanding figures in the Can- 
adian public life. In 1894 he married Flor- 
ence L., daughter of the late H. E. Clarke, 
M.P.P., and has one son, Henry Maurice 
Cody, Captain in C.A.M.C. 

Roadhouse, William Albert, Deputy 
Minister of Agriculture ior the Province of 
Ontario, was born at Malton, Peel County, 
Ontario, July 25, 1880, the son of Neriah 
and Elizabeth Roadhouse. He was educated 
at the Malton and Brampton public schools 
and on leaving school became what so many 
men afterwards famous in many fields of 
activity have been "A printer's devil" in 
the office of the Brampton "Conservator," 
where he spent six years under Samuel 
Charters, now member of the House of Com- 
mons for Peel. While working in the print- 
ing department he also wrote local items and 
on leaving the "Conservator," took up news- 
paper work, joining the staff of the "Evening 
Telegram" in 1902. While with that paper 
he represented it in the Legislative Press 
Gallery. Subsequently he spent a year in 
London, England, as correspondent of the 
Canadian Associated Press, "covering" the 
general election in Britain in 1905-6 for the 
Canadian papers. On his return to Canada 
he rejoined the "Evening Telegram" staff 
and continued as a member of it till June 1, 
1909, when he was appointed Secretary to 
the Minister and Department of Agriculture. 
During the same year he served as Secretary 
to the Ontario Government Milk Commission. 
On the retirement of the late C. C. James, 
L.L.D.. from the position of Deputy Minister, 
March 1, 1912, Mr. Roadhouse was promoted 



109 



to his present position being probably the 
youngest man ever appointed a Deputy Mini- 
ster in the Province of Ontario. He has made 
many addresses and contributed numerous 
articles to the press on the subjects with which 
he is specially familiar. He married, July 3, 
1912, Lillian Maud Wyndow, daughter of Wm. 
Wyndow, Toronto. He is a Protestant and 
a member of the A.F. & A.M. In his deal- 
ings with the public, Mr. Roadhouse is ex- 
tremely courteous while in the conduct of 
his department, his guiding idea seems to 
be clear cut thinking and practical action. 
His address is Parliament Bldgs., Toronto. 

Poulin, Stanislas, K.C., Advocate of St. 
John's, Quebec, is a son of N. Poulin, farmer, 
and Marie Surpremant, his wife. He was 
born at Stottsville, Que., on August 2, 1881, 
and was educated at Montreal College, 
L'Assomption College and Laval University. 
From the latter institution he graduated in 
1905 with the degrees of B.A. and L.L.L. 
He entered the practice of law in St. John's 
shortly after his admission to the Bar, and 
has been solicitor for that city since 1913. 
In 1916 he was appointed King's Counsel on 
the recommendation of the Prime Minister 
of Quebec, Sir Lomer Gouin. He has dis- 
tinguished gifts as a public speaker and is a 
Liberal in politics. As a member of that 
party he was induced to run for the Legisla- 
ture in 1913, but was defeated by a fellow 
Liberal. In religion he is a Roman Catholic, 
and was married on April 23, 1907, to Corinne, 
daughter of Hon. Justice A. N. Charland, 
Judge of the Superior Court,. St. John's, 
Quebec. He has two children, Claire, born 
June 24, 1909, and Simone, Oct. 26, 1912. 

Kent, Controller Joseph, is the Account- 
ant, etc., in the Ottawa River Works Office, 
a branch of the Department of Public Works 
of Canada. He has held that position for many 
years and is considered by those in authority 
a reliable and painstaking official. He is a 
Justice of the Peace for the County of Carle- 
ton, and is Chairman of the Grounds and 
Buildings Committee of the Central Canada 
Exhibition Association. During the years 
1911-1912 he represented, as Alderman, Cen- 
tral Ward, in the Ottawa City Council, and 
was elected for the years 1913, 1914, 1916, 
1917, 1918 and 1919, as one of the four Control- 
lers in charge of Civic Affairs. For years pre- 
vious to his aspiring to civic honors he was a 
conspicuous figure in all kinds of sports and 
was active and skilled in the games of lacrosse, 
football, etc. As an Alderman he was one of 



the men that never faltered in his duty and 
his value to the city may well be judged by 
the number of years he has been elected as 
Controller. Controller Kent is the son of 
the late William and Martha (Wallace) 
Kent. He was born in Quebec City on 
January 28, 1864, and was educated in 
the Public and High Schools. Mr. Kent, 
in 1885, married Nellie Edna Whitney, 
daughter of Phillip P. Whitney, of Ottawa, 
Ontario. He is a member of the Rideau 
Curling Club and the Canadian Club, and 
of the C.O.F., A.O.U.W., societies, and Past 
Master of Civil Service Lodge, number 148, 
A.F. & A.M.. His residence is 184 Second 
Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Baillie, Sir Frank, K.B.E., Toronto, 
one of the most eminent of the younger 
generation of Canadian business men, and 
who rendered very important service in the 
matter of munition production during the 
great war, was born at Toronto on August 19, 
1875. He is the son of John and Marian 
(Wilton) Baillie, and was educated in his 
native city. He commenced his business 
career as a clerk in the offices of the Central 
Canada Loan and Savings Company, Tor- 
onto, and later became private secretary to 
the eminent capitalist, the late Senator 
George A. Cox, in which capacity he ob- 
tained a very close insight into modern 
methods of business organization. In 1896 
he was appointed accountant of the Central 
Canada Loan and Savings Company, and was 
successively promoted to Secretary (1898) 
and Assistant Manager (1901) of the same 
corporation. In 1902 he became General 
Manager of the newly incorporated Metro- 
politan Bank, being probably the youngest 
man ever placed in full managerial control 
of a chartered bank in the history of this 
country. In 1903 he founded the firm of 
Baillie, Wood & Croft, stock brokers, and 
members of the Toronto Stock Exchange. 
His position as an industrial leader began in 
1910 with the organization of the Burlington 
Steel Company of Hamilton, Ont., of which 
he is still President. In 1912 he organized the 
Bankers Bond Company, Limited, Toronto, 
and in the same year the Dominion Steel Foun- 
dry Company of Hamilton, Ont. Shortly after 
the commencement of the European War in 
1914 he organized the Canadian Cartridge 
Co., Ltd., of Hamilton, of which he is Pres- 
ident, to undertake the much needed work 
of manufacturing cartridge cases for the 
British Government. He personally equipped 
himself with knowledge of the technical work 



110 



of munition making and so successful did he 
prove as an industrial organizer that he was 
able within two years to return to the 
British Government over $750,000 profits 
earned from war contracts, as a patriotic 
gift. Subsequently the Canadian Cartridge 
Company engaged in the manufacture of 
anti-aircraft cases for the United States 
Government on a large scale. In December, 
1916, Sir Frank was appointed Director 
of Aviation for Canada, and in the 
same month acting for the British Govern- 
ment, organized and became President of 
Canadian Aeroplanes, Limited, which cor- 
poration manufactured aeroplanes for the 
Royal Air Force in Canada and flying boats 
for the American Government. On January 
9, 1918, shortly after the institution by His 
Majesty of the Order of the British Empire, to 
honor those who had rendered distinguished 
service in the prosecution of the war, the sub- 
ject of this sketch was created a Knight Com- 
mander of that Order. Sir Frank is essentially 
an outdoor man and his recreations include 
golf, motoring, curling and yachting. He is 
a member of the following clubs: National, 
Toronto, Albany, Lambton Golf and Country, 
Mississauga Golf and Royal Canadian Yacht 
Club, Toronto; Victoria Club.Hamilton, and 
Hamilton Golf, Hamilton. In politics he is 
independent and in religion an Anglican. 
On June 8, 1900, he married Edith Julia, 
daughter of the late Aubrey White, C.M.G., 
for many years Deputy Minister of Lands 
and Mines for Ontario. He has three sons, 
Aubrey Wilton, born July 6, 1908, Frank 
Wilton, born November 4, 1913, and James 
Wilton, bora December 1, 1918; and 
two daughters, Marion Wilton, born April 
23, 1901, and Edith Wilton, born October 1, 
1904. He resides at 146 Crescent Road, 
Toronto. 

McCuaig, Clarence James, Montreal, 
P.Q., Stockbroker. Born in Quebec City 
September 1, 1855, educated at Ontario 
College, Picton. Married Emma Margaret, 
daughter of the late J. C. Rykert, Q.C., St. 
Catharines, Ont., and has three sons: Lieut.- 
Col. D. Rykert McCuaig, D.S.O., Brig.- 
General G. Eric McCuaig, C.M.G., D.S.O., 
and Major Clarence N. McCuaig. Mr. 
McCuaig is Honorary Colonel of the 53rd 
Regiment. In 1896 he bought a seat in the 
Montreal Stock Exchange, the firm later 
becoming McCuaig Bros. & Co., in which 
the three sons are partners. He organized 
the Sherbrooke Railway & Power Company 
and the Southern Canada Power Company, 



of both of which he was President, but re- 
tired from these positions to devote himself 
to the business of the firm during the absence 
of his three sons overseas. He is a director of 
the Ottawa Light, Heat & Power Co., and 
is a member of St. James, Canada, Montreal, 
Hunt, Forest & Stream, Royal St. Lawrence, 
and Royal Montreal Golf Clubs in Montreal, 
and of the Rideau Club, Ottawa. He is a 
Protestant in religion and a Conservative in 
politics. 

Tessier, Auguste Maurice, Barrister, 
Rimouski. Born 20th of July, 1879, at 
Rimouski, Que. Son of the Honorable Judge 
Auguste Tessier of the Superior Court, and 
his wife, Conine Gauvreau, both French- 
Canadians. His grandfather was the Honor- 
able U. J. Tessier, Judge of the Court of 
King's Bench, Quebec. Mr. Tessier was 
educated at Quebec Seminary and Laval 
University, receiving degrees, B.A. (1898), 
LL.M. with very great distinction (1901). 
Married, February 7, 1907, to Yvonne, 
daughter of Sir Alexandre Lacoste, former 
Chief Justice Court of King's Bench, Mon- 
treal. He is a director of Rimouski 
Land Co., and the Canada and Gulf 
Terminal Railway Co., Rimouski, and Cie 
Fonderie de Mont Joli. Admitted to the 
bar July, 1907, having studied in the office 
of Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Quebec; prac- 
tised his profession first at Richmond, with 
Hon. P. S. G. Mackenzie, and at Rimouski 
since 1905; senior member of the law firm of 
Tessier & Cote. Was Crown Prosecutor for 
the District of Rimouski, 1909-1913. Created 
K.C. in 1912. Is Mayor of the parish of 
Rimouski, Warden of the County of Rim- 
ouski, and President of the Agricultural 
Society of the County of Rimouski and has 
been Warden of the County. First elected 
to the legislature at the general elections, 
1912, as a Liberal for the riding of Rimouski 
and still continues to represent the County, 
being re-elected in May, 1916. A Roman 
Catholic in religion, he is the father of two 
children, Yves and Maurice. He is a member 
of the following clubs: Montreal Reform, 
Quebec Garrison, Snellier Fish and Game 
Club, Kidgewick Game Club. 

Cane, James Gilbert, 97 Delaware Ave., 
Toronto, and one of the best known business 
men of that city, was born at Weston, Ont., 
the son of Martin and Nancy (Morrison) 
Cane. He was educated at Weston Gram- 
mar School, and as a youth had a thorough 
business training. Subsequently he engaged 



111 



in the wholesale lumber business on his own 
account and built up one of the most exten- 
sive connections in Toronto. As a young 
man he took an active interest in military 
matters and enlisted in the Royal Grenadiers. 
As a member of that famous regiment he 
served in the North- West Rebellion of 1885. 
He was present at the actions of Fish Creek 
and Batoche, and was awarded the medal for 
that campaign. Subsequently on the form- 
ation of the 48th Highlanders of Toronto he 
became an active member of that battalion. 
Mr. Cane is a Liberal in politics, though he 
has never been a violent partizan. At the 
legislative by-election for North- West Tor- 
onto in 1916 when Hon. W. D. McPherson 
sought re-election, on his elevation to the 
post of Provincial Secretary, Mr. Cane, on 
account of his universal popularity was 
induced to become a sacrifice candidate in 
order that the party organization might be 
kept alive. The contest that ensued was one 
of the cleanest and most courteous ever con- 
ducted in Canada, the two candidates being 
on terms of personal friendship; and Mr. 
Cane polled a vote that surprised many 
purely on his personal qualities. Mr. Cane 
is a Protestant in religion and a member of 
the Masonic Order. He married Margaret 
B., daughter of the late Andrew Henderson 
of Toronto, and has ten children, James M., 
Donald A., William, Charles, Gordon G., Nel- 
lie, Margaret, Annie, Nora and Lillian. Three 
of his sons, James, William and Charles, saw 
service with the Canadian army overseas 
in the great war and won honorable records. 

Wilkes, Alfred John, LL.B. K.C., 

(Brantford, Ont.) is a distinguished member 
of the Ontario bar, and prominent in the 
commercial and social activities of his native 
City, where he was born on December 15, 
1847. He is the son of the late Lieut.- 
Colonel James Wilkes, formerly City Treas- 
urer of Brantford. His father was a native 
of , Birmingham, England, who came to 
Canada in 1821, and carried on a mercantile 
business in the City of Toronto until 1823, 
(muddy Little York then had a population 
of 800 and only three brick houses), when 
he removed to the site of the present 
City of Brantford, continued his business as 
a general merchant, and was for twenty- 
six years City Treasurer. His mother, 
Eliza (Elliot) Wilkes, was a Canadian by 
birth. Educated at the Public and High 
Schools of Brantford until the age of sixteen, 
the subject of this sketch matriculated at 
Osgoode Hall, at the age of sixteen, and 



commenced the study of law, being articled 
to Hon. S. H. Blake, of the then legal firm 
of Blake, Kerr, and Wells, Toronto, and was 
called to the bar in 1869, heading the list, at 
the early age of twenty-one. Subsequently 
the degree of LL.B. was conferred on him 
by Toronto University on passing the usual 
examinations. Returning to Brantford on 
being admitted to the bar, he entered 
into practice with the late Daniel Brooke, 
for three years. Then, after practising one 
year alone, he formed a partnership with 
Hon. Arthur Sturgis Hardy, late Premier of 
Ontario, which continued from 1873 to 1898, 
In 1890 Mr. Wilkes was created a Queen's 
Counsel by the Ontario Government, a 
distinction richly merited. In 1894 he 
became Acting County Crown Attorney, 
and five years afterwards was appointed 
to that office, and on the 3rd of Jan- 
uary, 1885, was gazetted Deputy Judge 
of Brant County, acting for the late Judge 
Jones, once for three months and again for 
six months. Mr Wilkes enjoys an enviable 
distinction in the legal profession and has long 
had a large and successful practice; was 
City Solicitor, in partnership with Hon. A. 
S. Hardy, and later also with Lt.-Col. Jones 
and the present Judge Alex. D. Hardy of 
Brant County from 1873, and only recently 
resigned on account of advancing years; was 
also solicitor for Water ous Engine Works 
Company and for late Bank of B.N.A., and 
was and now is solicitor for the Bank of Mon- 
treal, with which that bank is amalgamated, 
and many other corporations doing business 
in the City of Brantford. Always taking a 
deep interest in educational matters, Mr. 
Wilkes was for many years a member of the 
School Board of the City of Brantford, and 
for four years Chairman. He has had an 
extended military career, was an ensign in 
the Reserve Militia in his early years, and 
was also for many years a Captain in the 38th 
Dufferin Rifles. He assisted in forming the 
25th Brant Dragoons, of which he was gaz- 
etted Li eut.-Col., retiring retaining the rank 
of Lieut.-Col. Mr. Wilkes is a Director of 
the Royal Loan and Savings Company, 
and Vice-President of the Manufacturers 
Life Assurance Company, and interested 
in many other large financial institu- 
tions. He is a Fellow of the Royal 
Canadian Institute, a Mason, being Past 
Master of Doric Lodge, and has long been 
prominently identified with the Canadian 
Order of Foresters, having been High Court So- 
licitor. From 1897 to 1901 he was Bencher of 
the Law Society of Upper Canada. A member 



112 



HOMAS BlR-KETT 
OTTAWA 




of the Church of England, and for several 
years a Churchwarden. Before his accept- 
ance of the office of County Crown Attorney 
he was a Liberal in politics. He is a member 
of the Brantford Club, University Club, 
Military Institute, and the Empire Clubf 
Toronto. Married, June 22, 1887, to Esther 
Frances, daughter of Francis H. Haycock, 
late Collector of Customs at Paris, Ontario, 
and his family comprise Marjorie H. (wife of 
Lieut.-Col. F. Logie Armstrong, O.B.E.), 
Captain A. Burton Wilkes, overseas with the 
Canadian Army Medical Corps, Captain F. 
Hilton Wilkes, with Royal Canadian Dra- 
goons in France, Captain J. F. Ransom 
Wilkes, late of Military Headquarters Staff, 
Toronto, now of Can. Siberian Expeditionary 
Force, Vladivostok, Russia, and Miss E. 
Gwendolyn Wilkes. 

Workman, Mark (Montreal, Que.), was 
born in Buffalo, N.Y., on August 4, 1864, 
the son of Isaac and Sarah (Rosenthal) Work- 
man. He received his education in the pub- 
lic schools, and came to Montreal with his 
father in 1876, joining with him in the 
clothing business. The lad became the head 
of the business in 1880, at the remarkably 
youthful age of sixteen years. With unusual 
business instinct and untiring industry, the 
young Workman piloted his enterprise along 
the course of steady growth until, in 1906, 
the company of which he remained head was 
incorporated, and expanded until its travel- 
lers covered the whole of Canada, from At- 
lantic to Pacific. For nearly twenty years 
now (1917) the Mark Workman Company 
has been contractors for the British and Can- 
adian Governments for military clothing, and 
has been responsible for many enormous 
contracts during the present war. Beyond 
the confines of his own business, Mr. Work- 
man also found scope for his enterprise and 
ability. He interested himself extensively 
in Canadian industry, notably the Dominion 
Steel Corporation, of which he is one of the 
largest shareholders and was elected Presi- 
dent in 1916. Endowed with foresight and 
courage, attributes which helped to raise him 
to his enviable position in the business world, 
he believed that the formation of the Domin- 
ion Iron and Steel Company, with its adjunct, 
the Dominion Coal Company, would not only 
open the way for a gigantic steel enterprise 
in Canada which would take care of the big 
domestic business in the Dominion, but also 
extend to other parts of the Empire and to 
foreign countries. He believed in the future 
of the undertaking, invested money in it, 



fought it successfully through the dark days 
of its early experience, and won out. In 
1911 he became a director of the Corporation, 
and his active interest in the management 
resulted in his being made chairman of the 
finance and selling committees of the direct- 
orate. Mr. Workman is also the Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Federal Parquetry Company, of 
Lexington, Ky. ; vice-president of the Jacobs 
Asbestos Company, Ltd., of Thetford Mines, 
Que., and is interested in the B. Gardner 
Company, of Montreal. While the success 
that came to Mr. Workman brought him 
great wealth and influence, his business activ- 
ities did not prevent a generous and personal 
interest in many charitable works, his yearly 
benefactions to worthy causes and individuals 
being estimated at fifty to sixty thousand 
dollars. He is a life Governor of the Mon- 
treal General Hospital and other hospitals 
and charitable institutions, to the funds of 
which he is a liberal contributor. He has 
given most generously to the Patriotic Fund 
and to the various regimental funds, and was 
a subscriber to the extent of $200,000 to the 
Canadian War Loan. Mr. Workman is also 
prominent in philanthropic work among the 
Jewish population of Canada and is president 
and actual upbuilder of the Mount Sinai 
Sanatorium for fighting the white plague. 
A sample of his deep interest in the race was 
his remarkable response to the appeal of Mr. 
Leopold Rothschild since the outbreak of the 
war on behalf of Jewish sufferers in Russia. 
Mr. Workman forwarded an immediate cash 
contribution of $5,000, with an appended 
offer to supplement that gift by the subscrip- 
tion of $1,000 per month. Mr. Workman 
married, when twenty years of age, Miss 
Rachel Lewis, of Syracuse, N. Y., on February 
18, 1886. He has one son, Edward, a 
Lieut, in the Canadian overseas army, and 
four daughters, Mrs. Nathan Gordon, of 
Montreal; Mrs. Harry Rosenthal, of Ot- 
tawa, and the Misses Nina and Daisy 
Workman. He is a member of the Masonic 
and the Royal Guardians. 

Wrong, Professor George McKinnon, 

M.A. (Toronto, Ont.), was born in Graves- 
end, County of Elgin, Ontario, June 25, 1860, 
is a son of Gilbert Wrong, of Aylmer, Ont., 
and Christina McKinnon. Educated at the 
University of Toronto, from which he gradu- 
ated with the degree of B.A., 1883; M.A., 
1896; also Wycliffe College, Oxford Univer- 
sity; took Orders in the Church of England, 
1883, but has since been engaged continually 
in Academic work; succeeded in 1894 the 



113 



late Sir Daniel Wilson, as Professor of His- 
tory in the University of Toronto. Was a 
lecturer on History and Apologetics and Dean 
of Wycliffe, 1883 to 1892. Received the 
degree of F.R.C.S., 1908. Appointed a mem- 
ber of the Canadian Historical Manuscript 
Committee. 1887. Is a Senator of Toronto 
University, and is the author of several his- 
torical works, among which may be mentioned 
"The British Nation, a History" (1903), 
"The Earl of Elgin" (1905), "The Review of 
Historical Publications," "The Crusade of 
1883." Appointed by the Canadian Insti- 
tute a member of the Fleming Electoral Re- 
form Committee. Has been a Director of Ha- 
vergal Ladies' College, Ridley College and the 
Working Boys' Home. Is a member of the 
Royal Historical Society, Secretary Cham- 
plain Society. In 1886 married Sophia Hume 
Blake, daughter of the Hon. Edward Blake, 
K.C., M.P., and is the father of the following 
children: Margaret Christian, born 1887, 
Edward Murray (1889), Harold Verschoyle 
(1891), Humphrey Hume (1894), Agnes 
Honoria (1903). Professor Wrong is a mem- 
ber of the York Club, Toronto; The Golf 
Club and Savile Club, London, England, 
and is recognized as being one of the fore- 
most scholars of the present day. 

Arnold, Wm. McCullough, General 
Manager of the Ottawa Car Manufacturing 
Company, was bora at Ottawa, October 26, 
1879, and is the son of William and Georgiana 
(Eaton) Arnold. He was educated at Model 
and Public Schools, Ottawa. At the age of 
sixteen (in 1895) he commenced his business 
life by joining the firm of H. N. Bate & Sons, 
wholesale grocers, as clerk, where he re- 
mained for five years. In 1900 he was ap- 
pointed accountant in the firm of T. Lindsay 
& Co., at that time extensive retail dry goods 
merchants, Wellington Street, Ottawa, and 
remained with the firm for two years. In 
1902 he was appointed by the then Minister 
of Customs, Hon. William Patterson, ap- 
praiser in the Customs Dept., where he re- 
mained until 1911. In 1912 he became 
Purchasing Agent for the Ottawa Car Manu- 
facturing Company, and a year later was 
promoted to the position of Assistant Gen- 
eral Manager. In the early part of January, 
1918, Mr. Arnold became General Manager 
of the Company. Aside from the immense 
business carried on by the Ottawa Car Mfg. 
Co. in the manufacture of cars of all descrip- 
tions wagons, street and railway cars, etc. 
under Mr. Arnold's management the com- 
pany have erected, facing on Albert Street, 



and running back to Slater Street, the largest 
and best equipped and, architecturally, the 
handsomest garage to be found in the Domin- 
ion of Canada. It covers a floor space of 
60,000 square feet and holds 300 automobiles. 
On December 5, 1900, Mr. Arnold married 
Pearl Gladys Ritchie, daughter of William D. 
Ritchie, Rockcliffe, Ont. He has two sons, 
William Russell and Lewis Arthur, and one 
daughter, Dorothy. He is a prominent mem- 
ber in the A.F. & A.M. and the I.O.O.F. So- 
cieties, a member of the Canadian Car Manu- 
facturers Association, and of the Connaught 
Park Jockey, the Laurentian and the Canadian 
Clubs. Mr. Arnold is a Presbyterian in re- 
ligion, and a Liberal in politics. His recrea- 
tions are hockey, lacrosse, bowling and 
automobiling. He resides at 149 First Ave.. 

Wilson, James Lockie (Toronto, Ont.), 
is of Scottish ancestry, the third son of 
Robert Wilson and Agnes Logic, was born 
at Alexandria, Ont., November 12, 1856, and 
educated at the Public and High Schools of 
Glengarry. Is at present Superintendent of 
Agricultural and Horticultural Societies of 
Ontario, and Managing Director of the On- 
tario Vegetable Growers' Association. Sec- 
retary of Fairs and Exhibitions Association; 
Secretary and Managing Director Ontario 
Ploughmen's Association, and Secretary 
Ontario Horticultural Association; was 
President of the Glengarry St. Andrew's 
Society; President of the Agricultural So- 
ciety; President of the Farmers' Institute; 
President Patrons of Industry of Canada; 
President Farmers' Association of Canada; 
President Sons of Scotland Athletic Associa- 
tion, Toronto; President Burns Literary 
Society; Grand Master Ancient Order Unit- 
ed Workmen; Grand Chieftain Sons of Scot- 
land ; Director Toronto Playgrounds Associa- 
tion; Director Vacant Lots Garden Associa- 
tion; Vice-President American Civic Asso- 
ciation, Washington; was first President of 
Ontario Civil Service Association; Farmers' 
Candidate for Glengarry, House of Commons, 
1896, his opponent being Colonel R. R. 
McLennan. The most successful breeder of 
pure-bred cattle (Ayrshires, Shropshires and 
Berkshires) in Eastern Ontario, and a large 
prize winner at all the leading exhibitions in 
Canada; the author of various official re- 
ports. The great success of the Fairs 
and Exhibitions throughout the Province 
held under the auspices of the various 
Agricultural Societies are in a large measure 
due to the untiring efforts of Superintendent 
Wilson. The subject of this sketch was 



married to Mary, daughter of late Andrew 
Hodge, of Cornwall, Ont, and is the father 
of six: Winnifred May (deceased), Jennie, 
Margaret, Georgina, John Ruthven, winner 
of Military Cross 1918, and Marion. He 
is a member of the following Clubs and Socie- 
ties: Empire Club, Toronto, and the Can- 
ada Lawn Bowling Club, Burns Literary 
Society, and Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and Sons of Scotland. In religion he 
is a Presbyterian, and a supporter of the 
Conservative Party. 

Camaraire, Alfred Frederick (St. John's, 
Que.), is a son of Joseph Camaraire, Superin- 
tendent of M.L-H. & P. Co., of Montreal. 
He was born May 12, 1881, and educated 
at St. John's Academy and St. John's 
High School, later taking a commer- 
cial course at Montreal Business College, 
to qualify himself for a banking career. He 
now holds the position of Manager of the St. 
John's (Que.) branch of the Royal Bank of 
Canada. He still retains affiliations with 
Montreal and is a Lieutenant in the 87th 
Battalion, as well as a member of the Can- 
adian Club, the Y.M.C.A., the Amateur Ath- 
letic Association and the Engineering Club, 
of that city. He is also connected with the 
Knights of Pythias and the Royal Arcanum. 
In religion he is a Roman Catholic and in 
politics a Conservative. He was married in 
October, 1904, to a daughter of G. D. Hust 
(retired), of St. John's. His eldest son, 
Roland, born 1906, was killed by a motor 
accident on Oct. 11, 1918, and he has a second 
son, Conrad, born 1910. 

Studholme, Allan (Hamilton) is of Eng- 
lish origin having been born at Drake's Cross, 
Worcestershire, near Birmingham, England, 
December 8, 1846. Son of John and Hannah 
Studholme. Came to Canada in 1870; went 
to Australia in 1887, returning to the Domin- 
ion in 1892. Has always been a strong 
advocate of everything which would advance 
the cause of Labor, and was first elected to 
the Ontario Legislature for the Riding of 
East Hamilton as a straight Labor candidate, 
in December, 1906, and re-elected 1908, 1911 
and 1914. Has refused to identify himself 
with either Party and has preferred to main- 
tain his independence. Bill protecting tele- 
phone girls from working more than five 
hours a day was framed in 1907 to meet a 
strike. Strike being settled, bill was with- 
drawn. Favors an eight-hour day for 
male adults. Is a member of the Gen- 
eral Executive, Ontario Single Tax League. 



Has been Vice-President of the Social 
and Moral Reform Council for Canada. 
Is a Stovemounter and member of the 
Executive of the Stovemounter and Steel 
Range Makers' International Union. Is 
popular with the members of both sides of 
the House and is recognized as one of the 
most fearless and independent members of 
the Legislature. Married, April 27, 1874, to 
Priscilla Stearne and is the father of the 
following children: Foster, married Helen 
Holder; Gordon, married to Josephine Hol- 
der; Edward, married to Lois Young, and 
May, married to Earle R. Morrow March 24, 
1915. Religion, Methodist. 

Tourigny, Alfred F. X., Advocate 
(Magog, Que.), was born at Batiscan, Cham- 
plain County, Que., the son of a farmer, 
L. E. Tourigny and Eugenie Trudel, who is 
a sister of the Honorable F. X. A. Trudel. 
Deciding to get a thorough education, he 
studied at Three Rivers, Que., and graduated 
with the degree of B.A. He studied law 
at Laval University, and graduated with 
the degree of LL.B. On August 10, 1898, 
he married Clara Marchand, the daugh- 
ter of Louis Marchand, manufacturer, of 
Ste. Genevieve de Batiscan, Que., and has 
eight children Olivier, Charles Edouard, 
Alfred, Anselme, Henri, Louis, Claire and 
Ives. In religion he is a Roman Ca- 
tholic and a Conservative in politics, and 
at the present time he is Secretary-Treasurer 
of the town of Magog. 

Widdifield, John W., Agriculturist (Ux- 
bridge, Ont.), comes from Pennsylvania and 
New Jersey stock and is of United Empire 
Loyalist descent. After he graduated from 
the Ontario Agricultural College, he returned 
"to the land," on the farm which had been 
homesteaded by the family for five genera- 
tions; another branch of the family, the 
Lundys, pioneering on historic soil in the 
Niagara peninsula during this time. He has 
served as Reeve of Uxbridge Township, as 
Ontario County Councillor, as editor of the 
"O.A.C. Review," as Secretary of the North 
Ontario Farmers' Institute, and as Chairman 
of the County Committee on Agriculture. 
Mr. Widdifield has been a frequent contribu- 
tor to the press, besides travelling extensively 
as a lecturer on Agricultural and Natural 
Science topics. In the general elections of 1914 
he contested North Ontario in the Liberal in- 
terests, unsuccessfully, against Hon. W. H. 
Hoyle, Speaker of the Ontario Legislature. 
At the by-elections for the Ontario Legisla- 



115 



ture in Feb., 1919, as an Independent Farm- 
ers' Candidate, he again entered the lists, 
at this time successfully contesting the 
riding with Major Harry S. Cameron. 
Born in Uxbridge Township, March 16, 
1869, the son of Watson P. and Annie 
(Prankish) Widdifield, he was educated at 
the Uxbridge High School and Ontario Agri- 
cultural College, Guelph, Ont., being admit- 
ted to the status of A.O.A.C. in 1894, and 
granted the Degree of B.S.A. by Toronto 
University in the following year. He mar- 
ried Lucy, daughter of Cornelius Dike, July 
3, 1895, and has one daughter, Annie Enid 
Widdifield, born July 24, 1896. 

Watt, John Ralston, Barrister (Clares- 
holm, Alta.), was born in 1875 at Ayr, 
Scotland, and educated at Ayr Academy, 
Wimbledon and the Glasgow and Cam- 
bridge Universities. Graduated in 1896 
with the degree of B.A. (Cantab.), is a 
director of the Alberta Agricultural Fairs 
Association and Secretary of Claresholm Agri- 
cultural Society; has written on "The Turf" 
and other subjects to various periodicals in 
Canada, the United States and Great Britain 
under the signature of "Craignorth." In 
1914 he was married to Jessie G. Young. 

Wallis, Horace (Toronto, Ont.), born in 
London, England, 1862. Has had extensive 
newspaper experience and understands the 
work of a practical printer in all branches of 
the craft. Has had a successful career as an 
editor, journalist and parliamentary corres- 
pondent, having been editor and managing 
director of "The Quebec Chronicle," and 
Associate Editor of the "Mail and Empire," 
Toronto, for which paper he acted as 
Parliamentary correspondent, 1887-91, and 
resident Ottawa Correspondent, 1894-8; 
presented with silver service by the citizens 
when leaving Ottawa. Resigned position 
of Associate Editor of The "Mail and Em- 
pire," 1905, to become Secretary to the Prime 
Minister of Ontario, and has been Deputy 
Minister of the Department of the President 
of the Privy Council since 1914. Has been 
President of the Parliamentary Press Gallery 
at Ottawa and Toronto; Vice- President of 
the Quebec Associate Press. Interested in 
motoring and golfing and identified with 
the Masonic Order. Has taken an active 
part in the establishment of Temperance 
organizations, and in the promotion of 
the Prohibition movement. A. F. Wallis, 
Registrar of the Surrogate Court of the 
County of York, is a brother, who has 



also had a distinguished career as a journalist. 
Mr. Wallis married in 1893, Miss Margaret 
J. Tripp, of Toronto. He is an Anglican in 
religion and has received many tributes to 
his worth and acknowledgements of the 
esteem he is held in by his fellow citizens. 

Hagedorn, Charles Kappler (Kitchener, 
Ont.), was born in the County of Waterloo, 
February 5, 1859, son of Ernest A. P. Hage- 
dorn and Mary Kappler, his wife. His 
father was a farmer who came from Hanover, 
Germany, when an orphan of twelve years 
old, settling in Waterloo County, where he 
worked at farm labor and by his diligence and 
economy acquired land and began farming on 
his own account, which he continued success- 
fully until his death, in 1875. He was one of 
the early settlers of the county, clearing the 
homestead of 100 acres and endured all the 
difficulties and privations of pioneer life. 
The subject of this sketch was reared on his 
father's farm and received a primary educa- 
tion at the public schools which was com- 
pleted at the Normal school, Toronto. In 
1877 Mr. Hagedorn began teaching in the 
public schools of his native county, which he 
continued until the end of 1884, when he 
turned his attention to mercantile life and 
acted as travelling salesman throughout the 
Province of Ontario until 1889, when he be- 
gan the manufacture of suspenders and but- 
tons. In 1895 he organized the Berlin Sus- 
pender and Button Company; in 1900 the 
present plant on King St. was erected. The 
company was later incorporated and subse- 
quently, when the name of the city was 
changed, it became The Kitchener Sus- 
pender Company, Limited. The company 
employs a large number of skilled operators, 
and their product is known favorably 
throughout Canada. Mr. Hagedorn has 
given fully of his time and ability to his fel- 
low citizens and served as Alderman in 
the City Council for a number of years, 
acting as Chairman of the Original Commis- 
sion which operated the Electric and Gas 
Plants when these public utilities were taken 
over by the city. He has been an active 
member of the Board of Trade and was for 
two years president. Mr. Hagedorn is a 
Presbyterian in religion, and has been Super- 
intendent of the Presbyterian Sunday School 
and an Elder for many years, taking a deep 
interest in temperance work. He has been 
President of the Waterloo Temperance 
Alliance for a number of years. Mr. Hage- 
dorn was married on May 15, 1889, to 



116 



..-^.,.. 




E. C. WHITNEY 






Emily, daughter of John Cairns, of Kitch- 
ener, who was a pioneer farmer of North 
East Hope Township, now retired. He 
is the father of three children, Lloyd Elmo, 
Grover Cairns, and Edna Aleen. Politically 
he is a Reformer; in business affairs and in 
his private life he is a man of strict probity, 
and has always displayed promptness, re- 
liability and sterling honesty in all his rela- 
tions with his fellow citizens, by whom he is 
held in the highest esteem. He is well in- 
formed and is regarded as being a progressive 
man thoroughly in touch with modern 
progress. 

Pennington, David Henry, one of the 

prominent lumber merchants of Quebec City, 
formerly a member of the Legislative Assem- 
bly, and later a member of the Harbor 
Commission of Quebec, was born in that 
city on February the 14th, 1868. He is a 
son of William Pennington of Preston, Eng- 
land, who for many years lived at Mont- 
morency Falls, while engaged in the office 
of the G. B. Hall Lumber Company. Enter- 
ing as a junior clerk of that company, the 
subject of this sketch worked his way up to 
the post of general manager of the Company's 
branch of operations in the Eastern Town- 
ships. Eventually buying out the interests 
of the Company in the Townships, he estab- 
lished himself at Lyster, there possessing 
two saw-mills, a large dressing lumber mill, 
and a pulpwood storing station. His busi- 
ness activities were soon felt in the commun- 
ity, making it, as they did, an important 
business outlet on the Grand Trunk Railway 
route between Quebec and Richmond, for 
the adjacent counties of Lotbiniere and 
Megantic. During the twelve years he re- 
sided at Lyster he was Mayor of the place 
for nine of them, besides being Warden of 
the County of Megantic. In 1908 he was 
elected to represent that county in the Local 
Legislature at Quebec, where his intimate 
knowledge of French as well as English, 
won an influence for him at once. In 1912 
he sold his properties at Lyster, and re- 
turned to Quebec, there to continue his 
successful career as a lumber merchant. 
During these years there has passed through 
his hands an annual output of from sixty 
to seventy thousand cords of pulpwood alone. 
He was among the first to export pulpwood to 
the United States, and was one of the pro- 
moters of the Wayagamack Pulp and Paper 
Company of Three Rivers. He has been 
largely interested for years in the asbestos 
industry in the Thetford Mining district, 



and has a large business interest in timber 
limits on and near the Lower St. Lawrence. 
As a public-spirited citizen he takes high 
rank, having in 1916 been appointed by the 
Federal Government at Ottawa to the highly 
responsible position of one of the three 
Harbor Commissioners of his native city. 
He has given two of his sons to the Service 
of the Empire, his eldest, Lieut. Ronald N. 
Pennington and his younger brother Frank, 
having distinguished themselves with Ca- 
nada's "bravest" at the front. Mr. Pen- 
nington has been married twice, first to 
Miss S. E. Neil, the mother of the 
two lads just mentioned; and, second, 
Miss Mary S. Stewart, the daughter of the 
late Duncan Stewart of Inverness. By the 
latter he has one son and one daughter. 
Mr. Pennington's mother was born in St. 
John's, Newfoundland. He is a Warden of 
the Anglican Cathedral and a member of 
the Board of Trade, being prominent in all 
the public and patriotic movements of the 
city. 

MacLean, Hon. John Duncan, 
M.D.G.M., M.L.A. (Victoria, B.C.), is a 
son of Roderick A. MacLean and his wife, 
Effie Mathieson MacLean. Was born at 
Culloden, P.E.I., on November 8, 1875. 
Educated at Prince of Wales College, Char- 
lottetown. Taught school in British Colum- 
bia and Alberta until 1901, when he entered 
McGill University, from which institution he 
graduated in 1905, with the degree of 
M.D.C.M. with Honors in Surgery and 
Pathology. Successfully practised medicine 
in Arizona, U.S.A., Rossland and Greenwood, 
B.C. Was a candidate for the first time in 
the Liberal interests at the general Provin- 
cial Elections for the Province of British 
Columbia in 1916, when he was elected for 
the constituency of Greenwood, and was 
subsequently appointed Minister of Educa- 
tion and Provincial Secretary for British 
Columbia, being called to the Cabinet on 
the formation of the new Liberal Govern- 
ment after the election. Before taking up 
his residence in Victoria, the capital, the 
Hon. Dr. MacLean resided at Greenwood, 
B.C., of which municipality he was Mayor, 
1914-16. He is a member of the Masonic 
Order, Independent Order of Oddfellows, and 
Knights of Pythias, and in religion is a 
Presbyterian. Married, 1911, to Mary Ger- 
trude, daughter of Joseph Watson of Owen 
Sound, Ontario, and is the father of four 
children Jessie Marion, Roderick Watson, 
Elizabeth, and John Angus. The Provin- 



117 



cial Secretary is a member of the Pacific 
Club of Victoria and the Greenwood 
at Greenwood. He takes a lively interest 
in sports, and his principal recreation is 
trap shooting and curling. The Minis- 
ter's ancestors were Highland Scotch of 
the Isle of Skye, Inverness. His parents 
came to Canada in 1834, settling in Prince 
Edward Island, where his father engaged in 
farming. 

O'Hara, Francis Charles Trench, Dep- 
uty Minister of Trade and Commerce for 
Canada, and one of the best known citizens 
of Ottawa, was born at Chatham, Ont., 
November 7, 1870, the second son of Robert 
O'Hara, Master of Chancery in that city, 
and Maria S. (Dobbs) O'Hara. He was 
educated at the Chatham Collegiate In- 
stitute and in 1888 entered the service of the 
Canadian Bank of Commerce. His inclina- 
tions led him to literary pursuits, however, 
and in 1891 he left the service of the bank to 
enter newspaper work in Baltimore, Mary- 
land. In this field he showed great promise, 
but in 1896 Rt. Hon. Sir Richard 
Cartwright, having entered the first Laurier 
cabinet as Minister of Trade and Commerce, 
pursuaded him to return to Canada and 
become his private secretary. Since then 
Mr. O'Hara has continued to reside in 
Ottawa, and has been a vital factor in the 
Department of Trade and Commerce, of 
which, since 1908, he has been Deputy 
Minister. He was Superintendant of the 
Trade Commissioners Service, to extend 
Canada's markets in various parts of the 
world from 1904 to 1911, and from 1908 to 
1911 Chief Controller of Chinese Immigra- 
tion. During the late war he rendered 
very important service as Chief Canadian 
officer in charge of British and United States 
Import and Export Trade Restrictions; until 
that work was assumed by the War Trade 
Board in 1918. He was also a member of 
the Ships Licence Committee, the Editorial 
Committee on Government Publications, and 
officer in charge under H.M. Ministry of 
Munitions of the distribution in Canada of 
Industrial diamonds. Since June, 1918, he has 
been also Deputy Commissioner of Patents. 
He is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society 
and of the Royal Colonial Institute. In 1907 
the late Earl Grey, then Governor-General 
of Canada, induced him to become Honorary 
Secretary of his Musical and Dramatic 
Trophy Competitions, which for six years 
did admirable service in stimulating public 
interest in these arts. In 1914-16 he 



was Local Officer for Canada for the 
Dominion Royal Commission to inquire 
into there sources of the Overseas Domin- 
ions. Mr. O'Hara wields a skilful pen as 
evidenced by numerous magazine and 
newspaper contributions. He is also a 
Captain of the Corps Reserve of the Governor- 
General's Foot Guards. His recreations are 
golf, fishing and shooting, and he is a member 
of the Rideau, Country and Royal Ottawa 
Golf Clubs, Ottawa. He married Helen R., 
a daughter of the late Senator Corby of 
Belleville, Ont., and has one daughter. His 
residence is at 125 Wurtemburg Street, 
Ottawa. 

Henderson, William Andrew, Barrister, 
Toronto, Ontario, was born at the Provincial 
Capital on August 10, 1878, his parents being 
Andrew Henderson and Mary Elizabeth 
(Carpenter). On his mother's side he is of 
United Empire Loyalist stock. A portion 
of the Crown grant made to his mother's 
great grandfather by George the Third, of 
land in Halton County is still in the posses- 
sion of the family. Educated at the Toronto 
Public Schools, Jarvis Collegiate Institute, 
Trinity University and Osgoode Hall. Studied 
law under James Milton Godfrey and 
Thomas Cowper Robinette.K.C., and on being 
called to the Bar in 1908 became a member 
of the firm of Robinette, Godfrey, Phelan 
and Henderson, and so practised until 1913 
when he formed a partnership with Austin 
G. Ross, under the firm name of Henderson 
and Ross, which continued until 1915 when 
he practised alone until 1918 when he 
entered into partnership with W. N. Irwin 
(Henderson & Irwin). Mr. Henderson has 
achieved a marked distinction in his pro- 
fessional conduct of famous criminal cases 
and has probably defended more people, 
since commencing practice, charged with 
capital offences than any other Ontario 
Counsel in recent years. Among the notable 
trials which greatly enhanced Mr. Hender- 
son's fame as an able advocate may be 
mentioned, the baby adoption case, in which 
Mabel Turner was indicted on a charge of 
murder; Peter Snider, Krystik and Strink- 
aruk, known as the Rosedale mystery; 
Hassan Neby (Tucker murder); Archie 
McLaughlin (the Uxbridge tragedy); a 
cause celebre. Mr. Henderson has defended 
no less than nine persons charged with 
murder and many others charged with serious 
offences and has a wide reputation as a 
successful criminal lawyer. He has held 
numerous briefs in civil cases, particularly 



those involving Mercantile law, being sol- 
icitor for several large corporations. A 
sound lawyer with an incisive style of cross- 
examination, he is able to present the law 
and the facts to the Court or Jury in a con- 
vincing and effective manner. An Anglican 
in religion and a Conservative in politics. 
He is a member of the Masonic Order. 
Married July 6, 1918, to Beatrice Helen, 
daughter of Donald Graham, of To- 
ronto. Mr. Henderson has always been 
interested in amateur sports and prominent 
in local baseball circles. He is also proficient 
in boxing and swimming. A native of Tor- 
onto he is widely known and regarded as one 
of the most prominent and popular members 
of the Ontario Bar. 

Earle, Rufus Redmond, L.L.B., K.G., 

1995 19th Ave. West, Vancouver, B.C., was 
born May 8, 1873, in Winchester Township, 
Dundas County, Ont., the son of Rufus Earle, 
a farmer, and his wife Catharine Redmond, a 
distant relative of the late John and Major 
William Redmond, the noted Irish parlia- 
mentary leaders. He was educated at the 
public schools of Winchester Tp. f Morrisburg 
High School, Ottawa Normal School, and 
Ontario High School Teachers' Institute, To- 
ronto. He taught school at Cass Bridge, 
Ont., 1892-3, and Morrisburg Model School, 
1894-5. In 1896 he went to Manitoba and 
was principal of the Killarney High School 
for three years, subsequently entering 
Manitoba University and taking up the 
study of law with the present Mr. Jus- 
tice Metcalfe, of the Court of King's 
Bench, Winnipeg, and the late Hon. 
J. H. Agnew, Provincial Treasurer of Mani- 
toba, Virden. He was called to the Manitoba 
Bar in 1904. Removing to Saskatchewan 
in 1905, he was immediately called to the Bar 
of that province and that of Alberta also. 
He began practice in Battleford, Sask., in 
partnership with ex-Chief Justice McGuire, 
of the Bench of the North- West Territories, 
and played a prominent part in public affairs. 
He was elected Mayor of Battleford in 1912, 
having previously served as a member of the 
School Board and a Director of the General 
Hospital there. In 1914 he was chosen Presi- 
dent of the Battleford Board of Trade, 
and military affairs also claimed his atten- 
tion. In 1911-12 he was Provisional Major 
and O.C. of "D" Squadron 22nd Saskatche- 
wan Light Horse. He was also a Director 
of the Saskatchewan Anti-tuberculosis 
League and a Bencher of the Law Society 
of the province. President of the Law 



Society of Saskatchewan 1917. In 1918 he 
removed to Vancouver, where he was called to 
the bar of British Columbia and at once took 
a prominent place in legal circles. He is a 
member of the Terminal City and Canadian 
Clubs, Vancouver; of the Shaughnessy 
Heights Golf Club and the Masonic Order. 
His recreations are golf, tennis, swimming, 
motoring, and all outdoor sports generally. 
He is a Presbyterian in religion, a Liberal in 
politics, and was married on December 26, 
1908, to Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Barry, 
Morrisburg, Ont. He has two daughters, 
Mona Redmond and Marjory Kathleen, and 
two sons, Barry Redmond and Max Redmond. 

Buckles, Daniel, K.C., Barrister and Soli- 
citor (Swift Current, Saskatchewan), was born 
at Margaree, Nova Scotia, April 11, 1876, son 
of Archie and Bridget Buckles. His father 
was a farmer. Mr. Buckles was educated at 
the Public Schools of Margaree and Dalhousie 
University, Halifax. On graduation, he 
taught school for a number of years in Nova 
Scotia. Admitted to the Bar of Nova Scotia, 
September 24, 1907, and successfully prac- 
tised his profession at Sydney Mines, Nova 
Scotia, until July, 1911, when he removed 
to Swift Current, and is at present head of 
the firm of Buckles, Donald, McPherson, 
McWilliam & Thompson, which was formed 
in 1913. Appointed Crown Prosecutor, 1913, 
for the Judicial District, Swift Current. 
Elected a Fellow of the Royal Colonial In- 
stitute, 1916. Appointed King's Coun- 
sel 1919. Mr. Buckles, who is a Lib- 
eral, has taken a prominent part in politics 
as a speaker and organizer, and has been 
active in Red Cross work, and has addressed 
recruiting meetings in different parts of the 
Province of Saskatchewan. He is deeply in- 
terested in educational matters and is a 
member of the Swift Current School Board. 
On January 4. 1912, he married Edna I. 
Murray, daughter of S. Murray, of Milton, 
Nova Scotia. He is a member of the follow- 
ing clubs and societies: The Canadian Club, 
Knights of Columbus, C.M.B.A., F.O.E. and 
the Royal Colonial Institute. He is a 
Roman Catholic in religion. His recreations 
are walking, shooting and skating. 

Jarvis, Ernest Frederick, is one of the 

important officials of the civil branch of the 
Department of Militia and Defence, Ottawa, 
in which he holds the offices of Assistant 
Deputy Minister and Secretary of the 
Militia Council. He was born at St. 
Eleanor's, Prince Edward Island, on Sept- 



119 



ember 16, 1862, the son of Edward Fitz- 
gerald Jarvis, M.D., and Lucy DesBrisay 
Harding, his wife. He was educated at 
Summerside, P.E.I., and entered the public 
service of the Dominion on March 23, 1881, 
before he had completed his nineteenth year. 
In 1892 he was appointed Secretary to the 
late Hon. J. C. Paterson, Minister of the 
Crown in the cabinets of Sir John Thompson 
and Sir Mackenzie Bowell, and remained 
with him until Mr. Paterson was sent to 
Manitoba as Lieut.-Governor in 1895. 
Continuing in the civil service Mr. Jarvis 
was appointed Chief Clerk of the Department 
of Militia and Defence by Sir Frederick 
Borden in January, 1903. He became 
Secretary of the Militia Council on Nov- 
ember 28, 1904, and Assistant Deputy 
Minister on September 1, 1908. His expert 
knowledge of departmental organization was 
recognized when the administration of Sir 
Robert Borden appointed him a member 
of the Royal Commission to inquire into the 
state of records in the public departments of 
the Dominion, 1912-14. During the late 
war and the demobilization period Mr. 
Jarvis whose duties were enormously aug- 
mented has given proofs of his great abilities 
as a departmental officer. He was appointed 
a Companion of the Imperial Service 
Order on June 3, 1918. He is an Anglican 
in religion and in 1892 married Ethel Col- 
borne, daughter of the late E. A. Meredith, 
LL.D., of Toronto. He resides at 347 
Stewart Street, Ottawa. 

McCuish, Robert George, Regina, Sas- 
katchewan, was born at Parkhill, Ont., April 
12, 1877, the son of Donald John and Flora 
McCuish. His father was a farmer and, the 
family moving to the West when he was a 
child, Mr. McCuish was educated at Morden 
(Man.) High School and at Manitoba Univer- 
sity. In 1898 he joined the staff of the Win- 
nipeg "Tribune," and served as Sporting 
Editor for some years. From 1901 to 1905 
he published the "Chronicle," of Morden, 
Manitoba, and in 1905 founded the Fort 
William "Evening Herald," which he con- 
tinued to conduct until 1907, when he decided 
to enter the life insurance business in Winni- 
peg. He was Manager of the JJtna Life for 
two years, and then became Manager 
of the Manufacturers Life, and in 1912- 
13 served as Vice-President of the Do- 
minion Life Underwriters' Association. In 
the latter year he came East and became 
Montreal Manager of the Manufacturers 
Life Insurance Company, and on July 1, 1915, 



accepted the position of Manager for Saskat- 
chewan of the Canada Life Assurance Com- 
pany, with headquarters at Regina, a post he 
at present holds. Among the many import- 
ant offices identified with his name are those 
of President of the Regina Liberal Associa- 
tion; Past President of the Regina Life 
Underwriters; Honorary Life Member and 
Past President of the Western Canada Press 
Association. He is a member of the Council 
of the Regina Board of Trade. Clubs: 
St. George and National of Montreal, the 
Wascona Country Club, Regina, and Assini- 
boia Club, Regina. His recreations are curl- 
ing and golf. He is a Knight of Pythias 
and a Mason; at the present time is Deputy 
Supreme Chancellor for Saskatchewan of 
the order K. of P., and a P.G.C. 
of the order for Quebec. He is a 
Presbyterian in religion and on Sept. 14, 
1904, married E. Maud, daughter of Andrew 
Macfarlane, for many years Superintendent 
of the William Hamilton Foundry, at Peter- 
boro, Ont. He has one son, Donald Emmer- 
son McCuish. 

Patrick, John Alexander Macdonald, 

K.C. (Yorkton, Saskatchewan), one of the 
best known barristers of that province, was 
born at Ilderton, Ont., June 28, 1873, the 
son of George B. and Alecia Patrick, both 
deceased. His father was a farmer and the 
son was educated at the Collegiate Institute 
and Model School, London, Ont., Later he 
took a course at the Normal School, Regina, 
in 1896, and taught school for six years, con- 
currently taking up the study of law with 
Mr. Gifford Elliott, of Yorkton, in 1899. 
Subsequently, in 1903, he entered the office 
of George W. Watson, Yorkton, and in 1904 
that of the late Hon. G. W. Brown, ex-Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Saskatchewan. In the latter 
year he was called to the bar and since 1905 
has practised in Yorkton. He is at present 
head of the firm of Patrick, Doherty, Killam 
& Walton. He was created King's Counsel 
in 1913, is ex-President of the Law Society 
of Saskatchewan and has been a Bencher of 
that body since 1906. He is also a member 
of the Executive of the Canadian Bar Associa- 
tion. Mr. Patrick has also taken a promin- 
ent part in public affairs and was Mayor of 
Yorkton for four terms, 1908-9 and 1913-4, 
and President of the Board of Trade from 
1910 to 1913, inclusive. Earlier he held the 
post of Public School Trustee from 1906 to 
1909, inclusive. He is a Conservative in 
politics and was un unsuccessful candidate 
for the Legislature at the provincial elections 



120 







T. B. MACAULAY 
Montreal 



of 1917. He is also a member of the Execu- 
tive of the Navy League of Saskatchewan, 
and of the Executive of the Canadian Pa- 
triotic Society for that province. In religion 
he is a Methodist and a Governor of Regina 
College, affiliated with that religious body. 
He is a Past Grand Master for his province 
of the I.O.O.F., and his recreations are big 
game hunting and farming. On Oct. 15, 
1905, he married Sadie Pearl, a daughter of 
the late William A. Hawkins, retired con- 
tractor, of Yorkton, Sask., and has six chil- 
dren, William Alexander, John Arden, Ethel 
Cecilia, Sadie Alecia, Hugh Arthur and Mona 
lone. 

Hogg, Andrew Brydon, Barrister (Leth- 
bridge, Alberta), was born at Flesherton, 
Ont., on January 24, 1883. Educated at the 
Public and High Schools of Toronto and To- 
ronto University, at which latter seat of 
learning he graduated with the degree of B.A. 
in 1904 and in 1916 received the degree of 
LL.B. from Alberta University. Studied law 
with the Hon. Arthur Meighen, Portage la 
Prairie, Manitoba, afterwards Solicitor-Gen- 
eral of Canada, with whom he subsequently 
formed a partnership, and with whom he 
practised law from 1908-10, the firm being 
known as Meighen and Hogg. From 1910- 
14 he practised alone at Carmangay, Alber- 
ta. In 1914 he formed a partnership with 
Mr. Russel, the firm name being known as 
Hogg & Russel, removing to Lethbridge in 
1916, where he practised alone, and in 1917 
he formed a partnership with C. F. Jamieson, 
the firm style being Hogg and Jamieson. On 
May 10, 1917, he married Ada Wright, 
adopted daughter of D. H. Elton, Barrister, 
Lethbridge. He is an adherent of the Pres- 
byterian Church and a Conservative in poli- 
tics, and a member of the Masonic Order. 
Mr. Hogg's recreations are golf and motoring. 

Todd, John Lancelot (Montreal), son 
of the late Jacob Hunter Todd and Rosanna 
(Wigley) Todd. Was born in Victoria, B.C., 
December 10, 1876. Educated at Upper 
Canada College and McGill University, B.A., 
1898; M.D., C.M., 1900; M.R.C.S., London, 
1907 ; D.Sc. (Hon.) Liverpool University, 1909 ; 
a member of the staff of the Royal Victoria 
Hospital, Montreal, 1901. Sent by Liver- 
pool School of Tropical Medicine to Gambia 
Protectorate and to Senegal to study trypano- 
somiasis (sleeping sickness) and report on 
sanitation, 1902. Sent by Belgian Govern- 
ment and Liverpool School of Tropical 
Medicine to Congo Free State to study the 



same disease and report on sanitation of the 
Free State posts, 1903; Director of the Tropi- 
cal Research Laboratories, Liverpool School 
of Tropical medicine at Runcorn, 1905-7; 
has published observations on trypanasomi- 
asis in men and animals, on spirochactoris 
(tick fever), and on other tropical and 
insect-borne diseases; decorated commander 
of the Order of Leopold II, by the 
King of the Belgians in recognition of 
his scientific services, 1905; awarded Mary 
Kingsley Gold Medal by Liverpool School 
of Tropical Medicine, 1910. Since June, 
1907, has been Associate Professor of Par- 
asit., McGill University; author of re- 
. ports and papers in association with the 
late J. Everett Dutton (embodied in the 
memoirs of the Liverpool School of Tropical 
Medicine and elsewhere). Married M. Clous- 
ton, a daughter of Sir Edward Clouston, 
Bart., Montreal. Is a member of the Mount 
Royal Club, University Club, Montreal, and 
York Club, Toronto. Dr. Todd holds the 
rank of Major in the Canadian Army Medi- 
cal Corps, and is a member of the Board of 
Pension Commissioners for Canada. 

Adamson, John Evans, B.A. (Winnipeg, 
Man.), was born at Nelson, Manitoba, on 
Sept. 9, 1884, and is the son of Alan J. and 
Julia Adamson. He was educated at the 
public schools of Manitoba and Saskatchewan 
and graduated from St. John's College, Win- 
nipeg, with degree of B.A. in 1907. Called 
to the Bar in 1910. Member of the law 
firm Adamson & Lindsay, Winnipeg. Mar- 
ried Mary Turriff, daughter of Senator J. G. 
Turriff, Ottawa, on April 8, 1912, and is the 
father of two children. Is a member of the 
Carlton and St. Charles Country Club and 
also a member of the Masonic Order. In 
religion he is an Anglican and a Liberal in 
politics. His recreations are golf and mot- 
oring. 

Peuchen, Lieut.-Col. Arthur Godfrey, 

Capitalist, retired Manufacturer, son of 
Godfrey E. Peuchen and Eliza Eleanor Clarke 
of Hull, Eng. Born in Montreal, April 18, 
1859; educated in private schools there. His 
father was a Railroad Contractor in South 
America and built a railroad from Laguero 
to Caracas, Venezuela; his grandfather 
was manager of the London, Brighton and 
Midland Railway in England. Canada is 
indebted to Col. Peuchen for his ingenu- 
ity in being the first man to grasp the possi- 
bility of utilizing the unmarketable portions 
of our hardwood forests in a scientific way. 






121 



In travelling he observed that England and 
France had virtually no forests, and know- 
ing that the Canadian lumberman was only 
taking from our woods the flotable timber, 
leaving the unmerchantable coarse hardwood, 
he conceived the idea of turning this waste 
into the manufacturing of valuable chemicals : 
Acetic Acid, Acetate of Lime, Acetone, Wood 
Alcohol and Formaldehyde, the latter being 
so important for the successful growing of 
wheat in Canada, and the former for the 
dyeing industry; also benefited the English 
War Office by being the first man under the 
British Flag to produce acetone direct from 
wood, which he supplied the Admiralty in 
large quantities for the manufacture of high 
explosives, such as cordite. Introduced our 
present system of charcoal distribution in 
paper bags. With Sir Wm. McKenzie and 
others he organized the Standard Chemical 
Company with a small capital, which he 
gradually through his unbounded energy in- 
creased to five millions beginning in 1897 
by distilling only 22 tons of wood per day, 
eventually by 1913 this distillation was in- 
creased to over 1,000 tons. The production 
of these chemicals meant a tremendous export 
trade. He erected factories at: Fenelon 
Falls, Deseronto, Longford Mills, South 
River, Sault Ste. Marie, Fassett and Cook- 
shire, and operated factories at Thornbury, 
Parry Sound and Mount Tremblant; erected 
refineries in Montreal, London, England, 
France and Germany, where crude alcohol 
was shipped and refined; bought and oper- 
ated blast charcoal furnaces at Deseronto, 
and built one at Parry Sound. Was Presi- 
dent and General Manager of the Standard 
Chemical Company from 1897 to 1914. Was 
active in military circles: Lt., Q.O.R., 1888; 
Captain, 1894; Major, 1904; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, May 21st, 1912. Went to Eng- 
land with the Queen's Own in 1910 as Major, 
for the Imperial Fall Manoeuvres at Salis- 
bury Plain, and part of this period was in 
charge of the regiment under General French. 
Was Marshalling Officer in command of 
escort of officers of Indian Cavalry, Royal 
Procession, Coronation of King George, 1911; 
Officer Commanding Home Battalion Q.O.R., 
1914 and 1915. Officer's long service 
decoration. Was in the "Titanic," dis- 
aster, of which he was one of two only 
surviving males in Canada. President of 
the Imperial Land Co.; owner, McLaren 
Lumber Company, of Blairmore, Alberta, 
which controls all the large green timber in 
Southern Alberta, also saw mills and branch 
retail yards. Clubs: National, Toronto 



Hunt, Ontario Jockey, Life Member Military 
Institute; ex-Flag Officer and Life Member 
of Royal Canadian Yacht Club, having 
held the positions of vice and rear Com- 
modore. Was owner for several years of 
the famous yacht "Vreda," which crossed 
the Atlantic under her own canvas and 
won more races in her class than any 
other yacht in Canada. Member of St. 
Paul's Anglican Church and a Governor of 
Grace Hospital. In politics a Conservative. 
Col. Peuchen has a strong personality, frank 
and genial in manner, easy and interesting in 
conversation; has crossed the Atlantic 30 
odd times and travelled extensively in many 
lands. Recreations, golf, riding, yachting. 
He married Margaret Thompson, daughter of 
John Thompson, of Orillia, 1893. One son, 
Lieutenant Godfrey Alan Peuchen, Imperial 
Royal Field Artillery, Asst.-Adjt. H.Q. to the 
26th Brigade of Artillery during the War; 
daughter, Jessie, married Lieutenant Harry 
C. Lefroy, M.C., of the Imperial Royal Field 
Artillery. Residence during the War: Queen 
Anne's Mansions, St. James Park, London, 
England; summer home, "Woodlands," one 
of the most picturesque spots on Lake Simcoe. 

Forin, John Andrew (Nelson, B.C.), 
Judge of the County Court of West Kootenay, 
is a son of John Forin, Architect, of Belleville, 
Ont., where he was bora on July 20, 1861. 
He was educated at Albert College, Belleville, 
and at Osgoode Hall, Toronto, and was called 
to the Bar of Ontario in 1885. He saw ser- 
vice in the North-west Rebellion of that year 
as a private in the Queen's Own Rifles of To- 
ronto, and holds the medal and clasp for 
that campaign. Later he practised in Brit- 
ish Columbia and received his present judicial 
appointment in 1896. He still retains 
his connection with military affairs and at the 
time of writing is Officer Commanding of the 
107th Regiment, B.C., with the rank of 
Major. Since 1915, the Internment camp 
at Morrissey, B.C., and the guards at 
the Trail, B.C., Smelter have been details 
of the regiment mentioned. He has also 
devoted some attention to literary pursuits 
and has published essays on legal and sociolog- 
ical subjects. His recreations are curling and 
golf; he is a member of the Nelson and 
Rossland Clubs and of the Scottish Clan So- 
ciety. In religion he is a Presbyterian, and 
on May 18, 1895, was married to Mary, 
daughter of Peter T. Dunn, merchant, of 
Vancouver, B.C. He has five children, Jean 
Victoria, Isabel Dunn, John Douglas, Peter 
McLaren, and Mary Edith Forin. 



122 



Coburn, John W. (Nanaimo, B.C.), one 
of the leading lumbermen of the Pacific 
Coast, was born at Harvey, New Brunswick, 
the son of A. W. Coburn, farmer and con- 
tractor, and Elizabeth Messer, his wife. He 
was educated in the public schools of his 
native province and, later, in private schools 
in British Columbia. As a youth he took 
up railroading and had sixteen years' experi- 
ence therein, principally as a passenger con- 
ductor. Subsequently he went into the lum- 
ber business and was extremely successful. 
His interests are now very extensive. He is 
President of the Ladysmith Lumber Co., of 
Nanaimo; the Ladysmith Hardware Co., 
and of the Last West Lumber Co., which 
latter corporation does retail business 
in the Western Provinces. He is also a 
director of the Shawinigan Lake Lumber Co. 
He has shown a progressive and energetic 
spirit in public affairs and is an ex-President 
of the Nanaimo and Ladysmith Boards of 
Trade. He has also filled the following 
municipal offices: Mayor of Wellington, B.C., 
and of Ladysmith, B.C. (for three terms) and 
School Trustee and Alderman for three 
terms, when his business interests prevented 
him continuing in further civic affairs in 
Nanaimo. He is a member of the Masonic 
Order, is a Presbyterian in religion and a sup- 
porter of Union Government. On Feb. 8, 
1899, he married Ellen Cowie (his secoud 
wife), a daughter of Alexander Cowie, Elora, 
Ont., by whom he has three children, Wallace, 
Gordon and Lorna Maud. 

Ingram, George C., B.A., 1167 2nd Ave. 
N.W., Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, one of the 
well known business men of that province, 
was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, on October 
16, 1867, the son of James and Elizabeth 
(Leith) Ingram. When nine months old his 
parents emigrated to Tipton, Iowa, where 
the subject of this sketch spent twenty years 
on a farm. He was educated in the local 
schools of Tipton and later took a course at 
the Northern Indiana Normal School, Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, taking the degree of B.A. 
In 1890 he removed to Minnesota, where he 
practised as a surveyor for two years, after 
which he founded the Ingram Lumber Co., 
of Sank Centre, Minn., continuing in busi- 
ness there until 1910. In the latter year he 
moved to Saskatoon, Sask., as special repre- 
sentative of the Western Retail Lumber- 
men's Association, a post he held until 1912, 
when he became General Manager, Director 
and Secretary of Security Lumber Company, 
Limited, of Moose Jaw, a position he still 



holds. While a resident of the United States 
he was President (1905-6) of the Northwest- 
ern Lumbermen's Association, Minneapolis. 
He has served as an Alderman and is a Lib- 
eral in politics. His recreation is golf and 
he belongs to the Prairie Club, Moose Jaw, 
and to the A. F. & A.M. (Shriner). On Sept. 
22, 1896, he married Lulu, daughter of the 
late David Wilcox, and has three children, 
Howard C., Hildred and George L. Ingram. 

Shepherd, Simpson James, 614 llth 
Street South, Lethbridge, Alberta Barrister- 
at-law, is a native of Uttoxeter Lambton 
County, Ont., where he was born February 
6, 1877, the son of James and Mary (Dowler) 
Shepherd. His father was a farmer and he 
was educated at Forest High School, and 
later at McGill University. He had a 
brilliant career in the latter institution and 
graduated in 1906 with the degree of B.C.L., 
capturing a Macdonald travelling scholar- 
ship in law. After graduation he was thus 
enabled to spend one year in France, and 
later decided to settle in the West, going to 
Lethbridge in 1908, when he was called to 
the Alberta Bar and formed a partnership 
with Mr. W. C. Simmons. The latter was 
appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of 
the province in 1910, and Mr. Shepherd 
then formed a partnership with Mr. Allen 
E. Dunlop, previously of the Nova Scotia 
Bar. Later Mr. George A. Rice joined the 
firm, which is now known as Shepherd, 
Dunlop and Rice. He is a member of the 
Alberta Returned Soldiers Commission, and 
of the Chinook and Lethbridge Golf Clubs, 
as well as the Masonic Order. His recrea- 
tions are golf, curling and shooting. He is 
a Liberal in politics and a Methodist in 
religion. On September 7, 1908, he married 
Ethel M. S. Dixon, daughter of Mr. John 
Dixon, merchant of Maple Creek, Sask- 
atchewan, and has three daughters, Marjorie 
C., Nancy D., and Joan Douglas by name. 

Edwards, Hon. William Cameron 

(Rockland, Ont.), was born in Clarence, 
May 7, 1844, and is a son of the late William 
Edwards, a native of Portsmouth, Eng., 
who came to Canada about the year 1820, 
and settled in the Township of Clarence, 
County of Russell, Ont., and his wife Ann 
Cameron, a native of Fort William, Scotland. 
He was educated at the Ottawa Grammar 
School. Upon the completion of his educa- 
tion he became an extensive lumber manu- 
facturer, and his business has grown to one 
of the largest in Canada. He is known as a 



123 



successful stock raiser, and takes a keen 
interest in agriculture generally, having been 
President of the Russell Agricultural Society 
for many years. He established the lumber 
firm of W. C. Edwards & Co., in 1868; is a 
director of the Canadian Bank of Commerce; 
a director of The Toronto General Trusts 
Corporation, Toronto, and many other 
Toronto corporations and companies. After 
making a success of his own business inter- 
ests, he was induced to enter politics by 
many of his closest friends, and became the 
Liberal Candidate for the House of Commons 
for Russell at the general election of 1882, 
and was defeated, but was later elected at 
the general elections of 1891, 1896 and 1900, 
and became one of the foremost members in 
Parliament, and a very close friend of Sir 
Wilfrid Laurier, the then Premier of Canada. 
In January, 1885, he married Catherine M., 
eldest daughter of the late William Wilson, 
of Cumberland, Ont., and since their mar- 
riage they have drawn many warm personal 
friends to them both at Ottawa and their 
home town, Rockland. At the outbreak of 
the War in 1914, between Germany and her 
Allies, and the British-French-Russian Allies, 
Mr. Edwards displayed much generosity, and 
gave freely both of his time and money in 
the interest of the Motherland, and continued 
his services until the close of the War. On 
March 17, 1903, he was summoned to the 
Senate, as a reward for the many sacrifices 
made by him during his political and busi- 
ness life, and has filled the position with 
marked ability. 

Rust, G. H., C.E. (Victoria, B.C.), was 
born in Essex, England, on Christmas Day, 
1852; he received a thorough elementary and 
technical education, both in the Mother 
Country and in Canada. He entered the ser- 
vice of the City of Toronto, Ont., as rodman 
in 1877, and continued in that capacity until 
1881, when he was promoted to the position 
of assistant engineer, and in 1883 was 
made assistant engineer in charge of sewers. 
Mr. Rust held this position until 1891, and 
during his incumbency in this office super- 
intended the construction of 150 miles of 
sewer. From 1887 until 1891 he was prin- 
cipal assistant engineer. In 1892 Mr. Rust 
was made acting chief engineer, and in July, 
1898, he was appointed to the office of Chief 
Engineer of the city, and filled that office to 
the general satisfaction not only of the city, 
but also of the citizens. His work entailed 
much labor. He had charge of sewers, road- 
ways, sidewalks, bridges and waterworks, 



besides which all routes of street cars and 
style of cars used had to be approved by him. 
In 1887 Mr. Rust was elected a member of 
the Canadian Society of Engineers, and in 
1901 he became one of its presidents. In 
1899 he was elected a member of the Ameri- 
can Society of Civil Engineers, and was elect- 
ed one of the Vice-Presidents in 1913, and he is 
very prominent in his profession. In the begin- 
ning of 1912 Mr. Rust decided to resign 
the office of City Engineer to accept a 
similar position in the city of Victoria, 
B.C., and - upon leaving Toronto he was 
presented with testimonials from all sections 
of the community showing the high esteem 
and appreciation in which he was held as a 
public servant and citizen. 

Barry, Walter H. (Montreal, Que.), Mer- 
chant, is the son of George Barry and Mar- 
garet Bond, and relative of Arthur Barry and 
John A. Barry; was born in Toronto, June 
14, 1870, and educated at the High School; 
Married Isabel L- Logic, daughter of Robert 
Logic, a merchant of New York, and has one 
son, Gerald A. Barry, now Lieut. Gerald A. 
Barry. He is a member of the Masonic Fra- 
ternity and member of the Royal Victoria 
and Montreal Clubs, attends the English 
Church. His recreations are golf, fishing 
and curling. 

Adamson, Alan Joseph, is the son of 
John Evans Adamson, of "Kill House," 
Clifton, County of Galway, Ireland, and 
Harriette Bell, his wife, who was a daughter 
of the Rev. James Bell, of Baragher, Queen's 
County, Ireland. He was born at Kill 
House, Clifton, on August 1, 1857, and 
educated at the High School in Dublin. 
His father was a landed gentleman in Ire- 
land and the proprietor of the Kill estate, 
and the great-grandson of the fifth earl of 
Carberry. Mr. Adamson married in the 
year 1882, Julia, daughter of Robert Turriff, 
of Quebec, and a sister of J. G. Turriff, 
M.P. (Assiniboia), and is the father of the 
following children; John Evans and Chris- 
topher Arthur, Barristers, Winnipeg, the 
latter of whom was elected as Rhodes Scholar 
for the Province of Saskatchewan, in 1907; 
Allan Bell, Inspector, Winnipeg; James 
Douglas, Captain C.A.M.C.; Herbert, Lieut. 
27th Winnipeg Battalion; Lily, wife of Capt. 
A. S. Bell, Engineer; Harriette, Nurse, Win- 
nipeg General Hospital, and Gilbert, St. 
John's College, Winnipeg. He is a member 
of the Manitoba Club, the Canadian Auto- 
mobile Club, and Colonial Institute, London, 



124 



England. He is a member of the Church 
of England, and the Masonic Order, and is a 
Liberal in politics; represented the constitu- 
ency of Humboldt, in the House of Commons 
1904-1908. The subject of this sketch was a 
director of the Northern Bank and of the Sas- 
katchewan Valley & Manitoba Land Com- 
pany. He went originally to Winnipeg and 
embarked in the grain trade in 1883; was 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Manitoba Grand 
Company in 1896; removed to Rosthern in 
1899; was largely instrumental in attracting 
American capital and settlers to that region, 
and while there organized Canadian Terri- 
tories Corporation, of which he was President 
and Manager. This body 'holds the record 
for the value of its transactions among all 
the corporations existing in the west. Is 
an Anglican in religion and resides at 160 
Mayfair Avenue, Winnipeg, and has also a 
residence at "Carberry Hill" Limona, Florida. 
His principal recreation is golf. 

Diver, Frederick (Toronto, Ont.). Was 
born in London, Eng., and came to this coun- 
try with his parents when a youth. Mr. 
Diver learned the business of electrotyping 
and stereotyping, engraving, designing and 
"The Art Preservative of All Arts," namely, 
printing. Some years ago, Mr. Diver estab- 
lished the Central Press Agency, Limited, of 
which he is the President. The head offices 
of the Company are situated at 110-16 York 
St., Toronto, and the Company has large 
business connections throughout the Do- 
minion of Canada. Mr. Diver owes his suc- 
cess to his untiring industry, complete know- 
ledge of the details of the various branches of 
the work of his Company, and to his prac- 
tical business ability. His wife died a few 
years ago leaving her surviving children: Lt. 
F. G. Diver, who was since killed in action at 
the Battle of the Somme on Oct. 21, 1917; 
Ethel May, now wife of Halsey Wells of De- 
troit, U.S.A., and Victor Diver, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Central Press Agency, Ltd. Mr. 
Diver is a member of the National, Rosedale 
and Mississauga Clubs; of the Masonic 
Order, and also of the Church of England. 

Bellemare, Adelard (St. Paulin, Que.). 
Was born March 2, 1871, at St. Paulin, 
County of Maskinonge, P.Q., son of Francais 
Bellemare and Delima Julien, both French- 
Canadians. His grandfather was a teacher 
in 1845. Was educated at Three Rivers 
Seminary. Was formerly professor for three 
years at the College de Joliette and St. 
Laurent. Married, Feb. 2, 1898, to Par- 



melia, daughter of Edmond Bourgeois of 
Joliet, and is the father of six children: 
Hector Lucien, Maria, Albert, Jeanne and 
Cecile. Was lecturer for the C. N. d' Econ- 
omic. Elected to the House of Commons at 
the general elections in 1911, as an Independ- 
ent Conservative, to represent the constitu- 
ency of Maskinonge. In religion Mr. Belle- 
mare is a Roman Catholic. 

Birkett, Thomas. Was born in Bytown 
(now Ottawa), February 1, 1844. He is the 
son of Miles and Elizabeth (Wren) Birkett, 
who came to Canada from Cumberland, 
England, in 1838, and who saw that he re- 
ceived a good education at the Public and 
Grammar Schools, and that he was thoroughly 
prepared for commercial business life. That 
their efforts were not in vain was shown at 
an early date, in the rapid and successful 
progress that greeted his efforts and ventures. 
But, and in addition, they had the good 
fortune to see their son make his mark 
hi School, Municipal, Provincial and Dom- 
inion and other public affairs and to be 
elected to many public offices of trust 
where he distinguished himself in various 
ways and established an enviable record 
for . progressive, reliable and lasting ser- 
vice. In every public office, to which he 
was elected he devoted the attention and 
care that was made so evident and pronounced 
in his private business with the result that he 
not only made good, but cemented and en- 
larged the confidence and esteem of those 
who had selected him as their representative. 
Whether as director or trustee of a public 
institution, as member of the city council, 
mayor of the city, or as member of Parlia- 
ment, his conduct was the same and the re- 
sult the same, viz., conscientious devotion to 
duty attended by successful results. Many 
a time it has been proclaimed, even by those 
who were politically opposed to him, that 
having rendered to the State the continuous 
and valuable public services that he did, and 
in a manner so effective, that he would long 
ago have been called to the Canadian Senate, 
and great has been the surprise that he has 
not been. But being still robust in health, 
mentally and physically, and his activities 
being as marked as they were in former years, 
it may not be out of place to say that a seat 
in the Senate will be honored by his presence 
at an early date. Having served as an ap- 
prentice in the hardware trade to Mr. Isaac, 
in 1866, Mr. Birkett opened a retail hard- 
ware store on Rideau Street, prospered, and 
soon had to remove to larger premises. For 



125 



thirty years he kept in the retail business, 
which year by year assumed larger propor- 
tions and supplied goods to the many pros- 
perous and wealthy manufacturing towns and 
villages and thriving agricultural districts in 
the Ottawa Valley. Finding the demand for 
his goods still on the increase in 1896 he con- 
verted his private firm into a joint stock com- 
pany, of which he became president, his son 
Thomas M. Birkett, vice-president, and other 
members of the family shareholders, and 
launched into the wholesale business under 
the title of Thomas Birkett & Son Company, 
Limited, of Ottawa. To-day this wholesale 
firm is one of the most extensive, if not 
actually the largest hardware house in East- 
ern Ontario and is known from one end of 
Canada to the other. The building forms 
one of the best business blocks in Ottawa 
and is most advantageously situated, the 
warehouse doors opening direct on the 
wharves of the Rideau Canal basin. Mr. 
Birkett served as School Trustee from 1869 
to 1873; as Alderman, from 1873 to 1878; 
as Mayor, during 1891 and 1892. Since 1900 
he has been Trustee, Ottawa Collegiate In- 
stitute. In 1893 he declined nomination to 
the House of Commons, but in 1900 he was 
elected by a large majority. He ran in 1904 
and 1908 and was defeated. Mr. Birkett is 
President, Thos. Birkett, Son & Co., Ltd., 
Wholesale Hardware Merchants, Canal St., 
Ottawa; Director, Pritchard- Andrews En- 
graving Co. ; Life Director, Carleton County 
Protestant Hospital; Life Director, Protest- 
ant Hospital for the aged. He was instru- 
mental in erecting the Lady Stanley Institute 
for Trained Nurses; is Honorary Director, 
Central Canada Exposition Association. In 
1871 he married Mary Gallagher, daughter 
of Thomas Gallagher. She died in March, 
1902. In August, 1904, he married Henri- 
etta Gallagher, his deceased wife's half-sister. 
He is a member of the following clubs: Ot- 
tawa Hunt, Rivermead Golf (director), and 
of the A.F. & A.M. (32nd degree), the Odd- 
fellows, and St. George's Societies. His 
recreation is golf. Politics, Conservative. 
Religion, Methodist, and he resides at 306 
Metcalfe Street, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Anderson, Alexander James (Toronto, 
Ont.), was born in Adelaide Township, Mid- 
dlesex County, July 1, 1863, and was edu- 
cated at Strathroy High School and Osgoode 
Hall. Toronto is as famous for its Bar as it 
is in its commercial and manufacturing in- 
dustry, and in alluding to its leading mem- 
bers, prominent mention must be made 



of the subject of this sketch. Mr. Anderson 
started his professional career with J. S. 
Fullerton & Co., which partnership con- 
tinued from 1891 to 1897; from 1894 to 
1906 he practised alone; from 1907 to 1909 
was a member of the firm of Anderson & 
Gray, and entered his present partnership 
as senior member of the firm (Anderson 
& McMaster) in 1910. Having municipal 
aspirations, Mr. Anderson was elected 
to the Council of Toronto Junction from 
1899 to 1902; was corporation solicitor 
for West Toronto until the amalgamation 
with the city in 1909, when he was elected 
alderman to represent Ward Seven in the 
City Council. He was for four years a 
member of the West Toronto School Board, 
and was elected Chairman of that body in 
1899. During the elections in 1904 he was 
unanimously selected by the Liberals of 
South York as the party standard bearer, 
and though defeated he made a very 
creditable showing at the close of the polls. 
Mr. Anderson has many warm friends and 
supporters in the western portion of the city, 
and he will show unexpected strength should 
he again become a candidate. He is a Mason 
and takes an active interest in the welfare of 
the Order. 

Barnard, Hon. George Henry, K.C., 

Member of the Senate of Canada (Victoria, 
B.C.), is a son of Francis Jones Barnard, a 
Canadian who went to British Columbia 
from Ontario, when gold was first discovered 
in the Fraser River, in 1859, and shortly 
afterwards became the founder of the stage 
and express line from Yale, head of naviga- 
tion on the Fraser, to Barkerville, 400 miles 
to the north. On the famous Yale-Cariboo 
Road the elder Barnard long operated a line 
of stages and carried the mail to the mountain 
settlements of the district. The maiden 
name of the mother of the subject of this 
sketch was Ellen Hillman, and he was born 
at Victoria, B.C., Oct. 9, 1868. Sir Frank S. 
Barnard, K.C.M.G., Lieut.-Governor of Brit- 
ish Columbia, is a brother. He was educated 
at Trinity College School, Port Hope, and 
qualified for the law, entering practice at 
Victoria. He was appointed King's Counsel 
on Dec. 24, 1907. Senator Barnard took an 
active interest in municipal affairs and served 
as Alderman, 1902-3. In 1904 he was elected 
Mayor of Victoria and continued in office for 
two years. He was first elected to the House 
of Commons for that city at the general elec- 
tions of 1908, as a Conservative and was re- 
elected in 1911. On Oct. 23, 1917, he was 



126 



elevated to the Senate of Canada by the 
newly-formed Union Government of Sir 
Robert Borden. Senator Barnard is a prom- 
inent social figure both at Victoria and Ot- 
tawa, and is a member of the Union Club, 
Victoria, the Vancouver Club, the Rideau 
Club, Ottawa and the Constitutional Club, 
London, Eng. He was married on June 5, 
1895, to Ethel Burnham, daughter of Lieut.- 
Col. H. C. Rogers, Postmaster of Peterboro, 
Ont., is an Anglican in religion and a 
Unionist in politics. 

Ashby, Joseph Seraphin Aitne, M.L.A. 

(Lachine, Que.), son of George Ashby and 
Eprosime Messier, both French Canadians; 
was born at Ste. Marie de Monnoir, Province 
of Quebec, April 30, 1876. Educated at the 
college of Ste. Marie de Monnoir. Married 
Hectorine Ste. Marie, daughter of Pierre 
Zotique Ste. Marie, of Longueuil, Que., and 
is the father of two children, Lucette, born 
November 7, 1908, and Georgette, born 
August 7, 1910. Mr. Ashby is a Roman 
Catholic in religion, and is a member of the 
Montreal Reform Club, the Order of Catholic 
Foresters, the Alliance Nationale, Union St. 
Joseph de Lachine, and The Knights of 
Columbus. Was elected to the Quebec 
Legislature as the Liberal representative for 
the constituency of Jacques Cartier on May 
16, 1916. Mr. Ashby is a Notary Public by 
profession. 

Gariepy, Wilfrid, B.A., B.C.L., K.C., 
M.L.A. (Edmonton, Alberta), was born at 
Montreal, P.Q., on March 14, 1877. He 
is the son of Joseph H. Gariepy, for many 
years a pioneer and leading merchant in the 
city of Edmonton, an alderman and school 
trustee, and, by the way, a native of St. Lin, 
P.Q., where was also born Sir Wilfrid Laurier. 
In days gone by the Gariepys and the 
Lauriers intermingled considerably and Sir 
Wilfrid when a boy attended the parish com- 
mon school along with the grandfather of the 
hero of this sketch. It was only natural 
that our subject should at his birth be christ- 
ened after the renowned Liberal Leader, who 
in 1877 was already in the political limelight. 
Four generations of Gariepys were born and 
lived on the same homestead at St. Lin, 
three miles from the parochial church. The 
mother of Mr. Wilfrid Gariepy, Etudienne 
Boissonneault, who is yet living and residing 
in Edmonton, as well as her husband, is a 
daughter of Noel Boissonneault, one of the 
founders of the Town of Morinville, Alberta, 
as he came from the Province of Quebec with 



the first contingent of colonists brought west 
in 1891 by the late Father J. B. Morin, one 
of the most enthusiastic colonization agents 
of his day. Noel Boissonneault was at one 
time a leading Liberal politician in the East- 
ern Townships and for some years was the 
moving spirit of the St. Onge Gold Mining 
Company, which did business on the Gilbert 
River in Beauce County, P.Q. A maternal 
ancestor of our subject was among the French- 
Canadian soldiers who fought for the British 
Crown in 1812. On the other hand it is 
worth noting that another figured in the up- 
rising of 1837-1838, in favor of constitutional 
government, on the shores of the St. Law- 
rence. Mr. Wilfrid Gariepy was educated 
at the Sisters of Providence Academy, "Le 
jardin de 1'enfance," on St. Denis Street, in 
Montreal, beginning in September, 1881; at 
Notre Dame College, Cote des Neiges, Mon- 
treal, where he spent two years; at St. 
Laurent's College with the Fathers of the 
Holy Cross, remaining there until January, 
1891, when ill-health compelled him to aban- 
don his classical studies. He was then in the 
middle of versification. Deciding to turn 
his activities into other channels, he attended 
the Montreal Business College for some 
months and afterwards became a clerk in his 
father's store: first, in general groceries on 
St. Paul Street, Montreal, and later in Ed- 
monton, on Jasper Avenue, to which town the 
family moved in March, 1893. In Montreal, 
although very young, Mr. W. Gariepy indi- 
cated his political tastes by being one of the 
active members of the "Club Letellier," one 
of the oldest Liberal organizations, and also 
by taking a hand in a mayoralty campaign 
in favor of the Hon. James McShane, the 
famous "people's Jimmy," and by working 
for the Hon. Honor6 Mercier and his can- 
didates after the famous "renvoi d'ofEce." 
In 1893 Edmonton had just become a town, 
with a population of less than 1,000, no 
modern conveniences, with the exception of 
a rudimentary telephone and electric light 
system. Needless to say, streets were un- 
paved and there were not even any sidewalks. 
Still the town had a Mock Parliament, and 
we find our subject a member of it, with a 
portfolio in its government. Mr. W. Gariepy 
was elected one of the secretaries of the 
Liberal Club and also became, in 1894, at its 
foundation, secretary to the Societe de St. 
Jean Baptiste of Edmonton. In 1895, with 
the Hon. Frank Oliver, who had just been 
selected as Liberal candidate of Alberta, 
Mr. W. Gariepy made a tour north of Ed- 
monton, during which he addressed several 



127 



meetings. It was in September, 1895, that 
Mr. Gariepy found his health and other cir- 
cumstances such that he was able to return 
to the St. Laurent College to complete his 
classical course. He stayed in that institu- 
tion until June, 1897, during which period 
he for one year filled the presidency of the 
Literary Academy of the college. In the 
rhetoric bacheloriate on papers submitted by 
Laval University, Mr. Gariepy succeeded 
with great honors. He next went to the 
Seminary of Philosophy with the Sulpician 
Fathers, to follow a two years' course in phil- 
osophy, which gave him the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts of Laval University. He chose 
the profession of law and became articled in 
Montreal to Mr. Matthew Hutchinson, now 
a judge of the Superior Court, in Sherbrooke. 
P.Q., with whom he remained for three years, 
in the meantime following the law lectures at 
McGill University, from which institution he 
received, in April, 1902, the degree of Bach- 
elor of Civil Law. In 1901 Mr. Gariepy had 
the honor of being selected by the McGill 
Faculty of Law to represent it at the Laval 
Law Students' Banquet, at the city of Quebec. 
In the federal and provincial campaigns 
in 1900, Mr. W. Gariepy for several months 
addressed meetings, spending the bulk of his 
time in the constituency of Terrebonne, at 
the request of the late Honorables Raymond 
Prefontaine and Jean Prevost. At that 
period, at the formation of a Liberal Stu- 
dents' Association in Montreal, he was elected 
its Secretary, while the Vice- President 
thereof was Walter Mitchell, the present 
Provincial Treasurer of Quebec. Having 
been admitted to the Bar of the Province of 
Quebec in January, 1903, Mr. Gariepy im- 
mediately secured his enrolment in the Bar 
of the North- West Territories and opened an 
office in Edmonton on the same spot where 
years before he had been carrying on work 
as a clerk in his father's store. In the follow- 
ing May a by-election having been called to 
elect a member for the constituency of St. 
Albert, in the North- West Territories Legis- 
lature, at a convention, Mr. Gariepy accept- 
ed the nomination but for personal reasons 
subsequently withdrew from the contest. 
For three years Mr. Gariepy was a member 
of the law firm of Taylor, Boyle and Gariepy, 
the senior member being Judge H. C. Taylor, 
of Edmonton District, and the other mem- 
ber, the Hon. J. R. Boyle, now Minister of 
Education in the Alberta Government. From 
1907 to 1911, Mr. Gariepy was a member of 
the law firm of Gariepy & Landry, his partner 
being Mr. Hector Landry, son of the late Sir 



Pierre Landry, of New Brunswick. Mr. 
Gariepy is now the senior member of the firm 
of Gariepy, Dunlop & Pratt. This firm is 
among the leading firms of the City of Ed- 
monton, and while his present political activ- 
ities prevent our subject from devoting much 
time to law, he has always paid great atten- 
tion to his law practice. He has had the 
distinction of figuring as leading counsel in 
two murder cases one, the Gladu Brothers, 
who were acquitted, and the other the Bar- 
rett case, that life convict who was con- 
demned to capital punishment after having 
been convicted of wilfully killing with an axe, 
Deputy-Governor Stedman, of the Edmon- 
ton Penitentiary. For six years Mr. Gariepy 
was a member of the Separate School Board 
of Edmonton, being chairman of the commis- 
sion for two years. It was under his chair- 
manship that the Separate School on Third 
Street was erected. In December, 1906, he 
was elected an alderman of the city of Edmon- 
ton, and although running for the first time 
in the city at large, as there are no wards, he 
came second on the list, the first one beating 
him only by one vote. Two years later Mr. 
W. Gariepy was re-elected, this time at 
the head of the list, having some 300 more 
votes than the next man. While an alder- 
man he held the chairmanship of several im- 
portant committees and was delegated on 
two occasions: first, to Chicago with ex- 
Mayor J. A. McDougall, to inspect the auto- 
matic telephone system, which was eventually 
to be installed in Edmonton; and, second, 
to Ottawa with ex-Mayor Lee, to interview 
the Dominion Government respecting the 
Dominion's contribution towards the con- 
struction of the C.P.R. high-level bridge be- 
tween Strathcona and Edmonton. It was 
during Mr. Gariepy's term of office that the 
Edmonton automatic telephone system was 
installed; that the street railway system was 
completed and put in operation; and that 
the C.P.R high-level bridge was completed 
and opened for traffic; and that negotiations 
for the amalgamation of Edmonton and 
Strathcona were begun. In 1910 Mr. 
Gariepy was chairman of the civic committee 
that organized such a splendid reception as 
was tendered to Sir Wilfrid Laurier, then 
Prime Minister, on the occasion of his visit 
to the Capital of Alberta, and it was at that 
time that Mr. Gariepy secured the adoption 
of a resolution by the city council giving to 
a park the name of "Laurier Park." Mr. 
Gariepy took a leading part in the federal 
campaigns of 1904, 1908 and 1911. In 1909 
he was the unsuccessful Liberal candidate in 



128 







SENATOR W. C. EDWARDS 
Ottawa 



the provincial constituency of St. Albert, his 
successful opponent being also a Liberal, as 
there was no Conservative candidate run- 
ning. In 1911 he was elected Grand Knight 
of the Edmonton Council of the Knights of 
Columbus; in 1907 he was elected president 
of the Edmonton Societe de St. Jean Baptiste; 
in 1912 he was elected vice-president of the 
French-Canadian Alberta Convention, held 
in Edmonton, and by that convention was 
elected as the only delegate to represent it 
at the French-Canadian Congress held that 
year in the city of Quebec; in 1913 he was 
elected president of the Societ6 du Parler- 
Francais of Alberta, and as such presided 
over the French-Canadian congress of Al- 
berta, held at Edmonton in 1914. On 
September 9, 1903, Mr. Wilfrid Gariepy 
married Albertina Lessard, daughter of Jean 
P. Lessard and Annie Davidson, of Cran- 
bourne, P.Q., a sister of the Hon. P. E- 
Lessard, M.L.A., for St. Paul, and a former 
business partner of Mr. J: H. Gariepy. We 
may note that Mr. P. E. Lessard had pre- 
viously married Miss Helne Gariepy, the 
eldest sister of our subject. From the mar- 
riage of Mr. W. Gariepy with Miss Lessard 
have been born four children: Hormidas, 
Marcelle, Wilfrid and George. Mr. Gariepy 
is a member of the Y.M.C.A. and a lieutenant 
in the 101st Edmonton Fusiliers. In 1912 
he was elected as president of the Edmonton 
Liberal Association; on March 17, 1913, 
he was elected a member of the legis- 
lature for Beaver River. At the first session 
of that parliament, in the following Septem- 
ber, he was chosen to make the speech in 
moving the adoption of the Speech from 
the Throne. On November 28, 1913, 
he was sworn in as Minister of Municipal 
Affairs, becoming a member of the adminis- 
tration headed by the Hon. Arthur L. Sifton. 
On December 15, 1913, Mr. Gariepy 
was re-elected for Beaver River, by accla- 
mation. On December 22, 1913, at 
the Cecil Hotel, as a compliment on his be- 
coming a member of the government, his 
French-Canadian compatriots, numbering 
some four hundred, tendered him a banquet. 
In September, 1915, Mr. Gariepy represented, 
with the Hon. Mr. Sifton, the Province of 
Alberta at a national tax conference held in 
San Francisco, California. In March, 1913, 
Mr. Gariepy was made a King's Counsel for 
the Province of Alberta. In August, 1915, 
the same honor was conferred on him by the 
Province of Quebec. At the date of writing 
this biography, Mr. Gariepy has been for 
over five years a member of the Alberta 



Government and his friends predict that 
he has yet a long public career to fulfil. 
As Minister of Municipal Affairs for Alberta 
Mr. Gariepy has been responsible for the 
introduction of legislation which has been a 
landmark in the western provinces, namely: 
The Wild Lands Tax Act and the Municipal 
Hospitals Act. 

Byrne, Daniel J., Vice- President and 
General Manager, Leonard Fisheries, Mon- 
treal, Que., producers, curers and packers of 
sea and lake foods. Entered the employ of 
that firm as a lad in 1886, and steadily rose 
to his present responsible position with a 
reputation as one of the leading authorities 
in Canada on all questions relating to the 
fishing industry. Leonard Fisheries, which 
started business in 1875, and is now one of 
the leading concerns in its line, was incor- 
porated under its present form in 1917, as 
a result of the consolidation Leonard Bros., 
Matthews & Scott, and A. Wilson & Son. 
This was brought about largely through the 
efforts of Mr. Byrne, with the object of 
effecting economies in organization and dis- 
tribution. The firm has branches in many 
parts of the Maritime Provinces, notably St. 
Johns, N.B., and Halifax, N.S. The subject 
of this sketch was born in Montreal, April, 
1871, and married Mary Louisa, daughter of 
William Dalt, of Montreal, July, 1900, by 
whom he has one son, John W. In 1915 he 
was called on to address the Conservation 
Commission at Ottawa on the subject of 
"Canada's Fisheries." Mr. Byrne is a mem- 
ber of the following Clubs: The Engineer's, 
Country and Rotary. He is a Roman 
Catholic in religion and Independent in 
politics. His recreation is golf, fishing and 
motoring. 

Harper, John Murdoch (Quebec City), 
the Canadian educationist and author, came 
to Canada in the year of Confederation, 1867, 
to take charge of an Academy in New Bruns- 
wick. He was born in Johnstone, Renfrew- 
shire, Scotland, on the 10th of February, 
1845, the eldest son of Robert Montgomery 
Harper, the founder of the first newspaper 
published in that town. His grand-uncle 
was Robert Montgomery, who was for many 
years a mill-owner and manufacturer in 
Johnstone. From school he entered the 
Glasgow E. C. Training College, after taking 
a Queen's Scholarship, and graduated as a 
teacher from it with the highest certificate 
of his year granted by the Lords of the Coun- 
cil of Education, London, and with special 



129 



certificates from the Science and Art De- 
partment, Kensington. After coming to 
Canada he became a graduate of Queen's 
University, Kingston, and thereafter received 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, from the 
Illinois University, after completing the three 
years' post-graduate course in the section of 
metaphysical science. In 1881 he was unan- 
imously elected a Fellow of the Educational 
Institute of Scotland, an honor seldom con- 
ferred on teachers laboring outside of Great 
Britain. For a time he acted as principal of 
the Model Schools of Nova Scotia, and after- 
wards as principal of the Victoria High School 
of St. John, New Brunswick. While there 
he was asked by the Premier of Prince Ed- 
ward Island to become Superintendent of 
Education in that province, which he declined 
to accept. But when the Victoria School 
buildings were destroyed in the great fire of 
St. John, he was induced to accept the 
principalship of the Provincial Normal School 
in Charlottetown and the Supervisorship of 
the City Schools, while St. John and its 
school buildings were being rebuilt. At the 
end of three years spent in inaugurating the 
new system of schools in Prince Edward 
Island, he was invited, in face of his inclina- 
tion to return to his former position in New 
Brunswick, to take charge of the Quebec 
High School as its Rector; and, accepting 
the appointment, he thus became identified 
with the educational interests of the Prov- 
ince of Quebec, where he has labored ever 
since, closing his career as an educationist in 
active service as Inspector of the Protestant 
Superior Schools of that province. While 
holding that office he entered upon his voca- 
tion as an author, having been for many 
years editor-in-chief of the "Educational 
Record," a contributor to the "Educational 
Monthly" of Ontario, the "Queen's Quarter- 
ly," and other periodicals, besides being as- 
sociated with Dr. Thomas Morison, of 
Glasgow, one of the most distinguished 
of the educationists of Scotland, in the 
compilation of sundry text-books. His 
earlier essays and addresses on "The New 
Education," and "Cause and Effect in 
School Work," led to his issue of "A Manual 
on Moral Drill," in line with his plead- 
ings for an educative "Mental and Physical 
Drill" in the schools of the day. His plan 
for a definite moral training is thus 
spoken of by a New York educationist and 
author of high standing: "Dr. Harper's 
work is entirely original. It is sound. It is 
eminently practical and it should be most 
heartily adopted by all who have the train- 



ing of the young in hand, and who earnestly 
desire that the rising generation may develop 
into a 'coming race,' in whom moral recti- 
tude will be natural and spontaneous." As 
an author, Dr. Harper has had a career as 
full of the best kind of literary work, as has 
been his career as an educationist in advice 
with his co-workers in school progress 
throughout Canada. The list of the books 
he has written is all but incredibly large. 
His chef-d'ouvre is unquestionably his drama 
of "Champlain," which has given him rank, 
as one critic says, as the greatest of our Can- 
adian dramatic poets since the days of 
Heavysege. The late George Murray, of 
Montreal, a writer of just discrimination, 
claimed that Dr. Harper is one of the most 
versatile and prolific of Canadian litterateurs. 
A partial list of his literary output from year 
to year includes the following: "The Devel- 
opment of the Greek Drama," "The Chron- 
icles of Kartdale," "Sacrament Sunday and 
the Bells of Kartdale," "The Earliest Be- 
ginnings of Canada," "The Montgomery 
Siege," "The Little Sergeant," "The Seer of 
Silver Lake," "Domini Domus, or the Cha- 
teau St. Louis," "The Songs of the Common- 
wealth," and "A Guide to Good Will in the 
Empire." Three uniformly bound volumes 
of his series of "Studies in Verse and Prose," 
have so far appeared, including "The Battle 
of the Plains," and "The Annals of the War," 
supplementary to his " Champlain, a Drama." 
With the influence of his earlier years cling- 
ing to him, he has not failed to produce many 
pieces that depict the scenes of the land of 
his birth; and his poetic status as a versifier 
in the Doric of the Scottish Lowlands has 
been duly recognized by Dr. John D. Ross 
in his volume on "The Scottish Poets in 
America," as well as by the gifted author of 
the book entitled "The Scot in America." 
Dr. Ross pays a high tribute to the author 
of "Sacrament Sunday," "Saint Andrew's 
Day," "The Old Graveyard," "Auld Jeames 
and His Crack," "Horace in the Doric," 
and others of Dr. Harper's Scottish odes, in 
such words as these: "Sweet as the note of a 
bird in the wildwood, strongly embued with 
patriotism, fervent in religious sentiment, 
eloquent in thought, pure in expression, and 
noble in purpose, ,form a few of the character- 
istics of Dr. Harper, the Canadian educa- 
tionist and author." In addition to all this, 
Dr. Harper is a loyal Canadian. In all his 
public utterances and in the pleadings of his 
prolific authorship in book or magazine or 
newspaper, he is a Canadian citizen who 
upholds as a British subject the ample pa- 



ISO 



triotism of the British Empire. He has been 
twice married, his first wife's maiden name 
having been Miss Agnes Kirkwood, daughter 
of William Kirkwood of Stanley Muir, near 
Paisley, and his second, Miss Elizabeth 
Hastings, daughter of Andrew Hastings, of 
St. John and step-daughter of William 
Nossack, a former Mayor of Quebec. His 
family has comprised two sons and five 
daughters. His grandson, Major John 
Harper Evans, has been a soldier at the 
front, after his training at the Kingston 
Royal Military College. 

Brennan, John Charles. In 1854, when 
but a boy, when Ottawa (then By-Town) 
had only some 7,000 inhabitants, when the 
old Ottawa and St. Lawrence Railway was 
just built the only line of railway con- 
necting Ottawa with other towns at 
that time when houses were few and far 
between and when there was no prospect 
of the place being selected by Her Most 
Gracious Majesty the late Queen Victoria as 
the Capital of the Dominion of Canada, the 
subject of this sketch became a member of 
the wholesale grocery firm of S. Howell & 
Co., with which he remained for twenty- 
seven years, retiring from business in 1881. 
While giving his untiring care to the affairs 
of the firm, and by his energy and business 
tact adding in a marked degree to its ad- 
vancement its commercial and financial 
success Mr. Brennan, with full confidence 
in the future that he perceived was in store 
for Ottawa, never lost an opportunity 
to place his time, ambition and money 
in channels leading to its improvement 
and, with other enterprising citizens, ex- 
erted his every endeavor to stimulate 
its growth and importance. To-day, with 
marked pride, he sees the seven thou- 
sand population increased to one hun- 
dred and twenty thousand, the once 
fields and uncared-for lanes converted 
into beautifully paved streets, parks, 
and gardens, the costly Parliament Build- 
ings, standing in all their grandeur upon the 
hill overlooking the Ottawa River; huge 
commercial, financial and office buildings 
and apartment houses galore facing the 
eye at every angle, and handsome modern 
residences in abundance. Aside from his 
other real estate holdings, Mr. Brennan, on 
the corner of Bank and Queen Streets, 
in the very midst of the Capital's 
commercial and financial activities, has 
placed that large and solidly-constructed 
office building, "The Trafalgar." Mr. Brennan 



has ever taken a keen interest in Ottawa's hos- 
pitals, charitable institutions, churches, etc., 
and has unstintingly contributed to their sup- 
port. Whenever called upon to help advance 
their interests he has freely contributed his 
quota, and more. During the great war, 
his moral, physical, intellectual and financial 
aid have ever been given to promote the 
successful operations of the Govern- 
ment, and to afford the war workers, 
the boys at the front and the re- 
turned soldiers, material help. Mr. Bren- 
nan has grown up with the city and together 
both he and it have prospered. Although 
solicited on many occasions to enter into 
public life he has steadfastly refused, being 
satisfied in his private capacity as a citizen 
to do his share in making general progress 
his goal. Mr. John Charles Brennan was 
born at Frankville, Ontario, January 23, 
1839. He is the son of John and Amelia 
Maria (Howell) Brennan; he was educated 
in the Public Schools and private tuition. 
June 5, 1899, he married Alice Maud 
Wilson, daughter of Zachariah Wilson of 
"Clandeboye," late Collector of Customs at 
the Port of Ottawa. He has one son and 
two daughters John Charles, Amelia Eliz- 
abeth and Jocelyn Maud Wilson. He is a 
member of the Ottawa Hunt, Connaught 
Park Jockey, the Gatineau Fish and Game, 
and the Rideau Fish and Game Clubs. For 
recreation he indulges in hunting, fishing and 
travelling. In politics he is a Conservative, 
in religion a Methodist, and his place of 
residence is 150 Cooper Street, Ottawa. 

Bulman, William John (Winnipeg, 
Man.), one of the most prominent and pro- 
gressive business men of Manitoba, was born 
at Toronto on April 5, 1870, the son of 
William and Frances (Cable) Bulman. He 
was educated in the Toronto Public Schools 
and, on leaving school at the age of sixteen, 
learned the art of the lithographer, in which 
he was employed in his native city for six 
years. In 1892 he went to Winnipeg and 
founded the business of Bulman Bros., Ltd., 
Lithographers, of which he is President and 
which is one of the most important firms of 
its kind in Canada. In promoting the ad- 
vancement of Winnipeg he has been inde- 
fatigable. He was one of the founders of the 
Winnipeg Industrial Bureau, and was its Presi- 
dent from 1911 to 1913. He was Hon. Secre- 
tary of the Manitoba branch of the Canadiarf 
Manufacturers' Association for some years 
and subsequently became 2nd Vice-President 
for Canada. At the annual convention of 



131 



the C.M.A., held at Winnipeg in the summer 
of 1918, he was elected President of that 
body, an office which is coveted by all Can- 
adian business men. He is also a member of 
the council of the Winnipeg Board of Trade. 
Mr. Bulman has also been very prominent 
in educational affairs and was for a number 
of years a member of the Advisory Board of 
the Manitoba Education Department. He 
has been a School Trustee of Winnipeg since 
1912 and Chairman of various Com- 
mittees. During the great war he was 
very active in support of patriotic objects, 
and was Vice-President of the Manitoba 
Patriotic Fund. He is the originator of the 
Imperial Home Reunion Association, which 
aims at assisting the man who desires to 
make a home for himself in the West to 
bring the members of his family to this coun- 
try. This idea has had the approval of 
many eminent Imperial thinkers. He is also 
the originator of the movement for citizenship 
through the schools, now a national one, 
with a National Conference to be held in 
August under the patronage of His Honor 
the Governor-General. Winnipeg possesses 
no citizen more popular with all classes 
of the community and he is Honorary 
President of the Manitoba Conservative As- 
sociation. He is a member of the Carle- 
ton and Manitoba Clubs and the Na- 
tional Club, Toronto, and his recreations 
are motoring, motor boating, cruising and 
fishing at his summer home, Kenora, Ont. 
He is a Methodist in religion, and in 1894 
married Lily, daughter of Samuel Thompson, 
of Toronto, and has five children, Eileen, 
Bessie, Dorothy, Lillian and John. He re- 
sides at 104 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg. 

Freiman, Archibald J., who conducts 
one of the leading department stores of Ot- 
tawa, at 73 Rideau Street, was born at Wir- 
ballen, Poland, on June 6, 1880, the son of 
H. and Hannah Freiman. His early educa- 
tion was received in Poland, which was sup- 
plemented on his coming to this country in 
1893, by courses in the public schools of 
Hamilton and at Hamilton Business College. 
He commenced his business career in 1899, 
by establishing the Canadian House Furnish- 
ing Company, at Kingston, Ont., in partner- 
ship with M. Cramer. In 1902 the business 
was removed to Ottawa owing to the limited 
possibilities for development in Kingston. 
In 1905, Mr. Cramer's interest was purchased 
by Mr. Freiman, Sr., who remained in part- 
nership with his son until 1910, when Mr. A. 
J. Freiman bought his father out and has 



since conducted the business in his own name. 
He has been a pronounced success from the 
outset and is recognized as one of the leading 
retail merchants of Eastern Ontario. He is 
an orthodox Hebrew in religion and president 
of the Congregation Adath Eshuroon. He 
is vice-president of the Zionist Federation of 
Canada; a member of the A.F. & A.M., 
Knights of Pythias and I.O.O.F.; a director 
of Per ley Home for Incurables ; director of Cen- 
tral Canada Exhibition Association; director 
of Protestant Hospital ; member of Laurentian 
Club and Kiwanis Club, Ottawa; and Monte- 
fiore and Maimondis Clubs, of Montreal. Is 
an enthusiastic motorist and member of the 
Ontario Motor League. On August 18, 1903, 
he married Lillian, daughter of Moses Bilsky, 
and has one son and two daughters. He 
resides at 149 Somerset Street, Ottawa. 

Breadner, Robert Walker, Commissioner 
of Taxation of the Department of Fin- 
ance and Dominion Appraiser, Depart- 
ment of Customs, Ottawa, is one of the 
leading economic experts of the Dominion 
of Canada. He was born at Athel- 
stan, Quebec, on January 13, 1865, the 
son of the late Major Joshua and Beatrice 
Dudgeon (Walker) Breadner. He was edu- 
cated at the Protestant Separate School of 
his native village, and later at the High 
School of Port Henry, N.Y. He entered 
the civil service of the Dominion in 1884 as 
a clerk in the Post Office Department, 
Ottawa. He was transferred to the Customs 
Department in 1892 and in 1894 became 
chief Check Clerk of that branch, a post he 
continued to hold in connection with other 
duties until 1908. From 1898 to 1906 he 
also held the position of Dominion Appraiser 
and in the latter year became Inspector of 
Customs, holding the position until 1908. 
Throughout this period he was also a member 
of the Board of Customs. It will be seen 
that few men had had such a detailed ex- 
perience in dealing with all the manifold 
questions relating to tariffs, and in 1908 the 
Canadian Manufacturers Association in- 
duced him to leave the service of the Govern- 
ment and become manager of their Tariff 
Department. In this position he remained 
for four years. In 1912, because of his 
expert knowledge, the newly formed Borden 
Government induced him to return to the 
Civil Service as Confidential Tariff Officer, 
also appointing him to his old position as 
Dominion Appraiser and member of the 
Board of Customs. When during the war 
the Government decided on its policy of 



132 



. 



Gordon Grant 
Ott 






ttawa 




taxing business profits, Mr. Breadner was 
put in charge of the details and has given 
great satisfaction by his efficient organization 
of the difficult task. In addition to his many 
other duties Mr. Breadner found time to 
serve on the Ottawa Board of Education for 
four years. He is a member of the following 
clubs: Laurentian, Ottawa; Canada Bowling 
(Toronto), and these societies: I.O.O.F., 
I.O.F., L.O.L., A.O.U.W., Royal Arcanum. 
He is a Presbyterian in religion and on Sept- 
ember 7, 1887, married Nellie, daughter of 
Andrew D. Fraser, Ottawa. He has one son 
and four daughters, and since his duties 
compelled his removal to Toronto has resided 
at 41 Albany Ave. in the latter city. 

Black, Henry, 2322 St. John St., Regina, 
| Saskatchewan, one of the large realty own- 

ers of that city; was born in Grenville County, 
Ontario, on February 14, 1875, the son of 
William John and Elizabeth Black. His 
father, who was a farmer, died when the sub- 
ject of this sketch was twelve years old. His 
education was obtained in the Grenville 
Township Public School, and as a youth he 
removed to British Columbia, finally settling 
down in Regina, as a builder and contractor. 
He is now the owner of two blocks of apart- 
ments and of a business block in the capital 
of Saskatchewan, and is counted one of her 
most solid and progressive citizens. He has 
taken an active part in municipal affairs, was 
alderman in 1915-6-7 and Mayor in 1918 and 
1919. On Dec. 15, 1910, he married Jennie 
Lanona, daughter of C. W. Barker, and has 
three children, Henry Kenneth, Charles 
Russell and William Franklin. In religion 
he is a Presbyterian. 

Dargavel, John Robertson (Elgin, Ont.), 
is the son of Robert Dargavel and Miriam, 
his wife, both Scotch, was born May 3, 1864, 
at the Township of Crosby, in the County 
of Leeds. Educated at the public schools 
of South Crosby. Is a successful mer- 
chant, dairyman and farmer. Married, 
September 26, 1870, to Mary Jane, daughter 
of the late Robert Hopkins, merchant, of 
Newboro. Is President of the Eastern On- 
tario Dairymen's Association; Clerk of the 
Township of South Crosby for the past 30 
years; a member of the Elgin School Board 
for the past 20 years. Is a member of the 
Masonic Order being P.D.D.G.M. for Fron- 
tenac District, also a member of the I.O.O.F. 
Mr. Dargavel has three children, viz. : Helen, 
James Sawtell, and Mary. He was first 
elected to the Ontario Legislature as a Con- 



servative at the General Elections of 1905, 
and re-elected at the general elections of 
1908, 1911 and 1914. Has been Chairman 
of the Agricultural Committee of the Legis- 
lature, where his knowledge of agriculture 
and dairying has been very valuable to the 
Assembly. Has also served on the Prison 
Labor Committee and the Provincial Milk 
Commission. Is a member of the Church of 
England and a delegate to the Diocesan and 
General Synods. 

Ethier, Joseph Arthur Calixte, was 
born at St. Benoit (Two Mountains), Quebec, 
May 26, 1868. Son of J. B. Ethier and wife, 
Julie Boyer. Educated at Montreal College. 
Married, first, Therise Fortier, daughter of 
Dr. I/. A. Fortier, and secondly, Hedwidge 
Fortier, also daughter of Dr. L. A. Fortier, 
and is the father of the following children: 
Marie Therese and Marcelle. Deputy Pro- 
thonotary of the District of Terrebonne, 
1888-1895. Crown Prosecutor for the Dis- 
trict of Terrebonne; Mayor of the Village 
of St. Scholastique for six years; Secretary- 
Treasurer of Schools, rural municipalities 
of St. Scholastique and St. Columbin; Sec- 
retary of "La Compagnie d'Assurance Mu- 
tuelle de la paroisse de St. Scholastique." Is 
a brilliant Advocate .and King's Counsel; 
is President of the Ontario Cobalt Mining 
Co., Ltd. First elected to the House of 
Commons, June 13, 1896, for the constitu- 
ency of Two Mountains, Quebec; re-elected 
in 1900-1904 and re-elected by acclamation 
in 1911. Appointed Chairman of Committee 
on Miscellaneous Private Bills during the 
Session of 1907. Mr. Ethier was again 
re-elected at the General Election held in 
1917. . He is a Liberal and a Roman Catholic. 

Grierson, Hon. George Allison, Min- 
ister of Public Works, Winnipeg. Born, 
April 11, 1867, at Brantford, Ont. Son of 
George Grierson and Margaret Edmundson. 
Educated at Brantford, Ont., and Winnipeg 
Public School and Collegiate Institute. Went 
to Manitoba in 1879, attending the Winnipeg 
Collegiate Institute, 1883-4, obtaining First 
Class Teacher's Certificate; attended Normal 
School, 1885, and was the first candidate to 
pass newly authorized First-Class Teachers' 
Professional Course, 1886. Was Principal 
Minnedosa Public School, 1887-90, 1892- 
1902. Married, December 28, 1892, to 
Christina, daughter of Samuel Matheson, of 
Kildonan, Manitoba. A member of the 
Masonic Order and a Veteran Oddfellow. 
Was interested in lacrosse in the earlier days, 



133 



and at present finds recreation in curling. 
Member of the Presbyterian Church. Was 
Councillor of the Town of Minnedosa for 
some years and Mayor, 1914-1915. Was a 
Liberal candidate for Marquette for the 
House of Commons in September, 1911, but 
was defeated by Hon. W. J. Roche. First 
elected to Legislature for the Province of 
Manitoba, in the general elections, 1914, as 
a Liberal candidate for Minnedosa, and re- 
elected in 1915. Was Liberal Whip in the 
Manitoba Legislature during the sessions of 
1914-15-16. Was re-elected for the Con- 
stituency of Minnedosa at the last elections 
and is at present Minister of Public Works 
in the Norris Government. The Honorable 
Mr. Grierson is a gifted speaker and an inde- 
fatigable worker, and thoroughly versed in 
the details of his department. 

Gale, George Charles, Secretary Gale 
Manufacturing Company, Ltd., Manufac- 
turers, Toronto, was born in Toronto, where 
he has for some years successfully carried 
on business, on the 26th of April, 1874. 
Son of James William Gale and Matilda 
Sophia Pitt. Educated at Jarvis Street 
Collegiate Institute, and Upper Canada 
College. Married, February, 1907, Etta F., 
daughter of T. B. Taylor, and is the father 
of one son, George Taylor Gale, born 
May 19, 1913. Mr. Gale always takes a 
prominent part in Amateur Athletics and 
was actively identified for many years with 
the Toronto Lacrosse Club, being one of the 
players of that famous organization. He 
is a member of the National Club, Lambton 
Golf and Country Club, and the Victoria 
Club and also the Masonic Order, being a 
member of Ashlar Masonic Lodge, St. Paul's 
Chapter. In religion he is an Anglican. 

Flavelle, William M., of Lindsay, Ont., 
is a sound, progressive business man, who 
has played an important part in the develop- 
ment of that section of Central Ontario ad- 
jacent to the home town. He was born at 
Peterboro in March, 1853, where he attended 
the Public and High Schools. His parents 
were John and Dorothea Flavelle; Sir Joseph 
Flavelle, Baronet, of Toronto, is a brother, 
as also is Mr. J. D. Flavelle, of Lindsay, 
Chairman of the Board of Ontario License 
Commissioners. The subject of this sketch 
is one of the pioneers of the Cold Storage 
business in Canada. Over thirty years 
ago he recognized the necessity and value of 
the same as being of untold benefit to the 
country, by means of which dairy and other 



perishable products of the farm could be 
garnered in the seasons of their greatest pro- 
duction, and conserved for future use in the 
non-producing intervals. The growth of the 
enterprise has been of immense benefit to 
both producer and consumer, as now many 
commodities, which would not be otherwise 
available, may be freely purchased at any 
season in the year. The great advancement 
of the business from the first simple storage, 
when natural ice was used as the refrigerator, 
to the special brick structure standing prom- 
inently on Lindsay's main street, equipped 
with every modern device and appliance, is 
the evidence of one man's splendid vision, 
business acumen, and sagacity. A natural 
adjunct to the Lindsay Cold Storage Plant 
has been added in the way of a creamery, the 
first, and one of the finest of its kind in Can- 
ada. Here the cream is received from the 
farmers, tributary to the district, tested and 
manufactured into the finest creamery pro- 
duct, to the mutual advantage of the farmer 
and the country in general. In 1886 Mr. 
Flavelle married Mary Helen Aird, daughter 
of Robert Aird, of Montreal. Six children 
blessed the union, four sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz.: Aird D., Stewart A., Gordon A., 
Guy A., Jena L. and Helen Grace. He is 
President of Flavelle, Limited, The Victoria 
Loan and Savings Company, The Lindsay 
Cemetery Company, Dundas & Flavelle, 
Limited, and a member of the Public Library 
Board. With his varied interests, Mr. 
Flavelle is a very busy man, but finds relaxa- 
tion and recreation in golf, motoring and 
boating. He is a Methodist in religion, and 
a Liberal-Conservative in politics. Public 
spirited, with a fine business reputation, he 
takes more than a passing interest in mat- 
ters of National importance and is keenly 
concerned in all measures which will advance 
the community in which he has held a promin- 
ent place for so many years. 

Hore, George Charles (Hamilton, Ont.), 
was born in the Township of West Flamboro, 
County of Wentworth, July 20, 1868, and 
was educated at the West Flamboro Public 
School, the Hamilton Public Schools and the 
Woodstock Baptist College. His father was 
Francis William Hore, who came to Canada 
about the year 1837, when quite a young 
man, in company with his parents, brothers 
and sisters; he was born in Sussex, England, 
and was a grandson of Joseph Hore, of North 
Mundham, Chichester, Sussex, England; his 
mother was Sophia Fearman, who in the 
year 1833, with other members of their 



134 



family came to Canada from Norfolk, Eng- 
land, in the New York Packet ship "On- 
tario," being on the ocean six weeks, and 
two weeks on the Erie canal to Oswego, N.Y., 
and from that port took passage on a schooner 
to Port Dalhousie; thence to Hamilton in a 
farmer's hay rack. F. W. Hore, father of 
the subject of this sketch, was a man of ex- 
ceptional ability and was one of the earlier 
settlers who helped to build up the manufac- 
turing industries of this country to their 
present high position, as is shown by the 
magnificent factory standing to his credit in 
Hamilton, known as F. W. Hore & Son, 
Limited, manufacturers of Fine Carriage, 
Waggon and Sleigh Wood- work. Following 
in his footsteps, George C. Hore commenced 
work in his father's factory at the age of fif- 
teen years, to learn the business, and with 
the exception of a short time at College, has 
been at it continuously and steadily ever 
since. The Company of F. W. Hore & Son, 
Limited, are extensive manufacturers, and 
their product is well and favorably known 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. They have 
the pleasure of showing in their office, rec- 
ords of many first prizes and medals taken 
in the pioneer days of their business, testify- 
ng to the quality of their product. They are 
believers in the old saying that "quality will 
be remembered long after the price is for- 
gotten." The business has been established 
between forty and forty-five years, and Mr. 
Hore is ably assisted in the management by 
his brother and other officers of the Company. 
He was married September 21, 1912, to Miss 
Emma Lenz, of Hamilton. In religion he is 
a member of the Church of England; in 
politics, a Conservative, and is fond of out- 
door sports being a member of the Victoria 
Bowling Club and the Hamilton Gun Club. 

Morehouse, Oscar Emery, M.D., 
M.L.A. (Upper Keswick, N.B.), son of 
Elisha Morehouse, a farmer (English) and 
his wife, nee Grouse (Dutch); was born at 
Upper Keswick, on August 5, 1857, and was 
educated at common schools and McGill 
College (M.D.), (C.M.), Montreal; of U.E.L. 
stock. He has been twice married: (1st) to 
Alberta, daughter of the Rev. William Mc- 
Kiel, of Fairville, N.B , on June 17, 1890, 
who died in December, 1902, to whom one 
child, Dorothy Eunice, was born; (2nd) to 
Maud, daughter of Henry Burtt, of Upper 
Keswick, N.B., to whom three children were 
born, Elsie Muriel, Oscar Emery, and Alberta 
Evelyn. Mr. Morehouse became interested 
in public life at an early age, and was first 



elected a member of the County Council in 
1896, continuing in that office until 1903 ; was 
Warden of the County Council when the 
Duke of Cornwall and York (the present 
King George of England) visited Canada, 
and presented him with an address at the 
public reception given in his honor at St. 
John, N.B. He was first elected to the 
Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick on 
March 30, 1911, with the large major- 
ity of 1,215, as a supporter of the Hazen 
Government, and was re-elected with the 
full ticket on June 20, 1912, their opponents 
losing deposits. He has acted as a Coroner 
in his home locality for the past twenty-five 
years, and is looked upon as a leader in his 
profession throughout the whole Province of 
New Brunswick. In the year 1890, he 
organized the first Board of Health in York 
County, and was Chairman of the Board for 
six years. Mr. Morehouse has never been 
associated with Clubs to any extent, but has 
taken a keen interest in all work connected 
with the New Brunswick Medical Society, as 
well as the Canadian Medical Association. 
He has taken an active interest in all patriotic 
work since the outbreak of the War (1914), 
and has given freely of his time and money. 
His name will rank among the first who did 
their duty at home when the history of the 
War is written for future generations. In 
religion he is an Episcopalian, and in politics 
a staunch Conservative. 

Thoburn, William (Almonte, Ont.), 
Woollen Manufacturer, Member of Parlia- 
ment and ex-Mayor, came to Canada in the 
year 1857, from Portsmouth, England, where 
he was born on April 14, 1847, and 
received his early education at Pakenham 
School, Pakenham, Ontario. He removed to 
Almonte in 1867, and for eleven years 
was engaged in mercantile business. For 
the last thirty-six years he has been exten- 
sively interested in the manufacture of 
woollens, having built up a large business and 
his goods are known the world over. Having 
made a success of his own business affairs, he 
was persuaded to offer himself as the Con- 
servative Candidate for the House of Com- 
mons for North Lanark, and was first elected 
in 1908, and re-elected in 1911, and was one 
of the few members in his seat in the 
Chamber of the House of Commons the 
night of the terrible fire, when that beautiful 
building was totally destroyed, Feb. 3, 
1916. Besides his many business and poli- 
tical duties, he connected himself with many 
Boards, and is Vice-President of the Ker-Ben 



135 



Stove and Furnace Foundry; director of the 
Trusts and Guarantee Company, Toronto; 
director of the Almonte Knitting Company, 
Almonte; life director of the General Hos- 
pital, Ottawa, and director of the Rosamond 
Memorial Hospital, Almonte. He served for 
several years as a school trustee and coun- 
cillor, and was for seven years Mayor, and 
has always taken a keen interest in every- 
thing pertaining to the good and welfare of 
the Town of Almonte. Mr. Thoburn is a 
widower and has two children: Annie, mar- 
ried to Percy Jamieson, Almonte, and Mae 
Elliott, married to A. M. May, Toronto. He 
is a member of the Methodist Church, and 
much interested in Church and Missionary 
work; a member of the Rideau Club, Ottawa, 
and in politics a staunch Conservative. Mr. 
Thoburn took an active part in patriotic 
work during the war, and was always one of 
the first citizens in his district to contribute 
financially and otherwise whenever called 
upon. In his parliamentary duties he is 
looked upon as a man of good judgment and 
his advice on many matters is often sought 
by his colleagues. 

White, Gerald Verner (Pembroke, Ont.), 
Member of Parliament for North Renfrew, 
Ontario, was born in Pembroke, Ontario, 
July 6, 1879, the son of the late Hon. Peter 
White, P.C., and Janet Reid White. His 
early education completed at the Pembroke 
Public and High Schools, Mr. White pro- 
ceeded to McGill University, where he gradu- 
ated as Bachelor of Science in Mining Engin- 
eering with the class of 1901. As a native of 
the Upper Ottawa, however, he turned natur- 
ally to lumbering for a vocation, and his suc- 
cess can be judged from the positions which 
he now holds as President of the Cunning- 
ham Lumber Co., of Pembroke, and a director 
of the Pembroke Lumber Co. Mr. White is 
also President of the Pembroke Standard, 
Ltd., a Director of the Thomas Pink Co., Ltd., 
of Pembroke, and of the Pembroke Woollen 
Mills. The name of White is one distin- 
guished in the public life of the country and 
Gerald V. White was elected to the Federal 
House of Commons at a by-election, in 
October, 1906, for the Constituency of North 
Renfrew, which had been rendered vacant 
by the death of his father, the Hon. Peter 
White, being subsequently re-elected at the 
General Elections of 1908 and 1911. Mr. 
White married Mary Elizabeth, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Trites, of New Bruns- 
wick, and has two daughters and one son ( 
Muriel Elizabeth, Mary Jeannette and Gerald 



Peter. He is a Presbyterian in religion and a 
Conservative in politics. Among the Clubs 
of which he is a member are the Rideau Club, 
the Hunt Club and the Golf Club, all of 
Ottawa. The Member for North Renfrew 
takes a strong interest in military matters, 
holding a commission as captain in the 42nd 
Regiment, Canadian militia, and is at present 
(1917) in England as Lieutenant-Colonel in 
command of the 224th Canadian Forestry 
Battalion. 

Grassland, E. F. (Toronto, Ont.), was 
born at Port Dover, Ont., in 1866, was 
educated at Windsor, N.S., came to Toronto 
in 1886, and two years later he entered the 
Steele-Briggs Seed Co., Limited, and is at the 
present time the Second Vice- President. 
Being a man with a practical knowledge of 
this business, he has been a valuable asset to 
the Steele-Briggs Company, and much credit 
is due him for the high position that firm 
holds in the esteem of the Canadian people 
to-day. While his active business career re- 
quires considerable of his time and attention, 
still he is a citiz.cn of more than ordinary 
worth, and he takes no small interest in 
all measures that have a tendency towards 
furthering public welfare, and is also a 
worthy friend of both religious and charitable 
enterprises. He is a Dominion Council 
member of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew 
and an ex-member of the Executive Com- 
mittee; rector's warden of St. Matthew's 
Anglican Church, a member of the Toronto 
Board of Trade, and Masonic Order. Mr. 
Crossland is a man who makes many friends 
by his pleasing manner. In politics he is 
a Conservative, but believes that the future 
prosperity of Canada largely depends upon 
her public men, irrespective of their political 
leanings. 

Dickson, Rev. James A. R., B.D. (Gait, 
Ont.), was born in Tranent, Scotland, on 
October 22, 1839. His father was David 
Dickson, a pious man, who was careful of the 
godly upbringing of his children, and being a 
zealous Free Churchman, instructed them in 
the standards of that church. Mr. Dickson 
came to Canada in the summer of 1857 to an 
uncle in Brantford, who was engaged in busi- 
ness there, where he resided for some time. 
His uncle attending the ministry of the Rev. 
John Wood, of the Congregational Church, 
he went with him, and under the faithful 
preaching of Mr. Wood, experienced the 
great change which altered the entire current 
of his life. He was active in Christian work 



136 




ZEPHERIN HEBERT 
Montreal 



in the Sabbath school and Y.M.C.A., but an 
irrepressible longing for wider usefulness led 
him to prepare for the Christian ministry. 
He took private lessons in Latin and Greek, 
attended the Brantford Grammar School for 
several sessions, and in 1860 entered the 
Congregational College of B.N.A. in Toronto, 
which was then under the principalship of 
Adam Lillie, D.D. While pursuing theo- 
logical studies here, he attended classes in 
Logic, Hebrew, Latin and Greek in Univer- 
sity College; mathematics, metaphysics and 
other subjects being taken up by special 
masters appointed by the board of the Con- 
gregational College. In 1864 the college be- 
ing removed to Montreal, he attended the 
McGill College, studying zoology, botany 
and geology under Sir William Dawson, 
LL.D.; Hebrew under Dr. De Sola, and 
logic, English literature and moral philoso- 
phy under Canon Leach. He graduated in 
1865, and was called to the Congregationa 
Church in London, Ontario, where he re- 
mained for six years. While here he edited 
for three years The Gospel Message, a 
monthly, published in Montreal. He pub- 
lished "Working for Jesus," which is now 
and has been for the past thirteen years, 
issued by the American Tract Society of New 
York, and the Religious Tract Society of 
London. Also a 32-page tract, "Saved or 
Not?" and "Counsels for Young Converts." 
In June, 1867, he married Isabella E-, eldest 
daughter of Walter Fairbairn of London, 
Ontario. In 1871 he was called to the North- 
ern Church, Toronto. Here he remained about 
eight years, till he changed his ecclesiastical re- 
lations, returning to the church of his fathers. 
While in Toronto he was honored with the 
highest position in the gift of the Congrega- 
tiona! churches, being elected Chairman of 
the Congregational Union, of Ontario and 
Quebec in 1877. Here he began to write for 
the "Sunday School Times," "Sunday School 
World," and "Canada Presbyterian," to which 
he has been a frequent contributor. He 
published "Immediately," "The Rest of 
Faith," "Christian Culture," "A Good Min- 
ister of Jesus Christ," tracts which have had 
an extensive circulation. He was chosen 
secretary of the Upper Canada Tract Society 
in 1874, which he held until 1879. On re- 
signing his charge in Toronto, he visited for 
five months the branch societies of the Upper 
Canada Tract Society. He filled Dr. Coch- 
rane's pulpit in Brantford for three months, 
while the Doctor was in Britain in 1879. 
While here he was called to Gait, and settled 
there on October 13, 1879. Since his settle- 



ment in Gait he has published "Expository 
Bible Readings," "Working for the Children," 
and a tract entitled "A Word in Season." 
On the regulations being issued for the con- 
ferring of the degree of Bachelor of Divinity, 
Mr. Dickson went to Montreal Presbyterian 
College, and passing the examinations proper 
to the degree, took it in March, 1883. 
The congregation of Gait built for him 
in 1881 one of the handsomest ecclesi- 
astical structures in Canada. It is 
mentioned in "Picturesque Canada." In 
1887 the Religious Tract Society of London, 
England, published a little volume of Mr. 
Dickson 's entitled "How We Are .Saved." 
In 1891 Mr. Dickson had conferred upon him 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), 
by Wooster University, Ohio, one of the 
great schools of learning belonging to the 
Presbyterian Church in the United States. 
He attained the degree by a stated course of 
special study in Political Economy and Social 
Science, and by examinations therein. He 
prepared also a paper to lay before the 
faculty on "Conscience the Living Source of 
Human Law." In 1896 the Religious Tract 
Society of New York published a volume by 
Dr. Dickson, entitled "The Truth that Saves 
and How to Present It." In 1904 Dr. 
Dickson wrote and published "The History 
of the Central Presbyterian Church, Gait," 
bringing the story of the church's life up to 
that time. 

Choquette, Philippe Auguste, LL.B. 

(Quebec, Que.), Advocate, Senator and Judge 
of the Sessions, Quebec, was born on the 6th 
of January, 1854, at Beloeil, County of Ver- 
cheres. His ancestors came from Amiens, 
Picardie, France, in 1643, and settled in 
Varennes, in the county where the subject of 
our sketch was born. His parents were 
Joseph Choquette, farmer, and Marie Thais 
Audet. He received his education at St. 
Hyacinthe College, and at Laval University, 
Quebec, and graduated B.C.L., from the lat- 
ter institution in 1880, having previously 
taken the silver medal given by the then 
Governor-General, Lord Lome, receiving, in 
1899, the degree of LL.D. While he was 
prosecuting his studies at Laval, he acted as 
private secretary to the late Hon. Honore 
Mercier, then solicitor-general in the Joly 
administration, and later on Premier of Que- 
bec Province. He held for about three years 
and a half the position of commercial traveller 
in a wholesale boot and shoe establishment 
in St. Hyacinthe, before he began to study 
law. He moved to Quebec in 1887, and 



137 



entered the office of the Hon. Francois 
Langelier, then a Member of Parliament and 
Mayor of Quebec (who died in 1915 as 
Lieutenant-Governor), to study law. After 
being admitted to the bar of Lower Canada, 
in 1880, he removed to Montmagny, where 
he successfully practised his profession. Since 

1877 he has been a contributor to "L* Union," 
of St. Hyacinthe, director of Le Soleil" in 
1905-06, having before, in 1883, founded "Le 
Sentinelle," of Montmagny, still existing under 
the name of "Le Courier de Montmagny." In 

1878 he began to take an active part in politics 
and in 1882 he ran for a seat in the House of 
Commons against A. C. P. R. Landry, 
now Senator, the then Conservative can- 
didate, but was defeated by a majority of 
120 votes. At the general election held in 
1887, he again presented himself in opposi- 
tion to Mr. Landry, and this time carried his 
election by a majority of 195 votes, and was 
re-elected in 1911-1916 by large majorities. 
Mr. Choquette has travelled through the 
principal parts of the United States and 
Europe. He Jias been Secretary of the Re- 
form Club of the County of Montmagny. 
In politics he is a strong Liberal, a free trader, 
and in favor of commercial union. In 1898, 
was appointed a Judge of the Superior Court; 
resigned in 1904 and was called to the Senate. 
In 1915 was by the local Government named 
Judge of the Sessions of the Peace for Quebec 
District. He is an adherent of the Roman 
Catholic Church, but objects to the clergy 
interfering and mixing in political contests. 
On the 29th of August, 1883, he was married 
to Marie, daughter of A. Bender, prothonot- 
ary of the Superior Court, and granddaughter 
of the late Sir E- P. Tache, baronet, A.D.C. 
to her late Majesty the Queen, and one of the 
promoters of Confederation. As recreations 
he favors music and sports, and has been 
President of the Quebec Hockey Club from 
1913 to the present time (1917). He resides 
at 56 Conroy St., Ottawa. 

Ghoquette, Ernest (St. Hilaire, Quebec). 
Son of Joseph Choquette and his wife, Thais 
Lapointe. Born at Beloeil, Vercheres Coun- 
ty, Quebec, November 18, 1862. Educated 
at St. Hyacinthe's College and Medical 
Faculty of Laval University, Montreal, from 
which he graduated with the degrees of M.B. 
and M.D. Married, October 16, 1889, to 
Eva Perrault, daughter of Dr. Perrault of 
Beloeil. He has been a frequent contributor 
to various journals and reviews and is the 
author of several books, his chief works 
being: "Les Ribaud," "Claude Payson," 



"Les Carabinades," "La Terre," and "Ma- 
deline Rabaud." He has successfully prac- 
tised his profession for many years at St. 
Hilaire and has been Mayor of his parish 
for a considerable time. First entered the 
Legislative Council for the Province of Que- 
bec as a Liberal on March 14, 1910, as the 
representative of the Constituency of Rouge- 
mont. Is a Roman Catholic in religion and 
is the father of the following children: 
Fernande, Claude, Lucas, Yves, and Girard. 

Cave, James G. James Gilbert Cave is 
one of those sterling Canadian business men 
who are the backbone of this country. Mr. 
Cave was born in Weston, Ontario, his 
parents' names being Martin Cave and Nancy 
Morrison, and graduated from the Weston 
Grammar School, after which he entered the 
wholesale lumber business. He married Mar- 
garet B., daughter of Andrew Henderson, and 
has ten children: James M., Donald A., 
William, Charles, Gordon G., Margaret, 
Annie, Nora, Nellie and Lillian, three of 
whom, James, Charles and William, are serv- 
ing overseas with the Canadian forces. Mr. 
Cave is a Protestant, a Liberal and a Mason, 
and has been a member of the Royal Grena- 
diers and the 48th Highlanders, serving in the 
North- West Rebellion of 1885. His present 
address is 97 Delaware Avenue, Toronto. 

Tytler, William, B.A., Inspector of 
Public Schools, Guelph, Ont., was born 
on Jan. 5, 1842, in the Township of Nichol, 
near Elora, Wellington County, Ontario. 
His father was William Tytler, and his 
mother, Jane Inglis Forbes, aunt of Archibald 
Forbes, the celebrated special war corres- 
pondent. Mr. Tytler pursued his educa- 
tional studies in the town of Elora, attending 
the Grammar school of that place, after he 
had passed the primary departments. A 
university course was planned, and he ma- 
triculated at the University of Toronto. His 
course here was characterized by industry, 
and he was especially distinguished in 
science and classics. He graduated in 1862, 
taking the gold medal for natural sciences. 
Mr. Tytler has likewise something of a 
military record. He has been a private 
in the Queen's Own, Toronto University 
Company, and has been a member of vol- 
unteer companies at Carleton Place and 
at Smith's Falls, Lanark County. The City 
of Guelph was the first to take advantage of 
the free libraries act; and in 1862, a library 
was established there, Mr. Tytler being 
secretary and chief worker in connection with 



138 



that institution. He married on the 23rd 
July, 1879, Martha C. Harrison, younger 
daughter of Milner Harrison, of St. Mary's. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. 
We may say that Mr. Tytler at once turned 
his attention to the work of teaching upon 
graduation; and his record has been a very 
creditable one since he was head master of 
the Carleton Place Grammar School, during 
1863 and 1864; of the Smith's Falls Gram- 
mar School from 1865 to 1868; of the St. 
Mary's High School from 1869 to 1874; and 
was appointed head master of the Guelph 
Collegiate Institute, in February, 1875. Mr. 
Tytler, it can be said without any exaggera- 
tion, stands in the front rank of the Canadian 
teaching profession. He is a sound scholar; 
and he brings both industry and enthusiasm 
into his work. In 1892, owing to ill health, 
he resigned his position, and was soon after- 
wards appointed Inspector of Public Schools 
for the city of Guelph, a position which he 
still holds. 

Commeford, James W. (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born in Toronto, April 6, 1877, and was 
educated in the public and high schools. 
Having decided to follow life as an electrical 
engineer and contractor he gave considerable 
of his time in educating himself along those 
lines and when satisfied as to his ability he 
branched out into business for himself on Col- 
lege Street, where he is located at the present 
time. He has been very successful and has 
to his credit to-day one of the largest elec- 
trical businesses in the city, carrying a large 
staff of employees the year round. Mr. 
Commeford was induced to offer himself as 
a candidate for alderman in Ward Four, 
many citizens believing that his expert 
knowledge as an electrician would be bene- 
ficial to the city at large, and was defeated 
by a very small margin, meaning a great loss 
from a city standpoint, owing to the installa- 
tion of the Hydro-Electric System, when his 
services would have been invaluable. How- 
ever, youth is on his side, and Mr. Comme- 
ford will not only be elected alderman, but 
will fill higher offices should he desire the 
honor. He is widely known in yachting 
circles and acquatic sports, being a member 
of the Queen City Yacht Club, National 
Yacht and Skiff Club, Alexandra Yacht Club 
and Rochester Yacht Club. He is honorary 
president of the Lake Sailing Skiff Associa- 
tion and President of the Canadian Power 
Boat Association. He has donated the 
Motor Cycle Championship Cup, and the 
Long Distance Endurance Cup of the Can- 



adian Power Boat Association. Mr. Comme- 
ford has saved thirty-three lives from drown- 
ing in Lake Ontario and received four medals 
from the Humane Society for his brave and 
timely acts. In politics he is a Conservative 
and an active party man. 

Conant, Gordon Daniel (Oshawa, Ont.), 
Barrister, was deputy Reeve of Oshawa, 1914, 
and Mayor, 1916-1917; Secretary South 
Ontario Reform Association, 1915-1916. He 
is genial in manner, quick and easy in expres- 
sion, goes straight to the point of things and 
is likely to be heard of in a wider field in the 
not distant future. Mr. Conant is the only 
son of Margaret and the late Thomas Conant, 
farmer and journalist, Oshawa, who was an 
extensive traveller and writer, contributing 
articles on travel, history and general sub- 
jects to the Toronto "Globe" for years. The 
subject of this sketch was born in Oshawa, 
January 11, 1885, and was educated at the 
High School of that place, afterwards gradu- 
ating from the University of Toronto in 1905, 
with the degrees of B.A. and LL.B. and from 
Osgoode Hall in 1912, as Barrister-at-Law. He 
married Verna Rowena, daughter of Senator 
the Hon. E. D. Smith, manufacturer, Winona, 
Ont., June 25, 1915. He has one son, 
Douglas Smith, born in 1914, and one 
daughter, Verna Gene vie ve, born in 1916. 
He is a Methodist in religion and a Liberal 
in politics. Mr. Conant is a member of The 
Thirty and Golf Clubs, Oshawa, Ontario and 
Royal Canadian Yacht Club, Toronto, and 
of the Masonic Order. 

Perry, Nathaniel Irwin (St. Catharines, 
Ont.), Rector of St. Thomas Church, and 
Archdeacon of Lincoln and Welland since 
1911. Spent fifteen months in the British 
Isles, travelling and studying, where he also 
represented the Colonial and Continental 
Church Society and the Church Missionary 
Society in different places. He is the Presi- 
dent of St. Catharines Ministerial Association 
and Lincoln County Clerical Patriotic Asso- 
ciation. Until 1913 he was Chaplain of the 
2nd Dragoons. His parents are Martha and 
William Perry, farmer, in the Township of 
King, where he was born on February 10, 
1867. The Rev. Mr. Perry received his educa- 
tion at the Newmarket High School, Univer- 
sity of Toronto, and Wycliffe College, gradu- 
ating in Arts as M.A., 1891, and in Theology, 
1893. Was for some time Joint Editor of 
Church Record Sunday School Publications 
and wrote both for the "Empire Magazine," 
London, England, and the "Cambridge Maga- 



139 



zine." On October 12, 1897, he married 
Jennie B., daughter of Dr. J. H. Harris, Yar- 
mouth, N.S., by whom he has two sons, Karl 
Raymond, born 1900, and Ronald Harris, 
born 1902. Mr. Perry is a clergyman of the 
Church of England, a member of the Can- 
adian Club, St. Catharines, and also of the 
Masonic, Oddfellows, and Orange Societies. 

Hill, Hamnett Pinhey. Is a member of 
the legal firm of Greene, Hill & Hill, solicitors 
for the Bank of Ottawa, the Bank of British 
North America, and other large financial and 
commercial corporations, and has established 
for himself in the legal profession and in 
other spheres of life in Ottawa, a valu- 
able reputation. Both the Dominion and 
the Ontario Governments recognizing Mr. 
Hill's ability as a lawyer, and his reli- 
ability as such, in 1915 sought his services, 
respectively, as a Royal Commissioner and 
Official Arbitrator. In that year, owing to 
the charge of the Auditor-General that im- 
proprieties had arisen in the purchase of coal 
for the dredges fleet in British Columbia, 
the Dominion Government appointed Mr. 
Hill a Royal Commissioner to investigate 
and hear evidence re the charge. He 
performed his duties, on that occasion, 
with marked ability. And in the same 
year, owing to the many disputes that 
had arisen in the city of Ottawa between the 
city and the owners of land, the Ontario 
Government appointed Mr. Hill as Official 
Arbitrator and in that capacity he is now 
employed. He has also, on several occasions, 
been called upon to act as Chairman of 
Conciliation Boards appointed to settle dis- 
putes between employers and employees. 
In 1918 Mr. Hill was appointed a Special 
Returning Officer under the Military Voters 
Act with headquarters in Paris. Mr. Hamnett 
Pinhey Hill was born in Ottawa on December 
18, 1877, and is the son of the late Hamnett 
Pinhey and Margaret (Christie) Hill. He was 
educated in the Public and High Schools in 
Ottawa, and the Toronto University (B.A., 
1898). He read law with McDonald, Shep- 
ley, Middleton & Donald, Toronto, and was 
called to the Bar in 1902, when he became a 
partner in the legal firm of Christie & Green, 
which is now, owing to the death of Mr. 
Christie, known as Green, Hill & Hill. Mr. 
Hill was President of the Canadian Club, 
Ottawa, during 1907-1908; President of the 
Liberal-Conservative Association, 1912-1914; 
is a member of the Executive of the Board of 
Trade, and was Honorary Secretary of the 
St. John's Ambulance Association of Canada 



for the year 1917. Ha holds the commission 
of Lieutenant in the Army Service Corps. 
In 1917 he was elected President of the Uni- 
versity Club of Ottawa. On September 21, 
1907, Mr. Hill married Beatrice Sarah Lind- 
say, daughter of the late Arthur Lindsay. 
One son and two daughters have blessed the 
union. Mr. Hill is a member of the Rideau 
and Royal Ottawa Golf Clubs, and of the 
Sons of England and Orange Societies. His 
recreation is golf, his politics Conservative 
and his religion Anglican. His residence is 
253 Bronson Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Street, Lieut.-Col. Douglas Richmond, 

one of the leading figures both in the business 
and military life of the Canadian capital, is a 
native of New Brunswick. He was born at 
Fredericton, N.B., on June 10, 1864, the 
son of C. F. Street, M.A., formerly of the 
Finance Department, Ottawa, and Lucy 
Audubon (Kendall) Street. His grandfather 
was the late Hon. J. A. Street, K.C., 
one of the prominent public men of New 
Brunswick, and for some years Attorney- 
General of the Province. Col. Street's 
education was received in the Separate 
Schools of Ottawa and at Ottawa University. 
On graduation he decided to adopt a business 
career in which he proved very successful; 
and he is now Secretary-Treasurer of the 
Ottawa Electric Company, Secretary-Trea- 
surer of the Ottawa Gas Company, and 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Consolidated 
Light, Heat and Power Company of Ottawa. 
Despite his business duties he has long taken 
an active interest in the Canadian Militia. 
As early as 1893 he was gazetted a second 
lieutenant in the Governor-General's Foot 
Guards, the crack infantry regiment of 
Ottawa and became its commanding officer, 
with the rank of Lieut.-Col. in 1908. In that 
capacity he commanded his regiment at the 
Quebec Tercentenary celebration of 1908, 
when a large body of Canadian troops was 
assembled to do honor to the Prince of Wales, 
now His Majesty King George the Fifth, 
and at which Lord Roberts, General Pole- 
Carew and many other distinguished soldiers 
were present. He also commanded his 
regiment at the Tercentenary Celebration of 
the Discovery of Lake Champlain in Platts- 
burg, N.Y., and Burlington, Vt., in 1909. 
When the late war broke out Col. Street 
was one of those who placed his ser- 
vices at the disposal of the Empire. He 
organized, trained and became Commanding 
Officer of the 77th Overseas Battalion, which 
he took to England in June, 1916. In the 



140 



various engagements which followed the 
battalion of Col. Street's creation rendered 
most distinguished service. Col. Street now 
commands the 8th Infantry Brigade M.D. 
No. 3. Col. Street is a member of the 
Rideau Club, the Ottawa Golf, and the 
Ottawa Hunt Club. He is a Roman 
Catholic in religion and is married to 
Elizabeth Bauld, daughter of John H. 
Christie, Bras D'Or, Cape Breton, N.S. He 
resides at 12 Range Road, Ottawa. 

Odium, Edward, M.A., B.Sc., 1710 
Grant Street, Vancouver, B.C., is one of the 
most versatile and able citizens of the Coast 
Province, with a wealth of experience such 
as has fallen to the lot of few Canadians. He 
was born at Tullamore, Peel County, Ont., 
on November 27, 1850, the son of John and 
Margaret (McKenzie) Odium. The father 
was a gentleman farmer and a son of Capt. 
Odium, one of Wellington's officers. The 
subject of this sketch was educated at the 
schools of Tullamore and Goderich, Ont., 
an,d later at Victoria University, at a time 
when it was located at Cobourg, Ont. He 
graduated with the degree of B.A. in 1879, 
and subsequently took the degrees of M.A. 
and Bachelor of Science. Twenty years of 
his life were spent as educationist, beginning 
with the common schools and rising through 
all grades to college work as a professor of 
Classics and the Sciences. He was for some 
years at the head of a large college in Tokio, 
Japan, and his special studies were Botany, 
Geology, Ethnology, History and Prophecy. 
His scholastic tastes have found expression 
in several important publications, including 
"God's Covenant, Man," "A Criticism of 
Rev. Dr. Campbell's New Theology," "The 
Old Book Stands," "The Cone-shaped Holes 
of Bandai-San made by Falling Stones." In 
fact, he is one of the ablest defenders of the 
orthodox view of the Scriptures. In 1899 
he gave up his position as an educationist in 
Japan and came to British Columbia, where 
he speedily established himself as an import- 
ant figure in financial, mining and industrial 
circles. He is Manager of the business of 
Clapp, Anderson and Odium, Ltd. ; Director 
Mercantile Mortgage Company, Ltd.; and 
Director of Mills Ross, Ltd. Though active 
in commerce, his pen has been an active one, 
and much newspaper and magazine corres- 
pondence has flowed from it in addition to 
the works mentioned. Of late years he has 
given much study to the ancient languages, 
including the Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Assy- 
rian and Egyptian. At present, in his spare 



moments, he is preparing a dictionary, 
alphabetically arranged, of the Assyrian and 
also of the Egyptian. His recreations are 
gardening, travel, and writing; he is a mem- 
ber of the Orange Order and the I.O.O.F.; 
is a Methodist and a supporter of Union 
Government. He has been prominent in the 
municipal affairs of Vancouver as an Alder- 
man and has acted as Chairman of the Fin- 
ance, Fire and Light, and Police Committees 
of the Council. As a youth he served for 
four years in the 36th Peel Battalion and 
saw service in the Fenian Raid of 1866, for 
which he received the medal and the Ontario 
Government's land grant of 160 acres. He 
is a member of the Board of the Carnegie 
Public Library. He was first married in 
May, 1878, to Mary E., daughter of O. W. 
Powell, by whom he had four sons, Edward 
Faraday, Victor Wentworth, Garnet Mc- 
Kenzie and Joseph Wellesley. Some years 
after her decease he married Martha M. 
Thomas, Toronto, by whom he had two sons, 
Arthur E. and Oswald. Brigadier-General 
Victor Wentworth Odium, of the C.E.F., has 
had a very distinguished career in the war. 
One son was lost in the South African War 
and another at Ypres, April 24, 1915. Yet 
another son is in the 231st Highlanders. 

Lennie, Robert Scott, 1737 Matthews 
Ave., Shaughnessy Heights, Vancouver, B.C. 
Barrister, of the firm of Lennie, Clark, Hooper 
& O'Neill, was born at Smith's Falls, Ont., on 
August 16, 1875^ the son of Rev. Robert and 
Catherine (Harcus) Lennie. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of Ontario, British Col- 
umbia and California. He took up his resi- 
dence in British Columbia at the age of 
eleven and was called to the Bar of that 
province in 1898. Subsequently he took up 
practice at Nelson, B.C., and continued there 
until 1910, first as a member of the firm of 
Elliot & Lennie and then of Lennie & 
Wragge. He removed to Vancouver in 1910, 
when his present firm was formed. Mr. 
Lennie has long been active in the politics of 
his province and was president of the Nelson 
Conservative Club from 1904 to 1910; and 
President of the Kootenay District Conserva- 
tive Association, having charge of the organi- 
zation in nine ridings, during the same period. 
While resident at Nelson he was also elected 
a Bencher of the Law Society of British 
Columbia and was Chairman of the British 
Columbia Fire Insurance Commission, ap- 
pointed by Order-in-Council, the findings of 
which in 1910 were the basis of important 
legislation. Under the Military Service Act 



141 



of 1917 he was Registrar in charge of the 
operations of the draft in British Columbia. 
Apart from his legal practice, Mr. Lennie has 
important financial interests. He is a 
Director of the following corporations: 
Forest Mills of B.C., Ltd. ; Silver Ring Mines, 
Ltd.; Nugget Gold Mines, Ltd.; Colonial 
Trust Co., Ltd.; and New B.C. Lands, 
Ltd. His recreations are golf and motoring 
and he is a member of the following clubs: 
Vancouver, Union (Victoria), and Shaugh- 
nessy Heights Golf, and Jericho Country 
Club. In religion he is a Presbyterian, and 
on Oct. 19, 1898, married a daughter of 
the late Benjamin Douglas, merchant, of 
New Westminster, B.C., by whom he has 
three children, Robert Douglas, Gerald Scott, 
and Edith Beatrice Catherine. 

Landry, Hon. David V., M.D., M.A., 

is a leading and representative Acadian, 
having been born on July 14, 1866, at Mem- 
ramcook, Westmorland County, New Bruns- 
wick, the son of Vital J. Landry and Matilda 
D. Cormier, both French Acadians. Educat- 
ed at the local schools, and the University of 
St. Joseph, N.B., graduating with the 
degree of M.A., and receiving the degree of 
M.D. from Laval University, Montreal, in 
1892. Subsequently practised his profession 
at Buctouche, engaged in agriculture and has 
been a practical farmer on a large scale. 
Was municipal councillor for the parish of 
Wellington in Kent County, N.B., 1899- 
1900. Elected to the Legislature of his 
native province representing the County of 
Kent in the general elections of 1908, and 
entered the Hazen Administration on the 
24th of March of that year as Commissioner 
for Agriculture and held the same portfolio 
in the Fleming Ministry up to January 22, 
1912, when he resigned and accepted the port- 
folio of Provincial Secretary and Treasurer 
in the Clarke Government. Hon. Dr. 
Landry married, October 6, Annie, daughter 
of Felix Michaud, of St. Leonard, N.B., 
and is the father of eight children, i.e.: 
Huberta, Germaine, Lionel, Anne, Rosarine, 
Raoul, Leopold, and Alberta. Hon. Dr. 
Landry, who is a brother-in-law of Pius 
Michaud, M.P. for Victoria-Madawaska, 
N.B., is a very public spirited citizen and 
recognized as a fine speaker. In religion he 
is a Roman Catholic. 

Ami, Henry M., M.A., D.Sc., F.P.S. 
(Can.), F.R.G.S., F.G.S., consulting geolo- 
gist and Palaeontologist, Ottawa, Ontario. 
Was born at Belle Riviere, County of Two 



Mountains, north of Montreal, Que., No- 
vember 23, 1858, the son of the Rev. Marc. 
Ami and Anne Giramaire. He received his 
early education by private tuition, at Ottawa 
Public and Grammar Schools and Ottawa 
Collegiate Institute, then proceeded to 
McGill University, where he graduated as 
Bachelor of Arts in 1882; receiving his M.A. 
in 1885, D.Sc. (Queen's) in 1892, and D.Sc. 
(McGill) in 1902. Mr. Ami won the Red- 
path Exhibition and three Macdonald Schol- 
arships, besides being Dawson Prizeman 
while an undergraduate at McGill, and was 
for over twenty-nine years a member of the 
Technical Staff of the Geological Survey of 
Canada (1882-1912), only retiring from active 
government service through impaired health. 
He has been the author of many government 
reports upon the geology, palaeontology, 
and resources of the Dominion and a con- 
tributor to numerous scientific magazines and 
publications. Problems relating to the geol- 
ogy and stratography of the lower St. Law- 
rence, and of the Maritime Provinces, have 
engaged his attention, while, in 1903, he was 
awarded the Bigsby Gold Medal by the 
Geological Society of London, Eng., for his 
eminent researches and results achieved, 
especially in the palaeozoic wells of Canada, 
having definitely helped to solve the vexed 
problems as to the age of large areas of car- 
boniferous and other strata in Nova Scotia, 
New Brunswick and other provinces. Mr. 
Ami has been a Fellow of the Geological 
Societies of London and Switzerland since 
1885, and of America since 1900. He is a 
Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, of 
the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, of the Royal Geographical 
Society, London, the Anthropological So- 
ciety of America, Council of the Archaeolog- 
ical Institute of America, and a Director of 
the American School of Archaeology. This 
eminent Canadian is also a member of the 
Royal Astronomical Society of Canada and 
a corresponding member, or member of 
numerous scientific societies of Canada, the 
United States and Europe. He was for 
years Editor of the "Ottawa Naturalist," 
and for some twenty years Associate Editor 
of the same publication in his special field. 
He studied under the late Sir William Daw- 
son, formerly Principal of McGill University, 
and later wrote a sketch of the life of his 
master; in Europe he carried on researches 
in Graphalites under Professor C. Capsworth, 
and contributed much to the Bibliography of 
Canadian Geology and Palaeontology, as also 
on the geography of the Dominion, in Euro- 



142 



Q 





pean and North American publications. Dr. 
Ami is a member of the International Con- 
gress of geology and of the Congress of Anth- 
ropology and Pre-Historic Archaeology re- 
cently held in Geneva, where he represented 
the Royal Society of Canada. In 1907 he 
represented Canada and the Geological sur- 
vey at the Centenary Celebration of the 
Geological Society of London, also the Royal 
Society of Canada on that occasion. In 1903 
he prepared a special report on the resources 
of the country along the line of the National 
Transcontinental Railway between Quebec 
and Winnipeg, furnishing the information 
necessary to Parliament in connection with 
the estimates for that great enterprise. Dr. 
Ami is now in London completing a work on 
"Canada and Newfoundland," to form part 
of the Compendium of Geography and Travel, 
Vol. 1, North America, to be published shortly 
by Edward Stamford, Esq., F.R.S.S., geogra- 
pher to H.M. the King. Since his retirement 
from Government service he has travelled in 
Europe, Asia and Africa, visited Algeria, 
Egypt, Palestine, Turkey and Greece, paying 
some attention to geological and archaeological 
questions of interest as his health allowed. 
Dr. Ami married Clarissa Jane, eldest 
daughter of the late G. B. Burland, for many 
years President of the British American Bank 
Note Company, and has one daughter, 
Marguerite Ami. He is a member of the 
Rideau Club, Ottawa; Golf and Country 
Club, Ottawa; Hunt Club; Royal Societies' 
Club; Author's Club, and Royal Colonial 
Institute, London, Eng. His amusements 
are, skating, golf, anthropological and geo- 
logical excursions and photography. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church and in- 
dependent in politics. 

Bulyea, George Hedley Vicars (Edmon- 
ton, Alberta). A genuinely British Canadian 
is His Honor George Hedley Vicars Bulyea, 
of Edmonton, Alberta, Chairman of the 
Board of Public Utilities Commission for the 
Province of Alberta. Mr. Bulyea is the son 
of James Albert Bulyea and Jane Blizzard, 
both of United Empire Loyalist descent, and 
was born, February 17, 1859, at Gagetown, 
Queen's Co., New Brunswick. His father 
a farmer and Mr. Bulyea was no excep- 

on to the rule that farmers' sons have bril- 
liant careers. Beginning his education at the 
grammar school, he graduated from the 
University of New Brunswick in 1875, re- 
ceived his honorary LL.D. degree in 1910 and 
his honorary LL.D. from the University of 

berta in 1908. In 1885, he married Annie 



Blanche, daughter of Robert T. Babbit, Reg- 
istrar of Deeds, Gagetown, N.B. Their only 
child, Percy, died in February, 1901. Mr. 
Bulyea is a Baptist in religion, a member of 
the Edmonton Club, but has had very little 
time for recreation in the manifold duties of 
his exacting political career. He was elected 
a member of the North-West Council at the 
general territorial election, 1894. In 1897 he 
accepted office as a non-resident member of 
the Haultain-Ross Executive Council, formed 
October 1, 1897. In January, 1898, he be- 
came Yukon Commissioner for the territorial 
government and from 1898 to 1903 was Min- 
ister of Agriculture and Provincial Secretary. 
From 1903 to 1905 he was Minister of Public 
Works, and in 1905 he became the first Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Alberta, a position he filled 
with distinction until 1915, when he accepted 
his present appointment as Chairman, Public 
Utilities Commission. 

Higinbotham, John D., J.P., 620 12th 
Street, Lethbridge, Alberta, is a son of 
Lieut.-Col. Nathaniel Higinbotham, formerly 
Member for North Wellington (Ontario) in 
the House of Commons, and Margaret (Allan) 
Higinbotham. His grandfather was David 
Allan, Esq., a prominent citizen of Guelph, 
Ont., and his father after his retirement from 
politics, became Registrar of Wellington 
County. The subject of this sketch was born 
at Guelph, November 23, 1864, and was 
educated at the Guelph Academy and the 
Guelph Collegiate Institute, Dr. Tassie's 
famous school at Gait, Ont., and the Ontario 
College of Pharmacy, Toronto. In 1884 he 
went to Lethbridge and founded the whole- 
sale and retail business as chemist and drug- 
gist, which still bears his name. Growing up 
with the city and province he has held a great 
many important offices. He was postmaster 
of Lethbridge from 1886 to 1910 and is also 
a Juvenile Commissioner for Alberta, a Sen- 
ator of Alberta University, a Governor of 
Alberta Ladies' College, and has also been 
Chairman of the Lethbridge School Board, 
Vice-President of the Board of Trade, Presi- 
dent of the Citizens' League, President of the 
Alberta Pharmacal Association, President of 
the Alberta Sunday School Association and 
Director of the Y.M.C.A. He is a Presby- 
terian and in 1885, when but 21, organized 
Knox Church Sunday School in Lethbridge 
and has been its superintendent continuously 
from that day to this. He is a man of schol- 
arly tastes and has contributed articles to 
"The Week," founded by Goldwin Smith; 
"Grip," the once famous comic weekly, and 



143 



the "Westminster Magazine." He is an 
antiquarian, traveller and art connoisseur, 
and his outdoor recreations include lawn 
tennis, golf and cricket. He is President of 
the Lethbridge Lawn Tennis Club and a 
member of the Aquatic and Country Clubs. 
He is a supporter of Union Government and 
a member of the North Star Lodge A.F. & 
A.M., having been District Deputy Grand 
Master in 1897. In 1899 he married Anna, 
daughter of Rev. R. Torrance, D.D., of 
Guelph, Ont., Moderator of the Presbyterian 
General Assembly. His children are: Lieut. 
Harold Torrance, of the 13th Battalion (b. 
1894) ; Norman Lindsay (1900), a student of 
McGill University, Montreal; Helen Phyllis, 
B.A. (Toronto) and R.N. (John Hopkins, 
Baltimore) (1890); Marjorie (1899), of Hav- 
ergal Ladies' College, Toronto; and Mary 
Mewburn and Muriel Dryden (twins, 1904). 

Anderson, Prof. George R., University 
of Toronto, was born in the Shetland Islands, 
Scotland, the son of an artisan, who died 
while he was an infant. Coming to Canada 
at an early age he was educated at Seaforth 
High School in Huron County, Ontario, and 
on matriculating at the University of Toronto, 
entered on what was to prove a brilliant 
scholastic career. He graduated with the 
degree of B.A. in 1893, taking honors in 
mathematics and physics, and received that 
of M.A. in the same institution, 1899. In 
1905 Harvard University conferred on him 
the degree of A.M. At present he is a mem- 
ber of the Science faculty of the University 
of Toronto and is professor in charge of the 
Department of Engineering Physics, and is 
also in charge of the Physics section, at the 
Royal College of Dental Surgeons, Toronto. 
He has contributed extensively to scientific 
journals. His chief recreations are boating 
and fishing. He is secretary and a member 
of the Board of Directors of the Madawaska 
Club, which has its headquarters at Go-Home 
Bay, in the Georgian Bay District, where 
Prof. Anderson has a summer home. In re- 
ligion he is a Presbyterian and was married 
in 1901 to Margaret, daughter of D. D. 
Wilson, merchant, of Seaforth, Ont. 

Wade, Mark Sweeten, M.D., 37 St. Paul 
St., Kamloops, B.C., was born at Sunderland, 
Durham County, England, on November 23, 
1858, the son of Samuel John and Mary 
(Sweeten) Wade. The father was a mer- 
chant and the subject of this sketch was 
educated at Gainford School, England, and 
at Anderson's College, University of Glas- 



gow, from which he graduated in 1882, with 
the degree of M.D. He first paid a visit to 
Canada in 1881 and resolved to make his 
home in British Columbia, where he settled 
in 1883, practising first at New Westminster. 
In 1884 he was appointed a surgeon in con- 
nection with C.P.R. construction and con- 
tinued in the service for a year. From 1885 
to 1889 he practised at Clinton, in the interior 
of British Columbia, and in the latter year 
removed to Victoria, where he remained until 
1895, finally establishing himself at Kamloops 
where he added journalism to his professional 
attainments. He became editor of the "In- 
land Sentinel" of that town, and also editorial 
writer on the Nelson "News." In 1904 he 
purchased the "Sentinel," and continued to 
conduct it until 1912. He now holds the 
position of Judge of the Small Debts Court 
and Police Magistrate at Kamloops, offices 
for which his intimate knowledge of British 
Columbia and its people eminently fit him. 
He is also an ex-Coroner, ex-President of the 
Board of Trade, and ex-President of the 
Liberal Association. He has been very active 
with his pen and has published a monograph, 
"The Founding of Kamloops," and a book, 
"The Thompson Country," as well as articles 
in "The Fortnightly Review," "To-day," 
"Canadian Courier," "Canadian Magazine" 
and the Vancouver "Province." His recrea- 
tions are motor boating and photography. 
He is an Anglican in religion and a Liberal in 
politics. On March 10, 1886, he married 
Emma M., daughter of James B. Uren, a 
stockraiser, of Savona, B.C., and Cornwall, 
England, and has two sons, Mark Leighton, 
born 1889, and Daryl Frederick, born 1892. 

Asselin, Olivar, Major (Montreal, Que.), 
one of the most widely known of French-Can- 
adian writers and publicists, was born at 
Malbay, . Charlevoix, Quebec, on November 
8, 1874, the son of the late Ricule and Cedulle 
(Tremblay) Asselin. He was educated at 
Rimouski College and later became Principal 
of the Evening School for French-Canadians 
at Woonsocket, R.I. While a resident of the 
United States he was a frequent contributor 
to the newspapers and shortly after his return 
to Canada in 1898, was appointed City 
Editor of "La Presse," a post he resigned to 
become private secretary to Sir Lomer Gouin, 
Prime Minister of Quebec, filling this posi- 
tion from 1901 to 1903. In 1902 he founded 
the Nationalist League of Quebec and became 
President of the Montreal Branch, and in 
1904 he re-entered journalism by founding 
"Le Nationaliste," of which he became 



144 







HON. W. G. MITCHELL 
Quebec 



editor. His articles in this and other publi- 
cations excited wide-spread attention in 
Canada, notably his brochures, "Feuilles de 
Combat" and "A Quebec View of Canadian 
Nationalism." Mr. Asselin was always a 
man of military enthusiasm and in 1898 
served for a time as a private with the U.S. 
Army in Cuba, during the Spanish-American 
War. When war broke out between Ger- 
many and the Entente powers, in 1914, he 
threw himself heartily into the cause of 
France and Great Britain and helped to 
organize the 22nd Battalion (French-Can- 
adians), which has had a glorious record in 
France, and in which he holds the rank of 
Major. His own service has been marked 
by great sacrifice and personal bravery, and 
he is generally regarded as one of the coming 
men in French Canada. On August 3, 1902, 
he married Alice, daughter of Charles LeBou- 
tillier, Gaspe Basin, and has three children, 
Jean, Paul and Pierre. In religion he is a 
Roman Catholic. 

Ballantyne, James. That Ottawa East 
is now a portion of Ottawa City, is 
largely due to the efforts of Mr. James Bal- 
lantyne, Justice of the Peace, who, when 
Ottawa East was a village, was the most 
active, efficient and prominent man in the 
vicinity. It was he, as one of its public men, 
who looked after the finances, who was active 
in placing the water works system on a pay- 
ing basis, and to whom credit is due for the 
many improvements that were made in its 
streets, roadways, parks, and other general 
matters. He took good care of the baby set- 
tlement, watched and guarded the progress, 
and succeeded in having it become annexed 
to the city of Ottawa; and now, in his ad- 
vanced years, he sits contentedly in his home 
-and views with delight the rapid progress 
that is being made in the erection of buildings, 
the handsomely paved streets and the in- 
crease in population. Mr. James Ballantyne 
is a member of the firm of J. & T. Ballantyne, 
Coal Merchants, 80 Elgin St., Ottawa. He 
is the son of Francis and Marion (Nichol) 
Ballantyne, and was born at New Castleton, 
Scotland, May 9, 1835. He was educated 
at the Public and High Schools, and at 
Queen's College, Kingston. He started in 
business with J. & T. Ballantyne, manufac- 
turers of woodenware in Ottawa in 1863, and 
in 1890 established the present firm of J. & T. 
Ballantyne, Coal Merchants. At one time 
he was Manager and Director of the Ottawa 
East Water Co., was a member of the County 
Council for nine years, and Secretary- Trea- 



surer of the Ottawa East Public Schools for 
fifteen years. In 1862 Mr. Ballantyne mar- 
ried Mary Foster, daughter of Adam Foster, 
of Cumberland, England. Two sons and 
two daughters have blessed the union. Mr. 
Ballantyne is a Protestant in religion, a 
Liberal in politics, and he resides at 54 Main 
Street, Ottawa East, Canada. 

Hudson, Hon. Albert Blellock, LL.B.j 

Attorney-General and Minister of Telephones 
and Telegraphs in the government of Mani- 
toba, was born at Pembroke, Ont., on August 
21, 1875, the son of Albert and Elizabeth 
Hudson. His parents removing to Manitoba, 
he was educated at Portage la Prairie and 
Manitoba University, Winnipeg, where he 
took the degree of LL.B. He was called to 
the Bar in 1899, and commenced practice in 
Winnipeg, where his forensic abilities soon 
attracted attention. He is a Bencher of the 
Law Society and was appointed K.C. in 1914. 
In that year he successfully contested South 
Winnipeg for the Manitoba Legislature as a 
Liberal candidate and was re-elected in 1915, 
in the contest that resulted in the defeat of 
the Roblin administration. When Hon. Mr. 
Norris was called on to form a government he 
invited Mr. Hudson to become Attorney- 
General, a post he has held ever since, dis- 
charging also the important duties in connec- 
tion with public control of telephones and 
telegraphs. As Attorney-General he had 
much to do with the cleaning up of political 
conditions which had become a public scandal. 
He is a member of the Manitoba, Winnipeg 
Golf and Assiniboia Curling Clubs, and is a 
Presbyterian in religion. In 1908 he married 
Mary B., daughter of the late William Rus- 
sell, Crown Timber Agent, Pembroke, Ont., 
and resides at 208 Dromore Ave., Winnipeg. 

Carson, Hugh, is one of Ottawa's most 
successful merchants and his firm Hugh 
Carson Company, Limited has a successful 
branch at Brandon, Manitoba. Starting out 
in 1886, at Shelburne, Ontario, as a harness- 
maker, in 1890 he went to Ottawa and be- 
came connected with the well known firm of 
S. & H. Borbridge, Trunk and Harness Manu- 
facturers, Rideau St. Three years later, in 
1893, he went into business for himself and 
established a large trade. In 1900 he was 
burned out, but in 1904, having secured his 
present commodious premises, corner Elgin 
and Queen Sts., he opened up on a larger 
scale than ever and the business has grown 
to such vast dimensions that orders from all 
over Canada, and, since the war began, from 



145 



Europe, have compelled the engagement of 
hundreds of extra hands to cope with the 
situation. Mr. Carson is President and Man- 
aging Director of the Hugh Carson Company, 
Limited, Manufacturers of Harness, Trunks 
and Valises, 47 Elgin St., Ottawa, and a 
director of the following companies: Ottawa 
Dairy Company; Ottawa Bakeries, Limited; 
Laurentian Realty Company, Limited; Can- 
ada Turpentine, Limited; and Ottawa Cart- 
age Company, Limited. He was born at 
Orangeville, Ontario, February 8, 1868, and 
is the son of Gilbert and Ellen (Little) Carson. 
For years he was Quartermaster of the 5th 
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards and is now 
Captain. He has been prominent in all 
kinds of sports and has been a leading figure 
in rowing, yachting, lacrosse, curling and 
hockey contests. Mr. Carson is a member 
of the Laurentian, the Ottawa Hunt, River- 
mead Golf, Jovial Fish and Game and Ottawa 
Motor Boat Clubs. From 1890 to 1898 he 
was captain of the Capital Lacrosse Club, 
which held the championship for that period. 
Mr. Carson attends the Presbyterian Church. 
His residence is 324 Cooper Street, Ottawa. 

Woods, Lieutenant-Colonel, James W. 

(Ottawa, Ont.). Born at Kildare, Que., 
April 10th, 1863, son of Russel Woods, a suc- 
cessful farmer and lumberman, whose ances- 
tors were from Kildare, Ireland, and Anne 
J. (Davis) Woods, of Canadian parentage, she 
being born at Longueuil, Montreal. Educated 
at private schools and Montreal College. At 
an early age entered service of Rankin, 
Beattie & Co., Montreal, later served with 
A. W. Ogilvie & Company, three years; next 
associated himself with Hodgson, Summer & 
Co., Montreal. Established business on his 
own account, 1895, and by his own effort and 
ability has built up the largest and most 
successful contractors' and lumbermen's 
supply house in Canada. This progressive 
concern, now known as Woods Mfg. Co., 
occupies a large factory, covering many acres, 
at Hull, Que. Besides constructing this 
plant he is also the builder of and owner of 
the Woods Building, now occupied by the 
Government and housing the Militia Depart- 
ment, also the Canadian building adjoining 
the same, as well as the Roxborough Apart- 
ments building. All of these splendid struc- 
tures are of stone and modern in every respect. 
Woods Ltd., and Smart-Bag were merged 
as Smart-Woods Limited (the name being 
changed in 1918 to Woods Mfg. Co., Ltd.) 
with Colonel Woods as President, Jan. 
1, 1913, with factories at Montreal, Toronto, 
Winnipeg and Ottawa. Mr. Woods is 



one of the most active and progressive 
manufacturers, and a most substantial 
public-spirited and patriotic citizen of the 
Dominion of Canada. Is Vice-President, 
Canadian Manufacturers Association; Pres- 
ident, Ashbury College, Rockliffe ; and 
numerous other corporations. President, 
Ottawa Board of Trade, 1907-8, and was 
active in promoting the welfare of Ottawa. 
Chairman of Citizens' Committee of Finance 
that raised a fund of $200,000 for the 
Y. M. C. A. of Ottawa, and one of the 
most active members of that body. 
President, Carleton General Protestant Hos- 
pital; President, Woods Mfg. Co., Ltd.,largest 
contractors and Lumbermen's Supply House 
in Canada; President, Imperial Realty Co.; 
President, Ottawa Uplands, Ltd.; President, 
Elgin Realty Co.; President, Empire Cotton 
Mills, Ltd., Welland; Lieut. - Colonel of 
Governor-General's Foot Guards. Was 
elected an honorary member of famous 
Guards' Club, London, England, during 
the time 1909, 1910 he was attached to the 
Coldstream Guards, England's most exclus- 
ive military body. Is permanent Chair- 
man of Finance of the Earl Grey Musical 
and Dramatic Competition, which is held in 
various parts of the Dominion for the pur- 
pose of promoting the higher forms of mus- 
ical and dramatic art. Is a great lover of art, 
and has in his collection at Kildare House, 
Ottawa, examples of most of the Barbazon 
and Dutch schools of art such men as Corot, 
Jacques, Daumier, Mauve, Israels, L'Her- 
mith, Harupignies, etc. Married Ida E. 
Edwards, daughter of John C. Edwards, 
Ottawa, Oct. 18, 1893, and has three 
sons and two daughters. The 
eldest son, Captain J. R. Woods, 
was the first colonial to secure a commission 
in the household Brigade. He was killed in 
action in the Great War in the battle of the 
Somme on the 16th of September, 1916, 
receiving honorable mention in the despatches 
and made a captain on the field before he was 
twenty-one years of age. Captain Woods 
went through many notable engagements 
and was on active service for nineteen months 
before he met his death so gallantly on the 
field. Lieutenant-Colonel Woods belongs 
to the following Clubs: Ottawa Hunt (was 
its first president, H.R.H. The Duke of Con- 
naught being Honorary President); Rideau 
Club; Country Club; Mount Royal (Mon- 
treal) ; Toronto (Toronto) ; Manitoba (Winni- 
peg); York Club, Toronto; Windham, Lon- 
don (Eng.); and numerous others. He is 
Vice-President of the Red Cross; President 



146 



of the British Sailors' Relief Fund and 
President of Finance of the Patriotic Fund. 
He is a member of the Church of England 
and Independent in politics. His principal 
recreations are golf, fishing and riding. He 
has a beautiful summer residence known as 
"Kildare Lodge," St. Patrick, on the lower 
St. Lawrence. 

Harrison, Nathaniel Isles, Principal Wil- 
lis Business College, 139i Sparks Street, Ot- 
tawa, Ontario, was born in Pembroke, Ont., 
July 13, 1877. He is the son of John and 
Margaret (Isles) Harrison, and was educated 
at the Public and High Schools in Pembroke 
and Renfrew Model School. He taught 
school in Renfrew County from 1896 to 1898, 
when he engaged in the lumber business in 
the Ottawa Valley, where he remained until 
1902. In 1903 he accepted a position as 
teacher in Willis Business College, and left 
in 1904 to become Chief Accountant for J. 
Oliver & Sons, Ottawa's extensive furniture 
manufacturers. In 1906 he went to British 
Columbia and became Secretary and Business 
Manager of the Cranbrook Electric Light 
Company, Limited; the Water Supply Com- 
pany, Limited, and the Kootenay Telephone 
Lines, Limited, resigning from office in 
1910, he branched out as auditor, Account- 
ant and liquidator on his own account, at 
which he remained until 1912, when he re- 
turned to Ottawa. In June, 1913, he pur- 
chased the Willis Business College, of which 
he is now President. On January 20, 1908, 
Mr. Harrison married Helena Scott, daughter 
of David Scott, Merrickville, Ontario. He 
has one son and two daughters. He is a 
member of the Canadian Club, Glebe Curling 
Club and Kiwanis Club, the Business Men's 
Club, and of the A.F. & A.M. society. In 
religion he is a Methodist. He is an ardent 
canoeist. His recreations are hunting, fish- 
ing, curling, canoeing. His address is 131 
Sunnyside Avenue, Ottawa. 

Berthiaume, Arthur, Montreal, one of 
the best known of French- Canadian pub- 
licists and who holds the position of President 
and Managing Director of "La Presse," the 
most widely circulated newspaper published 
in Canada in either the French or English 
language, was born in Montreal on April 10, 
1874. He is the son of the Hon. Treffle and 
Hermina (Gadbois) Berthiaume. He was 
educated at the Ste. Hyacinthe Seminary, 
St. Laurent College and Laval University, 
where he graduated with the usual degrees. 
His father designed him for the Bar and he 



read law with Beaudin, Cardinal & Loranger 
of Montreal. He was called to the Bar of 
the province of Quebec in 1906 and for a 
time practised his profession as a member of 
the firm of Beaulieu & Berthiaume. At 
the same time he has been connected with 
"La Presse," of which Hon. Treffle Berth- 
iaume was President, his connection having 
begun in 1900 when the property changed 
ownership. In 1906 the subject of this 
sketch was appointed General Manager of 
the newspaper, and in 1915 on the death of 
his father succeeded to the Presidency, 
abandoning the practice of law to devote his 
whole attention to "La Presse." Great as 
was its position and influence previously 
these factors have been greatly extended 
under his fostering care. Not only is it the 
most widely circulated and influential of 
French language newspapers in Canada but 
it has a very wide following among the many 
French-Canadians settled in the New 
England States. These fields combined give 
"La Presse" the premier position in the 
Canadian newspaper field in the matter of 
circulation. The wise and moderate conduct 
of its columns also give its editorial utter- 
ances great weight with all classes of the 
community. In politics Mr. Berthiaume is 
an Independent and in religion a Roman 
Catholic. He is a well known social figure 
in Montreal and is a member of the following 
clubs: St. Denis, Chapleau, National, Ath- 
letique Canadien, Automobile (Director) 
and Engineers. On September 2, 1902, he 
married Blanche, daughter of Nazaire 
Bourgoin, Montreal and has three sons and 
one daughter. His residence is at 197 St. 
Catherine Road, Outremont, Montreal. 

Galbraith, Walter Stuart, M.D., C.M. 

(Lethbridge), one of the most prominent 
physicians of Alberta, was born at Guelph, 
Ont., August 1, 1866, the son of the late 
Francis William and Jane Elizabeth Gal- 
braith. The father was a well known mer- 
chant of that city, and Dr. Galbraith was 
educated at the Public and High Schools of 
Guelph, and went to Alberta in 1891. Sub- 
sequently he entered McGill University, Mon- 
treal, from which he graduated with the 
above degrees in 1899. He at once com- 
menced practise in Lethbridge as a member 
of the firm of Mewburn & Galbraith, but 
since 1907 has practised alone and includes 
among his many professional activities those 
of surgeon of the Gait mines. His high 
standing among his fellow practitioners was 
signalized by his election as President of 
the Council of the College of Physicians and 



147 



Surgeons of Alberta in 1917; and he has been 
a Senator of the University of Alberta since 
the incorporation of that institution. Dr. 
Galbraith has also played a prominent part 
in municipal affairs, was Mayor of Leth- 
bridge in 1907, and has been a member of the 
Public School Board for nine years, holding 
the post of Chairman in 1912. He is Pres- 
ident of the Bow River Collieries, Ltd., and 
a Director of the British Canadian Trust 
Co., Ltd. In religion he is a Methodist, 
and is a supporter of Union government; is 
a member of the A.F. & A.M. and the Can- 
adian Order of Foresters. He also belongs 
to the Chinook Club, Lethbridge, and his 
recreation is motoring. On August 6, 1901, 
he married Matilda S., daughter of Oliver 
Gallinger, a farmer of Mediva, Ont., and 
has four children, Ruth Eleanor, Francis 
Oliver, Jean Alexandra and Aileen Stuart 
(deceased). 

Laidlaw, Lome Nelson, Barrister, Med- 
icine Hat, Alberta, was born at Kitchener 
(then Berlin), Ont., on February 6, 1882, 
and his parents subsequently moving to 
Manitoba, he was educated at Brandon 
Collegiate Institute and Brandon College. 
He was called to the Manitoba Bar 1908, 
and practised at Brandon, 1908-10. In 
1911 he went to Medicine Hat and formed 
the legal firm of Laidlaw & Branchard. 
Both as a lawyer and a business man he 
quickly achieved a prominent place in the 
community and in 1914 was elected President 
of the Medicine Hat Board of Trade. In 
religion he is a Presbyterian and in politics 
a Liberal; is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and of the Cypress Club, Medicine 
Hat. His recreations are motoring and 
shooting. On December 7, 1910, he married 
May, the daughter of the late Robert Hall, 
of Brandon, and has two children. 

Wilson, Henry George Wilberforce, 

K.C. (Indian Head, Sask.), Barrister and 
Solicitor, was born at Arnprior, Ont., on 
March 31, 1873, the son of George and Mary 
Cecilia Wilson. His father was a merchant, 
and he was educated at Almonte High 
School, and later qualified for the law at 
Osgoode Hall, Toronto, where he graduated 
in 1897. He first practised at Renfrew, Ont., 
as a member of the firm of Craig and Wilson, 
but went to Indian Head, Saskatchewan, in 
1900, where he not only engaged in his own 
profession but took up farming on an exten- 
sive scale. He is in fact one of the great 
agricultural leaders of his province, for he 



owns and personally farms 2,060 acres in 
the Indian Head district. These interests 
have not prevented him from building up 
a large legal practice. He was appointed 
King's Counsel on December 31, 1913, is 
solicitor for the Town of Indian Head, and 
also for the rural municipality of the same 
name; solicitor for the Bank of Montreal 
and the Union Trust Co., Ltd., and also a 
member of the High School Board of his 
town. He belongs to the Masonic Order, 
to the Indian Head and Union Clubs, Indian 
Head, and the Assiniboia Club, Regina. 
His chief recreation is motoring. In re- 
ligion he is a Presbyterian, and in politics 
a Liberal. On June 21, 1910, he married 
Elizabeth Cameron, daughter of Mr. A. H. 
Edwards, lumber merchant, of Carleton 
Place, Ont. 

Baskerville, William Joseph, is the son 

of George Baskerville by his wife, Mary 
McDonnell, and was born at Townland, 
Ballyrushen, Tipperary, Ireland, October 2nd, 
1843. His father was the son of Benjamin 
Baskerville, who was descended from an old 
Norman family which settled in Ireland 
about the time of William the Conqueror, in 
1066. The family records were unfortun- 
ately destroyed by fire in 1858 and included 
a great deal of matter that would have been 
of interest to the public. His father, George 
Baskerville adopted the calling of a farmer 
in Ireland, but in 1847 concluded to come to 
Canada. In the summer of that year he 
landed in Bytown, now Ottawa, and engaged 
in the trading and grocery business. In the 
fire of 1858 they lost all their household 
effects, as well as whatever savings they had 
accumulated, and having no insurance, the 
family had to start anew in life, and at the 
time of their father's death, in 1875, they 
were again in comfortable circumstances. 
Their mother died in 1867. They had nine 
of a family. The subject of this sketch, 
William Joseph Baskerville, was the fifth son. 
He received his early education in the com- 
mon schools, and later at Ottawa College, 
now the University of Ottawa. In 1870 he 
formed a partnership with his brothers, 
Patrick and George, under the firm name and 
style of P. Baskerville & Bros., carrying on 
a retail grocery and liquor business until the 
year 1880, when they discontinued the retail, 
and carried on a wholesale' business only. 
The business was carried on until the year 
1904, when his two brothers having prede- 
ceased him, he retired. Since that he has 
been engaged in real estate, stocks, and 



148 




R. H. GALE 
Vancouver. B.C. 



bonds and building operations. In the year 
1880, although still a partner in the firm of 
P. Baskerville & Bros., he engaged in the 
contracting business, along with James 
O'Connor and Patrick Cassidy. They were 
the successful bidders for the Locks at Saint 
Anne's de Bellevue, which work they com- 
pleted in 1884. He was always a keen ad- 
mirer of good sport, particularly lacrosse, 
and was a Director of the Capital Lacrosse 
Club from 1892, the year of their amalgama- 
tion with the Ottawas, until 1898. He was 
also a Director of the Capital Athletic Asso- 
ciation until 1901. He is a shareholder in 
the Ottawa Electric Railway, the Ottawa 
Car Company, Rideau Townsite Company, 
Nipissing Mining Company, Mining Cor- 
poration of Canada, the By town and Aylmer 
Union Company, the Northern Life Insur- 
ance Company, the Moose Jaw Electric Rail- 
way, the Southern Canada Power Company, 
Ltd., the Canada Cement Company, the 
Rosemont Realty Company, the British 
Columbia Permanent Loan, and is director 
of the Ottawa Electric Light Company, the 
Moose Jaw Electric Railway, the Rideau 
Townsite Company and the Rosemont Realty 
Company. Mr. Baskerville is a Roman 
Catholic, and in politics a Liberal-Conserva- 
tive. He resides at 236 Stewart Street, cor. 
Stewart and Chapel Streets, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Godfrey, Oswald Julius (Indian Head, 
Sask.), Chartered Accountant, was born at 
Sedbergh, Yorks, England, on October 7, 
1875, the son of Robert and Margaret 
Godfrey. His great-grandfather was Julius 
Caesar Ibbetson, a leading painter of the 
latter years of the eighteenth century, and 
his grandfather was Rev. Isaac Green, known 
to annalists as the closest friend of the 
family whose most celebrated member was 
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, the poet. His 
father was a civil engineer by profession and 
he was educated at King Edward the Sixth's 
School at Birmingham, England, and later 
had a thorough training in all branches of 
accountancy. He came to Canada in 1903, 
locating first at Qu'Appelle, Sask., and 
later founded the firm now known as Godfrey, 
Heathcote & Nicholl, Chartered Accountants, 
with offices at Indian Head, Medicine Hat 
and Prince Albert. Mr. Godfrey is known 
as an expert throughout Canada, and was 
President of the Dominion Association of 
Chartered Accountants, 1915-16, and of the 
Saskatchewan Institute of Chartered Ac- 
countants 1912-13-14. He was also Pres- 
ident of the Saskatchewan Union of Munici- 



palities for three years, 1915-16-17. On the 
practice and theory of his profession Mr. 
Godfrey has written many important treat- 
ises. His published work, "Municipal Finance 
and Accounting" has been especially valuable 
as a text book for the guidance of the growing 
municipalities of the West. His recreations 
are cricket, motoring and gardening, and he 
is a member of the Canada Club, Regina, 
and the Union Club, Indian Head. He 
is a member of the A. F. & A. M., and in 
religion an Anglican. On July 17, 1905, he 
married Cecile Maud, daughter of Robert 
Challoner, Warwick, England, and is the 
father of three boys and two girls. 

Wright, George, Toronto, is one of the 
most widely known of Canadians, not merely 
in the hotel trade, with which he is especially 
identified, but in business circles generally. 
He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, November 
19, 1866, the son of William Wright of 
Barrhead and Elizabeth (McFayden) Wright 
of Islay, Scotland, and educated in the 
public schools of his native city. At the age 
of 12 he joined the British Navy, and at 19 
entered the merchant marine as an ordinary 
seaman, serving on various seas. He came 
to Canada from Japan in 1887, settling at 
Vancouver, which remained his headquarters 
for six years, during which he served as 
steward with the C.P.R. Coast and Hotel 
Service. In 1893 he went to Winnipeg and 
was there engaged with the C.P.R., first in 
the news department and later with the 
dining car service until 1900. From 1901 to 
1904 he was in charge of the C.P.R. dining 
station service at Brandon, Man., which he 
developed to a high point of efficiency; and 
also conducted hotels on his own account at 
Macleod, Alta., and Oak Lake, Man. In 
1904 he purchased the Hotel Brunswick, 
Winnipeg, which he conducted for nearly 
two years ; and in 1905 purchased the Walker 
House, Toronto, which has ever since been 
one of his properties. Later he acquired a 
large interest in the Grand Union Hotel, 
Toronto, and changed its name to the Carls- 
Rite. Mr. Wright in addition to conducting 
the Walker House is Secretary- Treasurer of 
the Hotel Carls-Rite Co., Ltd.; President of 
Wright-Carroll Investments, Ltd., and Vice- 
President of Carroll-Wilson, Ltd., Edmonton, 
Alta. In the last week of December, 1918, 
he was elected Vice-President of the American 
and Canadian Hotel Keepers Association of 
the United States and Canada for the fourth 
consecutive year. He is also a director of 
the Peterson Lake Mining Co., Ltd. Mr. 



Wright has of late years taken an active part 
in public affairs. He was the promoter of 
the First Municipal Year Book in Toronto. 
When in July of 1918 several hundred of the 
civic employees of Toronto went on strike 
he was appointed by the Ontario Govern- 
ment one of the Royal Commission to inquire 
into the grievances and settle the dispute, 
and was largely effective in reaching an 
amicable solution of the difficulty. He also 
served as a member of the Canada Food 
Board from 1917 until the close of the war, 
and was able, because of his great practical 
experience, to render the cause of food con- 
servation signal service. In 1918 he was 
appointed a Member of the Hydro-Electric 
Commission, a most important executive 
office. He is a Conservative in politics and 
a Presbyterian in religion, and belongs to the 
following organizations: Canadian Red Cross 
(life member), Overseas Club (life), Navy 
League (life), St. Andrew's Society (life), 
Caledonia Society (life), Y.M.C.A., Board 
of Trade, Scarboro Golf, Toronto Swimming 
Club (life), and Caer Howell Bowling Club 
(life). On March 3, 1897, he married Jessie 
Oswald, daughter of George Motion of 
Nelson, B.C., and has two children, Oswald 
George, and Jessie Ellen. 

Mackie, George D., City Commissioner 
(Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan), was born at 
Perth, Scotland, on March 8, 1878, son of 
James and Jane Mackie. Educated at the 
Perth Academy and the Glasgow Technical 
College, Scotland, where he had a distin- 
guished career, obtaining several degrees. 
Mr. Mackie was married on September 3, 
1902, to the daughter of John Carnegie, of 
Edinburgh, Scotland. He is the father of 
two children, Douglas and Victor. Prior to 
coming to Canada, he was Engineer at Crieff , 
Scotland, 1900-05; Water Works Engineer of 
Clydebank Water Trust, Scotland, 1905-09; 
The Gait Engineering Company of Winni- 
peg, 1910-12; City Engineer at Swift Cur- 
rent, Saskatchewan, 1913-14, when he as- 
sumed his present position of City Commis- 
sioner of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. Mr. 
Mackie is a Presbyterian in religion, and a 
member of the Prairie Club of Moose Jaw. 

Payne, Francis Freeman (Nelson, B.C.), 
one of the best known newspaper men of 
British Columbia, is a native of Worcester- 
shire, England, where he was born Novem- 
ber 8, 1888, the son of E. R. and Helen 
Freeman Payne. He was educated privately 
and at Bromyard Residential School, and as 



a very young man decided to come to 
America, finally settling in the growing 
centre of Nelson, B.C., and later becoming 
manager of the "Daily News," the leading 
publication of that town, which serves a 
widely extended territory. Mr. Payne is 
widely popular in his district and a keen, 
progressive young journalist. On August 2, 
1910, he married Ruby Virginia, daughter 
of Mr. J. Irving, San Francisco, Cal. 

Chauvin, Hon. T. Hector, Judge of the 
Superior Court of Quebec Province, was born 
at Terrebonne, Que., on October 9, 1862, the 
son of Adolphe Chauvin, merchant, and Luce 
Limoges, his wife. He was educated at 
Montreal College and Laval University and 
qualified for the Bar, reading law with the 
firm of Lacoste, Globensky, Baisillon and 
Brosseau, Montreal. On being called to the 
Bar in 1887, he entered the firm of Brooke, 
Chauvin & Devlin, of Hull, Quebec. He was 
defeated as Conservative candidate for La- 
belle in 1908, and a few years later was ap- 
pointed to his present position. In Septem- 
ber, 1887, he married Henriette, daughter of 
Napoleon and Azelie (Papineau) Bourassa, 
and has five children, Adine (wife of Mr. W. 
Shanks), Francoise, Gustave, Marguerite and 
Henri. He is a Roman Catholic and resides 
at 103 Sherbrooke St. East. Montreal. 

Hopkins, Arthur George, D.V.M., 
B.S.A., B.Agr., Surbiton, Saskatchewan, 
is one of the great agricultural leaders of that 
province and farms 900 acres of his own. 
He is also a widely-known expert in veterin- 
ary science. He was born in London, Eng., 
March 9, 1869, the son of the late George and 
Sarah (Fairall) Hopkins. His father was 
Superintendent of the Foreign Branch, Gen- 
eral Post Office, London, and G. Lionel Hop- 
kins, Provincial Auditor for Saskatchewan, 
is a brother. He was educated at St. Mark's 
College, Chelsea, S.W., Eng.; Ontario Agri- 
cultural College, Guelph, Ont. ; Ontario Vet- 
erinary College, Toronto; Iowa State Col- 
lege, Ames, la. ; and University of Wisconsin, 
Madison, Wis. He came to Canada in 1885, 
as a farm pupil with John Gardhouse & Sons, 
Weston, Ont., and went to Manitoba in 1891, 
where he was in business at Hartney and 
Neepawa, prior to locating on his present 
farm. He has held many important profes- 
sional positions at various times. He was 
assistant in animal husbandry at the College 
of Agriculture, University of Wisconsin, 1889- 
1901; Editor, "Farmer's Advocate," Winni- 
peg, 1901-2, and later, in 1904-5-6; was Vet- 



150 



erinary Quarantine Officer for Canada in 
Great Britain, 1902; Chief Veterinary In- 
spector for the Dominion Government, in 
British Columbia, 1903; and Saskatchewan, 
1908-10. In 1912 he filled the position of 
Reeve of Fertile Valley, No. 285, Saskatche- 
wan. He is also the author of "Veterinary 
Elements," a valuable handbook for students 
and farmers, which has run through two edi- 
tions. As a stock breeder he specializes in 
Shire horses, Shorthorn cattle and Yorkshire 
swine. On Shorthorns he is a well-known 
authority and has done considerable judging 
at Stock Shows, and has also lectured at 
Farmers' Institutes and at the University of 
Saskatchewan on agricultural subjects. He 
at one time served in the 45th Battalion 
under Col. (now Gen. Sir) Sam Hughes, and 
holds a commission as Lieutenant in the 
Canadian Army Veterinary Corps. He is an 
Anglican, a Liberal, a member of the A.F. & 
A.M., I.O.O.F., and the Saskatchewan Grain 
Growers' Association. He married first 
(1894) Ellen M. Dewar (deceased), by whom 
he had one daughter, Dorothy M.; secondly 
(1899), Jean S. Habkirk (deceased), by whom 
he had Leonard P. and Gladys Ellen (twins), 
and George Edward; thirdly (1908), Edith 
Sealy Jones, by whom he had five children, 
Phyllis, Margery, Geoffrey, Audrey and 
Betty. 

Taylor, Hon. George Edward (Moose 
Jaw, Sask.), was born near the City of Win- 
nipeg, Man., December 27, 1878, his parents 
being George and Mary A. Taylor, of New 
Liskeard, Ont. Educated at London, Ont., 
and Osgoode Hall, Toronto. Called to the 
Bar in 1902, created K.C. for the Province 
of Saskatchewan, 1913, and appointed Judge 
of the King's Bench, Sask., on March 2, 1918. 
Judge Taylor married Mabel Cecilia Ryan, 
daughter of the late Charles F. Ryan, on 
January 1, 1904. He is the father of the 
following children: Mabel Cecilia Moore, 
George Edward S., Glendolen and Dorothy. 
His Lordship is a member of the Prairie Club 
of Moose Jaw and the Assiniboia of Regina. 
In religion he is a Presbyterian. He finds 
recreation in golf and motoring. Thomas W. 
Taylor, ex-M.P.P., of Winnipeg, is an uncle. 

Cross, Alexander S. G., 369 Metcalfe 
Ave., Westmount, Que., is a Justice of the 
King's Bench for Quebec and was born at 
Ormstown in that province, on August 12, 
1858. His father was George Cross, a yeo- 
man, and his mother, prior to her marriage, 
Miss Barbara Brodie. He was educated at 



Stoney Creek High School, Huntingdon 
Academy and McGill University. From the 
latter institution he graduated in Arts in 
1879, and in Law in 1881, and holds the de- 
grees of B.A. and B.C.L. He is a prominent 
member of the University Club, Montreal, 
and his chief recreation is agriculture. He 
is a Protestant in religion and was married 
in 1898 to Anna M., daughter of Mr. James 
J. Buchanan, yeoman, of Dundee, Que. He 
has one son, George E. Cross, born March 
14, 1899. 

Campbell, Donald Grant, M.D., one of 

the leading physicians of Montreal, was born 
in that city on April 21, 1883, the son of Rev. 
Robert Campbell, D.D., one of the most 
widely known of Canadian clergymen. His 
mother's maiden name was Margaret Mac- 
donell. He was educated in Montreal High 
School and later entered McGill University, 
where he graduated with the degree of B.A. 
in 1904. Deciding to follow medicine, he 
remained another four years at the institu- 
tion, achieving the degree of M.D.C.M. in 
1908. Ever since he has practised in his na- 
tive city and during the war has held a posi- 
tion in the Army Medical Corps, with the 
rank of Captain. He was married on April 
13, 1914, to Sophie Edith, daughter of Albert 
Field, M.D., a well-known physician of 
Barbadoes, British West Indies. Like his 
father, Dr. Campbell is a Presbyterian in re- 
ligion and in politics is a Conservative. He 
resides at 755 Shuter St., Montreal. 

Cassils, Charles, 118 Notre Dame St. 
West, Montreal, one of the prominent capi- 
talists of that city, was born at Renton, Dum- 
bartonshire, Scotland, on June 16, 1841, the 
son of John and Margaret (Murray) Cassils. 
After a sound education in his native coun- 
try he entered the Glasgow Iron Office in 
1853, and after twenty years' experience in 
the iron trade, came to Canada in 1873, be- 
coming a member of the firm of Cochrane, 
Cassils & Company, of Montreal, for many 
years representatives in Canada of the Car- 
negie Steel Company, of Pittsburgh. His 
financial interests are very wide. He is Vice- 
President of the Bell Telephone Company of 
Canada; Director, Dominion Bridge Com- 
pany; President, Canadian Transfer Com- 
pany; President, Structural Steel Company; 
Director, Northern Electric Company; Vice- 
President, Dominion Bridge Company; and 
Director, Windsor Hotel Company. In 
social organizations he is prominent and has 
been President of the Montreal Philharmonic 



151 



Society for a considerable period, and is also 
a past President of St. Andrew's Society. 
He was Chairman of the St. James Club for 
some time and is also a member of the Mount 
Royal, Montreal Hunt, Forest & Stream, 
Montreal Jockey and Canada Clubs. He be- 
longs to the Masonic Order, is a Conservative 
in politics and a Presbyterian in religion. He 
first married, in 1865, Agnes Shearer, of 
Glasgow, who died in 1868, and in September, 
1876, espoused Ermina Maria, daughter of 
Senator M. H. Cochrane, of Compton, Que. 
His home is at 753 University Street, Mon- 
treal. 

Cousins, George Vipond, Barrister, 
Montreal, was born at Ottawa, Ont., on Janu- 
ary 16, 1885, the son of Charles and Margaret 
(Vipond) Cousins. His education in its 
more important phases was obtained at 
McGill University, Montreal, from which he 
graduated in 1906 and in which he holds the 
degrees of B.A., M.A. and B.C.L. Subse- 
quently he took a course at the University 
of Wisconsin, at Madison, which was followed 
by his appointment as one of the lecturers in 
history in that justly celebrated institution. 
His scholastic career was marked by the 
attainment of first rank honors in history, 
political science and economics. Returning 
to Canada he took up the study of law at 
McGill, obtaining the B.C.L. degree as above 
stated, and has since practised in Montreal. 
He is a skilled and thoughtful writer and the 
author of various articles on economic and 
legal subjects, and is prominent in the social 
organizations of his province. He is a mem- 
ber of the University, Royal Montreal Golf, 
Royal St. Lawrence Yacht, and Canada 
Clubs, Montreal; and of the Garrison Club, 
Quebec. During the world war he qualified 
as a Captain at the Royal School of Infantry, 
Halifax, N.S., in order that he might be able 
to meet the call of his country. In politics 
he clings to the old-fashioned name of Tory, 
and in religion is a Presbyterian. On April 
16, 1912, he married Geraldine Osborne 
Chapman, of Amherst, N.S., a grand-niece 
of the late Sir Charles Tupper, Bart., at one 
time Prime Minister of Canada, and has two 
daughters, Ruth Tupper and Beatrice Vipond 
Cousins. 

Heakes, Francis Riley (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born in Toronto, July 30, 1858, the 
youngest son of the late Samuel Heakes, of 
London, England, and Elizabeth Isabella 
Riley, of Birmingham, England. Mr. Heakes' 
father came to Toronto in 1845 and estab- 



lished a retail dry goods business on King 
Street, opposite Toronto Street. Mr. F. R. 
Heakes received his education in public and 
private schools of his native city, studied 
architecture in the office of the late Wm. 
Irving, a prominent architect of his time, and 
practised his profession privately till 1883, 
when he received the appointment of assist- 
ant to the late Kivas Tulley, architect for the 
Public Works of Ontario and succeeded that 
gentleman as Chief Architect for the prov- 
ince in 1896. Since that time a very large 
number of Government Buildings have been 
designed and erected by him throughout the 
province, including Court Houses, Hospitals, 
Educational and Agricultural Buildings, and 
recently the new Government House, which 
is designed after the French Chateau style, 
and is a splendid example of the architecture 
of the period of Louis XVIth, harmonizing 
most admirably with its picturesque environ- 
ment. "In it," writes "Construction," the 
architectural journal, in its February number, 
1916, "the architect has produced a gem that 
will stand as an enduring monument to his 
professional skill and artistic taste. Citizens 
of Toronto have every reason to be proud of 
the Official Home they have erected for the 
King's Representative." Mr. Heakes' duties 
are many, varied and onerous, but he attends 
to them diligently and with marked ability. 
He married Susan Pemberton, the fourth 
daughter of the late Thomas Wood, and has 
three sons and two daughters. Of his sons, 
Alfred is a manufacturer, while Lieut. Vernon 
of the R.A.F., and Sergt. Harold of the 10th 
Canadian Siege Battery, have fought for their 
country and world liberty in France. Mr. 
Heakes is a Presbyterian, a member of the 
Masonic Fraternity and of St. George's So- 
ciety. His residence is No. 489 Euclid Ave. 

Wallace, Thomas George (Woodbridge, 
Ont.), eldest son of the late Hon. N. Clarke 
Wallace, M.P., ex-Controller of Customs, 
Grand Master Orangemen of British North 
America, and Belinda Gilmor (Wallace), 
Canadians of Irish descent. Born May 7, 
1879, at Ottawa. Educated at Woodbridge 
Public School and Weston High School; 
general merchant and flour miller. Has had 
distinguished military career. Gazetted Cap- 
tain of the 30th Regiment, Dec. 15, 1897. 
Resigned commission to go to South Africa 
in the Boer War, as private in the Royal 
Canadian Regiment (1st Contingent) 1899- 
1900. Was in first engagement the Can- 
adians took part in at Sunnyside, 1st January, 
1900. Medal with three bars, viz.: Cape 



MAjWEllNCOLNmiNTER 
TORONTO 



EC. SUTHERLAND 

TORONTO 




Colony, Paardeberg and Driefontein. Prom- 
inent in the Orange Order, being Grand 
Director of Ceremonies of the Orangemen of 
British America. Anglican, Rector's Warden 
of Christ's Church, Woodbridge. Ranched 
for some time at McLeod, in the Province of 
Alberta. Well-known athlete, football and 
lacrosse enthusiast. Was Conservative Can- 
didate Centre York for the House of Com- 
mons in by-election, December, 1907, when 
defeated by 26 votes. First elected to Par- 
liament as representative of Centre York, 
at the general elections 1908, re-elected by 
510 in 1911, and re-elected at the general 
elections in 1917 by a majority of 7,300 
votes. Member of the Albany Club, Tor- 
onto. Captain Wallace is popular with 
all classes and a most useful member of the 
House of Commons. 

Mondou, Alberic Archie, B.A., LL.B. 

(Pierreville, Que.), born February 2, 1872, at 
St. Francois du Lac, son of Eusebe Mondou, 
general merchant and farmer, St. Francois du 
Lac, and Georgianna Desmarais, both French 
Canadians; educated at Nicolet College and 
Laval University, Montreal, from which he 
graduated with the degrees of B.A. and LL.B. 
Married, September 16, 1895, to Augustine, 
daughter of Michel Cardin, of Yamaska, Que. 
Is a Notary Public by profession. President 
and General Manager of the Strathcona Fire 
Insurance Co.; Vice-President and General 
Manager of the Quebec and Western Canada 
Land Syndicate, Limited; was Local Man- 
ager Provincial Bank of Canada at Pierre- 
ville, Que., 1902-1911. He was elected, May 
11, 1897, to the Quebec Legislature for the 
constituency of Yamaska and ran for the 
House of Commons for the same riding in 
1900 in the Conservative interest at the gen- 
eral election, but was defeated; he was elect- 
ed at the general election in 1911, retiring in 
1917. He is a Roman Catholic in religion. 
Mr. Mondou is Independent in politics, he is a 
member of the Canadian Club of Montreal, 
and has long been recognized as a successful 
business man of sterling worth, prominently 
identified with various large enterprises. 

Merner, Jonathan Joseph (Zurich.Ont.), 
born in Stanley Township, County of Huron, 
April 2, 1864, son of Gottlieb Merner, a 
Swiss, and Mary Ann Bleam, an American, 
a nephew of the late Senator Samuel Merner. 
Educated at Public School, Township of Hay, 
and subsequently went into the employ of 
Mr. D. D. Steinbach, General Merchant, at 
Zurich, where he acquired a good business 



training. Mr. Merner later embarked on his 
own account as a general merchant in Zurich, 
where he received his early mercantile ex- 
perience and success has crowned his indus- 
trial activities and intelligent efforts. In 
connection with the business, a large evapor- 
ator and apple jam factory is operated. Mr. 
Merner also controls an extensive farm in 
the fine Township of Hay, and has large real 
estate interests in Western Canada. He 
first entered political life in the year 1911, 
when he was returned to the House of Com- 
mons as a Conservative to represent the rid- 
ing of South Huron, and re-elected at the gen- 
eral elections in Dec. 1917. Mr. Merner, with 
his practical experience as a farmer and a mer- 
chant, and his large faith in the destinies of 
the Dominion, is most highly regarded by 
his constituents. On Oct. 3, 1900, he mar- 
ried Edith, daughter of Edward Graham, of 
Goderich, Ontario, and has six children, three 
girls, Minnie, Greta and Beatrice, and three 
boys, Edward, Clare and Borden. In reli- 
gion Mr. Merner is a Methodist. 

Lumsden, John. Ever active, progress 
followed the efforts of Alexander Lumsden, 
one of the pioneer lumbermen of the Ottawa 
Valley, and the father of John Lumsden, his 
only son, the subject of this sketch. On 
the death of his father in 1904, John Lumsden 
came into possession of large and rich timber 
limits in the Temiskaming region and a fleet 
of steamers for the transportation of men and 
supplies to the camps on the edge of Lake 
Kippewa. Inheriting his father's energy and 
vitality and his determination to keep ahead 
of the times, Mr. John Lumsden is ever found 
at the helm directing his business and care- 
fully sees that there is no lagging in the per- 
formance or execution of the necessary work. 
The lively town of Lumsden Mills, of over 
500 inhabitants, lighted by electricity and 
with its planing mills, head offices, large 
general store, church, school, bakery, lumber, 
boat works and handsome homes the crea- 
tion of this great lumber industry and owned 
entirely by Mr. Lumsden is nothing but 
hustle and bustle from morning till night and 
the abode of a happy and contented people 
who take great delight in watching the wheels 
of industry spinning and in doing their share 
towards the successful termination of each 
day's labor. At his mills between 125,000 
and 130,000 feet of lumber and 30,000 laths 
and pickets are turned out per day and sent 
to the piling grounds ready to be shipped to 
the markets of the world to wherever the 
demand calls for them. While Mr. Lumsden 



153 



has all these details and commercial and 
financial responsibilities resting upon his 
shoulders and demanding his careful admin- 
istrative and executive attention he can, and 
does, find time to make his racing establish- 
ments truly representative on the American 
turf at Maryland, Saratoga and other places. 
His horses represent a big investment there 
are between 20 and 30 of them two-year- 
olds, three-year-olds, seasoned campaigners, 
jumpers, etc., and most of them are a gilt- 
edge breeding of British and Irish Stock and 
racers of the swiftest class to whom many 
prizes and honors have fallen. Mr. Lumsden 
is President, Dominion Explosives, Ltd., La 
Banque Nationale Building, Ottawa; Presi- 
dent, Lumsden Lumber Company, Ltd., Ot- 
tawa; Director, Forwarders, Ltd., Kingston; 
Director, Caledonia Realties, Ltd., Mon- 
treal; Director, Security Life Insurance 
Company of Canada; Life Governor, St. 
Luke's Hospital, Ottawa, and is closely asso- 
ciated with many other philanthropic and 
business interests. He was born at Ottawa, 
June 24, 1870, and is the son of the late 
Alexander Lumsden, M.P.P., and Marguer- 
etta Lumsden, of Scottish descent. He be- 
gan his business career in the lumber business 
with his father and served apprenticeship as 
a machinist with the Patterson Law of Ot- 
tawa. He was chief engineer on a lake 
steamer from 1891 to 1893; was with the 
Laurie Engineering Company, Montreal; 
associated with his father, 1903-1905. In the 
latter year he went into business for himself. 
He established Dominion Explosives and be- 
came President in 1910. He organized the 
Lumsden Mining Co., and became President 
in 1906; organized the Lumsden Lumber Co. 
and became President, 1913. He is part 
owner of the Lumsden Building. Toronto; 
sole owner of the town of Lumsden Mills, 
Township of Gendreau, Province of Quebec. 
A member of the Ottawa Board of Trade; 
Director, Ottawa Horse Shows; offered build- 
ing at Lake Temiskaming to K.E. Memorial 
Hospital for Consumptives. On May 11, 
1905, Mr. Lumsden married Emily E. Mac- 
Pherson, daughter of John MacPherson, 
Pioneer Mill Builder, Chelsea. He is a mem- 
ber of the following Clubs: Laurentian, Con- 
naught Park Jockey, Royal Hunt, Rivermead 
Golf, Ontario (Toronto), Wabinini Hunting 
and Fishing, and of the A.F. & A.M. Society. 
His recreations are motoring, walking, read- 
ing. In politics he is a Liberal. In religion, 
a Presbyterian, and he resides at 38 Charles 
St., Ottawa. 



McNeeley, John Strachan Lewis, Police 
Magistrate, Carleton Place, Ontario. Is the 
son of Joseph L. and Susan McNeeley, and 
is a barrister-at-law by profession, Born in 
the Township of Beckurth, November 28, 
1870. Educated at Carleton Place High 
School and Trinity University, Toronto, 
from which latter institution he graduated 
with the degree of B.A. in 1893, and received 
the degree of M.A., 1895. Was called to the 
bar in 1897. Married, 1899, to Harriet 
Helen, daughter of the late Wm. Frost of 
Ottawa, aiyl is the father of the following 
children: Harriet Helen, Madeline, Isabelle, 
Hilda, Dorothy and Edna Marion. He is 
a member of the Masonic Order and an 
Oddfellow; in religion, he is an Anglican. 
P.M. McNeeley has occupied his present 
position as Magistrate for the Town of 
Carleton Place since 1895. He was appointed 
member of the Corporation of Trinity Uni- 
versity, Toronto, by the Anglican Synod of 
the Diocese of Ottawa in 1905, which position 
he held for several years. He was elected 
member of the Board of Education of 
Carleton Place in 1909 and has been a 
member of the Board ever since, being 
chairman in 1910-11. In politics Mr. 
McNeeley is a Conservative. 

Weichel, William George (Waterloo, 
Ont.), born at Elmira on July 20, 1870, son 
of Michael Weichel and Margaret Schmidt, 
the subject of this sketch is and has been 
one of the most prominent men in his native 
county for several years, and has been con- 
nected with its political, commercial and 
social progress and activities in a large way. 
He received his education at the Public 
School of Elmira, which place he left at the 
age of twenty to enter the employ of Shurly 
& Dietrich, saw manufacturers, Gait, where, 
after gaining a thorough knowledge of the 
business, he represented his firm for several 
years as travelling salesman. Later he bought 
out the hardware firm of J. W. Fear & Co. 
Has been President of the Board of Trade 
and President of the Canadian Club, of 
Kitchener, and Alderman, Deputy Reeve, 
and Mayor of the Town of Waterloo in 1911, 
in which year he was elected to the House of 
Commons as Conservative candidate for the 
riding of North Waterloo, defeating Hon. 
W. L. MacKenzie King, the Minister of 
Labor, by a majority of 315. Since his 
entry into Parliamentary life Mr. Weichel 
has greatly distinguished himself as a public 
speaker, and has been especially fearless and 
outspoken in support of the Military Service 
Act and of the Union Government. Mr. 



154 



Weichel, although of German origin, is very 
loyal to the country of his birth, and to 
British institutions. In the general elections 
held in 1917 Mr. Weichel was again a candi- 
date, but was defeated owing to the peculiar 
war-time conditions existing in the riding 
he had so brilliantly and faithfully repre- 
sented. He has a good platform presence 
and speaks with fluency and earnestness 
in support of his convictions, doing every- 
thing in his power to promote harmony and 
a good understanding among his constituents 
and to secure the successful termination of 
the great conflict in favor of the British 
Empire. Mr. Weichel married, on August 
19, 1896, Jessie R., daughter of Richard 
Kinsman, of Gait, and has three daughters, 
Norine, Minota and Audrey. He is a mem- 
ber of the Berlin Club and the Waterloo 
Club. His chief recreations are lawn bowl- 
ing and curling. In religion he is a Lutheran. 
Progressive, loyal, public spirited, with a ' 
high sense of duty, a talent and taste for 
public affairs, Mr. Weichel is a credit to his 
native county. 

McBrien, Frederick George (Toronto, 
Ont.), was born at Orangeville, in Dufferin 
County, in the year 1887, son of James C. and 
Abigail McBrien. He removed to Toronto at 
an early age, where he attended the public and 
high schools, and afterwards embarked in 
the hardware business, establishing a large 
trade, exhibiting much capacity and securing 
the confidence of the community by his 
enterprising qualities and fair methods. 
Subsequently he designed and built a large 
number of residences and apartment houses. 
He was elected as alderman of Ward Six in 
1910, at the age of 22, being one of the 
youngest members of the City Council, and 
re-elected in the years 1911, 1912 and 1913. 
In 1914 he was nominated for Mayor, and 
in an election in which he was opposed by 
three candidates, ran second, polling nearly 
18,000 votes. He retired from municipal life 
for two years and was again elected to the 
City Council as a representative of Ward 
Six in 1916-17. Retiring as Alderman for 
Ward Six, he was nominated as one of the 
Representatives of Ward three, and was 
elected, and at present is Chairman of 
of the Property Committee. Alderman Mc- 
Brien's municipal career has been a most 
useful one and he brings to bear on all civic 
problems, an analytical mind enriched by 
practical experience and a consideration for 
the taxpayers. He has specially interested 
himself in the welfare of the soldiers at the 



front and their dependents in his home city. 
A brother, Major Wm. Carson McBrien, has 
been overseas for some time, and won pro- 
motion. A good platform speaker and a 
keen debater, Alderman McBrien's sincerity 
is at all times convincing. In politics he is 
a Conservative and is identified with the 
Masonic, and Orange Orders and is an Odd- 
fellow. A member of the Methodist Church. 
He is also a Justice of the Peace. On Sept. 9, 
1912, Alderman McBrien married Irene Zella, 
daughter of John Edward Jarrott and Mrs. 
Jarrott, of Toronto, and has two children, 
Frederick George and Muriel Irene. 

Matthews, George Sands, Brantford, 
Ontario ; born at Lindsay, Ontario, February 
17, 1867; son of George and Ann Matthews; 
educated at Lindsay Public and High Schools, 
and graduate of Woodstock College, 1884. 
Married June 25, 1895, to Frances, daughter 
of Rev. Frederick Ratcliff. The union has 
been blessed by four children: George F., 
James J., Margaret R., and Howard S. Mr. 
Matthews has devoted his energies to mer- 
cantile life and is identified with many large 
well-known industrial enterprises, among 
which may be mentioned: Matthews-Black- 
well, Ltd., of which he is a Director, and was 
Manager at Brantford from 1903 to 1914; 
Vice-President of the Brantford Roofing Co., 
Treasurer of Niagara Silk Co., Ltd. Mr. 
Matthews was President of the Brantford 
Board of Trade in the year 1911, and Chair- 
man of the Brantford Board Park Commis- 
sion, 1910-1914. He is Vice-President of the 
Brantford Industrial Realty Co. and is finan- 
cially interested in eight of the city of Brant- 
ford's leading industries. He took a prom- 
inent interest in military matters for over 20 
years, 1885 to 1906, joining as a private in 
the 57th Battalion, Peterboro Rangers, in 
which he rose to the rank of Captain. He is 
a member of the National Club, Toronto, 
and the Brantford Club in his home city. 
In religion he is a Baptist, and in politics an 
Independent Conservative. 

Marcile, Joseph Edmond (Acton Vale, 
Que.), son of Vital Marcile and Elizabeth 
Jacques, his wife. Born at Contrecoeur, 
County of Vercheres, Que. Educated at 
Actonia High School and Academy, Que. 
Married first, Sept. 7, 1880, to Melvina 
Masse, who died March 2, 1884; secondly, 
Sept. 9, 1884, to Gracia Courville. Began 
his mercantile life as a clerk in a general 
store, from 1872-85, and w,as a dry goods 
merchant from 1885-1914, in which latter 



155 



year he sold out his business and became a 
gentleman farmer and manufacturer, and is 
at present a shareholder in the Acton Bis- 
cuit Co., Quebec. Has been Councillor, 
Mayor and Chairman of the School Board 
of Acton Vale. First elected to the House of 
Commons as the Liberal Representative for 
the County of Bagot at a by-election caused 
by the death of a sitting member, M. Dupont, 
when he received 1,431 votes as against 
1,384 cast for his opponent, M. Brodeur. 
Re-elected by the general elections in 1900 
by a majority of 156 over Honorable L. O. 
Taillon, and re-elected in 1904, 1908, 1911 
and 1917. Is the father of the following 
children: Charlotte, Berthe, Albert, Therese, 
Alice, Gaston, Contran, Philippe, Gertrude, 
Marie Ange, Gerard, and Yolande. He is a 
member of the following societies: Alliance 
Nationale, Artisans Canadien Francais, St. 
Joseph. Two of Mr. Marcile's sons, Gaston 
and Philippe are at the front in the 150th 
Regiment. In religion, the member for 
Bagot is a Roman Catholic. 

Doherty, Hon. Charles Joseph, K.C., 
D.C.L., LL.D., son of the late Hon. Marcus 
Doherty, a Judge of the Supreme Court for 
the Province of Quebec and Elizabeth 
(O'Halloran) Doherty, born at Montreal, 
May 11, 1855. Educated at St. Mary's 
(Jesuit) College and McGill University, 
Montreal, from which latter institution he 
graduated with the degree of B.C.L., and 
took the Elizabeth Torrance Gold Medal, 1876 
D.C.L. 1893, LL.D., Ottawa University, 
1895. Married, June, 1888, Catherine Lucy, 
the daughter of Edmund Barnard, K.C., 
Montreal. Admitted as Advocate, 1887, 
and appointed K.C. under Lord Lansdowne 
in 1887; ably practised his profession in 
Montreal where he became one of the 
leaders of the Bar; successfully pleaded before 
the Privy Council in England; was for many 
years Professor of Civil and International 
Law, McGill University; was President Uni- 
versity Literary Society; appointed Judge 
of the Superior Court for the Province of 
Quebec which office he filled from October 
1891, to November, 1906, when he retired. 
Was a candidate for the representation of 
Montreal West in the Quebec Legislature, 
December, 1881, and candidate for the rep- 
resentation of Montreal Centre in Quebec 
Legislature in October, 1886. Defeated both 
times. First elected to the House of Com- 
mons for St. Ann's division, Montreal, in 
the Conservative interests, and at the Gen- 
eral elections in 1908; re-elected, 1911, and 



again in 1917. Sworn in as member of the 
Privy Council for Canada and appointed 
Minister of Justice, October 10, 1911. After 
accepting office was re-elected by acclama- 
tion. Presented with a life-size portrait in 
oils by the Montreal Bar, 1907; elected a 
Governor of Laval University, 1903; elected 
Director of La Banque Provinciale, 1907; 
elected a Director of Montreal City and 
District Savings Bank, 1908; elected Direc- 
tor Prudential Trust Company, 1911; elected 
a Director of the Capital Life Assurance 
Company, 1911; elected President Canadian 
Securities Corporation, 1910; President St. 
Patrick's Society, Montreal, 1903-04; also 
Director International Truth Society, and 
a Trustee of St. Patrick's Orphans' Asylum, 
Montreal. As a young man was President 
of the Shamrock Lacrosse Club and the 
Shamrock Amateur Athletic Association; 
formerly President Irish National League, 
Montreal. A supporter of Home Rule for 
Ireland; was Captain in the 65th Mount 
Royal Rifles and retired, retaining rank in 
1887, after serving through the North-west 
Rebellion. He is the father of the following 
children: Kathleen, Eileen Margaret, Eliza- 
beth and Marcus. A Member of the follow- 
ing clubs: Mount Royal, St. James, Univer- 
sity Club, Montreal, Rideau Club, Ottawa, 
Country Club, Golf Club, Ottawa, Catholic 
Club, New York. The Minister of Justice 
is recognized by men of all shades of political 
opinion as an honorable man of exceptional 
ability and energy, and is greatly esteemed 
by all classes for his splendid character, his 
capacity, probity, worth, and public spirit. 

Starr, J. R. L. (Toronto, Ont.) was born 
October 5, 1865, and after receiving a thor- 
ough primary and Collegiate education 
at the Collegiate Institutes of Collingwood 
and Whitby, matriculated in 1883. He then 
entered Victoria University, where he ob- 
tained honors in classics the first two years, 
and in philosophy the last two years. In 
1887 the Alma Mater conferred upon him 
the degree of B.A., and in 1890 the degree of 
LL.B. The same year he was admitted to 
the Bar, having been articled to Mr. W. H. P. 
Clement, of the well-known firm of Mc- 
Carthy, Osier, Hoskin & Creelman, where he 
remained for one year, and was for a like 
period of time associated with Mr. Clement. 
Mr. Starr then embarked in the active indi- 
vidual practice of his profession until 1895, 
when he formed a co-partnership under the 
firm name of Thorne, Warren & Starr which 
firm continued until 1900, when the present 



156 



well-known partnership of Masten, Starr & 
Spence was formed. Mr. Starr numbers 
among his large and constantly increasing 
clientele some of the leading corporations of 
the city, his firm being solicitors for the 
Bank of Nova Scotia and other large corpora- 
tions. Mr. Starr is a member of the National 
Club'and Orange Society, and is well-known 
in Conservative political circles. Mr. Starr, 
in addition to the arduous duties of his pro- 
fession, for many years found time to devote 
much of his energy to public affairs, sitting 
on the Board of Education for seven years 
and being twice elected as a member of the 
City Council. While a member of these im- 
portant bodies he was prominent in the 
agitation for better play grounds for the 
children of the city, and was largely instru- 
mental in bringing about the betterment and 
enlargement of such grounds. Mr. Starr is 
always in earnest in the conduct of his 
business, and amongst the profession has an 
enviable reputation for honesty and straight- 
forwardness. These qualities make the prac- 
tice of his profession with his fellow-lawyers 
particularly agreeable and friendly, and he 
is frequently able to settle difficult matters 
where others might fail. He is better 
known as a "settler" of law suits than 
as a counsel. He is a prominent 
Methodist and very active in church work. 
In politics he is a staunch Conservative and 
a possible future member of Parliament. 

MacAulay, Brock, was born in South- 
ampton, Ont., March 14, 1871. He is a 
son of Donald MacAulay and Annie Mc- 
Leod, of Stornoway, Scotland. He is a 
merchant in Southampton and also inter- 
ested in two fishing tugs which fish out of 
that harbor. In the realm of sport the 
name of Brock MacAulay is known from 
one end of Canada to the other. His two 
great pastimes are bowling and curling. 
In years gone by he and his great rink of 
curlers have brought honor and fame to 
Southampton. No big bonspiel was com- 
plete without these hardy men from the 
Bruce Peninsula, and they demonstrated . 
under the guidance of Brock MacAulay, 
that they knew the roarin' game to perfec- 
tion. When they were not winners, they 
were runners up, and seldom have they 
returned home without annexing a good 
share of the trophies. In bowling it was the 
same, and they also brought the name of 
their town to the fore. Brock MacAulay 
in both games, is a skip of rare judgment, 
and it is in the tight places that his brilliancy 



shines. He seldom fails to draw to the T 
or kitty when it is required of him. He is 
a good sportsman, and win or lose he has 
always been noted for his great good nature. 
In private he is a good story teller and an 
interesting companion. He is a member of 
St. Lawrence Lodge, No. 131, A.F. & A.M., 
of Southampton, the Sons of Scotland, and 
the I.O.F. He is a Presbyterian in religion 
and a Liberal in politics. He married Miss 
Jean Webster, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Webster, of Lion's Head. They 
have one daughter, Helen, and one son, 
Douglas. 

Paquet, Eugene, M.D., born at Agaipt, 
Lotbiniere County, Que., October 23, 1867, 
son of Francois Paquet, farmer, and his wife, 
Clarisse Bergeron (French-Canadians) . Edu- 
cated at Seminary, Quebec, and Laval Uni- 
versity, from which he graduated with the 
degree of M.D. Received his degree in 
1892, passing with great distinction. He 
has practised medicine at St. Aubert, L' Islet 
County, since graduation. Elected to the 
House of Commons at the general election 
of 1894, re-elected in 1908 and 1911. A 
Roman Catholic in religion and a Conserva- 
tive. A frequent contributor to "Le Peuple 
de Montmagny." Married May 30, 1893, to 
Elise Lafrance at Quebec, a daughter of 
Victor Lafrance of that city, and is the father 
of one child, Lucienne Paquet, born Nov. 23, 
1894. 

St. Jean, Ulric (Contrecoeur, Que.). Is 
the son of the late Antoine St. Jean and was 
born on April 22, 1869, at Contrecceur. 
Educated at the Model School of his native 
place where he was for five years President 
of the Commissioners of Schools. Always 
took an active part in the political life of his 
County before his appointment as Registrar 
in June, 1914, being President of the Liberal 
Club twice, for Vercheres County. Married 
Marie Joseph Guyon, daughter of Ludger 
Guyon, and is the father of the following 
children: Jeanne, Annette Simone, Gilberte 
Etiennette. Mr. St. Jean is a member of the 
Board of Trade in Montreal and in religion 
is a Roman Catholic. 

Cash, Edward L., M.D., Yorkton, Sask., 
son of David Cash (English) and Elisabeth 
Eckardt, his wife (Canadian), born Decem- 
ber 26, 1849, at Markham Village, Ont., 
where he attended the Public and High 
Schools, afterwards the Victoria Univer- 
sity, Cobourg, graduating with the degree 
of M.D. in the year 1871, and being licensed 



157 



by the Ontario College of Physicians and 
Surgeons the same year. Married, Jan- 
uary 10, 1898, Mary B. Simpson, daughter 
of Wm. Simpson. Resided for some years, 
1871-1896, in the United States, and was 
elected County Clerk of the District 
Court for Rock County, Nebraska. Com- 
menced the practice of medicine in York- 
ton in 1897, and soon established a large 
practice, where he was elected to the House 
of Commons at the general election for 
McKenzie as a Liberal in the general elections 
of 1908-1911. He is a Congregationalist 
in religion. Dr. Cash is the father of three 
children, i.e., Abbie Ruth, Nellie Katherine, 
and David E. L. He is a member of the 
Masonic Order, an Oddfellow, A. O. U. W., 
K. O. T. M., and also of the Canadian Club 
and Yorkton Club. 

Sine, Frederick (Sydenham, Ont.). Was 
born at Madoc, Ont., January 24, 1877, and 
is the son of George William Sine. Educated 
at the Collegiate Institute of Collingwood and 
Meaford High School, and Queen's Univer- 
sity, Kingston, from which latter institution 
he graduated with first-class honors in Chem- 
istry and Physics, and also received the de- 
gree of M.A. in 1906; also took the degree of 
B.Sc. in Geology and Mineralogy at the 
School of Mining, Kingston, 1908. While at 
Queen's University he was Demonstrator in 
Chemistry. Mr. Sine taught Public Schools 
in Grey County and Hawkesbury, and High 
Schools at Hawkesbury, Dundas and Syden- 
ham. He married Annie, daughter of James 
Watson, of Dundas, Ont. In religion, he is 
a member of the Methodist Church, and 
politically, is a Liberal. 

Labelle, Alfred Eugene, Brigadier-Gen- 
eral, Managing Director of the St. Lawrence 
Flour Mills Co., Montreal, Que. Started in 
the milling business as Secretary to W. W. 
Ogilvie (the late Canadian Flour King) in 

1884, and rose to the position of local Man- 
ager at Montreal, for the Ogilvie Mills Co., 
from which he retired in 1910 to form the 
present company, of which he is Managing 
Director. General Labelle served as a 
Lieutenant in the North- West Campaign of 

1885, was in command of the 65th Regiment 
for two terms, 1896-1912, in command of the 
12th Infantry Regiment, 1912-1916; in com- 
mand of the Canadian Bisley Team, 1908; 
promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General, 
1916; and chairman of the Council of the 
Dominion Rifle Association, 1916-17. He 
has been decorated by the French Government 



a Commander of the Legion of Honour, and 
also wears the North-West Rebellion Medal 
and the long service and Diamond Jubilee 
Decorations. General Labelle has been Pres- 
ident of the Montreal Chambre de Commerce, 
Director of the Montreal Com. Exchange, 
and several Companies, and a Commissioner 
of the Harbor of Montreal since 1913. He 
was born at Montreal, August 23, 1866, the 
son of Hospie Labelle and Leocadie Masson, 
receiving his education in government schools 
and Bishop's Academy. He married Amelie, 
daughter of Judge L. W. Sicotte, Montreal, 
April 30, 1890, by whom he has five sons and 
one daughter. He is a member of the follow- 
ing clubs: St. James, St. Denis, Montreal, 
Canadian and Chapleau, all of Montreal. 
By religion General Labelle is a Catholic, and 
a Conservative in politics. 

Weir, William M., President of the Can- 
ada Foundries & Forgings, Ltd., Westmount, 
Que., was born in Quebec City, July 26, 1873, 
the son of Mary A. McGoldrick and W. E. 
Weir, Quebec, and graduated from Ottawa 
University. He is a Director of the follow- 
ing companies: Canada Foundries & Forg- 
ings, Ltd.; Carriage Factories, Ltd.; J. H. 
McKay Co., Ltd. ; Eastern Canada Fisheries, 
Ltd., and Ateras Wharf & Warehousing Co., 
Ltd., Havana, Cuba. On November 25, 
1903, Mr. Weir married Florence E-, daughter 
of J. J. Weville, Ottawa, Ont., and has seven 
children, Mary Doris, William Dermand, 
Marion Lucille, Irene Grace, Florence Eliza- 
beth, Joseph Harrison, and Margaret Ruth. 
Mr. Weir is a Captain in the 55th Regt. Irish 
Canadian Rangers, and a member of the St. 
James and Royal St. Lawrence Yacht Clubs, 
Montreal, also of the Welland and Brockville 
Clubs. He is a Roman Catholic in religion. 

Mackenzie, Hugh Blair (Westmount, 
Que.), General Manager of the Bank of Brit- 
ish North America, began his banking career 
with the Canadian Bank of Commerce, at 
Brantford, Ont., in 1884, and in 1887 joined 
the forces of the Bank of British North 
America at Brantford; was transferred from 
there to St. John, Que., and then to Mon- 
treal, where he became Secretary to the Gen- 
eral Manager in 1893. He was appointed 
Accountant in London, Ont., in 1894, and 
Assistant Inspector in 1895, which position 
he held until 1903, when he became Chief 
Inspector, acting in this capacity until he 
was appointed Manager at Victoria, B.C., in 
1905. He became Superintendent of Central 
Branches at Winnipeg, in 1907, removing to 



Montreal in 1909, to the position of Superin- 
tendent of Branches there, and held this post 
until 1912, when he was appointed to his 
present office as General Manager. He was 
born at Ingersoll, Ont., December 14, 1867, 
the son of Venerable Archdeacon C. C. 
Mackenzie, D.C.L., late rector of Grace 
Church, Brantford, Ont., and Helen (Boomer) 
Mackenzie, and is a brother of Prof. M. A. 
Mackenzie, of Toronto University. His 
earlier education took place in the Public 
School at Kincardine, Ont., going from there 
to the Collegiate Institute at Brantford, and 
then to Trinity College, Port Hope, Ont. 
On October 11, 1902, Mr. Mackenzie married 
Maude Marion Weir, daughter of the late 
Oswald Weir, a banker, of Brantford, Ont., 
and has three children, Amy Maxwell, born 
October 10, 1903; Maxwell Hibbard Weir, 
born June 30, 1907, and Malcolm Blair, born 
April 19, 1913. He is a member of the 
Anglican Church and of the Mount Royal 
Club, Montreal. For recreation he takes an 
active interest in golf, being a member of the 
Royal Montreal and Kanawaki Golf Clubs. 

McKay, Honorable James, Regina, Sask., 
one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the 
Province of Saskatchewan. Before his eleva- 
tion to the bench in 1915, his lordship was a 
prominent barrister at Prince Albert,Sask.,and 
Public Administrator and Official Guardian 
of the Judicial District of Saskatchewan. 
Registrar of the Diocese of Saskatchewan and 
Solicitor for the same; Director Prince Albert 
Victoria Hospital. Was born in Manitoba, 
1862, son of Wm. McKay, Factor in Hudson 
Bay Company. Married 1900, Florence, 
daughter of J. Lestock Reid. Educated at St. 
John's College, Manitoba. Winner of Duf- 
ferin Medal for Ancient and Modern History; 
University Medal in Classics. Graduated at 
the University of Manitoba (B.A. Honor 
Classics). Called to the Bar of Manitoba, 
1886, and to the North-West Territories Bar, 
1887; practised at Prince Albert, Sask., until 
elevation to the bench. Was Crown Prose- 
cutor for Saskatchewan, 1888-1897; ap- 
pointed Q.C. in 1894; has been Councillor 
for Prince Albert. Actively engaged with the 
Militia and took part in the suppressing of 
North-West Rebellion in 1885, doing special 
duty with French's Scouts. Candidate for 
the Liberal Conservatives, Dominion General 
Election, 1896, when defeated by Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier, elected as member of the House of 
Commons for the Constituency of Prince 
Albert in 1911, at the General Elections, 
which seat he resigned on being appointed a 



Judge of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan, 
being succeeded by Lt.-Col. Samuel James 
Donaldson, who was elected to fill the vacancy 
by acclamation. His lordship has one 
daughter, Marion. He is a member of the 
Church of England and a Free Mason, and a 
Forester. Recreations, shooting, riding, ten- 
nis and bowling. 

Hannon, James Willson, Regina, Sas- 
katchewan, son of Rev. Jas. Hannon, 
D.D., a prominent clergyman of the 
Methodist Church, and Sarah Margaret 
Willson; was born at Hamilton, Ontario, 
October 11, 1870. Educated at Provincial, 
Public and High Schools and matriculated 
with honors in Classics at Toronto Univer- 
sity; subsequently studied law, and was 
called to the bar at Osgoode Hall, Toronto. 
In his earlier years he taught in Ontario rural 
schools, but went West in 1898, and has 
since been largely identified with the history 
and progress of Saskatchewan; being succes- 
sively Crown Prosecutor of the Old Judicial 
District of that Province; Agent of Dominion 
Lands, and Crown Timber Agent at Prince 
Albert, Saskatchewan; and Registrar of 
Land Titles at Battleford, Saskatchewan, 
leaving the latter place in 1909, having been 
appointed District Judge at Regina, the 
Provincial Capital. Judge Hannon married 
Emma Orilla, daughter of Charles Campbell 
Woods, of Toronto, on July 25, 1900. He is 
a member of the Board of Governors of 
Regina College, and also of the Police Com- 
mission of that city, and a member of the 
I.O.F. In religion Judge Hannon is a 
Methodist. 

Leblanc, Sir Pierre - Evariste, K.G. 

(Quebec, Que.), Lieutenant-Governor of the 
Province of Quebec, comes of an historic 
family which was among those driven from 
Acadia, Nova Scotia, and settled at L'Isle 
Jesus, Laval County, Que. He is the son of 
Joseph Leblanc and Adele Belanger, born at 
St. Martin, August 10, 1853, and educated 
in the Academy of that place and Normal 
School of Jacques-Cartier. The present 
Lieutenant-Governor was called to the Bar 
in 1879, and was for several years a teacher. 
In 1893 he was created King's Counsel by 
Lord Stanley, of Preston, and was a member 
of the Provincial Legislature of Quebec from 
1882 to 1908, during which time he was 
speaker of the Assembly under the de 
Boucherville, Taillon and Flynn Govern- 
ments. His Honor was appointed Lieutenant- 
Governor of the province in 1915, and K.C.- 
M.G., June 3, 1916. He married Herminie, 






159 



daughter of Theodore Beaudry and Catharine 
Vallee, January 12, 1886, by whom he has 
three children Lieutenant Beaudry Leblanc, 
C.E.F., Mrs. Juliette L. De Costa, Buenos 
Ayres, and Mrs. Arthur Perodeau, Montreal. 
He is a member of the Garrison Club, Que- 
bec; Mount Royal, Montreal Hunt, and St. 
James Clubs, all of Montreal. In religion 
His Honor is a Roman Catholic, and in 
politics a Conservative. 

Stewart, Dougald, B.A., M.D., M.P. 

(Lunenburg Co., N.S.); born December 5, 
1862, at Upper Musquodoboit, Halifax 
County, Nova Scotia, son of John Sprott 
Stewart, a Scotch-Canadian, and Sarah J. 
Archibald, an English-Canadian. Educated 
at Pictou Academy, Dalhousie College, Uni- 
versity of New York, Degree B.A., 1886, 
M.D., 1892. Married, October 18, 1892, to 
Dora Helma, daughter of William T. Kelley, 
of Shelburne, N.S. ; has two children, Evelyn 
Jean and Dorothy. On graduation as a 
Medical Doctor, he settled in Bridgewater, 
in 1892, where he has since had a large prac- 
tice, was elected member of the Bridgewater 
Town Council in 1901, and was mayor for 
four successive terms, 1907-1910, was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trade and elected Presi- 
dent in 1910, which office he held for several 
terms. In 1911, Doctor Stewart was selected 
as the Conservative Candidate for the County 
of Lunenburg, N.S., in the House of Com- 
mons, and was returned. In his college days, 
the doctor was prominent in athletics. He 
is identified with several fraternal organiza- 
tions and societies and is at present Grand 
Master I.O.O.F. for the Maritime Provinces. 
A Presbyterian in religion, and a member of 
St. John's Church, Bridgewater. 

Demers, Joseph, born November 11, 
1861, at St. Julie, County of Megantic, 
Province of Quebec. Son of Edouard Demers, 
carriage maker, and Olympe Demers, both 
French-Canadians. Educated at St. Julie. 
The subject of this sketch is emphatically 
a self-made man and has been the architect 
of his own fortune. He started clerking in 
1877 with Georges Turcotte, of St. Julie, 
and remained with him until 1883, when he 
decided to locate at Thetford Mines, which 
was then only a small village with a few 
houses and which has since grown into a 
thriving centre. In this place Mr. Demers 
started a general store and has been very 
successful. He was Councillor from 1890 
till 1893, Mayor from 1893 to 1895, and 
Alderman from 1903 to 1905. First elected 
to the Quebec Legislature as a Liberal repre- 



sentative for the County of Megantic at the 
general elections on May 15, 1912, 
when he defeated B. H. Pennington, the 
former member, by a majority of 401 votes, 
and continued to represent the county until 
1916. He is a director and promoter of the 
Compagnie Hydraulique of St. Francois. 
Married September 30, 1885, to Mary, 
daughter of Louis Roberge, merchant, of St. 
Julie, and is the father of the following 
children: Leonard, Honore, Jean, Marie Ann, 
Antoinette and Gabrielle. Is a member of 
the Canadian Club and the City Club, and 
also of the Knights of Columbus. In religion 
is a Roman Catholic. 

McLean, The Hon. Daniel, M.L.A., of 

Orangedale, Inverness County, Nova Scotia, 
- is a Presbyterian, a Liberal and a Mason. 
Born at Whycocomah, March 22, 1864, he 
received a good education in the public 
schools of his district. He is a son of Donald 
and Sarah McLean, and a nephew of the 
late Hon. James Macdonald, M. P. P. Donald 
McLean was a farmer arid the Hon. Daniel is 
a general merchant. From 1894 to 1897 he 
was a member of the municipal council. 
On October 4, 1894, the Hon. Mr. Mc- 
Lean married Ella C. McPhie, daughter of 
Angus McPhie, a farmer and blacksmith, 
of West Bay, Inverness. They have four 
daughters, Maud, Ella, Margaret, and 
Irma. 

Vance, His Honor George Montgomery, 

Senior Judge of the County of Simcoe, is a 
son of William and Elizabeth Vance, of 
Millbrook, Ont., and was born in the town- 
ship of Cavan, County of Durham, on 
October 4, 1866. Educated at the Mill- 
brook High School and Osgoode Hall. 
Studied law in the office of W. L. Walsh, 
K.C., Orangeville, now Honorable Justice 
Walsh of the Province of Alberta. Called 
to the Bar in the fall of 1893, and immedi- 
ately commenced the practice of law in the 
Village of Shelburne, in the County of 
Dufferin, which he continued with marked 
success until 1913, when he was appointed 
Senior County Judge and Judge of the 
Surrogate Court of the County of Simcoe. 
Before his elevation to the Bench His Honor 
took a large interest in the affairs of the 
Village of Shelburne and the County of 
Dufferin both municipally and politically. 
He was Reeve and Chairman of the School 
Board, and took a large interest in its social 
and political life. When at the Bar Judge 
Vance enjoyed a large practice and was 
solicitor for several corporations and town- 



160 




SIR LOMER GOUIN 
Quebec 



I 



ships, and also the village of Shelburne, and 
has always taken a prominent part in advo- 
cating all educational and patriotic move- 
ments and those calculated to stimulate a 
strong national sentiment. A man of large 
practical experience and a sound lawyer, 
His Honor is a fluent and convincing speaker, 
and his judgments have been characterized 
by sound reason and a large vein of common 
sense. He is an ardent motorist and has 
owned and driven a car for several years. 
He was married July 2, 1894, to Mary S., 
daughter of Peter Johnston, and is the father 
of two daughters, Lois and Ruth. He is a 
member of the Anglican Church. Resi- 
dence, Barrie, Ont. 

Power, William, son of William Power 
and B. Fitzgerald, his wife, both Irish, was 
born in the parish of Sillery, Quebec, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1849, educated at the Parochial 
schools of his native parish. Mr. Power 
married July 4, 1881, Susan Winnifred, 
daughter of James Rockett, Que., and has 
five sons and two daughters. He is a mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic Church, and 
belongs to the Knights of Columbus and the 
Garrison Club, and the Fish, Game and 
Yacht Club of Quebec. He is ex-President 
of the Board of Trade of the City of Quebec, 
President of the La Fontaine Lumber Com- 
pany, and Vice-President of the River Ouelle 
Pulp and Lumber Company and a member of 
the firm of W. & J Sharplen. First elected 
for the Constituency of Quebec West in 
the House of Commons, January 15, 1902, 
to replace Hon. Mr. Dobell, who died in 
England. Re-elected at the general elec- 
tions of 1904. Defeated in 1908 and again 
elected at the general elections in 1911. 

Proulx, Edmond, M.P. for Prescott, son 
of the late Isidore Proulx, who was M.P. for 
Prescott County from 1891 till his death, 
July 23, 1904, and Philomene Lalande, his 
wife, both French-Canadians. Born at St. 
Hernias, in the County of Two Mountains, 
Que., on the 21st of May, 1875. Educated 
at Bourget College, Rigaud, Que., St. 
Michael's College, Toronto, Ottawa Univers- 
ity, and the Law School, Osgoode Hall, 
Toronto. Was married January 2, 1907, to 
Madame Elliott Fraser (nee Renee Audette), 
daughter of Randolph Audette, of the City 
of Quebec, wholesale merchant, and Presi- 
dent of La Banque Nationale, and is the 
father of two sons, Henri and Marcel, and 
two daughters, Therese and Cecile. Is a 
Public School Trustee of the town of L'Orig- 
nal, a member of the C.M.B.A., Artisans 



and C.F., and Union St. Joseph of Canada. 
Has been Reeve of the town of L'Orignal, 
and Vice-President of The Ontario General 
Reform Association; first elected to the 
House of Commons as member for the 
County of Prescott at the general elections 
1904, and subsequently at the general elec- 
tions of 1908, 1911 and 1917. Is a Liberal 
in politics. In religion Mr. Proulx is a 
Roman Catholic. He is very popular 
among all classes of the community and 
has a splendid command of both the English 
and French languages. 

Donogh, John Ormsby, Lumber mer- 
chant, Toronto. Was born at Toronto on 
the 25th of March, 1854, son of William 
Donogh and Elizabeth Hayward, his wife; 
was educated at the public schools in the 
Township of Mono and afterwards in the 
City of Toronto. Mr. Donogh has been 
long recognized as one of the pioneer lumber 
merchants of the City of Toronto, and for 
many years carried on business with Joseph 
Oliver, formerly Mayor of the City of To- 
ronto, the firm name being "Donogh & 
Oliver." He was instrumental in organizing 
and promoting of the Methodist Union of 
Toronto and was President for four years. 
The Union takes charge of all missionary 
and church extension work in the provincial 
capital. For many years Mr. Donogh has 
been prominent in the I.O.O.F. and has been 
past Grand Master for many years, and at 
present is Grand Treasurer of the Order. 
He was married on Sept. 21, 1874, to Miss 
Wordley; and is a member of the National 
Club of Toronto, a Mason, and an Odd- 
fellow. He is a man with a large viewpoint 
and of sterling integrity, and has in the past 
supported the Liberal Party. His recrea- 
tion is golf. 

Jones, James William, Kelowna, B.C., 
is the son of James and Tryphena Searles, 
both Canadians. Was born at Utica, 
Ont., on September 31, 1869, educated 
at the High Schools of Uxbridge and Port 
Perry, and was a general merchant in 
Grenfell, 1894 to 1906. Moved to Kelowna, 
B.C., 1907, where he took an active in- 
terest in developing a large tract of irri- 
gated lands in the Okanagan Valley, at 
Kelowna. Is Secretary- Treasurer of Central 
Okanagan Land & Orchard Company of 
Kelowna, he is also prominent in mercantile 
life, being President of Lawson's Limited, 
dry goods and furnishings, also President of 
McKenzie Trading Company of Kelowna. 
Was Mayor of Kelowna for five years, 1912- 



161 



1917, inclusive, and was elected at the last 
election as Conservative member in the 
British Columbia Legislature for South 
Okanagan. Mr. Jones married in 1893, 
Adam M., daughter of M. T. Bird, of Gren- 
fell, Sask., and is the father of four children: 
Ethelwyn, Clarence, Vivian and Nellie. He 
is a member of the Masonic Order and also 
of the Independent Order of Foresters. In 
religion he is a Methodist. 

Watson, Sir David, K.C.B. and Brig- 
adier-General (Quebec City), promoted to 
take command of the 4th Canadian Division 
of the forces at the front in April, 1916, is a 
native of the city of Quebec, having been 
born in that city on February 7, 1869. He 
is the only son of Mr. William Watson, his 
mother's maiden name having been Miss 
Jean Grant, daughter of one of Quebec's well- 
known merchants of Lower Town. From 
school and after some preliminary training in 
municipal work, he passed into the "Chron- 
icle " office, when Mr. John J. Foote was man- 
ager and proprietor of the paper, and there 
worked his way up through the various de- 
partments of journalism, until he finally 
became the managing director of the estab- 
lishment. He has held the office of Presi- 
dent of the Quebec Press Association, and 
visited London for a first time as a delegate 
to the Imperial Press Congress, held in that 
city in 1908, and a third time as commander 
of the 8th Royal Rifles during the royal cele- 
bration 'of 1901. In the military life of 
Quebec he has been interested for over 
twenty years, and during that time was given 
promotion step by step until he was in com- 
mand of his battalion as its Colonel, a posi- 
tion which he had held for two or three years 
before the European War broke out. Hav- 
ing been selected to take charge of the 2nd 
Battalion in the 1st Brigade of the 1st Can- 
adian Division, in August, 1914, he pro- 
ceeded from the Valcartier Camp with troops 
in charge, for their further training at Salis- 
bury Plains; and, after spending the early 
winter months there, he proceeded to the 
front in January, 1915. He was by this time 
a Colonel in full rank. At the seat of war he 
was continuously engaged as a commanding 
officer all during the campaigning up to the 
summer of 1917, having taken part with his 
Division in the operations of Neuve Chapelle, 
in March, 1915, as well as in the second battle 
of Ypres in April, in the fight at Festubert 
in May, and that of Givenchy in June. In 
recognition of his skill and prudence in these 
engagements he was promoted to command 



the 5th Brigade of the 2nd Canadian Division 
in the month of August following, and forth- 
with as a Brigadier-General, he led his 
Brigade in the successive engagements 
of Wytschaete, Kemmel, and St. Eloi, during 
the spring of 1916. Subsequently he was 
placed in charge of the 4th Canadian Div- 
ision and made extended raids in the Ypres 
salient and at St. Eloi, and thereafter, 
for forty-nine days without intermission, 
he and his Brigade shared in the excit- 
ing engagements along the River Somme. 
No less than three attacks were made by 
General Watson and his Division, one on the 
llth of October, another on the 22nd of that 
month, and one on the 18th of November, 
1916, all of these accumulating renown by 
their intrepid approach on the enemy. Nor 
was the commander's bravery overlooked by 
the War Office, since General Watson has 
come in for special mention in the despatches 
exchanged between the general Field Staff and 
the War Department no less than four times. 
He was awarded the high honor of Com- 
mander of the Bath, and in 1918 was further 
honored by a Knighthood in that order. 
The record of the General's active service 
at the front is a fitting complement to 
a career of over twenty years' experience in 
military operations, from the days of his 
entering the 8th Royal Rifles, made up of his 
Quebec fellow-citizens, to the time of his 
being a General in full command of the bat- 
tlefields of Europe. His career savors of 
romance. A newspaper employee, a prom- 
inent business man in his native city, a 
volunteer of the ranks, a captain, a major, a 
colonel, and at last a general, form the grades 
of a ladder overcome step by step which his 
fellow-Canadians cannot but contemplate 
with pride. It was taken for granted that 
in the event of Sir Arthur Currie's transfer 
to another command Sir David would suc- 
ceed him as Commander-in-Chief of the 
Canadian army in France. General Watson 
married Miss Mary Browning, of Quebec, 
on September 11, 1893, and has a family 
of three daughters. 

Thompson, Alfred (Dawson City, Yukon 
Territory), Physician and Surgeon, son of 
James A. Thompson and Jane Thompson, 
both Canadians. Born June 6, 1869, at 
Nine-Mile River, Hants County, Nova Scotia. 
Educated at Public School by private tutor, 
and graduated from Dalhousie University, 
Halifax, N.S., with degree of M.D.C.M., in 
1898. Married Elsie Miller, daughter of Ja- 
cob Miller, of Elmsdale, Nova Scotia, March 1, 



162 



1894. Went to Klondyke in 1899 and began 
practice of his profession; elected to Yukon 
Council in 1902. First elected to the House 
of Commons at the general elections of 1904, 
as an Independent. This was the second 
election held for the House of Commons in 
the Yukon, when Dr. Thompson was opposed 
by F. T. Congdon, K.C., who resigned the 
Governorship of the Territory to contest the 
seat. Dr. Thompson resigned his seat on 
the Yukon Council at the same time. The 
vote stood: Thompson 2,113, Congdon 
1,495, a majority for Dr. Thompson of 
618. Nomination was held on November 
18, election on December 16, and the return 
was received at Ottawa on March 13, 1915. 
Retired at end of Parliamentary term and 
resumed practice; again elected to House 
of Commons in 1911 at the general elec- 
tions, over his former opponent, F. T. 
Congdon, K.C., by a majority of over 
450, and again returned at the last general 
elections held in the Yukon Territory, which 
were deferred until December 31, 1917. 
Dr. Thompson's election was due to the 
vote of the soldiers overseas which he re- 
ceived as the Unionist Candidate. Is a 
member of the Masonic Order and of the 
Zero Club, Dawson, Yukon Territory, and 
is a Presbyterian. Father of two children, 
Alfreda, born December 30, 1904, and 
Norman, born August 5, 1909. Dr. Thomp- 
son is a supporter of the Unionist Govern- 
ment and a dominant force in the Yukon 
Territory, where he has resided for upwards 
of eighteen years, and has done much to pro- 
mote the growing importance of the district. 

Struthers, James Douglas, M.D., Tiver- 
ton, Ont., first became a member of his 
father's family on April 7, 1886, in the 
County of Bruce, near the village of Under- 
wood. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. 
James Struthers, of Port Elgin, who for 
many years were residents of Bruce Town- 
ship, and whose farm was one of the best, 
the owner having brought his splendid 
Scotch knowledge into one of the finest 
settlements in the Dominion, where suc- 
cess and shrewd business ability crowned 
his labors. This son of worthy parents 
had a longing for knowledge and professional 
life, and as a youth was studious in S.S. 
No. 8, Bruce, having his thirst for know- 
ledge awakened and developed along proper 
lines. His next step was to the High School 
in Port Elgin, from which he successfully 
matriculated . He then went to business college 
for half a year, which was followed by duties 



in railroad office work. While thus employed 
he decided that his life work would be that 
of a doctor. He attended Toronto Uni- 
versity and was awarded the degree of 
Bachelor of Medicine in 1911. Of a likeable 
and charming disposition he was ever a 
favorite at college, and was honored by his 
fellow students in the University by being 
made Treasurer of the "At Home" Com- 
mittee of the year '11. His Scotch ancestry 
and faithful application to his profession 
have made him friends, and few young 
men have reached the splendid position he 
now occupies. He came back home and 
settled in the village of Tiverton, where his 
practice is large and continually growing. 
Success has crowned his ambition, which 
was to be able to relieve the sufferings of 
humanity, and his splendid abilities are often 
called for in consultation with his surround- 
ing fellow practitioners, all of whom esteem 
him most highly. Determination and deci- 
sion are two faculties he possesses. Added 
to these are a bright and sunny disposition, 
with a broad and charitable outlook on life 
which make for him friends of a lasting 
character. He is a member of Tiverton 
Masonic Lodge, No. 341, A.F. & A.M., the 
I.O.O.F., and the C.O.F. In religion he is 
a Presbyterian and in politics a Liberal. 
His friends truly say of him: "You were aye 
leal and true, Jamie." 

Kastner, Gideon, of Wiarton, Ontario, 
son of John Kastner and Margaret Litt, of 
Alsace-Lorraine, was born July 8, 1865, in 
Perth County, Ont. He received his educa- 
tion in the public and high schools of that 
county. At twenty years of age he went to 
Wiarton, where he engaged in the lumbering 
business, which was a thriving industry at 
that time. He also followed contracting, 
building piers and public wharves. In 
business he has been exceptionally successful. 
He had a liking for municipal politics, and 
first served in the town council in 1895. 
He was elected Reeve of Wiarton in 1910-11, 
and again in 1915-16-17-18. At the Janu- 
ary meeting of the County Council of Bruce 
in 1918 he was elected to the honorable 
position of warden. His popularity is not 
solely due to his genial good nature, but to 
the fact that he is a keen business man and 
takes a deep interest in every enterprise he 
is connected with. He served as President 
of the Wiarton Board of Trade for many 
years. He has been Chairman of the Board 
of Managers of St. Paul's Presbyterian 
Church for a number of years. When the 



recruiting campaign for the 160th Bruce Bat- 
talion was in full swing Gideon Kastner was 
one of its whirlwind supporters. He probably 
got his enthusiastic military ardour from his 
grandfather who served with Napoleon 
through many campaigns. He is a loyal 
supporter of all patriotic movements, lending 
his energy to every cause that tends to win 
the war. His great pastime is bowling, 
In politics he is a Liberal. He married 
Annie Symon, of Wiarton. They have one 
son and four daughters, and their home in 
Wiarton is one of the most hospitable in 
the county. 

Sayles, Edwin Roy, Editor and proprie- 
tor of "The Port Elgin Times," is one of the 
leading men to-day publishing a country 
newspaper. He was born in Norfolk County 
on April 21, 1875. His education was secur- 
ed in the public and advanced schools of 
Courtland and the City of Brantford. In 
the latter place he resided for many years. 
Choosing newspaper work as his career, he 
joined the staff of the "Brantford Expositor," 
on which paper he remained for many years. 
Later he became business manager of the 
"Brantford Courier," and at the time he pur- 
chased the "Port Elgin Times" held this posi- 
tion. On taking possession of the ' 'Times" he 
at once put his splendid business ability 
into the enterprise and established it upon 
sound business principles. Under him the 
"Times" has become one of the brightest 
country weeklies in Ontario. He has ideas 
which he is not afraid to put forward, and 
his paper is ever for the uplift and moral 
reform of the community which he so ably 
serves. He is a splendid platform man, 
speaking with ease and fluency. He has given 
much of his time to the Canadian Press 
Association, and for three years, 1914-15-16, 
was chairman of the weekly section of that 
body. He has also been on the executive 
Board of that body for a number of years. 
He is Past President of the Bruce County 
Press Association, and has done much to 
improve the standing of the country pub- 
lisher and place his business upon the high 
plane it to-day occupies. He is a member 
of Port Elgin Lodge, No. 429, A.F. & A.M., 
the C.O.F., and the A.O.F. In religion he 
is a Baptist, taking a deep interest in the 
work of that body. In politics he is a Liberal, 
with a slight tendency toward radicalism. 
Though of many activities he finds time for 
public service, as has been evidenced by his 
arduous work in recruiting and patriotic 
efforts, which has claimed so much of the 



time of busy men. He takes an interest in 
the boy scout movement. His pastimes are 
bowling, shooting, and motoring. He mar- 
ried Miss M. Galbraith, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. John Galbraith, of Middlesex County. 
They have one daughter, Eleanor Jean. 

Honeywell, Major Frederick Henry, 
B.A., is a prominent Ottawa barrister and 
military man who, during the late war, 
distinguished himself by serving his country 
at the front. He was born in Carleton 
County, Ont., on Dec. 12, 1877, son of 
Elkanah and Marie (Baldwin) Honeywell, 
and received his education at the public 
schools of Westboro', Carleton County, 
at Ottawa Collegiate Institute and at Toronto 
University. He qualified for the law and 
after being called to the Bar established 
himself in practice at Ottawa, where he is 
head of the firm of Honeywell, Caldwell & 
Wilson, Barristers and Solicitors, Central 
Chambers. The firm has a large connection 
in the adjacent county, where Major Honey- 
well still maintains his residence. He has 
served as Reeve of Nepean township and as 
Warden of the County of Carleton. He has 
always taken a keen interest in military 
affairs, and at the time the war broke out 
held the commission of Major in the 5th 
Princess Louise Dragoon Guards, Ottawa. 
Offering himself for service overseas he was 
appointed Major of the 8th Canadian Mount- 
ed Rifles in the Canadian Expeditionary 
Force, in which capacity he went to the 
front. He was later attached to the 26th 
Battalion of the British Expeditionary Force 
in France, on active service, and participated 
in several noted engagements. He is essen- 
tially an outdoor man and his recreations 
include curling, skating, ski-ing, golf, motor- 
ing and motor boating. He is a Liberal in 
politics, a Protestant in religion and a 
member of the A. F. & A. M. and I.O.F. 
His residence is at Woodruff, Carleton 
County, Ont. 

Wainwright, Arnold, K.C., B.C.L., one 

of the leading barristers and publicists of 
Montreal was born in that city on June 13, 
1879, the son of William and Mary Emily 
(Arnold) Wainwright. His education was 
unusually complete. After a course at Mon- 
treal Collegiate Institute he entered McGill 
University, from which he graduated in 
1890 with the degree of B.A. and honors and 
medal in mental and moral philosophy. 
This was supplemented by a course in law and 
in 1902 he obtained the degree of B.C.L. 



164 




D. M. FINNIE 






with a medal. Subsequently he took a post- 
graduate course at the University of Mont- 
pelier, France. He was called to the bar in 
1902 and is now a member of the firm of 
Davidson, Wainwright, Alexander & Elder, 
Advocates, Transportation Building, Mon- 
treal. In 1912 he was created King's 
Counsel on attaining the requisite ten years' 
service at the bar. He was elected President 
of the Junior Bar Association of Montreal 
in 1910 and a member of the Council of the 
Montreal Bar for 1911-12. In addition to 
being recognized as a brilliant speaker both 
in the forensic and political arenas, Mr. 
Wainwright is a recognized authority on the 
academic side of his profession and is Lec- 
turer on the Laws of Evidence and the Laws 
of Persons in the legal faculty of McGill 
University. In politics he is a Liberal and 
was a member of the Council of the Montreal 
Reform Club, 1910-11. He is an Anglican 
in religion and a member of the following 
clubs: St. James', University, Beaconsfield 
Golf, Country, Canada, and Reform. In 
1913 he married Norah, daughter of William 
Prentice, Montreal, and resides at 4 Seaforth 
Ave. in that city. 

Bates, Joseph Lever, an Ottawa business 
man of widely extended interests, was born 
at Easton's Corners, Ont., in 1850, the son 
of Nathaniel Bates. He was educated in 
the public schools of his district and after- 
ward engaged in the granite business. In 
1907 he founded the International Land and 
Lumber Company, 283-285 Bank Street, 
Ottawa, of which he is President. His other 
interests include the Presidency of the 
British Canadian Industrial Co., Ltd., which 
maintains offices in London, England, as well 
as in this country. He is a member of the 
Canadian Club, Ottawa, and of the Masonic 
Order. In politics he is a Liberal and in 
religion a Methodist. On December 21, 
1875, he married Juliet, daughter of Mr. C. J. 
Lighthall of Montana, and has three sons. 
His residence is at 50 McLaren Street, Ottawa. 

McConnell, Richard George, Deputy 
Minister of Mines, and Director of the 
Geographical Survey for Canada, was born 
at Chatham, Quebec, March 26, 1857, the 
son of Andrew and Martha (Bradford) 
McConnell . He was educated at the Caribou 
Academy and at McGill University, from 
which he graduated with the degree of B.A. 
in 1879, taking first class honors in Natural 
Science. On graduation he immediately 
went to the Canadian West as assistant to 



the famous Canadian geologist, Dr. G. N. 
Dawson, whose name is immortalized in 
Dawson City, the capital of the Yukon 
Territory. Upon his return to the East 
in 1881 Mr. McConnell entered the service 
of the Canadian Geological Survey and made 
many explorations in behalf of the govern- 
ment which resulted in valuable discoveries 
in Western Canada, British Columbia and 
the Yukon. In 1887 and 1888 he headed one 
of the most extensive exploratory expedi- 
tions on record, traversing almost the whole 
country drained by the Stikine, Liard, 
Mackenzie, Porcupine, Yukon and Lewis 
Rivers. The results of his investigations 
are to be found in many reports and articles 
on the Geological and Mineral Resources of 
Western Canada. On this subject he is 
recognized in professional circles throughout 
the world as the chief living authority. In 
fact it is doubtful whether any man, past or 
present has acquired such an intimate first- 
hand knowledge of the great Sub-Arctic 
areas of Western Canada. As a geologist 
his fame is international, and he is a prom- 
inent member of the Geological Society of 
America as well as of the Royal Society of 
Canada. His recreations are curling and 
golf and he is a member of the Ottawa Golf 
Club. In religion he is a Presbyterian, and 
was married in November, 1898, to Jeannie, 
daughter of E. H. Botterell, Montreal. His 
family consists of one son and one daughter, 
and his home is at "Edgehill," Rockliffe, 
Ottawa, 

Currie, General Sir Arthur William, 
C.B., G.C.M.G., Commander-in-chief of 
the Canadian Army on the Western front 
during the latter stages of the great war, was 
born at the village of Napperton, Middlesex 
County, Ontario, December 5, 1875, the son 
of William Garner and Jane Currie. He was 
educated at the public school of his district 
and later at Strathroy Collegiate Institute. 
Going to British Columbia in 1893 when 
but eighteen years of age he first engaged 
in school teaching at Sidney, B.C. Later he 
located in Victoria, B.C., and entered on a 
business career. At the time the war broke 
out he was the head of the firm of Currie & 
Power, one of the leading real estate con- 
cerns of Vancouver Island. Nearest to his 
heart, however, were military pursuits, and 
he early identified himself with the 5th 
Canadian Garrison Artillery, in which he 
served fourteen years, rising ultimately to 
the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. With him, 
however, military activity was not merely a 



165 



case of dress parades, but a real pursuit. 
He devoted himself seriously to the study of 
modem tactics, not only in connection with 
his own arm of the service but infantry as 
well. He used his influence to encourage 
rifle shooting, and from 1907 onward was 
President of the British Columbia Rifle 
Association. On the outbreak of the war 
followed by the decision of the Canadian 
Government to send an Expeditionary Force 
to the front, Col. Currie was recognized as 
one of the most efficient volunteer officers in 
this country, and when Sir Sam Hughes 
telegraphed him asking him to accept a 
command he did not hesitate to offer his 
services. He was assigned to the command 
of the Vancouver Highland Battalion, which 
trained at Valcartier Camp, and went 
overseas in the late autumn of 1914 to com- 
plete its training on Salisbury Plain. The 
regiment was one of the first Canadian units 
sent to France, and in the terrible fighting 
at St. Julien and Langemarck in connection 
with the second battle of Ypres, April, 1915, 
had its baptism of blood. This was the 
engagement of which Viscount French 
reported to the War Office "The Canadians 
saved the day." In this severe test Colonel 
Currie won a reputation for leadership and 
courage of the highest order which has dis- 
tinguished him ever since. He received 
enthusiastic praise from General Alderson, 
the Imperial officer then in command of the 
Canadian division, and on the latter's 
recommendation was accorded the coveted 
D.S.O. and given command of a brigade. 
His service as brigade commander proved so 
completely successful that his work won the 
attention of the British Headquarters Staff, 
and when a reorganization of commands 
ensued as a result of the arrival of two new 
Canadian divisions in the field, he was 
elevated to the rank of Major-General and 
placed in charge of the First Division of the 
Canadian Army. In this post he commanded 
his division at the Battle of Hooge, when it 
resisted the full force of the German assault 
in what was described as "this particular 
hell of Hooge." His cool and brilliant 
handling of what was admittedly a critical 
situation for all forces on the bloody Ypres 
salient won him the unstinted praise of his 
immediate chief -in-command, General Sir 
Julian Byng, and all the other British 
military experts. The correspondent of the 
London "Times" reported that nothing finer 
was ever seen in warfare than the manner in 
which the lines over Maple Cape, Observa- 
tory Ridge and Armagh Wood were held by 



the troops under General Currie's command. 
Sir Julian Byng in his report said "I am proud 
of the Canadian troops under my command. 
Their behaviour has been magnificent. I 
have never known fiercer or more deadly 
barrage, nor have I seen any troops fight 
with more earnestness, courage and cheerful- 
ness." He especially praised General Cur- 
rie's counter attack with the Canadian 
division at 1.30 on the morning of June 13, 
1916, on a front of 500 yards extending from 
Sanctuary Wood to Hill 60, when heavy 
losses were inflicted on the Germans and 
prisoners taken. The spring of 1917 was 
marked by glorious achievement on the part 
of the Canadian troops, including the cap- 
tures of Messines Ridge and Vimy Ridge, and 
finally attaining the investment of Lens. In 
the midst of the spring campaign Sir Julian 
Byng was shifted to the command of a 
British Army. General Currie was at once 
recognized as his logical successor and 
became the Chief-in-Command of the Can- 
adian Army in the field with four divisions 
under him. The victory of Vimy which was 
heralded throughout the world as a great 
military achievement, was generally credited 
to General Currie's masterly powers of 
preparation and organization. It was in 
recognition of these services that His Majesty 
King George knighted him on the field of 
Vimy as a member of the Order of St. Michael 
and St. George. Earlier still he had been 
made a Companion of the Bath. It was on 
June 19, 1917, that he assumed the chief 
command, and one of his first achievements 
was the capture of Hill 70 on his own initia- 
tive, rendering the important mining city 
of Lens, which had been in German occupa- 
tion for nearly three years, untenable for 
military uses by the enemy. General Currie 
could have occupied Lens any time during 
the summer of 1917 that it was deemed 
desirable, but owing to the belief of the 
French Government that its capture would 
only result in further destruction, without 
military advantage, the word to advance was 
withheld. Instead, during the autumn of 
1917 General Currie and his army were 
assigned by Sir Douglas Haig to one of the 
most terrible tasks that was ever allotted to 
a military force. It was that of taking 
Passchendaele Ridge in Flanders with a view 
to getting to Roulers and cutting off the 
U-Boat bases of Zeebrugge and Ostend. Sir 
Douglas Haig assigned the task to the 
Canadians because he believed that under 
the command of General Currie they had 
developed into the best "shock" troops in 



166 



i 



the world. The Germans on the other hand 
believed that Passchendaele Ridge was 
impregnable, and many military experts 
agreed with them; but the U-Boat menace 
was such that the attempt was deemed to be 
justified by necessity. Before the attack 
General Currie personally addressed his men, 
and did not disguise what they had to face, 
but so fired them with the spirit of victory 
that despite terrible losses they carried the 
Ridge. It was one of the tragedies of the 
war that the Flanders winter closed down so 
suddenly that it was impossible to reap the 
full fruits of victory by advancing to Roulers. 
By spring the situation had been absolutely 
changed by the great German offensive of 
March, 1918, and Passchendaele was tem- 
porarily abandoned. This circumstance did 
not alter the greatness of the original achieve- 
ment, attained in obedience to the orders of 
the Headquarters command. In the final 
stages of the war which gave the Allies 
victory the Canadian army under General 
Currie played a rote of immortal lustre. 
They entered in the fighting in full force on 
August 8, 1918, and from thence onward 
until the signing of the armistice on Nov- 
ember 11 victory after victory crowned their 
banners. The greatest of their achievements 
was perhaps the breaking of the Drocourt- 
Qneant Switch Line, a part of the great 
"Hindenburg" defence system, which the 
Germans had also boasted was impregnable. 
When General Currie achieved this victory 
and opened the road to Cambrai it was at 
once recognized by war experts, and even by 
German critics, that Marshal Foch's strategy 
could succeed in a much shorter period than 
had been anticipated if such efforts could be 
repeated on other parts of the Allied front. 
As everyone knows this prognostication waft 
not falsified. Before the war was over 
General Currie and his army had to their 
credit the capture of Cambrai and of Val- 
enciennes, two of the most vital points in the 
German resistance. Two hours before the 
armistice was signed General Currie rode as 
a conqueror into Mons, the point where the 
old "contemptibles" of the original British 
Army had first shown their prowess against 
the Germans in 1914. During the cleaning- 
up operations following the war, his admin- 
istrative abilities have proven most valuable. 
On New Year's Day, 1919, his services were 
further recognized by bestowing on him the 
honor of Grand Cross of St. Michael and 
St. George, an order in which he was already 
a Knight. It must not be forgotten also 
that in the critical period when Canada's 



maintenance of her forces ia France was in 
doubt, General Currie's voice had great 
weight in determining the action of the 
people of this country. He strongly urged 
on Sir Robert Borden and other ministers 
that this country should do everything in 
its power to help win the war and meet the 
condition caused by the falling off of enlist- 
ments, a condition which was threatening 
the dissolution of his ever-victorious army. 
The result was the decision of the Canadian 
Government to adopt the policy of conscrip- 
tion. During the election campaign that 
ensued he sent the. following message to the 
Canadian people on behalf of himself and 
his staff: "We sincerely sympathize with 
endeavors to arouse our countrymen to the 
urctMJty of remaining united and firm in 
their determination to furnish troops in the 
field all necessary support. We deeply de- 
plore the fact that the wisdom of doing so 
has become a subject for debate and con- 
troversy by those at home. If support is 
now withheld or even delayed it means that 
additional burdens will have to be borne by 
men already doing the seemingly impossible." 
This message coming from the most eminent 
of Canadian soldiers and one who in private 
life had been a political opponent of the 
Borden administration, could not fail to 
bring thousands of electors to a sense of 
their duty to the soldier in the field. There 
have been rumors that an effort would be 
made to induce General Currie to enter 
Canadian politics as a Liberal leader on his 
return from the front, but so far be has 
refused to assent to any such proposals. 
He is an Anglican in religion and was married 
in 1901 to Miss L. S. Chaworth-Masters of 
Victoria, B.C., by whom he has one daughter. 
A quiet man of iron determination and 
marvellous powers of organization, he is, 
however, certain to play a prominent role in 
the life of Canada in future, whatever path 
he may elect to follow. 

Girard, A. D., one of the leading advocates 
of St. John's, Quebec, was born at Ste. 
Hyacinthe in that province on May 10, 1841, 
the son of Michel and Sophie (Chcicoine) 
Girard. He was educated at Ste. Hyacinthe 
College and at St. Mary's College, Montreal. 
He qualified for the law and was called to the 
Quebec bar (of which be is now one of the 
honored internal) on April 4, 1864. From 
that year until 1879 he practised alone at 
Waterloo, Quebec, and in the latter year 
removed to St. John's where he has ever 
resided. Until 1911 be practised by 



himself but then took a partner, and the 
firm of Girard & Demers, which has offices 
on St. John's Street in above named city, is 
well known throughout the district. Until 
his retirement from public life a few years 
ago Mr. Girard was a prominent figure in 
Quebec politics and a supporter of the Con- 
servative party. He was the candidate of 
that party for the Legislature as early as 
1875, in the riding of Sheppard. In the 
elections of both 1900 and 1904 he contested 
St. John's in the same interest. His counsel 
has been much sought by the younger 
politicians of the day. In religion he is a 
Roman Catholic and was married on Feb- 
ruary 13, 1877, to Cordelli, daughter of 
F. X. Bousquet of Montreal. 

Wilson, Peter Edward, B.A., LL.B., 

Barrister-at-law, Prince George, B.C., was 
born at Bond Head, Ont., August 28, 1871, 
the son of Charles Wilson, farmer, and 
Rachel, his wife. He was educated at 
Brampton High School, Toronto University 
and Osgoode Hall, Toronto, and after being 
called to the bar, went to British Columbia 
in 1896, first practising at Nelson. In 
1905 he was appointed judge of the County 
Court of East Kootenay, a post which he 
held with honor to himself and to his office 
until 1912, when he resigned to resume prac- 
tice at Fort George, B.C., where he has ever 
since resided. He is City Solicitor of that 
place and has also filled the offices of Presi- 
dent of the Board of Trade and Chairman of 
the School Board. During 1917-8 he was a 
member of the Exemption Tribunal under the 
Military Service Act, for the district of Fort 
George. He is an Anglican in religion and 
Independent in politics. His recreations are 
gardening and curling. On Dec. 10, 1896, 
he married Christine, daughter of George 
Brown, a gentleman of Maidenhead, Eng., 
by whom he has seven children. 

Mann, Alexander Robert, 3690 Selkirk 
Ave., Shaughnessy Heights, Vancouver, B.C., 
one of the most prominent business men of 
the Pacific Coast and a brother of the famous 
Canadian railroad magnate, Sir Donald 
Mann, is a native of Halton County, Ontario. 
He was born in the Village of Acton on July 
29, 1861, the son of Hugh and Helen (Mac- 
donell) Mann, his father being a farmer. He 
was educated in the public and high schools 
of his native place, and had practical experi- 
ence on the farm before going to Winnipeg 
in 1879, where-he took up railroading. Sub- 
sequently he engaged in the lumber business 



at Fort Frances, Ont., and in 1890 graduated 
into railroad construction. Among the vari- 
ous western lines which he took part in 
building were the Long Lake branch, C.P.R. 
(1890); Calgary and Edmonton Railway 
(1892-3); Soo Line, Saskatchewan (1892-3); 
Cusp and Slocan Railway, B.C. (1893-4); 
Columbia & Western Railway (1898) ; Rainy 
River Branch, C.N.R. (1899-1901); Neepawa 
to McCreary section, C.N.R. (1903-4); 
Greenway Branch, C.N.R. (1903-4); James 
Bay road, Toronto to Sudbury (1904-6); 
Goose Lake line C.N.R. (1906-7). From 
1895 to 1897 he also handled ore in the Slocan 
silver region. From 1898 to 1904 he operated 
under his own name as a railway contractor 
and in the latter year formed the Northern 
Construction Company of Vancouver, of 
which he is still President. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Dominion Products, Ltd., and 
the Canadian Kelp Company, Ltd., of Van- 
couver and a Director of the Winnipeg Aque- 
duct Co. He is recognized throughout Can- 
ada as a type of the sound, constructive busi- 
ness man, to which this country owes its 
rapid development during the past quarter 
of a century. He is a member of the Van- 
couver Club, the Albany Club (Toronto), 
and the Carleton Club (Winnipeg), and his 
chief recreation is golf. He is a Presbyterian 
in religion and on June 19, 1908, married 
Jennie, the daughter of Robert Malton, Owen 
Sound, Ont., by whom he has two daughters. 

Cartwright, Lt.-Col. Robert, C.M.G., 

one of the most prominent officers in the 
Canadian permanent forces, and who, at the 
time of writing, is stationed at Military Head- 
quarters, Belmont House, Victoria, B.C., is 
a son of the eminent Canadian statesman, 
the late Sir Richard Cartwright, K.C.M.G., 
and was born at Kingston, Ont., Nov. 4, 
1860. He was educated at the Royal Mili- 
tary College, Kingston, in 1881, entered the 
service of the Canadian Militia, has been 
stationed at many of the military districts 
throughout Canada, and has steadily risen in 
rank. Col Cartwright is widely known as 
an efficient, painstaking and resourceful 
officer and has seen considerable service. He 
holds the North-West Medal, earned in the 
rising of 1885, and the South African Medal 
with four clasps. When the South African 
war broke out in 1899, he was Assistant Ad- 
jutant-General at Headquarters, Ottawa, and 
relinquished his appointment to go as a mem- 
ber of the Canadian contingent. Later he 
was given the honor of Companion of St. 
Michael and St. George. He established and 




W. J. BASKERVILLE 
Ottawa 



was commandant of the Canadian School of 
Musketry, at Rockliffe, near Ottawa, the 
value of which has been proven as a training 
school for Canadian officers in the present 
war. Col. Cartwright's own duties during 
the latter years of the war have been those 
of Musketry Officer of M.D. No. 11, Victoria, 
B.C. In addition to his military activities, 
he is a successful fruit farmer, and his recrea- 
tions are skating, riding, motoring and sail- 
ing. He is a Liberal in politics and a man of 
advanced opinions, being a member of the 
Single Tax Association, the Anti-Poverty 
League, as well as of the Army and Navy 
Veterans, and the Rideau Club, Ottawa. 
He is an Anglican in religion and was mar- 
ried on Sept. 20, 1885, to Ivy Marion, 
daughter of Benjamin Canning Davy, King- 
ston, Ont., by whom he has had three chil- 
dren, Marion, Vida Lois and Francis (de- 
ceased in early childhood). 

Marshall, Lieut.-Golonel Noel G. L. 

(Toronto, Ont.), Merchant, is one of those 
"British Born" who have carved out for 
themselves successful careers in Canada, 
although, since he was but four years old at 
the time of his parents' removal to this coun- 
try, his view-point is essentially Canadian. 
Born in London, December 30, 1852, the son 
of Kenric R. and Charlotte A. Marshall, he 
was educated in the Public Schools of To- 
ronto and entered the service of L. Coffee & 
Company at the age of fifteen . Subsequently 
he was employed by George Chaff ey Bros., 
Coal Merchants, and in 1879 purchased an 
interest in the C. J. Smith Coal Company. 
In 1888, Noel Marshall, in company with Sir 
William Mackenzie, bought out the entire 
business and three years later changed the 
corporate name to that of The Standard Fuel 
Company. For the past sixteen years he 
has represented the Toronto Board of Trade 
at the Canadian National Exhibition, of which 
he is now Honorary President. Among other 
business connections, Mr. Marshall is Presi- 
dent of the Faramel Company, Ltd., of To- 
ronto; and the Dominion Automobile Com- 
pany, Ltd.; Vice-President of the Imperial 
Guarantee and Accident Company; of the 
Chartered Trust & Executor Company; 
Director of the Sterling Bank, Western Can- 
ada Flour Mills Company, Ltd.; Canada 
Northern Prairie Lands Company, Ltd. 
Noel Marshall was a member of the Toronto 
Board of Education, 1890-91; member of the 
Toronto Board of Trade since 1899, and a 
member of the Council of that organization 
for several terms. He was created Knight 



of Grace of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem 
in 1915, and was gazetted Honorary Lieut.- 
Colonel in the same year. He is at 
present Chairman of the Central Coun- 
cil and Executive Committee, Cana- 
dian Red Cross Society; President of the 
Open- Air Horse Parade Association; Vice- 
President of the National Chorus and Pro- 
vincial Council, Canadian Boy Scouts; mem- 
ber of the Ontario Parole Commission; 
Treasurer, Laymen's Missionary Movement 
of the Church of England; Governor of the 
Western Hospital, Toronto; Vice-President 
of the Hospital for Incurables; member of 
the Board, Children's Aid Society, Orphan 
Boys' Home, Working Boys' Home, British 
Welcome League, Imperial Home Re-union, 
Imperial Daughters of the Empire, Women's 
Welcome Hostel, Georgina Houses, and 
Bishop Strachan School. Colonel Marshall 
married Harriette Isabel, daughter of John 
Hogg, M.P., York Mills, Ont., in 1879, who 
died on December 4, 1904. He has two 
sons, Col. Kenric R., D.S.O., and Noel 
Clifford. He is a member of the York, 
National, Albany, Granite and Royal Cana- 
dian Yacht Clubs, all of Toronto. He is 
a Conservative in politics and an Anglican 
in religion. 

Turnbull, Walter Renwick (Brantford, 
Ont.), President of the Turnbull Cutcliffe 
Hardware Company, Ltd , was born in Brant- 
ford Township, the son of William Turn- 
bull, his father being a farmer and for many 
years the Secretary-Treasurer of the Brant 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company. He has 
served six years as Alderman of the City of 
Brantford and is Chairman of the Brantford 
Municipal Railway Commission. Mr. Turn- 
bull married Alice Ada, daughter of Wm. 
Buck, Stove Manufacturer, Brantford, on 
December 3, 1890; he has one son William 
Archibald. His recreations are bowling and 
motoring, being a member of the Brantford 
Social and Bowling Club. He is a member of 
the A.F. & A.M. and a life member of Doric 
and Ozias Masonic Lodges. Mr. Turnbull is 
a Liberal and a Presbyterian. 

McClennaghan, Stewart. Who is there 
in Ottawa that has not heard of, or does 
not know, Stewart McClennaghan? Yes! 
who does not know him? No one in the 
city, or for that matter for many miles of 
country surrounding the Capital of the 
Dominion, can be found that does not know 
the President and General-Manager of the 
famous 2 Macs, Limited, dealers in fine 



tailoring, hats, furnishings, clothing and 
boots and shoes, for men and boys, with 
entrances on Sparks, Bank and Queen Streets, 
at the busy Corner corner of Sparks and 
Bank Streets, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 
Not only is he well known: he is also one of 
the most popular business men, social com- 
panion, lover of sports, and general good 
fellow with all his friends, acquaintances 
and customers to be found in any community, 
and his success in life, and his popularity, 
are what have sprung from his open, genial 
and straightforward conduct towards and 
with all who have had the good fortune to 
come in contact with him ever since he 
arrived in Ottawa in 1879 when he became 
an apprentice in the dry goods business 
in which line he served for ten years. 
Mr. McClennaghan has held almost every 
public office in the gift of the citizens of 
Ottawa Public School Trustee, member 
of the Collegiate Institute Board, Con- 
troller of the City of Ottawa, Chairman of 
the Carnegie Library Board, President of 
the Central Canada Exhibition Association, 
Justice of the Peace, Member of the Board 
of Trade, Chairman of the Boxing Committee 
of the Ottawa Amateur Athletic Club, 
Vice- President of the Sportsmen's Patriotic 
Association, President of the Liberal Con- 
servative Association, Promoter of the 
Connaught Park Jockey Club and a member 
of the Original Committee who started 
the Prescott and Ottawa Highway Scheme 
which to-day is receiving such prominent 
attention from all lovers of good roads and 
from the Ontario Government and could 
have held them all and been elected to 
others of equal or even more importance 
had he so desired. Whenever he was put 
forward as a candidate for any office public, 
political, educational, sporting or social, his 
election was assured, and when he consented 
at a most critical time in the history of 
Ottawa's Municipal Administration, to be 
a candidate for Controller he polled the 
largest majority ever secured by any man 
running for public office in the city. 
In addition Mr. McClennaghan is pro- 
foundly patriotic and public spirited and 
ever since the war started has been active, 
energetic and generous in helping forward 
Canada's effort. His son, Lieut. Stewart 
Lyon McClennaghan served in France 
with distinction in the Royal Flying Corps, 
and his nephew, Lieut. Vivian S. C. Mc- 
Clennaghan of the Canadian Engineers, son 
of Mr. James McClennaghan of the Marine 
Dept., has been awarded the Military Cross 



for bravery while in charge of an important 
tract which was being heavily shelled and 
bombed and completed his task though 
twice buried by shell fire. In 1889 
Mr. Stewart McClennaghan formed a 
partnership with the late Mr. M. D. 
MacKay as merchant tailors under the 
name of the 2 Macs McClennaghan & 
MacKay. Three years later, in 1892, Mr. 
McClennaghan bought out Mr. MacKay 
and continued in the business until 1904 
when he organized a joint stock company 
under the name of the 2 Macs, Limited, he 
becoming President and Managing-Director. 
To-day the business is recognized as one of 
the largest outfitting estabh'shments in 
Canada, handling everything in boys' and 
men's wear, and occupying some 5,000 
square feet of floor space, with a frontage of 
100 feet on Bank Street, 66 feet on Sparks 
Street, and 33 feet on Queen Street, with the 
prospects in evidence that considerably 
more space will shortly be necessary if 
the business continues to expand as 
it has during the past decade. From 
1900 to 1908 Mr. McClennaghan was 
a member of the Public School Board 
and was chairman for two years, and from 
1908 to 1911 he was a member of the Ottawa 
Collegiate Institute Board from which he 
resigned to run for Controller of the City 
of Ottawa, as above stated. During the ex- 
istence of the City's Publicity Board 
Mr. McClennaghan was Chairman. Mr. 
McClennaghan is Chairman of the Car- 
negie Library Board and has been a 
member of the Board for many years. He 
is President of the Central Canada Exhibi- 
tion Association. .His first year of office, 
1917, terminated with the Exhibition show- 
ing the largest receipts ever obtained in 
the history of the Association. He is a 
Justice of the Peace for the City of Ottawa 
and for the County of Carleton. He is 
a member of the Council of the Board of 
Trade, and has been a member of the Board 
for years. In amateur sports Mr. McClenna- 
ghan has been prominently identified for many 
years. In 1890 he won the gold medal 
presented by the Ottawa Amateur Associa- 
tion for the one mile snow shoe championship 
of the city. He was President of the Ottawa 
Bicycle Club and a member of their racing 
team. He was Chairman of the Board 
Committee of the Ottawa Athletic Club 
for several years. He is one of the pro- 
moters of the Connaught Park Jockey Club, 
became Vice-President, and is now Chairman 
of the Management Committee. He is Vice- 



170 



President of the Sportsmen's Patriotic Associ- 
ation, and it is he who is responsible for and 
was one of the original Committee who started 
the Prescott and Ottawa Highway Scheme. 
From 1916 to 1918 Mr. McClennaghan 
was President of the Ottawa Liberal Con- 
servative (now Unionist) Association. Mr. 
Stewart McClennaghan is the son of 
William John (Contractor) and Sarah (Boyd) 
McClennaghan and a nephew of Mr. N. K. 
Boyd, ex.-M.P. for MacDonald, Manitoba. 
He was born at Oxford Mills, Ontario, 
July 14, 1866, and he was educated at the 
Ottawa Public Schools. August 19, 1895, 
he married Matilda A. Lyon, daughter of 
the late John G. and Victoria Lyon, of 
Ottawa. The union has been blessed with 
two sons and five daughters Lieut. Stewart 
Lyon, Nora Boyd, Hilda Brook, Ruth 
Hasley, Helen Read, Hugh John, Doris 
Victoria. He is a member of the following 
Clubs: Laurentian, Rivermead Golf, Victoria 
Yacht, Abitibi Fish and Game, and of the 
following Societies: Masonic, Oddfellows, 
Foresters and Workmen. In religion he is- 
Anglican and in politics Conservative. 
For recreation he indulges in golf, hunting 
and yachting. His military career was 
spent in the ranks of the Princess Louise 
Dragoon Guards. His place of residence 
is 330 Cooper Street, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Buchanan, William A., M.P. (Leth- 
bridge, Alta.), Publisher, was born in Fraser- 
ville, Peterboro County, Ont., July 2, 1876; 
the son of Rev. Wm. Buchanan. His earlier 
education took place in the Public and High 
Schools of Trenton, Brighton and Norwood, 
Ont. He first became interested in news- 
paper work in Peterboro, Ont., and later was 
News Editor of the "Evening Telegram," 
Toronto, removing from there to accept the 
position of managing director of the St. 
Thomas Journal; remaining in that position 
until 1905, when he decided to try his fortune 
in the West, locating at Lethbridge, Alberta, 
where he established and became publisher 
of the "Lethbridge Herald," first as a weekly 
and, in 1907, changed it to a daily. For two 
years he was President of the Alberta and 
Eastern British Columbia Press Association, 
and Director of the Western Associated Press. 
He entered politics in 1909, in the Liberal 
interests, and was elected as the first member 
to represent Lethbridge City in the Alberta 
Legislature, and became a member of the 
Rutherford Government in the fall of the 
same year. In 1911 he resigned, over a dif- 
ference of opinion on a railway bargain, and 



then contested the Constituency of Medicine 
Hat for the House of Commons, defeating the 
late member, C. A. McGrath (Conservative) 
by a majority of 1,500. Mr. Buchanan was 
a member of the Special House of Commons 
Committee on old age pensions and on re- 
distribution. In the general elections of 
1917 he was a candidate as a Unionist Lib- 
eral, and was elected by a majority of sev- 
eral thousand. He is now Unionist Whip 
for Alberta. In 1918 he was a member of 
the party of Canadian Journalists invited 
to visit the Western front and Great Britain. 
During the war he was actively engaged in 
patriotic movements, more especially the 
Patriotic Fund and Belgian Relief Fund. 
While living in Ontario, Mr. Buchanan 
took a great interest in military affairs 
and became Quartermaster of the 25th 
Regiment, at St. Thomas. He is inter- 
ested in all kinds of sports and takes a 
keen pleasure in golf; was Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Ontario Hockey Association 
during John Ross Robertson's Presidency, 
and was the first Chairman of the Board of 
Governors of the Alberta Amateur Athletic 
Association; is a member of the Chinook 
and the Country Clubs of Lethbridge; On- 
tario Club, Toronto, and the Laurentian Club, 
Ottawa . For two years he was President of the 
Canadian Club.of Lethbridge. Mr. Buchanan 
married Alma Maude Freeman, daughter of 
Edwin B. Freeman, of Burlington, Ont., and 
has one son, Donald W., born April 9, 1908. 
He is a member of the Methodist Church. 

Williams, Herbert Hale, head of the firm 
of H. H. Williams & Co., Toronto, Ont. 
The name of H. H. Williams is a familiar one 
in the Canadian real estate field. For many 
years now his firm, that of H. H. Williams & 
Co., with headquarters in Toronto, Canada, 
has occupied a prominent place among the 
old-established and conservative real estate 
businesses of the Dominion. Mr. Williams 
himself, who is the active head of the firm, 
is a native of Toronto. Born on September 
21, 1862, he received his education in the 
local public schools and the Toronto Gram- 
mar School. For a short time after matricu- 
lating from the latter institution, he studied 
law in the office of George Morphy, but 
presently relinquished the idea of becoming 
a lawyer in favor of following a mercantile 
career. His first employment was obtained 
in the office of Taylor Bros., paper manufac- 
turers, Toronto, where for two years he filled 
the position of book-keeper. Then he turned 
his attention to the lumber business, in the 



171 



prosecution of which he met with much suc- 
cess. He succeeded in developing an ex- 
tensive connection with the railroads of the 
country, furnishing them with the timber 
and manufactured lumber needed in con- 
struction and also built up a considerable ex- 
port trade to the United States in clear lum- 
ber. In 1886 Mr. Williams withdrew from 
the lumber business and entered the real 
estate field. He founded the firm of H. H. 
Williams & Co. and began those operations 
which have subsequently established his 
reputation as a sane, far-sighted and reliable 
dealer. To give some idea of the extent and 
importance of the undertakings which Mr. 
Williams has handled during the past few 
years in Toronto, mention might be made of 
the following large transactions, all of which 
were carried through in their entirety by the 
firm of H. H. Williams & Co. : The purchase 
for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company 
of the right-of-way along the Esplanade ; the 
purchase, also for the C.P.R., of the old 
Government House property on King Street, 
together with three blocks of land extending 
from Simcoe Street to Spadina Avenue, south 
of King Street, in connection with the estab- 
lishment of freight terminals; the purchase of 
the two blocks bounded by Yonge, Carlton, 
Church and Alexander Streets, which with 
subsidiary properties involved an investment 
of over five million dollars; the purchase, on 
behalf of the Dominion Government, of prop- 
erties required for a new general post office, 
a new railway postal station and an enlarged 
customs house; and the purchase of the two 
blocks bounded by Yonge, College, Teraulay 
and Hayter Streets, comprising nine acres of 
land in the very heart of Toronto and form- 
ing one of the most important retail loca- 
tions in the city. 

Deroche, William Paschal (Napanee, 
Ont.), Local Registrar of the Supreme Court 
of Ontario, is the son of Paschal and Elizabeth 
Jane Deroche, and married on January 1, 1919, 
Helen Aylesworth Asselstine, daughter of the 
late Benjamin Asselstine, of Kingston.Ont. He 
was born at Newburgh, Ont., on August 27, 
1854, and educated at Newburgh Academy. 
After graduation, Mr. Deroche taught school 
at Deseronto (then Mill Point) and other 
places for five years successfully, and began 
the study of law in 1878 with his brother, the 
late H. M. Deroche, K.C., and Judge Mad- 
den, at Napanee, and also with the well- 
known firm of Beatty, Blackstock & Co., at 
Toronto. He was appointed local Registrar 
of the Supreme Court of Ontario, Clerk of the 



County Court and Registrar of the Surro- 
gate Court in June, 1887, and has been a 
member of the Public Library Board in 
Napanee for several years. Outside of these 
offices, however, Mr. Deroche has sought no 
public honors, devoting his entire energies 
and finding his best reward in discharging 
them to the satisfaction of the public and the 
members of his chosen profession. He is a 
member of the Anglican Church and a Liberal 
in politics. Judge Deroche, W. D. M. Shorey, 
Barrister, both of Belleville, Ont.; Col. 
Alex. P. Deroche, Director of Works and 
Buildings at Ottawa; and H. M. P. Deroche, 
Barrister, of Melville, Sask., are all nephews 
of Mr. Deroche. With the possible excep- 
tion of Chief Justice Sir Glenholme Falcon- 
bridge, of Toronto, all the Judges of the High 
Court who were on the Bench when Mr. 
Deroche was appointed to his present posi- 
tion, are dead. His brother, H. M. Deroche, 
K.C., died March 10, 1916. 

Forster, J. W. L., Artist (Toronto, Ont.), 
was born at Norval, Ont., and was educated 
at the Brampton Grammar School. Of him, 
an eminent public man gives us the following: 
"Canada, though in some senses a young 
country, has already produced a group of 
noted artists, whose depiction of her land- 
scape and life is helping to make the Domin- 
ion known throughout the world. Among 
the leaders in this group is John Wycliffe 
Lowes Forster, than whom none of our artists 
has done so much for our national portraiture. 
Not only has he painted more of our public 
men than any of his contemporaries, but he 
is the only Canadian artist who has devoted 
his whole genius to the painting of portraits. 
If all Mr. Forster's portraits of famous Can- 
adians, which hang in public buildings and 
noted homes, were gathered together, they 
would in themselves constitute a large na- 
tional portrait gallery, and this gallery would 
be quite representative of the great leaders 
in all walks of life. Among our statesmen 
Sir John A. Macdonald, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, 
Alexander Mackenzie, John Sandfield Mac- 
donald, Sir John Thompson, Robert Baldwin, 
Wm. Lyon Mackenzie, William S. Fielding, 
Sir George Ross and Sir James P. Whitney, 
constitute a comprehensive group. In divin- 
ity, such noted personalities as Punshon, 
Cavan, Carman, Primate Archbishop Mach- 
ray, Primate Archbishop Sweatman, Bishop 
O'Connor, Milligan, Kellog, Maclaren; in 
the Judiciary Chancellors Moss, Boyd, 
Meredith and Mulock; in University life 
Paxton Young, Geikie, Nelles, Burwash, 



Rand, Wallace, Loudon and Galbraith; 
among noted military men Wolfe, Brock, 
Roberts, Denison, Merritt and Otter; in 
other walks Strathcona, Goldwin Smith, 
General Booth, Egerton Ryerson, Sir Sand- 
ford Fleming, Senator Cox, Senator Jaffray, 
MacKenzie King, Sir Gilbert Parker and 
George Brown are representative of a bril- 
liant galaxy preserved to posterity by Fors- 
ter's indefatigable genius. Added to his 
Canadian clientele, Mr. Forster has in recent 
years painted many distinguished portrait 
subjects in the United States. Born in Halton 
County in the middle of the Nineteenth cen- 
tury, of cultivated English stock, he was 
reared, like other men of genius, amid the 
simpler pursuits of country life, and his pic- 
tures are therefore remarkable for subtle 
insight into character, and have at the same 
time the refined atmosphere of old world 
culture." 

Englehart, Joel Lewis (Toronto, Ont.), 
Chairman of the Temiskaming and Northern 
Ontario Railway (owned by the Province of 
Ontario), is the son of Joel and Hannah 
Englehart, and was born on November 2, 
1847, in Cleveland, Ohio, and received his 
education there. He arrived in Canada in 
January, 1869, and soon afterward engaged 
in the oil business in London, Ont., becoming 
a producer, then a refiner and exporter, with 
offices in New York, and in 1881, when only 
thirty-four years of age, became Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Imperial Oil Co., which position 
he still holds. In 1882 he removed to Pe- 
trolea, where he became, and still is, Presi- 
dent of the Crown Savings & Loan Company, 
of Petrolea, and he is also Vice-President of 
the London & Western Trusts Co. ; Director 
of the Bank of Toronto; ex-Governor of 
Toronto University and President of the 
Petrolea Liberal-Conservative Association, in 
addition to having many other business in- 
terests. In 1891 Mr. Englehart married 
Charlotte Eleanor, daughter of the late 
Thomas Thompson, of Adelaide, Ont., who 
died in 1908, and in whose memory he found- 
ed the Charlotte Eleanor Hospital in Petrolea 
in 1910, which is on the site of his old home- 
stead and surrounded by thirty-five acres of 
land. In 1909 he gave an X-Ray equipment 
to St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, and in 
the following year a chime of eleven bells, 
one of the finest in the Province, to Christ 
Church, Petrolea, and it is safe to assume 
that his private generosity has more than 
kept pace with his public benefactions. In 
March, 1905, Mr. Englehart was appointed 



Chairman of the Temiskaming & Northern 
Ontario Railwa,y Commission and his success 
in developing what he is pleased to call 
"Greater Ontario" has amply justified the 
late Sir James Whitney's choice in placing 
him in this responsible position. He has 
been accustomed to business on a large scale, 
involving powers of comprehension, quick 
perception and careful calculation, and on 
his appointment, turned his ability and ex- 
perience to good account in the service of 
the Province. He is very much interested 
in the extension of the road and the develop- 
ment of the vast farming, timber and mining 
country it serves, as may be judged from the 
fact that only eleven times during the twelve 
years he has been Chairman of the Commis- 
sion has he missed his monthly trip over the 
road, and only once has he taken a month's 
holiday. He believes that "Greater On- 
tario" is the biggest asset Canada has and 
is firmly convinced that no spot on the con- 
tinent affords such opportunity for success 
as the territory traversed by the T. & N.O. 
Railway System and that to which it has not 
yet extended. In support of this claim, Mr. 
Englehart refers to a series of articles pub- 
lished in the "Globe" of August, 1916, which 
has previously been somewhat critical, writ- 
ten by that paper's farming editor, and giving 
statistics to show that the production both 
in roots and grain per acre in "Greater On- 
tario" was far in excess of the best returns 
in the older sections of the Province. Mr. 
Englehart is both the apostle and the prophet 
of the North, enthusiastically proclaiming its 
unrivalled potential possibilities, and as he 
is better informed on the subject than any 
other man, his statements may be accepted . 
at face value. Mr. Englehart is an Episco- 
palian in religion and a Mason. His clubs 
are the New York, Toronto, Albany, Empire, 
Toronto Hunt and Ontario Jockey, and the 
London, of London, Ont. Genial , a versatile 
and convincing conversationalist, alert and 
strong willed, he works actively in the im- 
mense field he supervises and takes keen 
pleasure in its development. 

MacKenzie, John Angus, who was born 
at Guelph, Ontario, October 20, 1878, was 
educated at the Public and High Schools, 
Harriston, and the Model School, Guelph, 
Ontario, and taught school at Hanover, 
Ontario, from 1897 to 1898. From 1899 to 
1901 he was assistant to C. M. Hayes, 
General Manager of the Grand Trunk 
Railway, Montreal. Arriving in Ottawa in 
the latter year he started in business for 



173 



himself, and to-day is President of MacKenzie 
Limited, Manufacturers of Railway and 
Lumbermen's Supplies, 132 to 136 Lyon 
Street, Ottawa, whose trade extends through- 
out Canada and to other parts of the world. 
From 1903 to 1907 Mr. MacKenzie served 
as Lieutenant of Company A, Governor- 
General's Foot Guards. His brother, James 
David MacKenzie was killed on September 
28, 1918, while fighting at the front in the 
great World War. Twice before he had been 
wounded and had just returned to the front 
in France when he met his death. Two 
brothers, W. M. and Thomas, served King 
and Country, the former being gassed and 
wounded, and a sister, Margaret, served as 
a nurse at the Orpington Hospital, England. 
Mr. MacKenzie in 1901 married Jean 
Andrew, daughter of Archibald Andrew, one 
of Ottawa's most charming vocalists, as a 
result of which he has one son and one 
daughter. Mr. MacKenzie's father and 
mother, Kenneth and Mary MacKenzie, 
reside on Melgund Avenue, Ottawa. Mr. 
MacKenzie is a Liberal in politics, and for 
years was Secretary of Ottawa Reform 
Association. He is a member of the A.F. 
& A.M. Society. His recreations are fishing 
and tennis, and his place of residence 229 
Clemow Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Harkin, James B., is one of those suc- 
cessful journalists who have been selected by 
the Dominion Government to occupy import- 
ant positions in the service of Canada. In 
appointing Mr. Harkin to the responsible 
position of Commissioner of Dominion Parks, 
the Government of Canada made a happy 
selection, and his work in connection with the 
Government-owned Parks of Canada in 
his descriptive and handsomely printed and 
illustrated publications, in his general ability 
for such work and in his careful and personal 
attention to their care and improvement is 
well seen in the vast improvements that have 
taken place and in the publicity that they 
have had. When Hon. Sir Clifford Sifton 
was Minister of Interior in 1903, he selected 
Mr. Harkin as his Private Secretary, which 
office he held with that distinguished gentle- 
man until the latter resigned his portfolio in 
1905. Hon Frank Oliver, succeeding Sir 
Clifford as Minister of Interior, retained the 
services of Mr. Harkin until 1911, when he 
appointed him to his present position, viz., 
Commissioner of Dominion Parks. If any- 
thing, Mr. Harkin has proven more compet- 
ent in his present position than he was when 
occupying the position of private secretary, 



and that is saying something. Mr. Harkin 
was born at Vankleek Hill, Ont., January 30, 
1875, and received his education in the Pub- 
lic School, Vankleek Hill, and at the High 
School, Marquette, Michigan. He became 
connected with the newspaper work in Mon- 
treal in 1892 and served on the staff of the 
Ottawa "Journal" from 1893 to 1900. Mr. 
Harkin is the son of William and Eliza 
(McDonnell) Harkin, is a member of the 
Ottawa Civil Service and the Rivermead 
Golf Clubs. He is a Roman Catholic in re- 
ligion and resides at 138 Lewis Street, Ot- 
tawa, Ontario. 

Ewart, David, Chief Architect of the 
Department of Public Works, Ottawa, was 
born at Penicuik, near Edinburgh, Scotland, 
on February 18, 1843. He was educated in 
his native place and at the Edinburgh School 
of Art, where he obtained a thorough ground- 
ing in architecture. In 1871, four years after 
the establishment of Canadian Confedera- 
tion, he was appointed Assistant Engineer 
and Architect of the Department of Public 
Works for Canada, and took up his residence 
in Ottawa. In 1897 he was promoted to the 
position of Chief Architect. In the early 
days of his service he had charge of the com- 
pletion of the main tower of the beautiful 
Parliament Buildings at Ottawa, which were 
destroyed by fire during the great war. He 
also took charge of the erection of the 
Canadian buildings at the Paris Exposition, 
the Chicago World's Fair and at other 
famous international expositions. He was 
decorated by the French Government, and in 
1903 was honored by the King with the 
Imperial Service Order. He was appointed 
a Member of the Board of Assessors in con- 
nection with additions to the Parliament 
Buildings at Ottawa in 1906, and was elected 
a Councillor of the Royal Architects In- 
stitute of Canada in 1909. In government 
circles he is looked on as one of the Nestors 
of the civil service. In May, 1877, he married 
Margaret Segsworth, daughter of Segsworth 
Simpson, Barnsley, Yorkshire, England, and 
resides at 135 Cameron Street, Ottawa. 

Armstrong, Samuel, M.P.P. (Parry 

Sound, Ont.), one of the early pioneers of 
the District of Muskoka and Parry Sound, 
having settled in Muskoka in 1862, and Parry 
Sound in January, 1867. Many miles of the 
old Colonization Roads were made by him 
for the Government in Parry Sound District. 
He was interested in lumbering and saw 
mills, also railroad contracting, besides keep- 



ing a general store at McKellar, Ont., until 
elected M.P.P. for Parry Sound District, 
December 26, 1886. In May, 1895, he was 
appointed Sheriff of Parry Sound, which 
office he still holds; acted as reeve for Mc- 
Kellar Township for twelve years, and is a 
member of the Orange Order and Royal 
Templars. His parents were Samuel and 
Harriett Hughes Armstrong and he was born 
in Ireland, town of New Ross, County of 
Wexford, February 24, 1844, and educated at 
the Public Schools of Thorold and Toronto. 
He was married to Catharine Taylor, daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Taylor, Lanark 
County, Ont., and has five children Har- 
riett Elizabeth, John Egbert, Frank, Milton 
Taylor and Mary Emma Winnifred. In 
politics he styles himself an Independent, is 
a member of the Methodist Church and a 
delegate to the Toronto and Winnipeg Con- 
ferences. 

McNeil, Most Reverend Neil (Toronto, 
Ont.), Archbishop of Toronto since 1912, 
when he was transferred from the Arch- 
bishopric of Vancouver, B.C., to which he 
was appointed in January, 1910, was born at 
Mabou, N.S., November 23, 1851, the son of 
Malcolm McNeil and Ellen Meagher. He 
was educated at St. Francis Xavier College, 
Antigonish, N.S.; in 1873 he entered the 
College of the Propaganda in Rome, where 
he remained for six and a half years. He 
was ordained Priest in 1879, in the Basilica 
of John Latern by the late Cardinal Patrizzi, 
and in the same year received the degrees of 
Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of Divinity, 
afterwards making a post-graduate course of 
one year in the University of Marseilles, 
France. He joined the staff of St. Francis 
Xavier College in 1880, and was Rector of 
the College from 1884 to 1891. He became 
Bishop of Nilopolis and Vicar Apostolic of 
St. George's, west coast of Newfoundland, 
being consecrated at St. Ninan's Cathedral, 
Antigonish, 1895. During the war Arch- 
bishop McNeil especially endeared himself 
to all classes of the community by his active 
support of all patriotic enterprises, no mat- 
ter what their religious complexion. 

Harris, William Gean, Toronto, is one 
of the pioneers and leaders of the metal 
industry in Canada. He was born in the 
Muskoka district of Ontario on February 17, 
1862, the son of William Gean and Mary 
(Hunter) Harris. He was educated in the 
Toronto public schools and at the age of 18 
started his present business in a small way. 



It has now developed into the Canada 
Metal Manufacturing Company, Ltd., and 
is engaged in smelting ores, making lead pipe, 
rolling sheet lead, and the manufacture of 
brass bullets and shells. Its wares are 
known throughout the Dominion of Canada, 
the result of 30 years of constant expansion 
and progressive methods. The Harris organ- 
ization is now recognized as one of the 
indispensable factors in Canadian industry 
of the most diverse aspects. In building up 
this great industry Mr. Harris has for a 
considerable number of years been blessed 
with the active assistance of his son. By 
instinct a captain of industry his chief 
recreation in leisure hours is the study of the 
betterment of conditions relating to business 
in all its phases. Mr. Harris is a member of 
the A. F. & A. M., I.O.F., A.O.F., S.O.E., a 
Conservative in politics and a Methodist in 
religion. In 1887 he married Ada Florence 
Grove, daughter of George Grove of England, 
and has one son and one daughter. Mr. 
Harris's business address is Fraser Ave., 
Toronto, and his home is at 408 Indian Road 
in that city. 

MacDonald, Donald D. (Toronto, Ont.), 
Public School Principal, son of John F. Mac- 
Donald and Jean Smith, was born at Bow- 
manville, Durham County, Ont., on July 24, 
. 1874, and received his education at the Clark 
Union Public School, the Bowmanville High 
School, the Toronto Normal School and the 
Hamilton Normal College. He subsequently 
took the University course in Arts extra- 
murally and graduated with B.A. degree in 
1915. He married Laura Stewart, daughter 
of John Stewart, of Toronto, and to them was 
born one son, Donald Stewart. Mr. Mac- 
Donald was one of a family of five boys, four 
of whom entered the teaching profession for 
a time, and one of whom, Dr. N. S. Mac- 
Donald, B.A , in addition to himself, is still 
in the profession as one of the Public 
School Inspectors of Toronto. He en- 
joyed the advantage of being brought 
up in the country, the public school which he 
first attended being two miles distant from 
his home. When but a lad he determined to 
follow the vocation of teaching and trained 
himself to this end. He secured his Primary 
and Second-Class Teaching Certificates at 
the Bowmanville High School, and at once 
embarked upon his career as a teacher, tak- 
ing charge of the public school at Providence, 
three miles out of Bowmanville, for three 
years. He then entered the course at the 
Toronto Normal School, achieving high aca- 



175 



demic progress and graduating with honors 
in 1897. For the succeeding three years Mr. 
MacDonald taught at Audley, near Picker- 
ing, after which, in order to complete his 
training, he returned to the Bowmanville 
High School for two years and secured his 
Senior Leaving Certificate. Having subse- 
quently taught in Barrie for four months, he 
was appointed vice-Principal of Annette 
Street School, West Toronto, and three and 
one-half years later became its principal. Dur- 
ing the three years he occupied this position, 
prior to the annexation of the Town of West 
Toronto to the city of Toronto, Mr. Mac- 
Donald passed the Normal College examina- 
tion extra-murally, obtaining a first-class pro- 
fessional certificate. He was then trans- 
ferred to the Niagara Street School, Toronto, 
of which he was Principal for over two years, 
when he was promoted to the Principalship 
of McMurrich School, in which position he 
served for 6$ years. Still carrying on his ex- 
tensive studies, Mr. MacDonald graduated 
extra-murally in Arts from the Western 
University, and is now qualifying for the 
degree of D.Paed. In September, 1918, he 
became Principal of the Orde Street Model 
School, the new practice school for Normal 
School students. Apart from his educa- 
tional activities, Mr. MacDonald has taken 
considerable interest in public affairs. He 
has been a member of the session of Victoria 
Presbyterian Church for some years. He 
was the Master of Victoria Lodge, in 1917, 
A.F. & A.M., No. 474, G.R.C. He is also a 
member of Shekinah Chapter of Royal Arch 
Masons. Mr. MacDonald's parents were 
both Scottish. In politics he is a Conserva- 
tive. Mr. MacDonald's life thus far has 
been much devoted to study along with his 
regular educational duties. 

Pardoe, Avern (Toronto, Ont.), Librarian 
of the Ontario Legislature, spent ten years, 
after leaving King Edward VI 's Collegiate 
Grammar School, Stratford-upon-Avon, 
where he was educated, in a law office of that 
place; afterwards doing a little amateur 
journalistic work in England and leav- 
ing for Canada in 1872, where he took 
up land near Cecebe Lake, in Chapman 
Township, Parry Sound District. The fol- 
lowing year he engaged in journalism 
in Chicago, but returned to Canada in 1875. 
upon invitation to join the staff of the To- 
ronto "Globe," from which he resigned on 
Mr. Gordon Brown's retirement in 1883. 
Being invited back by the new editor, Mr. 
John Cameron, he acted under him as Man- 



aging Editor until 1889, when he retired from 
journalism to engage in real estate. On the 
collapse of realty values in Toronto in 1894, 
he entered the service of the Ontario Govern- 
ment and received his present appointment 
four years later. He is a member of the 
Church of England, of the A.F. & A.M., 
Royal Arch and Scottish Rite, 32. Mr. 
Pardoe was born at Stratford-upon-Avon, 
Eng., June 26, 1845, the son of William and 
Harriette Pardoe, and married Mary, the 
daughter of Daniel P. Sprague, State Sen- 
ator, Andover, Conn., in 1876, by whom he 
has four surviving children Ellen Edith, 
Avern, William Sprague and Eunice Scoville 
Nicholls. 

Davis, Aubrey, Manufacturer (Newmar- 
ket, Ont.), and Captain 220th Battalion, 
C.E.F., has been a member of the Committee 
of One Hundred and a strong advocate of 
Local Option for many years. The son of 
the Hon. E. J. and Margaret Johnston Davis, 
he holds office as Vice-President of the Davis 
Leather Company, Limited, of which his 
father is President. Mr. Davis was born at 
King, York County, February 2, 1878, and 
was educated at Aurora High School and 
Toronto Business College. September 2, 
1902, he married Etta, daughter of Richard 
Pettit, of Appin, Ont., by whom he has one 
son, Bruce Pettit Davis. He is a member of 
the National Club, as also of Rameses Tem- 
ple, Mystic Shrine. In politics he is a 
Liberal and in religion a Methodist. 

Dowling, John S. (Brantford, "Ont.), 
Manufacturer, was born at Bolton, Ont., 
May 16, 1875, the son of Bryan Dowling, a 
railroader, and Sarah A. Dowling. His early 
education began at the Bolton Public School 
and then at the Toronto Technical School. 
Settling in Brantford, he soon became inter- 
ested in the welfare of that city and became 
Alderman in 1915 and was re-elected in 1916 
and 1917, was chairman of the Railway Com- 
mittee and Chairman of Finance in 1916 and 
1917. He is President of the well-known 
firm of John S. Dowling & Company, Ltd. 
Mr. Dowling takes a keen interest in all 
kinds of sports, especially lacrosse, hockey, 
bowling and tennis, and was one of Cana- 
da's star lacrosse players, helping Brantford 
win many games during the years 1902 to 
1905. Was prominent player of Tecumseh 
and Toronto Lacrosse Clubs prior to going 
to Brantford, and was selected by latter 
club to tour Great Britain in 1902, which 
played throughout England and Ireland. 



176 



CoLAEShillington 
Ottawa. 







Is chairman of Brantford Branch of Soldiers' 
Aid Commission, having organized the first 
commission in Canada, which later became 
part of Provincial Soldiers' Aid Commission, 
when latter was created. Under his chair- 
manship Brantford has the name of being 
the best organized branch in the Province. He 
is Rotary President of the Dufferin Bowling 
Club and a member of the Heather Bowling 
Club. Is a Mason and also a member of the 
Canadian Order of Foresters. On August 23, 
1904, he married the daughter of Neil Mac- 
millan, a journalist, of Glasgow, Scotland, 
and has had four of a family Ian Macmillan, 
born June 3, 1907; Margaret Faith, born 
May 28, 1910, died May 27, 1912; Kathleen 
Patricia, born March 15, 1913, and Phyllis 
Trimble, born October 13, 1914. Mr. Dow- 
ling belongs to the Presbyterian Church and 
is a Conservative in politics. 

Notman, John Charles (St. Catharines, 
Ont.), was born at Thorold, Ont, on January 
4, 1866. Son of John and Barbara (Ogilvie) 
Notman. Educated at the Public Schools, 
St. Catharines, and in 1881, entered the office 
of the Welland Vale Manufacturing Co. In 
1901 he was appointed as Manager of the 
McKinnon Dash Co., manufacturers of sad- 
dlery, carriage hardware and malleable iron 
castings, St. Catharines. He is Vice-Presi- 
dent of the St. Catharines Steel and Metal 
Co. Since 1910 he has been Water Commis- 
sioner of the city. As a clubman he is well 
known in many cities, and he is a member of 
the St. Catharines City Golf Club; Lauren- 
tian Club, Ottawa; and the Niagara Club, 
Niagara Falls, N.Y. In religion he is a 
Presbyterian and a Conservative in politics. 
In 1896 he married Clara Louise, daughter of 
James Seymour, and has one son. 

Paton, Hugh (Montreal, Que.), is Presi- 
dent of The Shedden Forwarding Co., Ltd., 
Montreal; Director, Royal Bank of Canada; 
Bell Telephone Co. ; Sincennes McNaughton 
Line, Ltd.; Northern Electric Co., Ltd.; 
Canadian Express Co.; Canadian Transfer 
Co.; Montreal Trust Co. Born at John- 
stone, Renfrewshire, Scotland, October 5, 
1852, the son of William and Mary (Shed- 
den) Paton, he came to Canada in 1871, 
after an early education at Paisley Grammar 
School, Scotland, and joined his uncle, the 
late John Shedden, a prominent railway 
contractor of Toronto. Mr. Shedden was 
formerly President of the Toronto & Nipis- 
sing Railway and built the Union Station, 
Toronto, in addition to other public works. 



In 1873, Mr. Paton removed to Montreal and 
took up his present business under the name 
of The Shedden Forwarding Co., Ltd., marry- 
ing Isabella, daughter of the late Andrew 
Robertson, in 1884. His recreations are the 
turf, farming and travelling, and he has won 
three Queen's Plates and one Hunt Cup. He 
is a governor of Montreal General, Notre 
Dame and Western Hospitals ; was Honorary 
Secretary-Treasurer, 1879-1886, and Master 
of the Montreal Hunt, 1887; Honorary Sec- 
retary for two years of the Montreal Tandem 
Club; Honorary Treasurer for several years 
of the Province of Quebec Turf Club, 
Mount Royal Club, and member of the 
St. James' Club, Montreal; Royal Mon- 
treal Golf Club; Montreal Raquet 
Club; Forest and Stream Club, Montreal; 
Canada Club, Montreal; Montreal Jockey 
Club; Toronto Club, Toronto; Manitoba 
Club, Winnipeg; Manhattan Club, New 
York; Royal Automobile Club and Junior 
Athenaeum Club, London, Eng. Residence, 
507 Sherbrooke St. West, Montreal; summer 
Residence, "The Island," Bord-a-Plouffe, 
Que. 

McGiverin, Harold Buchanan (Ottawa, 

Ont.), Barrister and Solicitor, was elected to 
the House of Commons for Ottawa in 1908, 
and chosen as Liberal Whip for Ontario in the 
following year, but was defeated in the elec- 
tions of 1911. Called to the Bar of Ontario 
in 1893, he is a member of the firm of Mc- 
Giverin, Haydon & Ebbs, and has been 
Counsel for the Great Northern Railway in 
Canada, also for the Bank of Nova Scotia at 
Ottawa. In spite of a distinguished profes- 
sional career, however, it is as a sportsman 
that Mr. McGiverin is most widely known, 
being an authority on football and cricket. 
He represented Canada in International 
Cricket for years; has been captain of the 
Canadian Team for five years and President 
of the Ottawa Cricket Club for several years; 
also President of the Canadian Cricket Asso- 
ciation. He was Captain and later President 
of the Ottawa Football Club, ("Rough 
Riders"), Champions of Canada, and was 
appointed Canadian Member of the Olympic 
Games Committee in 1908. His clubs 
are: Rideau, Ottawa Golf, Ottawa Coun- 
try and Connaught Park Jockey, all of 
Ottawa; the Pilgrim, of Philadelphia; also 
the Marylebone Cricket Club of London, 
Eng., and Free Forresters. Mr. McGiverin 
was born in Hamilton, Ont., August 4, 1870, 
the son of Lieut. -Colonel William McGiverin, 
formerly M.P. for Lincoln, and Emma (Coun- 



177 



sell) McGiverin. He was educated in Public 
and Private Schools, also at Upper Canada 
College and Osgoode Hall. He married Alice 
Maude, daughter of Hon. C. H. Mackintosh, 
late Lieutenant-Governor of the North- West 
Territories, September, 1898, and has one 
son, H. M. McGiverin, Cadet Royal Air 
Force, 1918. He is an Anglican in religion. 

Ingersoll, James Hamilton, K.C. (St. 
Catharines, Ont.), was born in the Garden 
City on October 8, 1858. Son of James 
Hamilton and Frances E. (Jacobs) Ingersoll. 
Educated at the Public and High Schools of 
his native city and at Upper Canada College, 
Toronto. He studied law in the office of the 
late J. C. Rykert, K.C., M.P. Was called to 
the Bar of Ontario in 1883. Mr. Ingersoll is 
recognized as one of the most prominent 
barristers of the Niagara Peninsula, and en- 
joys a large and lucrative practice and repre- 
sents many important interests. He is 
senior member of the firm of Ingersoll and 
Kingstone, which has offices at 24 James St., 
St. Catharines. He was created a King's 
Counsel in 1908. He has many important 
interests outside his practice and is Vice- 
President of the Security Loan and Savings 
Co., Ltd., and a Director of the Suspension 
Bridge Company, Niagara Falls. In religion 
he is an Anglican, and a Conservative in 
politics. He is a member of the Masonic 
Order. He was first married in 1889 to 
Florence N. Fowler, arid secondly, in 1910, 
to Harriet Mary Martin. He has two daugh- 
ters. 

Ellis, John F., (Toronto, Ont.) Born at 
Mount Pleasant, Ont., on November 9th, 
1845. Son of John R. Ellis and Janet Car- 
lyle, niece of the famous Thomas Carlyle. 
Educated at local Grammar School and 
Toronto Normal School. Entered into busi- 
ness with John R. Barber in 1876, Paper 
Dealers and Envelope Manufacturers, which 
concern became subsequently known as the 
Barber-Ellis Limited, 71 Wellington Street 
West, Toronto, having branches at Winnipeg, 
Calgary and Vancouver, with the manu- 
facturing plant at the city of Brantford, Ont. 
One of the Vice-Presidents of the Can- 
adian Reconstruction Association. Was 
President of the Toronto Board of Trade 
1902-1904; President of the Canadian Manu- 
facturers Association 1898-1900. President 
of the National Club, 1901-1902; President, 
Caledon Fishing Club 1903-1905; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Local Branch, Ontario Fish and Game 
Protective Association ; one of the Founders 



of the Commercial Travellers' Association; 
Delegate to the Sixth Imperial Trade Con- 
gress, London, England, July, 1906; presented 
to King Edward, 1906. He is a member of 
the National Club, Royal Canadian Yacht 
Club and Caledon Fishing Club. Mr. Ellis is 
a supporter of the Union Government. In 
religion he is a Methodist. He has given 
freely of his time and ability to the advance- 
ment of his home city. Married Emma 
Maughan, June 7th, 1877, daughter of 
Nicholas Maughan, Toronto Assessment 
Commissioner; has three sons. 

McKeon, P. J., Very Reverend Dean, 

Rector of St. Peter's Cathedral, London, Ont., 
one of the best loved clergymen of the Roman 
Catholic Church in this country, was born at 
Merlin, Ont., the son of James and Ann (Finn) 
McKeon. He was educated for the priest- 
hood at the widely known seminary of the 
Basilian Order, Assumption College, Sand- 
wich, Ont., whose graduates have rendered 
unselfish Christian service in many parts of 
the world . Father McKeon was Rector of St. 
Mary 's Church,London, Ont., for twelve years 
prior to his elevation as Dean and Rector 
of St. Peter 's Cathedral, and during that time 
established a reputation for kindliness, piety 
and zeal in all good works that was recognized 
by all classes of the community. He has held 
the responsibilities of the Chancellorship of 
the diocese since August, 1899, being ap- 
pointed to that position by the late Arch- 
bishop McEvoy when he became Bishop 
of London. He is known also as one 
of the best organizers in the diocese 
of London. He willingly participates in the 
civic activities of his chosen city, and is a 
member of the local Canadian Club, the 
London Board of Trade and of the Knights 
of Columbus. 

James, Edgar Augustus, a Consulting 
Engineer, was born in the County of York, 
at Thornhill, Ont., August 25, 1874, eldest 
son of David James and Francis M. Jackson. 
Both parents were also born in York County. 
His father, a nephew of the late Senator 
David Reesor, is a successful York County 
farmer, who has taken an active part in 
Grange and Farmers' institute work. He 
represented the Township of Markham in the 
York County Council for some twelve years, 
and was for some twenty years Engineer for 
the Township of Markham. Educated at 
the Langstaff Public School, the Newmarket 
High and Model Schools, and the Toronto 
Normal School, the subject of this sketch 



178 



\JL 

th 
lif 



taught public school at Don, Ont., for two 
years, after which he entered the Faculty of 
Applied Science of the University of Toronto, 
securing the degree of B.A.Sc. in 1904, and 
the professional degree of C.E. in 1913. As 
a student he was active in the work of the 
Engineering Society of the Faculty, and was 
the President of the organization in the years 
1903-4. For the period of 1906 to 1914 he 
sat on the Senate of the University of Toronto 
as one of the elected representatives of the 
Graduates. On December 1, 1910, he was 
married to Mary Kate Smith, daughter of 
William Henry Smith, who for fifty years was 
Principal of the Public Schools, Port Dover, 
Ont. His professional experience includes 
two years on road work and drainage work in 
Western Canada, and four years on railway 
construction work with the Canadian Pa- 
cific Railway. In 1908 he was appointed Man- 
aging Editor of the "Canadian Engineer," 
which publication, under his direction, was 
developed into the leading Canadian En- 
gineering Weekly. Since giving up active 
journalistic work he has been a frequent con- 
tributor to the technical press. In 1911 he 
resigned to take the position of Chief Engineer 
the Toronto & York Roads Commission, 
organization charged with the improve- 
nt of some two hundred and fifty miles 
leading roads radiating from Toronto. In 
Fall of the same year he became a mem- 
r of the newly organized firm of Consulting 
eers, James, Loudon & Hertzberg, Ltd., 
hich firm has had charge of important 
.gineering works in connection with build- 
bridges, roads, waterworks, sewerage 
railways, together with industrial plants, 
oving up through the junior classes, he be- 
me, in 1914, a full member of the Engineer- 
g Institute of Canada, having been made, 
1913, a full member of the American So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers. He was a member 
of the original committee of six who met for 
the purpose of re-organizing the Engineers' 
Club as a Social and Technical Club, and was 
member of its first Board of Directors. He 
also a member of the Ontario Club; the 
brk Pioneer and Historical Society and a 
life member of the Ontario Historical Society; 
a P.M. of Patterson Lodge A.F. &A.M.; 
P.Z. Victoria Chapter, R.A.M., and a mem- 
ber of Cyrene Preceptory and Rameses Tem- 
ple. In July, 1918, he was appointed 
D.D.G.M. for Toronto Centre District No. 
116 A.F. & A.M., G.R.C. He is also a 
P.C.R. of Court Union, A.O.F. In religion 
both families are Methodist, as is the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 



Finnie, David Maclachan. The Bank of 
Ottawa, now amalgamated with the Bank of 
Nova Scotia, was established in December 
1874, with headquarters in the Victoria 
Chambers, Cor. Wellington and O'Connor 
streets, Ottawa. Its authorized capital was 
$500,000 and its paid-up capital $343,875. 
An unique happening is connected with the 
founding of this bank, viz., that some twelve 
days before the head office in Ottawa was 
opened and ready for business, a branch office 
was established in Arnprior under the manage- 
ment of Mr. David Maclachan Finnie, who 
was then a young man of 25 years and who 
in 1903, 29 years later, became Assistant 
General Manager and in 1916, General 
Manager, which position he held up to the 
time, April 30th, 1919, of its amalgamation 
with the Bank of Nova Scotia. Mr. Finnie 
was, therefore, the first manager of the Bank 
of Ottawa to do business with the public in 
its solitary branch in Arnprior in 1874, when 
authorized capital of the bank was $500,000, 
and the last General Manager of the bank in 
1919, when its Capital was $4,000,000; when 
its reserve fund was $4,750,000; when its 
branches numbered 95; when it had contrib- 
uted 228 members of its staff to the great 
cause of liberty in the world's great war; 
when its total assets were $70,243,000, and 
its liabilities $60, 539,000, showing a surplus of 
just under $10,000,000; and when it was 
paying the shareholders over 12 per cent, 
on the par value of the stock. The Bank of 
Ottawa, from the start, established a high 
character which it always retained. Its 
management had a reputation invariably for 
generous dealings with its clients and never 
more than of the late years; and to Mr. 
Finnie 's affable manner, generous, yet wise, 
consideration of its clients' requirements 
and his undoubted ability both as a banker 
and as a financier, the success achieved by 
the bank was considerably attributable. Mr. 
David Maclachan Finnie was born at Peter- 
head, Scotland, July 10th, 1849. He is the 
son of Robert and Mary (Smith) Finnie, 
and was educated in the Parish School, Peter- 
head. At an early age he acquired a business 
and banking experience in the office of A. & W. 
Boyd, Solicitors and Agents in the Union 
Bank of Scotland, Peterhead; in the office 
of Secretary, West of Scotland Wholesale 
Grocers Association; in the Bank of British 
North America, London, England; Montreal, 
Hamilton and Arnprior. He is a Director 
of the Home Building & Savings Association; 
was elected Vice-President of the Ottawa 
Board of Trade in 1909; is Vice-President of 



the County of Carleton Protestant Hospital, 
and in 1919 was elected by acclamation 
to the Presidency of the Royal Ottawa Golf 
Club. At the opening campaign on behalf 
of the Canadian Patriotic Fund, Ottawa 
Branch, he was elected Honorary Treasurer, 
and has remained in that position ever since. 
There was subscribed over $2,000,000, 
nearly all of which has been paid in. 
In 1875 Mr. Finnic married Caroline 
Nicholson Sterling, daughter, of George Ster- 
ling of Hamilton, Ontario. He was Presi- 
dent of the Rideau Club for 1911-12-13, and 
is a member of the Country, Ottawa Golf, 
Ottawa Hunt Clubs. In religion Mr. Finnic 
is an Anglican. His residence is 329 Chaple 
Street, Ottawa, Canada. 

Boudreau, L. N. H. Rodolphe, who from 
1889 to 1907 was Private Secretary to the 
late Right Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, is a son 
of the late Dr. J. B. Boudreau of Doucet's 
Landing, Quebec, and Sarah (Fortier) 
Boudreau. He was born at St. Gregoire, 
Quebec, Sept. 19th, 1865, and was educated 
at Nicolet College and Laval University. In 
1893 he married Annie, daughter of Thomas 
Wensley, Ottawa. He accompanied Sir Wil- 
frid to Washington and to London and Paris 
on official missions. He entered the Civil Ser- 
vice in 1896, was appointed Assistant Clerk of 
the Privy Council in 1900, and Clerk of the 
Privy Council on May 6th, 1907. January 1st, 
1918, he was knighted a Companion of 
St. Michael and St. George. In religion Mr. 
Boudreau is a Roman Catholic. He resides 
at 198 Stewart street, Ottawa. 

Arkell, Thomas Reginald, B.S.A. 

(Toronto) Ont., is recognized as one of the 
leading live stock experts of Canada, though 
still young in years. He was born at Arkell, 
Wellington County, Ont., on March 30th, 
1888, the son of Henry and Jessie (Macfar- 
lane) Arkell. He had an early insight into 
the practical side of his chosen profession from 
his father, who was a prominent sheep-raiser, 
and had resolved to give his son a thorough 
education in the scientific side of the business. 
The subject of this sketch was educated at 
the public schools of Arkell and Guelph, 
Guelph Collegiate Institute and the Univer- 
sity of Toronto. In 1908 he graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Scientific Agricul- 
ture, standing highest in his class for general 
proficiency and capturing the Governor- 
General's medal. He first went into 
journalism and in the year of his graduation 
was appointed agricultural editor of the 



"Canadian Citizen," Ottawa; and later 
served for some months as Associate Editor of 
" The Canadian Farm, " Toronto. In 1909 he 
was appointed Professor of Animal Hus- 
bandry at the New Hampshire State College 
and animal Husbandman of the Experimental 
Station in connection with that institution. In 
1912 he returned to Canada to accept the 
appointment of Chief of the Sheep and Goat 
Division of the Live Stock Branch in the 
Federal Department of Agriculture. In 1918 
he was appointed Manager of the Canadian 
Co-operative Wool Growers, Limited, an 
association designed to benefit wool produc- 
tion in Canada from every point of view. He 
is widely known in connection with this basic 
industry and is the author of numerous 
papers and pamphlets relating to sheep- 
breeding and the inheritance of bovine charac- 
teristics. He is a member of the University 
Club, Ottawa, and of the American Associ- 
ation for the Advancement of Science. In 
1911 he married Mabel Helen, daughter of 
William Mahaffey of Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, and has one daughter, Eleanor Kath- 
leen. He resides at 70 Beaty Avenue, 
Toronto. 

Gartshore, Lieut.-Col. William Moir, 

is one of the best known industrial leaders 
of Canada, and is Vice-President and General 
Manager of the McClary Manufacturing Co. 
of London, Ont. His Company is one of the 
Canadian pioneer concerns in the manu- 
facture of stoves and furnaces, and has 
branches at Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, 
Vancouver, St. John, Hamilton, Calgary, 
Saskatoon and Edmonton. Col. Gartshore 
was born at Dundas, Ont., April 3rd, 1853, 
the son of John and Margaret (Moir) Gart- 
shore. The late Mr. John Gartshore was 
during his lifetime a prominent manufacturer 
of marine machinery, engines, boilers, etc., 
and the subject of this sketch was educated in 
the public and grammar schools of Dundas 
and at Dr. Tassie 's famous academy at Gait, 
Ontario. In 1873 he joined the staff of the 
London Car Wheel Company and in 1876 
entered the employ of the McClary Manu- 
facturing Company with which he has ever 
since been connected. Since 1890 he has 
filled the dual office of Vice-President and 
General Manager. His other business inter- 
ests include a directorship of Ontario Loan 
and Debenture Co., London. Since early 
manhood he has taken an active interest in 
military matters and holds a first-class 
cavalry certificate. He entered the militia 
as a volunteer in 1871 and during the North- 



180 



west Rebellion of 1885 served as Junior Major 
of the 7th Fusiliers, London, for which he 
wears the campaign medal. He was made 
major in 1884 and in 1892 became Lieut. -Col. 
in command of 1st Regiment of Cavalry, 
"Hussars," London. He is now on its reserve 
of officers. Col. Gartshore has also held many 
important public offices. He was Provincial 
Vice-President of the Canadian Manufac- 
turers Association, 1908, and Vice-President 
for Canada in the same organization, 1914-15. 
He is President and was formerly for some 
years a director of London Fair Association; 
Chairman of the Victoria Hospital Trust; 
President of the St. John's Ambu- 
lance Association, London; President of the 
Child Welfare Association, London. During 
his many journeys to the motherland he was in 
1886 presented to the late King Edward VII 
when Prince of Wales, and in 1905 after he 
came to the throne. In response to the 
wishes of his fellow citizens he stood for May- 
or of London in 1916 and was elected. Col. 
Gartshore is a member of the following Clubs : 
London, London Hunt, and National (Tor- 
onto). He is also a member of St. Andrew's 
Society and his recreations are riding, cricket 
and baseball. In politics he is a Liberal- 
Unionist and in religion a Presbyterian. He 
was married on Dec. 26th, 1876, to Catherine, 
daughter of Mr. John McClary, the head of 
the company with which he is identified, and 
has one daughter, Mrs. Edna Cleghorn. 

White, John T., Solicitor to the Treas- 
ury for the Province of Ontario, is a native 
of Belleville, Ont., where he was born on 
July 3rd, 1875. He was educated at the 
public and High Schools of his native town 
and later qualified for the law at Osgoode 
Hall, Toronto. On being called to the bar 
of this province in 1894 he practised for a 
time in Toronto. A few years ago he was 
appointed Solicitor to the Treasury for 
Ontario, a post requiring great judgment 
and knowledge of general conditions. Among 
the duties it embraces is that of collecting 
the succession duties on the estates of de- 
ceased persons, the collection of the Corpora- 
tions Tax, the Provincial War Tax, and 
other sources of Provincial revenue. In 
the long and delicate negotiations which 
are sometimes necessary in arriving 
at a fair valuation, Mr. White has 
shown himself very shrewd and tactful 
and has been able to largely augment the 
revenues of the province without making unfair 
exactions. When the Ontario Government de- 
cided a year or so after the late war began to 



impose a tax on amusements, Mr. White was 
also placed in charge of the administration of 
the new law, a task involving great problems 
of detail which he has successfully accomp- 
lished. He is an Anglican in religion and a 
Conservative in politics and resides at the 
Albany Club, of which he is a member, as 
also of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, 
the Rosedale Golf, and the Mississauga 
Golf and Country Club. 

Pugh, Thomas James, one of the suc- 
cessful business men of Toronto, was born 
in Kidderminster, England, January 8th, 
1871, the son of Charles and Sarah Pugh. He 
received his first education in public schools 
in England, which on his coming to 
Canada as a boy, was continued by 
courses in the public and High Schools 
here. On leaving school he adopted com- 
mercial pursuits in which he prospered and 
was finally enabled to establish himself as a 
manufacturer of novelties. He is the Presi- 
dent of the Pugh Specialty Company, Ltd., 
with factories at 38 to 42 Clifford street, and 
the wares of his company are well known to 
the trade throughout Canada. He is a mem- 
ber of the Canadian Manufacturers Associa- 
tion and of the Toronto Board of Trade. He 
is a Presbyterian in religion and a member of 
the Masonic order. In politics he is a 
Liberal Unionist. In 1908 he married Miss 
Alice Maude Collier, daughter of M. Collier, 
of Hillsburg, Ont., and resides at 87 Erskine 
Avenue, Toronto. 

Sutherland, Thomas Fraser, B.Sc., 
E.M., Chief Inspector of Mines for the 
Province of Ontario is recognized in his own 
and other countries as one of the leading 
mining engineers of Canada. He is the son 
of Rev. J. M. Sutherland, B.A., a prominent 
Presbyterian clergyman of the Maritime 
Provinces, and was born at Pugwash, Nova 
Scotia, on Feb. 23rd, 1879. His professional 
education was received at Queen's University, 
Kingston, Ont., from which he graduated 
in 1904 as a fully qualified Mining Engineer 
with the degree of Bachelor of Science. On 
graduation he went to British Columbia and 
worked in various gold camps of that province 
and also of Alaska as a practical miner, 
assayer, operator and prospector. For two 
years he acted as Western representative of 
a prominent New York mining firm with 
important interests in British Columbia. 
After six years' experience on the Pacific coast 
he returned to the East in 1910 and was 
engaged by the Ontario Bureau of Mines in 



181 



1911 as Assistant Inspector at Cobalt, Ont., 
the centre of one of the great silver districts of 
the world. Subsequently in 1913 he became 
Chief Inspector, and in 1916 was attached as 
expert to the Royal Ontario Nickel Commis- 
sion to enquire into various problems in con- 
nection with that important industry. His 
duties in this capacity required him to 
visit the famous nickel mines of the French 
colony of New Caledonia, which are second 
only to those of Northern Ontario in extent, 
and also the nickel fields of Tasmania. In 
connection with his investigations and other 
official duties he is the author of various 
reports to the Ontario Government, which 
are documents of value to those interested 
in the mining industry, and is also a con- 
tributor to technical journals in connection 
with his profession. He is a member of the 
Canadian Mining Institute and in religion 
is a Presbyterian. In 1908 he married Miss 
Ethel Young and has three children, Jack 
Fraser, Gordon McRae, and Margaret Jean. 
His home is at 133 St. Leonard's Ave., 
Toronto. 

David, Hon. Laurent Olivier, City 
Clerk of Montreal since 1892 and for years 
prominent in the public life of Quebec, is one 
of the distinguished figures in the Senate of 
Canada. He is a son of the late Mayor 
Stanislas David, a farmer and officer of the 
Canadian Militia, and Elizabeth Tremblay, 
his wife. Senator David was born at Sault- 
au-Recollect, P.Q., on March 24th, 1840, 
and educated at Ste. Therese College, Quebec. 
He took up the study of law and while yet a 
student became identified with journalism 
as one of the founders of the newspaper 
"Le Colonisateur. " In 1870 he in company 
with M. Mousseau and Desbarats founded 
"L 'Opinion Publique" an illustrated weekly, 
of which he became chief editor, and resigned 
as such because he refused to take the re- 
sponsibility of approving the Pacific 
scandal. In 1874 he founded in com- 
pany with C. Beausoliel, M.P., and 
edited "Le Bien Public" and later 
published "La Tribune." In the seventies 
he began to win fame as the author of many 
essays and books on French Canadian 
history, on which he is perhaps the greatest 
living authority. These include "Les Patri- 
otes de 1837-8"; "Portraits et Biographies"; 
" Histoire du Canada depuis 1 'Union "; " His- 
toire du Canada depuis la Confederation"; 
"le Drapeau de Carillon," a patriotic drama; 
"Les Deux Papineau"; "Mes Contempor- 
ains, " (memoirs); "Souvenirs et Biog- 



raphies"; "Laurier et son temps"; "Me- 
langes Historiques et Litteraires " ; "Le 
Clerg6 Canadien, sa mission et son oeuvre," 
and other works. For a short time he filled 
the position of translator to the Quebec 
Legislature, which he resigned in 1878 and 
subsequently practised law in Montreal. 
In 1892 he became City Clerk of 
Montreal and helped to revise the new 
charter of that city, drafted in 1898. 
He served as President of the great French- 
Canadian patriotic Society of St. Jean 
Baptiste in 1887-8, and his pen and tongue 
have always been active in movements for 
Canadian unity and for the intellectual 
advancement of his own people. He was 
one of the important delegates to the 
Convention of the French-Canadian people 
at Nashua, New Hampshire, in 1888, and was 
one of the prime movers in securing the 
erection of the Monument National at Mon- 
treal and also that for a monument to Mont- 
calm in France. Originally a Conservative 
in politics he left that party to- join L 'Union 
Nationale, in the sixties, an organization 
formed to oppose Confederation. Later his 
ideas on that subject mellowed and Confed- 
eration having become an accomplished fact, 
he threw in his lot with the newly-formed 
Liberal party of Dorion,Holton and Laflamme. 
His independence of spirit was shown, however, 
in the fact that he favored the policy of pro- 
tection for native industries in opposition to 
his party friends. Because of his attitude 
on that question he was obliged to discon- 
tinue the publication of the "Bien 
Public." From the first entry of Sir Wil- 
frid Laurier into politics he became his 
friend, counsellor and supporter, and during 
the lifetime of that statesman no living man 
enjoyed more of the confidence of the Liberal 
chieftain. His entry into politics ante-dated 
that of his friend by a few years for he was 
an unsuccessful candidate for the Quebec 
Legislature in Hochelaga in 1867 and later 
in 1875. From 1886 to 1890 he represented 
Montreal East in that body, when he vol- 
untarily retired, owing to differences with 
Hon. Honore Mercier, Liberal Leader in the 
Legislature. He had several bills adopted 
by the Legislature in order to improve the 
condition of the workingman, and especially 
to prevent the seizure of his furniture and 
wages. He was twice an unsuccessful 
candidate for the House of Commons, first 
in Hochelaga at the general elections of 1878 
and in Montreal East at the general elections 
of 1891. He in 1903 was called to the Senate 
of Canada by the Governor-General, the Earl 



of Minto, on the advice of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, 
and is recognized as one of the sagest and 
most able debaters in that body. He had 
earlier declined appointment as Lieutenant- 
Governor of the Northwest Territories, 
though pressed to accept by Sir Wilfrid. He 
is prominently identified with welfare move- 
ments like the society for the Protection of 
women and children, Quebec; and the Anti- 
Alcoholic League, Montreal. He is a Fellow 
of the Royal Society of Canada and a Knight 
of the Legion of Honor of France (to which 
he was appointed in 1911.) His attachment 
to the British flag as well as to the interests 
of his own people has been the theme of 
many of his utterances. He is a Roman 
Catholic and was twice married; first in 
1886 to Albina Chenet (died July, 1887); 
secondly to Ludivine Garceau (died, Feb- 
ruary, 1915). He has had one son and nine 
daughters. 

Nanton, Sir Augustus Meredith, K.B., 

of Winnipeg, is one of the leading financiers 
of the Canadian West and has been for a 
considerable number of years senior Winnipeg 
partner in the noted firm of Osier, Hammond 
& Nanton, Investment Brokers and Financial 
agents of Toronto and Winnipeg. He was 
born at Toronto, May 7th, 1860, the son of 
Augustus Nanton, Barrister, and came from a 
family that dated from the early settlement 
of that city. He was educated in Toronto 
and as a young man was sent to Winnipeg 
to take charge of the Western business of 
Osier & Hammond in which he became a 
partner. He has long been intimately con- 
nected with the financial life of Manitoba and 
the West, and his widespread interests are indi- 
cated by the fact that he is Vice-President of 
the Great West Life Assurance Co.,Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Osier & Hammond Trust Comp- 
any; President, Winnipeg Electric Co; 
Director and Chairman of the Canadian 
Committee of the Hudson's Bay Company; 
Director of the Canadian Pacific Railway 
Co.; Director of the Dominion Bank; 
Director of the Northern Trusts Company; 
Director, Manitoba Bridge & Iron Works; 
Director of the Cockshutt Plow Company; 
Director of the Ogilvie Flour Mills Company; 
Director of the Canadian Starch Company; 
and Director of the Guarantee Company of 
North America. Few men have been so 
closely identified with the commercial and 
industrial development of Canada, particu- 
larly that section of it in which he resides; 
and when on June 4th, 1917, he was created 
a Knight Bachelor, the honor was univers- 



ally regarded as well-bestowed. Knight of 
Grace of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem (July, 1914). In connec- 
tion with the Victory Loans of 1917 and 1918, 
Sir Augustus rendered signal service to the 
Government of Canada, by organizing their 
flotation in the West, with magnificent 
results. He is a member of the following 
Clubs: Manitoba (Winnipeg); St. Charles 
Country; Winnipeg Hunt; Mount Royal 
(Montreal); York and Toronto in the latter 
named city; and Rideau (Ottawa). He is 
a Conservative in politics and an Anglican 
in religion. He is married and has three 
sons and three daughters, and resides at 
229 Rosyln Road, Winnipeg. 

Rogers, Albert S. (Toronto, Ont.), was 
born in North York in 1860, the son of the 
late Samuel Rogers, founder of the Queen 
City Oil Co., Ltd., and was educated at the 
Newmarket High School. He married Mary 
E., daughter of Joseph E. Elsworth, of New 
York City, by whom he has two sons J. D. 
Elsworth and Edward S., and one daughter, 
Katherine. Interested in petroleum and na- 
tural gas, Mr. Rogers was Vice-President and 
General Manager of the Queen City Oil Co., 
Ltd., of Toronto merged into the Imperial 
Oil Company in 1912 before retiring from 
active business. He is Director of the 
Imperial Oil Co., Ltd., and Vice- 
President of Harris & Company, Wool- 
len Manufacturers, Rockwood. Mr. Rogers 
is also Chairman and Treasurer of the Board 
of Management of Pickering College, New- 
market, near which he owns and operates a 
farm that affords a country outlook to the 
students. He is a member of the National 
Club and Lambton Golf and Country Club, 
of Toronto, as also of the Toronto Board of 
Trade and the York Pioneers. In religion he 
belongs to the Society of Friends. 

Scott, F. Stewart, M.P. (Gait, Ont.). 
Born August 23rd, 1879 at Gait, Ont. Son 
of Frank A. Scott and Mary Stewart, both 
Canadians . Parents are of Scotch parentage . 
Educated at Gait Public and High Schools. 
Married in April, 1904 to Minnie L., daughter 
of William Weir, of Gait, Ont., and has three 
children, Kathleen, Stewart A., and Isobel 
Scott. He is a successful manufacturer 
and public spirited citizen. He is president 
of the Getty & Scott Limited, Boot and Shoe 
Manufacturers; President of Scott-Cham- 
berlain Limited, Ontario; and President of 
the Shoe Manufacturers' Association of 
Canada. Was a member of the Gait Muni- 



183 



cipal Council for seven years, serving two 
years as Mayor. He is a member of The 
Business Men's Club and Waterloo County 
Golf Club. In religion he is a Presbyterian. 
Was first elected to the House of Commons 
in 1915 as Conservative member for South 
Waterloo and re-elected at the general ele- 
tions in 1917. The member for South Water- 
loo is a man of many activities and large 
commercial interests in which he displays 
marked energy. He is a good platform 
speaker and is recognized as one of the most 
progressive and popular citizens of his home 
city. 

Dollard, Rev. James B M is one of the 

most distinguished lyric poets of the day, 
whose residence in this country must be 
regarded as fortunate for the cause of Cana- 
dian letters, though he is not a native of this 
country. He was born in Kilkenny County, 
Ireland, on August 30th, 1872, the son of 
Michael Dollard a farmer and Anastasia 
(Quinn) Dollard. He was not without Cana- 
dian connections, however, since a grand 
uncle, Bishop Dollard of Fredericton, N.B., 
had had a distinguished career in the Roman 
Catholic Church in this country. His early 
education was received in Kilkenny and he 
later qualified for admission to the priest- 
hood at the Grand Seminary, Montreal, 
Canada. He holds the scholastic degrees 
of Bachelor of Theology, Bachelor of Canon 
Law, and Doctor of Letters (Laval Uni- 
versity). He was ordained as a priest in 
1896 and his later years have been spent in 
the city of Toronto, where he is now parish 
priest of St. Monica 's Church, 44 Broadway 
Avenue. Despite the duties of a hard-work- 
ing clergyman, zealous for the welfare of his 
parish, he has employed his limited leisure in 
literary activity which has won him fame 
on both sides of the Atlantic. He has pub- 
lished three volumes of poems and one book 
of short stories. His literary work is nearly 
all Irish in theme and inspiration ; for he has 
never forgotten the happy days he spent as 
a lad in the beautiful isle that holds the 
enduring love of so many patriots, whose 
duties have called them far from its shores. 
The growth of his fame as a lyric poet is 
the more notable in that he is of modest, 
retiring nature and has never sought pub- 
licity of any kind. Irish legend and Irish 
scenery are woven by him into the most 
delicate and rhythmical verse verse that 
is instinct with music, and alive with lovely 
imagery. One tribute to him from the pen 
of the late Joyce Kilmer, himself a poet of 



distinction and prior to his death with the 
American troops at Chateau Thierry, the 
literary critic of the New York " Times, " may 
be quoted. Of the poem "Fairy Anvils" 
which appears in the volume entitled " Irish 
Lyrics and Ballads," Kilmer wrote: "Here 
is some genuine Celtic magic a beautiful 
blend of melody and fancy. It should be 
set to music the words almost carry a tune 
with them and sung by John McCormack. " 
The same tribute could be paid to many 
other lyrics by Father Dollard. He is a 
member of the Poetry Society of America 
and of the Arts and Letters Club, Toronto. 

Robertson, Edward Blake, Scotch ori- 
gin, born at Lanark, Ont., February 27th, 
1877; youngest son of Wm. Robertson and 
Marian Watt. Went with parents to Mani- 
toba in 1879. Educated at Pilot Mound 
public and high schools and Winnipeg Normal 
Schools. Taught in Manitoba public schools 
for six years. Appointed Chief Clerk for 
Manitoba in connection with the decennial 
census of 1901. Married on December 25th, 
1901, Christina Isola, daughter of Wm. 
Wrixon. Has one son, Blake Roscoe, born 
November 2nd, 1902. Resigned from the 
Dominion service August, 1903, to enter the 
employ of Sir Clifford Sifton in a private 
capacity. Appointed Assistant Superinten- 
dent of Immigration in December, 1904, and 
Assistant Chief Controller of Chinese Immi- 
gration in October, 1911. In connection 
with his official duties he travelled exten- 
sively in Canada, United States and >reat 
Britain. Of him the Manitoba Free Press 
says: "He has been recognized for some 
years as one of the leading authorities on 
immigration in the Dominion, while his 
administrative ability has been generally 
acknowledged. " Resigned from the Depart- 
ment of Immigration & Colonization in 
February, 1919, to accept a position in Ot- 
tawa with the Canadian Manufacturers 
Association. Recreations: fishing, hunting 
and motor boating. Residence 347b Ken- 
niston Apartments, Ottawa. Clubs: Laur- 
entian, Canadian and Brittania Boating Club. 

Chaplin, James D., M.P. (St. Catharines, 
Ont.), was born at Toronto on March 20, 
1863. Son of William and Harriet Chaplin. 
Educated at the Public Schools and St. 
Catharines Collegiate Institute, and after a 
thorough business training became a promi- 
nent manufacturer in St. Catharines. His 
business interests are very extensive and the 
companies with which he is connected are 



184 







LIEUT.-COL. JAMES W. WOODS 
Ottawa 



widely known throughout Canada. He is 
President of the Welland Vale Manufactur- 
ing Company, Ltd., which makes hand agri- 
cultural implements; President of the Chap- 
lin Wheel Company, Ltd.; President of the 
Canada Axe and Harvest Tool Company, 
and President of the Wallingford Manufac- 
turing Company, Ltd. Despite his commer- 
cial activities he has found time to take a 
prominent part in public affairs. He was a 
municipal councillor for four years, and in 
the autumn of 1917 was selected as Unionist 
candidate for the riding of Lincoln. At the 
ensuing Federal elections in December he was 
elected by a handsome majority as a sup- 
porter of Sir Robert Borden, and is regarded 
as one of the ablest members of the Ottawa 
House. Previously he had been known as a 
Conservative and a few years ago was ap- 
pointed a member of the Queen Victoria 
Niagara Falls Park Commission, which has 
charge of the Canadian side of that famous 
international waterway. He is a member of 
the A.F. & A.M. and of the St. Catharines 
Club, and Canada Club, Montreal. In re- 
ligion he is a Presbyterian and in 1888 mar- 
ried Edna E., daughter of the late Colin 
Burgess of Toronto, by whom he has one 
son and two daughters. 

Creelman, Lieut. -Colonel John Jen- 
nings, D.S.O., Advocate and barrister, 
Montreal, is one of the most distinguished, 
of the Canadian soldiers who won honors 
in the late war and also holds high rank in 
the legal profession. He was born in Toronto 
on Feb. 14th, 1881, the son of the late Adam 
R. Creelman, K.C. one of the leaders of the 
Canadian bar, who became Chief Counsel 
of the Canadian Pacific Railroad, and one of 
the directors of that corporation. His 
mother was Margaret Jennings, daughter of 
the late Rev. Dr. John Jennings of Toronto, 
one of the best known pulpit orators of his 
day . The sub j ect of this sketch was educated 
at Upper Canada College, Toronto, and the 
University of Toronto, from which he gradu- 
ated with the degree of B. A. in 1904. Subse- 
quently he qualified for the law at McGill 
University, Montreal, and obtained the 
degree of B.C.L. in 1907. This was sup- 
plemented by a post-graduate course at the 
University of Grenoble, France. Subse- 
quently he became a member of the legal 
firm of Casgrain, Mitchell, McDougall & 
Creelman, and is now in practice alone 
with offices in the Dominion Express 
Bldg., Montreal. He was also Lecturer on 
Railway Economics at McGill University in 



1913 and 1914. From early manhood Col. 
Creelman took an active part in military 
affairs and was a member of the Canadian 
Coronation Contingent in 1911. He was 
gazetted a Lieutenant-Colonel of the Cana- 
dian Field Artillery on Oct. 26th, 1912. On 
the outbreak of the war he at once placed his 
services at the disposal of the Government 
and went overseas as Lieut.-Colonel, com- 
manding the Second Brigade, C.F.A., and 
continued in service until Sept. 9, 1917. 
During twenty-five months' service in France 
he took part in many notable engagements 
with the Canadian Expeditionary Force and 
was twice mentioned in despatches. He was 
once officially reported wounded (shell shock) 
on April 29th, 1915. His services were recog- 
nized by the coveted Distinguished Service 
Order and the Russian Order of St. Stanislas 
(3rd class with swords). A movement hav- 
ing arisen in Montreal for the betterment of 
municipal politics, he was induced in April 
1918, to run for the city council and was 
elected. He has since proven a very valuable 
member of that body. In June, 1918, he was 
appointed a member of the Protestant 
Board of School Commissioners. His busi- 
ness interests are also extensive, and he is a 
director of several companies. In religion 
he is a Presbyterian and in politics a 
Liberal, and his recreations are golf, 
curling and fishing. He is a member of the 
following clubs: Mount Royal, University 
(Montreal), Royal Montreal Golf, Montreal 
Thistle (curling), Reform (Montreal), Uni- 
versity (Toronto), and Junior Army and 
Navy (London, Eng.). On June 24th, 1908, 
he married Katherine Melanie Weekes (died 
Dec. 13, 1918), daughter of Nicholas Weekes 
of Galveston, Texas, retired banker and 
railway president. He has two children, John 
Ashmore Creelman, born 1912, and Katharine 
Margaret Creelman, born 1918. 

Fisher, His Honor Walter George 

(Orangeville, Ontario), County Judge of the 
County of Dufferin, was born in Township 
of Tossoronto, County of Simcoe, and is the 
son of John Fisher. Educated at Colling- 
wood High School and McGill University, 
Montreal. On being called to the Bar in 
1886, he at once commenced the practice of 
his profession at the Town of Alliston, in 
partnership with W. A. J. Bell, K.C., and 
continued to do with much success until his 
appointment to the bench in September, 
1913. Judge Fisher took an active part in 
the municipal politics of his home town, of 
which he was Mayor. He married Mary 



185 



Towler and is the father of two children, 
Allan, a member of the Canadian Expedi- 
tionary Force at the front, and Dorothy, at 
home. Judge Fisher is a member of the 
Masonic Order and in religion is a Methodist. 
He has been prominent in all movements of a 
Patriotic and National nature and took a 
lively interest in recruiting the battalion 
which was identified with the County of 
Dufferin (the 164th). His services have been 
in great demand at all public meetings in- 
tended for the purpose of promoting recruit- 
ing and the national welfare. He is also a 
member of the Canadian Club of Orange ville. 
The Judge is an ardent motorist and a keen 
curler, and a member of the Orangeville 
Lawn Bowling Club. 

Burgoyne, William Bartlett (St. Cath- 
arines, Ont.), one of the best known news- 
paper editors and publishers of Canada, was 
born in the city where he resides, on August 
2, 1855, the son of Henry and Martha Bur- 
goyne. His father was a builder and con- 
tractor and the son was educated at the Pub- 
lic Schools of St. Catharines. Leaving at 
the age of 12, he shortly afterward entered 
the printing business, with which he has now 
been connected for upwards of 50 years. In 
January of 1887 he founded the St. Cath- 
arines "Evening Star," and in 1892 became 
proprietor and publisher of the St. Catharines 
"Daily Standard," one of the livest and most 
influential newspapers to be found in the 
smaller cities of Canada. Apart from his 
journalistic activities Mr. Burgoyne has been 
a very active factor in the civic life of his 
native place. He was Alderman in 1895-6, 
1898, 1900, 1912-3-4-5, Mayor of the city in 
1903, and later, in 1916 and 1917. He was 
also Chairman of the local Hydro-Electric 
Commission, 1916-7, and also of the Local 
Board of Health for the same years. He was 
Chairman of the St. Catharines Roads Com- 
mission, 1918, and a member of the Collegiate 
Institute Board. In all efforts in behalf of 
temperance he has been active for many 
years. He was G.W.P. of the Grand Divi- 
sion of Ontario, Sons of Temperance, 1898-9; 
M.W.A. of the National Division of North 
America in the same organization, 1902-4, 
and M.W.P. in 1904-6. He represented the 
National Division of North America, S. of 
T. at the fifty-first session of the National 
Division of Great Britain and Ireland at Hull, 
England, June, 1906. His chief hobby is 
illustrated by the fact that he has been 
President of the St. Catharines Horticultural 
Society for fifteen years (1904 to 1918) and 



was the first President of the Ontario Horti- 
cultural Association, 1906-7. He was Chair- 
man of the Daily Newspaper Section of the 
Canadian Press Association in 1908; Presi- 
dent of St. Catharines Board of Trade, 1911; 
and a member of the Executive Council, 
Associated Boards of Trade of Ontario, 1914- 
15. In politics he is a Conservative and in 
religion an Anglican. He was lay delegate 
to the Synod of Niagara, 1917-19 and is a 
member of the Standing Committee of that 
body. He is a member of many fraternal 
and benevolent societies, including the A.F. 
& A.M., L.O.A.B.A., C.O.C.F., C.O.H.C., 
and A.O.U.W. On June 16, 1880, he mar- 
ried Mary Lavinia, daughter of George and 
Margaret E. Darker, of Thorold, Ont., and 
has had three children, Clara E., Mary 
Estelle (deceased), and Major Henry B. 
Burgoyne, O.C. of the 71st Battery, Can- 
adian Field Artillery. 

Drysdale, William, Appraiser with His 
Majesty's Customs, Montreal, Que., was 
born in that city, April 17th, 1847. His 
father, Adam Drysdale, a native of Dunferm- 
line, Scotland, settled in Canada during the 
first half of the nineteenth century and for a 
long period held a post in the civil service con- 
ferred on him by Lord Elgin, during the period 
when that celebrated British pro-consul was 
Governor of the old Province of United 
Canada. The father of Adam Drysdale was 
one of the first persons to engage in the ship- 
ping trade between Canada and Scotland 
and was one of the earliest shippers to make 
use of the Port of Montreal. The subject of 
this sketch was educated at Montreal in 
the private school of Mr. Hicks (who later 
became the first principal of the Normal 
School in that city), and received a thorough 
commercial training. On leaving school he 
entered the employ of the late John Dougall, 
who was at that time publishing the " Weekly 
Witness" and also engaged in the. book 
business. The aptitude of young Drysdale 
was such that he was almost immediately 
placed by Mr. Dougall in charge of the book 
department. After a short time his services 
were sought by Mr. Grafton, another book- 
seller, with whom he remained as confi- 
dential manager until 1874 when he founded 
a book business of his own, which became a 
celebrated institution in Montreal. Owing 
to his excellent training and personal popu- 
larity he soon built up a business second 
to none in the Dominion. Mr. Drysdale also 
rendered a public service in publishing a 
number of Canadian works which are now of 



186 






great historic value. Later he retired from 
business to accept his present post with the 
Customs Service. As a citizen he gave his 
support to all movements looking to public 
betterment, and to philanthropic institu- 
tions. He is a Life Governor of the Boys' 
Home and a member of the executive 
of the Natural History Society, Prison Aid 
Association, Charitable Committee of St. 
Andrew's Society Canadian Club, Montreal 
Art Association, Imperial Home Re-union 
Association, Numismatic and Antiquarian 
Society. He is a life member of the Mechanics' 
Institute, Governor of the Montreal Dispen- 
sary, and one of the most active supporters 
of the Protestant Home for the Insane. He 
has long been a member of the Montreal 
Board of Trade and an elder of the Presby- 
terian Church, who has frequently been 
commissioner to the General Assembly. Mr. 
Drysdale was first married in 1880 to Miss 
Mary Maltbee Wales, daughter of the late 
Charles Wales, merchant of St. Andrew's 
East. The first Mrs. Drysdale died in 1891 
leaving him two sons, William Flockhart 
Drysdale, Mechanical Engineer with the 
American Locomotive Sales Corporation; 
and Charles Wales Drysdale, Geologist to 
the Dominion Geological Survey, Ottawa. He 
was married a second time in 1893 to Miss 
Mary Mclntosh of Sherbrooke, who died in 
1907; and thirdly in 1916 to Miss Jean Parker, 
daughter of Archibald Parker of Glasgow, 
Scotland. He resides at "The Grosvenor, " 
756 Sherbrooke St., Montreal. Duncan 
MacGregor Crerar, a New York poet, sums 
up Mr. Drysdale 's character in the following 
lines: 

Some are while careful of their own affairs, 
And when successfully amassing wealth, 
Who oft-times will withdraw, as if by 

stealth 

To render good to others unawares. 
Well known to them the haunts of poverty, 
Clothed are the naked, and the hungry fed, 
Oft take they place beside the 

patient's bed 

To cheer sad hours ; to soothe keen agony. 
These are earth's salt they labor with a 

mind, 

Distress relieving, lessening human woe ; 
In all their actions earnest, gentle, kind, 
Leaving sweet impress whereso 'er they go. 
Theirs Heaven's reward; a crown upon each 

brow, 

Warm hearted DRYSDALE ! such a man 
art thou ! 



Walker, William Simpson, K.C. (Mon- 
treal, Que.), is the son of the late John and 
Janet Simpson, Scotland, Ont., and was born 
in Brantford, Ont., April 13, 1849. He was 
educated at Scotland Grammar School and 
McGill University, from which he graduated 
with the degree of B.C.L. in 1874, and mar- 
ried Sarah, youngest daughter of the late 
David Perney, Waterford, Ont., by whom he 
has three children, Grace E., Fred. W., now 
Vice- President and Managing Director of the 
Hudson Bay Ins. Co., Vancouver, B.C., and 
Helen E. Walker. In his early years Mr. 
Walker taught in the Public Schools of Brant 
and Norfolk Counties, Ont., and in the Mon- 
treal Academy, also acting as legal reporter 
for the "Montreal Herald." Among other 
offices held by the subject of this sketch at 
various times are those of Secretary of the 
Royal Commission on the Paper Combine; 
Secretary-Treasurer to the Protestant School 
Commissioners, Town and Parish of Longue- 
uil, Que. ; Secretary of the McGill University 
Literary Society; President of the Longueuil 
Boating Club; Hon. President of the 
Longueuil Cricket Club; Member of the 
Westmount Lawn Bowling Club; First Vice- 
President of the Caledonian Society, Mon- 
treal; Treasurer of the Mechanics' Institute, 
Montreal; for many years Secretary of the 
Young Men's Reform Association and latterly 
of the Reform Club, Montreal; a Freemason 
of high degree, and a P.D.D. of both the In- 
dependent Order of Foresters and the Can- 
adian Order of Foresters. A member of the 
Church of England. Mr. Walker is a Liberal 
in politics and an " out and out believer in the 
late Sir Wilfrid Laurier." He was called to the 
Bar of the Province of Quebec in July, 1874, 
as an Advocate and Barrister, having been 
articled to Sir Charles Davidson, ex-Chief 
Justice Province of Quebec, and successfully 
practising his profession in the city of Mon- 
treal since that time. Has delivered lectures 
and read papers before numerous societies in 
Montreal, amongst others, upon the follow- 
ing subjects: "Nothing New," "People I 
Have Met," "Woman as An Inventor," 
"Lord Elgin in Canada," "Scottish Super- 
stition," "Scotsman in Canada," "What We 
Want," "The Fathers of Confederation," 
"Masonry and Its Philosophy" and 
"Universal Language." In 1897 he was ap- 
pointed head of the English Department of 
Judgments, Superior Court, and Deputy 
Prothonotary of the Superior Court, Mon- 
treal. Three years later he was appointed 
Deputy Registrar of the Exchequer Court by 
the Dominion Government, and Commis- 



187 



sioner Supreme Court of Canada; was named 
King's Counsel in 1913, in which year he also 
received the appointment of Registrar of 
Deeds for the Western Division of the City 
of Montreal (Montreal West) and is, to-day, 
a Justice of the Peace for the District of 
Montreal. Mr. Walker has been in partner- 
ship, successively, with the late Joseph 
Doutre, Q.C., John A. Perkins, Hon, J. E. 
Robidoux, Hon. M. Hutchinson and D. 
MacMaster, K.C., 90 Arlington Ave., West- 
mount. "A man highly respected" Mon- 
treal Stai. 

Hopkins, Innes, 3738 Selkirk Avenue, 
Shaughnessy Heights, Vancouver, B.C., 
Managing Director of the B.C. Marine 
Limited, one of the oldest established ship- 
repairing firms on the Pacific Coast, is a son 
of John Castell Hopkins, who was born and 
educated in Edinburgh, a direct descendant 
of Samson Hopkins of Coventry, Co. War- 
wick, who died in 1662, and Sir William 
Hopkins, Knight of Coventry, Isle of Wight, 
knighted at Whitehall, 1623 Motto, Suavi- 
tate. Aut. Vi. (other particulars see ' 'Armory 
and Lineage of Canada, 1913"). His mother 
is Trianda Phelia Boyd Heu de Bourck, 
daughter of Rev. W. H. Heu de Bourck of 
Tiverton, England. The subject of this 
sketch was born at Douglas, Wellington 
Co.,- Ont., and was educated in private 
schools. He has been a resident of Van- 
couver since 1914, at which time he became 
interested in the B.C. Marine Limited. He 
is also President of the Vancouver Forge 
Co. Ltd.; a member of the Vancouver Board 
of Trade, Manufacturers Association, Em- 
ployers Association of B.C., Vancouver 
Automobile Club, Vancouver Club and 
Terminal City Club, and a member of the 
Masonic Order. His recreations are motoring 
and tennis, and in politics he is a Conserva- 
tive. In religion, Mr. Hopkins is an Anglican, 
and on Feb. 3, 1909, married a daughter of 
Mr. R. W. F. Martin, broker, of Seattle, 
Wash., by whom he has two children, Alice 
Cecil, born Dec. 13, 1910, and Robert Innes, 
born Oct. 19,1912. 

Rose, William Oliver, J.P., M.D., 
M.P.P. for Nelson in the British Columbia 
Legislature, is a native of Lakeville, Prince 
Edward Island, where he was born, February 
10, 1870, the son of William and Charity 
(Baker) Rose. His father was a farmer and 
he was educated at Prince of Wales College, 
Charlottetown, P.E.I., and McGill Univer- 
sity, Montreal. From the latter institution 



he graduated in 1898 with the degree of 
M.D.C.M. and was also Holmes Gold Medal- 
list in this year. For twelve months he filled 
the post of Senior House Surgeon at the 
Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, and in 
1899 went to British Columbia as Superin- 
tendent of the Kootenay Lake Hospital at 
Nelson, B.C., In 1900 he entered general 
practice at Nelson as a member of the firm 
of Rose & Hall, Physicians and Surgeons, 
which subsequently, in 1908, became Rose 
& Hartin, as at present. He was elected 
Mayor of his city in 1903 and, subsequently, 
in 1907, returned to municipal life as an 
Alderman, an office he has filled ever since. 
At the Provincial Elections of Sept. 14, 1916, 
he was Conservative candidate for the riding 
of Nelson, and carried the constituency. He 
has been a Justice of the Peace for his dis- 
trict since 1903 and for a time was Medical 
Officer of the 102nd Royal Mounted Rifles. 
His recreations are motoring and boating, 
and he is a member of many fraternal orders 
including the K.P., L.O.L-, S.O.E., C.O.F., 
I.O.F., B.P.O.E., etc. He is a Baptist in 
religion and on August 28, 1901, married Azza 
Jean, daughter of John Brownell of Worcester, 
Mass. He resides at 907 Vernon St., Nelson, 
B.C. 

McQuarrie, William Garland, K.C., 

M.P. for New Westminster, B.C., is regarded 
as one of the most able and aggressive of the 
younger members of the Canadian House of 
Commons. He was born at Ottawa, July 26th, 
1876, the son of Lachlan and Mary McQuarrie. 
When he was but a child his father, 
who was a prominent contractor, moved 
to the West, residing first at Winnipeg and 
later at New Westminster ; and the education 
of the subject of this sketch was obtained at 
the public and high schools of those cities. 
Subsequently he studied law at Osgoode 
Hall, Toronto, and was called to the 
Bar of British Columbia in 1900. He first 
practised at Ashcroft, B.C., with Mr. 
Denis (now Mr. Justice) Murphy, but return- 
ing to New Westminster in 1902, became a 
member of the firm of Morrison, Whiteside, 
McQuarrie & Briggs, of which the senior 
partner was Mr. (now Mr. Justice) Morrison. 
Later the firm became known as Martin, Weart 
& McQuarrie, and was headed by Hon. Joseph 
Martin, K.O., for a time Premier of British 
Columbia and afterward a member for St. 
Pancras in the British House of Commons. 
Subsequently Mr. F. C. Wade, K.C., the pres- 
ent Agent-General of British Columbia in Lon- 
don, became head of the firm, which was then 



188 



known as Wade, Whealler, McQuarrie & 
Martin. In 1912 Mr. McQuarrie founded 
his present firm which is known as McQuarrie, 
Martin, Cassady & Macgowan. Mr. Mc- 
Quarrie is a well-known expert in municipal 
law and is solicitor for the City of New West- 
minster and for the municipalities of Burnaby, 
Coquitlam, Delta, Kent and Surrey. He has 
frequently been heard before the Dominion 
Railway Commission, both in British Col- 
umbia and at Ottawa, and represented New 
Westminster in the big litigation over the 
Coquitlam dam, in which the city's water 
supply was at stake. One of his most notable 
battles was that in which he represented his 
city and other municipalities in a demand on 
the Canadian Northern Railway for back 
taxes,in which nearly a quarter of a million dol- 
lars was involved and in which he was victori- 
ous. He has also figured as counsel in several 
important murder and treason trials as Crown 
Counsel. In the latter capacity he has 
acted very frequently ever since 1904 and his 
abilities as a criminal lawyer have proven 
exceptional. In January of the present year 
(1919) he was created King's Counsel by the 
Oliver Government though an opponent of it 
in politics. Mr. McQuarrie is a Conservative 
Unionist, and was President of the New 
Westminster Federal Conservative Associa- 
tion in 1916 and 1917. In the latter year he 
accepted the Unionist nomination for New 
Westminster and scored a victory at the polls. 
Since entering the House of Commons he has 
made his mark as a sound and effective 
speaker and is generally regarded as a coming 
man in Canadian politics. His chief recre- 
ation is golf and he is a member of the West- 
minster Club; the Vancouver Club; Jericho 
Country Club (Vancouver) ; Vancouver Golf 
and Country Club; Rideau Club, Ottawa; 
Societies :A.F.& A. M., I.O.O.F., and the Sons 
of Scotland. In religion he is a Presbyterian. 
On Feb. 18th, 1907, married Elsie Owen, 
daughter of D. H. Macgowan, Coal Merchant, 
New Westminster, B.C. His children are 
Mary F. C., born July 12th, 1908, and Colin 
D., born Nov. 2nd, 1911. His address is 
207 3rd. Ave., New Westminster, B.C. 

Regan, Frank (Toronto, Ont.), son of the 
late Denis H. Regan and Mary (Hennessy). 
Born at Murray, Township, County of North- 
umberland, Ont., on November 27th, 1885. 
Educated at Trenton High School and 
Osgoode Hall, Toronto. On being called to 
the Bar in 1916, having studied in the law 
office of A. Abbott, Trenton, and Corley, 
Wilkie & Company, Toronto, he entered into 



partnership with the late Leon LeVernois, 
the firm being known as Regan & LeVernois, 
which partnership continued until Mr. 
LeVernois left to enter a legal firm in Perth, 
Ont., in 1918, since which time Mr. Regan 
has practised on his own account. He is 
well versed in commercial law and enjoys a 
lucrative practice, being solicitor for several 
well known corporations. Mr. Regan is 
a Roman Catholic in religion and a member 
of the Knights of Columbus and has long 
been identified with the Liberal party. Mr. 
Regan was a prominent worker in all patriotic 
movements during the war and was an 
active committee man and canvasser in the 
Red Cross and Sailors appeals and the 
Victory Loan drives. Mr. Regan was a 
great admirer and a personal friend of the 
late Sir Wilfrid Laurier, and was a repre- 
sentative of the Central Liberal Association 
at the public funeral of the Great Statesman 
in February of 1919. He is a member of sev- 
eral Clubs and Secretary of the Central 
Liberal Association. Mr. Regan is inter- 
ested in the Agricultural industry, his father 
having been a prominent farmer of North- 
umberland County, and finds recreation in 
motoring, hunting and golf. He is a man of 
good address and remarkable energy and is 
extremely popular among a very large circle. 

Hamilton, Ralph Bergen, M.E. (St. 

Catharines, Ont.), was born at Toledo, Ohio, 
on April llth, 1875, son of John Allen and 
Harriet Hale (Rowland) Hamilton. His 
early education was obtained at the Public 
Schools at Saginaw, Mich., and, deciding to 
acquire a knowledge of mechanical science 
he took a course at the Polyteknik, Dresden, 
Germany. This was supplemented by an 
engineering course at Cornell University, 
Ithaca, N.Y., from which he graduated in 
1896 with the degree of M.E. In the same 
year he began his professional career as a 
draughtsman with the Buffalo Engineering 
Co., Buffalo, N.Y., and his successive 
appointments have been as follows: Assis- 
tant Engineer, Howard Iron Works, Buffalo, 
1897-8; Assistant Manager Iroquois Iron 
Works, Buffalo, 1899-1900; Acting Manager 
Packard Electric Co. Ltd., St. Catharines, 
Ont., 1901; Secretary-Treasurer and General 
Manager, 1901, 1912; and the latter year he 
became President of the Packard Electric Co., 
Ltd., retaining the post of General Manager. 
He is a former director of the Rochester 
"Times" Publishing Co., and also of the Mc- 
Millan Springs Co. After coming to St. Cath- 
arines to reside he soon began to take part in 



189 



public affairs. He was President of the 
St. Catharines Board of Trade, 1906-7, and 
during the recent war was prominent in the 
promotion of patriotic objects. He was a 
member of the Finance Committee of the 
Patriotic League, Chairman of the Manufac- 
turers' Committee of the Recruiting League, 
and was appointed by the Imperial Munitions 
Board, a special representative on investiga- 
tion pertaining to the manufacture of muni- 
tions. He is an ex-member of the Executive 
Board of the Canadian Manufacturers Asso- 
ciation. In addition to the business in- 
terests already mentioned he is President of 
the Precision Manufacturing Company, St. 
Catharines; President of the Cary Safe Co., 
Buffalo, N.Y., and President of the Packard 
Fuse Co., Ltd., S*. Catharines, and President 
of Canadian Standard Products, Limited, St. 
Catharines. Mr. Hamilton is a member of 
the following Clubs: National, Toronto; Uni- 
versity, Buffalo; Alpha Delta Phi, New York; 
Ellicott, Buffalo; Little Saguenay Game and 
Fish Club. He is also a member of the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers 
and an Associate of the American Institute 
of Electrical Engineers. In 1899 he married 
Edith Raphael, daughter of Gersham A. 
Seixas, New York, and has three sons and 
one daughter. 

Connolly, Bernard Gervase, M.B., 
M.C.P.S.O., Gen'l Manager of the Capital 
Trust Corporation of Ottawa, and Medical 
Referee of the Capital Life Assurance Co., 
was born in Trenton, Ont., December 5th, 
1865, educated at the Roman Catholic Sep- 
arate School and the High School and subse- 
quently graduated with degree of M.B. in 
1896 from Toronto University. He is the 
son of Bernard and Catharine (Murray) 
Connolly. Dr. Connolly started life as a 
teacher in the Public Schools in Ontario and 
later as a teacher in the Institution for the 
Blind, Brantford, where he remained for 
four years. He followed the Medical Pro- 
fession at Renfrew for seventeen years, where, 
despite his large practice, he found time for 
various other activities. He was Coroner, 
served on the Collegiate Institute Board, 
Library Board, Hospital Board, and any 
movement for the improvement of the com- 
munity got his ready and hearty support. 
Being an enthusiastic Liberal, he 
was chosen Standard Bearer of 
the Reform Party in the Provincial 
Elections of 1908, when, although defeated, 
he polled a large vote. In 1906 and 1907 he 
was Provincial Chief Ranger of the Catholic 



Order of Foresters. He served as Medical 
Officer of the 42nd Regiment of Infantry for 
some years, retiring with the rank of Captain. 
Since his arrival in Ottawa and as General 
Manager of the Capital Trust Corporation, 
Dr. Connolly 's career has been conspicuously 
successful. Under his capable management 
the Capital Trust Corporation has made 
rapid progress and is to-day one of the leading 
financial institutions in the Capital of the 
Dominion of Canada. In 1900 he married 
Anna Mary Devine, daughter of Felix Devine 
of Renfrew. In religion he is a Roman 
Catholic; in politics a Liberal, and he resides 
at the Roxborough Apartments, Ottawa. 

Callahan, John (Toronto, Ont.), son of 
Thomas Henry Callahan and Henrietta 
(McKanna) of Wooler, Ont., was born at 
Murray Township, County of Northumber- 
land, Ont., April 7th, 1891. Educated at 
the Wooler Public School, Trenton High 
School and Osgoode Hall, Toronto. On being 
called to the Bar in May, 1916, he entered 
into partnership with Messrs. Douglas & 
Gibson, the firm being known as Douglas, 
Gibson & Callahan, which partnership con- 
tinued until November, 1919, when he com- 
menced practice on his own account. Mr. 
Callahan, although under thirty has already 
attained an assured position in his chosen 
profession. He has paid special attention to 
Company law and is solicitor for several 
large commercial corporations. Mr. Calla- 
han is a Roman Catholic in religion and has 
for some years been identified with the 
Liberal party, taking a considerable interest 
in Federal politics. Having a pleasing 
address and good platform ability, his 
services were frequently requisitioned by his 
leaders. He is a member of the Ontario 
Club, Knights of Columbus ; President of The 
Newman Club and ex- President of the Alumni, 
President of Ward Four Liberal Association. 
Always interested in amateur sports, Mr. 
Callahan was prominent in football circles. 
He finds recreation in motoring, boating, 
bowling and golf. Mr. Callahan is related 
to Senator McCall of Australia and Mr. 
Justice Sharp of the Supreme Court of the 
State of Michigan, U.S.A. 

Crowther, William H. (Welland, Ont.), 
was born at Walsall, England, March 10th, 
1868, and educated in the Public Schools of 
that place. Son of Job and Sarah Crowther, 
his father being manager of the Rolling Mills 
at Walsall, England. He is one of the most 
progressive manufacturers of the City of 



190 



Welland and also operates a farm. Married 
in October, 1895, to Margaret Byers, daughter 
of Thomas Byers, of Hampden, County of 
Grey, Ont. Father of three sons. William 
Crowther, the eldest, was killed in action in 
the Great War on October 31st, 1917, at the 
age of twenty-one. As a Lieutenant in the 
10th Royal Flying Corps, he was engaged in 
photographing and observation work near 
La Bassee when he was shot down; 
Wilfred, in the Royal Air Force, 
was billeted for France when the 
Armistice was signed; Thomas Albert, 
and a daughter Dora Isabel. Mr. Crowther 
is a Presbyterian in religion and a Liberal in 
Politics and belongs to the following societies ; 
The Masonic Order, Sons of England, Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, Canadian Order 
of Foresters. He was a member of the town 
Council of Welland for twelve years and was 
Mayor for Welland for two years, 1909-10. 
Was an active member of the Patriotic Cam- 
paign Committee during the war and has been 
largely instrumental in contributing to the 
present prosperity of Welland, being Chair- 
man of the Waterworks and Sewers Com- 
mittees for two years, in each case. Ex- 
Mayor Crowther is recognized as one of Wel- 
land 's most public spirited and enterprising 
citizens. His recreations are lawn-bowling, 
he being a member of the Welland Club. 

Davidson, James Wheeler, F.R.C.S., 

801 Royal Avenue, Calgary, Alberta, is one 
of the contributing causes of the entente 
cordiale between Canada and the United 
States. In other words, he is an American 
who has "made good" in Canada, as he 
has elsewhere. Mr. Davidson was born 
at Austin, Minnesota, on June 14, 1872, his 
father being C. H. Davidson, a newspaper- 
man, and later, a banker. He was educated 
at Northwestern Military Academy, High- 
land Park, Illinois, where he graduated as 
Second Lieutenant in 1891. Mr. Davidson 
almost immediately embarked on a career 
of travel and adventure which was to bring 
him many honors. He was a member of 
the Peary Arctic Expedition of 1893 and 
1894, a war correspondent for the New 
York Herald with the Chinese army, and 
later with the Japanese army during the 
Japanese-Chinese war of 1895-1896, and a 
member of the American foreign service 
stationed in Formosa, China, Manchuria, 
also American Consul-General at Shanghai 
and a special agent department of state 
between years 1896-1906. It was at this 
time that he became a member of the "Order 



of the Rising Sun" (Japanese), an honor not 
often accorded to foreigners. He was 
granted leave by the Department of State 
to serve on a special mission for the Russian 
Communication Department in Siberia, and 
was decorated by the Emperor of Japan for 
services rendered the Japanese army in the 
capture of the capital (Taipehfu) of Formosa. 
Under the Roosevelt administration he was 
a special agent of the Department of State, 
sent to Manila prior to Dewey's expedition 
to determine probable attitude of Philippine 
revolutionary party towards Americans. 
His knowledge of these countries enabled 
him to write an authoritative book on "The 
Island of Formosa, Past and Present," 
published by MacMillan & Co. He has also 
been a contributor to the Century Magazine 
on Siberia and Manchuria. Mr. Davidson 
is now treasurer of the Calgary Colonization 
Company, and Manager Beiseker & David- 
son Company, of Calgary. He is a member 
of the Ranchmen's Club, Calgary; the 
Manitoba Club, of Winnipeg; the Royal 
Geographical Society; the Explorer's Club, 
New York, and the Authors, London. He 
is a Protestant in religion, and professes no 
political creed. In 1906 he married Mabel 
Lillian Dow, daughter of George A. Dow, 
of San Francisco, president of the George A. 
Dow Pumping Engine Company. He has 
one child, Marjory Dow, born February 10, 
1915. 

Mackay, Hon. Col. Alexander Howard. 

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, is one of Canada's 
most prominent educationists. Bora of 
Scotch- Canadian parents, John Mackay and 
Barbara Maclean, at North Mount Dalhousie, 
Pictou County, Nova Scotia, on May 19, 
1848, Colonel Mackay early demonstrated 
his educational ability. He began his 
education in the public schools, then went 
to Pictou Academy, to Normal College, and 
to Dalhousie University, from which he 
graduated with a B.A. degree in 1873. He 
received his degree of B.Sc. at Halifax 
University in 1880; his LL-D. from Halifax 
in 1892, and from St. Francois Xavier 
University in 1905. In 1882 he married 
Maude Augusta, daughter of Dr. George 
Moir Johnstone of Pictou, N.S., and has 
two children, George Moir Johnstone and 
Barbara Lois, born in 1883 and in 1886 
respectively. Colonel Mackay is a life 
member of the Royal Colonial Institute, 
London, England; a member of the Author's 
Club, London, England, and of the Halifax 
Club, Nova Scotia. He is also a member of 



191 



the Royal Society of Canada and of the 
Biological and Geographic Boards of Canada. 
In religion he is a Presbyterian, of the United 
Church of Canada, and in politics he is 
non-partisan, but a strong Imperialist. He 
was made an honorary colonel in 1912 and 
was a member of the Dominion Cadet Com- 
mittee which had the honor of introducing 
the present military training system into 
the schools of Canada in 1908. Colonel 
Mackay is now superintendent of education 
for the province of Nova Scotia. He began 
as a teacher in the public schools of Pictou 
and then became lecturer in biology at the 
medical college of Dalhousie University, 
and his subsequent career is a long list of 
educational honors. He is Past President 
of the Educational Association of Nova 
Scotia, of Dominion Educational Associa- 
tion, of Summer School of Science for Atlantic 
Provinces, of Nova Scotia Institute of Science, 
of Section IV. of the Royal Society of Canada ; 
President of Victoria School of Art and 
Design; Vice-President of Simplified Spelling 
Board; member of the Geographic Board of 
Canada; of the Biological Board of Canada, 
Governor of Dalhousie University, of Halifax 
Ladies' College; Senator of Presbyterian 
College; sometime editor of "Dalhousie Ga- 
zette," "Acadia Scientist," "Educational Re- 
view "; editor of "Journal of Education," etc., 
represented the province of Nova Scotia at 
the official Imperial educational conferences 
of the Education departments of the Empire 
in 1907 and 1911. Colonel Mackay has 
written extensively on educational subjects 
for a number of important magazines and 
periodicals. 

Whalen, George Frederick (Vancouver, 
B.C.), one of the leading figures in the pulp 
and paper industry of Canada, was born at 
Fort William, Ont., November 13, 1880, the 
son of Joseph and Alice Whalen. He was 
educated in the Separate School and High 
School of his native city, and commenced his 
business career in 1899 as a clerk in the 
Ontario Bank at the adjacent town of Port 
Arthur. After a year's experience he aban- 
doned banking for the lumber business, 
serving as a clerk in the camps of far-western 
Ontario from 1900 to 1902, and subsequently 
a Contractor for taking out timber from 1902 
to 1909. Incidentally he acquired a great 
deal of knowledge of the pulp industry, which 
at that time was beginning to assume large 
proportions in Canada, and in 1909 he was 
appointed Manager in charge of construc- 
tion and operation of the Sulphite Mill at 



Mill Creek, British Columbia. In that 
position he remained until 1917 when he 
became Vice-President and General Manager 
of the Whalen Pulp & Paper Mills, Ltd., 
which has its head offices in the Merchants 
Bank Building at Vancouver, B.C., and 
engages extensively in pulp and lumber 
manufacture on the Pacific Coast. The 
importance of this corporation, which was 
organized by the subject of this sketch, may 
be gauged from the figures of its capitaliza- 
tion: common stock $8,000,000; preferred 
stock (cumulative from January 1, 1918) 
$2,102,500; Fifteen year Six per cent. Bonds 
$2,000,000; Fifteen year Seven per cent. 
Debenture Stock, $1,500,000. Though young 
in years Mr. Whalen is recognized through- 
out Canada and the United States as one of 
the most able and progressive figures in 
an industry that enters very largely into the 
life of every community. His recreations 
are golf, fishing, motoring and hunting, and 
he is a member of the Vancouver, Shaugh- 
nessy Golf, and Burnaby Golf Clubs. In 
religion he is a Roman Catholic and on 
June 1, 1904, married Mary Geraldine, 
daughter of Patrick D. Doran, Kingston, 
Ont. He has three sons and one daughter, 
and resides at 1251 King Edward Ave., 
Vancouver, B.C. 

Cousineau, Joseph Philemon, B.A., 
K.C., LL.D., of the firm of Cousineau and 
Lacasse, advocates, 90 St. James Street, 
Montreal, was born at St. Laurent, Quebec, 
in 1874, and is one of the many brilliant 
Canadians of French affiliations who have 
done so much to enrich the legal history of 
Canada. He is the son of Gervais and 
Angelique Cousineau and was educated at 
Ste. Therese College, and at Laval Univer- 
sity, where he secured his B.A. in 1894, his 
LL.L. in 1896 and his LL.D. in 1901. He 
read law with J. Beauchamp and with C. R. 
Charles Bruchesi. He was called to the 
Quebec Bar in 1896 and was created King's 
Counsel in 1909. Like many of his com- 
patriots Mr. Cousineau united law and 
politics. He began his political career as 
mayor of St. Laurent, an office he held from 
1904 to 1908. In that year he resigned his 
mayoralty to become member of the Quebec 
Legislature for the district of Jacques Cartier. 
He was re-elected in 1912 and in 1915 and 
1916 was leader of the opposition at Quebec. 
His authorship in 1901 of a brilliant thesis 
'"Des Corporations" was possibly one of the 
determining influences in his appointment to 
the professorship of "Droit Administrative" 



192 




GEORGE WRIGHT 






JLUd, 

S 



at Laval University, a position he has held 
since 1903. He is also a member of the 
Canadian and the Chapleau Clubs. In 
1897 Mr. Cousineau married Helmina, 
daughter of L. S. Gendron. He has four 
daughters, Aline, Gilberte, Jeanne and 
Gabrielle. In politics he is a Conservative, 
and in religion a Roman Catholic. He still 
maintains the family residence at St. Laurent. 

Cutten, George Barton, of Wolfeville, 
Nova Scotia, president Acadia University, 
is one of the interesting Canadians who have 
won educational honor in their own country. 
Dr. Cutten was born at Amherst, Nova 
Scotia, on April 11, 1874. His parents were 
William Herman Cutten and Abbie Ann 
Trefry, and their early training was doubtless 
responsible for their son's brilliant career. 
At twenty- two he won his B.A. degree from 
Acadia, the university he was afterwards 
destined to govern as president; at twenty- 
three he was B.A. at Yale, and from then 
on he won in rapid succession his M.A. at 
Acadia, his Ph.D. at Yale, his B.D. at 
Yale, his D.D. at Colgate and his LL.D. 
at Acadia. In 1898 Dr. Cutten married 
Minnie W. Brown, daughter of John Inger- 
Brown and Sophia Zwicker of Westfield, 
ass., and his four children are Margarita 
oy, born in 1902; Muriel Grace, born in 
904; Claire, born in 1906 and William 
ncis, born in 1908. Dr. Cutten is a 
mber of two Greek letter fraternities, the 
i Sigma Delta, and the Phi Beta Kappa, 
a Baptist in religion and an Independent 
politics, but he is not a Pacifist, for he 
held two military commissions Captain 
the 219th Battalion, and Major in the 
h. Dr. Cutten is the author of a num- 
of interesting books: "The Psychology 
Alcoholism" (Walter Scott Publishing 
pany, London), "The Psychological 
na of Christianity," and "Three 
nd Years of Mental Healing," both 
published by Scribner's, New York; "The 
Case of John Kinsel" (Psychological Review), 
and "The Christian Life in a Baptist Church" 
(Marriott Press, Corning, New York.). 

Goring, C. C., manufacturer, of 172 
arkland Street, Hamilton, Ontario, is a 
self-made man, and proud of it. He furn- 
ishes one of the numerous cases we have in 
Canada of the farmer's son who gets well up 
the ladder by persistent, well-directed 
efforts along one line of business. Com- 
mencing as an oil salesman on "the road," 
Goring eventually had charge of the 
s force of a large refinery in New York 




State. From that he went into the jobbing 
and export department and eventually he 
incorporated a company which has done a 
successful business both in the United States 
and in Canada. He is now president and 
managing director of the Ontario Lubricating 
Company, Limited. Mr. Goring was born 
at Homer, Ontario, on March 31, 1878, his 
parents being Ransom Goring and Melissa 
Cushman. He received a Canadian public 
school education and went directly from 
school into business. On January 2, 1907, 
he married Edith Wildman, daughter of 
Edwin Wildman, Hamilton, Ontario. He 
has two children, Gladys Irene, born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1909, and Gordon Hamilton, born 
January 27, 1915. Mr. Goring is a Prot- 
estant, a Conservative and a Mason. 

Dinnick, Lieut. -Col. Wilfrid Serving- 
ton, one of the leading financiers and 
public men of Toronto, was born at Guild- 
ford, England, on July 19th, 1874, the son of 
(Rev.) John Dunn and Charlotte Matilda 
Dinnick. He was educated at York School, 
Brighton, Eng., and came to Canada in 1889. 
In that year he obtained a position in the 
office of the Provincial Loan Company, 
Toronto, where he remained for two years, 
joining the Canadian Birbeck Investment 
Security and Savings Co., with which cor- 
poration he remained until 1895. By the 
time he was twenty-one he had acquired 
through his natural aptitude for finance a 
very complete knowledge of the Canadian 
investment field and before he was thirty 
had become a prominent figure in Toronto 
financial circles. He is at present Vice- 
President of the Standard Reliance Mortgage 
Corporation, 84 King St. East, Toronto; and 
President of the Sterling Trusts Corporation. 
Notable among his business achievements 
was that of founding and organizing Law- 
rence Park, one of the exclusive suburban 
residential districts of Toronto, which by 
virtue of the policy which he adopted in the 
matter of planning and building restrictions, 
is one of the beauty spots of a city re- 
nowned for its palatial homes. His ser- 
vices of a public character became especially 
noteworthy during the late war. On Dec. 
21st, 1914, he organized the 109th Regiment 
in which he holds the rank of Lieut. -Col. 
This organization largely through the 
energetic methods of Col. Dinnick 
sent to the front over 200 officers 
and 5000 men, who served chiefly in 
the 84th and 169th Overseas Battalions and 
seven other quotas also. It also contributed 



193 



the C.D.F. Battalion for home defence in 
Canada. As an organizer of public benefac- 
tions Col. Dinnick also showed indefatigable 
energy and organizing talent. He was 
largely instrumental in securing $2,400,000 
for the Toronto and York Patriotic Fund in 
1916; and $3,400,000 for the same object in 
1917. He was also the organizer of the 
British Red Cross Appeal in 1915 and raised 
$550,000, which was increased to $740,000 
in 1916. He has likewise willingly given his 
services to numerous appeals of a minor 
character, and many organizations have 
profited by his unique abilities in that field. 
He has been active in support of schemes of 
civic improvement and was the originator 
of the Back Garden development idea in 
Toronto, which has been blessed with excel- 
lent results. He is a Conservative in politics, 
a member of St. Paul's (Anglican) Church, 
Toronto, and is Honorary Secretary of the 
Canadian Council of the Pocket Testament 
League. His recreations are Motoring and 
horse-back riding and he is the President and 
one of the founders of the Lawrence Park 
Lawn Bowling Club. He is also a member 
of the Albany, National, Toronto Hunt, 
Lambton Golf, Rosedale Golf, and Royal 
Canadian Yacht Clubs, Toronto, and of the 
the A.F. & A.M. In New York on June 
16th, 1905, he married Miss Alice Louise 
Conlin and has two sons and two daughters. 
His residence is at Bedford Lodge, Toronto. 

Ewing, William, one of the best known 
of the younger business men of Montreal, 
was born in that city on May 4th, 1884, the 
son of William and Catherine Kinross Ewing. 
He was educated at Montreal High School 
and at L ' Assomption College, L ' Assomption, 
Quebec. On leaving college about sixteen 
years ago he joined the business of his father, 
who had established the firm of William 
Ewing & Co., Wholesale Seedsmen, at 
Montreal, in 1869. When the firm was re- 
organized as a joint stock corporation with 
the title of the William Ewing Co., Ltd., in 
1913, the subject of this sketch became Secre- 
tary-Treasurer and also a Director. Form- 
erly Mr. Ewing was known on the football 
field throughout Eastern Canada and is 
President of the Interprovincial Rugby Foot- 
ball Union and also of the Montreal Amateur 
Athletic Association Football Club. He is 
an active member of the M.A.A.A. and also 
of the Caledonian Society of Montreal. His 
recreations are fishing and football and he has 
also interested himself in military affairs and 
holds a commission as lieutenant in the 1st 



Regiment, G.G. of C. On July 22nd, 1910, 
he married Isabel Swanson Forbes, a daughter 
of Mr. George E- Forbes of the well-known firm 
of Forbes Bros., Wholesale Grocers, Mon- 
treal. He has two children, Isabel Graham, 
born May 10th, 1912, and William, born 
Dec. 26th, 1914. In religion he is a Pres- 
byterian and resides at 329 Addington Ave., 
Notre Dame de Grace, Montreal. 

Kelso, John Joseph (Toronto, Ont.), 
Journalist and Social Worker, has resided in 
Toronto since childhood, but was born in 
Dundalk, Ireland, March 31, 1864, son of 
George and Anna Kelso, descendants of 
Scotch Covenanters. Took up Journalism 
in 1886 and was for several years member of 
the "Globe" staff. Devoted to philanthropy, 
has written thousands of columns on Social 
Welfare. Organized Toronto Humane So- 
ciety in 1886-7; Children's Fresh Air Fund 
in 1888; Children's Aid Society, 1891; Play- 
grounds Association, 1908; was mainly 
responsible for educational propaganda lead- 
ing to passing of Children's Protection Act 
by Ontario Government, and under its pro- 
vision was appointed General Superintendent 
of Neglected and Dependent Children, and 
Inspector of Industrial Schools. In its initial 
stages Mr. Kelso had much to do with the 
inauguration of the Juvenile Court move- 
ment, having addressed the Waif Saving 
Congress on the subject at the World's Fair, 
Chicago, in October, 1893. He was also one 
of the first advocates of Widowed Mothers' 
Aid and Workmen's Compensation Boards. 
In March, 1898, Mr. Kelso addressed the 
Legislature of Manitoba and British Colum- 
bia and they unanimously agreed to adopt 
the Ontario system of child protection. In 
1905 he visited Nova Scotia with the same 
successful result; in 1908 Saskatchewan, and 
in 1913, New Brunswick. All Canada now 
follows the same methods of carrying on 
Child Welfare work, Mr. Kelso having organ- 
ized over two hundred and fifty Children's 
Aid Societies, in addition to Social Settle- 
ments, etc. Started Canadian Conference of 
Charities and Correction in 1897 and was 
elected Vice-President; was also elected Vice- 
President of National (U.S.) Conference of 
Charities in 1902. Represented Ontario at 
Conference on Child Welfare called by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt and also at International 
Prison Congress held in Washington. These 
Conferences led to many present-day reforms. 
In 1903-5 Mr. Kelso performed notable ser- 
vice for the Province by emptying the On- 
tario Reformatory for Boys at Penetangui- 



194 



shene and the Ontario Refuge for Girls, by 
providing homes and situations for all the 
inmates. These institutions were converted 
into Hospitals for the Insane. Is still en- 
gaged in the work. Was married, 1901, to 
Irene Madden Martin, of Nashville, Tenn., 
and has two children, a son and daughter. 
Is Elder and S.S. Superintendent of St. James' 
Square Presbyterian Church. He resides at 
21 Prince Arthur Ave. 

Douglas, William James (Toronto, Ont.) 
Journalist, is the General Manager of the 
"Mail and Empire," one of the leading Can- 
adian dailies and influential exponent of the 
Liberal-Conservative thought in Ontario. 
He is a son of the late James S. Douglas, 
A.M., M.D., Ph.D., and Frances Boardman, 
and was born in Hamilton, N.Y., U.S.A., 
May 28, 1846. After education at Milwau- 
kee, Wis., he came to Canada in 1877, where 
he has held his present position for many 
years. Mr. Douglas married Eliza, daughter 
of Jeremiah Riordan, Surgeon in the Royal 
Navy, in 1868, and has four children Wil- 
liam, James S., Howard R. and Amy Douglas. 
He was formerly Vice-President of the Na- 
tional Club, and is a Trustee of the Toronto 
General Hospital, and of the Canadian As- 
sociated Press, of which he was a promoter. 
A Presbyterian in religion and a Conserva- 
tive in politics. Mr. Douglas numbers 
among his clubs the National and Albany of 
Toronto, the Rideau of Ottawa, the Caledon 
Mountain Trout Club and the Cuckoo Valley 
Fishing Club. Is a Justice of the Peace for 
County of York. 



the 

' 



Delage, Cyrille F., Notary Public (Quebec 
City, Que.), son of J. B. Delage and Mary 
E. E. Fraser, was born in the above place, 
May 1, 1869, and received his education at 
Quebec Seminary and Laval University, 
Quebec, from which last he graduated with 
the degrees of L.B., LL.B., and LL.D. In 
1894, Mr. Delage married Alice, daughter of 
Telesphore Boursseau and Celina Genest, by 
whom he has four children Paul-Edouard, 
Maurice, Emile, and Marguerite. To-day, 
this distinguished Canadian holds the follow- 
ing public offices: Superintendent of Public 
Instruction for the Province of Quebec; 
officer d'Acadamie (France) ; member, Royal 
Society of Canada, French Section; Hon. 
President of the Quebec Provincial Exhibition 
Commission; President, Canadian Patriotic 
Fund, Quebec Branch; President National 
War Saving Committee, Quebec Branch; 
Honorary President of Society of Education, 



Canada; President, Catholic Committee, 
Council Public Instruction, Quebec; Mem- 
ber Protestant Committee, Council Public 
Instruction; and member Conseil des Arts et 
Metiers, Quebec. Council of Agriculture. 
At the time of his appointment as Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, the "Quebec 
Telegraph" said editorially: "Undoubtedly 
the Legislature will lose by his disappearance 
from it, but the Province will unquestionably 
be a large gainer by the transfer of his abilities, 
experience, and congenial tastes to the De- 
partment of Public Instruction." A Liberal 
in politics and a Roman Catholic in religion, 
Mr. Delage is a member of the Canadian 
and Garrison Clubs of Quebec City, in addi- 
tion to the Union St. Joseph, St. Roch; 
Union St. Joseph, Beauport; Artisans Cana- 
diens-francais; Alliance Nationale; Royal 
Arcanum, and the Independent Order of 
Foresters. 

Hocken, Norman Cecil (Otter Lake Sta- 
tion, Ont.), Lumberman, the son of Henry 
Hocken and Lucina Soper, was born in Bow- 
manville, Ont., November 28, 1880, and 
educated at the Bowmanville Public School. 
His father being in the lumber business, he 
naturally came much in contact with that 
line of business, so deciding to strike out for 
himself in 1903, he became connected with 
the Victoria Harbor Lumber Company, and 
the Charlton Sawmill Company, finally going 
into business for himself and at the present 
time is owner of four sawmills and upwards 
of fifty square miles of timber limits. In 
politics he is a Reformer and was nominated 
by the Liberal party as their standard-bearer 
for the constituency of Parry Sound, for the 
House of Commons, to represent them at the 
next Dominion Election. Mr. Hocken is a 
member of the Methodist Church, of the 
Board of Trade of the City of Toronto, 
of the Ontario Club, Toronto, and of the 
Masonic Order. He married the daughter 
of James Kydd, and has five children 
Bernice, Melvin, Loydd, Ralph and Robert. 

King, Hon. James H., M.D., C.M., 
F.A.G.S., Physician and Surgeon, Cran- 
brook, B.C., President, King Lumber Mills, 
Ltd., Cranbrook, B.C. Born Chipman, 
N.B., January 18, 1872, son of Hon. G. G. 
and Ester Briggs King. Educated St. 
Martin's Academy and McGill University. 
Practised Andover and St. John N.B., 1895- 
1898. Came to British Columbia 1898; prac- 
tised Cranbrook since. Vice-President Grad- 
uates Society, McGill University, 1908. At- 



195 



tended World Congress of Medicine and Sur- 
gery, Budapest, Hungary, 1909, and on this 
occasion was presented at the Austrian Court. 
Represented Cranbrook, British Columbia 
Legislature, 1903, 1907; unsuccessful candi- 
date for Kootenay to House of Commons, 
1911 ; elected to British Columbia Parliament, 
September 14, 1916; accepted portfolio of 
Public Works in the new government formed 
November 29, 1916; one of the original 
Founders and Governors of the American 
College of Surgeons at Chicago, 1913. 
Married Nellie Sadler, Maple View, N.B., 
1907. Societies: A.F. & A.M., I.O.O.F., K. 
of P. Liberal, Baptist. Residence, Victoria, 
B.C. 

Oliver, Hon. John (Victoria, B.C.), son of 
Robert Oliver, of Derbyshire, England, and 
Emma Lomas, his wife, of Staffordshire. 
Was born on July 31, 1856, at Hartington, 
Derbyshire, England. In April, 1870, his 
parents, with eight children, of whom the 
subject of this sketch was the eldest, left the 
Motherland, and eventually settled on a 
farm in Wellington County, Ontario. There 
he worked on his father's farm in the summer 
and went to the woods in the winter, and, 
in his spare time, picked up stone masonry. 
In 1877, the future premier set out for 
Victoria B.C., with only a few dollars in his 
pocket and no particular job in sight. 
Twenty-three years later he returned to the 
capital as a member of the Legislature, and 
forty years afterwards he became head of the 
Provincial Government. Shortly after going 
to British Columbia, Mr. Oliver took up land 
in the Delta municipality, and to-day he is 
the proprietor of one of the finest farms in 
the province. Mr. Oliver has always evinced 
a genius for public service, and has always 
taken a keen and intelligent interest in public 
questions. He had not been long in the west 
before he was elected a member of the Delta 
Municipal Council, and was later reeve for 
several terms. He was first elected to the 
British Columbia Legislature at the general 
elections in 1900, and re-elected in 1903 and 
1907. At the general elections in 1909, as 
leader of the Opposition, he contested two 
constituencies, Victoria and Delta, and was 
defeated in both. A similar experience 
awaited him in 1911, and again in the cam- 
paign in 1912. In 1916, upon the formation 
of the Brewster cabinet, he was appointed 
Minister of Railways and Agriculture. On 
the death of Premier Brewster, after one 
session in office, Mr. Oliver was called upon 
by the Lieutenant-Governor to form a 



Government, which he did, retaining his 
former portfolios, besides acting as Premier. 
His reputation as a parliamentarian of the 
first rank was firmly established by the part 
he played in the exposure of what was known 
as the "Columbia and Western Railway 
Scandal." He was chiefly instrumental in 
having grants for some 650,000 acres of coal 
mining land in the Kootenay district cancelled . 
Premier Oliver was married on June 20, 1886, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of William Woodward, 
of Mud Bay, British Columbia. He is 
the father of the following children: Robert, 
William Arthur, John Thomas, Charles 
Edward, Joseph, Elizabeth Alice, Sarah Ellen, 
Mildred Emma. Premier Oliver has for 
years been known as " Honest John," and his 
long record for probity and fair dealing justly 
entitles him to this distinction. Although 
somewhat handicapped in early life by lack 
of scholastic training, the Premier was by 
nature a student, and he became a wide 
reader. He is a man of rugged honesty, 
industrious and aggressive, and enjoys a 
measure of public confidence which is indi- 
cated by the title conferred upon him by the 
people of his province. The Premier's can- 
dour and courage are recognized as his 
greatest assets, while his long association 
with public affairs and foremost position in 
the Liberal party has made his name a house- 
hold word in British Columbia. The Premier 
possesses sufficient property, acquired by his 
own industry, to make him independent of 
political fortunes. He is undoubtedly one 
of the most interesting and picturesque 
figures in Canadian public life. 

Ferguson, Hon. George Howard, B.A., 
LL.B., K.G., M.L.A. (Toronto, Ont.) 
son of Dr. Charles Frederick Ferguson 
(Scotch), and Elizabeth Wallace Bell, his 
wife (Irish). Was born on the 18th day of 
June, 1870, at Kemptville, Ont. Educated 
at Kemptville High School, Toronto Uni- 
versity, and Osgoode Hall Law School, 
Toronto. Called to the bar in 1894. 
Married April 14th, 1896, to Ella Cumming, 
of Buckingham, Quebec. Was a councillor 
for three years and a reeve for three 
years of the village of Kemptville. His 
father, Charles F. Ferguson, M.D., repre- 
sented the constituency of North Leeds and 
Grenville in the House of Commons from 
1893 to 1896, when he retired. First elected 
to the Ontario Legislature at the general 
elections as the member for Grenville, 1905. 
Re-elected at the general elections 1908, 1911, 
1912 and 1914. A member of the Executive 



196 






Council of the Hearst Administration as 
Minister of Lands, and Forests and Mines, 
December 22nd, 1914. Re-elected after 
assuming the office by acclamation, January 
7th, 1915. He is an Anglican and a member 
of the Masonic Order; the Odd Fellows; In- 
dependent Order of Foresters ; Orangemen and 
Maccabees. The Honorable Mr. Ferguson 
is a man of fine address and good oratorical 
ability. He is extremely popular with all 
members of the Legislature. 

Grant, Gordon, is the son of Peter 
Grant, a distinguished Civil Engineer who 
was employed on the construction of the 
Caledonia and Great North of Scotland 
Railways, who came to Canada in 1868, and 
who was from that date to its completion in 
1876, employed on the construction of the 
the Intercolonial Railway and subsequently 
on the Canadian Pacific Railway until its 
completion in 1885, and Helen (Gordon) 
Grant. Mr. Grant was born in Dufftown, 
Banffshire, Scotland, January 2nd, 1865, 
and came to Canada in 1872. He was 
educated in the Ottawa Business College and 
the Ottawa University. In 1882 Mr. Grant 
was invited to join the staff of his uncle, the 
late William B. Grant, C.E., who was then 
Chief Engineer of the Great Southern Rail- 
way in the Argentina Republic, and remained 
a member of his staff for six years, during 
which time he was employed on the con- 
struction of several hundred miles of railway. 
In 1887 there was a severe depression in the 
public works in that republic and railway 
construction came to a stop. Returning to 
Canada Mr. Grant was employed on the 
construction of the Sydney extension of the 
Intercolonial Railway until 1890. In July 
of that year he joined the staff of the late 
P. A. Peterson, then Chief Engineer of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway, and remained 
with him until July, 1893, when he accepted a 
position as Division Engineer of Construction 
on the Palm Beach extension of the Florida 
East Railway, and remained there until its 
completion in 1895, when he joined the 
Construction Department of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway, and was employed on the 
construction of the Crow's Nest Pass and 
other Western branch lines until 1905, when 
he joined the staff of Mr. Hugh D. Lumsden, 
recently appointed Chief Engineer of the 
National Transcontinental Railway Com- 
mission. He was appointed Assistant Dis- 
trict Engineer in May, 1906, Inspecting En- 
gineer over the whole line in May, 1907, and 
on the resignation of Mr. Lumsden in July, 



1909, was appointed by the Government to 
the position of Chief Engineer and remained 
in that position until the completion of the 
Railway, when he was, in January, 1917, 
appointed consulting Engineer to the Depart- 
ment of Railways and Canals, and also had 
charge of the work of completing the Quebec 
& Saguenay Railway from Quebec to Murray 
Bay, a very difficult piece of railway con- 
struction. In December, 1906, Mr. Grant 
married Katherine McCarthy, daughter of 
William McCarthy, Civil Engineer,